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Prebiotics And Probiotics In Human Milk

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Prebiotics and Probiotics in Human Milk

Prebiotics and Probiotics in Human Milk Book
Author : Michelle McGuire,Mark A McGuire,Lars Bode
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-10-06
ISBN : 0128027460
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Prebiotics and Probiotics in Human Milk: Origins and Functions of Milk-Borne Oligosaccharides and Bacteria provides a comprehensive, yet approachable, treatise on what is currently known about the origins and functions of human milk oligosaccharides (HMO), the complex sugars in milk that are not digested by the infant. The book examines how HMOs and bacteria in human milk may function independently and coordinately to influence both maternal and infant health. Human milk is the only food “designed specifically to nourish humans, indeed representing the essence of a perfect “functional food. And although researchers have been studying its composition for decades, surprisingly little is really understood about the origins and functions of its myriad components, an area that is especially true for HMOs and bacteria. This book provides a thorough review of the newest research on these inter-related milk constituents as written by a team of experts from both academia and industry who actively conduct HMO and human milk microbiome research as they endeavor to apply this new knowledge to infant nutrition. Each chapter provides objective rationale for what research is still needed in this rapidly evolving area, also discussing the challenges and opportunities faced by the industry in adding HMO and microbes to infant food products. This book is a valuable resource for nutrition researchers focused on infant nutrition, food scientists and product developers working on infant formula, and clinicians interested in broadening their understanding of the benefits of human milk for infants. Presents a reader-friendly, highly-curated text that includes a review of the literature related to origins, variability, metabolism, and functions of HMO and human milk bacteria Discusses the potential implications of HMO and milk microbiota to industry – for instance, utilization in the dairy industry and infant formula Consists of learning aids, such as pull quotes, critical summary statements, and an extensive list of published literature throughout

Prebiotics and Probiotics

Prebiotics and Probiotics Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2020-03-04
ISBN : 1789859212
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Probiotic bacteria are found in the intestinal microbiota of the host and favor multiple metabolic reactions. Prebiotics provide food for probiotic bacteria and have an effect on their own performance in favor of host health. Numerous metabolic and immunological mechanisms are involved in its effects. Probiotics have been studied for several decades and their use for human consumption is still unclear. However, new types of molecules with prebiotic functions and components of probiotic bacteria with therapeutic potential are still being studied. The versatility of these molecules makes their incorporation into human food and animal diets feasible. This book is a compendium of recent scientific information on the use of probiotics and prebiotics for the benefit of human and animal health.

Prebiotics and Probiotics Science and Technology

Prebiotics and Probiotics Science and Technology Book
Author : Dimitris Charalampopoulos,Robert A. Rastall
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-08-12
ISBN : 0387790578
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive overview on the advances in the field, this volume presents the science underpinning the probiotic and prebiotic effects, the latest in vivo studies, the technological issues in the development and manufacture of these types of products, and the regulatory issues involved. It will be a useful reference for both scientists and technologists working in academic and governmental institutes, and the industry.

Development and Manufacture of Yogurt and Other Functional Dairy Products

Development and Manufacture of Yogurt and Other Functional Dairy Products Book
Author : Fatih Yildiz
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-04-19
ISBN : 9781420082081
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While the science of yogurt is nearly as old as the origin of mankind, there have been rapid changes in yogurt development since the turn of the 19th century, fueled by continuing developments in biological sciences. Development and Manufacture of Yogurt and Other Functional Dairy Products presents a comprehensive review of all aspects of yogurt and other fermented dairy foods, including production, processing, preparation, regulations, and health aspects. Condensing more than 12,000 pages of recently published literature, expert contributors, including several clinicians, address the most recent developments in probiotics and the interaction between yogurt and immunological and intestinal bowel diseases. They explain how beneficial and harmful bacteria are colonized in the human intestinal system and how those bacteria can either strengthen or weaken immunological functions. This resource also explores the little-known varieties of functional dairy products – such as ayran, kefir, koumiss, cacik, and tarator – that are currently only consumed in small parts of the world but that are likely to reach supermarkets worldwide in the not-so-distant future. Development and Manufacture of Yogurt and Other Functional Dairy Products presents the most recent developments in biosciences and their applications in yogurt-human health interactions. The depth and breadth of coverage make this book an indispensable reference for those involved with the research and manufacturing of milk and dairy products.

Breastfeeding

Breastfeeding Book
Author : Ruth A. Lawrence, MD,Robert M. Lawrence, MD
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2015-10-26
ISBN : 0323357768
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The most authoritative, trusted guide to breastfeeding for the medical profession Stay informed on every aspect of breastfeeding, from basic data on the anatomical, physiological, biochemical, nutritional, immunological, and psychological aspects of human lactation, to the problems of clinical management of breastfeeding. Learn from the award-winning author and co-founder of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine, Dr. Ruth Lawrence, and her son, Dr. Rob Lawrence. Make appropriate drug recommendations, including approved medications, over-the-counter medications, and herbal remedies. Provide thoughtful guidance to the breastfeeding mother according to her circumstances, problems, and lifestyle from integrated coverage of evidence-based data and practical experience. Find what you need quickly with a new, streamlined approach that moves large tables and key references online. Treat conditions associated with breastfeeding and effectively manage the use of medications during lactation thanks to extensive, up-to-date, evidence-based information.

Breastfeeding E Book

Breastfeeding E Book Book
Author : Ruth A. Lawrence,Robert M. Lawrence
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2015-10-13
ISBN : 0323394205
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Stay informed on every aspect of breastfeeding, from basic data on the anatomical, physiological, biochemical, nutritional, immunological, and psychological aspects of human lactation, to the problems of clinical management of breastfeeding. Learn from the award-winning author and co-founder of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine, Dr. Ruth Lawrence, and her son, Dr. Rob Lawrence. Make appropriate drug recommendations, including approved medications, over-the-counter medications, and herbal remedies. Provide thoughtful guidance to the breastfeeding mother according to her circumstances, problems, and lifestyle from integrated coverage of evidence-based data and practical experience. Find what you need quickly with a new, streamlined approach. Treat conditions associated with breastfeeding and effectively manage the use of medications during lactation thanks to extensive, up-to-date, evidence-based information.

Fanaroff and Martin s Neonatal Perinatal Medicine E Book

Fanaroff and Martin s Neonatal Perinatal Medicine E Book Book
Author : Richard J. Martin,Avroy A. Fanaroff,Michele C. Walsh
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2010-10-04
ISBN : 0323081118
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fanaroff and Martin’s Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine covers everything you need to improve the quality of life and long-term outcomes of your patients. Drs. Richard J. Martin, Avroy A. Fanaroff, and Michele C. Walsh, along with a multi-disciplinary team of contributors guide you through the sweeping developments in diagnosis and treatment of the mother fetus, and neonate. The completely updated 9th edition keeps you current on the late preterm infant, the fetal origins of adult disease, neonatal anemia, genetic disorders, and more. Get comprehensive guidance on treating patients through a dual focus on neonatology and perinatology. See nuances and details in over 800 illustrations that depict disorders in the clinical setting and explain complex information. Find the information you need easily with indexing in both volumes that provides quick access to specific guidance. Spot genetic problems early and advise parents of concerns thanks to completely new section on this topic. Tackle the health problems associated with preterm births through a new chapter on The Late Preterm Infant. Understand the fetal origins of adult disease through a new chapter that focuses on conditions that originate in the womb. Stay current on the developments and research surrounding neonatal anemia from the entirely new chapter on Blood and Hematopoietic System highlights. Obtain more global perspectives and best practices from an increased number of international contributions in this edition.

Nelson Essentials of Pediatrics E Book

Nelson Essentials of Pediatrics E Book Book
Author : Karen Marcdante,Robert M. Kliegman
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2014-02-25
ISBN : 0323226981
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The resource of choice for pediatric residencies, clerkships, and exams, Nelson Essentials of Pediatrics continues to provide a focused overview of the core knowledge in pediatrics. Succinct, targeted coverage of normal childhood growth and development, as well as the diagnosis, management, and prevention of common pediatric diseases and disorders, make this an ideal medical reference book for students, pediatric residents, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants. Consult this title on your favorite e-reader, conduct rapid searches, and adjust font sizes for optimal readability. Get an effective overview of pediatrics with help from concise text, a full-color design, high-yield tables, and numerous images. Take advantage of a wealth of images that capture the clinical manifestations and findings associated with Kawasaki disease, lupus, lymphoma, stroke, and many other disorders seen in children. Efficiently review essential, concise pediatric content with this popular extension of the Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics (ISBN: 978-1-4377-0755-7). Focus on the core knowledge needed for your pediatric clerkship or rotation with coverage that follows the COMSEP curriculum guidelines. Easily visualize complex aspects with a full-color layout and images, as well as numerous tables throughout the text.

Issues in Complementary Feeding

Issues in Complementary Feeding Book
Author : Carlo Agostoni,Oscar Brunser
Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Release : 2007-01-01
ISBN : 3805582838
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This publication covers a wide range of topics connected with the concepts of complementary feeding. To start with, the focus is on breastfed infants as reference, looking at human milk as a model for the development of optimal foods in the complementary feeding period. The nutritional safety and quality of complementary foods, as well as the role of cereals, meat, dairy fermented products and local resources are discussed next, together with the possible implications for the use of functional nutrients. Within this context, the dietary requirements of children with certain medical conditions (from malnourished infants to those suffering from food allergy or celiac disease) are critically reassessed in the light of most recent observations. The presentations, coming from developing and transition to well-developed countries, remind us that the complementary feeding recommendations are still influenced by a mixture of tradition, history, policy, practice and science, and that any innovation should take into account all these points to be successful. This publication provides pediatricians, neonatologists, nutritionists and dieticians with a complete update on what is known and what is still unknown about the period when complementary feeding is implemented.

Personalized Nutrition for the Diverse Needs of Infants and Children

Personalized Nutrition for the Diverse Needs of Infants and Children Book
Author : Dennis M. Bier,J. Bruce German,Bo Lönnerdal
Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Release : 2008
ISBN : 3805585535
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Research shows that humans respond differently to diets and, moreover, that they display varying predispositions to many diet-dependent metabolic and degenerative diseases. The focus of nutritional science is thus shifting from dietary guidelines for populations to individualized foods and diets. It is the aim of nutrigenomics to assign this human diversity in nutritional response to diet - as well as the subsequent consequences to human health - to specific genetic elements. At the same time, evidence suggests that diet itself is a critical determinant of human diversity. Supplying answers to some crucial issues, as well as identifying directions for further research and practical applications by the food industry, this publication is an important source of information for all those involved in the subject of diet and individual responses.

Human Milk Biochemistry and Infant Formula Manufacturing Technology

Human Milk Biochemistry and Infant Formula Manufacturing Technology Book
Author : Mingruo Guo
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-09-24
ISBN : 0081028997
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human Milk Biochemistry and Infant Formula Manufacturing Technology, Second Edition covers the history of bottle feeding, its advantages and disadvantages when compared with breast-feeding, human milk biochemistry, trends and new developments in infant formula formulation and manufacturing, and best practices in infant formula processing technology and quality control. The book also covers human milk proteomics as a new, separate chapter and provides additional information on infant formula clinical trial guidelines. In addition, the book includes information about the formulation and processing of premature and low birth weight infant formula. This book is sure to be a welcome resource for professionals in the food and infant formula industry, academics and graduate students in fields like nutrition, food sciences, or nursing, nutritionists and health professionals, government officials working in relevant departments, and finally, anyone interested in human milk and infant formula. Reviews both human milk biochemistry and infant formula processing technology for broad coverage Features a comprehensive review on the human milk protein profile using proteomics technology Contains information on infant formula processing technology Provides guidelines on infant formula clinical trials and related topics

Missing Microbes

Missing Microbes Book
Author : Martin J. Blaser, MD
Publisher : Henry Holt and Company
Release : 2014-04-08
ISBN : 0805098119
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A critically important and startling look at the harmful effects of overusing antibiotics, from the field's leading expert Tracing one scientist's journey toward understanding the crucial importance of the microbiome, this revolutionary book will take readers to the forefront of trail-blazing research while revealing the damage that overuse of antibiotics is doing to our health: contributing to the rise of obesity, asthma, diabetes, and certain forms of cancer. In Missing Microbes, Dr. Martin Blaser invites us into the wilds of the human microbiome where for hundreds of thousands of years bacterial and human cells have existed in a peaceful symbiosis that is responsible for the health and equilibrium of our body. Now, this invisible eden is being irrevocably damaged by some of our most revered medical advances—antibiotics—threatening the extinction of our irreplaceable microbes with terrible health consequences. Taking us into both the lab and deep into the fields where these troubling effects can be witnessed firsthand, Blaser not only provides cutting edge evidence for the adverse effects of antibiotics, he tells us what we can do to avoid even more catastrophic health problems in the future.

Year Book of Neonatal and Perinatal Medicine 2011 E Book

Year Book of Neonatal and Perinatal Medicine 2011   E Book Book
Author : Avroy A. Fanaroff
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2011-09-01
ISBN : 0323087388
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Year Book of Neonatal and Perinatal Medicine brings you abstracts of the articles that reported the year's breakthrough developments in neontatology and perinatology, carefully selected from more than 500 journals worldwide. Dr. Avroy Fanaroff, Emeritus Professor as Case Western Reserve University, is a key opinion leader who has been a driving force in the field for many years. He authors many commentaries himself and has assembled top experts to select the most important journal articles and write commentaries that evaluate the clinical importance of each article and discuss its application to patient care. There's no faster or easier way to stay informed! This annual covers all aspects of care from the fetus, postnatal growth, labor and delivery, infectious diseases, respiratory disorders, cardiovascular health, and gastrointestinal health to name a few. The Year Book of Neonatal and Perinatal Medicine publishes annually in November.

Dairy Ingredients for Food Processing

Dairy Ingredients for Food Processing Book
Author : Ramesh C. Chandan,Arun Kilara
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2010-12-22
ISBN : 9780470959121
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The objective of this book is to provide a single reference source for those working with dairy-based ingredients, offering a comprehensive and practical account of the various dairy ingredients commonly used in food processing operations. The Editors have assembled a team of 25 authors from the United States, Australia, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom, representing a full range of international expertise from academic, industrial, and government research backgrounds. After introductory chapters which present the chemical, physical, functional and microbiological characteristics of dairy ingredients, the book addresses the technology associated with the manufacture of the major dairy ingredients, focusing on those parameters that affect their performance and functionality in food systems. The popular applications of dairy ingredients in the manufacture of food products such as dairy foods, bakery products, processed cheeses, processed meats, chocolate as well as confectionery products, functional foods, and infant and adult nutritional products, are covered in some detail in subsequent chapters. Topics are presented in a logical and accessible style in order to enhance the usefulness of the book as a reference volume. It is hoped that Dairy Ingredients for Food Processing will be a valuable resource for members of academia engaged in teaching and research in food science; regulatory personnel; food equipment manufacturers; and technical specialists engaged in the manufacture and use of dairy ingredients. Special features: Contemporary description of dairy ingredients commonly used in food processing operations Focus on applications of dairy ingredients in various food products Aimed at food professionals in R&D, QA/QC, manufacturing and management World-wide expertise from over 20 noted experts in academe and industry

Gut Insight

Gut Insight Book
Author : Jo Ann Hattner,Susan Anderes
Publisher : Hattner Nutrition
Release : 2009-03-06
ISBN : 0615285244
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Prebiotics and Probiotics

Prebiotics and Probiotics Book
Author : Shelly Jardine
Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
Release : 2009-08-10
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text provides information on prebiotics and probiotics, their general properties, technological applications and legislative aspect of adding prebiotics and probiotics to foods.

Moody Bitches

Moody Bitches Book
Author : Julie Holland
Publisher : Penguin
Release : 2015-03-03
ISBN : 069813642X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A groundbreaking guide for women of all ages that shows women’s inherent moodiness is a strength, not a weakness As women, we learn from an early age that our moods are a problem. Bitches are moody. To succeed in life, we are told, we must have it all under control. We have to tamp down our inherent shifts in favor of a more static way of being. But our bodies are wiser than we imagine. Moods are not an annoyance to be stuffed away. They are a finely-tuned feedback system that, if heeded, can tell us how best to manage our lives. Our changing moods let us know when our bodies are primed to tackle different challenges and when we should be alert to developing problems. They help us select the right tool for each of our many jobs. If we deny our emotionality, we deny the breadth of our talents. With the right care of our inherently dynamic bodies, we can master our moods to avail ourselves of this great natural strength. Yet millions of American women are medicating away their emotions because our culture says that moodiness is a problem to be fixed. One in four of us takes a psychiatric drug. If you add sleeping pills to the mix, the statistics become considerably higher. Over-prescribed medications can have devastating consequences for women in many areas of our lives: sex, relationships, sleep, eating, focus, balance, and aging. And even if we don’t pop a pill, women everywhere are numbing their emotions with food, alcohol, and a host of addictive behaviors that deny the wisdom of our bodies and keep us from addressing the real issues that we face. Dr. Julie Holland knows there is a better way. She’s been sharing her frank and funny wisdom with her patients for years, and in Moody Bitches Dr. Holland offers readers a guide to our bodies and our moodiness that includes insider information about the pros and cons of the drugs we’re being offered, the direct link between food and mood, an honest discussion about sex, practical exercise and sleep strategies, as well as some surprising and highly effective natural therapies that can help us press the reset button on our own bodies and minds. In the tradition of Our Bodies, Our Selves, this groundbreaking guide for women of all ages will forge a much needed new path in women’s health—and offer women invaluable information on how to live better, and be more balanced, at every stage of life.

Handbook of Fermented Meat and Poultry

Handbook of Fermented Meat and Poultry Book
Author : Fidel Toldrá
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-10-27
ISBN : 1118522672
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fermented meat products have been consumed for centuries in many different parts of the world and constitute one of the most important groups of food. Bacterial cultures are used in their manufacture to preserve the meat and confer particular textures and sensory attributes. Examples of fermented meats include salami, chorizo, pepperoni and saucisson. This fully revised and expanded reference book on meat fermentation presents all the principle fermented meat products and the processing technologies currently used in their manufacture. The 54 chapters of this substantial book are grouped into the following sections: Meat fermentation worldwide: overview, production and principles Raw materials Microbiology and starter cultures for meat fermentation Sensory attributes Product categories: general considerations Semidry-fermented sausages Dry-fermented sausages Other fermented meats and poultry Ripened meat products Biological and chemical safety of fermented meat products Processing sanitation and quality assurance There are five new chapters in the second edition that address the following topics: Smoking and new smoke flavourings; Probiotics; Methodologies for the study of the microbial ecology in fermented sausages; Low sodium in meat products; and Asian sausages. Handbook of Fermented Meat and Poultry, Second Edition provides readers with a full overview of meat fermentation, the role of microorganisms naturally present and/or added as starter cultures, safety aspects and an account of the main chemical, biochemical, physical and microbiological changes that occur in processing and how they affect final quality. Finally, readers will find the main types of worldwide fermented meat products, typically produced in different areas, with the description of their main characteristics.

Pediatric Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease E Book

Pediatric Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease E Book Book
Author : Robert Wyllie,Jeffrey S. Hyams
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2010-11-29
ISBN : 1437735665
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Pediatric Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease, by Drs. Robert Wyllie and Jeffrey S. Hyams provides the comprehensive reference you need to treat GI diseases in children. Review the latest developments in the field and get up-to-date clinical information on hot topics like polyps, capsule endoscopy, and pancreatic treatments. With expert guidance from an expanded international author base and online access to 475 board-review-style questions, this latest edition is a must-have for every practicing gastroenterologist. Confirm each diagnosis by consulting a section, organized by symptoms, that presents the full range of differential diagnoses and treatment options for each specific condition. Recognize disease processes at a glance with detailed diagrams that accurately illustrate complex concepts. Stay current with advances in the field by reviewing new chapters on Polyps and Polyposis Syndromes, Capsule Endoscopy and Small Bowel Enteroscopy, Small Bowel Transplantation, IBD, Short Gut Syndrome, Steatosis and Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease, and Pancreatic and Islet Cell Transplants. Gain fresh global perspectives from an expanded list of expert international contributors. Sharpen your visual recognition by accessing a color-plate section that displays additional endoscopy images. Prepare for certification or recertification with 475 online board review-style questions, answers, and rationales.

Smith s Anesthesia for Infants and Children E Book

Smith s Anesthesia for Infants and Children E Book Book
Author : Etsuro K. Motoyama
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2010-12-09
ISBN : 032308169X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Smith’s Anesthesia for Infants and Children, 8th Edition, edited by Drs. Peter J. Davis, Franklyn P. Cladis, and Etsuro K. Motoyama, delivers all the state-of-the-art guidance you need to provide optimal perioperative care for any type of pediatric surgery. Now in full color throughout, it also features online access to an image and video library, including ultrasound-guided pediatric regional blocks, review-style questions, plus the complete fully-searchable text at expertconsult.com. Get expert guidance from leading experts covering both basic science and clinical practice for every aspect of pediatric anesthesia. Incorporate the latest clinical guidelines and innovations in your practice. Find key facts fast with quick-reference appendices: drug dosages, growth curves, normal values for pulmonary function tests, and a listing of common and uncommon syndromes. Access the complete contents and illustrations online at expertconsult.com – fully searchable! Watch online video demonstrations of ultrasound-guided and conventional pediatric regional blocks, airway management, cardiac anesthesia, single-lung ventilation, neonatal surgery, and fetal surgery. Gain new insight into today’s hottest topics, including sleep-disordered breathing, cuffed endotracheal tubes, premedication, emergence agitation, postoperative vomiting, and new airway devices. Stay current with new chapters on ICU management, conjoined twins, and basic neonatal physiology, plus new coverage of pharmacology and monitoring techniques. Get outstanding visual guidance with full-color illustrations throughout the book.