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Preventing Cracks In Materials

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Manufacturing Processes and Materials Fourth Edition

Manufacturing Processes and Materials  Fourth Edition Book
Author : George F. Schrader,Ahmad K. Elshennawy
Publisher : Society of Manufacturing Engineers
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0872635171
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This best-selling textbook for major manufacturing engineering programs across the country masterfully covers the basic processes and machinery used in the job shop, tool room, or small manufacturing facility. At the same time, it describes advanced equipment and processes used in larger production environments. Questions and problems at the end of each chapter can be used as self-tests or assignments. An Instructor's Guide is available to tailor a more structured learning experience. Additional resources from SME, including the Fundamental Manufacturing Processes videotape series can also be used to supplement the book's learning objectives. With 31 chapters, 45 tables, 586 illustrations, 141 equations and an extensive index, Manufacturing Processes & Materials is one of the most comprehensive texts available on this subject.

Principles of Laser Materials Processing

Principles of Laser Materials Processing Book
Author : Elijah Kannatey-Asibu, Jr.
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-04-22
ISBN : 9780470459195
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Coverage of the most recent advancements and applications in laser materials processing This book provides state-of-the-art coverage of the field of laser materials processing, from fundamentals to applications to the latest research topics. The content is divided into three succinct parts: Principles of laser engineering-an introduction to the basic concepts and characteristics of lasers, design of their components, and beam delivery Engineering background&-a review of engineering concepts needed to analyze different processes: thermal analysis and fluid flow; solidification of molten metal; and residual stresses that evolve during processes Laser materials processing-a rigorous and detailed treatment of laser materials processing and its principle applications, including laser cutting and drilling, welding, surface modification, laser forming, and rapid prototyping Each chapter includes an outline, summary, and example sets to help readers reinforce their understanding of the material. This book is designed to prepare graduate students who will be entering industry; researchers interested in initiating a research program; and practicing engineers who need to stay abreast of the latest developments in this rapidly evolving field.

Fatigue of Structures and Materials

Fatigue of Structures and Materials Book
Author : J. Schijve
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-12-16
ISBN : 9781402068089
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fatigue of structures and materials covers a wide scope of different topics. The purpose of the present book is to explain these topics, to indicate how they can be analyzed, and how this can contribute to the designing of fatigue resistant structures and to prevent structural fatigue problems in service. Chapter 1 gives a general survey of the topic with brief comments on the signi?cance of the aspects involved. This serves as a kind of a program for the following chapters. The central issues in this book are predictions of fatigue properties and designing against fatigue. These objectives cannot be realized without a physical and mechanical understanding of all relevant conditions. In Chapter 2 the book starts with basic concepts of what happens in the material of a structure under cyclic loads. It illustrates the large number of variables which can affect fatigue properties and it provides the essential background knowledge for subsequent chapters. Different subjects are presented in the following main parts: • Basic chapters on fatigue properties and predictions (Chapters 2–8) • Load spectra and fatigue under variable-amplitude loading (Chapters 9–11) • Fatigue tests and scatter (Chapters 12 and 13) • Special fatigue conditions (Chapters 14–17) • Fatigue of joints and structures (Chapters 18–20) • Fiber-metal laminates (Chapter 21) Each chapter presents a discussion of a speci?c subject.

Essential Biomaterials Science

Essential Biomaterials Science Book
Author : David Williams
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2014-07-24
ISBN : 1139952153
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This groundbreaking single-authored textbook equips students with everything they need to know to truly understand the hugely topical field of biomaterials science, including essential background on the clinical necessity of biomaterials, relevant concepts in biology and materials science, comprehensive and up-to-date coverage of all existing clinical and experimental biomaterials, and the fundamental principles of biocompatibility. It features extensive case studies interweaved with theory, from a wide range of clinical disciplines, equipping students with a practical understanding of the phenomena and mechanisms of biomaterials performance; a whole chapter dedicated to the biomaterials industry itself, including guidance on regulations, standards and guidelines, litigation, and ethical issues to prepare students for industry; informative glossaries of key terms, engaging end-of-chapter exercises and up-to-date lists of recommended reading. Drawing on the author's forty years' experience in biomaterials, this is an indispensable resource for students studying these lifesaving technological advances.

The New Science of Strong Materials

The New Science of Strong Materials Book
Author : J E Gordon
Publisher : Penguin UK
Release : 1991-03-28
ISBN : 0141927704
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Why isn't wood weaker that it is? Why isn't steel stronger? Why does glass sometimes shatter and sometimes bend like spring? Why do ships break in half? What is a liquid and is treacle one? All these are questions about the nature of materials. All of them are vital to engineers but also fascinating as scientific problems. During the 250 years up to the 1920s and 1930s they had been answered largely by seeing how materials behaved in practice. But materials continued to do things that they "ought" not to have done. Only in the last 40 years have these questions begun to be answered by a new approach. Material scientists have started to look more deeply into the make-up of materials. They have found many surprises; above all, perhaps, that how a material behaves depends on how perfectly - or imperfectly - its atoms are arranged. Using both SI and imperial units, Professor Gordon's account of material science is a demonstration of the sometimes curious and entertaining ways in which scientists isolate and solve problems.

Sol Gel Materials

Sol Gel Materials Book
Author : John D. Wright,Nico A.J.M. Sommerdijk
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2000-12-21
ISBN : 9789056993269
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sol-Gel processing methods, first used historically for decorative and constructional materials, were extensively developed in the last century for applications such as glasses, ceramics, catalysts, coatings, composites and fibres. Today they are reaching their full potential, enabling the preparation of new generations of advanced materials not easily accessible by other methods yet using mild, low-energy conditions. The topic is therefore increasingly included in advanced undergraduate, MSc and PhD programmes in the areas of chemistry, physics and materials science. This concise introductory text, written at the advanced undergraduate/first-year postgraduate level, is also suitable as an introduction to the development, mechanisms, chemistry, characterisation methods and applications of the technique. It provides readers with an extensive yet concise grounding in the theory of each area of the subject and details the real and potential applications and the future prospects of sol-gel chemistry.

Building Materials and Structural Engineering II

Building Materials and Structural Engineering II Book
Author : B. Xu,H.Y. Li
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2013-08-30
ISBN : 3038261343
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 2013 2nd International Conference on Building Materials and Structural Engineering (BMSE2013), May 24-25, 2013, Beijing, China. The 54 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Research on Building Engineering and Building Materials; Chapter 2: Structures Engineering; Chapter 3: Research on Applied Materials; Chapter 4: Related Topics.

PRO 41 International RILEM Symposium on Environment Conscious Materials and Systems for Sustainable Development

PRO 41  International RILEM Symposium on Environment Conscious Materials and Systems for Sustainable Development Book
Author : Norimoto Kashino,Yoshihiko Ohama
Publisher : RILEM Publications
Release : 2005
ISBN : 9782912143556
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download PRO 41 International RILEM Symposium on Environment Conscious Materials and Systems for Sustainable Development book written by Norimoto Kashino,Yoshihiko Ohama, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Welding Metallurgy and Weldability

Welding Metallurgy and Weldability Book
Author : John C. Lippold
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-11-24
ISBN : 1118230701
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Describes the weldability aspects of structural materials used in a wide variety of engineering structures, including steels, stainless steels, Ni-base alloys, and Al-base alloys Welding Metallurgy and Weldability describes weld failure mechanisms associated with either fabrication or service, and failure mechanisms related to microstructure of the weldment. Weldability issues are divided into fabrication and service related failures; early chapters address hot cracking, warm (solid-state) cracking, and cold cracking that occur during initial fabrication, or repair. Guidance on failure analysis is also provided, along with examples of SEM fractography that will aid in determining failure mechanisms. Welding Metallurgy and Weldability examines a number of weldability testing techniques that can be used to quantify susceptibility to various forms of weld cracking. Describes the mechanisms of weldability along with methods to improve weldability Includes an introduction to weldability testing and techniques, including strain-to-fracture and Varestraint tests Chapters are illustrated with practical examples based on 30 plus years of experience in the field Illustrating the weldability aspects of structural materials used in a wide variety of engineering structures, Welding Metallurgy and Weldability provides engineers and students with the information needed to understand the basic concepts of welding metallurgy and to interpret the failures in welded components.

Advanced Ceramic Materials

Advanced Ceramic Materials Book
Author : Ashutosh Tiwari,Rosario A. Gerhardt,Magdalena Szutkowska
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-08-12
ISBN : 111924272X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ceramic materials are inorganic and non-metallic porcelains, tiles, enamels, cements, glasses and refractory bricks. Today, "ceramics" has gained a wider meaning as a new generation of materials influence on our lives; electronics, computers, communications, aerospace and other industries rely on a number of their uses. In general, advanced ceramic materials include electro-ceramics, optoelectronic-ceramics, superconductive ceramics and the more recent development of piezoelectric and dielectric ceramics. They can be considered for their features including mechanical properties, decorative textures, environmental uses, energy applications, as well as their usage in bio-ceramics, composites, functionally graded materials, intelligent ceramics and so on. Advanced Ceramic Materials brings together a group of subject matter experts who describe innovative methodologies and strategies adopted in the research and development of the advanced ceramic materials. The book is written for readers from diverse backgrounds across chemistry, physics, materials science and engineering, medical science, pharmacy, environmental technology, biotechnology, and biomedical engineering. It offers a comprehensive view of cutting-edge research on ceramic materials and technologies. Divided into 3 parts concerning design, composites and functionality, the topics discussed include: Chemical strategies of epitaxial oxide ceramics nanomaterials Biphasic, triphasic and multiphasic calcium orthophosphates Microwave assisted processing of advanced ceramic composites Continuous fiber reinforced ceramic matrix composites Yytria and magnesia doped alumina ceramic Oxidation induced crack healing SWCNTs vs MWCNTs reinforcement agents Organic and inorganic wastes in clay brick production Functional tantalum oxides Application of silver tin research on hydroxyapatite

Advanced Materials Structures and Mechanical Engineering

Advanced Materials  Structures and Mechanical Engineering Book
Author : H.M. Song,J.W. Hu,H.K. Son
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2014-09-12
ISBN : 3038266388
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 2014 International Conference on Advanced Materials, Structures and Mechanical Engineering (ICAMSME 2014), May 3-4, 2014, Incheon, South-Korea. The 213 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Applied Mechanics and Manufacturing Processes Engineering, Chapter 2: Material Science and Technology, Chapter 3: Civil and Structural Engineering, Chapter 4: Other Related Topics.

Building Materials Evaluation Handbook

Building Materials Evaluation Handbook Book
Author : Forrest Wilson
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 146846650X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is a reference book. Although it might conceivably be read in the order in which the subjects appear it was designed to be consulted subject to subject as one uses a dictionary or encyclopedia. To facilitate quick identification and location of building materials, characteristics and problems they are first listed in the table of contents, repeated in the chapter headings and listed in the index. In addition to describing how building materials respond to environmental stresses in terms of their mechanical, electrical, chemical and thermal properties, brief references to their normal behavior and a comparison of various material characteristics has been included. Most of the information gathered and presented here represents the contemporary developments of ancient building lore. The increasing importance of renewal, rehabilitation, retrofit and restoration is placing added importance on material behavior. A separate and distinct field of building science is emerging as increasingly sophisticated instruments are linked to the growing ability and decreasing costs of computer analysis. This book describes one segment of a new building science-that of building diagnosis.

Innovative Materials and Equipment for Pavement Surface Repairs

Innovative Materials and Equipment for Pavement Surface Repairs Book
Author : Kelly L. Smith
Publisher : DIANE Publishing
Release : 1994-12
ISBN : 0788115235
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Identifies material, procedures, and equipment for patching potholes in asphalt concrete and repairing spalls in portland cement concrete that are more effective and more efficient in preventing pavement deterioration than existing methods. Charts and tables.

Advanced Testing and Characterization of Bituminous Materials Two Volume Set

Advanced Testing and Characterization of Bituminous Materials  Two Volume Set Book
Author : Andreas Loizos,Manfred N. Partl,Tom Scarpas,Imad L. Al-Qadi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2009-05-14
ISBN : 0203092988
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bituminous materials are used to build durable roads that sustain diverse environmental conditions. However, due to their complexity and a global shortage of these materials, their design and technical development present several challenges. Advanced Testing and Characterisation of Bituminous Materials focuses on fundamental and performance testing

Water Properties of Food Pharmaceutical and Biological Materials

Water Properties of Food  Pharmaceutical  and Biological Materials Book
Author : Maria del Pilar Buera,Jorge Welti-Chanes,Peter J. Lillford,Horacio R. Corti
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2006-01-13
ISBN : 1420001183
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Unique and informative, Water Properties of Food, Pharmaceutical, and Biological Materials is based on lectures and papers given by leading international researchers at the 9th International Symposium of the Properties of Water in Foods (ISOPOW 9) that took place in September 2004. Each chapter presents an authoritative account of the latest research on the physical and chemical properties of water in relation to the stability of food, pharmaceutical, and biological materials. The first part of the text focuses on presentations given by invited speakers, whereas the second part is dedicated to oral presentations and discussions. Topics include the role of water in structural and functional properties, preserving biomolecule functionality in restricted water environments, and micro- and nano- techniques used for assessing water-solid interactions in food and drug development. This book is an invaluable resource that synthesizes cutting-edge information with innovative viewpoints from internationally esteemed researchers who participated in ISOPOW 2004.

Significance of Tests and Properties of Concrete and Concrete making Materials

Significance of Tests and Properties of Concrete and Concrete making Materials Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : ASTM International
Release : 2021-10-22
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Significance of Tests and Properties of Concrete and Concrete making Materials book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Significance of Tests and Properties of Concrete and Concrete Making Materials

Significance of Tests and Properties of Concrete and Concrete Making Materials Book
Author : Best CH.,C. H. Best,Linda Helgerson
Publisher : ASTM International
Release : 1985-02
ISBN : 9780803106123
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Significance of Tests and Properties of Concrete and Concrete Making Materials book written by Best CH.,C. H. Best,Linda Helgerson, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Guidelines for the Preservation of High traffic volume Roadways

Guidelines for the Preservation of High traffic volume Roadways Book
Author : David G. Peshkin
Publisher : Transportation Research Board
Release : 2011-01-01
ISBN : 0309128927
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

TRB's second Strategic Highway Research Program (SHRP 2) Report S2-R26-RR-2: Guidelines for the Preservation of High-Traffic-Volume Roadways explores the state of the practice for preservation treatments on high- and low-volume asphalt and concrete roadways. The report also includes suggested guidelines on the application of preservation treatments on high-volume roadways.

Comprehensive Nuclear Materials

Comprehensive Nuclear Materials Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-07-22
ISBN : 0081028660
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Materials in a nuclear environment are exposed to extreme conditions of radiation, temperature and/or corrosion, and in many cases the combination of these makes the material behavior very different from conventional materials. This is evident for the four major technological challenges the nuclear technology domain is facing currently: (i) long-term operation of existing Generation II nuclear power plants, (ii) the design of the next generation reactors (Generation IV), (iii) the construction of the ITER fusion reactor in Cadarache (France), (iv) and the intermediate and final disposal of nuclear waste. In order to address these challenges, engineers and designers need to know the properties of a wide variety of materials under these conditions and to understand the underlying processes affecting changes in their behavior, in order to assess their performance and to determine the limits of operation. Comprehensive Nuclear Materials 2e provides broad ranging, validated summaries of all the major topics in the field of nuclear material research for fission as well as fusion reactor systems. Attention is given to the fundamental scientific aspects of nuclear materials: fuel and structural materials for fission reactors, waste materials, and materials for fusion reactors. The articles are written at a level that allows undergraduate students to understand the material, while providing active researchers with a ready reference resource of information. Most of the chapters from the first Edition have been revised and updated and a significant number of new topics are covered in completely new material. During the ten years between the two editions, the challenge for applications of nuclear materials has been significantly impacted by world events, public awareness, and technological innovation. Materials play a key role as enablers of new technologies, and we trust that this new edition of Comprehensive Nuclear Materials has captured the key recent developments. Critically reviews the major classes and functions of materials, supporting the selection, assessment, validation and engineering of materials in extreme nuclear environments Comprehensive resource for up-to-date and authoritative information which is not always available elsewhere, even in journals Provides an in-depth treatment of materials modeling and simulation, with a specific focus on nuclear issues Serves as an excellent entry point for students and researchers new to the field

Forensic Epidemiology

Forensic Epidemiology Book
Author : Michael Freeman,Maurice Zeegers
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-03-10
ISBN : 0124046444
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

It is an inescapable fact that causation, both generally (in populations), and specifically (in individuals), cannot be observed. Rather, causation is determined when it can be inferred that the risk of an observed injury or disease from a plausible cause is greater than the risk from other plausible causes. While many causal evaluations performed in forensic medicine are simplified by the fact that the circumstances surrounding the onset of an injury or disease clearly rules out competing causes (eg, a death following a fall), there are many cases that present a more complicated picture. It is these types of investigations, in which an analysis of comparative levels of risk from competing causes is needed to arrive at a reliable and accurate determination of the most likely cause, that forensic epidemiology (FE) is directed at. In Forensic Epidemiology, the authors present the legal and scientific theories underlying the methods by which risk is used in the investigation of individual causation. Methods and principles from epidemiology are combined with those from a multitude of other disciplines, including general medicine, pharmacology, forensic pathology, biostatistics, and biomechanics, inter alia, as a basis for investigating the plausibility of injury and disease exposures and mechanisms. The ultimate determination of the probability of causation (PC) results from an assessment of the strength of association of the investigated relationship in the individual, based on a comparison between the risk of disease or injury from the investigated exposure versus the risk of the same disease or injury occurring at the same point in time in the individual, but absent the exposure. The principles and methods described in Forensic Epidemiology will be of interest to those who work and study in the fields of forensic medicine, epidemiology, and the law. Historical perspective on how epidemiologic evidence of causation has been used in courts in the US and Europe Theory and science underlying the use of risk to assess individual causation Primer on epidemiologic methods, and various measures used to arrive at individualized comparative risk assessments and PC The use of statistical methods applied to publicly available data for ad hoc analysis of PC applicable to the specific circumstances of a case Background on complementary disciplines, including forensic pathology, death investigation, biomechanics, and survival analysis Examples of applied FE in the investigation of traffic injury and death, automotive and other product defect litigation, medical negligence, and criminal prosecution and defense