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Producers Consumers And Partial Equilibrium

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Producers Consumers and Partial Equilibrium

Producers  Consumers  and Partial Equilibrium Book
Author : David Mandy
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-11-04
ISBN : 9780128110232
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Producers, Consumers, and Partial Equilibrium provides a systematic and accessible presentation of the full formal details in the core theories of producer and consumer choice under conditions of price taking; and covers the standard theories of competitive, monopoly, and oligopoly partial equilibrium among these economic actors. The book pulls together foundational content from many classic sources and organizes it in a self-contained format that rigidly adheres to optimization as the central behavioral postulate and analytical tool for economic theory. The book maintains a sharp focus on the properties of outcomes from optimizing behavior in varying environments. These properties are the refutable hypotheses from each optimization behavioral postulate, and they form the core content of this positive economic theory. In so doing, the book presents and documents the underlying formal structure of the theory with a higher degree of integration and completeness than is typical of Ph.D. textbooks in microeconomics. Includes comprehensive, focused and unified coverage of the mathematics required for the core theories of producer and consumer choice, and partial equilibrium Presents a generalized envelope theorem as a key source of refutable hypotheses Delineates the role of active versus inactive constraints in generating refutable hypotheses Discusses convex functions in economic optimization environments Presents the full formal details of core producer and consumer and producer theory in a unified and systematic manner Emphasizes the refutable hypotheses resulting from behavioral postulates and the completeness (duality) of those hypotheses for the postulated behavior within microeconomics Includes end-of-chapter exercises, full index, and an instructor's solutions manual Includes a concordance that matches its chapters with those of major textbooks

Producers Consumers and Partial Equilibrium

Producers  Consumers  and Partial Equilibrium Book
Author : David Mandy
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-11-26
ISBN : 0128110244
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Producers, Consumers, and Partial Equilibrium provides a systematic and accessible presentation of the full formal details in the core theories of producer and consumer choice under conditions of price taking; and covers the standard theories of competitive, monopoly, and oligopoly partial equilibrium among these economic actors. The book pulls together foundational content from many classic sources and organizes it in a self-contained format that rigidly adheres to optimization as the central behavioral postulate and analytical tool for economic theory. The book maintains a sharp focus on the properties of outcomes from optimizing behavior in varying environments. These properties are the refutable hypotheses from each optimization behavioral postulate, and they form the core content of this positive economic theory. In so doing, the book presents and documents the underlying formal structure of the theory with a higher degree of integration and completeness than is typical of Ph.D. textbooks in microeconomics. Includes comprehensive, focused and unified coverage of the mathematics required for the core theories of producer and consumer choice, and partial equilibrium Presents a generalized envelope theorem as a key source of refutable hypotheses Delineates the role of active versus inactive constraints in generating refutable hypotheses Discusses convex functions in economic optimization environments Presents the full formal details of core producer and consumer and producer theory in a unified and systematic manner Emphasizes the refutable hypotheses resulting from behavioral postulates and the completeness (duality) of those hypotheses for the postulated behavior within microeconomics Includes end-of-chapter exercises, full index, and an instructor’s solutions manual Includes a concordance that matches its chapters with those of major textbooks

Introduction to Computable General Equilibrium Models

Introduction to Computable General Equilibrium Models Book
Author : Mary E. Burfisher
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2017-02
ISBN : 1107132207
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book provides a hands-on introduction to computable general equilibrium (CGE) models, written at an accessible, undergraduate level.

Spatial Analysis and Planning under Imprecision

Spatial Analysis and Planning under Imprecision Book
Author : Y. Leung
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 1483290093
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book deals with complexity, imprecision, human valuation, and uncertainty in spatial analysis and planning, providing a systematic exposure of a new philosophical and theoretical foundation for spatial analysis and planning under imprecision. Regional concepts and regionalization, spatial preference-utility-choice structures, spatial optimization with single and multiple objectives, dynamic spatial systems and their controls are analyzed in sequence. The analytical framework is based on fuzzy set theory. Basic concepts of fuzzy set theory are first discussed. Many numerical examples and empirical studies are provided to substantiate the theoretical arguments and empirical relevance of this approach. The book provides a more comprehensive perspective on uncertainty and a flexible framework for analysis in the real world, for problems such as commonly encountered spatial problems, urban and regional economic problems, and planning problems. Though the treatment is unconventional, it generally includes conventional analyses as special cases.

Handbook of Research Methods and Applications in Economic Geography

Handbook of Research Methods and Applications in Economic Geography Book
Author : Charlie Karlsson,Martin Andersson,Therese Norman
Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
Release : 2015-02-27
ISBN : 0857932675
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The main purpose of this Handbook is to provide overviews and assessments of the state-of-the-art regarding research methods, approaches and applications central to economic geography. The chapters are written by distinguished researchers from a variet

Natural Resources as Capital

Natural Resources as Capital Book
Author : Larry Karp
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2017-10-27
ISBN : 0262534053
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An introduction to the concepts and tools of natural resource economics, including dynamic models, market failures, and institutional remedies. This introduction to natural resource economics treats resources as a type of capital; their management is an investment problem requiring forward-looking behavior within a dynamic setting. Market failures are widespread, often associated with incomplete or nonexistent property rights, complicated by policy failures. The book covers standard resource economics topics, including both the Hotelling model for nonrenewable resources and models for renewable resources. The book also includes some topics in environmental economics that overlap with natural resource economics, including climate change. The text emphasizes skills and intuition needed to think about dynamic models and institutional remedies in the presence of both market and policy failures. It presents the nuts and bolts of resource economics as applied to nonrenewable resources, including the two-period model, stock-dependent costs, and resource scarcity. The chapters on renewable resources cover such topics as property rights as an alternative to regulation, the growth function, steady states, and maximum sustainable yield, using fisheries as a concrete setting. Other, less standard, topics covered include microeconomic issues such as arbitrage and the use of discounting; policy problems including the “Green Paradox”; foundations for policy analysis when market failures are important; and taxation. Appendixes offer reviews of the relevant mathematics. The book is suitable for use by upper-level undergraduates or, with the appendixes, masters-level courses.

International Economics

International Economics Book
Author : Hendrik Van den Berg
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-11-17
ISBN : 1317370651
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Now in its third edition, Hendrik Van den Berg’s International Economics: A Heterodox Approach covers all of the standard topics taught in undergraduate international economics courses. Written in a friendly and approachable style, this new edition is unique in that it presents the key orthodox neoclassical models of international trade and investment, while supplementing them with a variety of heterodox approaches. This pluralist approach is intended to give economics students a more realistic understanding of the international economy than standard textbooks can provide. Changes to the new edition include: updates throughout to reflect recent world events, including coverage of trade negotiations and the Greek crisis; expanded discussion of pluralist approaches with more coverage of alternative schools of thought; discussions of the growing financialization of global economic activity; additional real-world examples; increased coverage of environmental issues; transnational corporations and their behavior in the international economy; the difference between international investment and international finance; and monetary history; a consolidated and updated chapter on international banking. This book also maintains a broad perspective that links economic activity to the social and natural spheres of human activity, with emphasis on the distributional and environmental effects of international trade, investment, finance, and migration. Chapter summaries, key terms and concepts, problems and questions, and a glossary are included in the book. A Student Study Guide and an Instructor’s Manual are available online.

Plant Pest Risk Analysis

Plant Pest Risk Analysis Book
Author : Christina Devorshak
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2012
ISBN : 9781780641997
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text provides instruction on the concepts and application of risk analysis in the field of regulatory plant protection, covering topics such as the background on why and how risk analysis is conducted and specific methods for implementing risk analysis. This book also provides useful exercises and case studies to aid students of plant pathology and crop protection in their absorption of the subject. Equally useful for practitioners, this book is written by experts with a wealth of national and international experience. Students of plant pathology and crop protection as well as practitione.

Lecture Notes In International Trade Theory Classical Trade And Applications

Lecture Notes In International Trade Theory  Classical Trade And Applications Book
Author : Larry S Karp
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2021-12-08
ISBN : 9811249881
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Lecture Notes in International Trade Theory covers classical international trade models (including the Ricardian, Ricardo Viner, and Heckscher-Ohlin-Samuelson models). The course is designed for M.Sc. and first year PhD students. It relies on both graphical and analytic methods, requiring only intermediate microeconomics and a solid grounding in calculus. The material emphasizes 'second-best' settings, where markets are imperfect. The goal is to equip students with a good enough understanding of open-economy general equilibrium relations that they understand how distortions ripple across different markets, e.g. commodity and factor markets. The Author applies these ideas to environmental and natural resource problems, including pollution 'leakage' (where pollution reductions in one country are offset by trading partners' increased pollution) and imperfect property rights. Other applications include the general equilibrium effects of commodity and trade taxes, international transfers (the 'transfer problem'), minimum wage constraints, and immiserizing growth. The Author assumes that students have some experience in formulating and answering comparative statics questions in an optimization setting. Building on these skills, and developing the idea of stability in an equilibrium setting (the Marshall Lerner condition), students learn how to formulate and answer comparative static questions in trade models.

Revolution Or Renaissance

Revolution Or Renaissance Book
Author : D. Paul Schafer
Publisher : University of Ottawa Press
Release : 2008-04-29
ISBN : 0776617737
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In Revolution or Renaissance, D. Paul Schafer subjects two of the most powerful forces in the world – economics and culture – to a detailed and historically sensitive analysis. He argues that the economic age has produced a great deal of wealth and unleashed tremendous productive power; however, it is not capable of coming to grips with the problems threatening human and non-human life on this planet. After tracing the evolution of the economic age from the publication of Adam Smith's The Wealth of Nations in 1776 to the present, he turns his attention to culture, examining it both as a concept and as a reality. What emerges is a portrait of the world system of the future where culture is the central focus of development. According to Schafer, making the transition from an economic age to a cultural age is imperative if global harmony, environmental sustainability, economic viability, and human well-being are to be achieved.

Measuring the Impact of Distortions in Agricultural Trade in Partial and General Equilibrium

Measuring the Impact of Distortions in Agricultural Trade in Partial and General Equilibrium Book
Author : Stephen Tokarick
Publisher : International Monetary Fund
Release : 2003-05
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This paper provides quantitative estimates of the impact of removing agricultural support (both tariffs and subsidies) in partial- and general-equilibrium frameworks. The results show that agricultural support in industrial countries is highly distortionary and tariffs have a larger distortionary impact than subsidies. Removal of agricultural support would likely raise the international prices of food, resulting in an increase in the cost of food for many net-food- importing countries, although the increase is generally small. The results also show that most of the benefits from removing agricultural support accrue to the countries that liberalize.

Environmental Problems of Central Asia and their Economic Social and Security Impacts

Environmental Problems of Central Asia and their Economic  Social and Security Impacts Book
Author : Jiaguo Qi,Kyle T. Evered
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-10-11
ISBN : 1402089600
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the last 60 years, we have recognized increasingly that our world is connected, and the impacts of environmental catastrophes and economic crises in one region of our world have far-reaching and long-lasting consequences globally. Central Asia is a developing region with great potential, but there are valid concerns that current resource management practices are not sustainable, particularly with regard to the management of water resources. Recent changes in social structures, accompanied by regional climate change, have caused substantial environmental changes leading to security concerns in the region. As a result, the local economy has been significantly impacted to the extent that the potential for social unrest is of great concern. This book explores new technologies and adaptation strategies to mitigate these environmental problems and cope with continued environmental change with the ultimate goal of promoting sustainable growth and improved quality of life in the region.

International Economics A Heterodox Approach

International Economics  A Heterodox Approach Book
Author : Hendrik Van den Berg
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2014-12-18
ISBN : 131746754X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Now in its third edition, this textbook covers all of the standard topics taught in undergraduate International Economics courses. However, the book is unique in that it presents the key orthodox neoclassical models of international trade and investment, whilst supplementing them with a variety of heterodox approaches. This pluralist approach is intended to give economics students a more realistic understanding of the international economy than standard textbooks can provide.

The Encyclopedia of Taxation Tax Policy

The Encyclopedia of Taxation   Tax Policy Book
Author : Joseph J. Cordes,Robert D. Ebel,Jane Gravelle
Publisher : The Urban Insitute
Release : 2005
ISBN : 9780877667520
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"From adjusted gross income to zoning and property taxes, the second edition of The Encyclopedia of Taxation and Tax Policy offers the best and most complete guide to taxes and tax-related issues. More than 150 tax practitioners and administrators, policymakers, and academics have contributed. The result is a unique and authoritative reference that examines virtually all tax instruments used by governments (individual income, corporate income, sales and value-added, property, estate and gift, franchise, poll, and many variants of these taxes), as well as characteristics of a good tax system, budgetary issues, and many current federal, state, local, and international tax policy issues. The new edition has been completely revised, with 40 new topics and 200 articles reflecting six years of legislative changes. Each essay provides the generalist with a quick and reliable introduction to many topics but also gives tax specialists the benefit of other experts' best thinking, in a manner that makes the complex understandable. Reference lists point the reader to additional sources of information for each topic. The first edition of The Encyclopedia of Taxation and Tax Policy was selected as an Outstanding Academic Book of the Year (1999) by Choice magazine."--Publisher's website.

Economic Welfare Analysis

Economic Welfare Analysis Book
Author : Stephen L. Haley,Praveen M. Dixit
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1988
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Economic Welfare Analysis book written by Stephen L. Haley,Praveen M. Dixit, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Public Finance

Public Finance Book
Author : Richard W. Tresch
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2022-02-01
ISBN : 0323984150
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The welfare aspects of public economics will receive extensively renewed examination in this Third Edition. With four new chapters and other significant revisions, it will present detailed and comprehensive coverage of theoretical literature, empirical work, environmental issues, social insurance, behavioral economics, and international tax issues. With increased emphasis on the European Union, it will be rigid enough for use by Ph.D.'s while being accessible to student less well trained in math. Public Finance remains the premier textbook on the normative theory of government policy, with the Third Edition propelling into the 21st century its examination of what government ought to be doing instead of what it is doing. * Moves skillfully from explaining normative theory to applying it in mathematically compact and precise terms. *Adds four new chapters on social insurance, medical care, social security pensions, behavioral public economics, and international public finance. *Includes new pedagogical supplements, including end-of-chapter questions and answers. *Emphasizes European examples

International Trade and Finance

International Trade and Finance Book
Author : Peter B. Kenen
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2008-07-10
ISBN : 0521068746
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The nine papers in this volume were written for a conference on research in international trade and finance held at Princeton University in March 1973. Each author was asked to survey research on one major topic, with a view to answering three questions: What have we learned from recent empirical research? What are the major gaps in present knowledge? How should we go about filling those gaps? When answering the second question, authors were urged to look at the practical requirements of those who must make policy concerning the international economy, and at the opportunities and insights offered by recent developments in pure theory. When answering the third, they were urged to look at developments in econometric technique, newly available data, and work in progress in related fields.

A Survey of Theoretical and Empirical Literature Related to Export Assistance

A Survey of Theoretical and Empirical Literature Related to Export Assistance Book
Author : Ann Hillberg Seitzinger,P. L. Paarlberg
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1989
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download A Survey of Theoretical and Empirical Literature Related to Export Assistance book written by Ann Hillberg Seitzinger,P. L. Paarlberg, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Applications on Advanced Architecture Computers

Applications on Advanced Architecture Computers Book
Author : Greg Astfalk
Publisher : SIAM
Release : 1996-01-01
ISBN : 0898713684
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume conveniently brings together updated versions of 30 articles that originally appeared in SIAM News from 1990 to 1995. The objective of the column from which the articles are taken is to present applications that have been successfully treated on advanced architecture computers. Astfalk edits this popular series of articles in SIAM's flagship publication, SIAM News. Algorithmic issues addressed are those which have found general use in building parallel codes for solving problems. In addition to updates that reflect advances and changes in the field of applications on advanced architecture computers, Astfalk has added an index and introductory comments to each article, making this book cohesive and interesting to practitioners and researchers alike.

User s Guide to RMM Software

User s Guide to RMM Software Book
Author : J. Ross Arnold
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1991
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download User s Guide to RMM Software book written by J. Ross Arnold, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.