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PVC Additives

PVC Additives Book
Author : Michael Schiller
Publisher : Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
Release : 2015-04-02
ISBN : 1569905444
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

PVC differs in its stabilization compared to other commodity plastics. Various metal compounds are suitable for the stabilization of PVC: lead, tin, calcium, magnesium, zinc, rare earths, and also almost-metal-free systems. These differences are described in the introductory part of this book, with their advantages, possibilities, and problems, from the perspective of the chemist but made understandable for salespeople and technicians. Numerous tables and figures are included, providing structures and physico-chemical data. A special section for beginners is dedicated to guiding formulations and test methods. A relatively short section deals with development trends in Europe. Sustainability is a major theme, and it is demonstrated that PVC has a strong potential to develop into a fully sustainable material. Another section deals with the everyday problems in the processing of PVC, such as the formation of specks, photo-effects, and plate-out. Plate-out is a common problem in the processing of PVC but only relatively few publications cover it. The causes, influencing factors, and mechanisms are still poorly understood. This section, unique in the literature, provides assistance in the selection and dosage of raw materials to PVC processor, based on the influencing factors during processing.

Environmental Technology and Engineering Techniques

Environmental Technology and Engineering Techniques Book
Author : Moayad N. Khalaf,Michael Olegovich Smirnov,Porteen Kannan,A. K. Haghi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-10-28
ISBN : 100051773X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The crucial interdependence between humans and their environment is explored and illuminated in this revealing overview of the major environmental issues facing society in the twenty-first century. This volume presents a novel picture of some of the current advances in the research of theoretical and practical frameworks of environmental problems and solutions taken from the latest empirical findings. This new volume focuses on the aspects of new techniques that are particularly valuable for solving environmental problems. The complex environmental issues are presented in simple terms to helpreaders grasp the basics and solve relevant problems. Timely and comprehensive discussions of applications to real-world environmental concerns are a central focus of this research-oriented volume.

Plastics Additives

Plastics Additives Book
Author : Ernest W. Flick
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2002
ISBN : 0815514700
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book and its companion volumes contain plastics additives formulations based on information received from numerous industrial companies and other organizations. Each formulation is identified by a description of its end use.

Plastics Additives

Plastics Additives Book
Author : Geoffrey Pritchard
Publisher : iSmithers Rapra Publishing
Release : 2005
ISBN : 9781859574997
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The additive families are considered with an outline of the technical issues and the trends driving the markets. The main marketplaces for each additive type are discussed and the trends outlined. It contains an overview of the significant trends in the four largest plastics market sectors: packaging, construction, automotive and electrical and electronics. The report focuses on the important issues within Europe, with comment on the relevant trends in North America and Asia. The report provides discussion of the trends in material consumption and specific additive groups. It also includes brief company news and information for some of the leading additive suppliers.

Handbook of Toxic Properties of Monomers and Additives

Handbook of Toxic Properties of Monomers and Additives Book
Author : Victor O. Sheftel
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1995-04-18
ISBN : 9781566700757
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Covering nearly 800 potential food and water contaminants, this comprehensive handbook is a complete encyclopedia of the toxic effects of plastic ingredients. It is international in scope, covering all available toxicological data that fits existing requirements, including Russian toxicology data previously unknown to the West. The handbook will be helpful when evaluating toxic properties of plastic materials currently in use. It also provides a perspective on materials containing previously investigated ingredients. The handbook extends beyond the realm of toxicology by including information on a number of the widespread food and water contaminants, heavy metals, and solvents. It will also be helpful when evaluating toxic properties not only of existing materials but also of future materials that contain previously investigated ingredients.

Polymer Modifiers and Additives

Polymer Modifiers and Additives Book
Author : Richard F. Grossman,John T. Lutz Jr.
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2000-11-08
ISBN : 1482273756
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Outlines the benefits of using additives-individually or in combination-to modify the properties and processability of pure polymers, and discusses easy-to-understand theory and practical applications for immediate economic and performance improvements."

Plastics Additives and Testing

Plastics Additives and Testing Book
Author : Muralisrinivasan Natamai Subramanian
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-04-08
ISBN : 1118118901
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"A practical book for engineers and operators and discusses both inorganic and organic chemicals that are widely used as additives in plastics processing operations"--

The Complete Technology Book on Industrial Polymers Additives Colourants and Fillers

The Complete Technology Book on Industrial Polymers  Additives  Colourants and Fillers Book
Author : NIIR Board of Consultants & Engineers
Publisher : ASIA PACIFIC BUSINESS PRESS Inc.
Release : 2006-01-01
ISBN : 8178330091
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Indian plastic and polymer industry has taken great strides. In the last few decades, the industry has grown to the status of a leading sector in the country with a sizable base. The material is gaining notable importance in different spheres of activity and the per capita consumption is increasing at a fast pace. Numerous plastics and fibers are produced from synthetic polymers; containers from propylene, coating materials from PVC, packaging film from polyethylene, experimental apparatus from Teflon, stockings from nylon fiber, there are too many to mention them all. The reason why plastics are popular is that they may offer such advantages as transparency, self lubrication, light weight, flexibility, economy in fabricating and decorating. Properties of plastics can be modified through the use of fillers, reinforcing agents and chemical additives. Silicones are by far the most important industrial polymers and are based on silicon, an element abundantly available on our planet. Polymers are classified in three broad groups; addition polymers, condensation polymers and special polymers. It is well known that the major consumption of additives is in PVC compounds. Approximately 80% of additives are being used in PVC; however the left over 20% is consumed in compounding of other thermoplastics. Plastic master batches and fillers have their own importance in plastic processing industries. Colorants are the materials that give colour and opacity to plastics are chemically characterized as either pigments or dyes. Pigments are finely pulverized natural or synthetic particles which may be of inorganic or organic origin and insoluble in the matrix in which they are dispersed. Permanent red 2B is a mono azo pigment that is widely used in thermoplastics because it is inexpensive and has high tinting strength and good bleed resistance. Fillers are commonly employed in opaque PVC compounds to reduce cost and to improve electrical insulation properties, to improve deformation resistance of cables, to increase the hardness of a flooring compound and to reduce tackiness of highly plasticized compounds. Various calcium carbonate are used for general purpose work, china clay is commonly employed for electrical insulation, and asbestos for flooring applications. Also employed occasionally are the silicas and silicates, talc, light magnesium carbonate and barites (barium sulfate). Polymer Energy system is an award winning, innovative, proprietary process to convert waste plastics into renewable energy. Polymers are the most rapidly growing sector of the materials industry. No wonder polymers are found in everything from compact discs to high tech aerospace applications. On the basis of value added, Indian share of plastic products industry is about 0.5% of national GDP. Some of the astonishing fundamentals of the book are industrial polymers, addition polymers polyolefins, polyethylene, chlorinated polyethylene, cross linked polyethylene, linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE), high molecular weight polyethylene, high density polyethylene, ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene, polypropylene, poly(vinyl chloride), stabilizers, plasticizers, extenders, mineral filled or glass bead/milled glass grades, antistatic/electro conductive grades, electroplatable grades, etc. The present book enlightens the processing of industrial polymers, additives, colourant and fillers. This book is an invaluable resource to new entrepreneurs, technocrats, researchers, professionals etc.

Polymer Additives

Polymer Additives Book
Author : Jiri E. Kresta
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461327970
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ever since the beginning of the plastics and rubber industry, it was realized that useful products could be produced only if cer tain additives were incorporated into polymers. With the help of these additives, when physically dispersed in a polymer matrix, it has been possible to improve stability against thermal, oxidative, UV, hydrolytic and biological degradation, mechanical properties, flammability, cost, and processibility of plastics. The enormous growth of the volume of plastics consumed by modern society, and new application areas for plastics, have created a demand for new, better additives and better understanding of their functions in polymer systems. As a result of these trends there is a need for sharing of information on progress achieved in the area of polymer additives among engineers and scientists of the plastics industry and academia. This book is based on expanded and updated papers originally presented at the International Symposium on Polymer Additives, which was held in Las Vegas, Nevada, and was sponsored by the American Chemical Society, Division of Polymeric Materials Science and Engi neering. The book is divided into five parts which cover advances in various areas of polymer additives. The first part is devoted to the progress in understanding of UV degradation and stabilization of various polymers. Oxidation degradation and stabilization of plastic materials is covered in the second part. New developments in the stabilization of PVC are presented in the third part.

Additives for Plastics Handbook

Additives for Plastics Handbook Book
Author : J. Murphy
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2001-11-22
ISBN : 0080498612
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Both technically and economically, additives form a large and increasingly significant part of the polymer industry, both plastics and elastomers. Since the first edition of this book was published, there have been wide-ranging developments, covering chemistry and formulation of new and more efficient additive systems and the safer use of additives, both by processors in the factory and, in the wider field, as they affect the general public. This new edition follows the successful formula of its predecessor, it provides a comprehensive view of all types of additives, concentrating mainly on their technical aspects (chemistry/formulation, structure, function, main applications) with notes on the commercial background of each. The field has been expanded to include any substance that is added to a polymer to improve its use, so including reinforcing materials (such as glass fibre), carbon black and titanium dioxide. This is a book which has been planned for ease of use and the information is presented in a way which is appropriate to the users' needs.

Handbook of Preservatives

Handbook of Preservatives Book
Author : Michael Ash,Irene Ash
Publisher : Synapse Info Resources
Release : 2004
ISBN : 1890595667
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This handbook contains comprehensive information on more than 5000 trade names and generic chemicals and materials that are used in a broad range of formulations to prevent the contamination and decomposition of end products. Product degradation can be caused by exposure to oxygen, ozone, bacteria, molds, yeast, mildew, and fungi. The industries that depend on the proper selection of preserving chemicals and materials are diverse and include: plastics, elastomers, construction, paper/pulp, agriculture, textiles, paints and coatings, pharmaceutical, cosmetics, food, beverages.This handbook contains comprehensive information on a variety of preservatives available from major chemical manufacturers and can expedite the material selection process for chemists, formulators and purchasing agents by providing the answers to these questions:? Is the agent capable of inhibiting the detrimental effects of oxygen, ozone, or microbes to the extent necessary?? Is the agent's overall physical and chemical attributes compatible with the product or system being protected?? Can the agent remain stable under storage conditions and for the application requirements?? Is its safety in production and handling acceptable?? Does its level of toxicity meet environmental regulations?? Does it meet cost requirements?

Plastic Packaging

Plastic Packaging Book
Author : Otto G. Piringer,A. L. Baner
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2008-06-25
ISBN : 3527621431
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plastics are the most important class of packaging materials. This successful handbook, now in its second edition, covers all important aspects of plastic packaging and the interdisciplinary knowledge needed by food chemists, pharmaceutical chemists, food technologists, materials scientists, process engineers, and product developers alike. This is an indispensable resource in the search for the optimal plastic packaging. Materials characteristics, additives and their effects, mass transport phenomena, quality assurance, and recent regulatory requirements from FDA and European Commission are covered in detail with ample data.

Plastics Additives Handbook

Plastics Additives Handbook Book
Author : R. Gächter,Helmut Müller
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1985
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Plastics Additives Handbook book written by R. Gächter,Helmut Müller, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Global Risk Based Management of Chemical Additives I

Global Risk Based Management of Chemical Additives I Book
Author : Bernd Bilitewski,Rosa Mari Darbra,Damia Barcelo
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-01-06
ISBN : 3642248756
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chemical additives are used to enhance the properties of many industrial products. Since their release into the environment is a potential risk for man and nature, their fate and behavior were investigated in the framework of the European Union-funded project RISKCYCLE. The results are presented in two volumes, Global Risk-Based Management of Chemical Additives I: Production, Usage and Environmental Occurrence and Global Risk-Based Management of Chemical Additives II: Risk-Based Assessment and Management Strategies. This book is the first of the two volumes and contains two main parts. The chapters of the first part provide a thorough review of the chemical additives used in the textile, plastics, lubricants, paper, leather and electronics industries, and describe the effect of each additive on the properties of the product. In the second part international case studies on the global trade of these chemicals and their impact on human health and the environment are presented. This volume is an invaluable source of information for scientists and governmental agencies dealing with the risk assessment of chemicals on a global scale.

Environmental Health Perspectives

Environmental Health Perspectives Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1993
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Environmental Health Perspectives book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Additives and Materials

Additives and Materials Book
Author : P.W. Dufton
Publisher : iSmithers Rapra Publishing
Release : 1995
ISBN : 9781859570340
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report examines the changes in the nature and technologies of fire retardant systems used in the complete range of plastics and rubber materials.

Applied Polymer Science 21st Century

Applied Polymer Science  21st Century Book
Author : C. Craver,C. Carraher
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2000-12-19
ISBN : 9780080527352
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The 75th Anniversary Celebration of the Division of Polymeric Materials: Science and Engineering of the American Chemical Society, in 1999 sparked this third edition of Applied Polymer Science with emphasis on the developments of the last few years and a serious look at the challenges and expectations of the 21st Century. This book is divided into six sections, each with an Associate Editor responsible for the contents with the group of Associate Editors acting as a board to interweave and interconnect various topics and to insure complete coverage. These areas represent both traditional areas and emerging areas, but always with coverage that is timely. The areas and associated chapters represent vistas where PMSE and its members have made and are continuing to make vital contributions. The authors are leaders in their fields and have graciously donated their efforts to encourage the scientists of the next 75 years to further contribute to the well being of the society in which we all live. Synthesis, characterization, and application are three of the legs that hold up a steady table. The fourth is creativity. Each of the three strong legs are present in this book with creativity present as the authors were asked to look forward in predicting areas in need of work and potential applications. The book begins with an introductory history chapter introducing readers to PMSE. The second chapter introduces the very basic science, terms and concepts critical to polymer science and technology. Sections two, three and four focus on application areas emphasizing emerging trends and applications. Section five emphasizes the essential areas of characterization. Section six contains chapters focusing of the synthesis of the materials.

Chemical Analysis of Additives in Plastics

Chemical Analysis of Additives in Plastics Book
Author : T. R. Crompton
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-07-29
ISBN : 1483278794
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

International Series in Analytical Chemistry, Volume 46: Chemical Analysis of Additives in Plastics, Second Edition brings together numerous investigations on the characterization, identification, and determination of various types of additives in plastics. This book is divided into five chapters. Chapters 1 and 2 describe first the methods for examining additives present in polymers based on either direct spectroscopy of a cast polymer film or on solvent extraction of total additives from the polymer followed by quantitative chemical or physical analysis for various components in the extract. Chapter 3 discusses the application of thin-layer and column chromatography to the separation and determination of known additives. Chapters 4 and 5 examine the application of combined chromatographic and spectroscopic techniques for the separation and determination of unknown plastics additives. This book will prove useful to plastics manufacturers, researchers, institutions, and universities.

Global Risk Based Management of Chemical Additives II

Global Risk Based Management of Chemical Additives II Book
Author : Bernd Bilitewski,Rosa Mari Darbra,Damià Barceló
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2012-11-27
ISBN : 3642345727
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chemical additives are used to enhance the properties of many industrial products. Since their release into the environment is a potential risk for man and nature, their fate and behavior have been investigated in the framework of the European Union-funded project RISKCYCLE. The results are presented in two volumes, Global Risk-Based Management of Chemical Additives I: Production, Usage and Environmental Occurrence and Global Risk-Based Management of Chemical Additives II: Risk-Based Assessment and Management Strategies. This book is the second of the two volumes and features two main parts. In the first part, experts in the field discuss different models related to the assessment of the potential risks posed by chemical additives and analyze their benefits and drawbacks. In the second part, specific case studies in which the models have been applied are presented and the reliability of the models is evaluated. This volume is an invaluable source of information for scientists and governmental agencies dealing with the risk assessment of chemicals on a global scale.

Facing America s Trash

Facing America s Trash Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1989
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Facing America s Trash book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.