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Radio Frequency Digital To Analog Converters

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Studies on Selected Topics in Radio Frequency Digital to Analog Converters

Studies on Selected Topics in Radio Frequency Digital to Analog Converters Book
Author : Mohammad Reza Sadeghifar
Publisher : Linköping University Electronic Press
Release : 2019-10-14
ISBN : 9176850307
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The network latency in fifth generation mobile technology (5G) will be around one millisecond which is much lower than in 4G technology. This significantly faster response time together with higher information capacity and ultra-reliable communication in 5G technology will pave the way for future innovations in a smart and connected society. This new 5G network should be built on a reasonable wireless infrastructure and 5G radio base-stations that can be vastly deployed. That is, while the electrical specification of a radio base-station in 5G should be met in order to have the network functioning, the size, weight and power consumption of the radio system should be optimized to be able to commercially deploy these radios in a huge network. As the number of antenna elements increases in massive multiple-input multiple-output based radios such as in 5G, designing true multi-band base-station radios, with efficient physical size, power consumption and cost in emerging cellular bands especially in mid-bands (frequencies up to 10~GHz), is becoming a challenge. This demands a hard integration of radio components; particularly the radio's digital application-specific integrated circuits (ASIC) with high-performance energy-efficient multi-band data converters. In this dissertation radio frequency digital-to-analog converter (RF DAC) and semi-digital finite-impulse response (FIR) filter digital-to-analog converter has been studied. Different techniques are used in these structures to improve the transmitter's overall performance. In the RF DAC part, a radio frequency digital-to-analog converter solution is presented, which is capable of monolithic integration into today's digital ASIC due to its digital-in-nature architecture, while fulfills the stringent requirements of cellular network radio base station linearity and bandwidth. A voltage-mode conversion method is used as output stage, and configurable mixing logic is employed in the data path to create a higher frequency lobe and utilize the output signal in the first or the second Nyquist zone and hence achieving output frequencies up to the sample rate. In the semi-digital FIR part, optimization problem formulation for semi-digital FIR digital-to-analog converter is investigated. Magnitude and energy metrics with variable coefficient precision are defined for cascaded digital Sigma-Delta modulators, semi-digital FIR filter, and Sinc roll-off frequency response of the DAC. A set of analog metrics as hardware cost is also defined to be included in semi-digital FIR DAC optimization problem formulation. It is shown that hardware cost of the semi-digital FIR DAC, can be reduced by introducing flexible coefficient precision in filter optimization while the semi-digital FIR DAC is not over-designed either. Different use cases are selected to demonstrate the optimization problem formulations. A combination of magnitude metric, energy metric, coefficient precision and analog metric are used in different use cases of the optimization problem formulation and solved to find out the optimum set of analog FIR taps. Moreover, a direct digital-to-RF converter (DRFC) is presented in this thesis where a semi-digital FIR topology utilizes voltage-mode RF DAC cells to synthesize spectrally clean signals at RF frequencies. Due to its digital-in-nature design, the DRFC benefits from technology scaling and can be monolithically integrated into advance digital VLSI systems. A fourth-order single-bit quantizer bandpass digital Sigma-Delta modulator is used preceding the DRFC, resulting in a high in-band signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). The out-of-band spectrally-shaped quantization noise is attenuated by an embedded semi-digital FIR filter. The RF output frequencies are synthesized by a configurable voltage-mode RF DAC solution with a high linearity performance. A compensation technique to cancel the code-dependent supply current variation in voltage-mode RF DAC for radio frequency direct digital frequency synthesizer is also presented in this dissertation and is studied analytically. The voltage-mode RF DAC and the compensation technique are mathematically modeled and system-level simulation is performed to support the analytical discussion.

Radio Frequency Digital to Analog Converters

Radio Frequency Digital to Analog Converters Book
Author : Morteza S Alavi,Jaimin Mehta,Robert Bogdan Staszewski
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-11-18
ISBN : 0128025034
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With the proliferation of wireless networks, there is a need for more compact, low-cost, power efficient transmitters that are capable of supporting the various communication standards, including Bluetooth, WLAN, GSM/EDGE, WCDMA and 4G of 3GPP cellular. This book describes a novel idea of RF digital-to-analog converters (RFDAC) and demonstrates how they can realize all-digital, fully-integrated RF transmitters that support all the current multi-mode and multi-band communication standards. With this book the reader will: Understand the challenges of realizing a universal CMOS RF transmitter Recognize the design issues and the advantages and disadvantages related to analog and digital transmitter architectures Master designing an RF transmitter from system level modeling techniques down to circuit designs and their related layout know-hows Grasp digital polar and I/Q calibration techniques as well as the digital predistortion approaches Learn how to generate appropriate digital I/Q baseband signals in order to apply them to the test chip and measure the RF-DAC performance. Highlights the benefits and implementation challenges of software-defined transmitters using CMOS technology Includes various types of analog and digital RF transmitter architectures for wireless applications Presents an all-digital polar RFDAC transmitter architecture and describes in detail its implementation Presents a new all-digital I/Q RFDAC transmitter architecture and its implementation Provides comprehensive design techniques from system level to circuit level Introduces several digital predistortion techniques which can be used in RF transmitters Describes the entire flow of system modeling, circuit simulation, layout techniques and the measurement process

Radio Frequency Digital to Analog Converter

Radio Frequency Digital to Analog Converter Book
Author : Susan Luschas
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Dynamic performance of high speed, high resolution digital-to-analog converters (DACs) is limited by distortion at the data switching instants. Inter-symbol interference (ISI), imperfect timing synchronization and clock jitter are all culprits. A DAC output current controlled by an oscillating waveform is proposed to mitigate the effects of the switching distortion. The oscillating waveform should be a multiple (k*fs) of the sampling frequency (f), where k>l. The waveforms can be aligned so that the data switching occurs in the zero regions of the oscillating output. This makes the DAC insensitive to switch dynamics and jitter. The architecture has the additional benefit of mixing the DAC impulse response energy to a higher frequency. An image of a low IF input signal can therefore be output directly at a high IF or RF frequency for transmit communications applications. A narrow-band sigma-delta DAC with eight unit elements is chosen to demonstrate the radio frequency digital-to-analog converter (RF DAC) concept. A sigma-delta architecture allows the current source transistors to be smaller since mismatch shaping is employed. Smaller current source transistors have a lower drain capacitance, allowing large high frequency output impedance to be achieved without an extra cascode transistor. Elimination of the cascode reduces transistor headroom requirements and allows the DAC to be built with a 1.8V supply. The RF DAC prototype is targeted to GSM transmit specifications and implemented in 0.1 8ptm CMOS technology. Measured single-tone SFDR is -75dBc, SNR is 52dB, and IMD3 is -70.8dBc over a 17.5MHz bandwidth centered at 942.5MHz. Measured SNR has the predicted dependence on the phase alignment of the data clock and oscillating pulse.

A Poly phased Time interleaved Radio Frequency Digital to analog Converter Poly TI RF DAC

A Poly phased  Time interleaved Radio Frequency Digital to analog Converter  Poly TI RF DAC  Book
Author : Vipul J. Patel
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With increasing data rates and new communication standards owing to substantial advancements in digitizing and signal processing capabilities over the last century, the radio spectrum is increasingly becoming a finite and expensive resource. Furthermore, radar systems and 5G communication systems have revealed the need for gigahertz-frequency signal generation with flexible frequency planning and minimal spurious emissions. Advanced digital-to-analog converters (DACs), along with associated filtering, are critical enablers of these new systems and play a key role in meeting stringent system requirements. In conventional implementations, however, high quality filters are specific to one frequency band thereby limiting their operational agility. Therefore, a DAC architecture that removes undesired image replicas, mixer sidebands, and harmonic nonlinearities is an essential component for flexible frequency synthesis as it allows for reduced filtering requirements while enabling new software-defined transmitter techniques.This dissertation aims to provide a quantitative study and analysis of a poly-phased, time-interleaved Nyquist radio frequency digital-to-analog converter (Poly-TI-RF-DAC) for use in spectrum-agile and software-defined transmitters. Beginning with the fundamental understanding of high-speed DAC capabilities and limitations, the mathematical and behavioral analyses give insight into the signal, sideband, and image replica locations of the proposed architecture. Additionally, the use of a mixing DAC as the core structure is discussed along with how nonlinearities can be canceled with the appropriate choice of frequency planning.

Interleaving Concepts for Digital to Analog Converters

Interleaving Concepts for Digital to Analog Converters Book
Author : Christian Schmidt
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-07-19
ISBN : 3658272643
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modern complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) digital-to-analog converters (DACs) are limited in their bandwidth due to technological constraints. These limitations can be overcome by parallel DAC architectures, which are called interleaving concepts. Christian Schmidt analyzes the limitations and the potential of two innovative DAC interleaving concepts to provide the basis for a practical implementation: the analog multiplexing DAC (AMUX-DAC) and the frequency interleaving DAC (FI-DAC). He presents analytical and discrete-time models as a theoretical foundation and develops digital signal processing (DSP) algorithms to compensate the analog impairments. Further, he quantifies the impact of various limiting parameters with numerical simulations and verifies both concepts in laboratory experiments. About the Author: Christian Schmidt works at the Fraunhofer Heinrich-Hertz-Institute, Berlin, Germany, on innovative solutions for broadband signal generation in the field of optical communications. The studies for his dissertation were carried out at the Technische Universität Berlin and at the Fraunhofer Heinrich-Hertz-Institute, both Berlin, Germany.

Advanced Data Converters

Advanced Data Converters Book
Author : Gabriele Manganaro
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2011-11-17
ISBN : 1139504746
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Need to get up to speed quickly on the latest advances in high performance data converters? Want help choosing the best architecture for your application? With everything you need to know about the key new converter architectures, this guide is for you. It presents basic principles, circuit and system design techniques and associated trade-offs, doing away with lengthy mathematical proofs and providing intuitive descriptions upfront. Everything from time-to-digital converters to comparator-based/zero-crossing ADCs is covered and each topic is introduced with a short summary of the essential basics. Practical examples describing actual chips, along with extensive comparison between architectural or circuit options, ease architecture selection and help you cut design time and engineering risk. Trade-offs, advantages and disadvantages of each option are put into perspective with a discussion of future trends, showing where this field is heading, what is driving it and what the most important unanswered questions are.

Design Modeling and Testing of Data Converters

Design  Modeling and Testing of Data Converters Book
Author : Paolo Carbone,Sayfe Kiaei,Fang Xu
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-10-05
ISBN : 3642396550
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the a scientific discussion of the state-of-the-art techniques and designs for modeling, testing and for the performance analysis of data converters. The focus is put on sustainable data conversion. Sustainability has become a public issue that industries and users can not ignore. Devising environmentally friendly solutions for data conversion designing, modeling and testing is nowadays a requirement that researchers and practitioners must consider in their activities. This book presents the outcome of the IWADC workshop 2011, held in Orvieto, Italy.

Smart and Flexible Digital to Analog Converters

Smart and Flexible Digital to Analog Converters Book
Author : Georgi Radulov,Patrick Quinn,Hans Hegt,Arthur H.M. van Roermund
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-01-07
ISBN : 9400703473
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Smart and Flexible Digital-to-Analog Converters proposes new concepts and implementations for flexibility and self-correction of current-steering digital-to-analog converters (DACs) which allow the attainment of a wide range of functional and performance specifications, with a much reduced dependence on the fabrication process. DAC linearity is analysed with respect to the accuracy of the DAC unit elements. A classification is proposed of the many different current-steering DAC correction methods. The classification reveals methods that do not yet exist in the open literature. Further, this book systematically analyses self-calibration correction methods for the various DAC mismatch errors. For instance, efficient calibration of DAC binary currents is identified as an important missing method. This book goes on to propose a new methodology for correcting mismatch errors of both nominally identical unary as well as scaled binary DAC currents. A new concept for DAC flexibility is presented. The associated architecture is based on a modular design approach that uses parallel sub-DAC units to realize flexible design, functionality and performance. Two main concepts, self-calibration and flexibility, are demonstrated in practice using three DAC testchips in 250nm, 180nm and 40nm standard CMOS. Smart and Flexible Digital-to-Analog Converters will be useful to both advanced professionals and newcomers in the field. Advanced professionals will find new methods that are fully elaborated from analysis at conceptual level to measurement results at test-chip level. New comers in the field will find structured knowledge of fully referenced state-of-the art methods with many fully explained novelties.“/p> DAC linearity is analysed with respect to the accuracy of the DAC unit elements. A classification is proposed of the many different current-steering DAC correction methods. The classification reveals methods that do not yet exist in the open literature. Further, this book systematically analyses self-calibration correction methods for the various DAC mismatch errors. For instance, efficient calibration of DAC binary currents is identified as an important missing method. This book goes on to propose a new methodology for correcting mismatch errors of both nominally identical unary as well as scaled binary DAC currents. A new concept for DAC flexibility is presented. The associated architecture is based on a modular design approach that uses parallel sub-DAC units to realize flexible design, functionality and performance. Two main concepts, self-calibration and flexibility, are demonstrated in practice using three DAC testchips in 250nm, 180nm and 40nm standard CMOS. Smart and Flexible Digital-to-Analog Converters will be useful to both advanced professionals and newcomers in the field. Advanced professionals will find new methods that are fully elaborated from analysis at conceptual level to measurement results at test-chip level. New comers in the field will find structured knowledge of fully referenced state-of-the art methods with many fully explained novelties. This book goes on to propose a new methodology for correcting mismatch errors of both nominally identical unary as well as scaled binary DAC currents. A new concept for DAC flexibility is presented. The associated architecture is based on a modular design approach that uses parallel sub-DAC units to realize flexible design, functionality and performance. Two main concepts, self-calibration and flexibility, are demonstrated in practice using three DAC testchips in 250nm, 180nm and 40nm standard CMOS. Smart and Flexible Digital-to-Analog Converters will be useful to both advanced professionals and newcomers in the field. Advanced professionals will find new methods that are fully elaborated from analysis at conceptual level to measurement results at test-chip level. New comers in the field will find structured knowledge of fully referenced state-of-the art methods with many fully explained novelties. Two main concepts, self-calibration and flexibility, are demonstrated in practice using three DAC testchips in 250nm, 180nm and 40nm standard CMOS. Smart and Flexible Digital-to-Analog Converters will be useful to both advanced professionals and newcomers in the field. Advanced professionals will find new methods that are fully elaborated from analysis at conceptual level to measurement results at test-chip level. New comers in the field will find structured knowledge of fully referenced state-of-the art methods with many fully explained novelties.

Radio Frequency Electronics

Radio Frequency Electronics Book
Author : Jon B. Hagen
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1996-11-13
ISBN : 9780521553568
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive introduction to the basic concepts and key circuits of radio frequency systems.

Design of RF IF Analog to Digital Converters for Software Radio Communication Receivers

Design of RF IF Analog to Digital Converters for Software Radio Communication Receivers Book
Author : Bharath Kumar Thandri
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Software radio architecture can support multiple standards by performing analog-to-digital (A/D) conversion of the radio frequency (RF) signals and running reconfigurable software programs on the backend digital signal processor (DSP). A slight variation of this architecture is the software defined radio architecture in which the A/D conversion is performed on intermediate frequency (IF) signals after a single down conversion. The first part of this research deals with the design and implementation of a fourth order continuous time bandpass sigma-delta (CT BP) ADC based on LC filters for direct RF digitization at 950 MHz with a clock frequency of 3.8 GHz. A new ADC architecture is proposed which uses only non-return to zero feedback digital to analog converter pulses to mitigate problems associated with clock jitter. The architecture also has full control over tuning of the coefficients of the noise transfer function for obtaining the best signal to noise ratio (SNR) performance. The operation of the architecture is examined in detail and extra design parameters are introduced to ensure robust operation of the ADC. Measurement results of the ADC, implemented in IBM 0.25 ưm SiGe BiCMOS technology, show SNR of 63 dB and 59 dB in signal bandwidths of 200 kHz and 1 MHz, respectively, around 950 MHz while consuming 75 mW of power from " 1.25 V supply. The second part of this research deals with the design of a fourth order CT BP [sigma-delta] ADC based on gm-C integrators with an automatic digital tuning scheme for IF digitization at 125 MHz and a clock frequency of 500 MHz. A linearized CMOS OTA architecture combines both cross coupling and source degeneration in order to obtain good IM3 performance. A system level digital tuning scheme is proposed to tune the ADC performance over process, voltage and temperature variations. The output bit stream of the ADC is captured using an external DSP, where a software tuning algorithm tunes the ADC parameters for best SNR performance. The IF ADC was designed in TSMC 0.35 ưm CMOS technology and it consumes 152 mW of power from " 1.65 V supply.

Finite Impulse Response Current Steering Radio Frequency Digital to Analog Converter for Digital IF Transmitter Architecture

Finite Impulse Response Current Steering Radio Frequency Digital to Analog Converter for Digital IF Transmitter Architecture Book
Author : Shahin Mehdizad Taleie
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Finite Impulse Response Current Steering Radio Frequency Digital to Analog Converter for Digital IF Transmitter Architecture book written by Shahin Mehdizad Taleie, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Official Gazette of the United States Patent and Trademark Office

Official Gazette of the United States Patent and Trademark Office Book
Author : United States. Patent and Trademark Office
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2002
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Official Gazette of the United States Patent and Trademark Office book written by United States. Patent and Trademark Office, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Multi Mode Multi Band RF Transceivers for Wireless Communications

Multi Mode   Multi Band RF Transceivers for Wireless Communications Book
Author : Gernot Hueber,Robert Bogdan Staszewski
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-04-04
ISBN : 9781118102206
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Summarizes cutting-edge physical layer technologies for multi-mode wireless RF transceivers. Includes original contributions from distinguished researchers and professionals. Covers cutting-edge physical layer technologies for multi-mode wireless RF transceivers. Contributors are all leading researchers and professionals in this field.

Engineering Embedded Systems

Engineering Embedded Systems Book
Author : Peter Hintenaus
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-10-30
ISBN : 3319106805
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is a textbook for graduate and final-year-undergraduate computer-science and electrical-engineering students interested in the hardware and software aspects of embedded and cyberphysical systems design. It is comprehensive and self-contained, covering everything from the basics to case-study implementation. Emphasis is placed on the physical nature of the problem domain and of the devices used. The reader is assumed to be familiar on a theoretical level with mathematical tools like ordinary differential equation and Fourier transforms. In this book these tools will be put to practical use. Engineering Embedded Systems begins by addressing basic material on signals and systems, before introducing to electronics. Treatment of digital electronics accentuating synchronous circuits and including high-speed effects proceeds to micro-controllers, digital signal processors and programmable logic. Peripheral units and decentralized networks are given due weight. The properties of analog circuits and devices like filters and data converters are covered to the extent desirable by a systems architect. The handling of individual elements concludes with power supplies including regulators and converters. The final section of the text is composed of four case studies: • electric-drive control, permanent magnet synchronous motors in particular; • lock-in amplification with measurement circuits for weight and torque, and moisture; • design of a simple continuous wave radar that can be operated to measure speed and distance; and • design of a Fourier transform infrared spectrometer for process applications. End-of-chapter exercises will assist the student to assimilate the tutorial material and these are supplemented by a downloadable solutions manual for instructors. The “pen-and-paper” problems are further augmented with laboratory activities. In addition to its student market, Engineering Embedded Systems will assist industrial practitioners working in systems architecture and the design of electronic measurement systems to keep up to date with developments in embedded systems through self study.

Radio Frequency Integrated Circuit Design for Cognitive Radio Systems

Radio Frequency Integrated Circuit Design for Cognitive Radio Systems Book
Author : Amr Fahim
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-03-03
ISBN : 331911011X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book fills an information gap on cognitive radios, since the discussion focuses on the implementation issues that are unique to cognitive radios and how to solve them at both the architecture and circuit levels. This is the first book to describe in detail cognitive radio systems, as well as the circuit implementation and architectures required to implement such systems. Throughout the book, requirements and constraints imposed by cognitive radio systems are emphasized when discussing the circuit implementation details. This is a valuable reference for anybody with background in analog and radio frequency (RF) integrated circuit design, needing to learn more about integrated circuits requirements and implementation for cognitive radio systems.

Design of High Speed Time Interleaved Delta Sigma D A Converters

Design of High Speed Time Interleaved Delta Sigma D A Converters Book
Author : Ameya Bhide
Publisher : Linköping University Electronic Press
Release : 2015-08-19
ISBN : 9175190176
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Digital-to-analog (D/A) converters (or DACs) are one the fundamental building blocks of wireless transmitters. In order to support the increasing demand for highdata-ate communication, a large bandwidth is required from the DAC. With the advances in CMOS scaling, there is an increasing trend of moving a large part of the transceiver functionality to the digital domain in order to reduce the analog complexity and allow easy reconguration for multiple radio standards. ?? DACs can t very well into this trend of digital architectures as they contain a large digital signal processing component and oer two advantages over the traditionally used Nyquist DACs. Firstly, the number of DAC unit current cells is reduced which relaxes their matching and output impedance requirements and secondly, the reconstruction lter order is reduced. Achieving a large bandwidth from ?? DACs requires a very high operating frequency of many-GHz from the digital blocks due to the oversampling involved. This can be very challenging to achieve using conventional ?? DAC architectures, even in nanometer CMOS processes. Time-interleaved ?? (TIDSM) DACs have the potential of improving the bandwidth and sampling rate by relaxing the speed of the individual channels. However, they have received only some attention over the past decade and very few previous works been reported on this topic. Hence, the aim of this dissertation is to investigate architectural and circuit techniques that can further enhance the bandwidth and sampling rate of TIDSM DACs. The rst work is an 8-GS/s interleaved ?? DAC prototype IC with 200-MHz bandwidth implemented in 65-nm CMOS. The high sampling rate is achieved by a two-channel interleaved MASH 1-1 digital ?? modulator with 3-bit output, resulting in a highly digital DAC with only seven current cells. Two-channel interleaving allows the use of a single clock for both the logic and the nal multiplexing. This requires each channel to operate at half the sampling rate i.e. 4 GHz. This is enabled by a high-speed pipelined MASH structure with robust static logic. Measurement results from the prototype show that the DAC achieves 200-MHz bandwidth, –57-dBc IM3 and 26-dB SNDR, with a power consumption of 68-mW at 1-V digital and 1.2-V analog supplies. This architecture shows good potential for use in the transmitter baseband. While a good linearity is obtained from this DAC, the SNDR is found to be limited by the testing setup for sending high-speed digital data into the prototype. The performance of a two-channel interleaved ?? DAC is found to be very sensitive to the duty-cycle of the half-rate clock. The second work analyzes this eect mathematically and presents a new closed-form expression for the SNDR loss of two-channel DACs due to the duty cycle error (DCE) for a noise transfer function (NTF) of (1 — z—1)n. It is shown that a low-order FIR lter after the modulator helps to mitigate this problem. A closed-form expression for the SNDR loss in the presence of this lter is also developed. These expressions are useful for choosing a suitable modulator and lter order for an interleaved ?? DAC in the early stage of the design process. A comparison between the FIR lter and compensation techniques for DCE mitigation is also presented. The nal work is a 11 GS/s 1.1 GHz bandwidth time-interleaved DAC prototype IC in 65-nm CMOS for the 60-GHz radio baseband. The high sampling rate is again achieved by using a two-channel interleaved MASH 1-1 architecture with a 4-bit output i.e only fteen analog current cells. The single clock architecture for the logic and the multiplexing requires each channel to operate at 5.5 GHz. To enable this, a new look-ahead technique is proposed that decouples the two channels within the modulator feedback path thereby improving the speed as compared to conventional loop-unrolling. Full speed DAC testing is enabled by an on-chip 1 Kb memory whose read path also operates at 5.5 GHz. Measurement results from the prototype show that the ?? DAC achieves >53 dB SFDR, < —49 dBc IM3 and 39 dB SNDR within a 1.1 GHz bandwidth while consuming 117 mW from 1 V digital/1.2 V analog supplies. The proposed ?? DAC can satisfy the spectral mask of the 60-GHz radio IEEE 802.11ad WiGig standard with a second order reconstruction lter.

Radio Frequency Integrated Circuit Design

Radio Frequency Integrated Circuit Design Book
Author : John W. M. Rogers,Calvin Plett
Publisher : Artech House
Release : 2014-05-14
ISBN : 1607839806
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This newly revised and expanded edition of the 2003 Artech House classic, Radio Frequency Integrated Circuit Design, serves as an up-to-date, practical reference for complete RFIC know-how. The second edition includes numerous updates, including greater coverage of CMOS PA design, RFIC design with on-chip components, and more worked examples with simulation results. By emphasizing working designs, this book practically transports you into the authorsOCO own RFIC lab so you can fully understand the function of each design detailed in this book. Among the RFIC designs examined are RF integrated LC-based filters, VCO automatic amplitude control loops, and fully integrated transformer-based circuits, as well as image reject mixers and power amplifiers.If you are new to RFIC design, you can benefit from the introduction to basic theory so you can quickly come up to speed on how RFICs perform and work together in a communications device. A thorough examination of RFIC technology guides you in knowing when RFICs are the right choice for designing a communication device. This leading-edge resource is packed with over 1,000 equations and more than 435 illustrations that support key topics."

Principles of Ad hoc Networking

Principles of Ad hoc Networking Book
Author : Michel Barbeau,Evangelos Kranakis
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2007-04-30
ISBN : 9780470512487
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Principles of Ad Hoc Networking presents a systematic introduction to the fundamentals of ad hoc networks. An ad-hoc network is a small network, especially one with wireless or temporary plug-in connections. Typically, some of the network devices are part of the network only for the duration of a communications session or, in the case of mobile or portable devices, while in some close proximity to the rest of the network. These networks can range from small and static systems with constrained power resources to larger-scale dynamic and mobile environments. Wireless ad hoc networks facilitate numerous and diverse applications for establishing survivable dynamic systems in emergency and rescue operations, disaster relief and intelligent home settings. Principles of Ad Hoc Networking: Introduces the essential characteristics of ad hoc networks such as: physical layer, medium access control, Bluetooth discovery and network formation, wireless network programming and protocols. Explains the crucial components involved in ad-hoc networks in detail with numerous exercises to aid understanding. Offers key results and merges practical methodologies with mathematical considerations. Principles of Ad Hoc Networking will prove essential reading for graduate students in Computer Science, Electrical Engineering, Applied Mathematics and Physics as well as researchers in the field of ad hoc networking, professionals in wireless telecoms, and networking system developers. Check out www.scs.carleton.ca/~barbeau/pahn/index.htm for further reading, sample chapters, a bibliography and lecture slides!

Radio Frequency System Architecture and Design

Radio Frequency System Architecture and Design Book
Author : John W. M. Rogers,Calvin Plett,Ian Marsland
Publisher : Artech House
Release : 2013-10-01
ISBN : 1608075370
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Communication devices such as smart phones, GPS systems, and Bluetooth, are now part of our daily lives more than ever before. As our communication equipment becomes more sophisticated, so do the radios and other hardware required to enable that technology. Common radio architectures are required to make this technology work seamlessly. This resource describes practical aspects of radio frequency communications systems design, bridging the gap between system-level design considerations and circuit-level design specifications. Industry experts not only provide detailed calculations and theory to determine block level specifications, but also discuss basic theory and operational concepts. This resource also includes extensive, up-to-date application examples.