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Process Safety Calculations

Process Safety Calculations Book
Author : Renato Benintendi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-10-31
ISBN : 0081012292
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Process Safety Calculations is an essential guide for process safety engineers involved in calculating and predicting risks and consequences. The book focuses on calculation procedures based on basic chemistry, thermodynamics, fluid dynamics, conservation equations, kinetics and practical models. This book provides helpful calculations to demonstrate compliance with regulations and standards. Standards such as Seveso directive(s)/COMAH, CLP regulation, ATEX directives, PED directives, REACH regulation, OSHA/NIOSH and UK ALARP are covered, along with risk and consequence assessment, stoichiometry, thermodynamics, stress analysis and fluid-dynamics. Includes realistic engineering models with validation from CFD modeling and/or industry testing Provides an introduction into basic principles that govern process relationships in modern industry Helps the reader find and apply the right principles to the specific problem being solved, mitigated or validated

Process Safety Calculations

Process Safety Calculations Book
Author : Renato Benintendi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-03-02
ISBN : 0128235179
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Process Safety Calculations, Second Edition remains to be an essential guide for students and practitioners in process safety engineering who are working on calculating and predicting risks and consequences. The book focuses on calculation procedures based on basic chemistry, thermodynamics, fluid dynamics, conservation equations, kinetics and practical models. It provides helpful calculations to demonstrate compliance with regulations and standards, such as Seveso directive(s)/COMAH, CLP regulation, ATEX directives, PED directives, REACH regulation, OSHA/NIOSH and UK ALARP, along with risk and consequence assessment, stoichiometry, thermodynamics, stress analysis and fluid-dynamics. This fully revised, updated and expanded second edition follows the same organization as the first, including the original three main parts, Fundamentals, Consequence Assessment and Quantitative Risk Assessment. However, the latter part is significantly expanded, including an appendix consisting of five fundamental thematic areas belonging to the risk assessment framework, including in-depth calculations methodologies for some fundamental monothematic macro-areas of process safety. Revised, updated and expanded new edition that includes newly developing areas of process safety that are relevant to QRA Provides engineering fundamentals to enable readers to properly approach the subject of process safety Includes a remarkable and broad numbers of calculation examples, which are completely resolved and fully explained Develops the QRA subject, consistently with the methodology applied in the big projects

Guidelines for Risk Based Process Safety

Guidelines for Risk Based Process Safety Book
Author : CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-11-30
ISBN : 111820963X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Guidelines for Risk Based Process Safety provides guidelines for industries that manufacture, consume, or handle chemicals, by focusing on new ways to design, correct, or improve process safety management practices. This new framework for thinking about process safety builds upon the original process safety management ideas published in the early 1990s, integrates industry lessons learned over the intervening years, utilizes applicable "total quality" principles (i.e., plan, do, check, act), and organizes it in a way that will be useful to all organizations - even those with relatively lower hazard activities - throughout the life-cycle of a company.

Fundamentals of Process Safety Engineering

Fundamentals of Process Safety Engineering Book
Author : Samarendra Kumar Biswas,Umesh Mathur,Swapan Kumar Hazra
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-08-16
ISBN : 100042457X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook covers the essential aspects of process safety engineering in a practical and comprehensive manner. It provides readers with an understanding of process safety hazards in the refining and petrochemical industries and how to manage them in a reliable and professional manner. It covers the most important concepts: static electricity, intensity of thermal radiation, thermodynamics of fluid phase equilibria, boiling liquid expanding vapor explosion (BLEVE), emission source models, hazard identification methods, risk control and methods for achieving manufacturing excellence while also focusing on safety. Extensive case studies are included. Aimed at senior undergraduate and graduate chemical engineering students and practicing engineers, this book covers process safety principles and engineering practice authoritatively, with comprehensive examples: • Fundamentals, methods, and procedures for the industrial practice of process safety engineering. • The thermodynamic fundamentals and computational methods for release rates from ruptures in pipelines, vessels, and relief valves. • Fundamentals of static electricity hazards and their mitigation. • Quantitative assessment of fires and explosions. • Principles of dispersion calculations for toxic or flammable gases and vapors. • Methods of qualitative and quantitative risk assessment and control.

Process Safety

Process Safety Book
Author : Pol Hoorelbeke
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2021-05-24
ISBN : 3110632225
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The author describes the history of industrial safety and the emergence of process safety as an engineering discipline in the 20th century. The book sheds light on the difference between:

Multiscale Modeling for Process Safety Applications

Multiscale Modeling for Process Safety Applications Book
Author : Arnab Chakrabarty,Sam Mannan,Tahir Cagin
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2015-11-29
ISBN : 0123972833
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Multiscale Modeling for Process Safety Applications is a new reference demonstrating the implementation of multiscale modeling techniques on process safety applications. It is a valuable resource for readers interested in theoretical simulations and/or computer simulations of hazardous scenarios. As multi-scale modeling is a computational technique for solving problems involving multiple scales, such as how a flammable vapor cloud might behave if ignited, this book provides information on the fundamental topics of toxic, fire, and air explosion modeling, as well as modeling jet and pool fires using computational fluid dynamics. The book goes on to cover nanomaterial toxicity, QPSR analysis on relation of chemical structure to flash point, molecular structure and burning velocity, first principle studies of reactive chemicals, water and air reactive chemicals, and dust explosions. Chemical and process safety professionals, as well as faculty and graduate researchers, will benefit from the detailed coverage provided in this book. Provides the only comprehensive source addressing the use of multiscale modeling in the context of process safety Bridges multiscale modeling with process safety, enabling the reader to understand mapping between problem detail and effective usage of resources Presents an overall picture of addressing safety problems in all levels of modeling and the latest approaches to each in the field Features worked out examples, case studies, and a question bank to aid understanding and involvement for the reader

CHEMICAL PROCESS CALCULATIONS

CHEMICAL PROCESS CALCULATIONS Book
Author : D. C. SIKDAR
Publisher : PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
Release : 2013-05-22
ISBN : 812034782X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Keeping the importance of basic tools of process calculations—material balance and energy balance—in mind, the text prepares the students to formulate material and energy balance theory on chemical process systems. It also demonstrates how to solve the main process-related problems that crop up in chemical engineering practice. The chapters are organized in a way that enables the students to acquire an in-depth understanding of the subject. The emphasis is given to the units and conversions, basic concepts of calculations, material balance with/without chemical reactions, and combustion of fuels and energy balances. Apart from numerous illustrations, the book contains numerous solved problems and exercises which bridge the gap between theoretical learning and practical implementation. All the numerical problems are solved with block diagrams to reinforce the understanding of the concepts. Primarily intended as a text for the undergraduate students of chemical engineering, it will also be useful for other allied branches of chemical engineering such as polymer science and engineering and petroleum engineering. KEY FEATURES • Methods of calculation for stoichiometric proportions with practical examples from the Industry • Simplified method of solving numerical problems under material balance with and without chemical reactions • Conversions of chemical engineering equations from one unit to another • Solution of fuel and combustion, and energy balance problems using tabular column

Evaluating Process Safety in the Chemical Industry

Evaluating Process Safety in the Chemical Industry Book
Author : J. S. Arendt,D K. Lorenzo
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2010-08-27
ISBN : 0470935456
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Quantitative Risk Analysis is a powerful tool used to help manage risk and improve safety. When used appropriately, it provides a rational basis for evaluating process safety and comparing alternative safety improvements. This guide, an update of an earlier American Chemistry Council (ACC) publication utilizing the "hands-on" experience of CPI risk assessment practitioners and safety professionals involved with the CCPS and ACC, explains how managers and users can make better-informed decisions about QRA, and how plant engineers and process designers can better understand, interpret and use the results of a QRA in their plant.

Process Safety and Big Data

Process Safety and Big Data Book
Author : Sagit Valeev,Natalya Kondratyeva
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-02-18
ISBN : 0128220678
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Process Safety and Big Data discusses the principles of process safety and advanced information technologies. It explains how these principles are applied to the process industry and provides examples of applications in process safety control and decision support systems. This book helps to address problems that researchers face in industry that are the result of increased process complexity and that have an impact on safety issues. It shows ways to tackle these safety issues by implementing modern information technologies, such as big data analysis and artificial intelligence. It provides an integrated approach to modern information technologies used in control and management of process safety in industry. The book also considers indicators and criteria in effective safety decisions, and addresses the issue of how big data would provide support for improved, autonomous, data-driven decisions. Paves the way for the digital transformation of safety science and safety management Takes a system approach to advanced information technologies used in process safety Applies big data technologies to process safety Includes multiple pertinent case studies

STOICHIOMETRY AND PROCESS CALCULATIONS

STOICHIOMETRY AND PROCESS CALCULATIONS Book
Author : K. V. NARAYANAN,B. LAKSHMIKUTTY
Publisher : PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
Release : 2006-01-01
ISBN : 8120329929
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook is designed for undergraduate courses in chemical engineering and related disciplines such as biotechnology, polymer technology, petrochemical engineering, electrochemical engineering, environmental engineering, safety engineering and industrial chemistry. The chief objective of this text is to prepare students to make analysis of chemical processes through calculations and also to develop in them systematic problem-solving skills. The students are introduced not only to the application of law of combining proportions to chemical reactions (as the word ‘stoichiometry’ implies) but also to formulating and solving material and energy balances in processes with and without chemical reactions. The book presents the fundamentals of chemical engineering operations and processes in an accessible style to help the students gain a thorough understanding of chemical process calculations. It also covers in detail the background materials such as units and conversions, dimensional analysis and dimensionless groups, property estimation, P-V-T behaviour of fluids, vapour pressure and phase equilibrium relationships, humidity and saturation. With the help of examples, the book explains the construction and use of reference-substance plots, equilibrium diagrams, psychrometric charts, steam tables and enthalpy composition diagrams. It also elaborates on thermophysics and thermochemistry to acquaint the students with the thermodynamic principles of energy balance calculations. Key Features : • SI units are used throughout the book. • Presents a thorough introduction to basic chemical engineering principles. • Provides many worked-out examples and exercise problems with answers. • Objective type questions included at the end of the book serve as useful review material and also assist the students in preparing for competitive examinations such as GATE.

Process Calculations

Process Calculations Book
Author : V. Venkataramani,N. Anantharaman,K. M. Meera Sheriffa Begum
Publisher : PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
Release : 2011
ISBN : 9788120341999
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Process Calculations book written by V. Venkataramani,N. Anantharaman,K. M. Meera Sheriffa Begum, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Guidelines for Determining the Probability of Ignition of a Released Flammable Mass

Guidelines for Determining the Probability of Ignition of a Released Flammable Mass Book
Author : CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-06-26
ISBN : 1118870344
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Complemented by an estimating tool spreadsheet based on a fixed set of chemicals to assist in risk estimations, Probability of Ignition of a Released Flammable Mass converts a "best guess" to a calculated value based on available information and current technology. The text documents and explains the science and background of the technology-based approach. The tool, when populated with appropriate data, yields an estimate of the probability that a defined release of a flammable material will ignite if exposed to an ignition source. This information can be used to make risk assessments with a higher degree of confidence than estimates made before and it provides valuable information for use in the development of a facility's Emergency Response Plan.

A Guide to Compliance for Process Safety Management Risk Management Planning PSM RMP

A Guide to Compliance for Process Safety Management Risk Management Planning  PSM RMP  Book
Author : Frank R. Spellman
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1998-06-03
ISBN : 9781566765336
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Establishing, maintaining and refining a comprehensive Process Safety Management (PSM) and Risk Management Program (RMP) is a daunting task. The regulations are complicated and difficult to understand. The resources available to manage your program are limited. Your plant could be the target of a grueling PSM and RMP compliance audit by OSHA and/or the EPA, which could scrutinize your facility according to their stringent audit guidelines. Ask yourself some questions. . . * Is your municipal plant or industrial facility ready to meet new OSHA and EPA PSM/RMP regulations? * Do you understand OSHA's and EPA's requirements? * Do you know how OSHA/EPA are interpreting PSM/RMP requirements? * Are you prepared for a possible audit? * Is your existing PSM/RMP comprehensive, maintainable and cost-effective? If you answered "no" to any of these, you need the expert guidance provided by A Guide to Compliance for Process Safety Management/Risk Management Planning (PSM/RMP) In recent years, chemical accidents that involved the release of toxic substances have claimed the lives of hundreds of employees and thousands of others worldwide. In order to prevent repeat occurrences of catastrophic chemical incidents, OSHA and the USEPA have joined forces to bring about the OSHA Process Safety Management Standard (PSM) and the USEPA Risk Management Program (RMP). Chemical disaster situations can occur due to human error in system operation and/or a malfunction in system equipment. Other emergency situations that must also be considered and planned for include fire, floods, hurricanes, earthquakes, tornadoes, snow/ice storms, avalanches, explosions, truck accidents, train derailments, airplane crashes, building collapses, riots, bomb threats, terrorism, and sabotage. Be prepared! * Determine the differences and similarities between OSHA's PSM and EPA's RMP regulations * Survey your facility to determine your needs * Plug your site-specific data into regulation templates * Prepare your data records for your PSM compliance package * Calculate your "Worst Case" scenarios * Assemble a viable PSM program in a logical, sequential, and correct manner * Supervise program implementation elements with the overall management system This user friendly, plain English, straightforward guide to new EPA and OSHA regulations describes, explains and demonstrates a tested, proven, workable methodology for installation of complete, correct safety and risk programs. It provides the public administrator, plant manager, plant engineer, and organization safety professionals with the tool needed to ensure full compliance with the requirements of both regulations. Those with interests in HazMat response and mitigation procedures will also find it of use. This guidebook is designed to be applicable to the needs of most operations involved in the production, use, transfer, storage, and processing of hazardous materials. It addresses Process Safety Management and Risk Management Planning for facilities handling hazardous materials, and describes the activities and approach to use within U.S. plants and companies of all sizes. From the Author This guidebook is designed to enable the water, wastewater, and general industry person who has been assigned the task of complying with these new rules to accomplish this compliance effort in the easiest most accurate manner possible. A Guide to Compliance for Process Safety Management/Risk Management Planning (PSM/RMP) is user-friendly. This How-To-Do-It guide will assist those who are called upon to design, develop, and install PSM and RMP systems within their companies or plants. It describes, explains, and demonstrates a proven methodology: an example that actually works and has been tested. More than anything else, this guidebook really is a "Template." It provides a pattern that can be used to devise a compliance package that is accurate. Simply stated: like the standard template, this guidebook can provide the foundation, the border, the framework from which any covered organization's PSM and RMP effort can be brought into proper compliance. The user simply "plugs in" site specific information into the model presented in this guidebook. This guidebook first shows that PSM and RMP are similar and are interrelated in many ways and different in only a few ways. Many of the processes listed in PSM are also listed in RMP; the additional RMP processes are in industry sectors that have a significant accident history Along with showing the similarities and interrelationships between PSM and RMP, the requirements of RMP that are in addition to those listed in PSM are discussed. This guidebook also discusses the RMP requirement for off-site consequence analysis and the methodology that can be utilized in performing it. If the PSM project team follows this format, it will be able to assemble a viable PSM program in a logical, sequential, and correct manner.

Handbook of Chemical Compound Data for Process Safety

Handbook of Chemical Compound Data for Process Safety Book
Author : Carl L. Yaws
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1997-03-25
ISBN : 9780080533391
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides comprehensive safety and health-related data for hydrocarbons and organic chemicals as well as selected data for inorganic chemicals.

Chemical Engineering Design

Chemical Engineering Design Book
Author : Gavin Towler,Ray Sinnott
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-01-25
ISBN : 0080966608
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chemical Engineering Design, Second Edition, deals with the application of chemical engineering principles to the design of chemical processes and equipment. Revised throughout, this edition has been specifically developed for the U.S. market. It provides the latest US codes and standards, including API, ASME and ISA design codes and ANSI standards. It contains new discussions of conceptual plant design, flowsheet development, and revamp design; extended coverage of capital cost estimation, process costing, and economics; and new chapters on equipment selection, reactor design, and solids handling processes. A rigorous pedagogy assists learning, with detailed worked examples, end of chapter exercises, plus supporting data, and Excel spreadsheet calculations, plus over 150 Patent References for downloading from the companion website. Extensive instructor resources, including 1170 lecture slides and a fully worked solutions manual are available to adopting instructors. This text is designed for chemical and biochemical engineering students (senior undergraduate year, plus appropriate for capstone design courses where taken, plus graduates) and lecturers/tutors, and professionals in industry (chemical process, biochemical, pharmaceutical, petrochemical sectors). New to this edition: Revised organization into Part I: Process Design, and Part II: Plant Design. The broad themes of Part I are flowsheet development, economic analysis, safety and environmental impact and optimization. Part II contains chapters on equipment design and selection that can be used as supplements to a lecture course or as essential references for students or practicing engineers working on design projects. New discussion of conceptual plant design, flowsheet development and revamp design Significantly increased coverage of capital cost estimation, process costing and economics New chapters on equipment selection, reactor design and solids handling processes New sections on fermentation, adsorption, membrane separations, ion exchange and chromatography Increased coverage of batch processing, food, pharmaceutical and biological processes All equipment chapters in Part II revised and updated with current information Updated throughout for latest US codes and standards, including API, ASME and ISA design codes and ANSI standards Additional worked examples and homework problems The most complete and up to date coverage of equipment selection 108 realistic commercial design projects from diverse industries A rigorous pedagogy assists learning, with detailed worked examples, end of chapter exercises, plus supporting data and Excel spreadsheet calculations plus over 150 Patent References, for downloading from the companion website Extensive instructor resources: 1170 lecture slides plus fully worked solutions manual available to adopting instructors

Rules of Thumb for Chemical Engineers

Rules of Thumb for Chemical Engineers Book
Author : Carl Branan
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9780750675673
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The most complete guide of its kind, this is the standard handbook for chemical and process engineers. All new material on fluid flow, long pipe, fractionators, separators and accumulators, cooling towers, gas treating, blending, troubleshooting field cases, gas solubility, and density of irregular solids. This substantial addition of material will also include conversion tables and a new appendix, “Shortcut Equipment Design Methods.”This convenient volume helps solve field engineering problems with its hundreds of common sense techniques, shortcuts, and calculations. Here, in a compact, easy-to-use format, are practical tips, handy formulas, correlations, curves, charts, tables, and shortcut methods that will save engineers valuable time and effort. Hundreds of common sense techniques and calculations help users quickly and accurately solve day-to-day design, operations, and equipment problems.

Material Balance and Process Calculations A Book for Chemical Engineers and Chemists

Material Balance and Process Calculations  A Book for Chemical Engineers and Chemists Book
Author : Kingsley Augustine
Publisher : Independently Published
Release : 2018-10-07
ISBN : 9781726814959
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook, Material Balance and Process Calculations, has been carefully written to teach you important topics in material balance and process calculations by explaining them with a mindset to fully equip you in the topics. Whether you want this book for general studies of these topics or you want this book to study for an exam, you will find it a very useful tool.This textbook is a mass balance teacher which is suitable for students in universities and students in colleges. It will also serve as a useful tool for direct entry students who are preparing for entrance examinations into colleges and universities. This book is not only for engineering students but also for chemistry students or any student who is offering a course in chemistry.The step by step explanations presented in the worked examples are easy to understand since care was taken to sufficiently explain salient points and process ideas. Efforts have been made to achieve a complete and simplified explanation of every example given in this textbook. Many worked examples have been included in each topic in order to fully cover every complexity the topic might contain. This book will boost your level of understanding of material balance and process calculations. Numerous exercises at the end of each chapter are intended to test students' understanding of the topic. Therefore students are thus presented with an effective means of self-assessment whereby they can determine their individual strengths and revision needs.The topics covered in this eBook include:

Guidelines for Engineering Design for Process Safety

Guidelines for Engineering Design for Process Safety Book
Author : CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-04-10
ISBN : 0470767723
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This updated version of one of the most popular and widely used CCPS books provides plant design engineers, facility operators, and safety professionals with key information on selected topics of interest. The book focuses on process safety issues in the design of chemical, petrochemical, and hydrocarbon processing facilities. It discusses how to select designs that can prevent or mitigate the release of flammable or toxic materials, which could lead to a fire, explosion, or environmental damage. Key areas to be enhanced in the new edition include inherently safer design, specifically concepts for design of inherently safer unit operations and Safety Instrumented Systems and Layer of Protection Analysis. This book also provides an extensive bibliography to related publications and topic-specific information, as well as key information on failure modes and potential design solutions.

Lees Process Safety Essentials

Lees  Process Safety Essentials Book
Author : Sam Mannan
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2013-11-12
ISBN : 0080962300
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Lees' Process Safety Essentials is a single-volume digest presenting the critical, practical content from Lees' Loss Prevention for day-to-day use and reference. It is portable, authoritative, affordable, and accessible — ideal for those on the move, students, and individuals without access to the full three volumes of Lees'. This book provides a convenient summary of the main content of Lees', primarily drawn from the hazard identification, assessment, and control content of volumes one and two. Users can access Essentials for day-to-day reference on topics including plant location and layout; human factors and human error; fire, explosion and toxic release; engineering for sustainable development; and much more. This handy volume is a valuable reference, both for students or early-career professionals who may not need the full scope of Lees', and for more experienced professionals needing quick, convenient access to information. Boils down the essence of Lees'—the process safety encyclopedia trusted worldwide for over 30 years Provides safety professionals with the core information they need to understand the most common safety and loss prevention challenges Covers the latest standards and presents information, including recent incidents such as Texas City and Buncefield

Guidelines for Preventing Human Error in Process Safety

Guidelines for Preventing Human Error in Process Safety Book
Author : CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2010-08-13
ISBN : 0470925086
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Almost all the major accident investigations--Texas City, Piper Alpha, the Phillips 66 explosion, Feyzin, Mexico City--show human error as the principal cause, either in design, operations, maintenance, or the management of safety. This book provides practical advice that can substantially reduce human error at all levels. In eight chapters--packed with case studies and examples of simple and advanced techniques for new and existing systems--the book challenges the assumption that human error is "unavoidable." Instead, it suggests a systems perspective. This view sees error as a consequence of a mismatch between human capabilities and demands and inappropriate organizational culture. This makes error a manageable factor and, therefore, avoidable.