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Radioactivity In The Environment

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Radioactivity in the Environment

Radioactivity in the Environment Book
Author : Vlado Valkovic
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2000-09-26
ISBN : 0080540244
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Numerous sources of ionizing radiation can lead to human exposure: natural sources, nuclear explosions, nuclear power generation, use of radiation in medical, industrial and research purposes, and radiation emitting consumer products. Before assessing the radiation dose to a population one requires a precise knowledge of the activity of a number of radionuclides. The basis for the assessment of the dose to a population from a release of radioactivity to the environment, the estimation of the potential clinical heath effects due to the dose received and, ultimately, the implementation of countermeasures to protect the population, is the measurement of radioactive contamination in the environment after the release. It is the purpose of this book to present the facts about the presence of radionuclides in the environment, natural and man made. There is no aspect of radioactivity, which has marked the passing century, not mentioned or discussed in this book.

Modelling Radioactivity in the Environment

Modelling Radioactivity in the Environment Book
Author : E.M. Scott
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2003-05-22
ISBN : 9780080536651
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Just as an environmental model typically will be composed of a number of linked sub-models, representing physical, chemical or biological processes understood to varying degrees, this volume includes a series of linked chapters exemplifying the fundamental nature of environmental radioactivity models in all compartments of the environment. Why is a book on modelling environmental radioactivity necessary? There are many reasons why such a boook is necessary, perhaps the most important that: - modelling is an often misunderstood and maligned activity and this book can provide, to a broad audience, a greater understanding of modelling power but also some of the limitations. - modellers and experimentalists often do not understand and mistrust each other's work yet they are mutually dependent, in the sense that good experimental science can direct good modelling work and vice-versa; we hope that this book can dispel mistrust and engender improved understanding. - there is an increasing reliance on model results in environmental management, yet there is also often misuse and misrepresentation of these results. This book can help to bridge the gap between unrealistic expectations of model power and the realisation of what is possible, practicable and feasible in modelling of environmental radioactivity; and finally, - modelling tools, capacity and power have increased many-fold in a relatively short period of time. Much of this is due to the much-heralded computer revolution, but much is also due to better science. It is useful to consider what gap if any still remains between what is possible and what is necessary.

Radioactivity in the Terrestrial Environment

Radioactivity in the Terrestrial Environment Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2007-03-02
ISBN : 9780080474892
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Radioactivity in the Environment Series addresses the key aspects of this socially important and complex interdisciplinary subject. Presented objectively and with the ultimate authority gained from the many contributions by the world's leading experts, the negative and positive consequences of having a radioactive world around us is documented and given perspective. In a world in which nuclear science is not only less popular than in the past, but also less extensively taught in universities and colleges, this book series will fill a significant educational gap. Radioactivity in the Terrestrial Environment presents an updated and critical review of designing, siting, constructing and demonstrating the safety and environmental impact of deep repositories for radioactive wastes. It is structured to provide a broad perspective of this multi-faceted, multi-disciplinary topic providing enough detail for a non-specialist to understand the fundamental principles involved. Contains extensive references to sources of more detailed information Provides a detailed summary of radioactivity in terrestrial ecosystems, providing a substantial and essential reference on the subject Discusses lesser-known sources of radiation exposure that provide useful information for those seeking to place environmental radioactivity into perspective

Radioactive Releases in the Environment

Radioactive Releases in the Environment Book
Author : John R. Cooper,Keith Randle,Ranjeet S. Sokhi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2003-05-07
ISBN : 9780471899242
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text brings together in one single comprehensive reference, the fundamentals of radioactivity. It uniquely fills the gap in the market, as no other books deal with environmental radioactivity to this degree. * Timely and invaluable as the studies of environmental processes and the awareness of the impact of human activity on our environment are increasing * Links all three main aspects of environmental radioactivity: Principles, Transport and Measurement * Useful to a wide readership - students, lecturers, researchers, companies and environmental consultants

Low level Measurements Of Radioactivity In The Environment Techniques And Applications Proceedings Of The Third International Summer School

Low level Measurements Of Radioactivity In The Environment   Techniques And Applications   Proceedings Of The Third International Summer School Book
Author : M Garcia-leon,R Garcia-tenorio
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 1994-07-27
ISBN : 9814552070
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains the lectures, seminars and abstracts of short communications delivered at the above summer school. The talks are an updated account of the methods used in the detection of radioactivity in nature and in the study of its spread in the environment.

Airborne Radioactive Contamination in Inhabited Areas

Airborne Radioactive Contamination in Inhabited Areas Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-08-14
ISBN : 9780080914251
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For many decades, investigations of the behaviour and implications of radioactive contamination in the environment have focused on agricultural areas and food production. This was due to the erroneous assumption that the consequences of credible contaminating incidents would be restricted to rural areas. However, due to the Chernobyl accident, more than 250,000 persons were removed from their homes, demonstrating a great need for knowledge and instruments that could be applied to minimise the manifold adverse consequences of contamination in inhabited areas. Also, today the world is facing a number of new threats, including radiological terrorism, which would be likely to take place in a city, where most people would become directly affected. A recent report from the US Commission on the Prevention of Weapons of Mass Destruction Proliferation and Terrorism concludes that it is most likely that a large radiological, or even nuclear, terror attack on a major city somewhere in the world will occur before 2013. For the first time ever, the specific problems of airborne radioactive contamination in inhabited areas are treated in a holistically covering treatise, pinpointing factorial interdependencies and describing instruments for mitigation. The state-of-the-art knowledge is here explained in Airborne Radioactive Contamination in Inhabited Areas y leading scientists in the various disciplines of relevance. Unique holistic description of airborne radioactive contamination of inhabited areas and its consequences State-of-the-art information on problems associated with both accidental and malicious contamination events, in particularly 'dirty bombs' Detailed description of processes and parameters governing the severity of contaminating incidents Written by key experts in the world

Radioactivity Transfer in Environment and Food

Radioactivity Transfer in Environment and Food Book
Author : Fokion K Vosniakos
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-04-26
ISBN : 3642287417
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book deals with various consequences of major nuclear accidents, such as in 1986 in Chernobyl and in 2011 in Fukushima. The public is extremely interested in learning more about the movements and risks posed by radiation in the environment related to food supply and food safety. Radionuclides are found in air, water, soil and even in us not only after nuclear accidents because they occur also in nature. Every day, we ingest and inhale radionuclides in our air and food and the water. This book provides a solid underpinning of the basic physical-chemistry and biogeochemistry of naturally occurring and anthrop radioactivity. The mechanisms of radioactive element transfer in the atmosphere, tropospheric and stratospheric diffusion of radioactivity, environmental contamination from accidents and the impact of atmospheric pollution on the food chain, soil and plants, are analyzed and the analytical methods are illustrated. The question of natural radioactivity concentration in building materials is addressed too. While the book contains many case studies and data for Greece, it is of general value. It contributes to the development of international environmentally safe standards and economically reasonable standard regulations based on justified radiological, social and economical legislation concepts.

Plutonium in the Environment

Plutonium in the Environment Book
Author : A. Kudo
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2001-02-23
ISBN : 9780080539140
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first volume of the new series, Radioactivity in the Environment, focuses on the environmental occurrence, the speciation, the behaviour, the fate, the applications and the health consequences of that much-feared and much-publicised element, plutonium. Featuring a collection of selected, peer-reviewed, up-to-date papers by leading researchers in the field, this work provides a state-of-the-art description of plutonium in the environment. This title helps to explain where present frontiers are drawn in our continuing efforts to understand the science of environmental plutonium and will help to place widespread concerns into perspective. As a whole this new book series on environmental radioactivity addresses, at academic research level, the key aspects of this socially important and complex interdisciplinary subject. Presented objectively and with the ultimate authority gained from the many contributions by the world's leading experts, the negative and positive consequences of having a radioactive world around us will be documented and given perspective.

Fukushima Accident

Fukushima Accident Book
Author : Pavel P. Povinec,Katsumi Hirose,Michio Aoyama
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-07-09
ISBN : 0124114873
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fukushima Accident presents up-to-date information on radioactivity released to the atmosphere and the ocean after the accident on the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant, on the distribution of radionuclides in the world atmosphere and oceans, and their impact on the total environment (man, fauna, and flora). The book will evaluate and discuss the post-Fukushima situation, emphasizing radionuclide impacts on the terrestrial and marine environments, and compare it with the pre-Fukushima sources of radionuclides in the environment. The authors’ results, as well as knowledge gathered from the literature, will provide up-to-date information on the present status of the topics. Fukushima Accident is based on the environmental and nuclear research; however, the presentation will be suitable for university-level readers. 2013 PROSE Award winner in Environmental Science from the Association of American Publishers Covers atmospheric and marine radioactivity, providing information on the global atmospheric dispersion of radionuclides in the atmosphere and world oceans Examines radiation doses to the public and biota to understand the health risks to the public and ecosystems Provides information on monitoring radionuclides in the environment – information on sources of radionuclides, their temporal and spatial variations, and radionuclide levels Covers transport of radionuclides from different sources (e.g. nuclear power plants) as well as atmospheric simulations and modeling approaches

Man Made and Natural Radioactivity in Environmental Pollution and Radiochronology

Man Made and Natural Radioactivity in Environmental Pollution and Radiochronology Book
Author : Richard Tykva,Dieter Berg
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-14
ISBN : 9401704961
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The goal of this book is to examine the complex state of radioactivity in the environment, and to understand the interplay of its two principal sources: man-made and natural. The text examines human contributions to release of radionuclides, with an eye to future reductions, and assesses natural occurrences in an evaluation of baseline radioactivity.

Radioactivity in the Environment

Radioactivity in the Environment Book
Author : Ronald L. Kathren
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 1984
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Radioactivity in the Environment book written by Ronald L. Kathren, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Environmental Radioactivity

Environmental Radioactivity Book
Author : Merril Eisenbud
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1987
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Environmental Radioactivity book written by Merril Eisenbud, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Radioactivity in the Environment

Radioactivity in the Environment Book
Author : Vlado Valkovic
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-04-17
ISBN : 0444642137
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Radioactivity in the Environment, Second Edition, presents the facts on the presence of both natural and manmade radionuclides in the environment. Sources of ionizing radiation that can lead to human exposure are discussed, including natural sources, nuclear explosions, nuclear power generation, the use of radiation in medical, industrial and research purposes, and radiation-emitting consumer products. In this thoroughly updated edition, users will find new sections on developments in radioactive nuclides in nature and technologically modified exposure to natural radiation, new threats by terrorist individuals, groups and countries, changes to the status of nuclear power in the world, and more. Additional new sections cover radioisotopes in geo-prospecting and the oil industry, the use of radiation in environmental protection, detector types and detectors used for personal dosimetry, the "Dirty Bomb", the Fukushima accident, and North Korea testing sites and nuclear capabilities. Includes details of analytical laboratory procedures for radioactivity measurement in different samples Features a new chapter on decontamination after radiation exposure Expands the discussion on nuclear fusion to cover ITER and other installations

Papers from the International Conference on Radioactivity in the Environment Monaco 1 5 September 2002

Papers from the International Conference on Radioactivity in the Environment  Monaco  1 5 September 2002 Book
Author : International Conference on Radioactivity in the Environment,Per Strand,Peer Børretzen
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Papers from the International Conference on Radioactivity in the Environment Monaco 1 5 September 2002 book written by International Conference on Radioactivity in the Environment,Per Strand,Peer Børretzen, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Radioactive Particles in the Environment

Radioactive Particles in the Environment Book
Author : Deborah Oughton,Valery Kashparov
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-08-10
ISBN : 9048129478
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Radioactive particles have been released to the environment from a number of sources, including nuclear weapon tests, nuclear accidents and discharges from nuclear installations. Particle characteristics influence the mobility, biological uptake and effects of radionuclides, hence information on these characteristics is essential for assessing environmental impact and risks. This publication presents a series of papers covering sources and source term characterisation, methodologies for characterizing particles, and the impact of particles on the behaviour of radioactive particles in the environment. Sources covered include the Chernobyl accident, nuclear weapons accidents at Thule and Palomares accident, the discharges from Dounreay and Krashnoyarsk, and depleted uranium in Kosovo and Kuwait. The overall aim is that an increased understanding of particle characteristics and behavior will help to reduce some of the uncertainties in environmental impact and risk assessment for particle contaminated areas.

Radioactivity and Radiation

Radioactivity and Radiation Book
Author : Claus Grupen,Mark Rodgers
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-11-03
ISBN : 3319423304
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book lays the foundations for you to understand all that you always wanted to know about radioactivity. It begins by setting out essential information about the structure of matter, how radiation occurs and how it can be measured. It goes on to explore the substantial benefits of radioactivity through its many applications, and also the possible risks associated with its use. The field of radioactivity is explained in layman’s terms, so that everybody who is interested can improve their understanding of issues such as nuclear power, radiation accidents, medical applications of radiation and radioactivity from the environment. Everything is radioactive. There is natural radioactivity in the homes that we live in, the food that we eat and the air that we breath. For over 100 years, people have recognised the potential for radioactivity to help solve problems and improve our standard of living. This has led to the creation of radioactivity levels in some places that are much higher than naturally-occurring background levels. Such high levels of radiation can be harmful to people and the environment, so there is a clear need to manage this potential harm and to make the risk worth the benefits mankind can achieve from radioactive materials.

Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis

Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis Book
Author : Michael F. L'Annunziata
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0123848733
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Authoritative reference providing the principles, practical techniques, and procedures for the accurate measurement of radioactivity.

Radioactive Waste Management and Radioactivity in the Environment

Radioactive Waste Management and Radioactivity in the Environment Book
Author : Great Britain. Department of the Environment
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1987
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Radioactive Waste Management and Radioactivity in the Environment book written by Great Britain. Department of the Environment, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Radioactivity in the Environment

Radioactivity in the Environment Book
Author : S. H. U. Bowie,J. A. Plant
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021-09-25
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Radioactivity in the Environment book written by S. H. U. Bowie,J. A. Plant, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.