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Rare Earth Based Corrosion Inhibitors

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Rare Earth Based Corrosion Inhibitors

Rare Earth Based Corrosion Inhibitors Book
Author : Maria Forsyth,Bruce Hinton
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-08-12
ISBN : 0857093584
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Corrosion inhibitors are an important method for minimizing corrosion; however traditional inhibitors such as chromates pose environmental problems. Rare earth metals provide an important, environmentally-friendly alternative. This book provides a comprehensive review of current research and examines how rare earth metals can be used to prevent corrosion and applied to protect metals in such industries as aerospace and construction. Chapter 1 begins by examining the important need to replace chromate, and then goes on to discuss the chemistry of the rare earth metals and their related compounds. Chapter 2 considers the techniques that can be used to identify corrosion inhibition mechanisms and to test the levels of protection offered to different metals by rare earth compounds. Subsequent chapters consider in more detail how rare earth elements can be used as corrosion inhibitors in different forms and for different metals. This includes discussion on the potential of rare earth elements for self-healing, tunable and multifunctional coatings. Finally, chapter 10 considers the cost and availability of the rare earths and the potential health and environmental risks associated with extracting them. Provides a review of current research and examines how rare earth metals can be used to prevent corrosion and applied to protect metals in such industries as aerospace and construction. Includes discussion on the potential of rare earth elements for self-healing, tunable and multifunctional coatings. Considers the cost and availability of the rare earths and the potential health and environmental risks associated with extracting them.

Corrosion Inhibitors

Corrosion Inhibitors Book
Author : Ambrish Singh
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2019-08-07
ISBN : 1789847141
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book aims to provide readers with the latest and relevant trends in corrosion. Use of inhibitors is one of the most common, cheap, and globally followed methods for the protection of metals from aggressive solutions. The information contained in this book covers different corrosion inhibitors for different corrosive environments with sufficient experimental data, surface studies, and theoretical studies. These studies altogether will give readers a good view of the basic and advanced knowledge of corrosion inhibitors and will be of interest to students, academicians, and industrialists.

Encyclopedia of Aluminum and Its Alloys Two Volume Set Print

Encyclopedia of Aluminum and Its Alloys  Two Volume Set  Print  Book
Author : George E. Totten,Murat Tiryakioglu,Olaf Kessler
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-12-07
ISBN : 1351045628
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This encyclopedia, written by authoritative experts under the guidance of an international panel of key researchers from academia, national laboratories, and industry, is a comprehensive reference covering all major aspects of metallurgical science and engineering of aluminum and its alloys. Topics covered include extractive metallurgy, powder metallurgy (including processing), physical metallurgy, production engineering, corrosion engineering, thermal processing (processes such as metalworking and welding, heat treatment, rolling, casting, hot and cold forming), surface engineering and structure such as crystallography and metallography.

Cerium Oxide CeO2 Synthesis Properties and Applications

Cerium Oxide  CeO2   Synthesis  Properties and Applications Book
Author : Salvatore Scire,Leonardo Palmisano
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-08-21
ISBN : 0128156627
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cerium Oxide (CeO2): Synthesis, Properties and Applications provides an updated and comprehensive account of the research in the field of cerium oxide based materials. The book is divided into three main blocks that deal with its properties, synthesis and applications. Special attention is devoted to the growing number of applications of ceria based materials, including their usage in industrial and environmental catalysis and photocatalysis, energy production and storage, sensors, cosmetics, radioprotection, glass technology, pigments, stainless steel and toxicology. A brief historical introduction gives users background, and a final chapter addresses future perspectives and outlooks to stimulate future research. The book is intended for a wide audience, including students, academics and industrial researchers working in materials science, chemistry and physics. Addresses a wide range of applications of ceria-based materials, including catalysis, energy production and storage, sensors, cosmetics and toxicology Provides the fundamentals of ceria-based materials, including synthesis methods, materials properties, toxicology and surface chemistry Includes nanostructured ceria-based materials and a discussion of future prospects and outlooks

Active Protective Coatings

Active Protective Coatings Book
Author : Anthony E. Hughes,Johannes M.C. Mol,Mikhail L. Zheludkevich,Rudolph G. Buchheit
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-03-01
ISBN : 9401775400
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers a broad range of materials science that has been brought to bear on providing solutions to the challenges of developing self-healing and protective coatings for a range of metals. The book has a strong emphasis on characterisation techniques, particularly new techniques that are beginning to be used in the coatings area. It features many contributions written by experts from various industrial sectors which examine the needs of the sectors and the state of the art. The development of self-healing and protective coatings has been an expanding field in recent years and applies a lot of new knowledge gained from other fields as well as other areas of materials science to the development of coatings. It has borrowed from fields such as the food and pharmaceutical industries who have used, polymer techniques, sol-gel science and colloidosome technology for a range encapsulation techniques. It has also borrowed from fields like hydrogen storage such as from the development of hierarchical and other materials based on organic templating as “nanocontainers” for the delivery of inhibitors. In materials science, recent developments in high throughput and other characterisation techniques, such as those available from synchrotrons, are being increasing used for novel characterisation – one only needs to look at the application of these techniques in self healing polymers to gauge wealth of new information that has been gained from these techniques. This work is largely driven by the need to replace environmental pollutants and hazardous chemicals that represent risk to humans such as chromate inhibitors which are still used in some applications.

Green Corrosion Inhibitors

Green Corrosion Inhibitors Book
Author : V. S. Sastri
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-02-14
ISBN : 111801541X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A book to cover developments in corrosion inhibitors is long overdue. This has been addressed by Dr Sastri in a book which presents fundamental aspects of corrosion inhibition, historical developments and the industrial applications of inhibitors. The book deals with the electrochemical principles and chemical aspects of corrosion inhibition, such as stability of metal complexes, the Hammett equation, hard and soft acid and base principle, quantum chemical aspects and Hansch' s model and also with the various surface analysis techniques, e.g. XPS, Auger, SIMS and Raman spectroscopy, that are used in industry for corrosion inhibition. The applications of corrosion inhibition are wide ranging. Examples given in this book include: oil and gas wells, petrochemical plants, steel reinforced cement, water cooling systems, and many more. The final chapters discuss economic and environmental considerations which are now of prime importance. The book is written for researchers in academia and industry, practicing corrosion engineers and students of materials science, engineering and applied chemistry.

Rare Earth Hydroxycinnamates and Hydroxycinnamate derivative Complexes as Corrosion Inhibitors

Rare Earth Hydroxycinnamates and Hydroxycinnamate derivative Complexes as Corrosion Inhibitors Book
Author : Woei Yen Winnie Lee
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This thesis describes the synthesis and characterisation of rare earth n-hydroxycinnamate (n-HOc), 3-(n`-hydroxyphenyl) propionate (n-hpp) and (E)-3-(n`-pyridyl)acrylate (n-pya)complexes (n = 2-4). The corrosion inhibition properties for mild steel in an aqueous environment are assessed for a selection of these complexes, representative of each of the ligand systems. In Chapter 2, a crystal structure for the complex [Ce(4HOc)4(H2O)(MeOH)2].(MeOH) was determined. The compounds La(4HOc)3(H2O)4, Pr(4HOc)3(H2O)3 and Pr(4HOc)3(H2O)4 were also obtained complementing the rare earth-4HOc complexes previously prepared. Powder XRD, analysis together with elemental analysis and TGA analysis of these compounds indicate that their structural profile are independent from the extents of hydration. In accordance with the aim of this study to investigate the influence of the hydroxy-substitution position on the cinnamates, two further series of rare earth complexes, namely with 3-hydroxycinnamate and 2-hydroxycinnamate ligands were also prepared. The[RE(3HOc)3(H2O)n].x(H2O) (RE = La and Ce, n = 2, x = 0.5; RE = Pr-Nd, Gd, Er, and Y, n =1, x = 1) complexes were analogous (based on unit cell data and powder XRD analysis) across the RE elements except Lu2(3HOc)5(OH)(H2O)6 which showed slight differences in the powder XRD. A ferric compound was also obtained, Fe2(3HOc)3(OH)3(H2O)2, and is the only non-rare earth compound in the thesis. The RE-2HOc compounds obtained can be grouped as follows, (Group I) [Ln(2HOc)3(H2O)].2(MeOH) (RE = La and Pr), (Group II)Ce(2HOc)3(H2O)5.5, (Group III) [Pr2(2HOc)5(OH)(H2O)2].4(H2O), (Group IV)Ln(2HOc)3(H2O)3, (Group V) [Gd(2HOc)3(solv)2]2.x(solv) (solv = MeOH and/or H2O; x = 0or 6) and [Er(2HOc)3(H2O)2]2.10(H2O), and (Group VI) [RE(2HOc)3(H2O)2]2.x(solv) (RE =Gd, x(solv) = 2H2O, 4MeOH; RE = Er, x(solv) = 10H2O; RE = Y, x(solv) = 2H2O). Three crystal structures were determined for this series of complexes,[RE(2HOc)3(MeOH)2]2.x(MeOH) (RE = Gd, x = 6; RE = Er, x = 5) (Group V), and[Er(2HOc)3(H2O)2]2.10(H2O) (Group VI).Chapter 3 contains a first report for the exciting new RE 3-(n`-hydroxyphenyl) propionate complexes (n = 2 and 4). This chapter investigates the influence on the structural chemistry of the RE complexes when the the -CH=CH- linker in the carboxylate ligand is reduced to aflexible -CH2-CH2- linker. The lanthanoid contraction is evident across the RE-4hpp andRE-2hpp complex series. There are two types of RE-4hpp (RE = La, Ce-Nd, Ho and Lu)complexes showing six different structural motifs across the series. Type I is monometallic with the complexes [La4(4hpp)12(H2O)6].4(H2O), [Ce(4hpp)3(H2O)][Ce(4hpp)3(H2O)2].(H2O).2.5(EtOH), [Ho(4hpp)3(H2O)2] and[Lu(4hpp)3].(H2O). The Type II complexes, [NaRE2(4hpp)7(H2O)2].3(H2O) (RE = Ce and Pr)and [NaNd2(4hpp)7(H2O)(MeOH)].(H2O).3(MeOH), are bimetallic. Five structural motifs are observed for the RE-2hpp (RE = La, Ce-Pr, Gd and Lu) complexes with the general composition [RE(2hpp)3(H2O)n].(H2O) (RE = Ce and Pr, n = 1; RE = La, Gd and Lu, n = 2).A second lutetium complex, [Lu2(2hpp)6(H2O)4].[Lu(2hpp)3(H2O)2].9(H2O).(MeOH) was also identified. The effect of the replacement of the phenyl-ring of the hydroxycinnamates by a pyridyl-ring is reported in Chapter 4. The [RE(4pya)3(H2O)2].x(solv) (RE = La, Pr, Sm and Y; solv = H2O/MeOH) complexes and [Lu(4pya)3(MeOH)2].3(H2O) complex are obtained. For the RE- 2pya series, the complexes [RE(2pya)3(H2O)2].x(H2O) (RE = La, Pr and Sm) and [RE(2pya)3].2(H2O) (RE = Ho and Lu) were obtained. Two PrIII crystal structures were determined for the complexes [Pr(4pya)3(H2O)2].(H2O).(MeOH) and[Pr(2pya)3(H2O)2].4(H2O). The latter complexes have never been reported before. Finally, Chapter 5 involves the screening of selected rare earth carboxylate complexes reported in Chapters 2, 3 and 4 for their corrosion inhibition properties for mild steel in 0.01M NaCl solution. Immersion tests were carried out as initial screenings and electrochemical measurements were also made. The effect of the different derivatisation of the hydroxycinnamate ligand in the rare earth complexes was investigated. The La(3HOc)3(H2O)4 complex was determined to have the best performance. The combined data obtained from the immersion tests and electrochemical measurements found that the -CH=CH- linker and the hydroxyphenyl-ring are essential functionalities for effective corrosion mitigation by the rare earth hydroxycinnamate-type complexes.

Theory and Applications of Green Corrosion Inhibitors

Theory and Applications of Green Corrosion Inhibitors Book
Author : Inamuddin
Publisher : Materials Research Forum LLC
Release : 2021-01-05
ISBN : 1644901056
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book presents theoretical insights, characterization tools and mechanisms of green corrosion inhibitors and their industrial applications in areas such as reinforced concrete, coating, aircraft, oil and gas, acid pickling, water industry and the protection of metals and alloys used in electronic devices. Keywords: Biocorrosion Prevention, Green Corrosion Inhibitors, Corrosion Prevention of Metals & Alloys, Corrosion Inhibitors for Concrete, Corrosion Prevention for Electronic Devices, Biological Wastes, Biodegradable Plants, Smart Coatings, Quantum Chemistry, Molecular Dynamics, Simulation, Quantitative Structure Activity Relationship (QSAR), Pyrazine Corrosion Inhibitors.

Conversion Coatings for Magnesium and Its Alloys

Conversion Coatings for Magnesium and Its Alloys Book
Author : Viswanathan S. Saji,T. S. N. Sankara Narayanan,Xiaobo Chen (Researcher in materials science and engineering)
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022
ISBN : 3030899764
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers fundamentals and recent advancements on conversion coatings for magnesium and its alloys. The contents are presented in two sections, respectively dealing with chemical and electrochemical conversion coatings. The chemical conversion coating section is further subdivided into inorganic conversion coatings, organic conversion coatings and advanced approaches/coatings. The section on electrochemical conversion coatings spans from fundamentals to state-of-the-art progress on electrochemical anodization and plasma electrolytic oxidation of magnesium and its alloys. Collects a range of chapters covering all aspects of chemical and electrochemical conversion coatings for magnesium alloys to improve their corrosion resistance and biocompatibility Stands as the first book dedicated exclusively for conversion coatings on magnesium alloys Serves as a ready reference for graduate students, researchers, and practitioners in multiple industries .

New Pigments and Additives for Corrosion Protection by Organic Coatings

New Pigments and Additives for Corrosion Protection by Organic Coatings Book
Author : Flavio Deflorian,Michele Fedel,Victoria Johnston Gelling
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2020-12-11
ISBN : 2889662136
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download New Pigments and Additives for Corrosion Protection by Organic Coatings book written by Flavio Deflorian,Michele Fedel,Victoria Johnston Gelling, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Recent Advances in Smart Self healing Polymers and Composites

Recent Advances in Smart Self healing Polymers and Composites Book
Author : Guoqiang Li,Harper Meng
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-06-01
ISBN : 1782422927
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent Advances in Smart Self-Healing Polymers and Composites examines the advances made in smart materials over the last few decades and their significant applications in aerospace, automotive, civil, mechanical, medical, and communication engineering fields. Based on a thorough review of the literature, the book identifies “smart self-healing polymers and composites as one of the most popular, challenging, and promising areas of research. Readers will find valuable information compiled by a large pool of researchers who not only studied the latest datasets, but also reached out to leading contributors for insights and forward-thinking analogies. Examines the advances made in smart materials over the last few decades Presents significant applications in aerospace, automotive, civil, mechanical, medical, and communication engineering fields Compiled by a large pool of researchers who not only studied the latest datasets, but also reached out to leading contributors for insights and forward-thinking analogies

Self Healing Polymer Based Systems

Self Healing Polymer Based Systems Book
Author : Sabu Thomas,Anu Surendran
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-07-11
ISBN : 0128184515
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Self-Healing Polymer-Based Systems presents all aspects of self-healing polymeric materials, offering detailed information on fundamentals, preparation methods, technology, and applications, and drawing on the latest state-of-the-art research. The book begins by introducing self-healing polymeric systems, with a thorough explanation of underlying concepts, challenges, mechanisms, kinetic and thermodynamics, and types of chemistry involved. The second part of the book studies the main categories of self-healing polymeric material, examining elastomer-based, thermoplastic-based, and thermoset-based materials in turn. This is followed by a series of chapters that examine the very latest advances, including nanoparticles, coatings, shape memory, self-healing biomaterials, ionomers, supramolecular polymers, photoinduced and thermally induced self-healing, healing efficiency, life cycle analysis, and characterization. Finally, novel applications are presented and explained. This book serves as an essential resource for academic researchers, scientists, and graduate students in the areas of polymer properties, self-healing materials, polymer science, polymer chemistry, and materials science. In industry, this book contains highly valuable information for R&D professionals, designers, and engineers, who are looking to incorporate self-healing properties in their materials, products, or components. Provides comprehensive coverage of self-healing polymeric materials, covering principles, techniques, and applications Includes the very latest developments in the field, such as the role of nanofillers in healing, life cycle analysis of materials, and shape memory assisted healing Enables the reader to unlock the potential of self-healing polymeric materials for a range of advanced applications

Encyclopedia of Interfacial Chemistry

Encyclopedia of Interfacial Chemistry Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-03-29
ISBN : 0128098945
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Encyclopedia of Interfacial Chemistry: Surface Science and Electrochemistry summarizes current, fundamental knowledge of interfacial chemistry, bringing readers the latest developments in the field. As the chemical and physical properties and processes at solid and liquid interfaces are the scientific basis of so many technologies which enhance our lives and create new opportunities, its important to highlight how these technologies enable the design and optimization of functional materials for heterogeneous and electro-catalysts in food production, pollution control, energy conversion and storage, medical applications requiring biocompatibility, drug delivery, and more. This book provides an interdisciplinary view that lies at the intersection of these fields. Presents fundamental knowledge of interfacial chemistry, surface science and electrochemistry and provides cutting-edge research from academics and practitioners across various fields and global regions

Rare Earth Metal Cinnamate Compounds for Corrosion Inhibition of Mild Steel

Rare Earth Metal Cinnamate Compounds for Corrosion Inhibition of Mild Steel Book
Author : Frédéric Blin
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Rare Earth Metal Cinnamate Compounds for Corrosion Inhibition of Mild Steel book written by Frédéric Blin, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Green Corrosion Inhibitors

Green Corrosion Inhibitors Book
Author : Abd El-Aziz Fouda,Dalia Eid
Publisher : LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
Release : 2012
ISBN : 9783848496303
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book reports the literature survey of the corrosion inhibition of iron in different media. and the use of rare earth metals as green corrosion inhibitors for iron in clear and polluted sodium chloride solutions. Several electrochemical techniques were used, such as potentiodynamic polarization, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and the recent one electrochemical frequency modulation (EFM). The surface of iron specimens were examined using scanning electron microscope (SEM) and Energy disperse X-ray (EDX) techniques. The adsorption isotherm was determined. The effect of temperature was studied in order to determine whether the adsorption of rare earth metals on iron surface was physically or chemically and to determine some thermodynamic parameters such as energy of activation, enthalpy of activation and entropy of activation. The different tecniques used gave good agreement.

Inorganic Anticorrosive Materials

Inorganic Anticorrosive Materials Book
Author : Chandrabhan Verma,Jeenat Aslam,Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-11-24
ISBN : 0323904114
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Inorganic Anticorrosive Materials (IAMs): Past, Present, and Future Perspectives covers the anticorrosive effects of?inorganic materials and metal?oxides in particular. The book?presents?the?latest?developments?in corrosion inhibition and?discusses?future opportunities.?It?also addresses?the fundamental characteristics, synthesis, inhibition mechanisms,?and applications of?metal oxides as?corrosion inhibitors in industry?and provides a chronological overview of the growth of the field.?The book concludes with discussions about commercialization and economics. This book is an indispensable reference for scholars, chemical engineers, chemists, and materials scientists working in research and development and in academia who require comprehensive knowledge of corrosion-inhibition mechanisms. Utilizes metal oxides as corrosion inhibitors for usage in modern industrial platforms Evaluates corrosion inhibitors as prime options for sustainable and transformational opportunities Provides up-to-date reference materials, including websites of interest and information about ongoing research

Lanthanides And Actinides The Synthesis Reactivity Properties And Applications

Lanthanides And Actinides  The  Synthesis  Reactivity  Properties And Applications Book
Author : Stephen T Liddle,David P Mills,Louise Sarah Natrajan
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2021-12-30
ISBN : 1800610173
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Lanthanides and Actinides: Synthesis, Reactivity, Properties and Applications constitutes an introduction to and comprehensive coverage of f-block chemistry encompassing the following areas: periodicity, natural occurrence and extraction, separations, electronic structure, coordination chemistry, organometallic chemistry, small molecule activation, catalysis, organic synthesis applications, magnetism, spectroscopy, computation, materials, photonics, solar cell technology, biological imaging, and technological applications. Under these subject areas the book provides a broad but deep coverage, providing basic overviews as well as detailed chapters on specific areas.This book, targeted at academics, postgraduates and advanced undergraduates, will serve as an ideal introductory text and key reference work to the Lanthanides and Actinides.

Corrosion and Protection of Materials

Corrosion and Protection of Materials Book
Author : Marina Cabrini
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2021-04-06
ISBN : 3036502904
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains thirty articles on various topics related to the corrosion and protection of metallic materials. This topic is of strong actuality both due to the aging of plants and infrastructures that require checks and maintenance, and to the use of traditional materials in increasingly aggressive environments, added to the need of changing the current anti-corrosion systems with less environmental impact methods. Finally, the new development of innovative materials, such as additive manufacturing or high-entropy alloys, needs the characterization of their corrosion behavior. In this issue, there are works on new alloys obtained for additive manufacturing or high entropy, on the study of corrosion and stress corrosion cracking and hydrogen embrittlement mechanisms, through electrochemical and microscopical techniques, studies on low environmental impact inhibitors and biocides, as well as ceramic and metal protective coatings. Finally, there are works on the study of the residual mechanical resistance of corroded infrastructures and on monitoring and non-destructive control. In this way, the book therefore offers a somewhat varied panorama of research trends in the field.

Underground Pipeline Corrosion

Underground Pipeline Corrosion Book
Author : Mark Orazem
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-02-17
ISBN : 0857099264
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Underground pipelines transporting liquid petroleum products and natural gas are critical components of civil infrastructure, making corrosion prevention an essential part of asset-protection strategy. Underground Pipeline Corrosion provides a basic understanding of the problems associated with corrosion detection and mitigation, and of the state of the art in corrosion prevention. The topics covered in part one include: basic principles for corrosion in underground pipelines, AC-induced corrosion of underground pipelines, significance of corrosion in onshore oil and gas pipelines, numerical simulations for cathodic protection of pipelines, and use of corrosion inhibitors in managing corrosion in underground pipelines. The methods described in part two for detecting corrosion in underground pipelines include: magnetic flux leakage, close interval potential surveys (CIS/CIPS), Pearson surveys, in-line inspection, and use of both electrochemical and optical probes. While the emphasis is on pipelines transporting fossil fuels, the concepts apply as well to metallic pipes for delivery of water and other liquids. Underground Pipeline Corrosion is a comprehensive resource for corrosion, materials, chemical, petroleum, and civil engineers constructing or managing both onshore and offshore pipeline assets; professionals in steel and coating companies; and academic researchers and professors with an interest in corrosion and pipeline engineering. Reviews the causes and considers the detection and prevention of corrosion to underground pipes Addresses a lack of current, readily available information on the subject Case studies demonstrate how corrosion is managed in the underground pipeline industry

Frontiers of Materials Research

Frontiers of Materials Research Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Physics and Astronomy,National Materials and Manufacturing Board,Committee on Frontiers of Materials Research: A Decadal Survey
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2019-09-12
ISBN : 0309483875
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modern materials science builds on knowledge from physics, chemistry, biology, mathematics, computer and data science, and engineering sciences to enable us to understand, control, and expand the material world. Although it is anchored in inquiry-based fundamental science, materials research is strongly focused on discovering and producing reliable and economically viable materials, from super alloys to polymer composites, that are used in a vast array of products essential to today's societies and economies. Frontiers of Materials Research: A Decadal Survey is aimed at documenting the status and promising future directions of materials research in the United States in the context of similar efforts worldwide. This third decadal survey in materials research reviews the progress and achievements in materials research and changes in the materials research landscape over the last decade; research opportunities for investment for the period 2020-2030; impacts that materials research has had and is expected to have on emerging technologies, national needs, and science; and challenges the enterprise may face over the next decade.