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Quantum Mechanics With Applications To Nanotechnology And Information Science

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Quantum Mechanics with Applications to Nanotechnology and Information Science

Quantum Mechanics with Applications to Nanotechnology and Information Science Book
Author : Yehuda B. Band,Yshai Avishai
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-01-10
ISBN : 0444537872
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Quantum mechanics transcends and supplants classical mechanics at the atomic and subatomic levels. It provides the underlying framework for many subfields of physics, chemistry and materials science, including condensed matter physics, atomic physics, molecular physics, quantum chemistry, particle physics, and nuclear physics. It is the only way we can understand the structure of materials, from the semiconductors in our computers to the metal in our automobiles. It is also the scaffolding supporting much of nanoscience and nanotechnology. The purpose of this book is to present the fundamentals of quantum theory within a modern perspective, with emphasis on applications to nanoscience and nanotechnology, and information-technology. As the frontiers of science have advanced, the sort of curriculum adequate for students in the sciences and engineering twenty years ago is no longer satisfactory today. Hence, the emphasis on new topics that are not included in older reference texts, such as quantum information theory, decoherence and dissipation, and on applications to nanotechnology, including quantum dots, wires and wells. This book provides a novel approach to Quantum Mechanics whilst also giving readers the requisite background and training for the scientists and engineers of the 21st Century who need to come to grips with quantum phenomena The fundamentals of quantum theory are provided within a modern perspective, with emphasis on applications to nanoscience and nanotechnology, and information-technology Older books on quantum mechanics do not contain the amalgam of ideas, concepts and tools necessary to prepare engineers and scientists to deal with the new facets of quantum mechanics and their application to quantum information science and nanotechnology As the frontiers of science have advanced, the sort of curriculum adequate for students in the sciences and engineering twenty years ago is no longer satisfactory today There are many excellent quantum mechanics books available, but none have the emphasis on nanotechnology and quantum information science that this book has

Quantum Mechanics for Scientists and Engineers

Quantum Mechanics for Scientists and Engineers Book
Author : David A. B. Miller
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2008-04-21
ISBN : 1139471279
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

If you need a book that relates the core principles of quantum mechanics to modern applications in engineering, physics, and nanotechnology, this is it. Students will appreciate the book's applied emphasis, which illustrates theoretical concepts with examples of nanostructured materials, optics, and semiconductor devices. The many worked examples and more than 160 homework problems help students to problem solve and to practise applications of theory. Without assuming a prior knowledge of high-level physics or classical mechanics, the text introduces Schrödinger's equation, operators, and approximation methods. Systems, including the hydrogen atom and crystalline materials, are analyzed in detail. More advanced subjects, such as density matrices, quantum optics, and quantum information, are also covered. Practical applications and algorithms for the computational analysis of simple structures make this an ideal introduction to quantum mechanics for students of engineering, physics, nanotechnology, and other disciplines. Additional resources available from www.cambridge.org/9780521897839.

Quantum Mechanics for Nanostructures

Quantum Mechanics for Nanostructures Book
Author : Vladimir V. Mitin,Dmitry I. Sementsov,Nizami Z. Vagidov
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2010-05-20
ISBN : 0521763665
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Textbook introducing engineers to quantum mechanics and nanostructures, covering the fundamentals and applications to nanoscale materials and nanodevices.

Quantum Physics for Scientists and Technologists

Quantum Physics for Scientists and Technologists Book
Author : Paul Sanghera
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-03-08
ISBN : 9780470922699
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Quantum Physics for Scientists and Technologists is a self-contained, comprehensive review of this complex branch of science. The book demystifies difficult concepts and views the subject through non-physics fields such as computer science, biology, chemistry, and nanotechnology. It explains key concepts and phenomena in the language of non-physics majors and with simple math, assuming no prior knowledge of the topic. This cohesive book begins with the wavefunction to develop the basic principles of quantum mechanics such as the uncertainty principle and wave-particle duality. Comprehensive coverage of quantum theory is presented, supported by experimental results and explained through applications and examples without the use of abstract and complex mathematical tools or formalisms. From there, the book: Takes the mystery out of the Schrodinger equation, the fundamental equation of quantum physics, by applying it to atoms Shows how quantum mechanics explains the periodic table of elements Introduces the quantum mechanical concept of spin and spin quantum number, along with Pauli's Exclusion Principle regarding the occupation of quantum states Addresses quantum states of molecules in terms of rotation and vibration of diatomic molecules Explores the interface between classical statistical mechanics and quantum statistical mechanics Discusses quantum mechanics as a common thread through different fields of nanoscience and nanotechnology Each chapter features real-world applications of one or more quantum mechanics principles. "Study Checkpoints" and problems with solutions are presented throughout to make difficult concepts easy to understand. In addition, pictures, tables, and diagrams with full explanations are used to present data and further explain difficult concepts. This book is designed as a complete course in quantum mechanics for senior undergraduates and first-year graduate students in non-physics majors. It also applies to courses such as modern physics, physical chemistry and nanotechnology. The material is also accessible to scientists, engineers, and technologists working in the fields of computer science, biology, chemistry, engineering, and nanotechnology.

Neutron Interferometry

Neutron Interferometry Book
Author : Helmut Rauch,Director of Institute for Nuclear Physics Helmut Rauch,Samuel A. Werner,Millsap Distinguished Professor of Physics Samuel A Werner
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2000
ISBN : 9780198500278
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides the reader with a detailed account of one of the most startling and fundamental aspect of quantum mechanics: the quantum interference of matter waves, vividly displayed in the wide assembly of neutron interferometry experiments. The book is written in a style suitable at the beginning graduate level, and will excite many students and researchers in neutron physics, optics, and atomic physics.

Introduction to Quantum Nanotechnology

Introduction to Quantum Nanotechnology Book
Author : Duncan G. Steel
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2021-04-30
ISBN : 0192895079
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book serves as introduction to quantum theory with emphasis on dynamical behaviour and applications of quantum mechanics, with minimal discussion of formalism. The goal is to help engineering and physics students begin to learn the tools for a quantum toolbox they will need to work in this area.

Problem Solving in Quantum Mechanics

Problem Solving in Quantum Mechanics Book
Author : Marc Cahay,Supriyo Bandyopadhyay
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-03-14
ISBN : 1118988744
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This topical and timely textbook is a collection of problems for students, researchers, and practitioners interested in state-of-the-art material and device applications in quantum mechanics. Most problem are relevant either to a new device or a device concept or to current research topics which could spawn new technology. It deals with the practical aspects of the field, presenting a broad range of essential topics currently at the leading edge of technological innovation. Includes discussion on: Properties of Schroedinger Equation Operators Bound States in Nanostructures Current and Energy Flux Densities in Nanostructures Density of States Transfer and Scattering Matrix Formalisms for Modelling Diffusive Quantum Transport Perturbation Theory, Variational Approach and their Applications to Device Problems Electrons in a Magnetic or Electromagnetic Field and Associated Phenomena Time-dependent Perturbation Theory and its Applications Optical Properties of Nanostructures Problems in Quantum Mechanics: For Material Scientists, Applied Physicists and Device Engineers is an ideal companion to engineering, condensed matter physics or materials science curricula. It appeals to future and present engineers, physicists, and materials scientists, as well as professionals in these fields needing more in-depth understanding of nanotechnology and nanoscience.

Advanced Quantum Mechanics

Advanced Quantum Mechanics Book
Author : Yuli V. Nazarov,Jeroen Danon
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2013-01-03
ISBN : 0521761506
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An accessible introduction to advanced quantum theory, this textbook focuses on its practical applications and is ideal for graduate students in physics.

Diamondoid Molecules With Applications In Biomedicine Materials Science Nanotechnology Petroleum Science

Diamondoid Molecules  With Applications In Biomedicine  Materials Science  Nanotechnology   Petroleum Science Book
Author : G Ali Mansoori,Elmo Silvano De Araujo,Patricia Lopes Barros De Araujo
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2012-09-06
ISBN : 9814439967
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Diamondoids are cage-like, ultra stable, saturated ringed hydrocarbons, which have a diamond-like structure consisting of a number of six-member carbon rings fused together. Adamantane is the cage compound prototype and the simplest diamondoid molecule. Diamondoids Molecules aims to present these fascinating substances in a novel fashion. The more intriguing facets of diamondoid molecules are comprehensively exposed and discussed, bringing state-of-the-art information to the reader, along with the history, fundamentals and perspectives of diamondoid science and technology.This groundbreaking book, especially devoted to diamondoid molecules, is of critical importance to the global techno-scientific community, and will be of great interest in many research fields such as chemistry, physics, material science, geology, and biological sciences. Moreover, it will attract readers from industrial, government and environmental agencies as well as scholars.

Applied Bohmian Mechanics

Applied Bohmian Mechanics Book
Author : Xavier Oriols Pladevall,Jordi Mompart
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-05-24
ISBN : 1000650561
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Most textbooks explain quantum mechanics as a story where each step follows naturally from the one preceding it. However, the development of quantum mechanics was exactly the opposite. It was a zigzag route, full of personal disputes where scientists were forced to abandon well-established classical concepts and to explore new and imaginative pathways. Some of the explored routes were successful in providing new mathematical formalisms capable of predicting experiments at the atomic scale. However, even such successful routes were painful enough, so that relevant scientists like Albert Einstein and Erwin Schrödinger decided not to support them. In this book, the authors demonstrate the huge practical utility of another of these routes in explaining quantum phenomena in many different research fields. Bohmian mechanics, the formulation of the quantum theory pioneered by Louis de Broglie and David Bohm, offers an alternative mathematical formulation of quantum phenomena in terms of quantum trajectories. Novel computational tools to explore physical scenarios that are currently computationally inaccessible, such as many-particle solutions of the Schrödinger equation, can be developed from it.

Lectures on Quantum Mechanics

Lectures on Quantum Mechanics Book
Author : Jean-Louis Basdevant
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-09-21
ISBN : 3319434799
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Beautifully illustrated and engagingly written, Twelve Lectures in Quantum Mechanics presents theoretical physics with a breathtaking array of examples and anecdotes. Basdevant’s style is clear and stimulating, in the manner of a brisk lecture that can be followed with ease and enjoyment. Here is a sample of the book’s style, from the opening of Chapter 1: "If one were to ask a passer-by to quote a great formula of physics, chances are that the answer would be ‘E = mc2’.... There is no way around it: all physics is quantum, from elementary particles, to stellar physics and the Big Bang, not to mention semiconductors and solar cells."

Quantum Information Processing with Diamond Principles and Applications

Quantum Information Processing with Diamond  Principles and Applications Book
Author : Steven Prawer,Igor Aharonovich
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-11-13
ISBN : 9780081013892
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Diamond nitrogen vacancy (NV) color centers can transform quantum information science into practical quantum information technology, including fast, safe computing. "Quantum Information Processing with Diamond" looks at the principles of quantum information science, diamond materials, and their applications. Partone provides an introduction to quantum information processing using diamond, as well as its principles and fabrication techniques. Parttwo outlines experimental demonstrations of quantum information processing using diamond, and the emerging applications of diamond for quantum information science. It contains chapters on quantum key distribution, quantum microscopy, the hybridization of quantum systems, and building quantum optical devices. Partthree outlines promising directions and future trends in diamond technologies for quantum information processing and sensing. "Quantum Information Processing with Diamond" is a key reference for R&D managers in industrial sectors such as conventional electronics, communication engineering, computer science, biotechnology, quantum optics, quantum mechanics, quantum computing, quantum cryptology, and nanotechnology, as well as academics in physics, chemistry, biology, and engineering. Brings together the topics of diamond and quantum information processingLooks at applications such as quantum computing, neural circuits, and in vivo monitoring of processes at the molecular scale"

Introduction to Nano

Introduction to Nano Book
Author : Amretashis Sengupta,Chandan Kumar Sarkar
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-07-01
ISBN : 3662473143
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers the basics of nanotechnology and provides a solid understanding of the subject. Starting from a brush-up of the basic quantum mechanics and materials science, the book helps to gradually build up understanding of the various effects of quantum confinement, optical-electronic properties of nanoparticles and major nanomaterials. The book covers the various physical, chemical and hybrid methods of nanomaterial synthesis and nanofabrication as well as advanced characterization techniques. It includes chapters on the various applications of nanoscience and nanotechnology. It is written in a simple form, making it useful for students of physical and material sciences.

The Amazing Story of Quantum Mechanics

The Amazing Story of Quantum Mechanics Book
Author : James Kakalios
Publisher : Penguin
Release : 2011-11-01
ISBN : 1101565519
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Most of us are unaware of how much we depend on quantum mechanics on a day-to-day basis. Using illustrations and examples from science fiction pulp magazines and comic books, The Amazing Story of Quantum Mechanics explains the fundamental principles of quantum mechanics that underlie the world we live in. Watch a Video

Our Nanotechnology Future

Our Nanotechnology Future Book
Author : Joseph B. Natowitz,Christian Ngô
Publisher : Amsterdam University Press
Release : 2017-11-22
ISBN : 9048534623
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

his easy-to-grasp book introduces nanotechnology, a fast growing field with applications in a large number of areas. Nanotechnology is increasingly present in manufactured products and in daily life objects. It uses less raw materials to provide similar, improved or new functions for materials and systems. It also allows to cut down costs of objects and processes. This introductory book is divided in two parts. One presents the basics of this new field and introduce the physics involved and its consequences. The topics that are addressed are about nanoscience and nanotechnology, quantum effects, nanomaterials and nanostructures, nanofabrication and the new forms of carbon. The second part present some applications in different areas as well as the issue of risks and toxicity of nanomaterials. The different areas of applications are health, food, nanoelectronics and molecular electronics, nanocatalysis, energy (production, housing and transport), defense and security. We also address the issue of risks and toxicity of nanomaterials. This book is not intended to be a comprehensive presentation of nanotechnology but just a flavor of this exciting area that will be more and more important for our future.

Applied Quantum Mechanics

Applied Quantum Mechanics Book
Author : Walter A Harrison
Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
Release : 2000-07-24
ISBN : 9814365629
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Quantum mechanics is widely recognized as the basic law which governs all of nature, including all materials and devices. It has always been essential to the understanding of material properties, and as devices become smaller it is also essential for studying their behavior. Nevertheless, only a small fraction of graduate engineers and materials scientists take a course giving a systematic presentation of the subject. The courses for physics students tend to focus on the fundamentals and formal background, rather than on application, and do not fill the need. This invaluable text has been designed to fill the very apparent gap. The book covers those parts of quantum theory which may be necessary for a modern engineer. It focuses on the approximations and concepts which allow estimates of the entire range of properties of nuclei, atoms, molecules, and solids, as well as the behavior of lasers and other quantum-optic devices. It may well prove useful also to graduate students in physics, whose courses on quantum theory tend not to include any of these applications. The material has been the basis of a course taught to graduate engineering students for the past four years at Stanford University. Topics Discussed: Foundations; Simple Systems; Hamiltonian Mechanics; Atoms and Nuclei; Molecules; Crystals; Transitions; Tunneling; Transition Rates; Statistical Mechanics; Transport; Noise; Energy Bands; Electron Dynamics in Solids; Vibrations in Solids; Creation and Annihilation Operators; Phonons; Photons and Lasers; Coherent States; Coulomb Effects; Cooperative Phenomena; Magnetism; Shake-off Excitations; Exercise Problems.

Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Information and Computation and Its Applications to Nano and Bio systems

Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Information and Computation and Its Applications to Nano  and Bio systems Book
Author : Masanori Ohya,I. Volovich
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-01-15
ISBN : 9400701713
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This monograph provides a mathematical foundation to the theory of quantum information and computation, with applications to various open systems including nano and bio systems. It includes introductory material on algorithm, functional analysis, probability theory, information theory, quantum mechanics and quantum field theory. Apart from standard material on quantum information like quantum algorithm and teleportation, the authors discuss findings on the theory of entropy in C*-dynamical systems, space-time dependence of quantum entangled states, entangling operators, adaptive dynamics, relativistic quantum information, and a new paradigm for quantum computation beyond the usual quantum Turing machine. Also, some important applications of information theory to genetics and life sciences, as well as recent experimental and theoretical discoveries in quantum photosynthesis are described.

Quantum Aspects of Life

Quantum Aspects of Life Book
Author : Derek Abbott,Paul C W Davies,Arun K Pati
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2008-09-12
ISBN : 1908978732
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the hotly debated question of whether quantum mechanics plays a non-trivial role in biology. In a timely way, it sets out a distinct quantum biology agenda. The burgeoning fields of nanotechnology, biotechnology, quantum technology, and quantum information processing are now strongly converging. The acronym BINS, for Bio-Info-Nano-Systems, has been coined to describe the synergetic interface of these several disciplines. The living cell is an information replicating and processing system that is replete with naturally-evolved nanomachines, which at some level require a quantum mechanical description. As quantum engineering and nanotechnology meet, increasing use will be made of biological structures, or hybrids of biological and fabricated systems, for producing novel devices for information storage and processing and other tasks. An understanding of these systems at a quantum mechanical level will be indispensable. Contents:Foreword (Sir R Penrose)Emergence and Complexity:A Quantum Origin of Life? (P C W Davies)Quantum Mechanics and Emergence (S Lloyd)Quantum Mechanisms in Biology:Quantum Coherence and the Search for the First Replicator (J Al-Khalili & J McFadden)Ultrafast Quantum Dynamics in Photosynthesis (A O Castro, F F Olsen, C F Lee & N F Johnson)Modelling Quantum Decoherence in Biomolecules (J Bothma, J Gilmore & R H McKenzie)The Biological Evidence:Molecular Evolution: A Role for Quantum Mechanics in the Dynamics of Molecular Machines that Read and Write DNA (A Goel)Memory Depends on the Cytoskeleton, but is it Quantum? (A Mershin & D V Nanopoulos)Quantum Metabolism and Allometric Scaling Relations in Biology (L Demetrius)Spectroscopy of the Genetic Code (J D Bashford & P D Jarvis)Towards Understanding the Origin of Genetic Languages (A D Patel)Artificial Quantum Life:Can Arbitrary Quantum Systems Undergo Self-Replication? (A K Pati & S L Braunstein)A Semi-Quantum Version of the Game of Life (A P Flitney & D Abbott)Evolutionary Stability in Quantum Games (A Iqbal & T Cheon)Quantum Transmemetic Intelligence (E W Piotrowski & J S≈adkowski)The Debate:Dreams versus Reality: Plenary Debate Session on Quantum Computing (For Panel: C M Caves, D Lidar, H Brandt, A R Hamilton, Against Panel: D K Ferry, J Gea-Banacloche, S M Bezrukov, L B Kish, Debate Chair: C R Doering, Transcript Editor: D Abbott)Plenary Debate: Quantum Effects in Biology: Trivial or Not? (For Panel: P C W Davies, S Hameroff, A Zeilinger, D Abbott, Against Panel: J Eisert, H M Wiseman, S M Bezrukov, H Frauenfelder, Debate Chair: J Gea-Banacloche, Transcript Editor: D Abbott)Nontrivial Quantum Effects in Biology: A Skeptical Physicist's View (H Wiseman & J Eisert)That's Life! — The Geometry of π Electron Clouds (S Hameroff) Readership: Graduate students and researchers in quantum physics, biophysics, nanosciences, quantum chemistry, mathematical biology and complexity theory, as well as philosophers of science. Keywords:Quantum Biology;Quantum Computation;Quantum Mechanics;Biophysics;Nanotechnology;Quantum Technology;Quantum Information Processing;Bio-Info-Nano-Systems (BINS);Emergence;Complexity;Complex Systems;Cellular Automata;Game Theory;Biomolecules;Photosynthesis;DNA;Genetic Code;DecoherenceKey Features:Is structured in a debate style, where contributors argue opposing positionsBrings together some of the finest minds and latest developments in the fieldIs entirely unique and there are no competing titles

Advanced Quantum Mechanics

Advanced Quantum Mechanics Book
Author : RAINER DICK
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-07-01
ISBN : 3319256750
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this updated and expanded second edition of a well-received and invaluable textbook, Prof. Dick emphasizes the importance of advanced quantum mechanics for materials science and all experimental techniques which employ photon absorption, emission, or scattering. Important aspects of introductory quantum mechanics are covered in the first seven chapters to make the subject self-contained and accessible for a wide audience. Advanced Quantum Mechanics, Materials and Photons can therefore be used for advanced undergraduate courses and introductory graduate courses which are targeted towards students with diverse academic backgrounds from the Natural Sciences or Engineering. To enhance this inclusive aspect of making the subject as accessible as possible Appendices A and B also provide introductions to Lagrangian mechanics and the covariant formulation of electrodynamics. This second edition includes an additional 62 new problems as well as expanded sections on relativistic quantum fields and applications of quantum electrodynamics. Other special features include an introduction to Lagrangian field theory and an integrated discussion of transition amplitudes with discrete or continuous initial or final states. Once students have acquired an understanding of basic quantum mechanics and classical field theory, canonical field quantization is easy. Furthermore, the integrated discussion of transition amplitudes naturally leads to the notions of transition probabilities, decay rates, absorption cross sections and scattering cross sections, which are important for all experimental techniques that use photon probes.

Dissipative Quantum Mechanics of Nanostructures

Dissipative Quantum Mechanics of Nanostructures Book
Author : Andrei D. Zaikin,Dmitry Golubev
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-05-24
ISBN : 1000024202
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Continuing miniaturization of electronic devices, together with the quickly growing number of nanotechnological applications, demands a profound understanding of the underlying physics. Most of the fundamental problems of modern condensed matter physics involve various aspects of quantum transport and fluctuation phenomena at the nanoscale. In nanostructures, electrons are usually confined to a limited volume and interact with each other and lattice ions, simultaneously suffering multiple scattering events on impurities, barriers, surface imperfections, and other defects. Electron interaction with other degrees of freedom generally yields two major consequences, quantum dissipation and quantum decoherence. In other words, electrons can lose their energy and ability for quantum interference even at very low temperatures. These two different, but related, processes are at the heart of all quantum phenomena discussed in this book. This book presents copious details to facilitate the understanding of the basic physics behind a result and the learning to technically reproduce the result without delving into extra literature. The book subtly balances the description of theoretical methods and techniques and the display of the rich landscape of the physical phenomena that can be accessed by these methods. It is useful for a broad readership ranging from master’s and PhD students to postdocs and senior researchers.