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Production Processes Of Renewable Aviation Fuel

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Production Processes of Renewable Aviation Fuel

Production Processes of Renewable Aviation Fuel Book
Author : Claudia Gutiérrez-Antonio,Araceli Guadalupe Romero-Izquierdo,Fernando Israel Gómez Castro,Salvador Hernández
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-01-22
ISBN : 0128231718
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Production Processes of Renewable Aviation Fuel: Present Technologies and Future Trends presents the available production processes for renewable aviation fuel, including the application of intensification and energy integration strategies. Despite biofuels have gained a lot of interest in the last years, renewable aviation fuel is one of the less studied. In the last ten years, there has been an incredible growth in the number of patents and articles related with its production processes. Several transformation pathways have been proposed, and new ones have been outlined. The book contains the main information about the production processes of renewable aviation fuel, considering international standards, available technologies, and recent scientific contributions. It also outlines the motivation for the development of renewable aviation fuel, and its main processing pathways from the different renewable raw materials. In addition, the application of intensification and energy integration strategies is presented, along with the identified future trends in this area Includes the motivation for the development of renewable aviation fuel and applicable standards Describes the processing pathways from biomass to produce renewable aviation fuel Presents the application of intensification and energy integration strategies for the production of renewable aviation fuel The future trends in the production processes of renewable aviation fuel are discussed

Review of Biojet Fuel Conversion Technologies

Review of Biojet Fuel Conversion Technologies Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomass-derived jet (biojet) fuel has become a key element in the aviation industry's strategy to reduce operating costs and environmental impacts. Researchers from the oil-refining industry, the aviation industry, government, biofuel companies, agricultural organizations, and academia are working toward developing commercially viable and sustainable processes that produce long-lasting renewable jet fuels with low production costs and low greenhouse gas emissions. Additionally, jet fuels must meet ASTM International specifications and potentially be a 100% drop-in replacement for the current petroleum jet fuel. The combustion characteristics and engine tests demonstrate the benefits of running the aviation gas turbine with biojet fuels. In this study, the current technologies for producing renewable jet fuels, categorized by alcohols-to-jet, oil-to-jet, syngas-to-jet, and sugar-to-jet pathways, are reviewed. The main challenges for each technology pathway, including feedstock availability, conceptual process design, process economics, life-cycle assessment of greenhouse gas emissions, and commercial readiness, are discussed. Although the feedstock price and availability and energy intensity of the process are significant barriers, biomass-derived jet fuel has the potential to replace a significant portion of conventional jet fuel required to meet commercial and military demand.

Code of Federal Regulations

Code of Federal Regulations Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Special edition of the Federal Register, containing a codification of documents of general applicability and future effect ... with ancillaries.

23 European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering

23 European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering Book
Author : Claudia Gutiérrez-Antonio,Fernando Israel Gómez-Castro,Juan Gabriel Segovia-Hernández,Abel Briones-Ramírez
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-06-10
ISBN : 0128085010
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Aviation sector contributes with 2% of the total CO2 emissions due to human activities. Moreover, predictions estimate that air traffic will duplicate in the next 20 years, with the corresponding increasing in CO2 emissions. The International Air Transport Association (IATA) has established four strategies to reduce CO2 emissions; one strategy is the development of aviation fuel from renewable feedstocks, known as biojet fuel. In 2009 UOP Honeywell received a patent for its process to produce aviation fuel from renewable feedstocks. The process considers the transformation of vegetable oil through hydrogenating, deoxygenating, isomerizing and selective hydrocracking to generate propane and hydrocarbons fuels. The resulting aviation fuel is very similar to the fossil one, with the only difference that the first one does not contain aromatic compounds. Due to this, the ASTM standard established the use of biojet fuel in mixtures with fossil jet fuel with up to 50% of the bio-fuel. Also, it is important to remark that in this moment the process of UOP Honeywell is the only one certified for the production of aviation fuel from renewable feedstocks. In this work we propose a model for the production of biojet fuel, obtaining an estimation of the conversion of the reactions of the process of UOP Honeywell. Also, the optimization of the purification stage is performed using a multiobjective genetic algorithm with constraints, which is coupled to Aspen Plus process simulator, in order to generate results considering the complete models of the process. Results show a high conversion of the vegetable oil (castor oil) to biofuels (biojet fuel and green diesel); also, energy can be generated in the process as result of the conditioning of the stream that is fed to the distillation train.

Countdown to Kyoto Parts I III

Countdown to Kyoto  Parts I III Book
Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science. Subcommittee on Energy and Environment
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1998
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Countdown to Kyoto Parts I III book written by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science. Subcommittee on Energy and Environment, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Federal Register

Federal Register Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2013-02
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Federal Register book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Process Systems Engineering for Biofuels Development

Process Systems Engineering for Biofuels Development Book
Author : Adrian Bonilla-Petriciolet,Gade Pandu Rangaiah
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-08-06
ISBN : 1119580331
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive overview of current developments and applications in biofuels production Process Systems Engineering for Biofuels Development brings together the latest and most cutting-edge research on the production of biofuels. As the first book specifically devoted to process systems engineering for the production of biofuels, Process Systems Engineering for Biofuels Development covers theoretical, computational and experimental issues in biofuels process engineering. Written for researchers and postgraduate students working on biomass conversion and sustainable process design, as well as industrial practitioners and engineers involved in process design, modeling and optimization, this book is an indispensable guide to the newest developments in areas including: Enzyme-catalyzed biodiesel production Process analysis of biodiesel production (including kinetic modeling, simulation and optimization) The use of ultrasonification in biodiesel production Thermochemical processes for biomass transformation to biofuels Production of alternative biofuels In addition to the comprehensive overview of the subject of biofuels found in the Introduction of the book, the authors of various chapters have provided extensive discussions of the production and separation of biofuels via novel applications and techniques.

United States Code Congressional and Administrative News

United States Code Congressional and Administrative News Book
Author : United States
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download United States Code Congressional and Administrative News book written by United States, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Transport Energy and CO2

Transport  Energy and CO2 Book
Author : International Energy Agency,Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Publisher : Organization for Economic
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Car ownership is set to triple by 2050, trucking activity will double and air travel could increase fourfold. This book examines how to enable mobility without accelerating climate change. it finds that if changes are made to the way people travel, adoption of technologies to improve vehicle efficiency and a shift to low-CO2 fuels, it is possible to move onto a different pathway where transport CO2 emissions by 2050 are far below current levels, at costs that are lower than many assume. the report discusses the prospects for shifting more travel to the most efficient modes and reducing travel growth rates, improving vehicle fuel efficiency by up to 50% using cost-effective, incremental technologies, and moving toward electricity, hydrogen, and advanced biofuels to achieve a more secure and sustainable transport future. If governments implement strong policies to achieve this scenario, transport can play its role and dramatically reduce CO2 emissions by 2050.

Production of Soladiesel RD from Cellulosic Feedstocks

Production of Soladiesel RD   from Cellulosic Feedstocks Book
Author : Penelope R. Chua,Solazyme, Inc
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Production of Soladiesel RD from Cellulosic Feedstocks book written by Penelope R. Chua,Solazyme, Inc, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

New Scientist

New Scientist Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download New Scientist book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Biokerosene

Biokerosene Book
Author : Martin Kaltschmitt,Ulf Neuling
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-08-09
ISBN : 3662530651
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a detailed overview of aspects related to the overall provision chain for biokerosene as part of the global civil aviation business. Starting with a review of the current market situation for aviation fuels and airplanes and their demands, it then presents in-depth descriptions of classical and especially new types of non-edible biomass feedstock suitable for biokerosene provision. Subsequent chapters discuss those fuel provision processes that are already available and those still under development based on various biomass feedstock materials, and present e.g. an overview of the current state of the art in the production of a liquid biomass-based fuel fulfilling the specifications for kerosene. Further, given the growing interest of the aviation industry and airlines in biofuels for aviation, the experiences of an air-carrier are presented. In closing, the book provides a market outlook for biokerosene. Addressing a broad range of aspects related to the pros and cons of biokerosene as a renewable fuel for aviation, the book offers a unique resource.

Cities Towns Renewable Energy

Cities  Towns   Renewable Energy Book
Author : Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development,International Energy Agency
Publisher : Organization for Economic
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book includes several case studies chosen to illustrate how enhanced deployment of renewable energy projects can result from local policy regardless of a community's size or location.

Energy

Energy Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1982
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A selection of annotated references to unclassified reports and journal articles that were introduced into the NASA scientific and technical information system and announced in Scientific and technical aerospace reports (STAR) and International aerospace abstracts (IAA).

Energy A Continuing Bibliography with Indexes

Energy  A Continuing Bibliography with Indexes Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1982
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Energy A Continuing Bibliography with Indexes book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

ICAO Journal

ICAO Journal Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Official magazine of international civil aviation.

The Aeronautical Journal

The Aeronautical Journal Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1977
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Aeronautical Journal book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Biofuels for Aviation

Biofuels for Aviation Book
Author : Christopher Chuck
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-06-02
ISBN : 0128032154
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biofuels for Aviation: Feedstocks, Technology and Implementation presents the issues surrounding the research and use of biofuels for aviation, such as policy, markets, certification and performance requirements, life cycle assessment, and the economic and technical barriers to their full implementation. Readers involved in bioenergy and aviation sectors—research, planning, or policy making activities—will benefit from this thorough overview. The aviation industry’s commitment to reducing GHG emissions along with increasing oil prices have sparked the need for renewable and affordable energy sources tailored to this sector’s very specific needs. As jet engines cannot be readily electrified, turning to biofuels is the most viable option. However, aviation is a type of transportation for which traditional biofuels, such as bioethanol and biodiesel, do not fulfill key fuel requirements. Therefore, different solutions to this situation are being researched and tested around the globe, which makes navigating this scenario particularly challenging. This book guides readers through this intricate subject, bringing them up to speed with its current status and future prospects both from the academic and the industry point of view. Science and technology chapters delve into the technical aspects of the currently tested and the most promising technology in development, as well as their respective feedstocks and the use of additives as a way of adapting them to meet certain specifications. Conversion processes such as hydrotreatment, synthetic biology, pyrolysis, hydrothermal liquefaction and Fisher-Tropsch are explored and their results are assessed for current and future viability. Presents the current status of biofuels for the aviation sector, including technologies that are currently in use and the most promising future technologies, their production processes and viability Explains the requirements for certification and performance of aviation fuels and how that can be achieved by biofuels Explores the economic and policy issues, as well as life cycle assessment, a comparative techno-economic analysis of promising technologies and a roadmap to the future Explores conversion processes such as hydrotreatment, synthetic biology, pyrolysis, hydrothermal liquefaction and Fisher-Tropsch

Hydrocarbon Processing Petroleum Refiner

Hydrocarbon Processing   Petroleum Refiner Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1942
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Hydrocarbon Processing Petroleum Refiner book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.