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Porous Materials

Porous Materials Book
Author : Peisheng Liu,Guo-Feng Chen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-08-12
ISBN : 0124078370
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Engineers and scientists alike will find this book to be an excellent introduction to the topic of porous materials, in particular the three main groups of porous materials: porous metals, porous ceramics, and polymer foams. Beginning with a general introduction to porous materials, the next six chapters focus on the processing and applications of each of the three main materials groups. The book includes such new processes as gel-casting and freeze-drying for porous ceramics and self-propagating high temperature synthesis (SHS) for porous metals. The applications discussed are relevant to a wide number of fields and industries, including aerospace, energy, transportation, construction, electronics, biomedical and others. The book concludes with a chapter on characterization methods for some basic parameters of porous materials. Porous Materials: Processing and Applications is an excellent resource for academic and industrial researchers in porous materials, as well as for upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in materials science and engineering, physics, chemistry, mechanics, metallurgy, and related specialties. A comprehensive overview of processing and applications of porous materials – provides younger researchers, engineers and students with the best introduction to this class of materials Includes three full chapters on modern applications - one for each of the three main groups of porous materials Introduces readers to several characterization methods for porous materials, including methods for characterizing pore size, thermal conductivity, electrical resistivity and specific surface area

Porous Materials

Porous Materials Book
Author : Kozo Ishizaki,Sridhar Komarneni,Makoto Nanko
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-27
ISBN : 1461558115
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Approximately four million years of human history has passed. We have been using materials to make a variety of tools. The first materials used were naturally occurring materials such as animal bones, stones, wood etc.; and some of these familiar materials are porous. Porous materials are so familiar that they are sometimes forgotten or ignored. The taste experience of ice cream is created not only by adjusting ingre dients, but also by including air as an ingredient, i.e. pores that give the smooth texture of ice cream. This book is designed to describe and explain about pores, the synthesis of materials with pores (porous materials), and applications of porous materi als. This book is intended for engineers and scientists of different disciplines and specialities, and is expected to be useful in the design and synthesis of porous materials for existing as well as potential new applications. Let us rediscover pores. K. Ishizaki, S. Komameni and M. Nanko January 1998 1 Introduction 1.1 WHAT ARE POROUS MATERIALS? Porous materials are dermed as solids containing pores. Figure 1.1 shows different porous materials. Generally speaking, porous materials have a porosity of 0.2-0.95. The porosity means the fraction of pore volume to the total volume. Porous materials have been used in various applications from daily necessities, such as purifying drinking water by activated carbon or porous ceramics, to uses in modern industries, for example removing dusts from high purity process gases for semiconductor production.

Computer Simulation of Porous Materials

Computer Simulation of Porous Materials Book
Author : Kim E. Jelfs
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2021-09-08
ISBN : 1788019008
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers key approaches in the modelling of porous materials, with a focus on how these can be used for structure prediction and to rationalise or predict a range of properties.

Introduction to Porous Materials

Introduction to Porous Materials Book
Author : Pascal Van Der Voort,Karen Leus,Els De Canck
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-08-19
ISBN : 111942660X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first comprehensive textbook on the timely and rapidly developing topic of inorganic porous materials This is the first textbook to completely cover a broad range of inorganic porous materials. It introduces the reader to the development of functional porous inorganic materials, from the synthetic zeolites in the 50’s, to today’s hybrid materials such as metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), covalent organic frameworks (COFs) and related networks. It also provides the necessary background to understand how porous materials are organized, characterized, and applied in adsorption, catalysis, and many other domains. Additionally, the book explains characterization and application from the materials scientist viewpoint, giving the reader a practical approach on the characterization and application of the respective materials. Introduction to Inorganic Porous Materials begins by describing the basic concepts of porosity and the different types of pores, surfaces, and amorphous versus crystalline materials, before introducing readers to nature’s porous materials. It then goes on to cover everything from adsorption and catalysis to amorphous materials such as silica to inorganic carbons and Periodic Mesoporous Organosilicas (PMOs). It discusses the synthesis and applications of MOFs and the broad family of COFs. It concludes with a look at future prospects and emerging trends in the field. The only complete book of its kind to cover the wide variety of inorganic and hybrid porous materials A comprehensive reference and outstanding tool for any course on inorganic porous materials, heterogeneous catalysis, and adsorption Gives students and investigators the opportunity to learn about porous materials, how to characterize them, and understand how they can be applied in different fields Introduction to Inorganic Porous Materials is an excellent book for students and professionals of inorganic chemistry and materials science with an interest in porous materials, functional inorganic materials, heterogeneous catalysis and adsorption, and solid state characterization techniques.

Hierarchically Structured Porous Materials

Hierarchically Structured Porous Materials Book
Author : B.-L. Su,Clement Sanchez,Xiao-Yu Yang
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-04-06
ISBN : 3527639594
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This first book devoted to this hot field of science covers materials with bimodal, trimodal and multimodal pore size, with an emphasis on the successful design, synthesis and characterization of all kinds of hierarchically porous materials using different synthesis strategies. It details formation mechanisms related to different synthesis strategies while also introducing natural phenomena of hierarchy and perspectives of hierarchical science in polymers, physics, engineering, biology and life science. Examples are given to illustrate how to design an optimal hierarchically porous material for specific applications ranging from catalysis and separation to biomedicine, photonics, and energy conversion and storage. With individual chapters written by leading experts, this is the authoritative treatment, serving as an essential reference for researchers and beginners alike.

Electrochemistry of Porous Materials

Electrochemistry of Porous Materials Book
Author : Antonio Doménech Carbó
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-05-21
ISBN : 1000370437
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Electrochemistry of Porous Materials describes essential theoretical aspects of the electrochemistry of nanostructured materials and primary applications, incorporating the advances in the field in the last ten years including recent theoretical formulations and the incorporation of novel materials. Concentrating on nanostructured micro- and mesoporous materials, the highly anticipated Second Edition offers a more focused and practical analysis of key porous materials considered relatively homogeneous from an electrochemical point of view. The author details the use of electrochemical methods in materials science for characterization and their applications in the fields of analysis, energy production and storage, environmental remediation, and the biomedical arena. Additional features include: Incorporates new theoretical advances in the voltammetry of porous materials and multiphase porous electrochemistry. Includes new developments in sensing, energy production and storage, degradation of pollutants, desalination and drug release. Describes redox processes for different porous materials, assessing their electrochemical applications. Written at an accessible and understandable level for researchers and graduate students working in the field of material chemistry. Selective and streamlined, Electrochemistry of Porous Materials, Second Edition culls a wide range of relevant and practically useful material from the extensive literature on the subject, making it an invaluable reference for readers of all levels of understanding.

Porous Materials for Carbon Dioxide Capture

Porous Materials for Carbon Dioxide Capture Book
Author : An-Hui Lu,Sheng Dai
Publisher : Springer Science & Business
Release : 2014-04-17
ISBN : 3642546463
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This multi-authored book provides a comprehensive overview of the latest developments in porous CO2 capture materials, including ionic liquid–derived carbonaceous adsorbents, porous carbons, metal-organic frameworks, porous aromatic frameworks, micro porous organic polymers. It also reviews the sorption techniques such as cyclic uptake and desorption reactions and membrane separations. In each category, the design and fabrication, the comprehensive characterization, the evaluation of CO2 sorption/separation and the sorption/degradation mechanism are highlighted. In addition, the advantages and remaining challenges as well as future perspectives for each porous material are covered. This book is aimed at scientists and graduate students in such fields as separation, carbon, polymer, chemistry, material science and technology, who will use and appreciate this information source in their research. Other specialists may consult specific chapters to find the latest, authoritative reviews. Dr. An-Hui Lu is a Professor at the State Key Laboratory of Fine Chemicals, School of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Chemical, Environmental and Biological Science and Technology, Dalian University of Technology, China. Dr. Sheng Dai is a Corporate Fellow and Group Leader in the Chemical Sciences Division at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and a Professor of Chemistry at the University of Tennessee, USA.

Handbook Of Porous Materials Synthesis Properties Modeling And Key Applications In 4 Volumes

Handbook Of Porous Materials  Synthesis  Properties  Modeling And Key Applications  In 4 Volumes  Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2020-10-20
ISBN : 9811223246
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This four-volume handbook gives a state-of-the-art overview of porous materials, from synthesis and characterization and simulation all the way to manufacturing and industrial applications. The editors, coming from academia and industry, are known for their didactic skills as well as their technical expertise. Coordinating the efforts of 37 expert authors in 14 chapters, they construct the story of porous carbons, ceramics, zeolites and polymers from varied viewpoints: surface and colloidal science, materials science, chemical engineering, and energy engineering. Volumes 1 and 2 cover the fundamentals of preparation, characterisation, and simulation of porous materials. Working from the fundamentals all the way to the practicalities of industrial production processes, the subjects include hierarchical materials, in situ and operando characterisation using NMR, X-Ray scattering and tomography, state-of-the-art molecular simulations of adsorption and diffusion in crystalline nanoporous materials, as well as the emerging areas of bio-artificing and drug delivery. Volume 3 focuses on porous materials in industrial separation applications, including adsorption separation, membrane separation, and osmotic distillation. Finally, and highly relevant to tomorrow's energy challenges, Volume 4 explains the energy engineering aspects of applying porous materials in supercapacitors, fuel cells, batteries, electrolysers and sub-surface energy applications.The text contains many high-quality colourful illustrations and examples, as well as thousands of up-to-date references to peer-reviewed articles, reports and websites for further reading. This comprehensive and well-written handbook is a must-have reference for universities, research groups and companies working with porous materials.Related Link(s)

Introduction to Porous Materials

Introduction to Porous Materials Book
Author : Pascal Van Der Voort,Karen Leus,Els De Canck
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-06-26
ISBN : 1119426588
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first comprehensive textbook on the timely and rapidly developing topic of inorganic porous materials This is the first textbook to completely cover a broad range of inorganic porous materials. It introduces the reader to the development of functional porous inorganic materials, from the synthetic zeolites in the 50’s, to today’s hybrid materials such as metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), covalent organic frameworks (COFs) and related networks. It also provides the necessary background to understand how porous materials are organized, characterized, and applied in adsorption, catalysis, and many other domains. Additionally, the book explains characterization and application from the materials scientist viewpoint, giving the reader a practical approach on the characterization and application of the respective materials. Introduction to Inorganic Porous Materials begins by describing the basic concepts of porosity and the different types of pores, surfaces, and amorphous versus crystalline materials, before introducing readers to nature’s porous materials. It then goes on to cover everything from adsorption and catalysis to amorphous materials such as silica to inorganic carbons and Periodic Mesoporous Organosilicas (PMOs). It discusses the synthesis and applications of MOFs and the broad family of COFs. It concludes with a look at future prospects and emerging trends in the field. The only complete book of its kind to cover the wide variety of inorganic and hybrid porous materials A comprehensive reference and outstanding tool for any course on inorganic porous materials, heterogeneous catalysis, and adsorption Gives students and investigators the opportunity to learn about porous materials, how to characterize them, and understand how they can be applied in different fields Introduction to Inorganic Porous Materials is an excellent book for students and professionals of inorganic chemistry and materials science with an interest in porous materials, functional inorganic materials, heterogeneous catalysis and adsorption, and solid state characterization techniques.

Multiphysics in Porous Materials

Multiphysics in Porous Materials Book
Author : Zhen (Leo) Liu
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-07-12
ISBN : 3319930281
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book summarizes, defines, and contextualizes multiphysics with an emphasis on porous materials. It covers various essential aspects of multiphysics, from history, definition, and scope to mathematical theories, physical mechanisms, and numerical implementations. The emphasis on porous materials maximizes readers’ understanding as these substances are abundant in nature and a common breeding ground of multiphysical phenomena, especially complicated multiphysics. Dr. Liu’s lucid and easy-to-follow presentation serve as a blueprint on the use of multiphysics as a leading edge technique for computer modeling. The contents are organized to facilitate the transition from familiar, monolithic physics such as heat transfer and pore water movement to state-of-the-art applications involving multiphysics, including poroelasticity, thermohydro-mechanical processes, electrokinetics, electromagnetics, fluid dynamics, fluid structure interaction, and electromagnetomechanics. This volume serves as both a general reference and specific treatise for various scientific and engineering disciplines involving multiphysics simulation and porous materials.

Porous Materials

Porous Materials Book
Author : Juan Carlos Moreno-Piraján,Liliana Giraldo-Gutierrez,Fernando Gómez-Granados
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-03-10
ISBN : 3030659917
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is written in honor of Prof. Francisco Rodriguez-Reinoso, who has made significant contributions in the area of porous materials such as active carbons and graphenes. It details the preparation of porous materials, including carbonaceous, zeolitic, and siliceous materials, MOFs, aerogels, and xerogels, describing the characterization techniques and the interpretation of the results, and highlighting common errors that can occur during the process. This book subsequently presents the use of modeling based on thermodynamics to describe the materials. Lastly, it illustrates a number of current environmental protection applications in the context of both water and air.

Wicking in Porous Materials

Wicking in Porous Materials Book
Author : Reza Masoodi,Krishna M. Pillai
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-10-26
ISBN : 1439874328
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive presentation of wicking models developed in academia and industry, Wicking in Porous Materials: Traditional and Modern Modeling Approaches contains some of the most important approaches and methods available, from the traditional Washburn-type models to the latest Lattice-Boltzmann approaches developed during the last few years. It provides a sound conceptual framework for learning the science behind different mathematical models while at the same time being aware of the practical issues of model validation as well as measurement of important properties and parameters associated with various models. Top experts in the field reveal the secrets of their wicking models. The chapters cover the following topics: Wetting and wettability Darcy’s law for single- and multi-phase flows Traditional capillary models, such as the Washburn-equation based approaches Unsaturated-flow based methodologies (Richard’s Equation) Sharp-front (plug-flow) type approaches using Darcy’s law Pore network models for wicking after including various micro-scale fluid-flow phenomena Studying the effect of evaporation on wicking using pore network models Fractal-based methods Modeling methods based on mixture theory Lattice-Boltzmann method for modeling wicking in small scales Modeling wicking in swelling and non-rigid porous media This extensive look at the modeling of porous media compares various methods and treats traditional topics as well as modern technologies. It emphasizes experimental validation of modeling approaches as well as experimental determination of model parameters. Matching models to particular media, the book provides guidance on what models to use and how to use them.

Applied Micromechanics of Porous Materials

Applied Micromechanics of Porous Materials Book
Author : Luc Dormieux,Franz-Josef Ulm
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-03-23
ISBN : 3211380469
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Poromechanics is the mechanics of porous materials and is now a well established field in many engineering disciplines, ranging from Civil Engineering, Geophysics, Petroleum Engineering to Bioengineering. However, a rigorous approach that links the physics of the phenomena at stake in porous materials and the macroscopic behaviour is still missing. This book presents such an approach by means of homogenization techniques. Rigorously founded in various theories of micromechanics, these up scaling techniques are developed for the homogenization of transport properties, stiffness and strength properties of porous materials. The special feature of this book is the balance between theory and application, providing the reader with a comprehensive introduction to state-of-the-art homogenization theories and applications to a large range of real life porous materials: concrete, rocks, shales, bones, etc.

Ice Templating and Freeze Drying for Porous Materials and Their Applications

Ice Templating and Freeze Drying for Porous Materials and Their Applications Book
Author : Haifei Zhang
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-10-22
ISBN : 3527342729
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Filling a gap in the literature, this is the first book to focus on the fabrication of functional porous materials by using ice templating and freeze drying. Comprehensive in its scope, the volume covers such techniques as the fabrication of porous polymers, porous ceramics, biomimic strong composites, carbon nanostructured materials, nanomedicine, porous nanostructures by freeze drying of colloidal or nanoparticle suspensions, and porous materials by combining ice templating and other techniques. In addition, applications for each type of material are also discussed. Of great benefit to those working in the freeze-drying field and researchers in porous materials, materials chemistry, engineering, and the use of such materials for various applications, both in academia and industry.

Evaluation of Porous Materials for Boundary layer Control

Evaluation of Porous Materials for Boundary layer Control Book
Author : Battelle Memorial Institute,David E. Debeau
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1956
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Evaluation of Porous Materials for Boundary layer Control book written by Battelle Memorial Institute,David E. Debeau, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Shock Phenomena in Granular and Porous Materials

Shock Phenomena in Granular and Porous Materials Book
Author : Tracy J. Vogler,D. Anthony Fredenburg
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-09-04
ISBN : 3030230023
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Granular forms of common materials such as metals and ceramics, sands and soils, porous energetic materials (explosives, reactive mixtures), and foams exhibit interesting behaviors due to their heterogeneity and critical length scale, typically commensurate with the grain or pore size. Under extreme conditions of impact, granular and porous materials display highly localized phenomena such as fracture, inelastic deformation, and the closure of voids, which in turn strongly influence the bulk response. Due to the complex nature of these interactions and the short time scales involved, computational methods have proven to be powerful tools to investigate these phenomena. Thus, the coupled use of experiment, theory, and simulation is critical to advancing our understanding of shock processes in initially porous and granular materials. This is a comprehensive volume on granular and porous materials for researchers working in the area of shock and impact physics. The book is divided into three sections, where the first presents the fundamentals of shock physics as it pertains to the equation of state, compaction, and strength properties of porous materials. Building on these fundamentals, the next section examines several applications where dynamic processes involving initially porous materials are prevalent, focusing on the areas of penetration, planetary impact, and reactive munitions. The final section provides a look at emerging areas in the field, where the expansion of experimental and computational capabilities are opening the door for new opportunities in the areas of advanced light sources, molecular dynamics modeling, and additively manufactured porous structures. By intermixing experiment, theory, and simulation throughout, this book serves as an excellent, up-to-date desk reference for those in the field of shock compression science of porous and granular materials.

Advanced Functional Porous Materials

Advanced Functional Porous Materials Book
Author : Arya Uthaman,Sabu Thomas,Tianduo Li,Hanna Maria
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-11-13
ISBN : 3030853977
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents synthesis, characterization, and applications of macroporous, mesoporous, nanoporous, hierarchical porous, porous metals, and porous ceramics. Special emphasis is given to the preparation of porous activated carbon materials and porous ionic liquid-derived materials for CO2 emissions mitigation. Additionally, a chapter includes the physical and mathematical modeling in porous media. Many analytical techniques for characterization are discussed in this book. Also, the biomedical and industrial applications of porous materials in adsorption, catalysis, biosensors, drug delivery, nanotechnology are described. The content helps solving fundamental and applied problems in porous materials with length scales varying from macro- to nano-level.

Dynamic Response of Granular and Porous Materials under Large and Catastrophic Deformations

Dynamic Response of Granular and Porous Materials under Large and Catastrophic Deformations Book
Author : Kolumban Hutter,Nina Kirchner
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-02-26
ISBN : 3540365656
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A "Sonderforschungsbereich" (SFB) is a programme of the "Deutsche For schungsgemeinschaft" to financially support a concentrated research effort of a number of scientists located principally at one University, Research La boratory or a number of these situated in close proximity to one another so that active interaction among individual scientists is easily possible. Such SFB are devoted to a topic, in our case "Deformation and Failure in Metallic and Granular M aterialK' , and financing is based on a peer reviewed proposal for three (now four) years with the intention of several prolongations after evaluation of intermediate progress and continuation reports. An SFB is terminated in general by a formal workshop, in which the state of the art of the achieved results is presented in oral or I and poster communications to which also guests are invited with whom the individual project investigators may have collaborated. Moreover, a research report in book form is produced in which a number of articles from these lectures are selected and collected, which present those research results that withstood a rigorous reviewing pro cess (with generally two or three referees). The theme deformation and failure of materials is presented here in two volumes of the Lecture Notes in Applied and Computational Mechanics by Springer Verlag, and the present volume is devoted to granular and porous continua. The complementary volume (Lecture Notes in Applied and Com putational Mechanics, vol. 10, Eds. K. HUTTER & H.

Turbulent Impinging Jets into Porous Materials

Turbulent Impinging Jets into Porous Materials Book
Author : Marcelo J.S. de Lemos
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-04-23
ISBN : 3642282768
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This short book deals with the mathematical modeling of jets impinging porous media. It starts with a short introduction to models describing turbulences in porous media as well as turbulent heat transfer. In its main part, the book presents the heat transfer of impinging jets using a local and a non-local thermal equilibrium approach.

Industrial and Technological Applications of Transport in Porous Materials

Industrial and Technological Applications of Transport in Porous Materials Book
Author : J.M.P.Q. Delgado
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-08-17
ISBN : 3642374697
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The purpose of this book, Industrial and Technological Applications of Transport in Porous Materials, is to provide a collection of recent contributions in the field of heat and mass transfer in porous media and their industrial and technological applications. The main benefit of the book is that it discusses some of the most important topics related to transport phenomenon in engineering and their future applications. It includes a set of new technological applications in the field of heat and mass transfer phenomena in a porous medium domain, such as, drying technology, filtration, infrared thermography, energy, recycling, etc. At the same time, these topics will be going to the encounter of a variety of scientific and engineering disciplines, such as chemical, civil, agricultural, mechanical engineering, etc. The book is divided in several chapters that intend to be a resume of the current state of knowledge for benefit of professional colleagues.