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Rail Infrastructure Resilience

Rail Infrastructure Resilience Book
Author : Rui Calcada,Sakdirat Kaewunruen
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2021-09-15
ISBN : 9780128210420
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Economic growth, security and sustainability across Europe are at risk due to ageing railway infrastructure systems. At present, the majority of such systems are aging and some have even reached their initial design lives. These issues align with a major challenge in civil engineering: how to restore and improve urban infrastructure and built environments. Policy, environmental and physical barriers must be addressed and overcome. The complex and interconnected nature of the problem means that there is a need for academia, industry, communities and governments to work collaboratively. The challenges posed by extreme events from natural and man-made disasters are urgent. Rail Infrastructure Resilience: A Best-Practices Handbook presents developed improvement methods for rail infrastructure systems, toward resilience to extreme conditions. It shows how best to use new information in the engineering design, maintenance, construction and renewal of rail infrastructure resilience, through knowledge exchange and capability development. The book presents the outcome of a major European research project, known as the RISEN project. RISEN aimed to enhance knowledge creation and transfer using both international and intersectoral secondment mechanisms among European Advanced Rail Research Universities and SMEs, and Non-EU, leading rail universities, providing methodological approaches and practical tools for restoring and improving railway infrastructure systems for extreme events. Edited and written by members of this project, this book will be essential reading for researchers and practitioners hoping to find practical solutions to the challenges of rail infrastructure resilience. Offers a best-practices handbook for rail infrastructure resilience from the leaders in the field Paints a holistic picture of the rail transport system, showing that infrastructure maintenance intervention can be enhanced through advanced monitoring systems and resilience design Presents rail infrastructure resilience and advanced condition monitoring, allowing a better understanding of the critical maintenance, renewal and retrofit needs of railways Considers how academia, industry, communities and governments can work collaboratively in order to tackle aggregated problems in rail infrastructure resilience Presents the findings from the RISEN project, the leading European project on enhancing knowledge creation and transfer of expertise on rail infrastructure resilience

Resilience of Rail Infrastructure

Resilience of Rail Infrastructure Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Resilience of Rail Infrastructure book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Sustainable Cities and Resilience

Sustainable Cities and Resilience Book
Author : Indrajit Pal
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-12-04
ISBN : 981165543X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Sustainable Cities and Resilience book written by Indrajit Pal, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Resilience in the Planning of Rail Engineering Work

Resilience in the Planning of Rail Engineering Work Book
Author : Pedro N. P. Ferreira
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The railway industry is today broadly recognised as a complex sociotechnical system that operates under considerable pressures for increased capacity and reliability. These pressures impact across the industry, in particular on rail engineering because of its responsibility in providing and maintaining the rail infrastructure. Within rail engineering, there is a growing need to address safety and operational risks emerging from high complexity. Planning has been identified as a fundamental organisational function for the safety and efficiency of engineering work. Within this scope, this thesis recognises in the planning of rail engineering work the characteristics of complex sociotechnical systems and investigates planning activities as a part of a wider rail engineering system. Resilience engineering has been recently proposed as a safety management approach that focuses on the development of means for better coping with the variability and uncertainty inherent to large scale complex sociotechnical system. The research documented in this thesis proposes the use of a resilience engineering based approach as a way to improve the ability of the rail engineering planning system to successfully contribute to the safety and efficiency of engineering work. Overall, the purpose of this research was to describe and understand human and organisational factors of rail engineering planning, understand planning performance in view of the support it provides to work delivery, and investigate improvement to the planning system based on resilience engineering concepts. A contribution to the development of resilience engineering as a discipline was also made, mainly through the investigation of possible methods for measuring and monitoring system resilience. The thesis has taken a research approach with emphasis on extensive top-down and cross-organisational exploratory work of the engineering work planning process. This was achieved through the use of quantitative and qualitative methods, namely the analysis of archival data on operational and safety performance, interviews, observations, and a questionnaire. The integration of the researcher within Network Rail's Ergonomics National Specialist Team (NST) was fundamental for the access to a wide range of data and for the employment of a participant observation approach. The engineering work planning system is described as a complex decision making process, ranging from high level strategic business decisions down to the definition and scheduling of work delivery details. The main human and organisational factors that either hindered or facilitated planning decision making were identified and archival data were used to study planning performance. Results from these research steps were then used to support the understanding and measurement of resilience in planning. Data were interpreted in view of the resilience literature and used as basis for the investigation of potential measurement tools and system interactions with relevance for the understanding of resilience as an emergent system property. The methods used permitted a detailed description of the planning process and the identification of planning performance features within the wider frame of the rail engineering system. Human, organisational and system level factors were identified, which contributed to the understanding of planning and the identification of constraints and facilitating factors on decision making processes. Throughout the duration of this project, contributions to the development of resilience engineering and its methods were made, whilst identifying sources of resilience in the planning system and contributing to the development of measurement tools by means of a questionnaire approach. The understanding of resilience in rail engineering planning was used as a support for recommendations towards the improvement of the planning function's ability to cope with operational pressures and successfully support work delivery.

The Development Dimension Road and Rail Infrastructure in Asia Investing in Quality

The Development Dimension Road and Rail Infrastructure in Asia Investing in Quality Book
Author : OECD
Publisher : OECD Publishing
Release : 2018-10-06
ISBN : 9264302565
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Road and Rail Infrastructure in Asia: Investing in Quality discusses the challenges facing the region and possible policy options, including those previously or currently used in Emerging Asian countries, with reference to the experiences of OECD member countries.

Sustainable Solutions for Railways and Transportation Engineering

Sustainable Solutions for Railways and Transportation Engineering Book
Author : Sherif El-Badawy,Jan Valentin
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-10-27
ISBN : 303001911X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume brings together scientific experts in different areas that contribute to the railway track and transportation engineering challenges, evaluate the state-of-the-art, identify the shortcomings and opportunities for research and promote the interaction with the industry. In particular, scientific topics that are addressed in this volume include railway ballasted track degradation/settlement problems and stabilization/reinforcement technologies, switches and crossings and related derailments causes, train-induced vibrations and mitigation measures, operations, management and performance of ground transportation, and traffic congestion and safety procedures. The volume is based on the best contributions to the 2nd GeoMEast International Congress and Exhibition on Sustainable Civil Infrastructures, Egypt 2018 – The official international congress of the Soil-Structure Interaction Group in Egypt (SSIGE).

Sustainable Railway Futures

Sustainable Railway Futures Book
Author : Becky P.Y. Loo,Claude Comtois
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-03-03
ISBN : 1317047710
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Revitalizing railways as a major sustainable transport mode in modern societies faces many issues and challenges. This in-depth overview places the importance of railways in the wider context of comprehensive sustainability, which encompasses sustainable development, social and economic equity and community livability. Some scholars have described the 21st century as a period of renaissance for railways and suggest this transport mode can fulfil people's desire for high mobility with low negative environmental, social, economic and financial impacts. In light of these new expectations for railways, in both passenger and freight transport worldwide, this book offers the latest research insights on the renewed interest about railway expansions and their wide-ranging environmental, socio-economic and even political implications.

Sustainable Issues in Transportation Engineering

Sustainable Issues in Transportation Engineering Book
Author : Louay Mohammad,Ragaa Abd El-Hakim
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-11-01
ISBN : 3030341879
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book of the GeoMEast 2019 proceedings includes a collection of research and practical papers from an international research and technology activities on recent developments in pavement design, modeling and performance, and effects on infrastructure, green energy, technology, and integration. Sustainability is increasingly a key priority in engineering practices. With the aging transportation infrastructure and renewed emphasis on infrastructure renovation by transportation agencies, innovations are urgently needed to develop materials, designs, and practices to ensure the sustainability of transportation infrastructure.

Geocells

Geocells Book
Author : T. G. Sitharam,Amarnath M. Hegde,Sreevalsa Kolathayar
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-07-23
ISBN : 9811560951
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is designed to serve as a comprehensive resource on cellular confinement systems or geocells, covering technologies and their applications in geotechnical engineering. The book discusses all aspects of geocells and related technologies, and covers the subjects from conceptual basics to recent advances. The chapters of this book are written by renowned international experts and its contents include detailed case studies from both academic and industry experts. This book is a one-stop reference work for academicians, students, and practicing engineers in the global geotechnical community.

Advances in Transportation Geotechnics IV

Advances in Transportation Geotechnics IV Book
Author : Erol Tutumluer,Soheil Nazarian,Imad Al-Qadi,Issam I.A. Qamhia
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-09-05
ISBN : 3030772349
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume presents selected papers presented during the 4th International Conference on Transportation Geotechnics. The papers address the geotechnical challenges in design, construction, maintenance, monitoring, and upgrading of roads, railways, airfields, and harbor facilities and other ground transportation infrastructure with the goal of providing safe, economic, environmental, reliable and sustainable infrastructures. This volume will be of interest to postgraduate students, academics, researchers, and consultants working in the field of civil and transport infrastructure.

Disaster Resilience and Sustainability

Disaster Resilience and Sustainability Book
Author : Sangam Shrestha,Riyanti Djalante,Rajib Shaw,Indrajit Pal
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-06-24
ISBN : 0323851967
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Disasters undermine societal well-being, causing loss of lives and damage to social and economic infrastructures. Disaster resilience is central to achieving the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals, especially in regions where extreme inequality combines with the increasing frequency and intensity of natural disasters. Disaster risk reduction and resilience requires participation of wide array of stakeholders ranging from academicians to policy makers to disaster managers. Disaster Resilient Cities: Adaptation for Sustainable Development offers evidence-based, problem-solving techniques from social, natural, engineering and other disciplinary perspectives. It connects data, research, conceptual work with practical cases on disaster risk management, capturing the multi-sectoral aspects of disaster resilience, adaptation strategy and sustainability. The book links disaster risk management with sustainable development under a common umbrella, showing that effective disaster resilience strategies and practices lead to achieving broader sustainable development goals. Provides foundational knowledge on integrated disaster risk reduction and management to show how resilience and its associated concept such as adaptive and transformative strategies can foster sustainable development Brings together disaster risk reduction and resilience scientists, policy-makers and practitioners from different disciplines Case studies on disaster risk management from natural science, social science, engineering and other relevant disciplinary perspectives

Computational Methods for Fracture

Computational Methods for Fracture Book
Author : Timon Rabczuk
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-10-28
ISBN : 3039216864
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers a collection of 17 scientific papers about the computational modeling of fracture. Some of the manuscripts propose new computational methods and/or how to improve existing cutting edge methods for fracture. These contributions can be classified into two categories: 1. Methods which treat the crack as strong discontinuity such as peridynamics, scaled boundary elements or specific versions of the smoothed finite element methods applied to fracture and 2. Continuous approaches to fracture based on, for instance, phase field models or continuum damage mechanics. On the other hand, the book also offers a wide range of applications where state-of-the-art techniques are employed to solve challenging engineering problems such as fractures in rock, glass, concrete. Also, larger systems such as fracture in subway stations due to fire, arch dams, or concrete decks are studied.

Civil Engineering for Disaster Risk Reduction

Civil Engineering for Disaster Risk Reduction Book
Author : Sreevalsa Kolathayar
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-12-04
ISBN : 9811653127
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Civil Engineering for Disaster Risk Reduction book written by Sreevalsa Kolathayar, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Inverse Dynamics Problems

Inverse Dynamics Problems Book
Author : Hamed Kalhori
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2021-06-15
ISBN : 3036510664
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The inverse dynamics problem was developed in order to provide researchers with the state of the art in inverse problems for dynamic and vibrational systems. Contrasted with a forward problem, which solves for the system output in a straightforward manner, an inverse problem searches for the system input through a procedure contaminated with errors and uncertainties. An inverse problem, with a focus on structural dynamics, determines the changes made to the system and estimates the inputs, including forces and moments, to the system, utilizing measurements of structural vibration responses only. With its complex mathematical structure and need for more reliable input estimations, the inverse problem is still a fundamental subject of research among mathematicians and engineering scientists. This book contains 11 articles that touch upon various aspects of inverse dynamic problems.

Railway Infrastructure Security

Railway Infrastructure Security Book
Author : Roberto Setola,Antonio Sforza,Valeria Vittorini,Concetta Pragliola
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-03-26
ISBN : 3319044265
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This comprehensive monograph addresses crucial issues in the protection of railway systems, with the objective of enhancing the understanding of railway infrastructure security. Based on analyses by academics, technology providers and railway operators, it explains how to assess terrorist and criminal threats, design countermeasures, and implement effective security strategies. In so doing, it draws upon a range of experiences from different countries in Europe and beyond. The book is the first to be devoted entirely to this subject. It will serve as a timely reminder of the attractiveness of the railway infrastructure system as a target for criminals and terrorists and, more importantly, as a valuable resource for stakeholders and professionals in the railway security field aiming to develop effective security based on a mix of methodological, technological and organizational tools. Besides researchers and decision makers in the field, the book will appeal to students interested in critical infrastructure protection.

Planning for Public Transport Accessibility

Planning for Public Transport Accessibility Book
Author : Carey Curtis,Jan Scheurer
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-05-05
ISBN : 1317080084
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bringing together a comparative analysis of the accessibility by public transport of 23 cities spanning four continents, this book provides a "hands-on" introduction to the evolution, rationale and effectiveness of a new generation of accessibility planning tools that have emerged since the mid-2000s. The Spatial Network Analysis for Multimodal Urban Transport Systems (SNAMUTS) tool is used as a practical example to demonstrate how city planners can find answers as they seek to improve public transport accessibility. Uniquely among the new generation of accessibility tools, SNAMUTS has been designed for multi-city comparisons. A range of indicators are employed in each city including: the effectiveness of the public transport network; the relationship between the transport network and land use activity; who gets access within the city; and how resilient the city will be. The cities selected enable a comparison between cities by old world–new world; public transport modes; governance approach; urban development constraints. The book is arranged along six themes that address the different planning challenges cities confront. Richly illustrated with maps and diagrams, this volume acts as a comprehensive sourcebook of accessibility indicators and a snapshot of current policy making around the world in the realm of strategic planning for land use transport integration and the growth of public transport. It provides a deeper understanding of the complexity, opportunities and challenges of twenty-first-century accessibility planning.

Funding and Financing Transport Infrastructure

Funding and Financing Transport Infrastructure Book
Author : Athena Roumboutsos,Hans Voordijk,Aristeidis Pantelias
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-09-07
ISBN : 1351866222
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book seeks to enhance understanding of the impacts of project setup and its implementation environment on project performance by leveraging information from the study of a rich set of European transport infrastructure project cases. It puts forward a system’s view of project delivery and aims to serve as a strategic tool for decision makers and practitioners. The proposed approach is not limited to specific stakeholder views. On the contrary, it allows stakeholders to formulate their own strategies based on an holistic set of potential implementation scenarios. Furthermore, by including cases of projects that have been influenced by the recent financial crisis, the book aims to capitalise on experiences and provide guidelines as to the design and implementation of resilient projects delivered both through traditional as well as Public Private Partnership (PPP) models. Finally, the book proposes a new Transport Infrastructure Resilience Indicator and a corresponding project rating system that can be assessed with an eye to the future, ultimately aiming to support the successful delivery of transport infrastructure projects for all stakeholders involved.

Advances and Challenges in Structural Engineering

Advances and Challenges in Structural Engineering Book
Author : Hugo Rodrigues,Amr Elnashai
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-10-27
ISBN : 3030019322
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edited volume on challenges in structural and bridge engineering brings together contributions to this important area of engineering research. The volume presents findings and case studies on fundamental and applied aspects of structural engineering, applied to buildings, bridges and infrastructures in general, and heritage patrimony. The scope of the volume focuses on the application of advanced experimental and numerical techniques and new technologies to the built environment. The volume is based on the best contributions to the 2nd GeoMEast International Congress and Exhibition on Sustainable Civil Infrastructures, Egypt 2018 – The official international congress of the Soil-Structure Interaction Group in Egypt (SSIGE).

The Urban Rail Development Handbook

The Urban Rail Development Handbook Book
Author : Daniel Pulido,Georges Darido,Ramon Munoz-Raskin,Joanna Moody
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 2018-09-11
ISBN : 146481273X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cities across the globe are looking to develop affordable, environmentally friendly, and socially responsible transportation solutions that can meet the accessibility needs of expanding metropolitan populations and support future economic and urban development. When appropriately planned and properly implemented as part of a larger public transportation network, urban rail systems can provide rapid mobility and vital access to city centers from surrounding districts. High-performing urban rail services, when carefully approached as development projects, can help enhance quality of life by giving citizens access to employment opportunities, essential services, urban amenities, and neighboring communities. The purpose of this Handbook is to synthesize and disseminate knowledge to inform the planning, implementation, and operations of urban rail projects with a view towards: -- Emphasizing the need for early studies and project planning; -- Making projects more sustainable (economically, socially, and environmentally); -- Improving socioeconomic returns and access to opportunities for users; -- Maximizing the value of private participation, where appropriate; and -- Building capacity within project implementing and managing institutions This Handbook provides experiential advice to tackle the technical, institutional, and financial challenges faced by decision makers considering urban rail projects. It brings together the expertise of World Bank staff and the input of numerous specialists to synthesize international 'good practices' and recommendations that are independent of commercial, financial political, or other interests. The material presented is intended as an honest-broker guide to maximize the impact and manage the challenges of urban rail systems in cities in both developed and developing countries. Rather than identify a single approach, this Handbook acknowledges the complexities and context necessary when approaching an urban rail development by helping to prepare decision makers to ask the right questions, consider the key issues, perform the necessary studies, apply adequate tools, and learn from international good practice all at the right time in the project development process.

National infrastructure plan 2011

National infrastructure plan 2011 Book
Author : Great Britain: H.M. Treasury,Infrastructure UK
Publisher : The Stationery Office
Release : 2011-11-29
ISBN : 9780108511165
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This National Infrastructure Plan sets out the strategy for meeting the infrastructure needs of the UK economy. There are three elements to this strategy. First, the Government will plan for the medium term and across sectors. The Plan brings together a comprehensive cross-sectoral analysis of the UK's infrastructure networks and sets out a clear pipeline of over 500 infrastructure projects. Delivering these projects will ensure that the overall performance of the UK's infrastructure is maintained and improved over time. Second, to mobilise the finance required to deliver these projects, the Plan sets out a new approach to coordinating public and private investment in UK infrastructure. Funded through further reductions in current spending, additional investment in infrastructure is being announced. The Government will act to facilitate the private investment that will finance the majority of the UK's infrastructure. This includes bringing in new investors into UK infrastructure; introducing new sources of revenue such as tolling; allowing local authorities more flexibility in the way they use local receipts to fund major infrastructure in specific circumstances; and being willing to consider guarantees against specific risks that the market cannot bear. Third, the Government will take an active role in ensuring the infrastructure in the Plan is delivered efficiently and on time, with priority given to those projects most critical for economic growth. The Government is also reforming the planning and consenting systems to tackle these sources of cost and delay in infrastructure delivery.