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Radioactivity In The Environment

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Radioactivity in the Environment

Radioactivity in the Environment Book
Author : Vlado Valkovic
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2000-09-26
ISBN : 0080540244
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Numerous sources of ionizing radiation can lead to human exposure: natural sources, nuclear explosions, nuclear power generation, use of radiation in medical, industrial and research purposes, and radiation emitting consumer products. Before assessing the radiation dose to a population one requires a precise knowledge of the activity of a number of radionuclides. The basis for the assessment of the dose to a population from a release of radioactivity to the environment, the estimation of the potential clinical heath effects due to the dose received and, ultimately, the implementation of countermeasures to protect the population, is the measurement of radioactive contamination in the environment after the release. It is the purpose of this book to present the facts about the presence of radionuclides in the environment, natural and man made. There is no aspect of radioactivity, which has marked the passing century, not mentioned or discussed in this book.

Low level Measurements Of Radioactivity In The Environment Techniques And Applications Proceedings Of The Third International Summer School

Low level Measurements Of Radioactivity In The Environment   Techniques And Applications   Proceedings Of The Third International Summer School Book
Author : M Garcia-leon,R Garcia-tenorio
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 1994-07-27
ISBN : 9814552070
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains the lectures, seminars and abstracts of short communications delivered at the above summer school. The talks are an updated account of the methods used in the detection of radioactivity in nature and in the study of its spread in the environment.

Radioactivity in the Environment

Radioactivity in the Environment Book
Author : Ronald L. Kathren
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 1984
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Radioactivity in the Environment book written by Ronald L. Kathren, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Fukushima Accident

Fukushima Accident Book
Author : Pavel P. Povinec,Katsumi Hirose,Michio Aoyama
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-07-09
ISBN : 0124114873
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fukushima Accident presents up-to-date information on radioactivity released to the atmosphere and the ocean after the accident on the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant, on the distribution of radionuclides in the world atmosphere and oceans, and their impact on the total environment (man, fauna, and flora). The book will evaluate and discuss the post-Fukushima situation, emphasizing radionuclide impacts on the terrestrial and marine environments, and compare it with the pre-Fukushima sources of radionuclides in the environment. The authors’ results, as well as knowledge gathered from the literature, will provide up-to-date information on the present status of the topics. Fukushima Accident is based on the environmental and nuclear research; however, the presentation will be suitable for university-level readers. 2013 PROSE Award winner in Environmental Science from the Association of American Publishers Covers atmospheric and marine radioactivity, providing information on the global atmospheric dispersion of radionuclides in the atmosphere and world oceans Examines radiation doses to the public and biota to understand the health risks to the public and ecosystems Provides information on monitoring radionuclides in the environment – information on sources of radionuclides, their temporal and spatial variations, and radionuclide levels Covers transport of radionuclides from different sources (e.g. nuclear power plants) as well as atmospheric simulations and modeling approaches

Radioactivity Transfer in Environment and Food

Radioactivity Transfer in Environment and Food Book
Author : Fokion K Vosniakos
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-04-26
ISBN : 3642287417
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book deals with various consequences of major nuclear accidents, such as in 1986 in Chernobyl and in 2011 in Fukushima. The public is extremely interested in learning more about the movements and risks posed by radiation in the environment related to food supply and food safety. Radionuclides are found in air, water, soil and even in us not only after nuclear accidents because they occur also in nature. Every day, we ingest and inhale radionuclides in our air and food and the water. This book provides a solid underpinning of the basic physical-chemistry and biogeochemistry of naturally occurring and anthrop radioactivity. The mechanisms of radioactive element transfer in the atmosphere, tropospheric and stratospheric diffusion of radioactivity, environmental contamination from accidents and the impact of atmospheric pollution on the food chain, soil and plants, are analyzed and the analytical methods are illustrated. The question of natural radioactivity concentration in building materials is addressed too. While the book contains many case studies and data for Greece, it is of general value. It contributes to the development of international environmentally safe standards and economically reasonable standard regulations based on justified radiological, social and economical legislation concepts.

Man Made and Natural Radioactivity in Environmental Pollution and Radiochronology

Man Made and Natural Radioactivity in Environmental Pollution and Radiochronology Book
Author : Richard Tykva,Dieter Berg
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-14
ISBN : 9401704961
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The goal of this book is to examine the complex state of radioactivity in the environment, and to understand the interplay of its two principal sources: man-made and natural. The text examines human contributions to release of radionuclides, with an eye to future reductions, and assesses natural occurrences in an evaluation of baseline radioactivity.

Environmental Radioactivity

Environmental Radioactivity Book
Author : Merrill Eisenbud,Thomas F. Gesell
Publisher : Andrews McMeel Publishing
Release : 1997-03-11
ISBN : 9780122351549
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental Radioactivity from Natural, Industrial, and Military Sources is the comprehensive source of information on radiation in the environment and human exposure to radioactivity. This Fourth Edition isa complete revision and extension of the classic work, reflecting major new developments and concerns as the Cold War ended, nuclear weapons began to be dismantled, and cleanup of the nuclear weapons facilities assumed center stage. Contamination from accidents involving weapons, reactors, and radionuclide sources are discussed in an updated chapter, including the latest information about the effects of the Chernobyl accident. Important revisions are also made to the chapters on natural radioactivity, nuclear fuels and power reactors, radioactive waste management, and various other sources of exposure. Several chapters provide primers for readers who may not be familiar with the fundamentals of radiation biology, protection standards, and pathways for the environmental transport of radionuclides. An Appendix lists the properties of the more important radionuclides found in the environment. The book concludes with a commentary on contemporary social aspects of radiation exposure and risks that offers analternative view to current, often excessive concerns over radiation, nuclear technology, and waste. Describes every important source of environmental radioactivity Reviews the vexing problems of radioactive waste management and clean-up of contaminated sites Contains measured or projected radiation dose estimates for the major sources Features 126 figures, 80 tables, and more than 1200 references Discusses current problems in historical context The two authors bring more than 75 years of combined experience with environmental radioactivity Provides an understanding of the sources of environmental radioactivity and human exposure from the mining of ores to final disposal of wastes Thoroughly reviews important contamination accidents

Radioactive Releases in the Environment

Radioactive Releases in the Environment Book
Author : John R. Cooper,Keith Randle,Ranjeet S. Sokhi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2003-05-07
ISBN : 9780471899242
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text brings together in one single comprehensive reference, the fundamentals of radioactivity. It uniquely fills the gap in the market, as no other books deal with environmental radioactivity to this degree. * Timely and invaluable as the studies of environmental processes and the awareness of the impact of human activity on our environment are increasing * Links all three main aspects of environmental radioactivity: Principles, Transport and Measurement * Useful to a wide readership - students, lecturers, researchers, companies and environmental consultants

Rapid Methods for Measuring Radioactivity in the Environment

Rapid Methods for Measuring Radioactivity in the Environment Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1971
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Rapid Methods for Measuring Radioactivity in the Environment book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Modelling Radioactivity in the Environment

Modelling Radioactivity in the Environment Book
Author : E.M. Scott
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2003-05-22
ISBN : 9780080536651
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Just as an environmental model typically will be composed of a number of linked sub-models, representing physical, chemical or biological processes understood to varying degrees, this volume includes a series of linked chapters exemplifying the fundamental nature of environmental radioactivity models in all compartments of the environment. Why is a book on modelling environmental radioactivity necessary? There are many reasons why such a boook is necessary, perhaps the most important that: - modelling is an often misunderstood and maligned activity and this book can provide, to a broad audience, a greater understanding of modelling power but also some of the limitations. - modellers and experimentalists often do not understand and mistrust each other's work yet they are mutually dependent, in the sense that good experimental science can direct good modelling work and vice-versa; we hope that this book can dispel mistrust and engender improved understanding. - there is an increasing reliance on model results in environmental management, yet there is also often misuse and misrepresentation of these results. This book can help to bridge the gap between unrealistic expectations of model power and the realisation of what is possible, practicable and feasible in modelling of environmental radioactivity; and finally, - modelling tools, capacity and power have increased many-fold in a relatively short period of time. Much of this is due to the much-heralded computer revolution, but much is also due to better science. It is useful to consider what gap if any still remains between what is possible and what is necessary.

Radioactivity in the Terrestrial Environment

Radioactivity in the Terrestrial Environment Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2007-03-02
ISBN : 9780080474892
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Radioactivity in the Environment Series addresses the key aspects of this socially important and complex interdisciplinary subject. Presented objectively and with the ultimate authority gained from the many contributions by the world's leading experts, the negative and positive consequences of having a radioactive world around us is documented and given perspective. In a world in which nuclear science is not only less popular than in the past, but also less extensively taught in universities and colleges, this book series will fill a significant educational gap. Radioactivity in the Terrestrial Environment presents an updated and critical review of designing, siting, constructing and demonstrating the safety and environmental impact of deep repositories for radioactive wastes. It is structured to provide a broad perspective of this multi-faceted, multi-disciplinary topic providing enough detail for a non-specialist to understand the fundamental principles involved. Contains extensive references to sources of more detailed information Provides a detailed summary of radioactivity in terrestrial ecosystems, providing a substantial and essential reference on the subject Discusses lesser-known sources of radiation exposure that provide useful information for those seeking to place environmental radioactivity into perspective

Radioactivity in the Marine Environment

Radioactivity in the Marine Environment Book
Author : National Research Council (U.S.). Panel on Radioactivity in the Marine Environment,M. Waldichuk
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1971
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Radioactivity in the Marine Environment book written by National Research Council (U.S.). Panel on Radioactivity in the Marine Environment,M. Waldichuk, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Tropical Radioecology

Tropical Radioecology Book
Author : John R. Twining
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0080450164
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tropical Radioecology is a guide to the wide range of scientific practices and principles of this multidisciplinary field. It brings together past and present studies in the tropical and sub-tropical areas of the planet, highlighting the unique aspects of tropical systems. Until recently, radioecological models for tropical environments have depended upon data derived from temperate environments, despite the differences of these regions in terms of biota and abiotic conditions. Since radioactivity can be used to trace environmental processes in humans and other biota, this book offers examples of studies in which radiotracers have been used to assess biokinetics in tropical biota. Features chapters, co-authored by world experts, that explain the origins, inputs, distribution, behaviour, and consequences of radioactivity in tropical and subtropical systems. Provides comprehensive lists of relevant data and identifies current knowledge gaps to allow for targeted radioecological research in the future. Integrates radioecological information into the most recent radiological consequences modelling and best-practice probabilistic ecological risk analysis methodology, given the need to understand the implications of enhanced socio-economic development in the world's tropical regions.

Natural Environmental Radioactivity

Natural Environmental Radioactivity Book
Author : Alfred W. Klement
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1965
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Natural Environmental Radioactivity book written by Alfred W. Klement, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Radionuclide Concentrations in Food and the Environment

Radionuclide Concentrations in Food and the Environment Book
Author : Michael Poschl,Leo M.L. Nollet
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2006-08-21
ISBN : 1420019279
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As radiological residue, both naturally occurring and technologically driven, works its way through the ecosystem, we see its negative effects on the human population. Radionuclide Concentrations in Food and the Environment addresses the key issues concerning the relationship between natural and manmade sources of environmental radioactivity

The Natural Radiation Environment

The Natural Radiation Environment Book
Author : A. Janssens
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Natural Radiation Environment book written by A. Janssens, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Extent of Environmental Contamination by Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material NORM and Technological Options for Mitigation

Extent of Environmental Contamination by Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material  NORM  and Technological Options for Mitigation Book
Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This purpose of this report is to raise awareness of the residues arising from the processing of various naturally occurring radioactive materials and the possible environmental contamination arising from these. The various processes and their residues are analysed and the technical options for dealing with such contamination are discussed. The industries of interest include those related to fuel production, water use, metal ores and industrial minerals.

Environmental Radiochemical Analysis IV

Environmental Radiochemical Analysis IV Book
Author : Peter Warwick
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2011
ISBN : 1849731551
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental Radiochemical Analysis IV is a collection of original papers presented at the Eleventh International Symposium on Environmental Radiochemical Analysis. Representing the work of leading scientists across the globe this new edition provides information on: "new methods of radionuclide analyses "developments and improvements in existing methods "mass spectrometry in radionuclide measurements "results of an intercomparison study "gamma detector performance "emergency radiological foodchain monitoring. The book is essential reading for practising radioanalysts and students who are specialising in radiochemical analysis.

Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis

Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis Book
Author : Michael F. L'Annunziata
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-03-07
ISBN : 0128143967
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis: Radiation Physics and Detectors, Volume One, and Radioanalytical Applications, Volume Two, Fourth Edition, constitute an authoritative reference on the principles, practical techniques and procedures for the accurate measurement of radioactivity - everything from the very low levels encountered in the environment, to higher levels measured in radioisotope research, clinical laboratories, biological sciences, radionuclide standardization, nuclear medicine, nuclear power, and fuel cycle facilities, and in the implementation of nuclear forensic analysis and nuclear safeguards. It includes sample preparation techniques for all types of matrices found in the environment, including soil, water, air, plant matter and animal tissue, and surface swipes. Users will find the latest advances in the applications of radioactivity analysis across various fields, including environmental monitoring, radiochemical standardization, high-resolution beta imaging, automated radiochemical separation, nuclear forensics, and more. Spans two volumes, Radiation Physics and Detectors and Radioanalytical Applications Includes a new chapter on the analysis of environmental radionuclides Provides the latest advances in the applications of liquid and solid scintillation analysis, alpha- and gamma spectrometry, mass spectrometric analysis, Cherenkov counting, flow-cell radionuclide analysis, radionuclide standardization, aerosol analysis, high-resolution beta imaging techniques, analytical techniques in nuclear forensics, and nuclear safeguards Describes the timesaving techniques of computer-controlled automatic separation and activity analysis of radionuclides Provides an extensive table of the radiation characteristics of most radionuclides of interest for the radioanalytical chemist

Environmental Radiochemical Analysis III

Environmental Radiochemical Analysis III Book
Author : Peter Warwick (Prof.)
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9780854042630
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book brings together current developments and offers an up-to-date review of research presented at the 10th International Symposium on Environmental Radiochemical Analysis.