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Preventing Cracks In Materials

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Principles of Laser Materials Processing

Principles of Laser Materials Processing Book
Author : Elijah Kannatey-Asibu, Jr.
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-04-22
ISBN : 9780470459195
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Coverage of the most recent advancements and applications in laser materials processing This book provides state-of-the-art coverage of the field of laser materials processing, from fundamentals to applications to the latest research topics. The content is divided into three succinct parts: Principles of laser engineering-an introduction to the basic concepts and characteristics of lasers, design of their components, and beam delivery Engineering background&-a review of engineering concepts needed to analyze different processes: thermal analysis and fluid flow; solidification of molten metal; and residual stresses that evolve during processes Laser materials processing-a rigorous and detailed treatment of laser materials processing and its principle applications, including laser cutting and drilling, welding, surface modification, laser forming, and rapid prototyping Each chapter includes an outline, summary, and example sets to help readers reinforce their understanding of the material. This book is designed to prepare graduate students who will be entering industry; researchers interested in initiating a research program; and practicing engineers who need to stay abreast of the latest developments in this rapidly evolving field.

Fatigue of Structures and Materials

Fatigue of Structures and Materials Book
Author : J. Schijve
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-12-16
ISBN : 1402068085
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fatigue of structures and materials covers a wide scope of different topics. The purpose of the present book is to explain these topics, to indicate how they can be analyzed, and how this can contribute to the designing of fatigue resistant structures and to prevent structural fatigue problems in service. Chapter 1 gives a general survey of the topic with brief comments on the signi?cance of the aspects involved. This serves as a kind of a program for the following chapters. The central issues in this book are predictions of fatigue properties and designing against fatigue. These objectives cannot be realized without a physical and mechanical understanding of all relevant conditions. In Chapter 2 the book starts with basic concepts of what happens in the material of a structure under cyclic loads. It illustrates the large number of variables which can affect fatigue properties and it provides the essential background knowledge for subsequent chapters. Different subjects are presented in the following main parts: • Basic chapters on fatigue properties and predictions (Chapters 2–8) • Load spectra and fatigue under variable-amplitude loading (Chapters 9–11) • Fatigue tests and scatter (Chapters 12 and 13) • Special fatigue conditions (Chapters 14–17) • Fatigue of joints and structures (Chapters 18–20) • Fiber-metal laminates (Chapter 21) Each chapter presents a discussion of a speci?c subject.

Building Materials and Structural Engineering II

Building Materials and Structural Engineering II Book
Author : B. Xu,H.Y. Li
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2013-08-30
ISBN : 3038261343
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 2013 2nd International Conference on Building Materials and Structural Engineering (BMSE2013), May 24-25, 2013, Beijing, China. The 54 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Research on Building Engineering and Building Materials; Chapter 2: Structures Engineering; Chapter 3: Research on Applied Materials; Chapter 4: Related Topics.

Crack Arrest Concepts for Failure Prevention and Life Extension

Crack Arrest Concepts for Failure Prevention and Life Extension Book
Author : C. S. Wiesner
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 1996-04-30
ISBN : 9781855732643
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The proceedings of a seminar held at TWI in September, 1995, focusing on crack arrest philosophy which aknowledges that a brittle crack is arrested when it emerges from the critical region. Papers from prestigious researchers presented a critique and assessment of the theory and its application under: Introduction to crack arrest concepts; Recent trends in crack arrest research; Application of crack arrest concepts.

Crack Control

Crack Control Book
Author : Kevin Kendall
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-10-22
ISBN : 0128215070
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Crack Control: Using Fracture Theory to Create Tough New Materials goes beyond just trying to understand the origin of cracks and fracture in materials by also providing readers with the knowledge and techniques required to stop cracks at the nano- and micro-levels, covering the fundamentals of crack propagation, prevention, and healing. The book starts by providing a concise foundational overview of cracks and fracture mechanics, then looks at real-life ways that new tougher materials have been developed via crack inhibition. Topics such as crack equilibrium, stress criterion, and stress equations are then outlined, as are methods for inventing new crack-resistant materials. The importance of crack healing is emphasized and cracks that grow under tension, bending, compression, crazing, and adhesion are discussed at length as well Provides a better understanding of crack formation in various materials allowing for more efficient investigations of crack-based material or structural failure Demonstrates how to prevent cracks by arresting them at the nano- and micro-levels Looks at methods for developing new tougher and stronger materials through crack inhibition Emphasizes the importance of crack healing and explains crack stopping through changing the peel shape in various ways

Fatigue Crack Growth in Rubber Materials

Fatigue Crack Growth in Rubber Materials Book
Author : Gert Heinrich,Reinhold Kipscholl,Radek Stoček
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-03-23
ISBN : 3030689204
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book summarizes recent international research and experimental developments regarding fatigue crack growth investigations of rubber materials. It shows the progress in fundamental as well as advanced research of fracture investigation of rubber material under fatigue loading conditions, especially from the experimental point of view. However, some chapters will describe the progress in numerical modeling and physical description of fracture mechanics and cavitation phenomena in rubbers. Initiation and propagation of cracks in rubber materials are dominant phenomena which determine the lifetime of these soft rubber materials and, as a consequence, the lifetime of the corresponding final rubber parts in various fields of application. Recently, these phenomena became of great scientific interest due to the development of new experimental methods, concepts and models. Furthermore, crack phenomena have an extraordinary impact on rubber wear and abrasion of automotive tires; and understanding of crack initiation and growth in rubbers will help to support the growthing number of activities and worldwide efforts of reduction of tire wear losses and abrasion based emissions.

Advanced Ceramic Materials

Advanced Ceramic Materials Book
Author : Ashutosh Tiwari,Rosario A. Gerhardt,Magdalena Szutkowska
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-08-05
ISBN : 1119242738
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ceramic materials are inorganic and non-metallic porcelains, tiles, enamels, cements, glasses and refractory bricks. Today, "ceramics" has gained a wider meaning as a new generation of materials influence on our lives; electronics, computers, communications, aerospace and other industries rely on a number of their uses. In general, advanced ceramic materials include electro-ceramics, optoelectronic-ceramics, superconductive ceramics and the more recent development of piezoelectric and dielectric ceramics. They can be considered for their features including mechanical properties, decorative textures, environmental uses, energy applications, as well as their usage in bio-ceramics, composites, functionally graded materials, intelligent ceramics and so on. Advanced Ceramic Materials brings together a group of subject matter experts who describe innovative methodologies and strategies adopted in the research and development of the advanced ceramic materials. The book is written for readers from diverse backgrounds across chemistry, physics, materials science and engineering, medical science, pharmacy, environmental technology, biotechnology, and biomedical engineering. It offers a comprehensive view of cutting-edge research on ceramic materials and technologies. Divided into 3 parts concerning design, composites and functionality, the topics discussed include: Chemical strategies of epitaxial oxide ceramics nanomaterials Biphasic, triphasic and multiphasic calcium orthophosphates Microwave assisted processing of advanced ceramic composites Continuous fiber reinforced ceramic matrix composites Yytria and magnesia doped alumina ceramic Oxidation induced crack healing SWCNTs vs MWCNTs reinforcement agents Organic and inorganic wastes in clay brick production Functional tantalum oxides Application of silver tin research on hydroxyapatite

Materials for Marine Systems and Structures

Materials for Marine Systems and Structures Book
Author : Dennis F. Hasson,C. R. Crowe
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 1483218325
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Treatise on Materials Science and Technology, Volume 28: Materials for Marine Systems and Structures provides an integrated approach, utilizing the environmental information of the ocean scientists, materials science, and structural integrity principles as they apply to offshore structures and ships. The book discusses the materials and their performance in marine systems and structures; the marine environment; and marine befouling. The text also describes marine corrosion; corrosion control; metallic materials for marine structures; and concrete marine structures. Materials for mooring systems and fracture control for marine structures are also considered. Professional scientists and engineers, as well as graduate students in the fields of ocean and marine engineering and naval architecture and associated fields will find the book useful.

Wear of Materials

Wear of Materials Book
Author : P Blau
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2003-10
ISBN : 9780080443010
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The 14th International Conference on Wear of Materials took place in Washington, DC, USA, 30 March - 3 April 2003. These proceedings contain over two-hundred peer reviewed papers containing the best research, technical developments and engineering case studies from around the world. Biomaterials and nano-tribology receive special attention in this collection reflecting the general trends in the field. Further highlights include a focus on the new generation of instrumentation to probe wear at increasingly small scales. Approximately ninety communications and case studies, a popular format for the academic community have also been included, enabling the inclusion of the most up-to-date research. Over 200 peer-reviewed papers including hot topics such as biomaterials and nano-tribology Keeping you up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts Includes communications and case studies

Engineering Materials 2

Engineering Materials 2 Book
Author : D. R. H. Jones,Michael F. Ashby
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2005-11-21
ISBN : 9780080468631
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Engineering Materials 2 is a best-selling stand-alone text in its own right for more advanced students of materials science and mechanical engineering, and is the follow-up to its renowned companion text, Engineering Materials 1: An Introduction to Properties, Applications & Design . This book develops a detailed understanding of the fundamental properties of engineering materials, how they are controlled by processing, formed, joined and finished, and how all of these factors influence the selection and design of materials in real-world engineering applications. One of the best-selling materials properties texts; companion text to Ashby & Jones' 'Engineering Materials 1: An Introduction to their Properties and Applications' book New student friendly format, with enhanced pedagogy including more case studies, worked examples, and student questions World-renowned author team

Materials Processing and Manufacturing Science

Materials Processing and Manufacturing Science Book
Author : Rajiv Asthana,Ashok Kumar,Narendra B. Dahotre
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2006-01-09
ISBN : 0080464882
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

“Materials Science in Manufacturing focuses on materials science and materials processing primarily for engineering and technology students preparing for careers in manufacturing. The text also serves as a useful reference on materials science for the practitioner engaged in manufacturing as well as the beginning graduate student. Integrates theoretical understanding and current practices to provide a resource for students preparing for advanced study or career in industry. Also serves as a useful resource to the practitioner who works with diverse materials and processes, but is not a specialist in materials science. This book covers a wider range of materials and processes than is customary in the elementary materials science books. This book covers a wider range of materials and processes than is customary in the elementary materials science books. * Detailed explanations of theories, concepts, principles and practices of materials and processes of manufacturing through richly illustrated text * Includes new topics such as nanomaterials and nanomanufacturing, not covered in most similar works * Focuses on the interrelationship between Materials Science, Processing Science, and Manufacturing Technology

New Structural Materials Technologies

New Structural Materials Technologies Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1986
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download New Structural Materials Technologies book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Optomechanical Systems Engineering

Optomechanical Systems Engineering Book
Author : Keith J. Kasunic
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-04-27
ISBN : 1118919610
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Covers the fundamental principles behind optomechanicaldesign This book emphasizes a practical, systems-level overview ofoptomechanical engineering, showing throughout how the requirementson the optical system flow down to those on the optomechanicaldesign. The author begins with an overview of optical engineering,including optical fundamentals as well as the fabrication andalignment of optical components such as lenses andmirrors. The concepts of optomechanical engineering are thenapplied to the design of optical systems, including the structuraldesign of mechanical and optical components, structural dynamics,thermal design, and kinematic design. Optomechanical Systems Engineering: Reviews the fundamental concepts of optical engineering as theyapply to optomechanical design Illustrates the fabrication and alignment requirementstypically found in an optical system Examines the elements of structural design from a mechanical,optical, and vibrational viewpoint Develops the thermal management principles of temperature anddistortion control Describes the optomechanical requirements for kinematic andsemi-kinematic mounts Uses examples and case studies to illustrate the concepts andequations presented in the book Provides supplemental materials on a companion website Focusing on fundamental concepts and first-order estimates ofoptomechanical system performance, Optomechanical SystemsEngineering is accessible to engineers, scientists, andmanagers who want to quickly master the principles ofoptomechanical engineering.

Mechanics of Structures and Materials XXIV

Mechanics of Structures and Materials XXIV Book
Author : Hong Hao,Chunwei Zhang
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-11-30
ISBN : 1351850210
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mechanics of Structures and Materials: Advancements and Challenges is a collection of peer-reviewed papers presented at the 24th Australasian Conference on the Mechanics of Structures and Materials (ACMSM24, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, 6-9 December 2016). The contributions from academics, researchers and practising engineers from Australasian, Asia-pacific region and around the world, cover a wide range of topics, including: • Structural mechanics • Computational mechanics • Reinforced and prestressed concrete structures • Steel structures • Composite structures • Civil engineering materials • Fire engineering • Coastal and offshore structures • Dynamic analysis of structures • Structural health monitoring and damage identification • Structural reliability analysis and design • Structural optimization • Fracture and damage mechanics • Soil mechanics and foundation engineering • Pavement materials and technology • Shock and impact loading • Earthquake loading • Traffic and other man-made loadings • Wave and wind loading • Thermal effects • Design codes Mechanics of Structures and Materials: Advancements and Challenges will be of interest to academics and professionals involved in Structural Engineering and Materials Science.

NiTi Materials

NiTi Materials Book
Author : Yoshiki Oshida,Toshihiko Tominaga
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2020-08-24
ISBN : 3110666111
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nickel-Titanium alloys are smart materials exhibiting unique properties such as superelasticity and shape-memory effect. The material has been used as orthodontic wires in the dental field for over 20 years. This book is a comprehensive overview to the field of Ni-Ti Materials and the physical, chemical and mechanical properties of this versatile alloy. In addition, complications and challenges exhibited in applications are also discussed.

Fatigue Crack Growth

Fatigue Crack Growth Book
Author : Hans Albert Richard,Manuela Sander
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-06-13
ISBN : 3319325345
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers a concise introduction to fatigue crack growth, based on practical examples. It discusses the essential concepts of fracture mechanics, fatigue crack growth under constant and variable amplitude loading and the determination of the fracture-mechanical material parameters. The book also introduces the analytical and numerical simulation of fatigue crack growth as well as crack initiation. It concludes with a detailed description of several practical case studies and some exercises. The target group includes graduate students, researchers at universities and practicing engineers.

Performance of Bolting Materials in High Temperature Plant Applications

Performance of Bolting Materials in High Temperature Plant Applications Book
Author : Andrew Strang
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-11-25
ISBN : 1000122441
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses the technology of high-temperature bolting materials and the design considerations of high-temperature bolted joints. It is based on the second international conference on high-temperature creep resistant materials held in York.

Integrated Interconnect Technologies for 3D Nanoelectronic Systems

Integrated Interconnect Technologies for 3D Nanoelectronic Systems Book
Author : Muhannad S. Bakir,James D. Meindl
Publisher : Artech House
Release : 2008-11-30
ISBN : 1596932473
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This cutting-edge book on off-chip technologies puts the hottest breakthroughs in high-density compliant electrical interconnects, nanophotonics, and microfluidics at your fingertips, integrating the full range of mathematics, physics, and technology issues together in a single comprehensive source. You get full details on state-of-the-art I/O interconnects and packaging, including mechanically compliant I/O approaches, fabrication, and assembly, followed by the latest advances and applications in power delivery design, analysis, and modeling. The book explores interconnect structures, materials, and packages for achieving high-bandwidth off-chip electrical communication, including optical interconnects and chip-to-chip signaling approaches, and brings you up to speed on CMOS integrated optical devices, 3D integration, wafer stacking technology, and through-wafer interconnects.