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Pretreatment of Biomass

Pretreatment of Biomass Book
Author : Ashok Pandey,Sangeeta Negi,Parmeswaran Binod,Christian Larroche
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-09-18
ISBN : 0128003960
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Pretreatment of Biomass provides general information, basic data, and knowledge on one of the most promising renewable energy sources—biomass for their pretreatment—which is one of the most essential and critical aspects of biomass-based processes development. The quest to make the environment greener, less polluted, and less hazardous has led to the concept of biorefineries for developing bio-based processes and products using biomass as a feedstock. Each kind of biomass requires some kind of pretreatment to make it suitable for bioprocess. This book provides state-of-art information on the methods currently available for this. This book provides data-based scientific information on the most advanced and innovative pretreatment of lignocellulosic and algal biomass for further processing. Pretreatment of biomass is considered one of the most expensive steps in the overall processing in a biomass-to-biofuel program. With the strong advancement in developing lignocellulose biomass- and algal biomass-based biorefineries, global focus has been on developing pretreatment methods and technologies that are technically and economically feasible. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the latest developments in methods used for the pretreatment of biomass. An entire section is devoted to the methods and technologies of algal biomass due to the increasing global attention of its use. Provides information on the most advanced and innovative pretreatament processes and technologies for biomass Covers information on lignocellulosic and algal biomass to work on the principles of biorefinery Useful for researchers intending to study scale-up Provides information on integration of processes and technologies for the pretreatment of biomass

Green Biomass Pretreatment for Biofuels Production

Green Biomass Pretreatment for Biofuels Production Book
Author : Tingyue Gu
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-01-03
ISBN : 9400760523
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The increasing global demand for energy requires a versatile approach, prompting many researchers to focus on renewable bioenergy from different biomasses, especially cellulosic biomass. Such biomasses can be agricultural wastes, municipal wastes or direct harvests from high-yield energy corps. If properly pre-treated, the subsequent enzyme hydrolysis step is much more effective and can effectively minimises the waste disposal. Green Biomass Pretreatment for Biofuels Production reviews a range of pretreatment methods such as ammonium fiber explosion, steam explosion, dilute acid hydrolysis, alkali hydrolysis, and supercritical carbon dioxide explosion focusing on their final sugar yields from hemicellulose, glucose yields from cellulose, as well as on their feasibilities in bioenergy production processes at various scales. This book emphasises the tactical mobile and on-farm scales applications that use green pretreatments and processing technologies without the need of on-site waste treatment. Because of the varieties of different biomasses, no single pretreatment is expected to be the universal choice. Some of the pretreatment methods present niche applications are also discussed.

Pretreatment of Lignocellulosic Biomass for Biofuel Production

Pretreatment of Lignocellulosic Biomass for Biofuel Production Book
Author : Pratima Bajpai
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-03-08
ISBN : 9811006873
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book describes the pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass for biomass-to-biofuel conversion processes, which is an important step in increasing ethanol production for biofuels. It also highlights the main challenges and suggests possible ways to make these technologies feasible for the biofuel industry. The biological conversion of cellulosic biomass into bioethanol is based on the chemical and biological breakdown of biomass into aqueous sugars, for example using hydrolytic enzymes. The fermentable sugars can then be further processed into ethanol or other advanced biofuels. Pretreatment is required to break down the lignin structure and disrupt the crystalline structure of cellulose so that the acids or enzymes can easily access and hydrolyze the cellulose. Pre-treatment can be the most expensive process in converting biomass to fuel, but there is great potential for improving the efficiency and lowering costs through further research and development. This book is aimed at academics and industrial practitioners who are interested in the higher production of ethanol for biofuels.

Utilising Biomass in Biotechnology

Utilising Biomass in Biotechnology Book
Author : Helen Treichel,Gislaine Fongaro,Thamarys Scapini,Aline Frumi Camargo,Fábio Spitza Stefanski,Bruno Venturin
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-10-15
ISBN : 3030228533
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses the developing area of biomass for technological applications. Written by leading researchers in the field, the book differs from other literature available by providing a detailed, in-depth discussion of the characteristics of these materials. The use of biomass for technological applications is a rapidly growing area in materials engineering and green bioprocesses. In this approach, pre-treatments focus on the bioavailability of nutrients and facilitate the use of biomass for delivering byproducts (e.g. enzymes) and for bioenergy production, both of which are discussed at length in this book. In this regard, it explores various aspects of the structural complexity of residual biomass produced by agricultural, industrial and livestock activities for biotechnological purposes, and assesses both conventional and emerging pre-treatments (e.g. biological, enzymatic and physical–chemical). This book reveals the advantages of these techniques, both individually and in combination, making it an excellent resource for all readers interested in cutting-edge applications of biomass.

Deep Eutectic Solvents for Pretreatment of Lignocellulosic Biomass

Deep Eutectic Solvents for Pretreatment of Lignocellulosic Biomass Book
Author : Pratima Bajpai
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-09-17
ISBN : 9811640130
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Deep Eutectic Solvents for Pretreatment of Lignocellulosic Biomass book written by Pratima Bajpai, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Aqueous Pretreatment of Plant Biomass for Biological and Chemical Conversion to Fuels and Chemicals

Aqueous Pretreatment of Plant Biomass for Biological and Chemical Conversion to Fuels and Chemicals Book
Author : Charles E. Wyman
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-03-27
ISBN : 111856040X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant biomass is attracting increasing attention as asustainable resource for large-scale production of renewable fuelsand chemicals. However, in order to successfully compete withpetroleum, it is vital that biomass conversion processes aredesigned to minimize costs and maximize yields. Advances inpretreatment technology are critical in order to develophigh-yielding, cost-competitive routes to renewable fuels andchemicals. Aqueous Pretreatment of Plant Biomass for Biological andChemical Conversion to Fuels and Chemicals presents acomprehensive overview of the currently available aqueouspretreatment technologies for cellulosic biomass, highlighting thefundamental chemistry and biology of each method, key attributesand limitations, and opportunities for future advances. Topics covered include: • The importance of biomass conversion to fuels • The role of pretreatment in biological and chemicalconversion of biomass • Composition and structure of biomass, andrecalcitrance to conversion • Fundamentals of biomass pretreatment at low, neutraland high pH • Ionic liquid and organosolv pretreatments tofractionate biomass • Comparative data for application of leadingpretreatments and effect of enzyme formulations • Physical and chemical features of pretreatedbiomass • Economics of pretreatment for biologicalprocessing • Methods of analysis and enzymatic conversion ofbiomass streams • Experimental pretreatment systems from multiwellplates to pilot plant operations This comprehensive reference book provides an authoritativesource of information on the pretreatment of cellulosic biomass toaid those experienced in the field to access the most currentinformation on the topic. It will also be invaluable to thoseentering the growing field of biomass conversion.

Biomass Preprocessing and Pretreatments for Production of Biofuels

Biomass Preprocessing and Pretreatments for Production of Biofuels Book
Author : Jaya Shankar Tumuluru
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-07-26
ISBN : 1351649779
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Engineering the physical, chemical, and energy properties of lignocellulosic biomass is important to produce high-quality consistent feedstocks with reduced variability for biofuels production. The emphasis of this book will be the beneficial impacts that mechanical, chemical, and thermal preprocessing methods can have on lignocellulosic biomass quality attributes or specifications for solid and liquid biofuels and biopower production technologies. "Preprocessing" refers to treatments that can occur at a distance from conversion and result in an intermediate with added value, with improved conversion performance and efficiency. This book explores the effects of mechanical, chemical, and thermal preprocessing methods on lignocellulosic biomass physical properties and chemical composition and their suitability for biofuels production. For example, biomass mechanical preprocessing methods like size reduction (which impacts the particle size and distribution) and densification (density and size and shape) are important for feedstocks to meet the quality requirements for both biochemical and thermochemical conversion methods like enzymatic conversion, gasification, and pyrolysis process. Thermal preprocessing methods like drying, deep drying, torrefaction, steam explosion, hydrothermal carbonization, and hydrothermal liquefaction effect feedstock's proximate, ultimate and energy property, making biomass suitable for both solid and liquid fuel production. Chemical preprocessing which includes washing, leaching, acid, alkali, and ammonia fiber explosion that can enable biochemical composition, such as modification of lignin and hemicellulose, and impacts the enzymatic conversion application for liquid fuels production. This book also explores the integration of these preprocessing technologies to achieve desired lignocellulosic biomass quality attributes for biofuels production.

The Controlling Factors Involved in Biomass Aqueous Pretreatment

The Controlling Factors Involved in Biomass Aqueous Pretreatment Book
Author : Libing Zhang
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Of all sustainable resources, only lignocellulosic biomass can be transformed into organic fuels and chemicals that can integrate well with our current transportation infrastructure due to the inherent convenience, cost, and efficiency advantages of these organic fuels over current fuels. However, the high cost of biofuel conversion technologies poses challenges in large-scale commercialization. Pretreatment is the most expensive operation unit that is responsible for disrupting the naturally recalcitrant lignocellulosic biomass to provide reactive intermediates for production of renewable biofuels and bioproducts through biochemical or thermochemical processes. A better fundamental understanding of biomass pretreatment is essential to bring biofuels to market.

Pretreatment Techniques for Biofuels and Biorefineries

Pretreatment Techniques for Biofuels and Biorefineries Book
Author : Zhen Fang
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-01-04
ISBN : 3642327354
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book includes 19 chapters contributed by the world's leading experts on pretreatment methods for biomass. It extensively covers the different types of biomass (e.g. molasses, sugar beet pulp, cheese whey, sugarcane residues, palm waste, vegetable oil, straws, stalks and wood), various pretreatment approaches (e.g. physical, thermal, chemical, physicochemical and biological) and methods that show the subsequent production of biofuels and chemicals such as sugars, ethanol, extracellular polysaccharides, biodiesel, gas and oil. In addition to traditional methods such as steam, hot-water, hydrothermal, diluted-acid, organosolv, ozonolysis, sulfite, milling, fungal and bacterial, microwave, ultrasonic, plasma, torrefaction, pelletization, gasification (including biogas) and liquefaction pretreatments, it also introduces and discusses novel techniques such as nano and solid catalysts, organic electrolyte solutions and ionic liquids. This book offers a review of state-of-the-art research and provides guidance for the future paths of developing pretreatment techniques of biomass for biofuels, especially in the fields of biotechnology, microbiology, chemistry, materials science and engineering. It intends to provide a systematic introduction of pretreatment techniques. It is an accessible reference work for students, researchers, academicians and industrialists in biorefineries. Zhen Fang is a Professor of Bioenergy and the leader and founder of the biomass group at the Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. He is also an adjunct full Professor of Life Sciences at the University of Science and Technology of China.

Extrusion Pretreatment of Biomass Towards Bioethanol Production

Extrusion Pretreatment of Biomass Towards Bioethanol Production Book
Author : Chinnadurai Karunanithy,. K. Muthukumarappan
Publisher : LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
Release : 2012
ISBN : 9783847342625
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomass can be hydrolyzed to yield fermentable sugars through pretreatment, which is the primary and expensive step in conversion of biomass to bio-ethanol. Most of the pretreatment operates in batch mode, which is energy intensive, requires high capital, results in decomposition of hemicellulose, and formation of inhibitors. Considering these shortcomings, a novel biomass pretreatment method using an extruder could be a viable continuous one. This systematic study was undertaken to determine the effect of different biomass parameters such as moisture content, and particle size over a range of barrel temperature, screw speed and screw compression ratio. Statistical analyses revealed that all the independent variables had significant effect on sugar recoveries and torque requirement. Mathematical models to predict sugar recoveries from different biomass were presented. The optimal pretreatment conditions for corn stover, switchgrass, big bluestem and prairie cord grass were presented.

An Aggregated Understanding of Alkaline Hydrogen Peroxide AHP Pretreatment of Biomass and Hemicellulose Conversion

An Aggregated Understanding of Alkaline Hydrogen Peroxide  AHP  Pretreatment of Biomass and Hemicellulose Conversion Book
Author : Carlos Andres Alvarez Vasco
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Finally, we further studied the conversion of carbohydrates during AHP using biomass model compounds and demonstrate that it is possible to increase the conversion to desirable products using metal ions to catalyze AHP (Chapter Six). The results strongly support that alkaline hydrogen peroxide is a pretreatment method that can guide hemicellulose degradation to the formation of valuable compounds while selectively decreasing biomass recalcitrance to enzymatic attack.

Deep Eutectic Solvents for Pretreatment of Lignocellulosic Biomass

Deep Eutectic Solvents for Pretreatment of Lignocellulosic Biomass Book
Author : Pratima Bajpai
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2021-08-21
ISBN : 9789811640124
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on the properties of deep eutectic solvents (DESs) and recent advances in their application in lignocellulosic biomass processing. Lignocellulosic biomass conversion to biofuels, biochemicals and other value-added products has attracted global attention because it is a readily available, inexpensive and renewable resource. However, in order for biomass technologies to be commercially viable, biomass recalcitrance needs to be cost-effectively reduced. Deep eutectic solvents (DESs) are new ‘green' solvents that have the high potential for biomass processing thanks to their low cost, low toxicity, biodegradability, and easy recycling and reuse. After an overview of the current lignocellulosic biomass pretreatment, the book discusses the synthesis and physiochemical properties of DESs, as well as key findings on the effects of DES on cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin solubilization, biomass pretreatment and biomass crystallinity. It then addresses the enzymatic hydrolysis performance of DES-pretreated solids, compatibility of DESs with enzymes and microorganisms, and the recycling potential of DESs. Lastly, it compares DESs with ionic liquids, and examines the challenges and opportunities relating to extending the use of DESs in lignocellulosic processing.

Biomass Fractionation Technologies for a Lignocellulosic Feedstock Based Biorefinery

Biomass Fractionation Technologies for a Lignocellulosic Feedstock Based Biorefinery Book
Author : S.I. Mussatto
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-02-18
ISBN : 0128025611
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomass Fractionation Technologies for a Lignocellulosic Feedstock-based Biorefinery reviews the extensive research and tremendous scientific and technological developments that have occurred in the area of biorefinering, including industrial processes and product development using ‘green technologies’, often referred as white biotechnology. As there is a huge need for new design concepts for modern biorefineries as an alternative and amendment to industrial crude oil and gas refineries, this book presents the most important topics related to biomass fractionation, including advances, challenges, and perspectives, all with references to current literature for further study. Presented in 26 chapters by international field specialists, each chapter consists of review text that comprises the most recent advances, challenges, and perspectives for each fractionation technique. The book is an indispensable reference for all professionals, students, and workers involved in biomass biorefinery, assisting them in establishing efficient and economically viable process technologies for biomass fractionation. Provides information on the most advanced and innovative pretreatment processes and technologies for biomass Reviews numerous valuable products from lignocellulose Discusses integration of processes for complete biomass conversion with minimum waste generation Identifies the research gaps in scale-up Presents an indispensable reference for all professionals, students, and workers involved in biomass biorefinery, assisting them in establishing efficient and economically viable process technologies for biomass fractionation

Green Biomass Pretreatment for Biofuels Production

Green Biomass Pretreatment for Biofuels Production Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2013-01-04
ISBN : 9789400760530
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Green Biomass Pretreatment for Biofuels Production book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Logistics and Pretreatment of Biomass Fuels for Gasification and Combustion

Logistics and Pretreatment of Biomass Fuels for Gasification and Combustion Book
Author : J. T. G. Pierik,A. P. W. M. Curvers
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1995
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Logistics and Pretreatment of Biomass Fuels for Gasification and Combustion book written by J. T. G. Pierik,A. P. W. M. Curvers, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Utilising Biomass in Biotechnology

Utilising Biomass in Biotechnology Book
Author : Helen Treichel,Gislaine Fongaro,Thamarys Scapini,Aline Frumi Camargo,Fábio Spitza Stefanski,Bruno Venturin
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020
ISBN : 9783030228545
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses the developing area of biomass for technological applications. Written by leading researchers in the field, the book differs from other literature available by providing a detailed, in-depth discussion of the characteristics of these materials. The use of biomass for technological applications is a rapidly growing area in materials engineering and green bioprocesses. In this approach, pre-treatments focus on the bioavailability of nutrients and facilitate the use of biomass for delivering byproducts (e.g. enzymes) and for bioenergy production, both of which are discussed at length in this book. In this regard, it explores various aspects of the structural complexity of residual biomass produced by agricultural, industrial and livestock activities for biotechnological purposes, and assesses both conventional and emerging pre-treatments (e.g. biological, enzymatic and physical-chemical). This book reveals the advantages of these techniques, both individually and in combination, making it an excellent resource for all readers interested in cutting-edge applications of biomass.

Pretreatment and Fractionation of Biomass for Biological Production of Transportation Fuels and Value Added Chemicals

Pretreatment and Fractionation of Biomass for Biological Production of Transportation Fuels and Value Added Chemicals Book
Author : Samuel Asomaning Agyemang
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances the knowledge of alternative pretreatment methods for breaking the interlinkages existing among the components of lignocellulosic biomass including lignin, hemicellulose, and cellulose for easier sugar hydrolysis. Converts the monomeric sugars produced as a result of hydrolysis into ethanol via simultaneous saccharification and fermentation. Isolates and concentrates hemicellulose fractions from the liquid stream of pretreated biomass for the preparation of value added products.

Biomass Pretreatment for Increased Anhydrosugars Yield During Fast Pyrolysis

Biomass Pretreatment for Increased Anhydrosugars Yield During Fast Pyrolysis Book
Author : Qi Li
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Production of liquid fuels is a high national priority to provide transportation fuels. Production of liquid bio-fuels from biomass has been idenfied as a viable goal over the next decades. Fast pyrolysis is the rapid thermal degradation of lignocellulosic biomass in the absence of oxygen. Levoglucosan, which can be hydrolyzed and fermented into bio-ethanol, is produced during the pyrolysis process of the cellulose contained in biomass. Pure cellulose results in the production of levoglucosan of more than 50% by feedstock weight while woody biomass typically produces about 3% during pyrolysis. Researchers have performed significant research into methods to increase yields of levoglucosan and other associated anhydrosugars during pyrolysis. Most research has focused on mild acid pretreatment of biomass feedstocks prior to pyrolysis. Such treatment demineralizes and removes hemicellulose that appears to hinder the production of levoglucosan during pyrolysis. The objective of this study is to move beyond simple acid pretreatment to increase pyrolytic anhydrosugars yields during fast pyrolysis.

Advances in Biofeedstocks and Biofuels Volume 1

Advances in Biofeedstocks and Biofuels  Volume 1 Book
Author : Lalit Kumar Singh,Gaurav Chaudhary
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-12-30
ISBN : 1119117291
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biofuels production is one of the most extensively studied fields in the energy sector that can provide an alternative energy source and bring the energy industry closer to sustainability. Biomass-based fuel production, or renewable fuels, are becoming increasingly important as a potential solution for man-made climate change, depleted oil reserves, and the dangers involved with hydraulic fracturing (or “fracking”). The price of oil will always be volatile and changeable, and, as long as industry and private citizens around the world need energy, there will be a need for alternative energy sources. The area known as “biofuels and biofeedstocks” is one of the most important and quickly growing pieces of the “energy pie.” But biofuels and biofeedstocks are constantly changing, and new processes are constantly being created, changed, and improved upon. The area is rapidly changing and always innovative. It is important, therefore, that books like the volumes in this series are published and the information widely disseminated to keep the industry informed of the state-of-the-art. This first volume in this groundbreaking new series is a collection of papers from some of the world’s foremost authorities on biofeedstocks and biofuels, covering biofeedstocks and how they are processed. It is a must-have for any engineer, scientist, technician, or student working in this area.

Lignocellulosic Biomass to Value Added Products

Lignocellulosic Biomass to Value Added Products Book
Author : Mihir Kumar Purkait,Dibyajyoti Haldar
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-07-02
ISBN : 0128235349
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Lignocellulosic Biomass to Value-Added Products: Fundamental Strategies and Technological Advancements focuses on fundamental and advanced topics surrounding technologies for the conversion process of lignocellulosic biomass. Each and every concept related to the utilization of biomass in the process of conversion is elaborately explained, with importance given to minute details. Advanced level technologies involved in the conversion of biomass into biofuels, like bioethanol and biobutanol, are addressed, along with the process of pyrolysis. Readers of this book will become fully acquainted with the field of lignocellulosic conversion, from its basics to current research accomplishments. The uniqueness of the book lies in the fact that it covers each and every topic related to biomass and its conversion into value-added products. Technologies involved in the major areas of pretreatment, hydrolysis and fermentation are explained precisely. Additional emphasis is given to the analytical part, especially the established protocols for rapid and accurate quantification of total sugars obtained from lignocellulosic biomass. Includes chapters arranged in a flow-through manner Discusses mechanistic insights in different phenomena using colorful figures for quick understanding Provides the most up-to-date information on all aspects of the conversion of individual components of lignocellulosic biomass