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Precambrian Evolution Of The North China Craton

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Precambrian Evolution of the North China Craton

Precambrian Evolution of the North China Craton Book
Author : Guochun Zhao
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-11-16
ISBN : 0124076521
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The North China Craton is one of the oldest cratonic blocks in the world, containing rocks as old as 3.85 billion years. Focusing on Neoarchean mantle plumes and Paleoproterozoic plate tectonics, this book combines the results from modern geological research to provide you with a detailed synthesis of the geology, structure, and evolution of the North China Craton. It will be of value to anyone interested in the evolution of cratonic blocks and Precambrian geology as well as geoscientists interested in applying tectonic models to other cratonic blocks globally. This work will also be of interest to geologists concerned with the problems of structure and evolution of the Precambrian continents and supercontinents. The first book to apply mantle plume and plate tectonics models to understanding the Neoarchean accretion and Paleoproterozoic amalgamation of a craton Features more than 75 geologic maps, illustrations, diagrams, and microphotographs depicting the progressive stages of the North China Craton’s Precambrian evolution Authored by one of the world’s foremost experts in cratonic evolution and mantle plume and plate tectonic modeling

Main Tectonic Events and Metallogeny of the North China Craton

Main Tectonic Events and Metallogeny of the North China Craton Book
Author : Mingguo Zhai,Yue Zhao,Taiping Zhao
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-07-25
ISBN : 9811010641
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on the metallogeny and main tectonic events of the North China Craton from early Precambrian to Phanerozoic. It covers the Archean crustal growth, Paleoproterozoic rifting-subduction-collision processes, Great Oxidation Event, Meso-Neoproterozoic multiple rifting, Phanerozoic reworking of the North China Craton, as well as metallogeny related to above different processes. The North China Craton is one of the oldest cratons in the world. It has experienced a complex geological evolution since the early Precambrian, and carries important records of secular changes in tectonics and metallogeny. It provides a systematic review and new results on the growth and evolution of the North China Craton and metallogeny. It will be of broad interest to the earth scientists working in the fields of economic geology, geochemistry, and tectonics of the North China Craton and eastern Asian.

Precambrian Geology of China

Precambrian Geology of China Book
Author : Mingguo Zhai
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-08-11
ISBN : 3662478854
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is the first contribution to the overview of Precambrian geology of China. It covers Precambrian geology of the North China Craton, the South China Craton and the Tarim Craton, as well as other smaller blocks in the Chinese orogenic belts. It provides systematic concepts of the Chinese paleo-continents and incorporates the most up-to-date achievements. Edited by many of the active researchers working at the forefront of the related fields, it contributes greatly to the international Precambrian geology community and would be of interest to geoscientists working in the research field of geology of China and Precambrian geodynamics.

Ages Geochemistry and Metamorphism of Neoarchean Basement in Shandong Province

Ages  Geochemistry and Metamorphism of Neoarchean Basement in Shandong Province Book
Author : Meiling Wu
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-11-21
ISBN : 3662453436
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Focusing on issues of when and how Archean crust in the craton was formed, this PhD thesis book presents major research outcomes of field based metamorphic, geochemical and geochronological investigations on Meso-Neoarchean basement rocks from Shandong Province in the Eastern Block of the North China Craton. Based on major findings and new data, the author proposes that the formation and evolution of Archean crust was governed by mantle plumes, not by plate tectonics. As one of the oldest cratonic blocks in the world containing rocks as old as 3.85 billion years, the formation and evolution of North China Craton is still controversial. Therefore this book will be of value to anyone interested in the evolution of cratonic blocks and Precambrian geology.

Archean Mesoproterozoic Crustal Evolution and Crust Mantle Geodynamics of Western Liaoning Northeastern Hebei Provinces North China Craton

Archean Mesoproterozoic Crustal Evolution and Crust Mantle Geodynamics of Western Liaoning Northeastern Hebei Provinces  North China Craton Book
Author : Wei Wang
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-01-06
ISBN : 9811079226
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This thesis presents geological, petrological, geochemical, and zircon U–Pb–Lu–Hf isotopic field data for representative Precambrian lithologies in the Western Liaoning-Northeastern Hebei Provinces along the northern margin of the North China Craton (NCC). It describes late Neoarchean (2.64–2.48 Ga) supracrustal metavolcanic rocks and granitoid gneisses; late Paleoproterozoic (1.72–1.68 Ga) Jianping alkaline plutons and Pinggu alkaline volcanic rocks; and newly discovered ~1.23 Ga mafic dykes. The nature of magma sources and genesis of each magmatic episode are investigated, and the Precambrian (~2.6–1.2 Ga) lithospheric mantle evolution and crust-mantle interaction processes are established for the first time –aspects that provide important constraints in our understanding of the Precambrian crustal evolution and geodynamic processes in the region studied.

Palaeoproterozoic Supercontinents and Global Evolution

Palaeoproterozoic Supercontinents and Global Evolution Book
Author : Steven Michael Reddy
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release : 2009
ISBN : 9781862392830
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Palaeoproterozoic era (2500-1600 Ma) is a critical period of Earth history, with dynamic evolution from the deep planetary interior to its surface environment. Several lines of geological evidence suggest the existence of at least one pre-Rodinia supercontinent, named Nuna or Columbia, which formed near the end of Palaeoproterozoic time. Prior to this assembly, there may have been an older supercontinent (Kenorland) or perhaps only independently drifting supercratons. The tectonic records of amalgamation and dispersal of these ancient landmasses provide a framework that links processes of the deep Earth with those of its fluid envelope. The sixteen papers in this volume present reviews and new analytical data that span the geological record of Palaeoproterozoic Earth. The volume is useful as a reference book for students and professional geoscientists interested in this important period of global evolution.

Precambrian Crustal Evolution of China

Precambrian Crustal Evolution of China Book
Author : Xingyuan Ma,Hsing-yüan Ma,Jin Bai
Publisher : Springer
Release : 1998-08-20
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Precambrian Crustal Evolution of China integrates the theory of plate tectonics, structural geology and petrology to identify the tectonic and metamorphic environment in different stages of development of the Archaean and Proterozoic crust. Further, the evolution of the Precambrian atmosphere and hydrosphere is approached by using geochemical data and traces of life. For the first time, the results of the study of the Precambrian geology of China are made available in English to scientists and students not having access to the huge amount of Chinese literature.

Precambrian Ophiolites and Related Rocks

Precambrian Ophiolites and Related Rocks Book
Author : T.M. Kusky
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2004-10-26
ISBN : 9780080473932
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent developments have shown that many full and partial ophiolites are preserved in Precambrian cratons. This book provides a comprehensive description and discussion of the field aspects, geochemistry, geochronology and structure of the best of these ophiolites. It also presents syntheses of the characteristics of ophiolites of different ages, and an analysis of what the characteristics of these ophiolites mean for the thermal and chemical evolution of the earth. This title emphasizes new studies of Precambrian Geology that have documented ophiolites, ophiolitic fragments, and ophiolitic melanges in many Precambrian terranes. Each chapter focuses on individual Precambrian ophiolites or regions with numerous Precambrian ophiolites, and covers field aspects, petrology, geochemistry, geochronology, and other descriptive aspects of these ophiolites, it also delves into more theoretical and speculative aspects about the interpretation of the significance of these ancient ophiolites.

Evolution of Archean Crust and Early Life

Evolution of Archean Crust and Early Life Book
Author : Yildirim Dilek,Harald Furnes
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2013-11-26
ISBN : 9400776152
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents an integrated approach to the study of the evolution of the Archean lithosphere, biosphere and atmosphere, and as such it is a unique contribution to our understanding of the early Earth and life. The structural and geochemical make-up of both the oceanic and continental crust of the Archean Earth is documented in some case studies of various cratons, and the implications of the Phanerozoic plate and plume tectonic processes for the Archean geology are discussed in several chapters in the book. All chapters are process-oriented and data-rich, and reflect the most recent knowledge and information on the Archean Earth. The interdisciplinary approach of examining the evolution of the Archean crust, oceans, and life that we adopt in this book sets it apart from previous publications on Precambrian geology. The book will be attractive to researchers in academia and in industry, and to senior undergraduate students, graduate students and faculty in earth and natural sciences.

Precambrian Geology and Metamorphic Petrology

Precambrian Geology and Metamorphic Petrology Book
Author : Qian Xianglin,Zhengdong You,Henry Campbell Halls
Publisher : VSP
Release : 1997
ISBN : 9789067642750
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Precambrian Geology and Metamorphic Petrology book written by Qian Xianglin,Zhengdong You,Henry Campbell Halls, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Earth System Evolution and Early Life

Earth System Evolution and Early Life Book
Author : A.T. Brasier,D. McIlroy,N. McLoughlin
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release : 2017-06-09
ISBN : 1786202794
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume in memory of Professor Martin Brasier, which has many of his unfinished works, summarizes recent progress in some of the hottest topics in palaeobiology including cellular preservation of early microbial life and early evolution of macroscopic animal life, encompassing the Ediacara biota. The papers focus on how to decipher evidence for early life, which requires exceptional preservation, employment of state-of-the-art techniques and also an understanding gleaned from Phanerozoic lagerstätte and modern analogues. The papers also apply Martin’s MOFAOTYOF principle (my oldest fossils are older than your oldest fossils), requiring an integrated approach to understanding fossils. The adoption of the null-hypothesis that all putative traces of life are abiotic until proven otherwise, and the consideration of putative fossils within their spatial context, characterized the work of Martin Brasier, as is well demonstrated by the papers in this volume.

The Geology and Tectonic Settings of China s Mineral Deposits

The Geology and Tectonic Settings of China s Mineral Deposits Book
Author : Franco Pirajno
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-08-13
ISBN : 9400744447
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Extensive descriptions of a wide range of key or world-class mineral deposits of China are presented in the context of the country’s general geology, tectonic units and mineral systems and their geodynamic evolution within the tectonic framework of the Asian continent. This comprehensive overview, incorporating the latest geological concepts, is the first such coverage written in English by a western expert, and will be of benefit to mineral explorers and miners, as well as to research scientists and students in institutions of higher education. In his compilation of this compendium of Chinese geology and mineral systems, Franco Pirajno draws on first-hand knowledge of China’s geology and mineral deposits gained in numerous field visits and research projects with Chinese colleagues from various academic institutions over the past 18 years. First time that a western-based book on China’s geology and mineral deposits is published Appropriate for use by the mineral exploration industry Modern English-language geological and mineral deposits information on China Most useful to Western (and Chinese) geoscientists

Earth s Oldest Rocks

Earth s Oldest Rocks Book
Author : Martin J. Van Kranendonk,Vickie Bennett,Elis Hoffmann
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-09-26
ISBN : 0444639020
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Earth’s Oldest Rocks, Second Edition, is the only single reference source for geological research of early Earth. This new edition is an up-to-date collection of scientific articles on all aspects of the early history of the Earth, from planetary accretion at 4.567 billion years ago (Ga), to the onset of modern-style plate tectonics at 3.2 Ga. Since the first edition was published, significant new advances have been made in our understanding of events and processes on early Earth that correspond with new advances in technology. The book includes contributions from over 100 authors, all of whom are experts in their respective fields. The research in this reference concentrates on what is directly gleaned from the existing rock record to understand how our planet formed and evolved during the planetary accretion phase, formation of the first crust, the changing dynamics of the mantle and style of tectonics, life’s foothold and early development, and mineral deposits. It is an ideal resource for academics, students and the general public alike. Advances in early Earth research since 2007 based primarily on evidence gleaned directly from the rock record More than 50% of the chapters in this edition are new and the rest of the chapters are revised from the first edition, with more than 700 pages of new material Comprehensive reviews of areas of ancient lithosphere from all over the world, and of crust-forming processes New chapters on early solar system materials, composition of the ancient atmosphere-hydrosphere, and overviews of the oldest evidence of life on Earth, and modeling of early Earth tectonics

Archean Mesoproterozoic Crustal Evolution and Crust mantle Geodynamics of Western Liaoning Northeastern Hebei Provinces North China Craton

Archean Mesoproterozoic Crustal Evolution and Crust mantle Geodynamics of Western Liaoning Northeastern Hebei Provinces  North China Craton Book
Author : Wei Wang
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 9789811079238
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This thesis presents geological, petrological, geochemical, and zircon U?Pb?Lu?Hf isotopic field data for representative Precambrian lithologies in the Western Liaoning-Northeastern Hebei Provinces along the northern margin of the North China Craton (NCC). It describes late Neoarchean (2.64?2.48 Ga) supracrustal metavolcanic rocks and granitoid gneisses; late Paleoproterozoic (1.72?1.68 Ga) Jianping alkaline plutons and Pinggu alkaline volcanic rocks; and newly discovered ̃1.23 Ga mafic dykes. The nature of magma sources and genesis of each magmatic episode are investigated, and the Precambrian (̃2.6?1.2 Ga) lithospheric mantle evolution and crust-mantle interaction processes are established for the first time?aspects that provide important constraints in our understanding of the Precambrian crustal evolution and geodynamic processes in the region studied.

Aspects of the Tectonic Evolution of China

Aspects of the Tectonic Evolution of China Book
Author : Geo. Society Publishing
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release : 2004
ISBN : 9781862391567
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Aspects of the Tectonic Evolution of China book written by Geo. Society Publishing, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Spot U Pband Hf Isotope Analyses of Detrital Zircons from the Khondalites in the Western Block of the North China Craton

Spot U Pband Hf Isotope Analyses of Detrital Zircons from the Khondalites in the Western Block of the North China Craton Book
Author : Xiaoping Xia,夏小平
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017-01-26
ISBN : 9781361237694
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This dissertation, "Spot U-Pband Hf Isotope Analyses of Detrital Zircons From the Khondalites in the Western Block of the North China Craton" by Xiaoping, Xia, 夏小平, was obtained from The University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong) and is being sold pursuant to Creative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License. The content of this dissertation has not been altered in any way. We have altered the formatting in order to facilitate the ease of printing and reading of the dissertation. All rights not granted by the above license are retained by the author. Abstract: Abstract of thesis entitled SPOT U-Pb AND Hf ISOTOPE ANALYSES OF DETRITAL ZIRCONS FROM THE KHONDALITES IN THE WESTERN BLOCK OF THE NORTH CHINA CRATON Submitted by Xiaoping Xia for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy at The University of Hong Kong in August 2005 A major advancement of Precambrian geology in the North China Craton has been achieved by its tectonic subdivision into the Eastern and Western Blocks separated by the Trans-North China Orogen. However, further understanding the history of this craton is hindered by the lack of data for the Ordos Terrane, which is covered by basin sediments in the southern part of the Western Block. The khondalites in the Western Block are high-grade metasedimentary rocks derived from the Ordos Terrane. Therefore, detrital zircon U-Pb and Hf isotope studies for these khondalites will provide insights into the basement nature of this terrane. The spot U-Pb isotope analytical procedure on zircon is developed in this study by using a frequency-quintupled Nd: YAG 213 nm UV laser ablation system coupled to a VG PQExcel mass spectrometer and successfully applied to the study of the detrital zircons from the khondalites in Jining, Wulashan and Luliang Complexes. Most of the detrital zircons are igneous origin and yield U-Pb ages of 1.9-2.1 Ga, indicating a dominating Paleoproterozoic provenance. The khondalites have a maximum depositional age of 1.84 Ga and were metamorphised 1.81 Ga ago, demonstrating that they were deposited in Paleoproterozoic and soon metamorphosed due to the assembly of the North China Craton.. Hf isotope data for detrital zircons from the Wulashan Complex show that they possess ε values between -8 and +9, suggesting their crystallization from Hf magmas derived from underlying old crust and juvenile materials from the mantle. The lowest ε values with different ages define an evolution line that Hf intersects the depleted mantle line at 2.6 Ga in a ε vs. time diagram. This Hf implies that the sedimentary provenance was underlain by a lower crust separated from the mantle at 2.6 Ga. All the detrital zircons from one sample have 2.0 Ga ages and positive ε from +1 to +9, recording a significant crustal Hf growth event. Hf isotope data for the Luliang Complex support that the sedimentary provenance was mainly underlain by a lower crust extracted from the mantle at 2.6 Ga with significant juvenile crustal addition at 2.1 Ga. The oldest crustal material was identified to have an age of 4.2 Ga, demonstrating the existence of an older component in the deep crust of the Ordos Terrane or alternatively imply that the Luliang khondalites in the Trans-North China Orogen IIcame from a provenance different from that of the Khondalite Belt in the Western Block. Above results suggest that the Ordos Terrane of the Western Block may have early Archean nuclei that underwent a major crustal accretion from the mantle at 2.6 Ga and a significant juvenile crustal growth at 2.0-2.1 Ga. This is in striking contrast with the Eastern Block, which has two crustal growth peaks at 3.6-3.2 Ga and 3.0-2.6 Ga, and 2.8 Ga is the dominant time for crustal formation. These data clearly demonstrate that the Eastern and Western Blocks evolved separately before they collided to form the coherent North China Craton at 1.8 Ga. III DOI: 10.5353/th_b3577369 Subjects: Zircon - China Isotope

Metamorphic Geology

Metamorphic Geology Book
Author : S. Ferrero,P. Lanari,P. Goncalves,E. G. Grosch
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release : 2019-04-17
ISBN : 1786204002
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In Earth evolution, mountain belts are the loci of crustal growth, reworking and recycling. These crustal-scale processes are unravelled through microscale investigations of textures and mineral assemblages of metamorphic rocks. Multiple episodes of metamorphism, re-equilibration and deformation, however, generally produce a complex and tightly interwoven pattern of microstructures and assemblages. Over the last two decades, the combination of advanced computing and technological capabilities with new concepts has provided a vast array of novel petrological tools and high-resolution/high-sensitivity techniques for microanalysis and imaging. Such novel approaches are proving fundamental to untangling the enigma represented by metamorphism with an unprecedented level of detail and confidence. As a result, the first decade and a half of this century has already seen the tumultuous development of new research avenues in metamorphic petrology. This book aims to provide a timely overview of the state of the art of this field, of newly developed petrological techniques, future advancements and significant new case studies.

The Tectonics and Metallogenesis of Asia

The Tectonics and Metallogenesis of Asia Book
Author : Tianfeng Wan
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-09-18
ISBN : 9811530327
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Tectonics and Metallogenesis of Asia book written by Tianfeng Wan, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Dyke Swarms Time Markers of Crustal Evolution

Dyke Swarms   Time Markers of Crustal Evolution Book
Author : E. Hanski,S. Mertanen,T. Rämö,Jouni Vuollo
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2006-09-28
ISBN : 0415889383
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Dyke swarms are remnants of large igneous provinces, and are pointers of continental break-up events, as well as indicators for ancient continental reconstructions. These global geodynamic aspects are of crucial significance in tectonics, and with recent developments in high-precision age, dating it has become possible to enter these short-lived magmatic events into a global data base. Every five years, scientists have met to consider new results and potential directions relating to the study of igneous dykes. At the Fifth International Dyke Conference, held in Rovaniemi, Finland in August 2005, igneous dykes, with particular attention to mafic dykes and dyke swarms, came under scrutiny. The properties of dykes, from Archean to Miocene, were explored in terms of mineralogy, geochemistry, isotopes, geochronology and paleomagnetics. This is a selection of twelve papers presented in Rovaniemi, together with updates of six papers from the South African meeting in 2001. For those who wish to have a summary of the current international status of igneous dykes, and their significance in interpreting geological and tectonic processes, this book is invaluable.

Dyke Swarms Time Markers of Crustal Evolution

Dyke Swarms   Time Markers of Crustal Evolution Book
Author : E. Hanski,S. Mertanen,T. Rämö,Jouni Vuollo
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2006-09-28
ISBN : 1000006719
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Dyke swarms are remnants of large igneous provinces, and are pointers of continental break-up events, as well as indicators for ancient continental reconstructions. These global geodynamic aspects are of crucial significance in tectonics, and with recent developments in high-precision age, dating it has become possible to enter these short-lived ma