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Purification And Characterization Of Secondary Metabolites

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Purification and Characterization of Secondary Metabolites

Purification and Characterization of Secondary Metabolites Book
Author : Thomas E. Crowley
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-08-10
ISBN : 0128139439
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Purification and Characterization of Secondary Metabolites: A Laboratory Manual for Analytical and Structural Biochemistry provides students with working knowledge of the fundamental and advanced techniques of experimental biochemistry. Sections provide an overview of the microbiological and biochemical methods typically used for the purification of metabolites and discuss the biological significance of secondary metabolites secreted by three diverse species of bacteria. Additionally, this lab manual covers the theory and practice of the most commonly-used techniques of analytical biochemistry, UV-vis and IR spectrophotometry, high-performance liquid chromatography, mass spectrometry, X-ray crystallography and nuclear magnetic resonance, and how to evaluate and effectively use scientific data. Instructors will find this book useful because of the modular nature of the lab exercises included. Written in a logical, easy-to-understand manner, this book is an indispensable resource for both students and instructors. Offers project lab formats for students that closely simulate original research projects Provides instructional guidance for students to design their own experiments Presents advanced analytical techniques Includes access to a website with additional resources for instructors

Plant Secondary Metabolites

Plant Secondary Metabolites Book
Author : Anita S. Patil
Publisher : Studera Press
Release : 2020-02-20
ISBN : 9385883194
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

India is known for its Ayurvedic system of medicine significantly based on therapeutic plants. Medicinal plants are used since time immemorial due to its safety, efficacy, cultural acceptability and lesser side effects as compared to synthetic drugs. In this present book, a scientific approach has been extensively applied for isolation, purification and screening of biological potential based on bioassay-guided fractionation methods. More specifically, the traditional values of therapeutic plants are correlated with scientific approach for the validation of “drug- like properties”. This book is quite helpful for finding the hidden values of therapeutic approach of ethno-medicinal plants. This book is inclusively a soul combination of pharmacognosy, biotechnology, bioinformatics and nanotechnology which are the most thrusting subjects of today’s world. This book is a must-read for science students, research scholars and scientific community who are interested in plant science.

Plant Secondary Metabolism Engineering

Plant Secondary Metabolism Engineering Book
Author : Arthur Germano Fett-Neto
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2022
ISBN : 9781071621851
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This second edition provides detailed practical information on important methods employed in the engineering of plant secondary metabolism pathways. New and updated chapters guide readers through extraction, quantification, purification, localization, characterization, data mining and processing, biosynthesis modulation, and pathway engineering of representative classes of plant specialized metabolites. Written in the format of the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, each chapter includes an introduction to the topic, list of necessary materials and reagents, tips on troubleshooting and known pitfalls, and step-by-step descriptions of readily reproducible protocols. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Plant Secondary Metabolism Engineering: Methods and Protocols, Second Edition aims to be a useful practical guide to help researchers working in this exciting field.

Secondary Metabolite Biosynthesis and Metabolism

Secondary Metabolite Biosynthesis and Metabolism Book
Author : American Chemical Society
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1992
ISBN : 9780306443091
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Proceedings of an American Chemical Society symposium on Biosynthesis and Metabolism of Secondary Metabolite Natural Products, held April 1991, in Atlanta, Georgia. Bridging the gap between the fields of mechanistic bio-organic chemistry and biotechnology, contributions are in four main areas: antib

Phytochemical And Biological Studies Of Exudates From Scilla Nervosa

Phytochemical And Biological Studies Of Exudates From Scilla Nervosa Book
Author : Samson Oluwaseyi Famuyiwa
Publisher : LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
Release : 2013
ISBN : 9783659473142
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nature is an inexhaustible source of organic molecules many of which possess important biological activities. Plants are considered to be a repository of a large number of these molecules. The study of plants for their secondary metabolites will continue to be an important and relevant area of research activity globally for the discovery of novel compounds that may have therapeutic and biological properties that are beneficial to man existence. The book describes the isolation, purification, characterization and biological activities of secondary metabolites from a medicinal plant.

Biochemistry of Plant Secondary Metabolism

Biochemistry of Plant Secondary Metabolism Book
Author : Michael Wink
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1999-09-21
ISBN : 9780849340857
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The secondary metabolites of plants were once considered to be waste products - today, their true value is understood. New methods of separation and structural elucidation, and advances in the investigation of biochemical activities, have increased our understanding of secondary metabolites. Their function as a defense mechanisms offers a great potential for technological gain. Secondary metabolites can be utilized in agriculture to breed stronger crops and in the manufacture of biorational pesticides. They can also be exploited by medicine as theraputic agents. And these are just two of the likely uses. This landmark volume presents articles by an impressive team of experts from leading laboratories. Each chapter considers a current understanding of secondary metabolites in nature and the potential exploitation of those qualities by the biotechnology industry.

Secondary Metabolites

Secondary Metabolites Book
Author : Ramasamy Vijayakumar,Suresh S.S. Raja
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2018-09-05
ISBN : 1789236428
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book consists of an introductory overview of secondary metabolites, which are classified into four main sections: microbial secondary metabolites, plant secondary metabolites, secondary metabolites through tissue culture technique, and regulation of secondary metabolite production. This book provides a comprehensive account on the secondary metabolites of microorganisms, plants, and the production of secondary metabolites through biotechnological approach like the plant tissue culture method. The regulatory mechanisms of secondary metabolite production in plants and the pharmaceutical and other applications of various secondary metabolites are also highlighted. This book is considered as necessary reading for microbiologists, biotechnologists, biochemists, pharmacologists, and botanists who are doing research in secondary metabolites. It should also be useful to MSc students, MPhil and PhD scholars, scientists, and faculty members of various science disciplines.

Marine Phenolics

Marine Phenolics Book
Author : Herminia Domínguez,José Ricardo Pérez-Correa
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021
ISBN : 9783036502656
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Phenolic compounds are an extremely diverse class of ubiquitous secondary metabolites produced by a variety of organisms playing different biological roles. They have numerous types of demonstrated bioactivities, including antioxidant, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antitumoral, immunomodulator, neuroprotective, cardioprotective, and antidiabetic activities. Marine organisms produce a vast collection of unique phenolic structures, some of them not found in terrestrial habitats. Progress in different aspects is rapidly advancing, and this Special Issue will provide updated information and recent studies on marine phenolics. Specially, this issue is focused on their chemical characterization, elucidation of their structures, evaluation of their biological properties and mechanisms of action, efficient extraction and purification technologies, development of value-added applications, as well as formulation of novel products.

Discovery of Novel Natural Products with Therapeutic Potential

Discovery of Novel Natural Products with Therapeutic Potential Book
Author : Vincent P. Gullo
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 1483292134
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Although science has discovered effective drugs for many of the diseases that afflict mankind, many human health problems remain untreatable. The search for novel therapeutic agents is always ongoing. This book will describe some of the diverse sources of natural products, such as terrestrial and marine environments; and will review how research has increased knowledge of biological systems and human disease, leading to the design of targeted asssays, amenable to high volume screening.

Marine Phenolics

Marine Phenolics Book
Author : Herminia Domínguez,José Ricardo Pérez-Correa
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2021-08-16
ISBN : 3036502645
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Phenolic compounds are an extremely diverse class of ubiquitous secondary metabolites produced by a variety of organisms playing different biological roles. They have numerous types of demonstrated bioactivities, including antioxidant, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antitumoral, immunomodulator, neuroprotective, cardioprotective, and antidiabetic activities. Marine organisms produce a vast collection of unique phenolic structures, some of them not found in terrestrial habitats. Progress in different aspects is rapidly advancing, and this Special Issue will provide updated information and recent studies on marine phenolics. Specially, this issue is focused on their chemical characterization, elucidation of their structures, evaluation of their biological properties and mechanisms of action, efficient extraction and purification technologies, development of value-added applications, as well as formulation of novel products.

Microbial Secondary Metabolites Recent Developments and Technological Challenges

Microbial Secondary Metabolites  Recent Developments and Technological Challenges Book
Author : Bhim Pratap Singh,Mostafa E. Rateb,Susana Rodriguez-Couto,Maria de Lourdes Teixeira de Moraes Polizeli,Wen-Jun Li
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2019-08-02
ISBN : 2889459012
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Research on microbes plays an essential role in the improvement of biotechnological and biomedical areas. It has turned into a subject of expanding significance as new organisms and their related biomolecules are being characterized for several applications in health and agriculture. Microbial biomolecules confer the ability of microbes to cope with a range of adverse conditions. However, these biomolecules have several advantages over the plant origin, which makes them a suitable target in drug discovery and development. The reasons could be that microbial sources can be genetically engineered to enhance the production of desired natural production by large-scale fermentation. The interaction between microbes and their biotic and abiotic environment is fundamental to numerous processes taking place in the biosphere. The natural environments and hosts of these microorganisms are extremely diverse being reflected by the fact that microbes are widespread and occur in nearly every biological community on Earth. This metabolic versatility makes microbes interesting objects for a range of economically important biotechnological applications. Most of the biotechniques are established but inefficient genetic engineering strategies are still a bottleneck for selected microbe producing industrial scale biomolecules. Therefore, untapped microbial biodiversity and related metablomics, give a noteworthy wellspring of biologicals for the advancement of meds, immunizations, enhanced plants and for other natural applications. The present eBook volume contains articles on microbial secondary metabolites, microbial biosynthetic potential including biosynthetic gene expression, and metagenomics obtained from microorganism isolated unique from habitats like marine sources, endophytes, thermal springs, deserts, etc.

Regulation of Secondary Metabolism in Actinomycetes

Regulation of Secondary Metabolism in Actinomycetes Book
Author : Stuart Shapiro
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-10-28
ISBN : 1000141993
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive examination of biochemical and genetic regulatory phenomena as they relate to the activity of actinomycete secondary metabolic pathways and the functioning of secondary metabolites as endogenous effectors of cytodifferentiation. Approximately 50 illustrations accompany the text.

Secondary Metabolism in Model Systems

Secondary Metabolism in Model Systems Book
Author : John Romeo
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2004-07-14
ISBN : 9780080474335
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The chapters presented in Secondary Metabolism in Model Systems are a microcosm of what the recent completion, or near completion, of various genome projects are enabling biochemists to understand not only about control and regulation of secondary metabolism, and how various pathways relate to each other, but also about its relation to primary metabolism. A major paradigm shift is occurring in the way researchers need to view "secondary" metabolism in the future.It is also clear that model systems, such as the ones discussed in the symposium, are providing new information and insight almost faster than researchers can process it! The volumes in this series contain articles on developing topics of interest to scientists, students and individuals interested in recent developments in the biochemistry, chemistry and molecular biology of plants. An excellent series volume covering the advances in understanding of gene functions, a high profile area of research due to recent genome projects This book provides essential information on new model systems available to biochemists The chapters in this volume are based on the papers presented in the symposium entitled "Secondary Metabolism in Model Systems"

Genetic Engineering of Plant Secondary Metabolism

Genetic Engineering of Plant Secondary Metabolism Book
Author : Brian E. Ellis,Gary W. Kuroki,Helen A. Stafford
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461525446
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this volume of Recent Advances in Phytochmistry you will find a record of the pioneering attempts of plant biochemists and molecular biologists to modify the patterns of secondary metabolism in plants, as presented at the 33rd annual meeting of the Phytochemical Society of North America, in Asilomar, California, on June 27 -July I, 1993. The studies described here represent a marriage of the newest of technologies with one of the oldest human activities, exploitation of plant chemistry. They also represent the beginning of a new era of phytochemical research, an era that will undoubtedly begin to provide answers to some of the long-standing questions that have absorbed plant biochemists for the past century. There is, for instance, a common deflating experience to which every worker in the area of plant secondary metabolism can probably relate. After hearing about the latest research findings regarding some aspect of remarkable compound "X", someone in the audience finally directs the inevitable question at the hapless speaker. "Tell me, is anything known as to the biological role of compound "X" in the plant?" The answer, in most cases, must be "essentially nothing"! This is a frustrating scenario for both the speaker and the audience, since the very fact that a complex biosynthetic pathway remains encoded in a plant genome points to an associated selective advantage. The problem is that establishing the nature and scale of that advantage is a very complex task.

Plant Biodiversity

Plant Biodiversity Book
Author : Abid A Ansari,Sarvajeet Singh Gill,Zahid Khorshid Abbas,M Naeem
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2016-12-23
ISBN : 1780646941
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Results of regular monitoring of the species diversity and structure of plant communities is used by conservation biologists to help understand impacts of perturbations caused by humans and other environmental factors on ecosystems worldwide. Changes in plant communities can, for example, be a reflection of increased levels of pollution, a response to long-term climate change, or the result of shifts in land-use practices by the human population. This book presents a series of essays on the application of plant biodiversity monitoring and assessment to help prevent species extinction, ecosystem collapse, and solve problems in biodiversity conservation. It has been written by a large international team of researchers and uses case studies and examples from all over the world, and from a broad range of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. The book is aimed at any graduate students and researchers with a strong interest in plant biodiversity monitoring and assessment, plant community ecology, biodiversity conservation, and the environmental impacts of human activities on ecosystems.

Seaweeds Secondary Metabolites

Seaweeds Secondary Metabolites Book
Author : Diana Cláudia Pinto
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-02-21
ISBN : 3039283006
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Seaweeds are recognized as highly nutritious, and their use in gastronomy is increasing. Their health benefits and their potential to prevent several diseases have also been established. In this Special Issue several health effects are discussed, with more emphasis on their antitumor activity and potential use to treat Alzheimer’s disease. The key bioactive metabolites, from which phlorotannins can be highlighted, are presented, as well as some important in vivo studies. Altogether, the chapters provide in-depth information about the biological activities of seaweed metabolites, contributing to elucidate the health effects of seaweed.

Biotechnology of Plant Secondary Metabolism

Biotechnology of Plant Secondary Metabolism Book
Author : Arthur Germano Fett-Neto
Publisher : Humana Press
Release : 2016-02-04
ISBN : 9781493933914
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume describes up-to-date techniques for improved production of secondary metabolites of economic interest using field and laboratory methods. Biotechnology of Plant Secondary Metabolism: Methods and Protocols explores different secondary metabolite classes, whole-plant and cell/organ culture systems, and environmental and genetic transformation-based modulation of biochemical pathways. Special focus is given to cell and tissue specific metabolism, metabolite transport, microRNA-based technology, heterologous systems expression of enzymes and pathways leading to products of interest, as well as applications using both model and non-model plant species. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Practical and cutting-edge, Biotechnology of Plant Secondary Metabolism: Methods and Protocols is a great resource for scientists of interdisciplinary fields--plant science, plant physiology, pharmacy, molecular biology, biochemistry, bioengineering, and forestry--in reaching their goals of producing plant biochemicals in a sustainable and efficient manner, while minimizing impacts to the environment and providing the required quantities of these commodities to industry.

Annual Plant Reviews Biochemistry of Plant Secondary Metabolism

Annual Plant Reviews  Biochemistry of Plant Secondary Metabolism Book
Author : Michael Wink
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-06-13
ISBN : 1444347918
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This brand new Annual Plant Reviews volume is the second edition of the highly successful and well-received Annual Plant Reviews, Volume 2. This exciting new volume provides an up-to-date survey of the biochemistry and physiology of plant secondary metabolism. The volume commences with an overview of the biochemistry, physiology and function of secondary metabolism, followed by detailed reviews of the major groups of secondary metabolites: alkaloids and betalains, cyanogenic glucosides, glucosinolates and nonprotein amino acids, phenyl propanoids and related phenolics, terpenoids, cardiac glycosides and saponins. A final chapter discusses the evolution of secondary metabolism. This carefully compiled new edition brings together chapters from some of the world's leading experts in plant secondary metabolism. Completely revised and brought right up to date with much new information, this volume is an essential purchase for advanced students, researchers and professionals in biochemistry, physiology, molecular biology, genetics, plant sciences, agriculture, medicine, pharmacology and pharmacy, working in the academic and industrial sectors, including those working in the pesticide and pharmaceutical industries. Libraries in all universities and research establishments where these subjects are studied and taught will need copies of this excellent volume on their shelves. A companion volume Annual Plant Reviews Volume 39, Functions and Biotechnology of Plant Secondary Metabolites, Second Edition, Edited by M. Wink, is also available.

Secondary Metabolites of Plant Growth Promoting Rhizomicroorganisms

Secondary Metabolites of Plant Growth Promoting Rhizomicroorganisms Book
Author : Harikesh Bahadur Singh,Chetan Keswani,M. S. Reddy,Estibaliz Sansinenea,Carlos García-Estrada
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-04-15
ISBN : 9811358621
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent changes in the pattern of agricultural practices from use of hazardous pesticides to natural (organic) cultivation has brought into focus the use of agriculturally important microorganisms for carrying out analogous functions. The reputation of plant growth promoting rhizomicroorganisms (PGPRs) is due to their antagonistic mechanisms against most of the fungal and bacterial phytopathogens. The biocontrol potential of agriculturally important microorganisms is mostly attributed to their bioactive secondary metabolites. However, low shelf life of many potential agriculturally important microorganisms impairs their use in agriculture and adoption by farmers. The focal theme of this book is to highlight the potential of employing biosynthesized secondary metabolites (SMs) from agriculturally important microorganisms for management of notorious phytopathogens, as a substitute of the currently available whole organism formulations and also as alternatives to hazardous synthetic pesticides. Accordingly, we have incorporated a comprehensive rundown of sections which particularly examine the SMs synthesized, secreted and induced by various agriculturally important microorganisms and their applications in agriculture. Section 1 includes discussion on biosynthesized antimicrobial secondary metabolites from fungal biocontrol agents. This section will cover the various issues such as development of formulation of secondary metabolites, genomic basis of metabolic diversity, metabolomic profiling of fungal biocontrol agents, novel classes of antimicrobial peptides. The section 1 will also cover the role of these secondary metabolites in antagonist-host interaction and application of biosynthesized antimicrobial secondary metabolites for management of plant diseases. Section 2 will discuss the biosynthesized secondary metabolites from bacterial PGPRs, strain dependent effects on plant metabolome profile, bio-prospecting various isolates of bacterial PGPRs for potential secondary metabolites and non-target effects of PGPR on microbial community structure and functions. Section 3 encompasses synthesis of antimicrobial secondary metabolites from beneficial endophytes, bio-prospecting medicinal and aromatic hosts and effect of endophytic SMs on plants under biotic and biotic stress conditions.

Cumulated Index Medicus

Cumulated Index Medicus Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1971
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Cumulated Index Medicus book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.