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Quantitative Analysis And Modeling Of Earth And Environmental Data

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Quantitative Analysis and Modeling of Earth and Environmental Data

Quantitative Analysis and Modeling of Earth and Environmental Data Book
Author : Jiaping Wu,Junyu He,George Christakos
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-12-15
ISBN : 9780128163412
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Quantitative Analysis and Modeling of Earth and Environmental Data: Applications for Spatial and Temporal Variation offers a systematic, quantitative analysis of multi-sourced data, including the spatial distribution and temporal dynamics of natural attributes. It covers data handling techniques that may vary by space and/or time, and aims to improve understanding of physical laws of change underlying available numerical datasets, while also considering in-situ uncertainties and relevant measurement errors (conceptual, technical, computational). Featuring real-world practical applications and practice exercises, this book is a comprehensive step-by-step tutorial of data-driven techniques that will help students and researchers master data analysis in earth and environmental sciences. The notions and methods presented in the book cover a wide range of data in various forms and sources, including hard measurements, soft observations, secondary information and auxiliary variables (ground-level measurements, satellite observations, scientific instruments and records, protocols and surveys, empirical models and charts). Addresses the analysis and processing data that varies spatially and/or temporally, which is the case with the majority of data in scientific and engineering disciplines Covers a wide range of data describing a variety of attributes characterizing physical phenomena and systems including earth, ocean and atmospheric variables, environmental and ecological parameters, population health states, disease indicators, and social and economic characteristics Includes case studies and practice exercises at the end of each chapter for both real-world applications and deeper understanding of the concepts presented

Statistics for Earth and Environmental Scientists

Statistics for Earth and Environmental Scientists Book
Author : John H. Schuenemeyer,Lawrence J. Drew
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-04-12
ISBN : 1118102215
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive treatment of statistical applications for solvingreal-world environmental problems A host of complex problems face today's earth science community,such as evaluating the supply of remaining non-renewable energyresources, assessing the impact of people on the environment,understanding climate change, and managing the use of water. Propercollection and analysis of data using statistical techniquescontributes significantly toward the solution of these problems.Statistics for Earth and Environmental Scientists presentsimportant statistical concepts through data analytic tools andshows readers how to apply them to real-world problems. The authors present several different statistical approaches tothe environmental sciences, including Bayesian and nonparametricmethodologies. The book begins with an introduction to types ofdata, evaluation of data, modeling and estimation, randomvariation, and sampling—all of which are explored throughcase studies that use real data from earth science applications.Subsequent chapters focus on principles of modeling and the keymethods and techniques for analyzing scientific data,including: Interval estimation and Methods for analyzinghypothesis testingof means time series data Spatial statistics Multivariate analysis Discrete distributions Experimental design Most statistical models are introduced by concept andapplication, given as equations, and then accompanied by heuristicjustification rather than a formal proof. Data analysis, modelbuilding, and statistical inference are stressed throughout, andreaders are encouraged to collect their own data to incorporateinto the exercises at the end of each chapter. Most data sets,graphs, and analyses are computed using R, but can be worked withusing any statistical computing software. A related websitefeatures additional data sets, answers to selected exercises, and Rcode for the book's examples. Statistics for Earth and Environmental Scientists is anexcellent book for courses on quantitative methods in geology,geography, natural resources, and environmental sciences at theupper-undergraduate and graduate levels. It is also a valuablereference for earth scientists, geologists, hydrologists, andenvironmental statisticians who collect and analyze data in theireveryday work.

Mathematical Methods in the Earth and Environmental Sciences

Mathematical Methods in the Earth and Environmental Sciences Book
Author : Adrian Burd
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2019-04-30
ISBN : 1107117488
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An accessible introduction to the mathematical methods essential for understanding processes in the Earth and environmental sciences.

Environmental Data Analysis

Environmental Data Analysis Book
Author : Zhihua Zhang
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2017-01-01
ISBN : 3110424908
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Most environmental data involve a large degree of complexity and uncertainty. Environmental Data Analysis is created to provide modern quantitative tools and techniques designed specifically to meet the needs of environmental sciences and related fields. This book has an impressive coverage of the scope. Main techniques described in this book are models for linear and nonlinear environmental systems, statistical & numerical methods, data envelopment analysis, risk assessments and life cycle assessments. These state-of-the-art techniques have attracted significant attention over the past decades in environmental monitoring, modeling and decision making. Environmental Data Analysis explains carefully various data analysis procedures and techniques in a clear, concise, and straightforward language and is written in a self-contained way that is accessible to researchers and advanced students in science and engineering. This is an excellent reference for scientists and engineers who wish to analyze, interpret and model data from various sources, and is also an ideal graduate-level textbook for courses in environmental sciences and related fields. Contents: Preface Time series analysis Chaos and dynamical systems Approximation Interpolation Statistical methods Numerical methods Optimization Data envelopment analysis Risk assessments Life cycle assessments Index

Analyzing Environmental Data

Analyzing Environmental Data Book
Author : Walter W. Piegorsch,A. John Bailer
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2005-06-10
ISBN : 0470012226
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental statistics is a rapidly growing field, supported by advances in digital computing power, automated data collection systems, and interactive, linkable Internet software. Concerns over public and ecological health and the continuing need to support environmental policy-making and regulation have driven a concurrent explosion in environmental data analysis. This textbook is designed to address the need for trained professionals in this area. The book is based on a course which the authors have taught for many years, and prepares students for careers in environmental analysis centered on statistics and allied quantitative methods of data evaluation. The text extends beyond the introductory level, allowing students and environmental science practitioners to develop the expertise to design and perform sophisticated environmental data analyses. In particular, it: Provides a coherent introduction to intermediate and advanced methods for modeling and analyzing environmental data. Takes a data-oriented approach to describing the various methods. Illustrates the methods with real-world examples Features extensive exercises, enabling use as a course text. Includes examples of SAS computer code for implementation of the statistical methods. Connects to a Web site featuring solutions to exercises, extra computer code, and additional material. Serves as an overview of methods for analyzing environmental data, enabling use as a reference text for environmental science professionals. Graduate students of statistics studying environmental data analysis will find this invaluable as will practicing data analysts and environmental scientists including specialists in atmospheric science, biology and biomedicine, chemistry, ecology, environmental health, geography, and geology.

Quantitative Geochemistry

Quantitative Geochemistry Book
Author : Haibo Zou
Publisher : Imperial College Press
Release : 2007
ISBN : 1860946461
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This book presents quantitative treatments of a wide range of fundamental problems related to geochemistry and geology. It shows that trace elements, isotopes, and equations are integrative tools in modern geochemistry for studying various Earth processes." -- Back cover.

Random Field Models in Earth Sciences

Random Field Models in Earth Sciences Book
Author : George Christakos
Publisher : Courier Corporation
Release : 2012-08-09
ISBN : 0486160912
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text for graduate students examines problems related to earth and environmental sciences by means of theoretical models based on a purely random (stochastic) element. 103 figures. 16 tables.

Precipitation Modeling and Quantitative Analysis

Precipitation Modeling and Quantitative Analysis Book
Author : Xiaofan Li,Shouting Gao
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-11-03
ISBN : 9789400723818
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book examines surface rainfall processes through cloud-resolving modeling and quantitative analysis of surface rainfall budget and summarizes modeling and analysis results in recent seven years. The book shows validation of precipitation modeling against observations and derives a set of diagnostic precipitation equations. The book provides detailed discussions of the applications of precipitation equations to the examination of effects of sea surface temperature, vertical wind shear, radiation, and ice clouds on torrential rainfall processes in the tropics and mid-latitudes, and to the studies of sensitivity of precipitation modeling to uncertainty of the initial conditions and to the estimate of precipitation efficiency. The book can be used as a text book for graduate students and will be beneficial to researchers and forecasters for precipitation process studies and operational forecasts.

Environmental Modelling and Prediction

Environmental Modelling and Prediction Book
Author : Gongbing Peng,Lance M. Leslie,Yaping Shao
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2001-11-06
ISBN : 9783540674221
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this book the authors consider the natural environment as an integrated system. The physical, chemical and biological processes that govern the behaviour of the environmental system can thus be understood through mathematical modelling, and their evolution can be studied by means of numerical simulation. The book contains a summary of various efficient approaches in atmospheric prediction, such as numerical weather prediction and statistical forecast of climate change, as well as other successful methods in land surface modelling. The authors explore new theories and methods in environment prediction such as systems analysis and information theory. Attention is given to new achievements in remote sensing tele-metering and geographic information systems.

Hydrogeological Conceptual Site Models

Hydrogeological Conceptual Site Models Book
Author : Neven Kresic,Alex Mikszewski
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-07-30
ISBN : 1439852227
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A reference for students, researchers, and environmental professionals, Hydrogeological Conceptual Site Models: Data Analysis and Visualization explains how to develop effective conceptual site models, perform advanced spatial data analysis, and generate informative graphics for applications in hydrogeology and groundwater remediation. Written by expert practitioners, this full-color book illustrates how fundamental hydrogeological concepts are translated into quantitative, high-resolution computer visualizations. In addition, the authors discuss topics not typically covered in conventional textbooks, including GIS technology and the relationship between conceptual site models and environmental policy. Advanced Methods for Data Analysis and Visualization Featuring more than 500 color illustrations, this unique and visually powerful book outlines the required elements of a conceptual site model and provides numerous examples of supporting charts, cross-sections, maps, and 3D graphics. The authors describe advanced analytical methods such as geospatial processing, kriging, and groundwater modeling through practical real-life examples. They also present numerous case studies in groundwater supply and remediation to help explain key engineering design concepts. Data-Driven Assessments of Groundwater Management Policy The authors tackle controversial topics, ranging from technical impracticability of groundwater remediation to sustainable management of groundwater resources. They encourage discussion and independent thought about how current environmental policies and practices can evolve to achieve better outcomes at less cost to society. Practical Strategies for Communicating Your Findings to the General Public While the book is technical in nature, equations and advanced theory are kept to a minimum. The text focuses on practical strategies to help you create easy-to-understand data tables, graphs, maps, and illustrations for technical and nontechnical audiences alike. A companion DVD includes animations, reference material, modeling software, and more.

Categorical Data Analysis for Geographers and Environmental Scientists

Categorical Data Analysis for Geographers and Environmental Scientists Book
Author : Neil Wrigley
Publisher :
Release : 1985
ISBN : 9781930665576
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Categorical Data Analysis for Geographers and Environmental Scientists, originally published in 1985, provided the first account of the new integrated approaches to the analysis of categorical data designed specifically to meet the needs of the geographer and the environmental scientist. It is intended to be the logical sequel to the type of multivariate statistics course that most researchers in those fields will have encountered. As such, it is much more comprehensive in scope than other texts in the field. The book contains more than 40 empiric illustrations (from oil exploration to transport planning in cities), which are designed to form an integrated part of the text. These serve to link the theory to the practice of geographical and environmental science research. Dr. Wrigley's book was a milestone in data analysis in the spatial sciences. It provided an account of a revolution that has swept through an area of statistical methodology and that has transformed the practice of data analysis for social and environmental scientists. The book is sensitive to the likely statistic/mathematic backgrounds of geographers and environmental scientists and is written in a fashion that should be accessible to all higher level undergraduate and postgraduate students, faculty and researchers in those areas. "One of the liveliest areas of statistics during the past 15 years has been the analysis of categorical data, counts or frequencies of different classes. Historically a poor relation of the analysis of continuous data, the field has been unified by the development of related families of models (logit, logistic, log-linear, and so on), which supersede or subsume earlier approaches based on measures of association or chi-square testing, many of them rather isolated or ad hoc. As, among geographers, Neil Wrigley has been the leading advocate and exponent of these new methods, it is especially appropriate that he should produce a guidebook for his colleagues. Thorough, professional and beautifully laid out, his text leads the reader steadily through the new terrain, with many helpful remarks on confusing points like notation . . . . He can be congratulated on a major contribution to the geographical literature." The Times Higher Education Supplement "The book must certainly be regarded as a major contribution to quantitative analysis in geography and environmental science. It will undoubtedly appear daunting to many readers at first, but is worth persevering with and has the merit that it will bear repeated reading as the expertise of the analyst develops." Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers "Wrigley has succeeded in producing a first-rate book which covers many of the major geographically relevant developments of categorical data analysis and presents them in an integrative, stimulating, and comprehensible way. The book should become both a standard text for courses on statistical methodology at the higher-level undergraduate and postgraduate level and a must for the researcher involved in the modelling of spatial choice behaviour and in analyzing categorical data." Geographical Analysis Neil Wrigley Ph.D. (Cambridge), D.Sc. (Bristol) is Professor of Geography at the University of Southampton, UK (where he has been Head of Department 1992-95, 1999-2001). Previously, he was Professor and Head of the Department of City & Regional Planning, University of Wales, Cardiff, and before that Reader in Geography at the University of Bristol. He has held visiting appointments at several universities in the USA, Canada and Australia, an Erskine Fellowship in New Zealand, and was Senior Research Fellow at St Peter's College, Oxford (1996-97). He is currently founding editor of the Journal of Economic Geography (Oxford University Press) and was previously (1988-93) editor of Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers.

Environmental Modelling

Environmental Modelling Book
Author : John Wainwright,Mark Mulligan
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-01-22
ISBN : 1118351487
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Simulation models are an established method used to investigate processes and solve practical problems in a wide variety of disciplines. Central to the concept of this second edition is the idea that environmental systems are complex, open systems. The authors present the diversity of approaches to dealing with environmental complexity and then encourage readers to make comparisons between these approaches and between different disciplines. Environmental Modelling: Finding Simplicity in Complexity 2nd edition is divided into four main sections: An overview of methods and approaches to modelling. State of the art for modelling environmental processes Tools used and models for management Current and future developments. The second edition evolves from the first by providing additional emphasis and material for those students wishing to specialize in environmental modelling. This edition: Focuses on simplifying complex environmental systems. Reviews current software, tools and techniques for modelling. Gives practical examples from a wide variety of disciplines, e.g. climatology, ecology, hydrology, geomorphology and engineering. Has an associated website containing colour images, links to WWW resources and chapter support pages, including data sets relating to case studies, exercises and model animations. This book is suitable for final year undergraduates and postgraduates in environmental modelling, environmental science, civil engineering and biology who will already be familiar with the subject and are moving on to specialize in the field. It is also designed to appeal to professionals interested in the environmental sciences, including environmental consultants, government employees, civil engineers, geographers, ecologists, meteorologists, and geochemists.

Geomorphology and Environmental Impact Assessment

Geomorphology and Environmental Impact Assessment Book
Author : M. Marchetti,V. Rivas
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2001-01-01
ISBN : 9789058093448
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume focuses on the close relationship between geomorphology and environmental impact assessment, and provides a wide-ranging overview of this topic. It includes several case studies covering a variety of environmental impacts derived from human activities (quarrying, communication infrastructure etc.) on different geomorphologic components (landforms, soil, landscapes etc.) and environments (glacial, fluvial, coastal etc.) The case studies presented offer a methodological guide from the most traditional geomorphological approaches through to the use of spatial data analysis and GIS tools and techniques. Environmental Impact Assessment is a relatively new scientific branch in which a wide variety of specialists are increasingly becoming involved. This volume will be of interest to geomorphologists, biologists, geographers, architects and engineers.

Quantitative Geography

Quantitative Geography Book
Author : A Stewart Fotheringham,Chris Brunsdon,Martin Charlton
Publisher : SAGE
Release : 2000-05-02
ISBN : 9780761959489
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Integrating a discussion of the application of quantitative methods with practical examples, this book explains the philosophy of the new quantitative methodologies and contrasts them with the methods associated with geography's `Quantitative Revolution' of the 1960s. Key issues discussed include: the nature of modern quantitative geography; spatial data; geographical information systems; visualization; local analysis; point pattern analysis; spatial regression; and statistical inference. Concluding with a review of models used in spatial theory, the authors discuss the current challenges to spatial data analysis. Written to be accessible, to communicate the diversity and excitement of recent thinking, Quantitative Geog

Meteorological Measurements and Instrumentation

Meteorological Measurements and Instrumentation Book
Author : Giles Harrison
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-10-14
ISBN : 1118745752
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes the fundamental scientific principles underlying high quality instrumentation used for environmental measurements. It discusses a wide range of in situ sensors employed in practical environmental monitoring and, in particular, those used in surface based measurement systems. It also considers the use of weather balloons to provide a wealth of upper atmosphere data. To illustrate the technologies in use it includes many examples of real atmospheric measurements in typical and unusual circumstances, with a discussion of the electronic signal conditioning, data acquisition considerations and data processing principles necessary for reliable measurements. This also allows the long history of atmospheric measurements to be placed in the context of the requirements of modern climate science, by building the physical science appreciation of the instrumental record and looking forward to new and emerging sensor and recording technologies.