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Printing on Polymers

Printing on Polymers Book
Author : Joanna Izdebska,Sabu Thomas
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2015-09-24
ISBN : 0323375006
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Printing on Polymers: Fundamentals and Applications is the first authoritative reference covering the most important developments in the field of printing on polymers, their composites, nanocomposites, and gels. The book examines the current state-of-the-art and new challenges in the formulation of inks, surface activation of polymer surfaces, and various methods of printing. The book equips engineers and materials scientists with the tools required to select the correct method, assess the quality of the result, reduce costs, and keep up-to-date with regulations and environmental concerns. Choosing the correct way of decorating a particular polymer is an important part of the production process. Although printing on polymeric substrates can have desired positive effects, there can be problems associated with various decorating techniques. Physical, chemical, and thermal interactions can cause problems, such as cracking, peeling, or dulling. Safety, environmental sustainability, and cost are also significant factors which need to be considered. With contributions from leading researchers from industry, academia, and private research institutions, this book serves as a one-stop reference for this field—from print ink manufacture to polymer surface modification and characterization; and from printing methods to applications and end-of-life issues. Enables engineers to select the correct decoration method for each material and application, assess print quality, and reduce costs Increases familiarity with the terminology, tests, processes, techniques, and regulations of printing on plastic, which reduces the risk of adverse reactions, such as cracking, peeling, or dulling of the print Addresses the issues of environmental impact and cost when printing on polymeric substrates Features contributions from leading researchers from industry, academia, and private research institutions

3D Industrial Printing with Polymers

3D Industrial Printing with Polymers Book
Author : Johannes Karl Fink
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-11-30
ISBN : 1119555310
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

3D industrial printing has become mainstream in manufacturing. This unique book is the first to focus on polymers as the printing material. The scientific literature with respect to 3D printing is collated in this monograph. The book opens with a chapter on foundational issues such and presents a broad overview of 3D printing procedures and the materials used therein. In particular, the methods of 3d printing are discussed and the polymers and composites used for 3d printing are detailed. The book details the main fields of applications areas which include electric and magnetic uses, medical applications, and pharmaceutical applications. Electric and magnetic uses include electronic materials, actuators, piezoelectric materials, antennas, batteries and fuel cells. Medical applications are organ manufacturing, bone repair materials, drug-eluting coronary stents, and dental applications. The pharmaceutical applications are composite tablets, transdermal drug delivery, and patient-specific liquid capsules. A special chapter deals with the growing aircraft and automotive uses for 3D printing, such as with manufacturing of aircraft parts and aircraft cabins. In the field of cars, 3D printing is gaining importance for automotive parts (brake components, drives), for the fabrication of automotive repair systems, and even 3D printed vehicles.

Printing Polymers

Printing Polymers Book
Author : Curtis Barr,Daniel Vennerberg
Publisher : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Release : 2018-04-22
ISBN : 9781986325516
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymer science and engineering are exciting fields that most people take for granted. Stop and think for a moment about all of the polymers that we use on a daily basis and everything that goes into their design. Packages and kitchenware need to be food safe, while engine components need to withstand swings in temperature from a cold winter night to the heat of a running engine. Nylon webbing must absorb impacts to keep a climber safe. Now, with the widespread adoption of 3D printing, anyone can design and build polymer parts to solve a problem in their home, create a toy or even build a business. However, we have observed that students and 3D printing enthusiasts do not have access to the knowledge and materials that are commonplace in industrial polymer manufacturing operations. Further, we believe that 3D printing can be used as a gateway to introduce a new generation of Materials Scientists and Engineers to key materials, design and testing concepts. This book introduces fundamental relationships between materials, processing and properties. Through practical examples, we show you how these principles can help you select the best materials, optimize your designs and test your 3D printed parts.

Polymers for 3D Printing

Polymers for 3D Printing Book
Author : Joanna Izdebska-Podsiadly
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2022-03-15
ISBN : 9780128183113
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymers for 3D Printing: Methods, Properties, and Characteristics provides a detailed guide to polymers for 3D printing, bridging the gap between research and practice, and enabling engineers, technicians and designers to utilise and implement this technology for their products or applications. Presents the properties, attributes, and potential applications of the polymeric materials used in 3D printing Analyses and compares the available methods for 3D printing, with an emphasis on the latest cutting-edge technologies Enables the reader to select and implement the correct 3D printing technology, according to polymer properties or product requirements

3D and 4D Printing of Polymer Nanocomposite Materials

3D and 4D Printing of Polymer Nanocomposite Materials Book
Author : Kishor Kumar Sadasivuni,Kalim Deshmukh,Mariam AlAli AlMaadeed
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-10-11
ISBN : 0128173025
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

3D and 4D Printing of Polymer Nanocomposite Materials: Processing, Applications, and Challenges covers advanced 3D and 4D printing processes and the latest developments in novel polymer-based printing materials, thus enabling the reader to understand and benefit from the advantages of this groundbreaking technology. The book presents processes, materials selection, and printability issues, along with sections on the preparation of polymer composite materials for 3D and 4D printing. Across the book, advanced printing techniques are covered and discussed thoroughly, including fused deposition modeling (FDM), selective laser sintering (SLS), selective laser melting (SLM), electron beam melting (EBM), inkjet 3D printing (3DP), stereolithography (SLA), and 3D plotting. Finally, major applications areas are discussed, including electronic, aerospace, construction and biomedical applications, with detailed information on the design, fabrication and processing methods required in each case. Provides a thorough, clear understanding of polymer preparation techniques and 3D and 4D printing processes, with a view to specific applications Examines synthesis, formation methodology, the dispersion of fillers, characterization, properties, and performance of polymer nanocomposites Explores the possibilities of 4D printing, covering the usage of stimuli responsive hydrogels and shape memory polymers

Attempts to Use Polymers in the Printing of Nylon to Bind Unfixed Dye

Attempts to Use Polymers in the Printing of Nylon to Bind Unfixed Dye Book
Author : E. O. Iloanusi,Textiles
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1977
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Attempts to Use Polymers in the Printing of Nylon to Bind Unfixed Dye book written by E. O. Iloanusi,Textiles, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Improvement of 3D Printing Resolution by the Development of Shrinkable Materials

Improvement of 3D Printing Resolution by the Development of Shrinkable Materials Book
Author : Helena Nien-Hwa Chia
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Three-dimensional printing (3DP) uses inkjet printheads to selectively deposit liquid binder to adjoin powder particles in a layer-by-layer fashion to create a computer-modeled 3D object. Two general approaches for 3DP have been described for biomedical applications-- direct and indirect 3DP. The two approaches offer competing advantages, and both are limited by print resolution. This study describes materials processing strategies to enhance both indirect and direct 3DP resolution by shrinking. For indirect 3DP, 3DP resolution was improved by controlled shrinking of net-shape scaffolds. Briefly, porogen preforms are printed and infused with the desired monomer or polymer solution. After solidification or polymerization, the porogen is leached and the polymer is allowed to shrink by controlled drying. Heat treatment is performed to retain the dimensions against swelling forces. The main objectives are to determine the effects of polymer content and post-processing on dimension, microstructure, and thermomechanical properties of the scaffold. For polyethylene glycol diacrylate, reducing polymer content corresponded with greater shrinkage, with maximum shrinkage of ~80 vol% at polymer content of 20%. The secondary heat treatment retains the microarchitecture and new dimensions of the scaffolds, even when the scaffolds are immersed into water. This material processing strategy provides an alternative method to enhance the resolution of 3D scaffolds, for a wide range of polymers, without optimizing the binder-powder interaction physics for each material combination. For direct 3DP, a novel fabrication method was developed to create prints without organic solvent in the binder and shrinking was induced by a solvent plasticizer. PLGA was first made into microparticles and then mixed with sucrose particles to create the printing powder. A water-based binder was deposited onto the powder layers to create a print and then the polymer microparticles fused together with solvent vapor fusion. The sucrose was then removed by leaching and PLGA scaffolds permanently shrunken ~80% volumetrically in a solution of methanol to a final resolution of ~400 [mu]m. The methanol was acting as a plasticizer by decreasing the Tg below room temperature to allow for the polymer network to collapse upon itself. This approach to increasing the resolution allows for material flexibility of 3DP by increasing the range of materials used in this process since polymer microparticles are fused after printing and polymer-binder printing conditions do not need to be optimized. This thesis presents novel materials processing strategies to improve the resolution of indirect and direct 3DP resolution for biomaterials.

3D Printing for Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine

3D Printing for Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine Book
Author : Murat Guvendiren ,Vahid Serpooshan
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-12-02
ISBN : 3039361120
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Three-dimensional (3D) printing enables the fabrication of tissue-engineered constructs and devices from a patient’s own medical data, leading to the creation of anatomically matched and patient-specific constructs. There is a growing interest in applying 3D printing technologies in the fields of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. The main printing methods include extrusion-based, vat photopolymerization, droplet-based, and powder-based printing. A variety of materials have been used for printing, from metal alloys and ceramics to polymers and elastomers as well as from hydrogels to extracellular matrix proteins. More recently, bioprinting, a subcategory of 3D printing, has enabled the precise assembly of cell-laden biomaterials (i.e., bioinks) for the construction of complex 3D functional living tissues or artificial organs. In this Special Issue, we aim to capture state-of-the-art research papers and the most current review papers focusing on 3D printing for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. In particular, we seek novel studies on the development of 3D printing and bioprinting approaches, developing printable materials (inks and bioinks), and utilizing 3D-printed scaffolds for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine applications. These applications are not limited to but include scaffolds for in vivo tissue regeneration and tissue analogues for in vitro disease modeling and/or drug screening.

Plastics

Plastics Book
Author : S. H. Pinner,W. G. Simpson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 1483144747
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plastics: Surface and Finish demonstrates how plastics engineers and technologists have developed methods of converting commonplace plastics materials into articles and structures that display elegance and polish. This book emphasizes the most appropriate way of exploiting the esthetic possibilities of plastics is through the fullest understanding of their inherent properties and relevant processing technology. The topics discussed include the embossing of thermoplastics, surface treatments for plastics films and containers, and gravure printing on plastics films. The vacuum metallizing of plastics, adhesives for plastics fabrication, and decorative laminates are also covered in this text. This publication is intended for specialists in the graphic arts, technologists, and engineers who are concerned especially with printing and packaging with plastics, but is also useful for students and marketing experts.

Surface Phenomena and Latexes in Waterborne Coatings and Printing Technology

Surface Phenomena and Latexes in Waterborne Coatings and Printing Technology Book
Author : Mahendra K. Sharma
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-09
ISBN : 1475723954
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

THE CURRENT STATE OF THE ART of waterborne polymers, paints, coatings, inks and printing processes is presented in this volume. This is the third volume in the series on waterborne coating and printing technology. It documents several invited papers and the proceedings of the International Symposium on Surface Phenomena and Latexes in Waterborne Coatings and printing Technology sponsored by the Fine Particle Society (FPS). The FPS meeting was held in Las Vegas, Nevada, July 13-17, 1992. The volume deals with various basic and applied aspects of research on waterborne coating!printing technology. Major topics discussed involve waterborne polymers and polymer blends, pigment grinding, millbases, paint formulation, and characterization of coating films. This edition includes sixteen selected papers related to recent developments in waterborne technology. These papers are divided in three broad categories: (1) Waterborne Polymers and pigment Dispersions, (2) Latex Film, Wetting Phenomena and Printing Gloss, (3) Surfactants and Polymers in Aqueous Coating!printing Systems. This volume includes discussions of various waterborne polymers in coating!printing systems. The editors hope that this volume will serve its intended objective of reflecting the current understanding of formulation and process problems related to waterborne coatings, paints and inks. In addition, it will be a valuable reference source for both novices as well as experts in the field of waterborne technology. It will also help the readers to understand underlying surface phenomena and will enhance the reader's potential for solving critical formulation, evaluation and process problems.

Polymers for Food Applications

Polymers for Food Applications Book
Author : Tomy J. Gutiérrez
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-08-09
ISBN : 3319946250
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents an exhaustive review on the use of polymers for food applications. Polymer-based systems for food applications such as: films, foams, nano- and micro-encapsulated, emulsions, hydrogels, prebiotics, 3D food printing, edible polymers for the development of foods for people with special feeding regimes, sensors, among others, have been analyzed in this work.

Three dimensional Printing of Conductive Polymers at the Micrometric Scale

Three dimensional Printing of Conductive Polymers at the Micrometric Scale Book
Author : James Parcell
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2013
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Three dimensional Printing of Conductive Polymers at the Micrometric Scale book written by James Parcell, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Applications of 3D Printing in Biomedical Engineering

Applications of 3D Printing in Biomedical Engineering Book
Author : Neeta Raj Sharma
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-10-21
ISBN : 9813368888
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Applications of 3D Printing in Biomedical Engineering book written by Neeta Raj Sharma, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Pigment Printing Handbook

Pigment Printing Handbook Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : AATCC
Release : 2021-10-21
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Pigment Printing Handbook book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Surface Phenomena and Additives in Water Based Coatings and Printing Technology

Surface Phenomena and Additives in Water Based Coatings and Printing Technology Book
Author : Mahendra K. Sharma
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-11
ISBN : 1489923616
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Water-based technology has undergone revolutionary changes during the past two decades. Interest in the properties and uses of water-based coatings, paints and inks has continued to grow since the establishment of the Clean Air Act of 1970. The present book is devoted to recent developments and trends in water-based coating and ink technology. This volume is divided in three broad catagories: (1) Additives and Water-based Coating/Ink Systems, (2) Surface Modifications and Wettability, and (3) Ink/Coating Formulations and Their characterization. The role of various additives to improve the performance and properties of water-based coatings with special reference to surface phenomena such as wettability, adhesion, surface energies, dispersion stability, particle size and size distribution are presented in these sections. This volume documents the proceedings of the International symposium on Surface Phenomena and Additives in Water-Based Coatings and Printing Technology sponsored by the 21st Annual Meeting of the Fine Particle Society (FPS). This meeting was held in San Diego, california, AUgust 21-25, 1990. The symposium upon which this volume is based was organized in four sessions emphasizing several basic and applied aspects of water-based coatings and printing technology. Major topics discussed include advances in water-based technology, water-based flexo and gravure inks, hydrophobically-modified cellulosic thickeners, organosilicones, uv curable silicone release coatings, surface characterization of Ti02 pigments, polymer substrates, flexographic plates and coating films, pigment wetting and dispersing agents, hydrotrope effect in emulsion polymers, film thickness control, particle size measurements, rheological properties, and statistically designed mixtures for ink formulations.

UV Curable Coloured Pre polymers for Ink jet Printing on Textiles

UV Curable  Coloured Pre polymers for Ink jet Printing on Textiles Book
Author : Yongtao Yao
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download UV Curable Coloured Pre polymers for Ink jet Printing on Textiles book written by Yongtao Yao, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.