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Remote Sensing with Imaging Radar

Remote Sensing with Imaging Radar Book
Author : John A. Richards
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-10-08
ISBN : 3642020208
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is concerned with remote sensing based on the technology of imaging radar. It assumes no prior knowledge of radar on the part of the reader, commencing with a treatment of the essential concepts of microwave imaging and progressing through to the development of multipolarisation and interferometric radar, modes which underpin contemporary applications of the technology. The use of radar for imaging the earth’s surface and its resources is not recent. Aircraft-based microwave systems were operating in the 1960s, ahead of optical systems that image in the visible and infrared regions of the spectrum. Optical remote sensing was given a strong impetus with the launch of the first of the Landsat series of satellites in the mid 1970s. Although the Seasat satellite launched in the same era (1978) carried an imaging radar, it operated only for about 12 months and there were not nearly so many microwave systems as optical platforms in service during the 1980s. As a result, the remote sensing community globally tended to develop strongly around optical imaging until Shuttle missions in the early to mid 1980s and free-flying imaging radar satellites in the early to mid 1990s became available, along with several sophisticated aircraft platforms. Since then, and particularly with the unique capabilities and flexibility of imaging radar, there has been an enormous surge of interest in microwave imaging technology. Unlike optical imaging, understanding the theoretical underpinnings of imaging radar can be challenging, particularly when new to the field.

Land Applications of Radar Remote Sensing

Land Applications of Radar Remote Sensing Book
Author : Damien Closson,Francesco Holecz,Paolo Pasquali,Nada Milisavljevic
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2014-06-11
ISBN : 9535115898
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The aim of this book is to demonstrate the use of SAR data in three application domains, i.e. land cover (Part II), topography (Part III), and land motion (Part IV). These are preceded by Part I, where an extensive and complete review on speckle and adaptive filtering is provided, essential for the understanding of SAR images. Part II is dedicated to land cover mapping. Part III is devoted to the generation of Digital Elevation Models based on radargrammetry and on a wise fusion (by considering sensor characteristic and acquisition geometry) of interferometric and photogrammetric elevation data. Part IV provides a contribution to three applications related to land motion.

Radar Remote Sensing of Urban Areas

Radar Remote Sensing of Urban Areas Book
Author : Uwe Soergel
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-03-10
ISBN : 9789048137510
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

One of the key milestones of radar remote sensing for civil applications was the launch of the European Remote Sensing Satellite 1 (ERS 1) in 1991. The platform carried a variety of sensors; the Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) is widely cons- ered to be the most important. This active sensing technique provides all-day and all-weather mapping capability of considerably ?ne spatial resolution. ERS 1 and its sister system ERS 2 (launch 1995) were primarily designed for ocean app- cations, but soon the focus of attention turned to onshore mapping. Examples for typical applications are land cover classi?cation also in tropical zones and mo- toring of glaciers or urban growth. In parallel, international Space Shuttle Missions dedicated to radar remote sensing were conducted starting already in the 1980s. The most prominent were the SIR-C/X-SAR mission focussing on the investigation of multi-frequency and multi-polarization SAR data and the famous Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM). Data acquired during the latter enabled to derive a DEM of almost global coverage by means of SAR Interferometry. It is indispe- ableeventodayandformanyregionsthebestelevationmodelavailable. Differential SAR Interferometry based on time series of imagery of the ERS satellites and their successor Envisat became an important and unique technique for surface defor- tion monitoring. The spatial resolution of those devices is in the order of some tens of meters.

Spatial Analysis for Radar Remote Sensing of Tropical Forests

Spatial Analysis for Radar Remote Sensing of Tropical Forests Book
Author : Gianfranco D. De Grandi,Elsa Carla De Grandi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-03-25
ISBN : 100036478X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Spatial Analysis for Radar Remote Sensing of Tropical Forests is based on the authors’ extensive involvement in Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) mapping projects, targeting the health of an earth ecosystem with great relevance for climate change studies: the tropical forests. The subject is developed from a vantage point provided by analysis in a combined space, scale (frequency), time, wavelength, polarization domain. The combination of space and scale offers the capability to zoom in and out like a virtual microscope to the resolution in tune with the underlying ecological phenomenon. It also enables statistical measures (correlations) related to the forest spatial distribution in case of backscatter, or to the canopy height variations in case of interferometric observations. The time dimension brings into play measures of the ecosystem dynamics, such as the flooding extent in the swamp forests, deforestation or degradation events. Wavelength and polarization agility extend the abovementioned capabilities by radar observations that are in tune with particular characteristics of the forest and terrain layers. The book’s spotlight is on radar spatial random fields, these being populated by either backscatter observations or elevation data from interferometric SAR. The basic tenet here is that the spatial statistic of the fields measured by the wavelet variance (in stationary or non-stationary situations) carries fingerprints of the forest structure. Features: Uniquely focused on specific techniques that provide multi-resolution spatial and temporal analysis of forest structure characteristics and changes. Examines several large and important international remote sensing projects aimed at documenting entire tropical ecosystems. Provides novel wavelet methods for tropical forest structural measures. As the first book on this topic, this composite approach appeals to both students learning through important case studies and to researchers finding new ideas for future studies.

Radar Remote Sensing of Planetary Surfaces

Radar Remote Sensing of Planetary Surfaces Book
Author : Bruce A. Campbell
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2002-03-14
ISBN : 9780521583084
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A 2002 introduction to radar remote sensing of terrestrial surfaces, including data collection and image interpretation.

Radar Remote Sensing for Crop Biophysical Parameter Estimation

Radar Remote Sensing for Crop Biophysical Parameter Estimation Book
Author : Dipankar Mandal,Avik Bhattacharya,Yalamanchili Subrahmanyeswara Rao
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-08-16
ISBN : 9811644241
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a timely investigation of radar remote sensing observations for agricultural crop monitoring and advancements of research techniques and their applicability for crop biophysical parameter estimation. It introduces theoretical background of radar scattering from vegetation volume and semi-empirical modelling approaches that are the foundation for biophysical parameter inversion. The contents will help readers explore the state-of-the-art crop monitoring and biophysical parameter estimation using approaches radar remote sensing. It is useful guide for academicians, practitioners and policymakers.

Radar Remote Sensing

Radar Remote Sensing Book
Author : Prashant K. K. Srivastava,Dileep Kumar Gupta,Tanvir Islam,Dawei Han,Rajendra Prasad
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-08-27
ISBN : 0128235942
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Radar Remote Sensing: Applications and Challenges advances the scientific understanding, development, and application of radar remote sensing using monostatic, bistatic and multi-static radar geometry. This multidisciplinary reference pulls together a collection of the recent developments and applications of radar remote sensing using different radar geometry and platforms at local, regional and global levels. Radar Remote Sensing is for researchers and practitioners with earth and environmental and meteorological sciences, who are interested in radar remote sensing in ground based scatterometer and SAR systems; air borne scatterometer and SAR systems; space borne scatterometer and SAR systems. Covers monostatic, bistatic and multi-static radar geometry Features case studies, including experimental investigations, for practical application Includes geophysical, oceanographical, and meteorological Synthetic Aperture Radar data

Land Surface Remote Sensing in Continental Hydrology

Land Surface Remote Sensing in Continental Hydrology Book
Author : Nicolas Baghdadi,Mehrez Zribi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-09-19
ISBN : 0081011814
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The continental hydrological cycle is one of the least understood components of the climate system. The understanding of the different processes involved is important in the fields of hydrology and meteorology. In this volume the main applications for continental hydrology are presented, including the characterization of the states of continental surfaces (water state, snow cover, etc.) using active and passive remote sensing, monitoring the Antarctic ice sheet and land water surface heights using radar altimetry, the characterization of redistributions of water masses using the GRACE mission, the potential of GNSS-R technology in hydrology, and remote sensing data assimilation in hydrological models. This book, part of a set of six volumes, has been produced by scientists who are internationally renowned in their fields. It is addressed to students (engineers, Masters, PhD) , engineers and scientists, specialists in remote sensing applied to hydrology. Through this pedagogical work, the authors contribute to breaking down the barriers that hinder the use of Earth observation data. Provides clear and concise descriptions of modern remote sensing methods Explores the most current remote sensing techniques with physical aspects of the measurement (theory) and their applications Provides chapters on physical principles, measurement, and data processing for each technique described Describes optical remote sensing technology, including a description of acquisition systems and measurement corrections to be made

Understanding Synthetic Aperture Radar Images

Understanding Synthetic Aperture Radar Images Book
Author : Chris Oliver,Shaun Quegan
Publisher : SciTech Publishing
Release : 2004
ISBN : 1891121316
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This practical reference shows SAR system designers and remote sensing specialists how to produce higher quality SAR images using data-driven algorithms, and apply powerful new techniques to measure and analyze SAR image content.

Spaceborne Radar Remote Sensing

Spaceborne Radar Remote Sensing Book
Author : Charles Elachi
Publisher : IEEE
Release : 1987
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Spaceborne Radar Remote Sensing book written by Charles Elachi, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Remote Sensing with Polarimetric Radar

Remote Sensing with Polarimetric Radar Book
Author : Harold Mott
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2006-12-05
ISBN : 0470079800
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Discover the principles and techniques of remote sensing with polarimetric radar This book presents the principles central to understanding polarized wave transmission, scattering, and reception in communication systems and polarimetric and non-polarimetric radar. Readers gain new insight into the methods for remotely gathering data about the earth's surface and atmosphere with polarimetric synthetic-aperture radar and polarimetric interferometry, including the changes that take place with seasons, floods, earthquakes, and other natural phenomena. In particular, with the book's focus on polarimetric radars, readers discover how to exploit the many special features of these systems, which provide the maximum amount of information that can be obtained remotely with radar. Introductory-level coverage of electromagnetic wave propagation, antennas, radar and synthetic aperture radar, probability and random processes, and radar interferometry serves as a foundation for advancing to more complex material. A more advanced mathematical and technical treatment enables readers to fully grasp polarized wave transmission, propagation, and reception in communication systems and polarimetric-radar remote sensing. Readers will discover much new material in this text, including: Distinguishing between coherently-measured and incoherently-measured target matrices for power, recognizing that the two matrix types are not equivalent in representing targets Removing unpolarized components from the scattered wave and deriving a target matrix for classification from the resulting coherently-scattered wave Selecting an antenna polarization to maximize the contrast between desired and undesired depolarizing targets Problems ranging in complexity from introductory to challenging are presented throughout the text. Engineers will find this an ideal reference to help them fully utilize the powerful capabilities of polarimetric radar. It will also help agronomists, geographers, meteorologists, and other scientists who use remotely obtained data about the earth to evaluate procedures and better interpret the data. The book can also be tailored to both undergraduate and graduate courses in remote sensing, and recommendations are given for text material suitable for such courses.

Polarimetric Synthetic Aperture Radar

Polarimetric Synthetic Aperture Radar Book
Author : Irena Hajnsek,Yves-Louis Desnos
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-03-24
ISBN : 3030565041
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This open access book focuses on the practical application of electromagnetic polarimetry principles in Earth remote sensing with an educational purpose. In the last decade, the operations from fully polarimetric synthetic aperture radar such as the Japanese ALOS/PalSAR, the Canadian Radarsat-2 and the German TerraSAR-X and their easy data access for scientific use have developed further the research and data applications at L,C and X band. As a consequence, the wider distribution of polarimetric data sets across the remote sensing community boosted activity and development in polarimetric SAR applications, also in view of future missions. Numerous experiments with real data from spaceborne platforms are shown, with the aim of giving an up-to-date and complete treatment of the unique benefits of fully polarimetric synthetic aperture radar data in five different domains: forest, agriculture, cryosphere, urban and oceans.

Microwave Radar and Radiometric Remote Sensing

Microwave Radar and Radiometric Remote Sensing Book
Author : Fawwaz Tayssir Ulaby,David G. Long,William J. Blackwell,Charles Elachi,Kamal Sarabandi
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 9780472119356
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Microwave Radar and Radiometric Remote Sensing book written by Fawwaz Tayssir Ulaby,David G. Long,William J. Blackwell,Charles Elachi,Kamal Sarabandi, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Radar Interferometry

Radar Interferometry Book
Author : Ramon F. Hanssen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-04-18
ISBN : 0306476339
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is the product of five and a half years of research dedicated to the und- standing of radar interferometry, a relatively new space-geodetic technique for m- suring the earth’s topography and its deformation. The main reason for undertaking this work, early 1995, was the fact that this technique proved to be extremely useful for wide-scale, fine-resolution deformation measurements. Especially the interf- ometric products from the ERS-1 satellite provided beautiful first results—several interferometric images appeared as highlights on the cover of journals such as Nature and Science. Accuracies of a few millimeters in the radar line of sight were claimed in semi-continuous image data acquired globally, irrespective of cloud cover or solar illumination. Unfortunately, because of the relative lack of supportive observations at these resolutions and accuracies, validation of the precision and reliability of the results remained an issue of concern. From a geodetic point of view, several survey techniques are commonly available to measure a specific geophysical phenomenon. To make an optimal choice between these techniques it is important to have a uniform and quantitative approach for describing the errors and how these errors propagate to the estimated parameters. In this context, the research described in this book was initiated. It describes issues involved with different types of errors, induced by the sensor, the data processing, satellite positioning accuracy, atmospheric propagation, and scattering character- tics. Nevertheless, as the first item in the subtitle “Data Interpretation and Error Analysis” suggests, data interpretation is not always straightforward.

Satellite Radar Interferometry

Satellite Radar Interferometry Book
Author : V. B. H. (Gini) Ketelaar
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-04-07
ISBN : 1402094280
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book investigates the applicability of satellite radar interferometry (InSAR) for deformation monitoring. The presented methodologies are demonstrated in an integrated way for the entire northern part of the Netherlands and a part of Germany.

Polarimetric Radar Imaging

Polarimetric Radar Imaging Book
Author : Jong-Sen Lee,Eric Pottier
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-12-19
ISBN : 1420054988
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The recent launches of three fully polarimetric synthetic aperture radar (PolSAR) satellites have shown that polarimetric radar imaging can provide abundant data on the Earth’s environment, such as biomass and forest height estimation, snow cover mapping, glacier monitoring, and damage assessment. Written by two of the most recognized leaders in this field, Polarimetric Radar Imaging: From Basics to Applications presents polarimetric radar imaging and processing techniques and shows how to develop remote sensing applications using PolSAR imaging radar. The book provides a substantial and balanced introduction to the basic theory and advanced concepts of polarimetric scattering mechanisms, speckle statistics and speckle filtering, polarimetric information analysis and extraction techniques, and applications typical to radar polarimetric remote sensing. It explains the importance of wave polarization theory and the speckle phenomenon in the information retrieval problem of microwave imaging and inverse scattering. The authors demonstrate how to devise intelligent information extraction algorithms for remote sensing applications. They also describe more advanced polarimetric analysis techniques for polarimetric target decompositions, polarization orientation effects, polarimetric scattering modeling, speckle filtering, terrain and forest classification, manmade target analysis, and PolSAR interferometry. With sample PolSAR data sets and software available for download, this self-contained, hands-on book encourages you to analyze space-borne and airborne PolSAR and polarimetric interferometric SAR (Pol-InSAR) data and then develop applications using this data.

Remote Sensing of Clouds and Precipitation

Remote Sensing of Clouds and Precipitation Book
Author : Constantin Andronache
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-02-21
ISBN : 3319725831
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents current applications of remote sensing techniques for clouds and precipitation for the benefit of students, educators, and scientists. It covers ground-based systems such as weather radars and spaceborne instruments on satellites. Measurements and modeling of precipitation are at the core of weather forecasting, and long-term observations of the cloud system are vital to improving atmospheric models and climate projections. The first section of the book focuses on the use of ground-based weather radars to observe and measure precipitation and to detect and forecast storms, thunderstorms, and tornadoes. It also discusses the observation of clouds using ground-based millimeter radar. The second part of the book concentrates on spaceborne remote sensing of clouds and precipitation. It includes cases from the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) and the Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) mission, using satellite radars to observe precipitation systems. Then, the focus is on global cloud observations from the ClaudSat, Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observation (CALIPSO), including a perspective on the Earth Clouds, Aerosols, and Radiation Explorer (EarthCARE) satellite. It also addresses global atmospheric water vapor profiling for clear and cloudy conditions using microwave observations. The final part of this volume provides a perspective into advances in cloud modeling using remote sensing observations.

Remote Sensing Imagery

Remote Sensing Imagery Book
Author : Florence Tupin,Jordi Inglada,Jean-Marie Nicolas
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-02-19
ISBN : 1118898923
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Dedicated to remote sensing images, from their acquisition to theiruse in various applications, this book covers the global lifecycleof images, including sensors and acquisition systems, applicationssuch as movement monitoring or data assimilation, and image anddata processing. It is organized in three main parts. The first part presentstechnological information about remote sensing (choice of satelliteorbit and sensors) and elements of physics related to sensing(optics and microwave propagation). The second part presents imageprocessing algorithms and their specificities for radar or optical,multi and hyper-spectral images. The final part is devoted toapplications: change detection and analysis of time series,elevation measurement, displacement measurement and dataassimilation. Offering a comprehensive survey of the domain of remote sensingimagery with a multi-disciplinary approach, this book is suitablefor graduate students and engineers, with backgrounds either incomputer science and applied math (signal and image processing) orgeo-physics. About the Authors Florence Tupin is Professor at Telecom ParisTech, France. Herresearch interests include remote sensing imagery, image analysisand interpretation, three-dimensional reconstruction, and syntheticaperture radar, especially for urban remote sensingapplications. Jordi Inglada works at the Centre National d’ÉtudesSpatiales (French Space Agency), Toulouse, France, in the field ofremote sensing image processing at the CESBIO laboratory. He is incharge of the development of image processing algorithms for theoperational exploitation of Earth observation images, mainly in thefield of multi-temporal image analysis for land use and coverchange. Jean-Marie Nicolas is Professor at Telecom ParisTech in the Signaland Imaging department. His research interests include the modelingand processing of synthetic aperture radar images.

Introduction to Microwave Remote Sensing

Introduction to Microwave Remote Sensing Book
Author : Iain H. Woodhouse
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-07-12
ISBN : 1351989014
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Introduction to Microwave Remote Sensing offers an extensive overview of this versatile and extremely precise technology for technically oriented undergraduates and graduate students. This textbook emphasizes an important shift in conceptualization and directs it toward students with prior knowledge of optical remote sensing: the author dispels any linkage between microwave and optical remote sensing. Instead, he constructs the concept of microwave remote sensing by comparing it to the process of audio perception, explaining the workings of the ear as a metaphor for microwave instrumentation. This volume takes an “application-driven” approach. Instead of describing the technology and then its uses, this textbook justifies the need for measurement then explains how microwave technology addresses this need. Following a brief summary of the field and a history of the use of microwaves, the book explores the physical properties of microwaves and the polarimetric properties of electromagnetic waves. It examines the interaction of microwaves with matter, analyzes passive atmospheric and passive surface measurements, and describes the operation of altimeters and scatterometers. The textbook concludes by explaining how high resolution images are created using radars, and how techniques of interferometry can be applied to both passive and active sensors.

Ocean Remote Sensing Technologies

Ocean Remote Sensing Technologies Book
Author : Weimin Huang,Eric W. Gill
Publisher : IET
Release : 2021-12-17
ISBN : 1839531614
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book provides a systematic introduction to the principles, state-of-the-art methods and applications of high frequency surface/sky wave radar and microwave marine radar, as well as an exploration of ongoing challenges in the field. It is a valuable resource for the radar and remote sensing communities.