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Reaction Mechanisms In Environmental Engineering

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Reaction Mechanisms in Environmental Engineering

Reaction Mechanisms in Environmental Engineering Book
Author : James G. Speight
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2018-08-13
ISBN : 0128006676
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Reaction Mechanisms in Environmental Engineering: Analysis and Prediction describes the principles that govern chemical reactivity and demonstrates how these principles are used to yield more accurate predictions. The book will help users increase accuracy in analyzing and predicting the speed of pollutant conversion in engineered systems, such as water and wastewater treatment plants, or in natural systems, such as lakes and aquifers receiving industrial pollution. Using examples from air, water and soil, the book begins with a clear exposition of the properties of environmental and inorganic organic chemicals that is followed by partitioning and sorption processes and sorption and transformation processes. Kinetic principles are used to calculate or estimate the pollutants' half-lives, while physical-chemical properties of organic pollutants are used to estimate transformation mechanisms and rates. The book emphasizes how to develop an understanding of how physico-chemical and structural properties relate to transformations of organic pollutants. Offers a one-stop source for analyzing and predicting the speed of organic and inorganic reaction mechanisms for air, water and soil Provides the tools and methods for increased accuracy in analyzing and predicting the speed of pollutant conversion in engineered systems Uses kinetic principles and the physical-chemical properties of organic pollutants to estimate transformation mechanisms and rates

Analysis of Kinetic Reaction Mechanisms

Analysis of Kinetic Reaction Mechanisms Book
Author : Tamás Turányi,Alison S. Tomlin
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-12-29
ISBN : 366244562X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chemical processes in many fields of science and technology, including combustion, atmospheric chemistry, environmental modelling, process engineering, and systems biology, can be described by detailed reaction mechanisms consisting of numerous reaction steps. This book describes methods for the analysis of reaction mechanisms that are applicable in all these fields. Topics addressed include: how sensitivity and uncertainty analyses allow the calculation of the overall uncertainty of simulation results and the identification of the most important input parameters, the ways in which mechanisms can be reduced without losing important kinetic and dynamic detail, and the application of reduced models for more accurate engineering optimizations. This monograph is invaluable for researchers and engineers dealing with detailed reaction mechanisms, but is also useful for graduate students of related courses in chemistry, mechanical engineering, energy and environmental science and biology.

Analysis of Kinetic Reaction Mechanisms

Analysis of Kinetic Reaction Mechanisms Book
Author : Tamas Turanyi,Alison S. Tomlin
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-01-10
ISBN : 9783662445631
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chemical processes in many fields of science and technology, including combustion, atmospheric chemistry, environmental modelling, process engineering, and systems biology, can be described by detailed reaction mechanisms consisting of numerous reaction steps. This book describes methods for the analysis of reaction mechanisms that are applicable in all these fields. Topics addressed include: how sensitivity and uncertainty analyses allow the calculation of the overall uncertainty of simulation results and the identification of the most important input parameters, the ways in which mechanisms can be reduced without losing important kinetic and dynamic detail, and the application of reduced models for more accurate engineering optimizations. This monograph is invaluable for researchers and engineers dealing with detailed reaction mechanisms, but is also useful for graduate students of related courses in chemistry, mechanical engineering, energy and environmental science and biology.

In Situ FTIR Spectroscopic Studies of Reaction Mechanisms for Photocatalytic Reduction of CO2 by CuPt TiO2 Nanotube Composites

In Situ FTIR Spectroscopic Studies of Reaction Mechanisms for Photocatalytic Reduction of CO2 by CuPt TiO2 Nanotube Composites Book
Author : 張旭蕙
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download In Situ FTIR Spectroscopic Studies of Reaction Mechanisms for Photocatalytic Reduction of CO2 by CuPt TiO2 Nanotube Composites book written by 張旭蕙, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Reaction Mechanisms in Environmental Organic Chemistry

Reaction Mechanisms in Environmental Organic Chemistry Book
Author : RichardA. Larson
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2018-04-27
ISBN : 1351419722
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Reaction Mechanisms in Environmental Organic Chemistry classifies and organizes the reactions of environmentally important organic compounds using concepts and data drawn from traditional mechanistic and physical organic chemistry. It will help readers understand these reactions and their importance for the environmental fates or organic compounds of many types. The book has a molecular and mechanistic emphasis, and it is organized by reaction type. Organic molecules and their fates are examined in an ecosystem context. Their reactions are discussed in terms that organic chemists would use. The book will benefit organic chemists, environmental engineers, water treatment professionals, hazardous waste specialists, and biologists. Although conceived as a comprehensive monograph, the book could also be used as a text or reference for environmental chemistry classes at the undergraduate or graduate level.

Elements of Environmental Engineering

Elements of Environmental Engineering Book
Author : Kalliat T. Valsaraj,Elizabeth M. Melvin
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2009-06-09
ISBN : 1420078194
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Revised, updated, and rewritten where necessary, but keeping the clear writing and organizational style that made previous editions so popular, Elements of Environmental Engineering: Thermodynamics and Kinetics, Third Edition contains new problems and new examples that better illustrate theory. The new edition contains examples with practical flavor such as global warming, ozone layer depletion, nanotechnology, green chemistry, and green engineering. With detailed theoretical discussion and principles illuminated by numerical examples, this book fills the gaps in coverage of the principles and applications of kinetics and thermodynamics in environmental engineering and science. New topics covered include: Green Chemistry and Engineering Biological Processes Life Cycle Analysis Global Climate Change The author discusses the applications of thermodynamics and kinetics and delineates the distribution of pollutants and the interrelationships between them. His demonstration of the theoretical foundations of chemical property estimations gives students an in depth understanding of the limitations of thermodynamics and kinetics as applied to environmental fate and transport modeling and separation processes for waste treatment. His treatment of the material underlines the multidisciplinary nature of environmental engineering. This book is unusual in environmental engineering since it deals exclusively with the applications of chemical thermodynamics and kinetics in environmental processes. The book’s multimedia approach to fate and transport modeling and in pollution control design options provides a science and engineering treatment of environmental problems.

Studies of Atmospheric Chemistry and Reaction Mechanisms Using Optical Spectroscopy and Mass Spectrometry

Studies of Atmospheric Chemistry and Reaction Mechanisms Using Optical Spectroscopy and Mass Spectrometry Book
Author : Yingdi Liu
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 9781124940328
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This dissertation is a part of my research work. For environmental chamber study of atmospheric chemistry and secondary organic aerosol formation using cavity enhanced absorption spectroscopy please refer to my MS degree thesis in Chemistry and Environmental Engineering department, UC-Riverside.

Introduction to Environmental Engineering

Introduction to Environmental Engineering Book
Author : Stefan Fränzle,Bernd Markert,Simone Wünschmann
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-01-24
ISBN : 3527659501
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Building on the first principles of environmental chemistry, engineering, and ecology, this volume fills the need for an advanced textbook introducing the modern, integrated environmental management approach, with a view towards long-term sustainability and within the framework of international regulations. As such, it presents the classic technologies alongside innovative ones that are just now coming into widespread use, such as photochemical technologies and carbon dioxide sequestration. Numerous case studies from the fields of air, water and soil engineering describe real-life solutions to problems in pollution prevention and remediation, as an aid to practicing professional skills. With its tabulated data, comprehensive list of further reading, and a glossary of terms, this book doubles as a reference for environmental engineers and consultants.

Handbook of Environmental Engineering

Handbook of Environmental Engineering Book
Author : Myer Kutz
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-07-25
ISBN : 1119304431
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive guide for both fundamentals and real-world applications of environmental engineering Written by noted experts, Handbook of Environmental Engineering offers a comprehensive guide to environmental engineers who desire to contribute to mitigating problems, such as flooding, caused by extreme weather events, protecting populations in coastal areas threatened by rising sea levels, reducing illnesses caused by polluted air, soil, and water from improperly regulated industrial and transportation activities, promoting the safety of the food supply. Contributors not only cover such timely environmental topics related to soils, water, and air, minimizing pollution created by industrial plants and processes, and managing wastewater, hazardous, solid, and other industrial wastes, but also treat such vital topics as porous pavement design, aerosol measurements, noise pollution control, and industrial waste auditing. This important handbook: Enables environmental engineers to treat problems in systematic ways Discusses climate issues in ways useful for environmental engineers Covers up-to-date measurement techniques important in environmental engineering Reviews current developments in environmental law for environmental engineers Includes information on water quality and wastewater engineering Informs environmental engineers about methods of dealing with industrial and municipal waste, including hazardous waste Designed for use by practitioners, students, and researchers, Handbook of Environmental Engineering contains the most recent information to enable a clear understanding of major environmental issues.

Artificially Intelligent Nanomaterials

Artificially Intelligent Nanomaterials Book
Author : Peng Wang,Jian Chang,Lianbin Zhang
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-12-31
ISBN : 3527344942
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presents novel, nanotechnology-based solutions for urgent environmental engineering problems Clear and concise from beginning to end, this book focuses on the design and application of artificially intelligent nanomaterials, which help in solving many tangible environmental problems?especially water and air pollution. It lays out the design concepts, major chemical principles, and materials considerations of artificially intelligent nanomaterials for environmental engineering, and provides proof-of-concept examples such as improved filtration membranes, nanofibrous air filters, and molecularly imprinted nanomaterials. Artificially Intelligent Nanomaterials: For Environmental Engineering starts by describing the background of environmental nanotechnology, the rise of Artificial Intelligence (AI), and the current status of AI in environmental engineering. It then looks at: intelligently functional materials and responsive mechanisms; designing filtration membranes with responsive gates; switchable wettability materials for controllable oil/water separation; and self-healing materials for environmental applications. The book continues with chapters that examine: emerging nanofibrous air filters for PM2.5 removal; self-propelled nanomotors for environmental applications; molecular imprinting in wastewater treatment; and emerging synergistically multifunctional and all-in-one nanomaterials and nanodevices in advanced environmental applications. -Presents the state-of-the-art in environmental technology and puts forward bold ideas for its advancement -Addresses global challenges, including all important water and air quality which are critical for human health and a sustainable future -Concentrates on nanotechnology-enabled solutions for pollutant removal from water and air Artificially Intelligent Nanomaterials: For Environmental Engineering is an ideal book for undergraduates, graduates, scientists, and professionals in the fields of environmental science, material science, chemistry, and chemistry engineering.

EPA Environmental Engineering Sourcebook

EPA Environmental Engineering Sourcebook Book
Author : J. Russell Boulding
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2019-03-04
ISBN : 1351449990
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) publishes several series of documents that provide up-to-date information about environmental site assessment and remediation. The EPA Environmental Engineering Sourcebook includes papers and bulletins that focus on remediation of soil and groundwater, making them available in a convenient form. This book compiles thirty-five documents- written by recognized leaders - on major methods and promising new techniques for hazardous waste treatment and site remediation. Each chapter evaluates the type of contaminant and site characteristics needed to select a technology for use at hazardous waste sites. The EPA Environmental Engineering Sourcebook presents EPA documents in an easy-to-use, concise format. It contains numerous graphs, charts and figures that make it an important resource for those involved in environmental protection, site remediation, and site assessment. Features Contains chapters written by recognized leaders Examines major methods as well as assesses new techniques for hazardous waste treatment and site remediation Presents information in an easy-to-use, concise format Evaluates each type of contaminant and site characteristics for selecting technology at hazardous waste sites

Chemical Processes for Environmental Engineering

Chemical Processes for Environmental Engineering Book
Author : Teh Fu Yen
Publisher : Imperial College Press
Release : 2007
ISBN : 186094759X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book deals with basic principles such as chemical equilibrium as well as chemical processes. These concepts make up the basic tools necessary to design a more efficient system to solve environmental problems. This book can be used as a textbook for a university-level course. It can also serve as an excellent source for professional research in the field of environmental engineering or environmental science.

Nanozymes for Environmental Engineering

Nanozymes for Environmental Engineering Book
Author : Hemant Kumar Daima
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-08-01
ISBN : 3030682307
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Nanozymes for Environmental Engineering book written by Hemant Kumar Daima, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Natural Water Remediation

Natural Water Remediation Book
Author : James G. Speight
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2019-08-29
ISBN : 0128038829
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Natural Water Remediation: Chemistry and Technology considers topics such as metal ion solubility controls, pH, carbonate equilibria, adsorption reactions, redox reactions and the kinetics of oxygenation reactions that occur in natural water environments. The book begins with the fundamentals of acid-base and redox chemistry to provide a better understanding of the natural system. Other sections cover the relationships among environmental factors and natural water (including biochemical factors, hydrologic cycles and sources of solutes in the atmosphere). Chemical thermodynamic models, as applied to natural water, are then discussed in detail. Final sections cover self-contained applications concerning composition, quality measurement and analyses for river, lake, reservoir and groundwater sampling. Covers the fundamentals of acid-base and redox chemistry for environmental engineers Focuses on the practical uses of water, soil mineral and bedrock chemistry and how they impact surface and groundwater Includes applications concerning composition, quality measurement and analyses for river, lake, reservoir and groundwater sampling

Sustainable Environmental Engineering

Sustainable Environmental Engineering Book
Author : Walter Z. Tang,Mika Sillanpää
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-10-16
ISBN : 111902837X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The important resource that explores the twelve design principles of sustainable environmental engineering Sustainable Environmental Engineering (SEE) is to research, design, and build Environmental Engineering Infrastructure System (EEIS) in harmony with nature using life cycle cost analysis and benefit analysis and life cycle assessment and to protect human health and environments at minimal cost. The foundations of the SEE are the twelve design principles (TDPs) with three specific rules for each principle. The TDPs attempt to transform how environmental engineering could be taught by prioritizing six design hierarchies through six different dimensions. Six design hierarchies are prevention, recovery, separation, treatment, remediation, and optimization. Six dimensions are integrated system, material economy, reliability on spatial scale, resiliency on temporal scale, and cost effectiveness. In addition, the authors, two experts in the field, introduce major computer packages that are useful to solve real environmental engineering design problems. The text presents how specific environmental engineering issues could be identified and prioritized under climate change through quantification of air, water, and soil quality indexes. For water pollution control, eight innovative technologies which are critical in the paradigm shift from the conventional environmental engineering design to water resource recovery facility (WRRF) are examined in detail. These new processes include UV disinfection, membrane separation technologies, Anammox, membrane biological reactor, struvite precipitation, Fenton process, photocatalytic oxidation of organic pollutants, as well as green infrastructure. Computer tools are provided to facilitate life cycle cost and benefit analysis of WRRF. This important resource: • Includes statistical analysis of engineering design parameters using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) • Presents Monte Carlos simulation using Crystal ball to quantify uncertainty and sensitivity of design parameters • Contains design methods of new energy, materials, processes, products, and system to achieve energy positive WRRF that are illustrated with Matlab • Provides information on life cycle costs in terms of capital and operation for different processes using MatLab Written for senior or graduates in environmental or chemical engineering, Sustainable Environmental Engineering defines and illustrates the TDPs of SEE. Undergraduate, graduate, and engineers should find the computer codes are useful in their EEIS design. The exercise at the end of each chapter encourages students to identify EEI engineering problems in their own city and find creative solutions by applying the TDPs. For more information, please visit www.tang.fiu.edu.

Overcoming Barriers to the Remediation of Carbon Tetrachloride Through Manipulation of Competing Reaction Mechanisms

Overcoming Barriers to the Remediation of Carbon Tetrachloride Through Manipulation of Competing Reaction Mechanisms Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Most approaches that have been proposed for the remediation of groundwater contaminated with carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) produce chloroform (CHCl3) as the major product and methylene chloride (CH2Cl2) as a minor product. Both of these products are nearly as persistent and problematic as the parent compound, but competing reaction pathways produce the more desirable products carbon monoxide (CO) and/or formate (HCOO−). Results scattered throughout the chemical and environmental engineering literature show that the branching between these reaction pathways is highly variable, but the controlling factors have not been identified. If we understood the fundamental chemistry that controls the branching among these, and related, product-formation pathways, we could improve the applicability of a host of remediation technologies (both chemical and biological) to the large plumes of CCl4 that contaminate DOE sites across the country. This project will provide the first complete characterization of the mechanisms and kinetics of competing degradation reactions of CCl4 through laboratory experiments in simple model systems closely coordinated with theoretical modeling studies. The results provide strategies for maximizing the yield of desirable products from CCl4 degradation, and the most promising of these will be tested in column model systems using real site waters and matrix materials.

Green Sustainable Process for Chemical and Environmental Engineering and Science

Green Sustainable Process for Chemical and Environmental Engineering and Science Book
Author : Inamuddin,Rajender Boddula,Mohammed Muzibur Rahman,Abdullah M. Asiri
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-03-18
ISBN : 0128225564
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Green Sustainable Process for Chemical and Environmental Engineering and Science: Solid State Synthetic Methods cover recent advances made in the field of solid-state materials synthesis and its various applications. The book provides a brief introduction to the topic and the fundamental principles governing the various methods. Sustainable techniques and green processes development in solid-state chemistry are also highlighted. This book also provides a comprehensive literature on the industrial application using solid-state materials and solid-state devices. Overall, this book is intended to explore green solid-state techniques, eco-friendly materials involved in organic synthesis and real-time applications. Provides a broad overview of solid-state chemistry Outlines an eco-friendly solid-state synthesis of modern nanomaterials, organometallic, coordination compounds and pure organic Gives a detailed account of solid-state chemistry, fundamentals, concepts, techniques and applications Deliberates cutting-edge recent advances in industrial technologies involved in energy, environmental, medicinal and organic chemistry fields

Environmental Engineering

Environmental Engineering Book
Author : Charles R. O'Melia
Publisher : Amer Society of Civil Engineers
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Environmental Engineering book written by Charles R. O'Melia, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Ozonation and Biodegradation in Environmental Engineering

Ozonation and Biodegradation in Environmental Engineering Book
Author : Tatyana Poznyak,Jorge Isaac Chairez Oria,Alex Poznyak
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-11-07
ISBN : 0128128488
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ozonation and Biodegradation in Environmental Engineering: Dynamic Neural Network Approach gives a unified point-of-view on the application of DNN to estimate and control the application of ozonation and biodegradation in chemical and environmental engineering. This book deals with modelling and control design of chemical processes oriented to environmental and chemical engineering problems. Elimination in liquid, solid and gaseous phases are all covered, along with processes of laboratory scale that are evaluated with software sensors and controllers based on DNN technique, including the removal of contaminants in residual water, remediation of contaminated soil, purification of contaminated air, and more. The book also explores combined treatments using both ozonation and biodegradation to test the sensor and controller. Defines a novel researching trend in environmental engineering processes that deals with incomplete mathematical model description and other non-measurable parameters and variables Offers both significant new theoretical challenges and an examination of real-world problem-solving Helps students and practitioners learn and inexpensively implement DNN using commercially available, PC-based software tools

DARE s Dictionary of Environmental Sciences and Engineering

DARE s Dictionary of Environmental Sciences and Engineering Book
Author : A.M.O. Mohamed,D. Chenaf,S. El-Shahed
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-05-31
ISBN : 1000446816
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ideal for anyone interested in environmental issues, this dictionary draws together information from a variety of sources to better facilitate understanding of this wide-ranging subject. Detailed explanations help to promote clearer communication between professionals and provide a standardized reference point for technical translation, a quick-reference guide for researchers and professionals, and an invaluable knowledge base for cross-disciplinary readers from the fields of health, politics, economics and engineering.