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Rare Earth And Transition Metal Doping Of Semiconductor Materials

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Rare Earth and Transition Metal Doping of Semiconductor Materials

Rare Earth and Transition Metal Doping of Semiconductor Materials Book
Author : Volkmar Dierolf,Ian Ferguson,John M Zavada
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-01-23
ISBN : 008100060X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Rare Earth and Transition Metal Doping of Semiconductor Material explores traditional semiconductor devices that are based on control of the electron’s electric charge. This book looks at the semiconductor materials used for spintronics applications, in particular focusing on wide band-gap semiconductors doped with transition metals and rare earths. These materials are of particular commercial interest because their spin can be controlled at room temperature, a clear opposition to the most previous research on Gallium Arsenide, which allowed for control of spins at supercold temperatures. Part One of the book explains the theory of magnetism in semiconductors, while Part Two covers the growth of semiconductors for spintronics. Finally, Part Three looks at the characterization and properties of semiconductors for spintronics, with Part Four exploring the devices and the future direction of spintronics. Examines materials which are of commercial interest for producing smaller, faster, and more power-efficient computers and other devices Analyzes the theory behind magnetism in semiconductors and the growth of semiconductors for spintronics Details the properties of semiconductors for spintronics

Advanced Rare Earth Based Ceramic Nanomaterials

Advanced Rare Earth Based Ceramic Nanomaterials Book
Author : Sahar Zinatloo-Ajabshir
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-01-15
ISBN : 0323899587
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced Rare Earth-Based Ceramic Nanomaterials focuses on recent advances related to preparation methods and applications of advanced rare earth-based ceramic nanomaterials. Different approaches for synthesizing rare earth-based ceramic nanomaterials are discussed, along with their advantages and disadvantages for applications in various fields. Sections cover rare earth-based ceramic nanomaterials like ceria and rare earth oxides (R2O3), rare earth vanadates, rare earth titanates, rare earth zirconates, rare earth stannates, rare earth-based tungstates, rare earth-based manganites, ferrites, cobaltites, nickelates, rare earth doped semiconductor nanomaterials, rare earth molybdates, rare earth-based nanocomposites, rare earth-based compounds for solar cells, and laser nanomaterials based on rare-earth compounds. Reviews the chemistry and processing of rare earth doped ceramic nanomaterials and their characteristics and applications Covers a broad range of materials, including ceria and rare earth oxides (R2O3), vanadates, titanates, zirconates, stannates, tungstates, manganites, ferrites, cobaltites, nickelates, rare earth doped semiconductor nanomaterials, rare earth molybdates, rare earth-based nanocomposites, rare earth-based compounds for solar cells, and laser nanomaterials based on rare-earth compounds Includes different approaches to synthesizing each family of rare earth-based ceramic nanomaterials, along with their advantages and disadvantages Provides green chemistry-based methods for the preparation of advanced rare earth-based ceramic nanomaterials

Handbook of Greener Synthesis of Nanomaterials and Compounds

Handbook of Greener Synthesis of Nanomaterials and Compounds Book
Author : Boris I. Kharisov,Oxana V. Kharissova
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-04-07
ISBN : 0128224479
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modern techniques to produce nanoparticles, nanomaterials, and nanocomposites are based on approaches that frequently involve high costs, inefficiencies, and negative environmental impacts. As such, there has been a real drive to develop and apply approaches that are more efficient and benign. The Handbook of Greener Synthesis of Nanomaterials and Compounds provides a comprehensive review of developments in this field, combining foundational green and nano-chemistry with the key information researchers need to assess, select and apply the most appropriate green synthesis approaches to their own work. Volume 2: Synthesis at the Macroscale and Nanoscale explores synthesis at different scales. Beginning with a selection of chapters discussing a range of macroscale topics, the book goes on to explore such important areas as metal nanoparticle synthesis, biogenic synthesis, and synthesis of enzymes. Further chapters explore the role of Metal Organic Frameworks in greener synthesis, synthesis from renewable sources, and impacts of nanomaterials synthesized by greener methods. Discusses the synthesis of widely different groups of chemical compounds and distinct materials Reviews synthesis at both the macro and nanoscales, including information on metal-organic frameworks, carbon dots and ionic liquids Provides examples of applications to support learning and guide implementation of theory in practice

Optical Properties and Applications of Semiconductors

Optical Properties and Applications of Semiconductors Book
Author : Inamuddin,Mohd Imran Ahamed,Rajender Boddula,Tariq Altalhi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2022-07-18
ISBN : 1000598977
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Semiconductors with optical characteristics have found widespread use in evolving semiconductor photovoltaics, where optical features are important. The industrialization of semiconductors and their allied applications have paved the way for optical measurement techniques to be used in new ways. Due to their unique properties, semiconductors are key components in the daily employed technologies in healthcare, computing, communications, green energy, and a range of other uses. This book examines the fundamental optical properties and applications of semiconductors. It summarizes the information as well as the optical characteristics and applicability of semiconductors through an in-depth review of the literature. Accomplished experts in the field share their knowledge and examine new developments. FEATURES Comprehensive coverage of all types of optical applications using semiconductors Explores relevant composite materials and devices for each application Addresses the optical properties of crystalline and amorphous semiconductors Describes new developments in the field and future potential applications Optical Properties and Applications of Semiconductors is a comprehensive reference and an invaluable resource for engineers, scientists, academics, and industry R&D teams working in applied physics.

Spintronic 2D Materials

Spintronic 2D Materials Book
Author : Wenqing Liu,Yongbing Xu
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2019-11-28
ISBN : 0081021550
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Spintronic 2D Materials: Fundamentals and Applications provides an overview of the fundamental theory of 2D electronic systems that includes a selection of the most intensively investigated 2D materials. The book tells the story of 2D spintronics in a systematic and comprehensive way, providing the growing community of spintronics researchers with a key reference. Part One addresses the fundamental theoretical aspects of 2D materials and spin transport, while Parts Two through Four explore 2D material systems, including graphene, topological insulators, and transition metal dichalcogenides. Each section discusses properties, key issues and recent developments. In addition, the material growth method (from lab to mass production), device fabrication and characterization techniques are included throughout the book. Discusses the fundamentals and applications of spintronics of 2D materials, such as graphene, topological insulators and transition metal dichalcogenides Includes an in-depth look at each materials system, from material growth, device fabrication and characterization techniques Presents the latest solutions on key challenges, such as the spin lifetime of 2D materials, spin-injection efficiency, the potential proximity effects, and much more

Optical Interconnects for Data Centers

Optical Interconnects for Data Centers Book
Author : Tolga Tekin,Nikos Pleros,Richard Pitwon,Andreas Hakansson
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-11-01
ISBN : 008100513X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Current data centre networks, based on electronic packet switches, are experiencing an exponential increase in network traffic due to developments such as cloud computing. Optical interconnects have emerged as a promising alternative offering high throughput and reduced power consumption. Optical Interconnects for Data Centers reviews key developments in the use of optical interconnects in data centres and the current state of the art in transforming this technology into a reality. The book discusses developments in optical materials and components (such as single and multi-mode waveguides), circuit boards and ways the technology can be deployed in data centres. Optical Interconnects for Data Centers is a key reference text for electronics designers, optical engineers, communications engineers and R&D managers working in the communications and electronics industries as well as postgraduate researchers. Summarizes the state-of-the-art in this emerging field Presents a comprehensive review of all the key aspects of deploying optical interconnects in data centers, from materials and components, to circuit boards and methods for integration Contains contributions that are drawn from leading international experts on the topic

Handbook of Luminescent Semiconductor Materials

Handbook of Luminescent Semiconductor Materials Book
Author : Leah Bergman,Jeanne L. McHale
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-04-19
ISBN : 1439834806
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Photoluminescence spectroscopy is an important approach for examining the optical interactions in semiconductors and optical devices with the goal of gaining insight into material properties. With contributions from researchers at the forefront of this field, Handbook of Luminescent Semiconductor Materials explores the use of this technique to study semiconductor materials in a variety of applications, including solid-state lighting, solar energy conversion, optical devices, and biological imaging. After introducing basic semiconductor theory and photoluminescence principles, the book focuses on the optical properties of wide-bandgap semiconductors, such as AlN, GaN, and ZnO. It then presents research on narrow-bandgap semiconductors and solid-state lighting. The book also covers the optical properties of semiconductors in the nanoscale regime, including quantum dots and nanocrystals. This handbook explains how photoluminescence spectroscopy is a powerful and practical analytical tool for revealing the fundamentals of light interaction and, thus, the optical properties of semiconductors. The book shows how luminescent semiconductors are used in lasers, photodiodes, infrared detectors, light-emitting diodes, solid-state lamps, solar energy, and biological imaging.

Micro Nano Optics and Photocatalysis Materials Devices and Applications

Micro Nano Optics and Photocatalysis Materials  Devices  and Applications Book
Author : Shifa Wang,Hua Yang,Zao Yi,Steven Wu,Tao Xian
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2022-09-16
ISBN : 2889769844
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Micro Nano Optics and Photocatalysis Materials Devices and Applications book written by Shifa Wang,Hua Yang,Zao Yi,Steven Wu,Tao Xian, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Multifunctional Hybrid Nanomaterials for Sustainable Agri food and Ecosystems

Multifunctional Hybrid Nanomaterials for Sustainable Agri food and Ecosystems Book
Author : Kamel A. Abd-Elsalam
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-03-30
ISBN : 0128213590
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Multifunctional Hybrid Nanomaterials for Sustainable Agrifood and Ecosystems shows how hybrid nanomaterials (HNMs) are being used to enhance agriculture, food and environmental science. The book discusses the synthesis and characterization of HNMs before exploring agrifoods and environmental functions. It shows how novel HNMs are being used for the detection and separation of heavy metal ions, for destroying and sensing of insecticides, in managed release fertilizer and pesticide formulations, plant protection, plant promotions, purification, detection, and to control mycotoxins. Further, the book describes the use of silica-based total nanosystems, carbon nanotubes, nanocellulose-based, and polymer nanohybrids for agricultural and biological applications. This book is an important reference source for materials scientists, engineers and food scientists who want to gain a greater understanding on how multifunctional nanomaterials are being used for a range of agricultural and environmental applications. Outlines the major nanomaterial types that are being used in agriculture Explains why the properties of multifunctional nanomaterials are particularly efficient for use in agriculture Assesses the major challenges of using multifunctional nanomaterials on an industrial scale

Alkaline Earth Metals Advances in Research and Application 2013 Edition

Alkaline Earth Metals   Advances in Research and Application  2013 Edition Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
Release : 2013-06-21
ISBN : 1481672428
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Alkaline Earth Metals—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ book that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Barium. The editors have built Alkaline Earth Metals—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Barium in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Alkaline Earth Metals—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Nanotechnologies in Food and Agriculture

Nanotechnologies in Food and Agriculture Book
Author : Mahendra Rai,Caue Ribeiro,Luiz Mattoso,Nelson Duran
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-03-31
ISBN : 3319140248
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a comprehensive overview of new and emerging nanotechnologies. It includes aspects of nanoparticle monitoring, toxicity, and public perception, and covers applications that address both crop growing and treatment of agricultural wastewater. Topics include nanoagrochemicals (nanofertilizers, -pesticides, -herbicides), nanobiosensors, and nanotechnologies for food processing, packaging, and storage, crop improvement and plant disease control. The group of expert authors is led by an experienced team of editors.

Electronic Magnetic and Optical Materials Second Edition

Electronic  Magnetic  and Optical Materials  Second Edition Book
Author : Pradeep Fulay,Jung-Kun Lee
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-11-18
ISBN : 1498701736
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book integrates materials science with other engineering subjects such as physics, chemistry and electrical engineering. The authors discuss devices and technologies used by the electronics, magnetics and photonics industries and offer a perspective on the manufacturing technologies used in device fabrication. The new addition includes chapters on optical properties and devices and addresses nanoscale phenomena and nanoscience, a subject that has made significant progress in the past decade regarding the fabrication of various materials and devices with nanometer-scale features.

Amorphous Oxide Semiconductors

Amorphous Oxide Semiconductors Book
Author : Hideo Hosono,Hideya Kumomi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2022-05-31
ISBN : 1119715571
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

AMORPHOUS OXIDE SEMICONDUCTORS A singular resource on amorphous oxide semiconductors edited by a world-recognized pioneer in the field In Amorphous Oxide Semiconductors: IGZO and Related Materials for Display and Memory, the Editors deliver a comprehensive account of the current status of—and latest developments in—transparent oxide semiconductor technology. With contributions from leading international researchers and exponents in the field, this edited volume covers physical fundamentals, thin-film transistor applications, processing, circuits and device simulation, display and memory applications, and new materials relevant to amorphous oxide semiconductors. The book makes extensive use of structural diagrams of materials, energy level and energy band diagrams, device structure illustrations, and graphs of device transfer characteristics, photographs and micrographs to help illustrate the concepts discussed within. It also includes: A thorough introduction to amorphous oxide semiconductors, including discussions of commercial demand, common challenges faced during their manufacture, and materials design Comprehensive explorations of the electronic structure of amorphous oxide semiconductors, structural randomness, doping limits, and defects Practical discussions of amorphous oxide semiconductor processing, including oxide materials and interfaces for application and solution-process metal oxide semiconductors for flexible electronics In-depth examinations of thin film transistors (TFTs), including the trade-off relationship between mobility and reliability in oxide TFTs Perfect for practicing scientists, engineers, and device technologists working with transparent semiconductor systems, Amorphous Oxide Semiconductors: IGZO and Related Materials for Display and Memory will also earn a place in the libraries of students studying oxides and other non-classical and innovative semiconductor devices. WILEY SID Series in Display Technology Series Editor: Ian Sage, Abelian Services, Malvern, UK The Society for Information Display (SID) is an international society which has the aim of encouraging the development of all aspects of the field of information display. Complementary to the aims of the society, the Wiley-SID series is intended to explain the latest developments in information display technology at a professional level. The broad scope of the series addresses all facets of information displays from technical aspects through systems and prototypes to standards and ergonomics.

Magnetic Materials and Magnetic Levitation

Magnetic Materials and Magnetic Levitation Book
Author : Dipti Ranjan Sahu,Vasilios N. Stavrou
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2021-03-24
ISBN : 1839621605
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Magnetic materials are important materials for high-tech areas and technological development, which are being classified not only based on their origin but also by the nature of processing, properties, functions, and applications. This book presents an overview of the different types of new magnetic materials and hybrid structures that exhibit different magnetic phenomena and interesting properties. The reported materials are studied theoretically and experimentally, which are the building blocks of all technological innovations. Topics such as magnetic levitation are given for industrial applications. The chapters of the book provide a key description of magnetic materials. This book is suitable for undergraduate and graduate students and professionals including engineers, scientists, researchers, technicians, and technology managers. This book gives an idea to readers for scientific innovation in this field.

Nanocomposites

Nanocomposites Book
Author : Subbarayan Sivasankaran
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2019-01-23
ISBN : 1789850118
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

To have unimaginably outstanding useful properties (physical, mechanical, electrical, optical, chemical, and magnetic) in a single material design is a highly challenging task in the material science community, which can be achieved through nanocomposites. These nanocomposites can be produced from all conventional materials, which include polymers, metals/alloys, and ceramics, by modifying their internal structures. Due to modification of the structures of all kinds of conventional materials, at either the nano or ultra-fine level, the materials exhibit superior performance, which is a boon for all fields of science. In general, nanocomposite materials can be manufactured by solid-state processing techniques, liquid metallurgy, ex-situ and in-situ powder metallurgy, and other basic science synthesis routes. Furthermore, the possibility of making environmentally friendly materials is also possible with nanotechnology. Therefore, to investigate and demonstrate developments in the field of nanocomposites, this book is targeted at all the scientific personnel working in this field.

Air Force Research Resum s

Air Force Research Resum  s Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2022-10-05
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Air Force Research Resum s book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Photocatalytic Degradation of Dyes

Photocatalytic Degradation of Dyes Book
Author : Sushma Dave,Jayashankar Das,Maulin P. Shah
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-08-09
ISBN : 0128242027
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Photocatalytic Degradation of Dyes: Current Trends and Future Perspectives covers in detail current trends and future aspects on photocatalytic degradation of organic dyes using novel photocatalytic techniques such as metallic nanoparticles, heterogeneous and hybrid systems using visible light irradiation. It highlights the most recent scientific and technological achievements and importance of degradation of dyes in the textile effluent by simple environmental friendly approaches using eco-friendly catalysts. It is of assistance to everyone interested in bioremediation of effluents: professionals, consulting engineers, academicians, and research scholars as well. Describes the basic photocatalytic techniques and their application in wastewater treatment Covers the key reactive species accounting for the photodegradation of different dyes, providing helpful guidelines that could be applied to foster the development of efficient photodegradation systems Includes Description of a wide variety of catalysts and their application in degradation of dyes in the effluent of variable matrices (such as textile effluent, pharmaceutical industry effluent, food industry effluent) Presents the application of doped semiconductors in the degradation of dyes, hybrid systems and their importance in the dye degradation Describes the biological synthesis of metallic nanostructures and their use in dye degradation using visible range of light irradiation Discusses the mechanistic aspect of the dye degradation using photo catalysts

Semiconductor Materials

Semiconductor Materials Book
Author : B.G. Yacobi
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-04-18
ISBN : 0306479427
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The technological progress is closely related to the developments of various materials and tools made of those materials. Even the different ages have been defined in relation to the materials used. Some of the major attributes of the present-day age (i.e., the electronic materials’ age) are such common tools as computers and fiber-optic telecommunication systems, in which semiconductor materials provide vital components for various mic- electronic and optoelectronic devices in applications such as computing, memory storage, and communication. The field of semiconductors encompasses a variety of disciplines. This book is not intended to provide a comprehensive description of a wide range of semiconductor properties or of a continually increasing number of the semiconductor device applications. Rather, the main purpose of this book is to provide an introductory perspective on the basic principles of semiconductor materials and their applications that are described in a relatively concise format in a single volume. Thus, this book should especially be suitable as an introductory text for a single course on semiconductor materials that may be taken by both undergraduate and graduate engineering students. This book should also be useful, as a concise reference on semiconductor materials, for researchers working in a wide variety of fields in physical and engineering sciences.

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1994
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Perovskite Materials for Energy and Environmental Applications

Perovskite Materials for Energy and Environmental Applications Book
Author : Khursheed Ahmad,Waseem Raza
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2022-06-15
ISBN : 1119760275
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

PEROVSKITE MATERIALS FOR ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL APPLICATIONS The book provides a state-of-the-art summary and discussion about the recent progress in the development and engineering of perovskite solar cells materials along with the future directions it might take. Among all 3rd generation solar cells, perovskite solar cells have recently been attracting much attention and have also emerged as a hot research area of competing materials for silicon PV due to their easy fabrication, long charge-carrier lifetime, low binding energy, low defect density, and low cost. This book focuses primarily on the perovskite structures and utilizes them in modern technologies of photovoltaics and environmental applications. It will be unique in terms of the use of perovskite structures in solar cell applications. This book also discusses the type of perovskites, their synthetic approach, and environmental and solar cell applications. The book also covers how perovskite solar cells originated and the recent advances in perovskite solar cells. The reader will find in this book a lucid account that: Introduces the history of perovskite materials. Explores perovskite materials for energy conversion and environmental-related applications. Covers perovskite light absorber materials for the fabrication of high-performance perovskite solar cells. Describes the device architectures and physics of perovskite solar cells. Discusses the role of perovskite absorber, electron transport, and hole transport materials layers. Audience The book is essential reading for all those in the photovoltaic community, including materials scientists, surface physicists, surface chemists, solid-state physicists, solid-state chemists, and electrical engineers.