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Proteomic And Metabolomic Approaches To Biomarker Discovery

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Proteomic and Metabolomic Approaches to Biomarker Discovery

Proteomic and Metabolomic Approaches to Biomarker Discovery Book
Author : Haleem J. Issaq,Timothy D. Veenstra
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-10-24
ISBN : 0128197889
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Proteomic and Metabolomic Approaches to Biomarker Discovery, Second Edition covers techniques from both proteomics and metabolomics and includes all steps involved in biomarker discovery, from study design to study execution. The book describes methods and presents a standard operating procedure for sample selection, preparation and storage, as well as data analysis and modeling. This new standard effectively eliminates the differing methodologies used in studies and creates a unified approach. Readers will learn the advantages and disadvantages of the various techniques discussed, as well as potential difficulties inherent to all steps in the biomarker discovery process. This second edition has been fully updated and revised to address recent advances in MS and NMR instrumentation, high-field NMR, proteomics and metabolomics for biomarker validation, clinical assays of biomarkers and clinical MS and NMR, identifying microRNAs and autoantibodies as biomarkers, MRM-MS assay development, top-down MS, glycosylation-based serum biomarkers, cell surface proteins in biomarker discovery, lipodomics for cancer biomarker discovery, and strategies to design studies to identify predictive biomarkers in cancer research. Addresses the full range of proteomic and metabolomic methods and technologies used for biomarker discovery and validation Covers all steps involved in biomarker discovery, from study design to study execution Serves as a vital resource for biochemists, biologists, analytical chemists, bioanalytical chemists, clinical and medical technicians, researchers in pharmaceuticals and graduate students

Proteomic Applications in Cancer Detection and Discovery

Proteomic Applications in Cancer Detection and Discovery Book
Author : Timothy D. Veenstra
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-05-30
ISBN : 1118634411
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Helps researchers in proteomics and oncology work together tounderstand, prevent, and cure cancer Proteomic data is increasingly important to understanding theorigin and progression of cancer; however, most oncologicresearchers who depend on proteomics for their studies do notcollect the data themselves. As a result, there is a knowledge gapbetween scientists, who devise proteomic techniques and collect thedata, and the oncologic researchers, who are expected to interpretand apply proteomic data. Bridging the gap between proteomics andoncology research, this book explains how proteomic technology canbe used to address some of the most important questions in cancerresearch. Proteomic Applications in Cancer Detection and Discoveryenables readers to understand how proteomic data is acquired andanalyzed and how it is interpreted. Author Timothy Veenstra hasfilled the book with examples—many based on his own firsthandresearch experience—that clearly demonstrate the applicationof proteomic technology in oncology research, including thediscovery of novel biomarkers for different types of cancers. The book begins with a brief introduction to systems biology,explaining why cancer is a systems biology disease. Next, it coverssuch topics as: Mass spectrometry in cancer research Application of proteomics to global phosphorylationanalysis Search for biomarkers in biofluids Rise and fall of proteomic patterns for cancer diagnostics Emergence of protein arrays Role of proteomics in personalized medicine The final chapter is dedicated to the future prospects ofproteomics in cancer research. By guiding readers through the latest proteomic technologies andtheir applications in cancer research, Proteomic Applications inCancer Detection and Discovery enhances the ability ofresearchers in proteomics and researchers in oncology tocollaborate in order to better understand cancer and developstrategies to prevent and treat it.

Surrogate Tissue Analysis

Surrogate Tissue Analysis Book
Author : Michael E. Burczynski,John C. Rockett
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2005-11-10
ISBN : 1420038095
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Despite rapidly expanding interest in potential applications of surrogate tissue analysis and intense competition to identify and validate biomarkers in appropriate surrogate tissues, very few peer reviewed publications describing the use of this approach have appeared in the scientific press. One of the first publications on this topic, Surrogate Tissue Analysis: Genomic, Proteomic, and Metabolomic Approaches describes initial applications and considerations for "omic" technologies in the field of surrogate tissue analysis. Highlighting important issues to consider when conducting profiling studies to identify novel biomarkers, the first section covers transcriptional approaches in surrogate tissues. It provides a review of important issues in peripheral blood profiling, summarizes results achieved when evaluations of various blood preparation platforms are used for the purpose of transcriptional profiling, and covers the relatively novel application of transcriptional profiling in neurological and oncological disease settings. The second section focuses on proteomic and protein-based methods for identifying markers in surrogate tissues, highlighting immunoassay and mass-spectrometry approaches for assessment of proteins in serum and other fluids, with a focus on the implications of protein-based biomarkers for detecting and monitoring early stages of cancer. The third section explores metabolomic approaches along with other novel molecular screens that can be applied in surrogate tissues to find biomarkers, and examines in detail the rapid development of metabolomics into a powerful technique for biomarker identification. The authors conclude with coverage of regulatory considerations, economic impact, and pan-omic strategies which will undoubtedly impact surrogate tissue analysis in the future. They explore current concepts in pan-omic approaches during drug development where a compendium of data generated by multiple profiling approaches are assessed and evaluated with its impact on the field of systems biology. The last chapter rounds out the coverage with a brief look ahead towards future analytical issues that will likely arise in the field of surrogate tissue analysis. The book is both an introduction to the various "omic" technologies in this young field and a fundamental reference for scientists interested in identifying biomarkers in surrogate tissues.

Biomarker Discovery in the Developing World Dissecting the Pipeline for Meeting the Challenges

Biomarker Discovery in the Developing World  Dissecting the Pipeline for Meeting the Challenges Book
Author : Sanjeeva Srivastava
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-09-30
ISBN : 8132228375
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is oriented towards post-graduates and researchers with interest in proteomics and its applications in clinical biomarker discovery pipeline. Biomarker discovery has long been the research focus of many life scientists globally. However, the pipeline starting from discovery to validation to regulation as a diagnostic or therapeutic molecule follows a complex trajectory. This book aims to provide an in-depth synopsis on each of these developmental phases attendant to biomarker “life cycle” with emphasis on the emerging and significant role of proteomics. The book begins with a perspective on the role of biorepositories and need for biobanking practices in the developing world. The next chapter focuses on disease heterogeneity in context to geographical bias towards susceptibility to the disease and the role of multi-omics techniques to devise disruptive innovations towards biomarker discovery. Chapter 3 focuses on various omics-based platforms that are currently being used for biomarker discovery, their principles and workflow. Mass spectrometry is emerging as a powerful technology for discovery based studies and targeted validation. Chapter 4 aims at providing a glimpse of the basic workflow and considerations in mass spectrometry based studies. Rapid and aptly targeted research funding has often been deemed as one of the decisive factors enabling excellent science and path breaking innovations. With the need for sophistication required in multi-omics research, Chapter 5 focuses on innovative funding strategies such as crowdfunding and Angel philanthropy. Chapter 6 provides the latest advances in education innovation, the premise and reality of bioeconomy especially in a specific context of the developing world, not to mention the new concept of “social innovation” to link biomarkers with socially responsible and sustainable applications. Chapter 7, in ways similar to biomarkers, discusses the biosimilars as a field that has received much focus and prominence recently due to their immense potential in clinical and pharmaceutical innovation literatures. The broader goal post-biomarker discovery is to translate their use in clinics. However, the road from bench-to-bed side is arduous and complex that is subject to oversight from various national and international regulatory bodies. Chapter 8 underscores these regulatory science considerations and provides a concise overview on intellectual property rights in biomarker discovery. Thus, this book contributed by eminent biomarker scientists, clinicians, translational researchers and social scientists holistically covers the various facets of the biomarker discovery journey from “cell to society” in developing world. The lessons learned and highlighted here are of interest to the life sciences community in a global and interdependent world.

Emerging Sample Treatments in Proteomics

Emerging Sample Treatments in Proteomics Book
Author : José-Luis Capelo-Martínez
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-06-24
ISBN : 3030122980
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Proteomics is a well-established area of Science; yet with a strong area in constant evolution, namely sample treatment. There few books that currently cover the field of emerging sample treatments in proteomics, this new volume will be the first to cover all emerging and existing studies. This unique book presents the latest advances in the field focusing on emerging trends linked to high-resolution mass spectrometry, technology addressed to treat samples faster and to attempts to simplify the proteome for the reader.

Proteomics for Biological Discovery

Proteomics for Biological Discovery Book
Author : Timothy D. Veenstra,John R. Yates, III
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-05-07
ISBN : 1119081726
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An update to the popular guide to proteomics technology applications in biomedical research Building on the strength of the original edition, this book presents the state of the art in the field of proteomics and offers students and scientists new tools and techniques to advance their own research. Written by leading experts in the field, it provides readers with an understanding of new and emerging directions for proteomics research and applications. Proteomics for Biological Discovery begins by discussing the emergence of proteomics technologies and summarizing the potential insights to be gained from proteome-level research. The tools of proteomics, from conventional to novel techniques, are thoroughly covered, from underlying concepts to limitations and future directions. Later chapters provide an overview of the current developments in post-translational modification studies, structural proteomics, biochemical proteomics, applied proteomics, and bioinformatics relevant to proteomics. Chapters cover: Quantitative Proteomics for Differential Protein Expression Profiling; Protein Microarrays; Protein Biomarker Discovery; Biomarker Discovery using Mass Spectrometry Imaging; Protein-Protein Interactions; Mass Spectrometry Of Intact Protein Complexes; Crosslinking Applications in Structural Proteomics; Functional Proteomics; High Resolution Interrogation of Biological Systems via Mass Cytometry; Characterization of Drug-Protein Interactions by Chemoproteomics; Phosphorylation; Large-Scale Phosphoproteomics; and Probing Glycoforms of Individual Proteins Using Antibody-Lectin Sandwich Arrays. Presents a comprehensive and coherent review of the major issues in proteomic technology development, bioinformatics, strategic approaches, and applications Chapters offer a rigorous overview with summary of limitations, emerging approaches, questions, and realistic future industry and basic science applications Features new coverage of mass spectrometry for high throughput proteomic measurements, and novel quantitation strategies such as spectral counting and stable isotope labeling Discusses higher level integrative aspects, including technical challenges and applications for drug discovery Offers new chapters on biomarker discovery, global phosphorylation analysis, proteomic profiling using antibodies, and single cell mass spectrometry Proteomics for Biological Discovery is an excellent advanced resource for graduate students, postdoctoral fellows, and scientists across all the major fields of biomedical science.

Nutrition in the Prevention and Treatment of Disease

Nutrition in the Prevention and Treatment of Disease Book
Author : Ann M. Coulston,Carol J. Boushey,Mario Ferruzzi,Linda Delahanty
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-04-28
ISBN : 0128029471
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nutrition in the Prevention and Treatment of Disease, Fourth Edition, is a compilation of current knowledge in clinical nutrition and an overview of the rationale and science base of its application to practice in the prevention and treatment of disease. In its fourth edition, this text continues the tradition of incorporating new discoveries and methods related to this important area of research Generating and analyzing data that summarize dietary intake and its association with disease are valuable tasks in treating disease and developing disease prevention strategies. Well-founded medical nutrition therapies can minimize disease development and related complications. Providing scientifically sound, creative, and effective nutrition interventions is both challenging and rewarding. Two new chapters on metabolomics and translational research, which have come to be used in nutrition research in recent years. The new areas of study are discussed with the perspective that the application of the scientific method is by definition an evolutionary process. A new chapter on Genetics and Diabetes which reviews the latest research on causal genetic variants and biological mechanisms responsible for the disease, and explores potential interactions with environmental factors such as diet and lifestyle. Includes all major "omics" – the exposome, metabolomics, genomics, and the gut microbiome. Expands the microbiota portions to reflect complexity of diet on gut microbial ecology, metabolism and health

Genetic Programming for Biomarker Detection in Classification of Mass Spectrometry Data

Genetic Programming for Biomarker Detection in Classification of Mass Spectrometry Data Book
Author : Soha Ahmed
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mass spectrometry (MS) is currently the most commonly used technology in biochemical research for proteomic analysis. The primary goal of proteomic profiling using mass spectrometry is the classification of samples from different experimental states. To classify the MS samples, the identification of protein or peptides (biomarker detection) that are expressed differently between the classes, is required. However, due to the high dimensionality of the data and the small number of samples, classification of MS data is extremely challenging. Another important aspect of biomarker detection is the verification of the detected biomarker that acts as an intermediate step before passing these biomarkers to the experimental validation stage. Biomarker detection aims at altering the input space of the learning algorithm for improving classification of proteomic or metabolomic data. This task is performed through feature manipulation. Feature manipulation consists of three aspects: feature ranking, feature selection, and feature construction. Genetic programming (GP) is an evolutionary computation algorithm that has the intrinsic capability for the three aspects of feature manipulation. The ability of GP for feature manipulation in proteomic biomarker discovery has not been fully investigated. This thesis, therefore, proposes an embedded methodology for these three aspects of feature manipulation in high dimensional MS data using GP. The thesis also presents a method for biomarker verification, using GP. The thesis investigates the use of GP for both single-objective and multi-objective feature selection and construction. In feature ranking, the thesis proposes a GP-based method for ranking subsets of features by using GP as an ensemble approach. The proposed algorithm uses GP capability to combine the advantages of different feature ranking metrics and evolve a new ranking scheme for the subset of the features selected from the top ranked features. The capability of GP as a c

Multi omic Data Integration

Multi omic Data Integration Book
Author : Paolo Tieri,Christine Nardini,Jennifer Elizabeth Dent
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2015-09-17
ISBN : 2889196488
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Stable, predictive biomarkers and interpretable disease signatures are seen as a significant step towards personalized medicine. In this perspective, integration of multi-omic data coming from genomics, transcriptomics, glycomics, proteomics, metabolomics is a powerful strategy to reconstruct and analyse complex multi-dimensional interactions, enabling deeper mechanistic and medical insight. At the same time, there is a rising concern that much of such different omic data –although often publicly and freely available- lie in databases and repositories underutilised or not used at all. Issues coming from lack of standardisation and shared biological identities are also well-known. From these considerations, a novel, pressing request arises from the life sciences to design methodologies and approaches that allow for these data to be interpreted as a whole, i.e. as intertwined molecular signatures containing genes, proteins, mRNAs and miRNAs, able to capture inter-layers connections and complexity. Papers discuss data integration approaches and methods of several types and extents, their application in understanding the pathogenesis of specific diseases or in identifying candidate biomarkers to exploit the full benefit of multi-omic datasets and their intrinsic information content. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to: • Methods for the integration of layered data, including, but not limited to, genomics, transcriptomics, glycomics, proteomics, metabolomics; • Application of multi-omic data integration approaches for diagnostic biomarker discovery in any field of the life sciences; • Innovative approaches for the analysis and the visualization of multi-omic datasets; • Methods and applications for systematic measurements from single/undivided samples (comprising genomic, transcriptomic, proteomic, metabolomic measurements, among others); • Multi-scale approaches for integrated dynamic modelling and simulation; • Implementation of applications, computational resources and repositories devoted to data integration including, but not limited to, data warehousing, database federation, semantic integration, service-oriented and/or wiki integration; • Issues related to the definition and implementation of standards, shared identities and semantics, with particular focus on the integration problem. Research papers, reviews and short communications on all topics related to the above issues were welcomed.

Companion and Complementary Diagnostics

Companion and Complementary Diagnostics Book
Author : Jan Trøst Jørgensen
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-05-08
ISBN : 0128135409
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Companion and Complementary Diagnostics: From Biomarker Discovery to Clinical Implementation provides readers with in-depth insights into the individual steps in the development of companion diagnostic assays, from the early biomarker discovery phase straight through to final regulatory approval. Further, the clinical implementation of companion diagnostic testing in the clinic is also discussed. As the development of predictive or selective biomarker assays linked to specific drugs is substantially increasing, this book offers comprehensive information on this quickly-evolving area of biomedicine. It is an essential resource for those in academic institutions, hospitals and pharma, and biotech and diagnostic commercial companies. Covers all aspects, from biomarker discovery, to development and regulatory approval Explains the "how to" aspects of companion diagnostics Incorporates information on the entire process, allowing for easier and deeper understanding of the topic

Advanced Mass Spectrometry based Analytical Separation Techniques for Probing the Polar Metabolome

Advanced Mass Spectrometry based Analytical Separation Techniques for Probing the Polar Metabolome Book
Author : Rawi Ramautar
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2021-07-13
ISBN : 1839163534
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The efficient analysis of polar and charged metabolites in biological samples remains a huge challenge in the field of metabolomics. Over the past years, novel mass spectrometry-based analytical tools have been developed to enable the sensitive and efficient profiling of polar ionogenic metabolites in various biological samples. This book gives the reader a comprehensive overview of these recent technological developments. Topics covered include the use of chemical labelling strategies for allowing the analysis of polar metabolites using reversed-phase liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry (RPLC-MS) and the latest methodological developments in RPLC-MS, hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC)-MS and ion-pair LC-MS approaches. Attention is also paid to developments in nano-LC-MS and capillary electrophoresis–mass spectrometry methods specifically for profiling polar metabolites in small volume biological samples. The utility of ion-mobility MS and NMR spectroscopy will also be outlined. Sample preparation is the key part in the analytical workflow employed for metabolomics. Therefore, ample emphasis will be given on recent solid-phase extraction and solid-phase micro-extraction methods. Finally, analytical techniques for chiral metabolic profiling will also be considered. Discussing the state-of-the-art of the proposed topics in one single book for probing the polar metabolome, using relevant examples, is unique and needed in the metabolomics field. This book has relevance and appeal to an international audience of analytical and biomedical researchers in industry and academia.

Metabolome Analyses

Metabolome Analyses  Book
Author : Seetharaman Vaidyanathan,George G. Harrigan,Royston Goodacre
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-03-20
ISBN : 0387252401
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metabolome analysis is now recognized as a crucial component of functional genomic and systems biology investigations. Innovative approaches to the study of metabolic regulation in microbial, plant and animal systems are increasingly facilitating the emergence of systems approaches in biology. This book highlights analytical and bioinformatics strategies now available for investigating metabolic networks in microbial, plant and animal systems. The contributing authors are world leaders in this field and they present an unambiguous case for pursuing metabolome analysis as a means to attain a systems level understanding of complex biological systems.

HPLC and UHPLC for Practicing Scientists

HPLC and UHPLC for Practicing Scientists Book
Author : Michael W. Dong
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-08-06
ISBN : 1119313767
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A concise yet comprehensive reference guide on HPLC/UHPLC that focuses on its fundamentals, latest developments, and best practices in the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries Written for practitioners by an expert practitioner, this new edition of HPLC and UHPLC for Practicing Scientists adds numerous updates to its coverage of high-performance liquid chromatography, including comprehensive information on UHPLC (ultra-high-pressure liquid chromatography) and the continuing migration of HPLC to UHPLC, the modern standard platform. In addition to introducing readers to HPLC’s fundamentals, applications, and developments, the book describes basic theory and terminology for the novice, and reviews relevant concepts, best practices, and modern trends for the experienced practitioner. HPLC and UHPLC for Practicing Scientists, Second Edition offers three new chapters. One is a standalone chapter on UHPLC, covering concepts, benefits, practices, and potential issues. Another examines liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS). The third reviews at the analysis of recombinant biologics, particularly monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), used as therapeutics. While all chapters are revised in the new edition, five chapters are essentially rewritten (HPLC columns, instrumentation, pharmaceutical analysis, method development, and regulatory aspects). The book also includes problem and answer sections at the end of each chapter. Overviews fundamentals of HPLC to UHPLC, including theories, columns, and instruments with an abundance of tables, figures, and key references Features brand new chapters on UHPLC, LC/MS, and analysis of recombinant biologics Presents updated information on the best practices in method development, validation, operation, troubleshooting, and maintaining regulatory compliance for both HPLC and UHPLC Contains major revisions to all chapters of the first edition and substantial rewrites of chapters on HPLC columns, instrumentation, pharmaceutical analysis, method development, and regulatory aspects Includes end-of-chapter quizzes as assessment and learning aids Offers a reference guide to graduate students and practicing scientists in pharmaceutical, biotechnology, and other industries Filled with intuitive explanations, case studies, and clear figures, HPLC and UHPLC for Practicing Scientists, Second Edition is an essential resource for practitioners of all levels who need to understand and utilize this versatile analytical technology. It will be a great benefit to every busy laboratory analyst and researcher.

Immunohistochemistry

Immunohistochemistry Book
Author : Charles Streckfus
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2020-03-04
ISBN : 1838808205
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Immunohistochemistry - The Ageless Biotechnology is a book that is ideal for undergraduate and graduate biomedical researchers, and medical and dental health professionals. It is a detailed text, which emphasizes the laboratory and clinical implications of immunohistochemistry. The text covers the advances of immunohistochemistry from its humble origins in the 1930s up to the new decade of 2020. The book also offers a review of the immunohistochemistry detection systems with emphasis on their principles, history, and their advantages. It also stipulates the limitations and delineates the factors that need to be considered for choosing an appropriate detection system for IHC applications. The book describes current laboratory techniques and new applications for the technology. As the reader will observe, the book provides new and useful information concerning the rapidly advancing field of immunohistochemistry.

Bioinformatics and Biomarker Discovery

Bioinformatics and Biomarker Discovery Book
Author : Francisco Azuaje
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-08-24
ISBN : 111996430X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is designed to introduce biologists, clinicians and computational researchers to fundamental data analysis principles, techniques and tools for supporting the discovery of biomarkers and the implementation of diagnostic/prognostic systems. The focus of the book is on how fundamental statistical and data mining approaches can support biomarker discovery and evaluation, emphasising applications based on different types of "omic" data. The book also discusses design factors, requirements and techniques for disease screening, diagnostic and prognostic applications. Readers are provided with the knowledge needed to assess the requirements, computational approaches and outputs in disease biomarker research. Commentaries from guest experts are also included, containing detailed discussions of methodologies and applications based on specific types of "omic" data, as well as their integration. Covers the main range of data sources currently used for biomarker discovery Covers the main range of data sources currently used for biomarker discovery Puts emphasis on concepts, design principles and methodologies that can be extended or tailored to more specific applications Offers principles and methods for assessing the bioinformatic/biostatistic limitations, strengths and challenges in biomarker discovery studies Discusses systems biology approaches and applications Includes expert chapter commentaries to further discuss relevance of techniques, summarize biological/clinical implications and provide alternative interpretations

Metabolic Profiling Its Role in Biomarker Discovery and Gene Function Analysis

Metabolic Profiling  Its Role in Biomarker Discovery and Gene Function Analysis Book
Author : George G. Harrigan,Royston Goodacre
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461503337
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

It is evident that biochemical control is not strictly hierarchical and that intermediary metabolism can contribute to control of regulatory pathways. Metabolic studies are therefore increasingly important in gene function analyses, and an increased interest in metabolites as biomarkers for disease progression or response to therapeutic intervention is also evident in the pharmaceutical industry. This book offers guidelines to currently available technology and bioinformatics and database strategies now being developed. Evidence is presented that metabolic profiling is a valuable addition to genomics and proteomics strategies devoted to drug discovery and development, and that metabolic profiling offers numerous advantages.

Biomarkers of Kidney Disease

Biomarkers of Kidney Disease Book
Author : Charles L. Edelstein
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2010-10-27
ISBN : 9780123756732
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A biomarker is a molecule that is measured as a marker of normal biological processes, disease processes or the response to a diagnostic or therapeutic intervention. Kidney diseases like acute kidney injury, chronic kidney disease, diabetic nephropathy, glomerular disease, renal cancer and preeclampsia still have a high morbidity. Measurement of biomarkers in the blood or urine that detect patients at risk of kidney diseases or that detect kidney diseases in the earliest stage may ultimately result in preventative or earlier or more effective treatments for kidney diseases. Biomarkers of Kidney Disease reviews the basic and clinical research on biomarkers of the common kidney diseases including acute kidney injury, chronic kidney disease, renal cancer, diabetic nephropathy, glomerular disease and preeclampsia. The characteristics of an ideal biomarker of kidney diseases and statistical analysis of biomarker studies is detailed. The latest techniques for biomarker detection like metabolomics and proteomics is covered in the book. This comprehensive book details the latest advances made in the field of biomarker research and development in kidney diseases. The book is an ideal companion for those interested in biomarker research and development, proteomics and metabolomics, kidney diseases, statistical analysis, transplantation and preeclampsia. Presents a comprehensive, translational source for all aspects of renal biomarkers in one reference work Experts in renal disease biomarkers (from all areas of academic and medical research) take readers from the bench research (cellular and molecular mechanism) to new therapeutic approaches

Cancer Metabolomics

Cancer Metabolomics Book
Author : Shen Hu
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-05-03
ISBN : 3030516520
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cancer metabolomics is a rapidly evolving field that aims for a comprehensive dissection of the metabolic phenotypes and functional network of metabolites in human cancers. State of the art metabolomics tools have been developed and applied to studying cancer metabolism and developing metabolic targets for improved diagnosis, prognosis and therapeutic treatment of human cancers. Chapters are written by subject experts in the field of cancer metabolomics with cross-disciplinary contributions. Coverage includes advanced metabolomics technologies and methodologies, including chemical isotope labelling liquid chromatography - mass spectrometry, capillary ion chromatography - mass spectrometry, 2-D gas chromatography – mass spectrometry, capillary electrophoresis – mass spectrometry, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, shotgun lipidomics, tracer-based metabolomics, microbial metabolomics, mass spectrometry imaging for single cell metabolomics and functional metabolomics. In addition, the book highlights new discoveries in cancer metabolism such as hypoxia inducible factor pathway, isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 mutation and oncometabolites. Finally, contributors focus on the translational applications of metabolomics in human cancers such as glioma, head and neck cancer, and gastric cancer. This new volume will be a unique reference source for cancer researchers and promote applications of metabolomics in understanding cancer metabolism.

Proteomics and Metabolomics in Psychiatry

Proteomics and Metabolomics in Psychiatry Book
Author : D. Martins-de-Souza
Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Release : 2014-05-23
ISBN : 331802600X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This publication compiles data generated by proteomics and metabolomics about psychiatric disorders. Leading researchers in these fields review the basic principles of proteomics and metabolomics and propose the new directions to be followed in molecular psychiatry. The chapters divided into two sections – Schizophrenia/Psychotic Disorders and Mood Disorders – deal with findings in diverse tissues from human and preclinical models in order to unravel the biology and biochemistry behind the establishment and course of these illnesses as well as potential biomarkers for clinical applications. More than an update, this publication indicates the next steps to discover biomarkers and understand psychiatric disorders more comprehensively. This publication is valuable reading for psychiatrists, neuroscientists and analytical chemists interested in the basics of proteomics and metabolomics, psychiatric definitions and the most advanced hypotheses about the pathobiology of schizophrenia, depression and bipolar disorder.