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Quaternary Ecology Evolution And Biogeography

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Quaternary Ecology Evolution and Biogeography

Quaternary Ecology  Evolution  and Biogeography Book
Author : Valenti Rull
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-03-05
ISBN : 0128204745
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Quaternary Ecology, Evolution, and Biogeography offers an introduction to the study of the ecological and evolutionary processes that have shaped our present biosphere under the influence of glacial-interglacial cycles. Written by an ecologist with paleoecological expertise, this book reviews the climactic changes that have occurred during the last 2.6 million years, along with the responses of organisms and ecosystems. It offers an understanding of the evolutionary origin of extant biodiversity, its biogeographical patterns, and the composition of modern ecological communities. In addition, it explores human evolution and the influence of our activities on the biosphere, especially in the last millennia. This book offers the latest information on how studying the past can contribute to our understanding of present climate issues for a better future, and is an ideal resource for researchers and students in the natural sciences. Includes the latest developments in genomics and their relevance within Quaternary evolution Offers a holistic view of the origin of biodiversity patterns and community assembly Discusses the role of climate on human evolution and the ecological consequences for natural systems

Biodiversity

Biodiversity Book
Author : John Spicer
Publisher : Simon and Schuster
Release : 2021-05-06
ISBN : 0861540182
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Our future is closely tied to that of the variety of life on Earth, and yet there is no greater threat to it than us. From population explosions and habitat destruction to climate change and mass extinctions, John Spicer explores the causes and consequences of our biodiversity crisis. In this revised and updated edition, he examines how grave the situation has become over the past decade and outlines what we must do now to protect and preserve not just nature’s wonders but the essential services that biodiversity provides for us, seemingly for nothing.

Biogeography and Ecology of New Guinea

Biogeography and Ecology of New Guinea Book
Author : J.L. Gressit
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9400986327
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

J. L. Gressitt New Guinea is a fantastic island, unique and fascinating. It is an area of incredible variety of geomorphology, biota, peoples, languages, history, tradi tions and cultures. Diversity is its prime characteristic, whatever the subject of interest. To a biogeographer it is tantalizing, as well as confusing or frustrating when trying to determine the history of its biota. To an ecologist, and to all biologists, it is a happy hunting ground of endless surprises and unanswered questions. To a conservationist it is like a dream come true, a "flash-back" of a few centuries, as well as a challenge for the future. New Guinea is so special that it is hard to compare it with other islands or tropical areas. It is something apart, with its very complicated history (chapters I: 2-4, II: 1-4, III: I, VI: I, 2). It is partly old but to a great extent very young, yet extremely rich and complex. It has biota of different sources - to such a degree that it is still disputed in this volume as to what Realm it belongs to: the Paleotropical or Notogaean (Australian); or what Region: Oriental, "Oceanic," Papuan or Australian. The terms Papuasian, Indo-Australian and Australasian also have been applied to the area.

Island Biogeography

Island Biogeography Book
Author : Robert J. Whittaker
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 1998
ISBN : 9780198500209
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Work on evolution on islands has a long-established biogeographical pedigree, stretching back to the work of Darwin and Wallace. Research generated ideas, theories, and models which have played a central role in the development of mainstream ecology, evolutionary biology, and biogeography. Island Biogeography is a new textbook, aimed at advanced undergraduates and graduate students. This is the first comprehensive book to be written on the topic since 1981. It provides a much needed synthesis of recent development across the discipline, linking current theoretical debates with applied island ecology. Some themes that the book covers include: the nature and formation of island environments, island ecological theories concerning species numbers, species assembly, and composition, and an assessment of the human impact on island biodiversity. Written by an author who has been researching and teaching biogeography for many years, Island Biogeography is wide-ranging, authoritative, and accessible to students from across geography and the life sciences. This is the first truly modern textbook on a fascinating and important subject in evolution and ecology.

The SAGE Handbook of Biogeography

The SAGE Handbook of Biogeography Book
Author : Andrew Millington,Mark Blumler,Udo Schickhoff
Publisher : SAGE
Release : 2011-09-22
ISBN : 1446254453
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"A superb resource for understanding the diversity of the modern discipline of biogeography, and its history and future, especially within geography departments. I expect to refer to it often." - Professor Sally Horn, University of Tennessee "As you browse through this fine book you will be struck by the diverse topics that biogeographers investigate and the many research methods they use.... Biogeography is interdisciplinary, and a commonly-voiced concern is that one biogeographer may not readily understand another's research findings. A handbook like this is important for synthesising, situating, explaining and evaluating a large literature, and pointing the reader to informative publications." - Geographical Research "A valuable contribution in both a research and teaching context. If you are biologically trained, it provides an extensive look into the geographical tradition of biogeography, covering some topics that may be less familiar to those with an evolution/ecology background. Alternatively, if you are a geography student, researcher, or lecturer, it will provide a useful reference and will be invaluable to the non-biogeographer who suddenly has the teaching of an introductory biogeography course thrust upon them." - Adam C. Algar, Frontiers of Biogeography The SAGE Handbook of Biogeography is a manual for scoping the past, present and future of biogeography that enable readers to consider, where relevant, how similar biogeographical issues are tackled by researchers in different 'schools'. In line with the concept of all SAGE Handbooks, this is a retrospective and prospective overview of biogeography that will: Consider the main areas of biogeography researched by geographers Detail a global perspective by incorporating the work of different schools of biogeographers Ecplore the divergent evolution of biogeography as a discipline and consider how this diversity can be harnessed Examine the interdisciplinary debates that biogeographers are contributing to within geography and the biological sciences. Aimed at an international audience of research students, academics, researchers and practitioners in biogeography, the text will attract interest from environmental scientists, ecologists, biologists and geographers alike.

Evolutionary Community Ecology

Evolutionary Community Ecology Book
Author : Mark A. McPeek
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2017-08-29
ISBN : 0691088772
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Evolutionary Community Ecology develops a unified framework for understanding the structure of ecological communities and the dynamics of natural selection that shape the evolution of the species inhabiting them. All species engage in interactions with many other species, and these interactions regulate their abundance, define their trajectories of natural selection, and shape their movement decisions. Mark McPeek synthesizes the ecological and evolutionary dynamics generated by species interactions that structure local biological communities and regional metacommunities. McPeek explores the ecological performance characteristics needed for invasibility and coexistence of species in complex networks of species interactions. This species interaction framework is then extended to examine the ecological dynamics of natural selection that drive coevolution of interacting species in these complex interaction networks. The models of natural selection resulting from species interactions are used to evaluate the ecological conditions that foster diversification at multiple trophic levels. Analyses show that diversification depends on the ecological context in which species interactions occur and the types of traits that define the mechanisms of those species interactions. Lastly, looking at the mechanisms of speciation that affect species richness and diversity at various spatial scales and the consequences of past climate change over the Quaternary period, McPeek considers how metacommunity structure is shaped at regional and biogeographic scales. Integrating evolutionary theory into the study of community ecology, Evolutionary Community Ecology provides a new framework for predicting how communities are organized and how they may change over time.

Biotic Evolution and Environmental Change in Southeast Asia

Biotic Evolution and Environmental Change in Southeast Asia Book
Author : David Gower,Kenneth Johnson,James Richardson,Brian Rosen,Lukas Rüber,Suzanne Williams
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2012-07-19
ISBN : 1139536222
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The flora and fauna of Southeast Asia are exceptionally diverse. The region includes several terrestrial biodiversity hotspots and is the principal global hotspot for marine diversity, but it also faces the most intense challenges of the current global biodiversity crisis. Providing reviews, syntheses and results of the latest research into Southeast Asian earth and organismal history, this book investigates the history, present and future of the fauna and flora of this bio- and geodiverse region. Leading authorities in the field explore key topics including palaeogeography, palaeoclimatology, biogeography, population genetics and conservation biology, illustrating research approaches and themes with spatially, taxonomically and methodologically focused case studies. The volume also presents methodological advances in population genetics and historical biogeography. Exploring the fascinating environmental and biotic histories of Southeast Asia, this is an ideal resource for graduate students and researchers as well as environmental NGOs.

Biogeography

Biogeography Book
Author : Christopher Barry Cox,Ian Nevill Healey,Peter D. Moore
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1976
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Biogeography book written by Christopher Barry Cox,Ian Nevill Healey,Peter D. Moore, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Neotropical Diversification Patterns and Processes

Neotropical Diversification  Patterns and Processes Book
Author : Valentí Rull,Ana Carolina Carnaval
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-03-30
ISBN : 3030311678
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive overview of the patterns of biodiversity in various neotropical ecosystems, as well as a discussion on their historical biogeographies and underlying diversification processes. All chapters were written by prominent researchers in the fields of tropical biology, molecular ecology, climatology, paleoecology, and geography, producing an outstanding collection of essays, synthetic analyses, and novel investigations that describe and improve our understanding of the biodiversity of this unique region. With chapters on the Amazon and Caribbean forests, the Atlantic rainforests, the Andes, the Cerrado savannahs, the Caatinga drylands, the Chaco, and Mesoamerica – along with broad taxonomic coverage – this book summarizes a wide range of hypotheses, views, and methods concerning the processes and mechanisms of neotropical diversification. The range of perspectives presented makes the book a truly comprehensive, state-of-the-art publication on the topic, which will fascinate both scientists and general readers alike.

Encyclopedia of the World s Biomes

Encyclopedia of the World   s Biomes Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-06-26
ISBN : 0128160977
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Encyclopedia of the World’s Biomes is a unique, five volume reference that provides a global synthesis of biomes, including the latest science. All of the book's chapters follow a common thematic order that spans biodiversity importance, principal anthropogenic stressors and trends, changing climatic conditions, and conservation strategies for maintaining biomes in an increasingly human-dominated world. This work is a one-stop shop that gives users access to up-to-date, informative articles that go deeper in content than any currently available publication. Offers students and researchers a one-stop shop for information currently only available in scattered or non-technical sources Authored and edited by top scientists in the field Concisely written to guide the reader though the topic Includes meaningful illustrations and suggests further reading for those needing more specific information

Paleozoology and Paleoenvironments

Paleozoology and Paleoenvironments Book
Author : J. Tyler Faith,R. Lee Lyman
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2019-02-28
ISBN : 1108480357
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Outlines the ecological fundamentals, assumptions, and techniques for reconstructing past environments using fossil animals from archaeological and paleontological sites.

Methods in Quaternary Ecology

Methods in Quaternary Ecology Book
Author : Geological Association of Canada
Publisher : St. John's, Nfld. : Geological Association of Canada
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Methods in Quaternary Ecology book written by Geological Association of Canada, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Philosophical Transactions

Philosophical Transactions Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Each issue of Transactions B is devoted to a specific area of the biological sciences, including clinical science. All papers are peer reviewed and edited to the highest standards. Published on the 29th of each month, Transactions B is essential reading for all biologists.

Mountains Climate and Biodiversity

Mountains  Climate and Biodiversity Book
Author : Carina Hoorn,Allison Perrigo,Alexandre Antonelli
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-04-30
ISBN : 1119159873
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mountains, Climate and Biodiversity: A comprehensive and up-to-date synthesis for students and researchers Mountains are topographically complex formations that play a fundamental role in regional and continental-scale climates. They are also cradles to all major river systems and home to unique, and often highly biodiverse and threatened, ecosystems. But how do all these processes tie together to form the patterns of diversity we see today? Written by leading researchers in the fields of geology, biology, climate, and geography, this book explores the relationship between mountain building and climate change, and how these processes shape biodiversity through time and space. In the first two sections, you will learn about the processes, theory, and methods connecting mountain building and biodiversity In the third section, you will read compelling examples from around the world exploring the links between mountains, climate and biodiversity Throughout the 31 peer-reviewed chapters, a non-technical style and synthetic illustrations make this book accessible to a wide audience A comprehensive glossary summarises the main concepts and terminology Readership: Mountains, Climate and Biodiversity is intended for students and researchers in geosciences, biology and geography. It is specifically compiled for those who are interested in historical biogeography, biodiversity and conservation.

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Fossil Record 4

Fossil Record 4 Book
Author : Robert M. Sullivan,Spencer G. Lucas
Publisher : New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Fossil Record 4 book written by Robert M. Sullivan,Spencer G. Lucas, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Natural History of the Crustacea

The Natural History of the Crustacea Book
Author : Martin Thiel,Gary Poore
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2020-03-27
ISBN : 0190637854
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the eighth volume of a ten-volume series on The Natural History of the Crustacea. The volume examines Evolution and Biogeography, and the first part of this volume is entirely dedicated to the explanation of the origins and successful establishment of the Crustacea in the oceans. In the second part of the book, the biogeography of the Crustacea is explored in order to infer how they conquered different biomes globally while adapting to a wide range of aquatic and terrestrial conditions. The final section examines more general patterns and processes, and the chapters offer useful insight into the future of crustaceans.

Fossil Record 5

Fossil Record 5 Book
Author : Robert M. Sullivan,Spencer G. Lucas
Publisher : New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science
Release : 2016-01-01
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Fossil Record 5 book written by Robert M. Sullivan,Spencer G. Lucas, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Evolutionary Biogeography

Evolutionary Biogeography Book
Author : Juan J Morrone
Publisher : Columbia University Press
Release : 2008-12-26
ISBN : 023151283X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Rather than favoring only one approach, Juan J. Morrone proposes a comprehensive treatment of the developments and theories of evolutionary biogeography. Evolutionary biogeography uses distributional, phylogenetic, molecular, and fossil data to assess the historical changes that have produced current biotic patterns. Panbiogeography, parsimony analysis of endemicity, cladistic biogeography, and phylogeography are the four recent and most common approaches. Many conceive of these methods as representing different "schools," but Morrone shows how each addresses different questions in the various steps of an evolutionary biogeographical analysis. Panbiogeography and parsimony analysis of endemicity are useful for identifying biotic components or areas of endemism. Cladistic biogeography uses phylogenetic data to determine the relationships between these biotic components. Further information on fossils, phylogeographic patterns, and molecular clocks can be incorporated to identify different cenocrons. Finally, available geological knowledge can help construct a geobiotic scenario that may explain how analyzed areas were put into contact and how the biotic components and cenocrons inhabiting them evolved. Morrone compares these methods and employs case studies to make it clear which is best for the question at hand. Set problems, discussion sections, and glossaries further enhance classroom use.

Metacommunities

Metacommunities Book
Author : Marcel Holyoak,Mathew A. Leibold,Robert D. Holt
Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Release : 2005-10
ISBN : 0226350649
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Takes the hallmarks of metapopulation theory to the next level by considering a group of communities, each of which may contain numerous populations, connected by species interactions within communities and the movement of individuals between communities. This book seeks to understand how communities work in fragmented landscapes.