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Quantitative Analysis And Modeling Of Earth And Environmental Data

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Quantitative Analysis and Modeling of Earth and Environmental Data

Quantitative Analysis and Modeling of Earth and Environmental Data Book
Author : Jiaping Wu,Junyu He,George Christakos
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-12-04
ISBN : 0128163429
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Quantitative Analysis and Modeling of Earth and Environmental Data: Space-Time and Spacetime Data Considerations introduces the notion of chronotopologic data analysis that offers a systematic, quantitative analysis of multi-sourced data and provides information about the spatial distribution and temporal dynamics of natural attributes (physical, biological, health, social). It includes models and techniques for handling data that may vary by space and/or time, and aims to improve understanding of the physical laws of change underlying the available numerical datasets, while taking into consideration the in-situ uncertainties and relevant measurement errors (conceptual, technical, computational). It considers the synthesis of scientific theory-based methods (stochastic modeling, modern geostatistics) and data-driven techniques (machine learning, artificial neural networks) so that their individual strengths are combined by acting symbiotically and complementing each other. The notions and methods presented in Quantitative Analysis and Modeling of Earth and Environmental Data: Space-Time and Spacetime Data Considerations cover a wide range of data in various forms and sources, including hard measurements, soft observations, secondary information and auxiliary variables (ground-level measurements, satellite observations, scientific instruments and records, protocols and surveys, empirical models and charts). Including real-world practical applications as well as practice exercises, this book is a comprehensive step-by-step tutorial of theory-based and data-driven techniques that will help students and researchers master data analysis and modeling in earth and environmental sciences (including environmental health and human exposure applications). Explores the analysis and processing of chronotopologic (i.e., space-time and spacetime) data that varies spatially and/or temporally, which is the case with the majority of data in scientific and engineering disciplines Studies the synthesis of scientific theory and empirical evidence (in its various forms) that offers a mathematically rigorous and physically meaningful assessment of real-world phenomena Covers a wide range of data describing a variety of attributes characterizing physical phenomena and systems including earth, ocean and atmospheric variables, environmental and ecological parameters, population health states, disease indicators, and social and economic characteristics Includes case studies and practice exercises at the end of each chapter for both real-world applications and deeper understanding of the concepts presented

Environmental Data Analysis with MatLab

Environmental Data Analysis with MatLab Book
Author : William Menke,Joshua Ephraim Menke
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0123918863
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental Data Analysis with MatLab is for students and researchers working to analyze real data sets in the environmental sciences. One only has to consider the global warming debate to realize how critically important it is to be able to derive clear conclusions from often-noisy data drawn from a broad range of sources. This book teaches the basics of the underlying theory of data analysis, and then reinforces that knowledge with carefully chosen, realistic scenarios. MatLab, a commercial data processing environment, is used in these scenarios; significant content is devoted to teaching how it can be effectively used in an environmental data analysis setting. The book, though written in a self-contained way, is supplemented with data sets and MatLab scripts that can be used as a data analysis tutorial. Author's website: http://www.ldeo.columbia.edu/users/menke/edawm/index.htm Well written and outlines a clear learning path for researchers and students Uses real world environmental examples and case studies MatLab software for application in a readily-available software environment Homework problems help user follow up upon case studies with homework that expands them

Quantitative Modeling of Earth Surface Processes

Quantitative Modeling of Earth Surface Processes Book
Author : Jon D. Pelletier
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2008-08-07
ISBN : 9780521855976
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook describes some of the most effective and straightforward quantitative techniques for modeling Earth surface processes. By emphasizing a core set of equations and solution techniques, the book presents state-of-the-art models currently employed in Earth surface process research, as well as a set of simple but practical research tools. Detailed case studies demonstrate application of the methods to a wide variety of processes including hillslope, fluvial, aeolian, glacial, tectonic, and climatic systems. Exercises at the end of each chapter begin with simple calculations and then progress to more sophisticated problems that require computer programming. All the necessary computer codes are available online at www.cambridge.org/9780521855976. Assuming some knowledge of calculus and basic programming experience, this quantitative textbook is designed for advanced geomorphology courses and as a reference book for professional researchers in Earth and planetary science looking for a quantitative approach to Earth surface processes.

Quantitative Methods in Environmental and Climate Research

Quantitative Methods in Environmental and Climate Research Book
Author : Michela Cameletti,Francesco Finazzi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-12-30
ISBN : 303001584X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This books presents some of the most recent and advanced statistical methods used to analyse environmental and climate data, and addresses the spatial and spatio-temporal dimensions of the phenomena studied, the multivariate complexity of the data, and the necessity of considering uncertainty sources and propagation. The topics covered include: detecting disease clusters, analysing harvest data, change point detection in ground-level ozone concentration, modelling atmospheric aerosol profiles, predicting wind speed, precipitation prediction and analysing spatial cylindrical data. The volume presents revised versions of selected contributions submitted at the joint TIES-GRASPA 2017 Conference on Climate and Environment, which was held at the University of Bergamo, Italy. As it is chiefly intended for researchers working at the forefront of statistical research in environmental applications, readers should be familiar with the basic methods for analysing spatial and spatio-temporal data.

Statistics for Earth and Environmental Scientists

Statistics for Earth and Environmental Scientists Book
Author : John H. Schuenemeyer,Lawrence J. Drew
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-04-12
ISBN : 1118102215
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive treatment of statistical applications for solvingreal-world environmental problems A host of complex problems face today's earth science community,such as evaluating the supply of remaining non-renewable energyresources, assessing the impact of people on the environment,understanding climate change, and managing the use of water. Propercollection and analysis of data using statistical techniquescontributes significantly toward the solution of these problems.Statistics for Earth and Environmental Scientists presentsimportant statistical concepts through data analytic tools andshows readers how to apply them to real-world problems. The authors present several different statistical approaches tothe environmental sciences, including Bayesian and nonparametricmethodologies. The book begins with an introduction to types ofdata, evaluation of data, modeling and estimation, randomvariation, and sampling—all of which are explored throughcase studies that use real data from earth science applications.Subsequent chapters focus on principles of modeling and the keymethods and techniques for analyzing scientific data,including: Interval estimation and Methods for analyzinghypothesis testingof means time series data Spatial statistics Multivariate analysis Discrete distributions Experimental design Most statistical models are introduced by concept andapplication, given as equations, and then accompanied by heuristicjustification rather than a formal proof. Data analysis, modelbuilding, and statistical inference are stressed throughout, andreaders are encouraged to collect their own data to incorporateinto the exercises at the end of each chapter. Most data sets,graphs, and analyses are computed using R, but can be worked withusing any statistical computing software. A related websitefeatures additional data sets, answers to selected exercises, and Rcode for the book's examples. Statistics for Earth and Environmental Scientists is anexcellent book for courses on quantitative methods in geology,geography, natural resources, and environmental sciences at theupper-undergraduate and graduate levels. It is also a valuablereference for earth scientists, geologists, hydrologists, andenvironmental statisticians who collect and analyze data in theireveryday work.

Spatial Modeling in GIS and R for Earth and Environmental Sciences

Spatial Modeling in GIS and R for Earth and Environmental Sciences Book
Author : Hamid Reza Pourghasemi,Candan Gokceoglu
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-01-18
ISBN : 0128156953
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Spatial Modeling in GIS and R for Earth and Environmental Sciences offers an integrated approach to spatial modelling using both GIS and R. Given the importance of Geographical Information Systems and geostatistics across a variety of applications in Earth and Environmental Science, a clear link between GIS and open source software is essential for the study of spatial objects or phenomena that occur in the real world and facilitate problem-solving. Organized into clear sections on applications and using case studies, the book helps researchers to more quickly understand GIS data and formulate more complex conclusions. The book is the first reference to provide methods and applications for combining the use of R and GIS in modeling spatial processes. It is an essential tool for students and researchers in earth and environmental science, especially those looking to better utilize GIS and spatial modeling. Offers a clear, interdisciplinary guide to serve researchers in a variety of fields, including hazards, land surveying, remote sensing, cartography, geophysics, geology, natural resources, environment and geography Provides an overview, methods and case studies for each application Expresses concepts and methods at an appropriate level for both students and new users to learn by example

Computers in Earth and Environmental Sciences

Computers in Earth and Environmental Sciences Book
Author : Hamid Reza Pourghasemi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-09-22
ISBN : 0323886159
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Computers in Earth and Environmental Sciences: Artificial Intelligence and Advanced Technologies in Hazards and Risk Management addresses the need for a comprehensive book that focuses on multi-hazard assessments, natural and manmade hazards, and risk management using new methods and technologies that employ GIS, artificial intelligence, spatial modeling, machine learning tools and meta-heuristic techniques. The book is clearly organized into four parts that cover natural hazards, environmental hazards, advanced tools and technologies in risk management, and future challenges in computer applications to hazards and risk management. Researchers and professionals in Earth and Environmental Science who require the latest technologies and advances in hazards, remote sensing, geosciences, spatial modeling and machine learning will find this book to be an invaluable source of information on the latest tools and technologies available. Covers advanced tools and technologies in risk management of hazards in both the Earth and Environmental Sciences Details the benefits and applications of various technologies to assist researchers in choosing the most appropriate techniques for purpose Expansively covers specific future challenges in the use of computers in Earth and Environmental Science Includes case studies that detail the applications of the discussed technologies down to individual hazards

Hydroinformatics

Hydroinformatics Book
Author : Praveen Kumar,Mike Folk,Momcilo Markus,Jay C. Alameda
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2005-11-02
ISBN : 1000611582
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modern hydrology is more interdisciplinary than ever. Staggering amounts and varieties of information pour in from GIS and remote sensing systems every day, and this information must be collected, interpreted, and shared efficiently. Hydroinformatics: Data Integrative Approaches in Computation, Analysis, and Modeling introduces the tools, approache

Quantitative Geography

Quantitative Geography Book
Author : Richard Harris
Publisher : SAGE
Release : 2016-09-13
ISBN : 1473933390
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Numerical data are everywhere. Charts and statistics appear not just in geography journals but also in the media, in public policy, and in business and commerce too. To engage with quantitative geography, we must engage with the quantitative methods used to collect, analyse, present and interpret these data. Quantitative Geography: The Basics is the perfect introduction for undergraduates beginning any quantitative methods course. Written in short, user-friendly chapters with full-colour diagrams, the book guides the reader through a wide range of topics from the basic to the more advanced, including: Statistics Maths Graphics Models Mapping and GIS R Closely aligned with the Q-Step quantitative social science programme, Quantitative Geography: The Basics is the ideal starting point for understanding and exploring this fundamental area of Geography.

EDS Environmental Data Service

EDS  Environmental Data Service Book
Author : United States. Environmental Data Service
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1977
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download EDS Environmental Data Service book written by United States. Environmental Data Service, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Advances in Environmental Science and Engineering

Advances in Environmental Science and Engineering Book
Author : Reza Iranpour,Ji Zhao,Ai Jie Wang,Feng Lin Yang,Xin Yong Li
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2012-05-14
ISBN : 3038138312
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The present volumes contain selected papers in the fields of Environmental Chemistry and Biology; Environmental Materials; Environmental Safety and Health; Environmental Planning and Assessment; Environmental Analysis and Monitoring; Environmental Engineering; Pollution Control Projects (Air, Water, Solid); Waste Disposal and Recycling; Water Supply and Drainage Engineering; Sound, Noise and Vibration Control; Clean Production Processes; Hydrology and Water Resources Engineering; Architectural Environment & Equipment Engineering; Soil and Water Conservation and Desertification Control; Environmental Protection; Cultivation and Conservation of Forest; Plant Protection and Biotechnology; Geographic Information and Remote Sensing Science; Land Resources Environment and Urban Planning. This up-to-date, comprehensive and worldwide state-of-the art knowledge will be of great value to anyone working in these fields.

Earth Resources

Earth Resources Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1977
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Earth Resources book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The International Encyclopedia of Geography

The International Encyclopedia of Geography Book
Author : Douglas Richardson,Noel Castree,Michael F. Goodchild,Audrey Kobayashi,Weidong Liu,Richard A. Marston
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0470659637
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The International Encyclopedia of Geography book written by Douglas Richardson,Noel Castree,Michael F. Goodchild,Audrey Kobayashi,Weidong Liu,Richard A. Marston, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Ecological Numeracy

Ecological Numeracy Book
Author : Robert A. Herendeen
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 1998-04-20
ISBN : 9780471183099
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Master the fundamental math skills necessary to quantify andevaluate a broad range of environmental questions. Environmental issues are often quantitative--how much land, howmany people, what amount of pollution. Computer programs areuseful, but there is no substitute for being able to use a simplecalculation to slice through to the crux of the problem. Having agrasp of how the factors interact and whether the results makesense allows one to explain and argue a point of view forcefully todiverse audiences. With an engaging, down-to-earth style and practical problem-solvingapproach, Ecological Numeracy makes it easy to understand andmaster basic mathematical concepts and techniques that areapplicable to life-cycle assessment, energy consumption, land use,pollution generation, and a broad range of other environmentalissues. Robert Herendeen brings the numbers to life with dozens offascinating, often entertaining examples and problems. Requiring only a moderate quantitative background, EcologicalNumeracy is a superb introduction for advanced undergraduatestudents in environmental science, planning, geography, andphysical and natural sciences. It is also a valuable professionalresource for environmental managers, regulators, andadministrators.

Data Science Applied to Sustainability Analysis

Data Science Applied to Sustainability Analysis Book
Author : Jennifer Dunn,Prasanna Balaprakash
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-05-11
ISBN : 0128179775
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Data Science Applied to Sustainability Analysis focuses on the methodological considerations associated with applying this tool in analysis techniques such as lifecycle assessment and materials flow analysis. As sustainability analysts need examples of applications of big data techniques that are defensible and practical in sustainability analyses and that yield actionable results that can inform policy development, corporate supply chain management strategy, or non-governmental organization positions, this book helps answer underlying questions. In addition, it addresses the need of data science experts looking for routes to apply their skills and knowledge to domain areas. Presents data sources that are available for application in sustainability analyses, such as market information, environmental monitoring data, social media data and satellite imagery Includes considerations sustainability analysts must evaluate when applying big data Features case studies illustrating the application of data science in sustainability analyses

Quantitative Thermochronology

Quantitative Thermochronology Book
Author : Jean Braun,Peter van der Beek,Geoffrey Batt
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2006-05-04
ISBN : 113945028X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thermochronology, the study of the thermal history of rocks, enables us to quantify the nature and timing of tectonic processes. First published in 2006, Quantitative Thermochronology is a robust review of isotopic ages, and presents a range of numerical modeling techniques to allow the physical implications of isotopic age data to be explored. The authors provide analytical, semi-analytical and numerical solutions to the heat transfer equation in a range of tectonic settings and under varying boundary conditions. They then illustrate their modeling approach built around a large number of case studies. The benefits of different thermochronological techniques are also described. Computer programs on an accompanying website at www.cambridge.org/9781107407152 are introduced through the text and provide a means of solving the heat transport equation in the deforming Earth to predict the ages of rocks and compare them directly to geological and geochronological data. Several short tutorials, with hints and solutions, are also included.

Spatial Modeling Principles in Earth Sciences

Spatial Modeling Principles in Earth Sciences Book
Author : Zekai Sen
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2009-07-16
ISBN : 9781402096716
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Spatial Modeling Principles in Earth Sciences presents fundamentals of spatial data analysis used in hydrology, geology, meteorology, atmospheric science and related fields. It examines methods for the quantitative determination of the spatial distribution patterns. This book brings together the material from the current literature in earth sciences and practical examples. It provides a sound background of philosophical, logical, rational and physical principles of spatial data and analysis, and explains how it can be modeled and applied in earth sciences projects and designs. It collects information not previously available in one source, and provides methodology for the treatment of spatial data to find the most rational and practical solution. The book is a valuable resource for students, researchers and practitioners of a broad range of disciplines including geology, geography, hydrology, meteorology, environment, image processing, spatial modeling and related topics.

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1991
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Lists citations with abstracts for aerospace related reports obtained from world wide sources and announces documents that have recently been entered into the NASA Scientific and Technical Information Database.