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Pulp and Paper Industry

Pulp and Paper Industry Book
Author : Pratima Bajpai
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-02-25
ISBN : 0128111003
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Pulp and Paper Industry: Emerging Waste Water Treatment Technologies is the first book which comprehensively reviews this topic. Over the past decade, pulp and paper companies have continued to focus on minimizing fresh water use and effluent discharges as part of their move towards sustainable operating practices. Three stages—basic conservation, water reuse and water recycling—provide a systematic approach to water resource management. Implementing these stages requires increased financial investment and better utilization of water resources. The ultimate goal for pulp and paper companies is to have effluent-free factories with no negative environmental impact. The traditional water treatment technologies that are used in paper mills are not able to remove recalcitrant contaminants. Therefore, advanced water treatment technologies are being included in industrial wastewater treatment chains aiming to either improve water biodegradability or its final quality. This book discusses various measures being adopted by the pulp and paper industry to reduce water consumption and treatment techniques to treat wastewater to recover it for reuse. The book also examines the emerging technologies for treatment of effluents and presents examples of full-scale installations. Provides thorough and in-depth coverage of advanced treatment technologies which will benefit the industry personnel, pulp manufacturers, researchers and advanced students Presents new treatment strategies to improve water reuse and fulfill the legislation in force regarding wastewater discharge Presents viable solutions for pulp and paper manufacturers in terms of wastewater treatment Presents examples of full-scale installations to help motivate mill personnel to incorporate new technologies

Pulp and Paper Industry

Pulp and Paper Industry Book
Author : Pratima Bajpai
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-08-26
ISBN : 0128111046
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Pulp and Paper Industry: Chemical Recovery examines the scientific and technical advances that have been made in chemical recovery, including the very latest developments. It looks at general aspects of the chemical recovery process and its significance, black liquor evaporation, black liquor combustion, white liquor preparation, and lime reburning. The book also describes the technologies for chemical recovery of nonwood black liquor, as well as direct alkali regeneration systems in small pulp mills. In addition, it includes a discussion of alternative chemical recovery processes, i.e. alternative causticization and gasification processes, and the progress being made in the recovery of filler, coating color, and pigments. Furthermore, it discusses the utilization of new value streams (fuels and chemicals) from residuals and spent pulping liquor, including related environmental challenges. Offers thorough and in-depth coverage of scientific and technical advances in chemical recovery in pulp making Discusses alternative chemical recovery processes, i.e., alternative causticization and gasification processes Covers the progress being made in the recovery of filler, coating color, and pigments Examines utilization of new value streams (fuels and chemicals) from residuals and spent pulping liquor Discusses environmental challenges (air emissions, mill closure) Presents ways in which the economics, energy efficiency, and environmental protection associated with the recovery process can be improved

Pulp and Paper Industry

Pulp and Paper Industry Book
Author : Pratima Bajpai
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-04-09
ISBN : 0128034262
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Pulp and Paper Industry: Microbiological Issues in Papermaking features in-depth and thorough coverage of microbiological issues in papermaking and their consequences and the current state of the different alternatives for prevention, treatment and control of biofilm/slime considering the impact of the actual technological changes in papermaking on the control programmes. The microbial issues in paper mill systems, chemistry of deposits on paper machines, the strategies for deposit control and methods used for the analysis of biofouling are all dealt in this book along with various growth prevention methods. The traditional use of biocides is discussed taken into account the new environmental regulations regarding their use. Finally, discusses the trends regarding the future of the microbiological control in papermaking systems. In-depth coverage of microbiological issues in papermaking and their consequences Discusses eco-efficient processes (green processes) for biofilm/slime control Offers a thorough review of the current literature with links to the primary literature Comprehensive indexing Author is an authority in the pulp and paper industry

Biorefinery in the Pulp and Paper Industry

Biorefinery in the Pulp and Paper Industry Book
Author : Pratima Bajpai
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-02-03
ISBN : 0124095305
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The traditional pulp and paper producers are facing new competitors in tropical and subtropical regions who use the latest and largest installed technologies, and also have wood and labor cost advantages. Due to the increasing global competition, the forest products prices will continue to decrease. To remain viable, the traditional producers need to increase revenue by producing bioenergy and biomaterials in addition to wood, pulp, and paper products. In this so-called Integrated Products Biorefinery, all product lines are highly integrated and energy efficient. Integrated Products Biorefineries present the forest products industry with a unique opportunity to increase revenues and improve environmental sustainability. Integrated Products Biorefinery technologies will allow industry to manufacture high-value chemicals, fuels, and/or electric power while continuing to produce traditional wood, pulp, and paper products. The industry already controls much of the raw material and infrastructure necessary to create Integrated Products Biorefineries, and Agenda 2020 partnerships are speeding development of the key enabling technologies. Once fully developed and commercialized, these technologies will produce enormous energy and environmental benefits for the industry and the nation. Biorefinery in the Pulp and Paper Industry presents the biorefining concept, the opportunities for the pulp and paper industry, and describes and discusses emerging biorefinery process options. This book also highlights the environmental impact and the complex and ambiguous decision-making challenges that mills will face when considering implementing the biorefinery. Provides up-to-date and authoritative information, citing pertinent research, on this timely and important topic Covers in great depth the biorefining concept, opportunities for the pulp and paper industry, and emerging biorefinery process options Highlights the environmental impact and the complex and ambiguous decision-making challenges that mills will face when considering implementing the biorefinery

The Complete Technology Book on Pulp Paper Industries

The Complete Technology Book on Pulp   Paper Industries Book
Author : NIIR Board of Consultants and Engineers
Publisher : ASIA PACIFIC BUSINESS PRESS Inc.
Release : 2004-02-09
ISBN : 8178330431
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The pulp and paper industry continues to expand at a phenomenal rate and it has an important role to play on the Indian economy. This imposes a difficult problem of selection. Since the amount of material that can be included in a single volume is obviously limited. Careful thought has been given to the selection with the purpose of presenting that material which will be of the greatest interest to the greatest numbers. Paper is one of the major components of urban solid waste (household and commercial waste) and has a potential resource value when collected and reused. Recycling of the waste paper has been a practice that has prevailed in the paper industry since its inception and therefore continues. The preservation of forests and increasing environmental awareness has focussed research on exploration of new fibrous resources and less toxic pulping and bleaching processes. The use of non woody already account for 9.1% of total world papermaking capacity. A variety of non woody plant fibres are used for papermaking. Paper converting refers to the processing of raw paper to produce improved grade of paper or a finished paper article. There are two types of paper converting; wet converting and dry converting. The Indian paper industry has close linkages with economic growth as higher industrial output leads to increased demand for industrial paper for packaging, increased marketing spend benefits the newsprint and value added segments, and increased education and office activities increase demand for writing and printing paper. It is estimated that there is an economic growth of 8.5% for India which will benefit the demand for paper. This book basically comprises of bio refiner mechanical pulping of bast type fibres, use of trichromatic colourimetery for measurement of brightness and yellowness of bleached pulps, finishing and converting, coating equipment, chemical and additives in papermaking, mixed pulping of jute stick and other agricultural residues etc. This book also comprises of the list of manufacturers, suppliers of plant & machinery and allied products, list of manufacturers and suppliers of raw materials, imported pulp manufacturers & suppliers imported pulp, Indian agents for imported pulp etc. This informative book will be helpful for paper technologist, paper chemists and scientists related to paper field.

Pulp and Paper Industry

Pulp and Paper Industry Book
Author : Pratima Bajpai
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-01-22
ISBN : 0128034289
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Pulp and Paper Industry: Energy Conservation presents a number of energy-efficient technologies and practices that are cost-effective and available for implementation today. Emerging energy-efficient technologies and future prospects in this field are also dealt with. Qualitative and quantitative results/data on energy savings for various steps of pulp and paper making process are presented. There is no specific book on this topic. This will be a comprehensive reference in the field. Thorough and in-depth coverage of energy-efficient technologies and practices in paper and pulp industry Presents cost-effective and available for implementation today technologies Discusses Biotechnological processes, especially enzymatic processes in the pulp and paper industry to reduce the energy consumption and improve the product quality Presents qualitative and quantitative results/data on energy savings for various steps of pulp and paper making process

Green Pulp and Paper Industry

Green Pulp and Paper Industry Book
Author : Amit Kumar,Puneet Pathak,Dharm Dutt
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2021-07-19
ISBN : 311059241X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides recent developments and future perspectives of pulp and paper processing based on biotechnology to replace conventional environmental unfriendly chemical processes. The use of microorganism and microbial enzymes in various processes such as bleaching, deinking, refining, dissolving pulp, debarking & pitch removal, slime control, wastewater treatment and waste material valorisation are discussed.

Industrial Environmental Performance Metrics

Industrial Environmental Performance Metrics Book
Author : National Academy of Engineering and National Research Council,Committee on Industrial Environmental Performance Metrics
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1999-09-24
ISBN : 030906242X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Industrial Environmental Performance Metrics is a corporate-focused analysis that brings clarity and practicality to the complex issues of environmental metrics in industry. The book examines the metrics implications to businesses as their responsibilities expand beyond the factory gateâ€"upstream to suppliers and downstream to products and services. It examines implications that arise from greater demand for comparability of metrics among businesses by the investment community and environmental interest groups. The controversy over what sustainable development means for businesses is also addressed. Industrial Environmental Performance Metrics identifies the most useful metrics based on case studies from four industriesâ€"automotive, chemical, electronics, and pulp and paperâ€"and includes specific corporate examples. It contains goals and recommendations for public and private sector players interested in encouraging the broader use of metrics to improve industrial environmental performance and those interested in addressing the tough issues of prioritization, weighting of metrics for meaningful comparability, and the longer term metrics needs presented by sustainable development.

Green Chemistry and Sustainability in Pulp and Paper Industry

Green Chemistry and Sustainability in Pulp and Paper Industry Book
Author : Pratima Bajpai
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-06-23
ISBN : 3319187449
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book features in-depth and thorough coverage of Minimum Impact Mill Technologies which can meet the environmental challenges of the pulp and paper industry and also discusses Mills and Fiberlines that encompass “State-of-the-Art” technology and management practices. The minimum impact mill does not mean "zero effluent", nor is it exclusive to one bleaching concept. It is a much bigger concept which means that significant progress must be made in the following areas: Water Management, Internal Chemical Management, Energy Management, Control and Discharge of Non-Process Elements and Removal of Hazardous Pollutants. At the moment, there is no bleached kraft pulp mill operating with zero effluent. With the rise in environmental awareness due to the lobbying by environmental organizations and with increased government regulation there is now a trend towards sustainability in the pulp and paper industry. Sustainable pulp and paper manufacturing requires a holistic view of the manufacturing process. During the last decade, there have been revolutionary technical developments in pulping, bleaching and chemical recovery technology. These developments have made it possible to further reduce loads in effluents and airborne emissions. Thus, there has been a strong progress towards minimum impact mills in the pulp and paper industry. The minimum-impact mill is a holistic manufacturing concept that encompasses environmental management systems, compliance with environmental laws and regulations and manufacturing technologies.

Biotechnology in the Pulp and Paper Industry

Biotechnology in the Pulp and Paper Industry Book
Author : Karl-Erik L. Eriksson
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2010-12-05
ISBN : 9783642082788
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This collection of comprehensive reviews describes the present knowledge of the enzyme mechanisms involved in the biodegradation of wood and wood components, cellulose, hemicelluloses and lignin by both fungi and bacteria. The extensive knowledge, presented in this volume, was developed in laboratories world-wide over the last few decades and constitutes the foundation for present and future biotechnology in the pulp and paper industry.

Anaerobic Technology in Pulp and Paper Industry

Anaerobic Technology in Pulp and Paper Industry Book
Author : Pratima Bajpai
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-03-14
ISBN : 981104130X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a state-of-the-art report on the treatment of pulp and paper industry effluents using anaerobic technology. It covers a comprehensive range of topics, including the basic reasons for anaerobic treatment, comparison between anaerobic and aerobic treatment, effluent types suitable for anaerobic treatment, design considerations for anaerobic treatment, anaerobic reactor configurations applied for treatment of pulp and paper industry effluents, present status of anaerobic treatment in pulp and paper industry, economic aspects, examples of full scale installations and future trends.

Environmentally Friendly Production of Pulp and Paper

Environmentally Friendly Production of Pulp and Paper Book
Author : Pratima Bajpai
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-03-21
ISBN : 9781118074329
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Implementing Cleaner Production in the pulp and paper industry The large—and still growing—pulp and paper industry is a capital- and resource-intensive industry that contributes to many environmental problems, including global warming, human toxicity, ecotoxicity, photochemical oxidation, acidification, nutrification, and solid wastes. This important reference for professionals in the pulp and paper industry details how to improve manufacturing processes that not only cut down on the emission of pollutants but also increase productivity and decrease costs. Environmentally Friendly Production of Pulp and Paper guides professionals in the pulp and paper industry to implement the internationally recognized process of Cleaner Production (CP). It provides updated information on CP measures in: Raw material storage and preparation Pulping processes (Kraft, Sulphite, and Mechanical) Bleaching, recovery, and papermaking Emission treatment and recycled fiber processing In addition, the book includes a discussion on recent cleaner technologies and their implementation status and benefits in the pulp and paper industry. Covering every aspect of pulping and papermaking essential to the subject of reducing pollution, this is a must-have for paper and bioprocess engineers, environmental engineers, and corporations in the forest products industry.

Environmentally Friendly Technologies for the Pulp and Paper Industry

Environmentally Friendly Technologies for the Pulp and Paper Industry Book
Author : Raymond A. Young,Masood Akhtar
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 1997-11-19
ISBN : 9780471157700
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Solving the pulp and paper industries' environmental problems is essential to maintaining the forest industry and accommodating the changing economic needs of forest communities. This book explores the construction of new mills--operating on new technology that does not produce pollutants--which are vital to the pulp and paper industry.

Biotechnology for Pulp and Paper Processing

Biotechnology for Pulp and Paper Processing Book
Author : Pratima Bajpai
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-02-14
ISBN : 981107853X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book provides the most up-to-date information available on various biotechnological processes useful in the pulp and paper industry. The first edition was published in 2011, covering a specific biotechnological process or technique, discussing the advantages, limitations, and prospects of the most important and popular processes used in the industry. Many new developments have taken place in the last five years, warranting a second edition on this topic. The new edition contains about 35% new material covering topics in Laccase application in fibreboard; biotechnology in forestry; pectinases in papermaking; stickies control with pectinase; products from hemicelluloses; value added products from biorefinery lignin; use of enzymes in mechanical pulping.

Management of Pulp and Paper Mill Waste

Management of Pulp and Paper Mill Waste Book
Author : Pratima Bajpai
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-11-07
ISBN : 3319117882
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Pulp and paper mill industries are always associated with the disposal problem of highly contaminated sludge or bio-solids. The development of innovative systems to maximize recovery of useful materials and/or energy in a sustainable way has become necessary. The management of wastes, in particular of industrial waste, in an economically and environmentally acceptable manner is one of the most critical issues facing modern industry, mainly due to the increased difficulties in properly locating disposal works and complying with even more stringent environmental quality requirements imposed by legislation. This book presents a general Introduction on waste management in the pulp and paper industry and contains topics on the generation of waste in pulp and paper mills, waste composition, methods of sludge pre-treatment, processes and technologies for conversion of pulp and paper mill waste into valuable products, waste reduction techniques employed in the pulp and paper Industry worldwide and future trends.

The U S Paper Industry and Sustainable Production

The U  S  Paper Industry and Sustainable Production Book
Author : Maureen Smith
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 1997-03-12
ISBN : 9780262264501
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The problems recyclers face with wastepaper are connected to the issues addressed by forest advocates, as well as to the difficulties confronted by those involved with industrial pollution from the paper industry. In this richly detailed study, Maureen Smith shows how industrial and environmental analysis can be synthesized to clarify these complex problems and produce solutions. Smith outlines the basic structural characteristics of the U.S. pulp and paper industry and its relationship to the larger forest products sector, as well as its patterns of domestic and global fiber resource use. She then reviews the core technologies employed in virgin pulp production, with an emphasis on their environmental impacts, the role of technological innovation, and the relationships between fiber choices and pollution prevention. Building on this base she reveals structural barriers within the industry that have impeded positive change and shows how these barriers are reinforced by the traditional isolation of environmental policy domains.The study includes a comparative analysis of how organochlorine pollution from pulp mills has been addressed in the United States, Europe, and Canada (and why the United States has seen the slowest rate of progress); an assessment of commodity trade patterns in the industry and how they are linked to resource demand; an examination of the momentum building around annual plant fiber use and the diverse interests it reflects; and a review of recent developments in paper recycling within the context of historical trends in fiber utilization. A case study of the controversial environmental review process of the largest recycled pulp and paper mill ever proposed ties together earlier elements of the book and forms the basis for the conclusions. In closing, Smith argues convincingly against narrowly focused attempts to "fix" the problems associated with the industry, and offers practical guidance on new frameworks and approaches for industrial restructuring. She highlights the need for regional perspectives that integrate environmental, social, and economic objectives. Urban and Industrial Environment series

Biotechnology in the Pulp and Paper Industry

Biotechnology in the Pulp and Paper Industry Book
Author : L. Viikari,R. Lantto
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2002-06-12
ISBN : 9780080528175
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers both basic and applied sciences in a rather specified area of pulp and paper manufacture. The basic science of lignocellulose enzymology and plant genetics is covered also in many other contexts, whereas the application of biotechnology in process and product development is thoroughly reviewed. All the latest advances as well as new ideas of the research field are covered. This book will serve as an updated and compact information package of biotechnical aspects and the most recent advances of the pulp and paper industry sector.

The Evolution of Global Paper Industry 1800 2050

The Evolution of Global Paper Industry 1800     2050 Book
Author : Juha-Antti Lamberg,Jari Ojala,Mirva Peltoniemi,Timo Särkkä
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-22
ISBN : 9400754310
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents an historical analysis of the global paper industry evolution from a comparative perspective. At the centre are 16 producing countries (Finland, Sweden, Norway, the USA, Germany, Canada, Japan, the UK, the Netherlands, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Chile, Brazil, Uruguay and Russia). A comparative study of the paper industry evolution can achieve the following important research objectives. First, we can identify the country specific historical features of paper industry evolution and compare them to the general business trends explicable by existing theoretical knowledge. Second, we can identify and isolate the factors causing both the rise and fall of industrial populations. Third, a shared research agenda can produce an intensive analysis of global industry dynamics. Finally, an extended research period of 250 years can identify what is truly unique in the paper industry evolution and the extent to which it took the same path as other important manufacturing industries.

Papermaking in Britain 1488 1988

Papermaking in Britain 1488 1988 Book
Author : Richard Leslie Hills
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
Release : 2015-11-19
ISBN : 147424128X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This short history tells the story of five hundred years of papermaking against the general background of the coming of paper and printing in Britain, through the major developments of the Industrial Revolution, up to the technological advances which have made possible the enormous high-speed paper machines of the present day.

Biotechnology for Environmental Protection in the Pulp and Paper Industry

Biotechnology for Environmental Protection in the Pulp and Paper Industry Book
Author : P. Bajpai,R. Kondo
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642601367
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Pulp and paper production has increased globally and will continue to increase in the near future. Approximately 155 million tons of wood pulp is produced worldwide and about 260 million is projected for the year 2010. To be able to cope with increasing demand, an increase in productivity and improved environmental performance is needed as the industry is also under constant pressure to reduce and modify environmental emissions to air and water. The authors give updated information on various biotechnological processes useful in the pulp and paper industry which could help in reducing the environmental pollution problem, in addition to other benefits. Various chapters deal with the latest developments in such areas as raw material preparation, pulping, bleaching, water management, waste treatment and utilization. The book also covers the environmental regulations in various parts of the world as well as the role of biotechnology in reducing environmental problems.