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Quantum Mechanics Of Non Hamiltonian And Dissipative Systems

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Quantum Mechanics of Non Hamiltonian and Dissipative Systems

Quantum Mechanics of Non Hamiltonian and Dissipative Systems Book
Author : Vasily Tarasov
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2008-06-06
ISBN : 9780080559711
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Quantum Mechanics of Non-Hamiltonian and Dissipative Systems is self-contained and can be used by students without a previous course in modern mathematics and physics. The book describes the modern structure of the theory, and covers the fundamental results of last 15 years. The book has been recommended by Russian Ministry of Education as the textbook for graduate students and has been used for graduate student lectures from 1998 to 2006. • Requires no preliminary knowledge of graduate and advanced mathematics • Discusses the fundamental results of last 15 years in this theory • Suitable for courses for undergraduate students as well as graduate students and specialists in physics mathematics and other sciences

Classical And Quantum Dissipative Systems Second Edition

Classical And Quantum Dissipative Systems  Second Edition  Book
Author : Razavy Mohsen
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2017-02-27
ISBN : 9813207930
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Dissipative forces play an important role in problems of classical as well as quantum mechanics. Since these forces are not among the basic forces of nature, it is essential to consider whether they should be treated as phenomenological interactions used in the equations of motion, or they should be derived from other conservative forces. In this book we discuss both approaches in detail starting with the Stoke's law of motion in a viscous fluid and ending with a rather detailed review of the recent attempts to understand the nature of the drag forces originating from the motion of a plane or a sphere in vacuum caused by the variations in the zero-point energy. In the classical formulation, mathematical techniques for construction of Lagrangian and Hamiltonian for the variational formulation of non-conservative systems are discussed at length. Various physical systems of interest including the problem of radiating electron, theory of natural line width, spin-boson problem, scattering and trapping of heavy ions and optical potential models of nuclear reactions are considered and solved.

Applications in Physics

Applications in Physics Book
Author : Vasily E. Tarasov
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2019-02-19
ISBN : 3110571722
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This multi-volume handbook is the most up-to-date and comprehensive reference work in the field of fractional calculus and its numerous applications. This fifth volume collects authoritative chapters covering several applications of fractional calculus in physics, including electrodynamics, statistical physics and physical kinetics, and quantum theory.

Fractional Dynamics

Fractional Dynamics Book
Author : Vasily E. Tarasov
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-01-04
ISBN : 3642140033
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Fractional Dynamics: Applications of Fractional Calculus to Dynamics of Particles, Fields and Media" presents applications of fractional calculus, integral and differential equations of non-integer orders in describing systems with long-time memory, non-local spatial and fractal properties. Mathematical models of fractal media and distributions, generalized dynamical systems and discrete maps, non-local statistical mechanics and kinetics, dynamics of open quantum systems, the hydrodynamics and electrodynamics of complex media with non-local properties and memory are considered. This book is intended to meet the needs of scientists and graduate students in physics, mechanics and applied mathematics who are interested in electrodynamics, statistical and condensed matter physics, quantum dynamics, complex media theories and kinetics, discrete maps and lattice models, and nonlinear dynamics and chaos. Dr. Vasily E. Tarasov is a Senior Research Associate at Nuclear Physics Institute of Moscow State University and an Associate Professor at Applied Mathematics and Physics Department of Moscow Aviation Institute.

Fractional Dynamics

Fractional Dynamics Book
Author : Joseph Klafter,S. C. Lim,Ralf Metzler
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2012
ISBN : 9814340596
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume provides the latest developments in the field of fractional dynamics, which covers fractional (anomalous) transport phenomena, fractional statistical mechanics, fractional quantum mechanics and fractional quantum field theory. The contributors are selected based on their active and important contributions to their respective topics. This volume is the first of its kind that covers such a comprehensive range of topics in fractional dynamics. It will point out to advanced undergraduate and graduate students, and young researchers the possible directions of research in this subject. In addition to those who intend to work in this field and those already in the field, this volume will also be useful for researchers not directly involved in the field, but want to know the current status and trends of development in this subject. This latter group includes theoretical chemists, mathematical biologists and engineers.

Quantum Mechanics Between Ontology and Epistemology

Quantum Mechanics Between Ontology and Epistemology Book
Author : Florian J. Boge
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-10-24
ISBN : 3319957651
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores the prospects of rivaling ontological and epistemic interpretations of quantum mechanics (QM). It concludes with a suggestion for how to interpret QM from an epistemological point of view and with a Kantian touch. It thus refines, extends, and combines existing approaches in a similar direction. The author first looks at current, hotly debated ontological interpretations. These include hidden variables-approaches, Bohmian mechanics, collapse interpretations, and the many worlds interpretation. He demonstrates why none of these ontological interpretations can claim to be the clear winner amongst its rivals. Next, coverage explores the possibility of interpreting QM in terms of knowledge but without the assumption of hidden variables. It examines QBism as well as Healey’s pragmatist view. The author finds both interpretations or programs appealing, but still wanting in certain respects. As a result, he then goes on to advance a genuine proposal as to how to interpret QM from the perspective of an internal realism in the sense of Putnam and Kant. The book also includes two philosophical interludes. One details the notions of probability and realism. The other highlights the connections between the notions of locality, causality, and reality in the context of violations of Bell-type inequalities.

Quantum Dissipative Systems

Quantum Dissipative Systems Book
Author : Ulrich Weiss
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 1999
ISBN : 9789810240929
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent advances in the quantum theory of macroscopic systems have brightened up the field and brought it into the focus of a general community in natural sciences. The fundamental concepts, methods and applications including the most recent developments, previously covered for the most part only in the original literature, are presented here in a comprehensive treatment to an audience who is reasonably familiar with quantum-statistical mechanics and has had rudimentary contacts with the path integral formulation. This book deals with the phenomena and theory of decoherence and dissipation in quantum mechanics that arise from the interaction with the environment. A general path integral description of equilibrium thermodynamics and non-equilibrium dynamics is developed. The approach can deal with weak and strong dissipation, and with all kinds of memory effects. Applications to numerous phenomenological and microscopic systems are presented, where emphasis is put on condensed matter and chemical physics. The basic principles and methods of preparation functions, propagating functions, and time correlation functions are described. Special attention is focused on quantum tunneling and quantum coherence phenomena of macroscopic variables. Many illustrative realistic examples are discussed in some detail. The book attempts to provide a broad perspective and to open up this rapidly developing field to interested researchers normally working in different fields. In this enlarged second edition, the nineteen chapters of the first edition have been expanded by about one-third to better meet both the requests of newcomers to the field and of advanced readers, and seven new chapters have beenadded that review the most recent important developments.

Entropy in Foundations of Quantum Physics

Entropy in Foundations of Quantum Physics Book
Author : Marcin Pawłowski
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-12-15
ISBN : 3039289519
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a collection of outstanding papers on various aspects of entropy at the foundation of quantum physics. The covered topics range from purely foundational issues such as contextuality and Bell and Leggett–Garg inequalities to applications such as quantum key distribution, teleportation, and image encoding. The main ingredient binding them together in this book is that in all of the contained papers, entropy plays a key role either as a mathematical tool or as a link which bridges the gap between different fields of science.

Fractional Quantum Mechanics

Fractional Quantum Mechanics Book
Author : Laskin Nick
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2018-05-25
ISBN : 9813223812
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fractional quantum mechanics is a recently emerged and rapidly developing field of quantum physics. This is the first monograph on fundamentals and physical applications of fractional quantum mechanics, written by its founder. The fractional Schrödinger equation and the fractional path integral are new fundamental physical concepts introduced and elaborated in the book. The fractional Schrödinger equation is a manifestation of fractional quantum mechanics. The fractional path integral is a new mathematical tool based on integration over Lévy flights. The fractional path integral method enhances the well-known Feynman path integral framework. Related topics covered in the text include time fractional quantum mechanics, fractional statistical mechanics, fractional classical mechanics and the α-stable Lévy random process. The book is well-suited for theorists, pure and applied mathematicians, solid-state physicists, chemists, and others working with the Schrödinger equation, the path integral technique and applications of fractional calculus in various research areas. It is useful to skilled researchers as well as to graduate students looking for new ideas and advanced approaches.

The Problem of Time

The Problem of Time Book
Author : Edward Anderson
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-09-18
ISBN : 3319588486
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a treatise on time and on background independence in physics. It first considers how time is conceived of in each accepted paradigm of physics: Newtonian, special relativity, quantum mechanics (QM) and general relativity (GR). Substantial differences are moreover uncovered between what is meant by time in QM and in GR. These differences jointly source the Problem of Time: Nine interlinked facets which arise upon attempting concurrent treatment of the QM and GR paradigms, as is required in particular for a background independent theory of quantum gravity. A sizeable proportion of current quantum gravity programs - e.g. geometrodynamical and loop quantum gravity approaches to quantum GR, quantum cosmology, supergravity and M-theory - are background independent in this sense. This book's foundational topic is thus furthermore of practical relevance in the ongoing development of quantum gravity programs. This book shows moreover that eight of the nine facets of the Problem of Time already occur upon entertaining background independence in classical (rather than quantum) physics. By this development, and interpreting shape theory as modelling background independence, this book further establishes background independence as a field of study. Background independent mechanics, as well as minisuperspace (spatially homogeneous) models of GR and perturbations thereabout are used to illustrate these points. As hitherto formulated, the different facets of the Problem of Time greatly interfere with each others' attempted resolutions. This book explains how, none the less, a local resolution of the Problem of Time can be arrived at after various reconceptualizations of the facets and reformulations of their mathematical implementation. Self-contained appendices on mathematical methods for basic and foundational quantum gravity are included. Finally, this book outlines how supergravity is refreshingly different from GR as a realization of background independence, and what background independence entails at the topological level and beyond.

Geometric Methods in Physics XXXVIII

Geometric Methods in Physics XXXVIII Book
Author : Piotr Kielanowski,Anatol Odzijewicz,Emma Previato
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-10-27
ISBN : 3030533050
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book consists of articles based on the XXXVIII Białowieża Workshop on Geometric Methods in Physics, 2019. The series of Białowieża workshops, attended by a community of experts at the crossroads of mathematics and physics, is a major annual event in the field. The works in this book, based on presentations given at the workshop, are previously unpublished, at the cutting edge of current research, typically grounded in geometry and analysis, with applications to classical and quantum physics. For the past eight years, the Białowieża Workshops have been complemented by a School on Geometry and Physics, comprising series of advanced lectures for graduate students and early-career researchers. The extended abstracts of the five lecture series that were given in the eighth school are included. The unique character of the Workshop-and-School series draws on the venue, a famous historical, cultural and environmental site in the Białowieża forest, a UNESCO World Heritage Centre in the east of Poland: lectures are given in the Nature and Forest Museum and local traditions are interwoven with the scientific activities. The chapter “Toeplitz Extensions in Noncommutative Topology and Mathematical Physics” is available open access under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License via link.springer.com.

Mathematical Economics

Mathematical Economics Book
Author : Vasily E. Tarasov
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-06-03
ISBN : 303936118X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is devoted to the application of fractional calculus in economics to describe processes with memory and non-locality. Fractional calculus is a branch of mathematics that studies the properties of differential and integral operators that are characterized by real or complex orders. Fractional calculus methods are powerful tools for describing the processes and systems with memory and nonlocality. Recently, fractional integro-differential equations have been used to describe a wide class of economical processes with power law memory and spatial nonlocality. Generalizations of basic economic concepts and notions the economic processes with memory were proposed. New mathematical models with continuous time are proposed to describe economic dynamics with long memory. This book is a collection of articles reflecting the latest mathematical and conceptual developments in mathematical economics with memory and non-locality based on applications of fractional calculus.

Applications in Physics

Applications in Physics Book
Author : Vasily E. Tarasov
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2019-02-19
ISBN : 3110571706
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This multi-volume handbook is the most up-to-date and comprehensive reference work in the field of fractional calculus and its numerous applications. This fourth volume collects authoritative chapters covering several applications of fractional calculus in physics, including classical and continuum mechanics.

Symmetries in Science X

Symmetries in Science X Book
Author : Bruno Gruber,Michael Ramek
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-29
ISBN : 1489915370
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Proceedings an International Symposium held in Bregenz, Austria, July 13-18, 1997

Quantum Mechanics

Quantum Mechanics Book
Author : Harish Parthasarathy
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-10-01
ISBN : 1000465381
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers the entire span of quantum mechanics whose developments have taken place during the early part of the twentieth century up till the present day. We start with the Rutherford-Bohr model of the atom followed by Schrodinger's wave mechanics with its application to the solution of calculating the energy spectrum of a particle in a box, the harmonic oscillator and finally the hydrogen atom. Heisenberg's matrix mechanics and its duality with Schrodinger's wave mechanics, quantum mechanics in the interaction picture. Dirac's relativistic theory of the electron exhibiting the spin of the electron as a relativistic effect when it interacts with an external electromagnetic field. Feynman's path integral approach to non-relativistic quantum mechanics with is a marvellous intuitive interpretation as a sum over paths and how classical mechanics is obtained from its limit as Planck' constant tends to zero, methods for computing the spectra of the Dirac Hamiltonian in a radial potential, quantum field theory as developed by Feynman, Schwinger, Tomonaga and Dyson for describing the interaction between electrons, positrons, and photons via propagators using both the operator theoretic expansions and Feynman's path integral. We also introduce time independent and time dependent perturbation theory in quantum mechanics with applications to quantum gate design for quantum computers forming a major part of the research conducted by the author's research group, Quantum noise introduced into the Schrodinger and Dirac's equation based on the Hudson-Parthasarathy quantum stochastic calculus in Boson Fock space, scattering theory and wave operators with applications to quantum gate design, some aspects of second quantization like the interpretation of Boson Fock space in terms of harmonic oscillator algebras and the BCS theory of superconductivity, Wigner-Mackey-Frobenius theory of induced representations of a group with applications to Wigner's theory of particle classification, Dirac's equation in a gravitational field and Yang-Mills non-Abelian gauge theories with application to the construction of unified quantum field theories and finally, the more recent theory of super-symmetry which is a Boson-Fermion unification theory. We have discussed the statistics of Boson's, Fermions and Maxwell-Boltzmann based on entropy maximization. The book is written in problem-solution format and it would be of use to physicists and engineers interested respectively in developing unified field theories and in the design of quantum gates. Note: T&F does not sell or distribute the Hardback in India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka.

Lagrangian and Hamiltonian Methods for Nonlinear Control 2003

Lagrangian and Hamiltonian Methods for Nonlinear Control 2003 Book
Author : A Astolfi,Francisco Gordillo,A J Van Der Schaft
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2003-10-21
ISBN : 9780080442785
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the second of a series of IFAC Workshops initiated in 2000. The first one chaired and organized by Profs. N. Leonard and R. Ortega, was held in Princeton in March 2000. This proceedings volume looks at the role-played by Lagrangian and Hamiltonian methods in disciplines such as classical mechanics, quantum mechanics, fluid dynamics, electrodynamics, celestial mechanics and how such methods can be practically applied in the control community. *Presents and illustrates new approaches to nonlinear control that exploit the Lagrangian and Hamiltonian structure of the system to be controlled *Highlights the important role of Lagrangian and Hamiltonian Structures as design methods

Transport of Information Carriers in Semiconductors and Nanodevices

Transport of Information Carriers in Semiconductors and Nanodevices Book
Author : El-Saba, Muhammad
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2017-03-31
ISBN : 1522523138
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Rapid developments in technology have led to enhanced electronic systems and applications. When utilized correctly, these can have significant impacts on communication and computer systems. Transport of Information-Carriers in Semiconductors and Nanodevices is an innovative source of academic material on transport modelling in semiconductor material and nanoscale devices. Including a range of perspectives on relevant topics such as charge carriers, semiclassical transport theory, and organic semiconductors, this is an ideal publication for engineers, researchers, academics, professionals, and practitioners interested in emerging developments on transport equations that govern information carriers.

Quantum Bio Informatics III

Quantum Bio Informatics III Book
Author : Luigi Accardi,Wolfgang Freudenberg,Masanori Ohya
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2010
ISBN : 9814304069
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The purpose of this proceedings volume is to look for interdisciplinary bridges in mathematics, physics, information and life sciences, in particular, research for new paradigms for information and life sciences on the basis of quantum theory. The main areas in this volume are all related to one of the following subjects: quantum information, bio-informatics and the interrelation between (1) and (2).

Progress in Optics

Progress in Optics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2002-05-17
ISBN : 0080929982
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The seven reviews articles presented in this volume cover a broad range of subjects. The first article is concerned with the use of active optics in modern, large telescopes. The second article discusses variational methods used in nonlinear fibre optics and in related fields. The article by O. Keller which follows deals with a topic of historical interest, presenting a account of researches of the Danish physicist L.V. Lorenz who in 1867 established the electrodynamic theory of light, independently of the work of James Clerk Maxwell. The fourth article is concerned with the canonical quantum description of light propagation in dielectric media. The fifth article by D. Dragoman describes the similarities and the differences between classical optics and quantum mechanics in phase space. The article by R. Boyd and D. Gauthier which follows, summarizes research on pulse propagation effects in resonant material system. The concluding article by A. Torre is concerned with the fractional Fourier transform and some of it applications in optics. It is clear that the articles in this volume cover a broad range of subjects, some of which are likely to be of interest to many scientists concerned with optical theory or with optical devices.

Physics letters part A

Physics letters    part A   Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Physics letters part A book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.