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Quaternary Coral Reef Systems

Quaternary Coral Reef Systems Book
Author : Lucien F. Montaggioni,Colin J.R. Braithwaite
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-08-13
ISBN : 9780080932767
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents both state-of-the art knowledge from Recent coral reefs (1.8 million to a few centuries old) gained since the eighties, and introduces geologists, oceanographers and environmentalists to sedimentological and paleoecological studies of an ecosystem encompassing some of the world's richest biodiversity. Scleractinian reefs first appeared about 300 million years ago. Today coral reef systems provide some of the most sensitive gauges of environmental change, expressing the complex interplay of chemical, physical, geological and biological factors. The topics covered will include the evolutionary history of reef systems and some of the main reef builders since the Cenozoic, the effects of biological and environmental forces on the zonation of reef systems and the distribution of reef organisms and on reef community dynamics through time, changes in the geometry, anatomy and stratigraphy of reef bodies and systems in relation to changes in sea level and tectonics, the distribution patterns of sedimentary (framework or detrital) facies in relation to those of biological communities, the modes and rates of reef accretion (progradation, aggradation versus backstepping; coral growth versus reef growth), the hydrodynamic forces controlling water circulation through reef structures and their relationship to early diagenetic processes, the major diagenetic processes affecting reef bodies through time (replacement and diddolution, dolomitization, phosphatogenesis), and the record of climate change by both individual coral colonies and reef systems over the Quaternary. * state-of-the-art knowledge from Recent corals reefs * introduction to sedimentological and paleoecological studies of an ecosystems encompassing some of the world's richest biodiversity. * authors are internationally regarded authorities on the subject * trustworthy information

Cenozoic Carbonate Systems of Australasia

Cenozoic Carbonate Systems of Australasia Book
Author : American Association of Petroleum Geologists. Meeting
Publisher : SEPM Soc for Sed Geology
Release : 2010
ISBN : 1565763025
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Cenozoic Carbonate Systems of Australasia book written by American Association of Petroleum Geologists. Meeting, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science

Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-03-25
ISBN : 0444536426
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The second revised edition of the Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science, provides both students and professionals with an up-to-date reference work on this important and highly varied area of research. There are lots of new articles, and many of the articles that appeared in the first edition have been updated to reflect advances in knowledge since 2006, when the original articles were written. The second edition will contain about 375 articles, written by leading experts around the world. This major reference work is richly illustrated with more than 3,000 illustrations, most of them in colour. Research in the Quaternary sciences has advanced greatly in the last 10 years, especially since topics like global climate change, geologic hazards and soil erosion were put high on the political agenda. This second edition builds upon its award-winning predecessor to provide the reader assured quality along with essential updated coverage Contains 357 broad-ranging articles (4310 pages) written at a level that allows undergraduate students to understand the material, while providing active researchers with a ready reference resource for information in the field. Facilitates teaching and learning The first edition was regarded by many as the most significant single overview of Quaternary science ever, yet Editor-in-Chief, Scott Elias, has managed to surpass that in this second edition by securing even more expert reviews whilst retaining his renowned editorial consistency that enables readers to navigates seamlessly from one unfamiliar topic to the next

Quaternary Sea Level Changes

Quaternary Sea Level Changes Book
Author : Colin V. Murray-Wallace,Colin D. Woodroffe
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2014-01-30
ISBN : 0521820839
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An important overview of Quaternary climates including detailed Pleistocene and Holocene sea-level changes, for researchers and graduate and advanced undergraduate students.

Coral Reefs at the Crossroads

Coral Reefs at the Crossroads Book
Author : Dennis K. Hubbard,Caroline S. Rogers,Jere H. Lipps,George D. Stanley, Jr.
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-07-27
ISBN : 9401775672
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this book, contributors from diverse backgrounds take a first step toward an integrated view of reefs and the significance of their recent decline. More than any other earth system, coral reefs sit at a disciplinary crossroads. Most recently, they have reached another crossroads - fundamental changes in their bio-physical structure greater than those of previous centuries or even millennia. Effective strategies to mitigate recent trends will require an approach that embraces the myriad perspectives from across the scientific landscape, but will also need a mechanism to transform scientific understanding into social will and political implementation.

The Red Sea

The Red Sea Book
Author : Najeeb M.A. Rasul,Ian C.F. Stewart
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-04-02
ISBN : 3662452014
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a broad overview of the current state of knowledge regarding the Red Sea, from its geological formation and oceanographic development to the environmental influences on its ecology and the changes it is experiencing due to the rapid development of its coastlines and role as one of the world’s major transport routes. The book gathers invited contributions from researchers with an interest in the geology, geophysics, oceanography and environment of the Red Sea, while also providing comprehensive new data and a complete review of the literature. It will be of interest not only to researchers actively studying the sea and its surroundings, but will also appeal to all those involved in planning and managing the Red Sea, its environment, its resources and the countries which rely on its existence.

Coral Reefs of the USA

Coral Reefs of the USA Book
Author : Bernhard M. Riegl,Richard E. Dodge
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-03-21
ISBN : 1402068476
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Coral Reefs of the USA provides a complete overview of the present status of knowledge regarding all coral reef areas within the USA and its territories. It is written by the most experienced authorities in their fields and geographic areas. Stretching from the Caribbean to the western Pacific, the coral reefs of the USA span extensive geographic and biotic diversity, occur in a wide variety of geomorphological settings, and provide a representative cross-section of Holocene reef-building. This book will therefore be of broad general interest. For the first time, complete scholarly reviews are given for the geology, geomorphology and the biology of reefs encompassing a vast area stretching from the Mariana Islands in the west, Samoa in the south, Hawaii in the north and the Virgin Islands in the east. This book is not a status report, but will provide up-to-date information about stressors and the biotic responses of the reefs, as well as the geological explanations why these reefs exist in the first place. It will be an invaluable baseline-reference for all those who are engaged in research or management of these coral reefs or to those who simply enjoy being well-informed about one of the most iconic ecosystems of the USA.

Mesophotic Coral Ecosystems

Mesophotic Coral Ecosystems Book
Author : Yossi Loya,Kimberly A. Puglise,Tom C.L. Bridge
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-05-22
ISBN : 3319927353
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book summarizes what is known about mesophotic coral ecosystems (MCEs) geographically and by major taxa. MCEs are characterized by light-dependent corals and associated communities typically found at depths ranging from 30-40 m. and extending to over 150 m. in tropical and subtropical ecosystems. They are populated with organisms typically associated with shallow coral reefs, such as macroalgae, corals, sponges, and fishes, as well as specialist species unique to mesophotic depths. During the past decade, there has been an increasing scientific and management interest in MCEs expressed by the exponential increase in the number of publications studying this unique environment. Despite their close proximity to well-studied shallow reefs, and the growing evidence of their importance, our scientific knowledge of MCEs is still in its early stages. The topics covered in the book include: regional variation in MCEs; similarities and differences between mesophotic and shallow reef taxa, biotic and abiotic conditions, biodiversity, ecology, geomorphology, and geology; potential connectivity between MCEs and shallow reefs; MCE disturbances, conservation, and management challenges; and new technologies, key research questions/knowledge gaps, priorities, and future directions in MCE research.

Coral Reefs of the Eastern Tropical Pacific

Coral Reefs of the Eastern Tropical Pacific Book
Author : Peter W. Glynn,Derek P. Manzello,Ian C. Enochs
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-08-12
ISBN : 9401774994
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book documents and examines the state of health of coral reefs in the eastern tropical Pacific region. It touches on the occurrence of coral reefs in the waters of surrounding countries, and it explores their biogeography, biodiversity and condition relative to the El Niño southern oscillation and human impacts. Additionally contained within is a field that presents information on many of the species presented in the preceding chapters.

Coral Reef Restoration Handbook

Coral Reef Restoration Handbook Book
Author : William F. Precht
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2006-05-25
ISBN : 1420003798
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"... this book is the first to describe, in detail, the art and science of coral reef restoration. It is to be hoped that the information that can be gleaned within the pages of this book will set a path towards continued preservation of this valuable underwater treasure to be used, appreciated, and experienced for future generations." -- Senator Bob Graham (retired), Miami Lakes, Florida, from the Foreword Most of what we know about the rehabilitation of coral reef systems stems from efforts to repair reefs injured by vessels that have run aground. To date, however, there is a paucity of published literature regarding the efficacy and/or failure of coral reef restoration techniques. While most of the literature that is available comes from meeting abstracts, workshops and technical memoranda, these papers and reports have forged a scientific framework that can help guide future efforts. The Coral Reef Restoration Handbook is the first published volume devoted to the science of coral reef restoration. It offers a scientific, conceptual framework along with practical strategies for reef assessment and restoration. Contributors from a variety of disciplines discuss engineering, geological, biological, and socioeconomic factors to create a text that is designed to guide scientists and resource managers in the decision-making process from initial assessment of the injury through conceptual restoration design, implementation, and monitoring. An excellent selection of relevant case studies is utilized to illustrate concepts and challenges inherent in the process of restoration. This volume gives reef scientists and managers the opportunity to glean significant information from previous efforts. It provides them with the opportunity to build on the lessons learned and develop successful restoration efforts into the future.

World Ocean Assessment

World Ocean Assessment Book
Author : World Ocean Assessment team
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2017-04-30
ISBN : 1316510018
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download World Ocean Assessment book written by World Ocean Assessment team, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Great Barrier Reef

The Great Barrier Reef Book
Author : Pat Hutchings,Mike Kingsford,Ove Hoegh-Guldberg
Publisher : CSIRO PUBLISHING
Release : 2008-11-07
ISBN : 0643099972
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Great Barrier Reef Marine Park is 344 400 square kilometres in size and is home to one of the most diverse ecosystems in the world. This comprehensive guide describes the organisms and ecosystems of the Great Barrier Reef, as well as the biological, chemical and physical processes that influence them. Contemporary pressing issues such as climate change, coral bleaching, coral disease and the challenges of coral reef fisheries are also discussed. In addition,the book includes a field guide that will help people to identify the common animals and plants on the reef, then to delve into the book to learn more about the roles the biota play. Beautifully illustrated and with contributions from 33 international experts, The Great Barrier Reef is a must-read for the interested reef tourist, student, researcher and environmental manager. While it has an Australian focus, it can equally be used as a baseline text for most Indo-Pacific coral reefs. Winner of a Whitley Certificate of Commendation for 2009.

Geological Setting Palaeoenvironment and Archaeology of the Red Sea

Geological Setting  Palaeoenvironment and Archaeology of the Red Sea Book
Author : Najeeb M.A. Rasul,Ian C.F. Stewart
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-12-05
ISBN : 3319994085
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book gathers invited contributions from active researchers to provide an up-to-date overview of the geological setting of the Red Sea. It discusses aspects ranging from historical information to modern research in the Red Sea, and presents findings from rapidly advancing, emerging fields. This semi-enclosed young ocean basin provides a unique opportunity to study the development of passive continental margins in order to examine the current status of that region. In addition to studies on the Sea itself, it includes those from related fields on the littoral zone. The book is of interest to geoscientists and non-specialists alike.

Reef Fish Spawning Aggregations Biology Research and Management

Reef Fish Spawning Aggregations  Biology  Research and Management Book
Author : Yvonne Sadovy de Mitcheson,Patrick L. Colin
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-12-10
ISBN : 9400719809
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Reef fish spawning aggregations, ranging from small groups to many tens of thousands of individuals, are spectacular but poorly known natural phenomena whereby fish assemble at specific times and locations to spawn. For some species these large groups may be the only form of reproduction, the high fish numbers briefly giving a false impression of stability and abundance—an ‘illusion of plenty’. They are often a focus for intensive seasonal fishing because of their predictability and because many important commercial fishes form them. Highly vulnerable to overexploitation, many aggregations and their associated fisheries, have disappeared or are in decline. Few are effectively managed or incorporated into protected areas. Aggregations are not well understood by fishery scientists, managers and conservationists and their significance little appreciated by fishers or the wider public. To ensure their persistence to replenish important fisheries in coral ecosystems, maintain their ecosystem function and continue to delight divers, a significant change in perspective is needed to foster protection and management. This book provides comprehensive and practical coverage of the biology, study and management of reef fish aggregations, exploring their how, when, where, and why. It explores ways to better protect, study, manage and conserve them, while identifying key data gaps and questions. The text is extensively illustrated with many unique, never before published, photographs and graphics. Case studies on over 20 interesting and important fishes are included, outlining their biology and fisheries and highlighting major concerns and challenges.

Origin of Carbonate Rocks

Origin of Carbonate Rocks Book
Author : Noel P. James,Brian Jones
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-03-16
ISBN : 1118652703
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Origin of Carbonate Rocks book written by Noel P. James,Brian Jones, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Encyclopedia of Modern Coral Reefs

Encyclopedia of Modern Coral Reefs Book
Author : David Hopley
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-11-26
ISBN : 904812638X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Coral reefs are the largest landforms built by plants and animals. Their study therefore incorporates a wide range of disciplines. This encyclopedia approaches coral reefs from an earth science perspective, concentrating especially on modern reefs. Currently coral reefs are under high stress, most prominently from climate change with changes to water temperature, sea level and ocean acidification particularly damaging. Modern reefs have evolved through the massive environmental changes of the Quaternary with long periods of exposure during glacially lowered sea level periods and short periods of interglacial growth. The entries in this encyclopedia condense the large amount of work carried out since Charles Darwin first attempted to understand reef evolution. Leading authorities from many countries have contributed to the entries covering areas of geology, geography and ecology, providing comprehensive access to the most up-to-date research on the structure, form and processes operating on Quaternary coral reefs.

The Management of Coral Reef Resource Systems

The Management of Coral Reef Resource Systems Book
Author : J. L. Munro,Patricia Munro
Publisher : WorldFish
Release : 1994-01-01
ISBN : 971870955X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Management of Coral Reef Resource Systems book written by J. L. Munro,Patricia Munro, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Submarine Geomorphology

Submarine Geomorphology Book
Author : Aaron Micallef,Sebastian Krastel,Alessandra Savini
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-07-18
ISBN : 3319578529
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book on the current state of knowledge of submarine geomorphology aims to achieve the goals of the Submarine Geomorphology working group, set up in 2013, by establishing submarine geomorphology as a field of research, disseminating its concepts and techniques among earth scientists and professionals, and encouraging students to develop their skills and knowledge in this field. Editors have invited 30 experts from around the world to contribute chapters to this book, which is divided into 4 sections – (i) Introduction & history, (ii) Data & methods, (ii) Submarine landforms & processes and (iv) Conclusions & future directions. Each chapter provides a review of a topic, establishes the state-of-the-art, identifies the key research questions that need to be addressed, and delineates a strategy on how to achieve this. Submarine geomorphology is a priority for many research institutions, government authorities and industries globally. The book is useful for undergraduate and graduate students, and professionals with limited training in this field.

Oceans and Human Health

Oceans and Human Health Book
Author : Robert E. Bowen,Michael H. Depledge,Cinnamon P. Carlarne,Lora E. Fleming
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-04-03
ISBN : 1118828445
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human health and well-being are tied to the vitality of the globalocean and coastal systems on which so many live and rely. Weengage with these extraordinary environments to enhance both ourhealth and our well-being. But, we need to recognize thatintroducing contaminants and otherwise altering these ocean systemscan harm human health and well-being in significant and substantialways. These are complex, challenging, and critically importantthemes. How the human relationship to the oceans evolves incoming decades may be one of the most important connections inunderstanding our personal and social well-being. Yet, ourunderstanding of this relationship is far too limited. This remarkable volume brings experts from diverse disciplinesand builds a workable understanding of breadth anddepth of the processes – both social and environmental– that will help us to limit future costs and enhance thebenefits of sustainable marine systems. In particular, theauthors have developed a shared view that the global coastalenvironment is under threat through intensified natural resourceutilization, as well as changes to global climate and otherenvironmental systems. All these changes contributeindividually, but more importantly cumulatively, to higher risksfor public health and to the global burden of disease. This pioneering book will be of value to advanced undergraduateand postgraduate students taking courses in public health,environmental, economic, and policy fields. Additionally, thetreatment of these complex systems is of essential value to thepolicy community responsible for these questions and to the broaderaudience for whom these issues are more directly connected to theirown health and well-being. "The seas across this planet and their effects on human societyand its destiny are a fascinating subject for analysis and insightsderived from intellectual inquiry. This diverse and complex subjectnecessarily requires a blending of knowledge from differentdisciplines, which the authors of this volume have achieved withremarkable success." "The following pages in this volume are written in a lucid andvery readable style, and provide a wealth of knowledge andinsightful analysis, which is a rare amalgam of multi-disciplinaryperspectives and unique lines of intellectual inquiry. It isvaluable to get a volume such as this, which appeals as much to anon-specialist reader as it does to those who are specialists inthe diverse but interconnected subjects covered in thisvolume." (From the "Foreword" written by, R K Pachauri, Director General,TERI and Chairman, IPCC)

Coastal Systems

Coastal Systems Book
Author : Simon K. Haslett
Publisher : University of Wales Press
Release : 2016-07-20
ISBN : 178316901X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Where oceans, land and atmosphere meet, three dynamic forces contribute to the physical and ecological evolution of coastlines. Coasts are responsive systems, dynamic with identifiable inputs and outputs of energy and material. In chapters illustrated and furnished with topical case studies from around the world, this book establishes the importance of coasts within a systems framework - waves, tides, rivers and sea-level change all play critical roles in the evolution of our coasts.