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Properties And Functionalization Of Graphene

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Handbook of Graphene

Handbook of Graphene Book
Author : Edvige Celasco,Alexander Chaika
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-06-10
ISBN : 1119468612
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Graphene, Volume 1, essentially focuses on graphene growth, synthesis, and functionalization in order to realize optimized graphene-based nanostructures which can be utilized for various applications. This handbook provides detailed and up-to-date overviews of the synthesis and functionalization of graphene on various substrates (metallic and semiconducting), their properties and possible application methods. In particular, the chapters cover: - Optimization of graphene growth and challenges for synthesis of high-quality graphene and graphite in metallic materials; - Exfoliation of graphene sheets obtained by sonication, ball milling and use of polymers and surfactants; - Structure, electronic properties, functionalization methods, and prospects of epitaxial graphene grown on hexagonal and cubic silicon carbide substrates; - Growth of graphene on Si(111) wafers via direct deposition of solid-state carbon atom and characterization of graphene-on-silicon films; - Chemical reactivity and modification of electronical properties of graphene grown on Ni(111); - Enhancement of the cell wall strength and stability of foam structure utilizing graphene; - Influence of applied strain and magnetic field on the electronic and transport properties of graphene with different kinds of defects; - Application of hydrogen functionalized graphene in spintronic nanodevices; - Electrochemistry and catalytic properties of graphene-based materials; - Functionalization of graphene with molecules and/or nanoparticles for advanced applications such as flexible electronics, biological systems, ink-jet applications and coatings; - Graphene-based composite materials devoted to electrochemical applications such as supercapacitors, lithium ion batteries and electrode material; - Three-dimensional graphene-based structures which preserve the intrinsic properties of 2D graphene and provide advanced functionalities with desired characteristics in a wide range of applications such as sensors, batteries, supercapacitors, fuel cells, etc.; - Carbon allotropes between diamond and graphite, which allow creating semiconductor properties in graphene and related structures. The 18 chapters of this handbook represent deep and very stimulating contributions to the processes of growth, synthesis and functionalization of graphene for several potential applications. This book is intended for students and active researchers in the field of graphene who are currently investigating the fundamental properties of this amazing low-dimensional material and its applications in micro- and nanotechnologies. It is also necessary reading for entrepreneurs and industrialists because it discusses a variety of possible applications of graphene and different ways of improving the quality of synthesized graphene.

Chemically Derived Graphene

Chemically Derived Graphene Book
Author : Kintao Zhang
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2018-05-10
ISBN : 1788010809
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive overview of the recent and state-of-the-art research on chemically derived graphene materials for different applications.

Functionalized Graphene Nanocomposites and Their Derivatives

Functionalized Graphene Nanocomposites and Their Derivatives Book
Author : Mohammad Jawaid,Rachid Bouhfid,Abou el Kacem Qaiss
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-11-01
ISBN : 0128145536
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Functionalized Graphene Nanocomposites and Their Derivatives: Synthesis, Processing and Applications explains how the functionalization technique is used to create graphene nanocomposites, also exploring its current uses in industrial applications. Graphene-based nanocomposites are one of the major advancements in polymer-based materials, thus the synthesis, nanoscale dimensions, high aspect ratio, mechanical, electrical and thermal properties of graphene and its derivative have all been major areas of research in the last decade. This important reference covers these updates and is a critical book for those working in the fields of materials processing and characterization. Explains how graphene is functionalized and used in the fabrication of nanocomposites for a range of applications Explores why the properties of functionalized graphene make it such a useful, versatile material Describes, in detail, the functionalization process for utilization in graphene

Functionalization of Graphene

Functionalization of Graphene Book
Author : Vasilios Georgakilas
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-04-03
ISBN : 352767277X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

All set to become the standard reference on the topic, this book covers the most important procedures for chemical functionalization, making it an indispensable resource for all chemists, physicists, materials scientists and engineers entering or already working in the field. Expert authors share their knowledge on a wide range of different functional groups, including organic functional groups, hydrogen, halogen, nanoparticles and polymers.

Graphene Functionalization Strategies

Graphene Functionalization Strategies Book
Author : Anish Khan,Mohammad Jawaid,Bernaurdshaw Neppolian,Abdullah M. Asiri
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-10-17
ISBN : 9813290579
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses various aspects of graphene fictionalization strategies from inorganic oxides and organic moieties including preparation, design, and characterization of functionalization material and its applications. Including illustrations and tables summarizing the latest research on manufacturing, design, characterization and applications of graphene functionalization, it describes graphene functionalization using different techniques and materials and highlights the latest technologies in the field of manufacturing and design. This book is a valuable reference resource for lecturers, students, researchers and industrialists working in the field of material science, especially polymer composites.

Graphene Oxide

Graphene Oxide Book
Author : Ganesh Shamrao Kamble
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2018-09-19
ISBN : 178923588X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book aims to introduce the emerging technologies of graphene oxide (GO) in various fields such as industrial, medical, electronics, artificial intelligence, materials-alloys, energy storage devices, optical, physics, mechanical, nanomaterials, and sustainable chemistry. At the current level of development, the properties and binding structure of graphene are important toward the recent applications. The knowledge produced by the graphene oxide could be a much haunting basis for discovering innovative opportunities in the field of emerging trends of research. Future technology expected that the full development will depend only on graphene and its functionalized composite materials. This book highlights the challenges and opportunities associated with GOs. Subject of interest in this book is exploring the opportunities and technologies related to abundant clean energy, pure water, and noble long healthy life.

Graphene Chemistry

Graphene Chemistry Book
Author : De-en Jiang,Zhongfang Chen
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-08-12
ISBN : 1118691318
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

What are the chemical aspects of graphene as a novel 2D material and how do they relate to the molecular structure? This book addresses these important questions from a theoretical and computational standpoint. Graphene Chemistry: Theoretical Perspectives presents recent exciting developments to correlate graphene’s properties and functions to its structure through state-of-the-art computational studies. This book focuses on the chemistry aspect of the structure-property relationship for many fascinating derivatives of graphene; various properties such as electronic structure, magnetism, and chemical reactivity, as well as potential applications in energy storage, catalysis, and nanoelectronics are covered. The book also includes two chapters with significant experimental portions, demonstrating how deep insights can be obtained by joint experimental and theoretical efforts. Topics covered include: Graphene ribbons: Edges, magnetism, preparation from unzipping, and electronic transport Nanographenes: Properties, reactivity, and synthesis Clar sextet rule in nanographene and graphene nanoribbons Porous graphene, nanomeshes, and graphene-based architecture and assemblies Doped graphene: Theory, synthesis, characterization and applications Mechanisms of graphene growth in chemical vapor deposition Surface adsorption and functionalization of graphene Conversion between graphene and graphene oxide Applications in gas separation, hydrogen storage, and catalysis Graphene Chemistry: Theoretical Perspectives provides a useful overview for computational and theoretical chemists who are active in this field and those who have not studied graphene before. It is also a valuable resource for experimentalist scientists working on graphene and related materials, who will benefit from many concepts and properties discussed here.

Chemical Synthesis and Applications of Graphene and Carbon Materials

Chemical Synthesis and Applications of Graphene and Carbon Materials Book
Author : Markus Antonietti,Klaus Müllen
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-03-20
ISBN : 3527332081
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This ready reference and handbook is unique in its focus on synthesis and the application of graphene and other carbon materials with an emphasis on chemistry aspects. To this extent, it deals with top-down and bottom-up approaches across the different length scales for graphene from polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons to graphene nanoribbons and graphene sheets, as well as carbon materials from quantum dots, nanostructured particles, and fibers, right up to tubes, bulk structures, and much more besides. In so doing, it presents the best synthetic methods: pyrolysis, chemical vapor deposition, templating and surface-mediated synthesis, self-assembly, surface-grafting and modification. Edited by two excellent, experienced and highly renowned editors, both of whom are directors of Max Planck Institutes.

Graphene and Emerging Materials for Post CMOS Applications

Graphene and Emerging Materials for Post CMOS Applications Book
Author : Yaw Obeng
Publisher : The Electrochemical Society
Release : 2009-05
ISBN : 1566777135
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The objectives of this symposium was to address all current and future issues related to ¿Emerging Materials For Post-CMOS Applications.¿ The symposium focused on fundamental material science, characterization and applications of emerging materials designed for alternatives technologies to replace CMOS. Special emphasis was placed on ¿Beyond CMOS¿ integration schemes, technology development and on the impact of non-traditional materials into nanoelectronics.

Graphene Materials

Graphene Materials Book
Author : George Kyzas,Athanasios Mitropoulos
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2017-05-17
ISBN : 9535131397
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Graphene is, basically, a single atomic layer of graphite, an abundant mineral that is an allotrope of carbon that is made up of very tightly bonded carbon atoms organized into a hexagonal lattice. What makes graphene so special is its sp2 hybridization and very thin atomic thickness (of 0.345 Nm). These properties are what enable graphene to break so many records in terms of strength, electricity, and heat conduction (as well as many others). This book gathers valuable information about the surface chemistry of graphene, some of its properties (electrical, mechanical, etc.), and many of its modifications that can be taken into account.

Advances in Graphene Science

Advances in Graphene Science Book
Author : Mahmood Aliofkhazraei
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2013-07-31
ISBN : 9535111825
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Graphene is proving to be the magic material of the 21th century. It is widely accepted that it is the strongest material ever studied and can be an efficient substitute for silicon. Besides, fascinating properties of graphene, such as the highest electrical conductivity among the discovered substances, have dramatically shocked science and technology world. Graphene is a carbon based layer with high atomic density. Its extraordinary characteristics such as extremely high mechanical strength, hardness, and adjustable thermal and electrical conductivity, as well as excellent surface and optical feature through chemical marking, have received great deal of attention by many researchers. This book collects new advances of this interesting nanomaterial.

Functionalizing Graphene and Carbon Nanotubes

Functionalizing Graphene and Carbon Nanotubes Book
Author : Filipe Vargas Ferreira,Luciana De Simone Cividanes,Felipe Sales Brito,Beatriz Rossi Canuto de Menezes,Wesley Franceschi,Evelyn Alves Nunes Simonetti,Gilmar Patrocínio Thim
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-08-22
ISBN : 3319351109
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book compiles all current information on the different types of functionalization of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and graphene, both covalent and non-covalent. The book starts with a general overview of the synthesis, characterization and application of functionalized CNTs and graphene. Special attention is dedicated to the characterization of functionalized materials, a topic rarely addressed on the literature. The authors provide a comparison between the functionalization of these two types of carbon materials.

Study of Environmentally Friendly and Facile Functionalization of Graphene Nanoplatelet and Its Application in Convective Heat Transfer

Study of Environmentally Friendly and Facile Functionalization of Graphene Nanoplatelet and Its Application in Convective Heat Transfer Book
Author : N.A
Publisher :
Release : 2017
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Highlights: Highly stable nanofluid was synthesized by an eco-friendly functionalization method. The success of functionalization process was verified by characterization techniques. Remarkable thermo-physical properties and heat transfer coefficient were obtained. Abstract: The chemical functionalization of carbon-based nanomaterial typically involves toxic and corrosive inorganic acids that are harmful to environment and human health. In this study, an environmentally friendly, facile and cost effective procedure for synthesizing a novel and highly dispersed functionalized graphene nanoplatelets (GNPs) nanofluids for use as a heat transfer fluids was developed. In the new approach, GNPs were functionalized covalently with Gallic Acid (GA) in a one-pot free radical grafting method. The Gallic acid-treated graphene nanoplatelets (GAGNPs) were dispersed in distilled water (DI water) with different weight concentrations to prepare GAGNPs-water nanofluids (nano-coolants). The effectiveness of the functionalization process was verified by the Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The UV–visible absorption spectroscopy was used to show a sustained stability of nanoparticles. Thermo-physical and rheological properties of GAGNPs aqueous suspensions with different weight concentrations were experimentally investigated. This was followed by measurement of the convective heat transfer coefficient, Nusselt number and friction factor for fully developed turbulent flow of GAGNPs nanofluids at a constant heat flux. The experimental results were compared with those of the base fluid. The GAGNPs nanofluids showed a significant increase in the convective heat transfer coefficient and Nusselt number, while the increases in the friction factor and pumping power were small. Furthermore, the comparison showed that the overall performance index was higher than 1. The novel and eco-friendly GAGNPs nanofluids have the potential to be used as highly effective working fluids for various heat transfer applications.

Graphene

Graphene Book
Author : George Wypych
Publisher : ChemTec Publishing
Release : 2019-05-20
ISBN : 1927885515
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Graphene: Important Results and Applications provides an overview on the latest research in graphene production and applications. The most advanced methods of production, including chemical vapor deposition, reduction of graphene oxide, and detonation reaction are explored, as is current research results on the unique nature of graphene and its types, including morphology and thickness, mechanical properties, electrical conductivity, elastic properties of 2D and 3D structures, and more. Chapters covering the dispersion of graphene into the polymer matrix and chemical modifications and their potential applications are also featured. The book concludes with sections focusing on current and future applications. Provides an extensive account on the latest research in methods of production of graphene and its derivatives Covers commercial manufacture, research results, property data and cutting-edge applications Discusses methods of incorporation in graphene products, chemical modifications and projected future uses

Graphene and Its Fascinating Attributes

Graphene and Its Fascinating Attributes Book
Author : Swapan K. Pati,Toshiaki Enoki,Chintamani Nagesa Ramachandra Rao
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2011
ISBN : 9814329355
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Graphene, a single sheet of graphite, has an unconventional electronic structure that can be described in terms of massless Dirac Fermions. This book presents the frontiers of graphene research ranging from important issues in condensed matter physics and chemistry to advanced device applications.

Graphene in Composite Materials

Graphene in Composite Materials Book
Author : Nikhil A. Koratkar
Publisher : DEStech Publications, Inc
Release : 2013
ISBN : 1605950564
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Original monograph discusses graphene within the carbon chemistry alternatives available to materials engineers and explains how it is incorporated into polymer-matrix, as well as ceramic- and metal-matrix composite materials. The book shows how different forms of graphene can be synthesized and then added to polymer composites as main or hybrid nanofillers, with a focus on how graphene affects electrical and mechanical properties. Offers the theory and data necessary to design novel graphene-based composites with unique load-bearing, flammability and wear properties. Throughout, the book lists many newly discovered mechanical, thermal and electrical properties of graphene. Emerging uses of graphene in films, coatings and colloidal suspensions (i.e., graphene with liquid matrices) are also investigated. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- TABLE OF CONTENTS Preface 1. Introduction to Graphene 1.1. Allotropes of Carbon 1.2. Properties of Graphene 1.3. Synthesis of Graphene 1.4. Characterization of Graphene 1.5. Graphene as a Nanofiller in Composites 1.6. References 2. Graphene Polymer Composites: Processing and Characterization of Their Mechanical, Electrical, and Thermal Properties 2.1. Processing and Dispersion of Graphene in Polymers 2.2. Tensile Properties: Young's Modulus and Ultimate Tensile Strength 2.3. Compressive Properties: Buckling Stability 2.4. Fracture Toughness 2.5. Fatigue Resistance 2.6. Toughening Mechanisms 2.7. Characterizing the Graphene/Matrix Interface 2.8. Characterizing the Interphase in Graphene Polymer Composites 2.9. Viscoelastic Properties 2.10. Wear Properties 2.11. Creep 2.12. Electrical Conductivity 2.13. Thermal Conductivity 2.14. Graphene Nanoribbon-based Composites 2.15. References 3. Hybrid Graphene/Microfiber Composites 3.1. Processing of Hierarchical Graphene Composites 3.2. Testing of Hierarchical Graphene Composites 3.3. Conclusion 3.4. References 4. Graphene Ceramic and Graphene Metal-Matrix Composites 4.1. Ceramic Matrix Composites 4.2. Metal Matrix Composites 4.3. References 5. Graphene Colloids and Coatings 5.1. Graphene Oxide Colloids 5.2. Functionalized Graphene Oxide Colloids 5.3. Reduced Graphene Oxide Colloids 5.4. Graphene Colloids Stabilized by Surfactants 5.5. Applications of Graphene Colloids 5.6. References Index

Graphene for Transparent Conductors

Graphene for Transparent Conductors Book
Author : Qingbin Zheng,Jang-Kyo Kim
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-07-01
ISBN : 1493927698
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a systematic presentation of the principles and practices behind the synthesis and functionalization of graphene and grapheme oxide (GO), as well as the fabrication techniques for transparent conductors from these materials. Transparent conductors are used in a wide variety of photoelectronic and photovoltaic devices, such as liquid crystal displays (LCDs), solar cells, optical communication devices, and solid-state lighting. Thin films made from indium tin oxide (ITO) have thus far been the dominant source of transparent conductors, and now account for 50% of indium consumption. However, the price of Indium has increased 1000% in the last 10 years. Graphene, a two-dimensional monolayer of sp2-bonded carbon atoms, has attracted significant interest because of its unique transport properties. Because of their high optical transmittance and electrical conductivity, thin film electrodes made from graphene nanosheets have been considered an ideal candidate to replace expensive ITO films. Graphene for Transparent Conductors offers a systematic presentation of the principles, theories and technical practices behind the structure–property relationship of the thin films, which are the key to the successful development of high-performance transparent conductors. At the same time, the unique perspectives provided in the applications of graphene and GO as transparent conductors will serve as a general guide to the design and fabrication of thin film materials for specific applications.

Graphene

Graphene Book
Author : Stanislav Kolisnychenko
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2015-07-31
ISBN : 3038269522
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As a direct development of nanotechnologies, graphene is the first known crystal that has genuine two-dimensional structure (2D). The diversity of properties of graphene has predetermined a wide range of applications of its use in many areas of scientific and practical activities. The collection “Graphene” consists of papers published by Trans Tech Publications Inc. from 2010 up to 2015 and covers the technology of graphene formation, as well as the application of this unique material to a wide range of technological developments. The papers are presented in nine chapters: Chapter 1: Technologies of Graphene Formation; Chapter 2: Research and Analysis Properties and Quality of Graphene; Chapter 3: Composites and Polymers Based on Graphene; Chapter 4: Research and Development of Films, Fibers, Surface and Coating with Use of Graphene; Chapter 5: Application of Graphene in Photocatalytic Processes and Environmental Engineering; Chapter 6: Graphene in Biomedical Engineering; Chapter 7: Using Graphene in Electronics and Photovoltaics; Chapter 8: Application of Graphene for Sensors and NEMS; Chapter 9: Using of Graphene in Energy Storage, Fuel Cells and Supercapacitors.

Graphene Oxide

Graphene Oxide Book
Author : Ayrat M. Dimiev
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-11-14
ISBN : 1119069408
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Due to its unique properties, graphene oxide has become one of the most studied materials of the last decade and a great variety of applications have been reported in areas such as sensors, catalysis and biomedical applications. This comprehensive volume systematically describes the fundamental aspects and applications of graphene oxide. The book is designed as an introduction to the topic, so each chapter begins with a discussion on fundamental concepts, then proceeds to review and summarize recent advances in the field. Divided into two parts, the first part covers fundamental aspects of graphene oxide and includes chapters on formation and chemical structure, characterization methods, reduction methods, rheology and optical properties of graphene oxide solutions. Part Two covers numerous graphene oxide applications including field effect transistors, transparent conductive films, sensors, energy harvesting and storage, membranes, composite materials, catalysis and biomedical applications. In each case the differences and advantages of graphene oxide over its non-oxidised counterpart are discussed. The book concludes with a chapter on the challenges of industrial-scale graphene oxide production. Graphene Oxide: Fundamentals and Applications is a valuable reference for academic researchers, and industry scientists interested in graphene oxide, graphene and other carbon materials.