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Radioactivity

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Radioactivity

Radioactivity Book
Author : Michael F. L'Annunziata
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-05-13
ISBN : 0444634967
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A recipient of the PROSE 2017 Honorable Mention in Chemistry & Physics, Radioactivity: Introduction and History, From the Quantum to Quarks, Second Edition provides a greatly expanded overview of radioactivity from natural and artificial sources on earth, radiation of cosmic origins, and an introduction to the atom and its nucleus. The book also includes historical accounts of the lives, works, and major achievements of many famous pioneers and Nobel Laureates from 1895 to the present. These leaders in the field have contributed to our knowledge of the science of the atom, its nucleus, nuclear decay, and subatomic particles that are part of our current knowledge of the structure of matter, including the role of quarks, leptons, and the bosons (force carriers). Users will find a completely revised and greatly expanded text that includes all new material that further describes the significant historical events on the topic dating from the 1950s to the present. Provides a detailed account of nuclear radiation – its origin and properties, the atom, its nucleus, and subatomic particles including quarks, leptons, and force carriers (bosons) Includes fascinating biographies of the pioneers in the field, including captivating anecdotes and insights Presents meticulous accounts of experiments and calculations used by pioneers to confirm their findings

Radioactivity Introduction and History

Radioactivity  Introduction and History Book
Author : Michael F. L'Annunziata
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2007-08-23
ISBN : 9780080548883
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Radioactivity: Introduction and History provides an introduction to radioactivity from natural and artificial sources on earth and radiation of cosmic origins. This book answers many questions for the student, teacher, and practitioner as to the origins, properties, detection and measurement, and applications of radioactivity. Written at a level that most students and teachers can appreciate, it includes many calculations that students and teachers may use in class work. Radioactivity: Introduction and History also serves as a refresher for experienced practitioners who use radioactive sources in his or her field of work. Also included are historical accounts of the lives and major achievements of many famous pioneers and Nobel Laureates who have contributed to our knowledge of the science of radioactivity. * Provides entry-level overview of every form of radioactivity including natural and artificial sources, and radiation of cosmic origin. * Includes many solved problems to practical questions concerning nuclear radiation and its interaction with matter * Historical accounts of the major achievements of pioneers and Nobel Laureates, who have contributed to our current knowledge of radioactivity

Radioactivity

Radioactivity Book
Author : Marjorie C. Malley
Publisher : OUP USA
Release : 2011-08-25
ISBN : 019976641X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Beginning with an obscure discovery in 1896, radioactivity led researchers on a quest for understanding that ultimately confronted the intersection of knowledge and mystery. This book tells the story of a new science that profoundly changed physics and chemistry, as well as areas such as medicine, geology, meteorology, archaeology, industry, politics, and popular culture.

Radioactive Aerosols

Radioactive Aerosols Book
Author : Constantin Papastefanou
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-07-28
ISBN : 9780080555980
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Whenever radioactivity is released to the atmosphere, for example by the detonation of nuclear weapons or the testing of nuclear weapons or from nuclear reactor accidents that fraction of it which remains airborne for more than a few hours is liable to be attached to aerosol particles. The resulting radioactive aerosols are carried by atmospheric mixing processes until they settle out or are scavenged by precipitation. The radiation exposure pathway of maximum concern to humans is by inhalation of aerosols and their deposition in the respiratory tract. In this context, it is important to note that radioactive aerosols are commonly of natural origin alos. In particular, the associated radionuclides can be of natural terrestrial origin, such as the decay products of radon gas, or they can e cosmogenic, such as beryllium-7. The exposure of miners of uranium and other ores and minerals to radon and its aerosol-borne decay products is of major significance. The book describes the formation of aerosols, their aerodynamic size distribution, their atmospheric residence time, their sampling and measurement, the range of radioactive aerosols found and studied thus far, including man-made nuclides and radon decay products and their interaction with man, including deposition in the lung and subsequent health effects. Advanced level science handbook for researchers, scientists and academics Covers all aspects of radiation exposure in humans, including subsequent health implications Presents the latest findings and analysis in this highly topical area

Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis

Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis Book
Author : Michael F. L'Annunziata
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0323137881
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis is written by experts in the measurement of radioactivity. The book describes the broad scope of analytical methods available and instructs the reader on how to select the proper technique. It is intended as a practical manual for research which requires the accurate measurement of radioactivity at all levels, from the low levels encountered in the environment to the high levels measured in radioisotope research. This book contains sample preparation procedures, recommendations on steps to follow, necessary calculations, computer controlled analysis, and high sample throughput techniques. Each chapter includes practical techniques for application to nuclear safety, nuclear safeguards, environmental analysis, weapons disarmament, and assays required for research in biomedicine and agriculture. The fundamentals of radioactivity properties, radionuclide decay, and methods of detection are included to provide the basis for a thorough understanding of the analytical procedures described in the book. Therefore, the Handbook can also be used as a teaching text. Key Features * Includes sample preparation techniques for matrices such as soil, air, plant, water, animal tissue, and surface swipes * Provides procedures and guidelines for the analysis of commonly encountered na

Directory of Whole body Radioactivity Monitors

Directory of Whole body Radioactivity Monitors Book
Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1970
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Directory of Whole body Radioactivity Monitors book written by International Atomic Energy Agency, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Radioactivity

Radioactivity Book
Author : Michael F. L'Annunziata
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-08-01
ISBN : 0323984479
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Expanded and updated, Radioactivity: History, Science, Vital Uses and Ominous Peril, Third Edition provides an introduction to radioactivity, the building blocks of matter, the fundamental forces in nature, and the role of quarks and force carrier particles. This edition adds new material with two chapters on the dichotomy between the peaceful applications of radioactivity that are vital to our well-being and the threat to the continued existence of human life from the potential use of more powerful and sophisticated nuclear weapons in current stockpiles worldwide. The book also includes a current review on studies on the probability of nuclear war and treaties and efforts toward nuclear nonproliferation and disarmament, and historical insight into the lives and major achievements of over 100 famous pioneers and Nobel Laureates who have contributed to our knowledge of the science of the atom. Through multiple worked examples, the book answers many questions for the student, teacher, and practitioner as to the origins, properties, and practical applications of radioactivity in fields such as medicine, biological and environmental research, industry, safe nuclear power free of greenhouse gases, and nuclear fusion. Radioactivity: History, Science, Vital Uses and Ominous Peril, Third Edition draws on the knowledge of its expert author to provide a comprehensive introduction to the field for learners, and an interesting guide to both history and latest developments for teachers and experienced practitioners. Includes new content explaining the vital benefits that nuclear technology provides and the need to be aware and involved in the worldwide efforts toward the reduction of nuclear weapon stockpiles and the elimination of the threat of nuclear weapons Provides context and insight to key research over the past three centuries, placing radioactivity in real-world contexts Supports learning via multiple solved problems answering practical questions concerning nuclear decay, nuclear radiation, and the interaction of nuclear radiation with matter

Environmental Radioactivity from Natural Industrial and Military Sources

Environmental Radioactivity from Natural  Industrial and Military Sources Book
Author : Merrill Eisenbud,Thomas F. Gesell
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1997-03-26
ISBN : 9780080505800
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental Radioactivity from Natural, Industrial, and Military Sources is the comprehensive source of information on radiation in the environment and human exposure to radioactivity. This Fourth Edition isa complete revision and extension of the classic work, reflecting major new developments and concerns as the Cold War ended, nuclear weapons began to be dismantled, and cleanup of the nuclear weapons facilities assumed center stage. Contamination from accidents involving weapons, reactors, and radionuclide sources are discussed in an updated chapter, including the latest information about the effects of the Chernobyl accident. Important revisions are also made to the chapters on natural radioactivity, nuclear fuels and power reactors, radioactive waste management, and various other sources of exposure. Several chapters provide primers for readers who may not be familiar with the fundamentals of radiation biology, protection standards, and pathways for the environmental transport of radionuclides. An Appendix lists the properties of the more important radionuclides found in the environment. The book concludes with a commentary on contemporary social aspects of radiation exposure and risks that offers analternative view to current, often excessive concerns over radiation, nuclear technology, and waste. Describes every important source of environmental radioactivity Reviews the vexing problems of radioactive waste management and clean-up of contaminated sites Contains measured or projected radiation dose estimates for the major sources Features 126 figures, 80 tables, and more than 1200 references Discusses current problems in historical context The two authors bring more than 75 years of combined experience with environmental radioactivity Provides an understanding of the sources of environmental radioactivity and human exposure from the mining of ores to final disposal of wastes Thoroughly reviews important contamination accidents

A Handbook of Radioactivity Measurements Procedures

A Handbook of Radioactivity Measurements Procedures Book
Author : National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1978
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download A Handbook of Radioactivity Measurements Procedures book written by National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Radioactivity in Surface and Coastal Waters of the British Isles 1980

Radioactivity in Surface and Coastal Waters of the British Isles  1980 Book
Author : G. J. Hunt
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1982
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Radioactivity in Surface and Coastal Waters of the British Isles 1980 book written by G. J. Hunt, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Radioactivity Measurements

Radioactivity Measurements Book
Author : W. B. Mann,A. Rytz,A. Spernol
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0080983944
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The authors have addressed the basic need for internationally consistent standards and methods demanded by the new and increasing use of radioactive materials, radiopharmaceuticals and labelled compounds. Particular emphasis is given to the basic and practical problems that may be encountered in measuring radioactivity. The text provides information and recommendations in the areas of radiation protection, focusing on quality control and the precautions necessary for the preparation and handling of radioactive substances. New information is also presented on the applications of both traditional and innovative instruments in the fields of diagnostic and clinical radiology, radiation protection, biomedical research, industrial and agricultural applications, power production and waste control.

Results of Environmental Radioactivity Measurements in the Member States of the European Community for Air Deposition Water Milk

Results of Environmental Radioactivity Measurements in the Member States of the European Community for Air  Deposition  Water  Milk Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1979
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Results of Environmental Radioactivity Measurements in the Member States of the European Community for Air Deposition Water Milk book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Rapid Methods for Measuring Radioactivity in the Environment

Rapid Methods for Measuring Radioactivity in the Environment Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1971
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Rapid Methods for Measuring Radioactivity in the Environment book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Radioactivity in the South Pacific

Radioactivity in the South Pacific Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1984
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Radioactivity in the South Pacific book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

An Introduction to the Physics of Nuclear Medicine

An Introduction to the Physics of Nuclear Medicine Book
Author : Laura Harkness-Brennan
Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Release : 2018-06-27
ISBN : 1643270346
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The complexity and vulnerability of the human body has driven the development of a diverse range of diagnostic and therapeutic techniques in modern medicine. The Nuclear Medicine procedures of Positron Emission Tomography (PET), Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT) and Radionuclide Therapy are well-established in clinical practice and are founded upon the principles of radiation physics. This book will offer an insight into the physics of nuclear medicine by explaining the principles of radioactivity, how radionuclides are produced and administered as radiopharmaceuticals to the body and how radiation can be detected and used to produce images for diagnosis. The treatment of diseases such as thyroid cancer, hyperthyroidism and lymphoma by radionuclide therapy will also be explored.

Radioactivity in the Environment

Radioactivity in the Environment Book
Author : Vlado Valkovic
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2000-09-26
ISBN : 0080540244
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Numerous sources of ionizing radiation can lead to human exposure: natural sources, nuclear explosions, nuclear power generation, use of radiation in medical, industrial and research purposes, and radiation emitting consumer products. Before assessing the radiation dose to a population one requires a precise knowledge of the activity of a number of radionuclides. The basis for the assessment of the dose to a population from a release of radioactivity to the environment, the estimation of the potential clinical heath effects due to the dose received and, ultimately, the implementation of countermeasures to protect the population, is the measurement of radioactive contamination in the environment after the release. It is the purpose of this book to present the facts about the presence of radionuclides in the environment, natural and man made. There is no aspect of radioactivity, which has marked the passing century, not mentioned or discussed in this book.

Radioactivity A Very Short Introduction

Radioactivity  A Very Short Introduction Book
Author : Claudio Tuniz
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2012-07-26
ISBN : 0199692424
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Radioactivity - the breakdown of unstable atomic nuclei, releasing radiation - is a fundamental process in nature, and used to provide important applications in science, medicine, and energy production. But it remains misunderstood and feared. In this Very Short Introduction, Claudio Tuniz explains the nature and mechanisms of radioactivity.

The Technical Applications of Radioactivity

The Technical Applications of Radioactivity Book
Author : Engelbert Broda,Thomas Schönfeld
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 1483225127
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Technical Applications of Radioactivity, Volume 1 reviews the technical applications of radioactivity, with emphasis on the potentialities of nuclear physics and nuclear chemistry for the peaceful development of industrial productivity. Topics covered range from measurement of radioactivity to the production and chemistry of radio elements, as well as the application of radioactivity in chemical analysis and in the mining, metallurgical, electrical, and engineering industries. Comprised of 13 chapters, this volume first deals with the fundamentals of modern atomic theory, followed by an introduction to the basic facts of radioactivity, the methods used for measuring it, and chemical operations with radioactive substances. Subsequent chapters focus on the use of radioactivity in chemical analysis, hydrology, and water supply, and in industries such as mining and oil production, engineering, and chemical sectors, along with forestry and agriculture. The final chapter looks at precautions in the use of radioactive materials to protect research workers, physicians, and other personnel against the harmful effects of ionizing radiation. This book is written for scientists and scientific or technical workers.

Radioactivity in the Environment

Radioactivity in the Environment Book
Author : Vlado Valkovic
Publisher : Elsevier Science
Release : 2019-07-15
ISBN : 9780444641465
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Radioactivity in the Environment, Second Edition presents the facts about the presence of both natural and man-made radionuclides in the environment. The many sources of ionizing radiation that can lead to human exposure are all discussed in this volume: natural sources; nuclear explosions; nuclear power generation; use of radiation in medical, industrial and research purposes; and radiation-emitting consumer products. In this thoroughly updated new edition, author Vlado Valkovic addresses the numerous developments that have occurred since the first edition published, including new developments in the fields of radioactive nuclides in nature and technologically modified exposure to natural radiation; new threats by terrorist individuals, groups, and countries; changes to the status of nuclear power in the world; and more. Additional new sections for the second edition: Radioisotopes in geo-prospecting and the oil industry The use of radiation in environmental protection Detector types and detectors used for personal dosimetry "Dirty Bomb" The Fukushima accident North Korea testing sites and nuclear capabilities. Includes details of analytical laboratory procedures for radioactivity measurement in different samples Features a new chapter on decontamination after radiation exposure Expands the discussion on nuclear fusion to cover ITER and other installations

The Impact of Radioactivity on Chemical Laboratory Techniques and Design

The Impact of Radioactivity on Chemical Laboratory Techniques and Design Book
Author : Paul C. Tompkins,Henri A. Levy
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1948
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Impact of Radioactivity on Chemical Laboratory Techniques and Design book written by Paul C. Tompkins,Henri A. Levy, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.