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Porous Carbons

Porous Carbons Book
Author : Michio Inagaki,Hiroyuki Itoi,Feiyu Kang
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-09-15
ISBN : 9780128221150
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon materials form pores ranging in size and morphology, from micropores of less than 1nm, to macropores of more than 50nm, and from channel-like spaces with homogenous diameters in carbon nanotubes, to round spaces in various fullerene cages, including irregularly-shaped pores in polycrystalline carbon materials. The large quantity and rapid rate of absorption of various molecules made possible by these attributes of carbon materials are now used in the storage of foreign atoms and ions for energy storage, conversion and adsorption, and for environmental remediation. Porous Carbons: Syntheses and Applications focuses on the fabrication and application of porous carbons. It considers fabrication at three scales: micropores, mesopores, and macropores. Carbon foams, sponges, and 3D-structured carbons are detailed. The title presents applications in four key areas: energy storage, energy conversion, energy adsorption, including batteries, supercapacitors, and fuel cells and environmental remediation, emphasizing the importance of pore structures at the three scales, and the diffusion and storage of various ions and molecules. The book presents a short history of each technique and material, and assesses advantages and disadvantages. This focused book provides researchers with a comprehensive understanding of both pioneering and current synthesis techniques for porous carbons, and their modern applications. Presents modern porous carbon synthesis techniques and modern applications of porous carbons Presents current research on porous carbons in energy storage, conversion and adsorption, and in environmental remediation Provides a history and assessment of both pioneering and current cutting-edge synthesis techniques and materials Covers a significant range of precursor materials, preparation techniques, and characteristics Considers the future development of porous carbons and their various potential applications

Porous Carbons Hyperbranched Polymers Polymer Solvation

Porous Carbons     Hyperbranched Polymers     Polymer Solvation Book
Author : Timothy E. Long,Brigitte Voit,Oguz Okay
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-12-26
ISBN : 3319136178
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The series Advances in Polymer Science presents critical reviews of the present and future trends in polymer and biopolymer science. It covers all areas of research in polymer and biopolymer science including chemistry, physical chemistry, physics, material science. The thematic volumes are addressed to scientists, whether at universities or in industry, who wish to keep abreast of the important advances in the covered topics. Advances in Polymer Science enjoy a longstanding tradition and good reputation in its community. Each volume is dedicated to a current topic, and each review critically surveys one aspect of that topic, to place it within the context of the volume. The volumes typically summarize the significant developments of the last 5 to 10 years and discuss them critically, presenting selected examples, explaining and illustrating the important principles, and bringing together many important references of primary literature. On that basis, future research directions in the area can be discussed. Advances in Polymer Science volumes thus are important references for every polymer scientist, as well as for other scientists interested in polymer science - as an introduction to a neighboring field, or as a compilation of detailed information for the specialist. Review articles for the individual volumes are invited by the volume editors. Single contributions can be specially commissioned. Readership: Polymer scientists, or scientists in related fields interested in polymer and biopolymer science, at universities or in industry, graduate students.

Porous Materials for Carbon Dioxide Capture

Porous Materials for Carbon Dioxide Capture Book
Author : An-Hui Lu,Sheng Dai
Publisher : Springer Science & Business
Release : 2014-04-17
ISBN : 3642546463
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This multi-authored book provides a comprehensive overview of the latest developments in porous CO2 capture materials, including ionic liquid–derived carbonaceous adsorbents, porous carbons, metal-organic frameworks, porous aromatic frameworks, micro porous organic polymers. It also reviews the sorption techniques such as cyclic uptake and desorption reactions and membrane separations. In each category, the design and fabrication, the comprehensive characterization, the evaluation of CO2 sorption/separation and the sorption/degradation mechanism are highlighted. In addition, the advantages and remaining challenges as well as future perspectives for each porous material are covered. This book is aimed at scientists and graduate students in such fields as separation, carbon, polymer, chemistry, material science and technology, who will use and appreciate this information source in their research. Other specialists may consult specific chapters to find the latest, authoritative reviews. Dr. An-Hui Lu is a Professor at the State Key Laboratory of Fine Chemicals, School of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Chemical, Environmental and Biological Science and Technology, Dalian University of Technology, China. Dr. Sheng Dai is a Corporate Fellow and Group Leader in the Chemical Sciences Division at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and a Professor of Chemistry at the University of Tennessee, USA.

Synthesis Characterization of Novel Porous Carbon Materials and Their Application in CO2 Capture

Synthesis  Characterization of Novel Porous Carbon Materials and Their Application in CO2 Capture Book
Author : Xiaotian Zhang
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This research is aimed at developing novel, porous activated carbon materials that are used for CO2 capture. The research is mainly composed of two parts: synthesis, characterization of novel porous carbons produced via KOH activation; and evaluation of their preliminary CO2 capture performances. Various kinds of porous carbons were synthesized via KOH activation method. Through activation of multi-wall carbon nanotubes, the mechanism of pore formation was proposed. This understanding of the pore-forming mechanism also provides a good platform to investigate the effect of absorbent's pore structures on its CO2 capture behavior. This study demonstrated the significant role of pore sizes less than 1 nm in the physisorption of CO2 molecules. Furthermore, activated carbons with ultrahigh surface area were synthesized by KOH activation of polyaniline. By studying the effect of the preheating stage, it was determined that formation of network-like nanostructure at preheating stage of the activation process is beneficial to the pore development and can lead to activated carbons with exceptionally high surface area. It is believed that this mechanism could be applied to the activation of other carbon precursors in order to achieve improved specific surface area (SSA) and micropore volume. The evaluation of the CO2 capture performances were conducted for two novel activated carbons: porous carbons derived from a liquid carbon precursor (polyethylenimine), and LiCl-incorporated activated carbons. For the porous carbons derived from polyethylenimine, they possess microporosity and rich nitrogen content. At 1 bar the CO2 uptake of the carbons was 4.9-5.7 mmol g-1 at 0 oC. These carbons also demonstrated a selectivity of 33 for CO2 over N2 at 25 oC and less than 1% decrease of the performance after 30 cycles. For LiCl-incorporated porous carbons, the CO2 adsorption capacity decreased after LiCl incorporation, mainly because of blocking of the small micropores. However, the increase of initial Qst after LiCl incorporation indicated a positive role of LiCl in terms of CO2 interaction with sorbent surfaces.

Characterization of Amorphous Porous Carbons Based Upon Structural Enhancement of Sorption Potentials

Characterization of Amorphous Porous Carbons Based Upon Structural Enhancement of Sorption Potentials Book
Author : Robert J. Dombrowski
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Characterization of Amorphous Porous Carbons Based Upon Structural Enhancement of Sorption Potentials book written by Robert J. Dombrowski, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Adsorption on Nonporous and Microporous Carbons

Adsorption on Nonporous and Microporous Carbons Book
Author : Charles Loren Rhykerd
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Molecular simulation was used to calculate methane adsorption and diffusion in a 19 A wide carbon slit at temperatures between 60 and 135 K. Layering, capillary condensation, and freezing transitions were observed. Diffusion near the carbon surface is much slower than in the bulk.

Porous Carbon Materials from Sustainable Precursors

Porous Carbon Materials from Sustainable Precursors Book
Author : Robin J White
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2015-02-11
ISBN : 1782624430
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Porous carbon materials are at the heart of many applications, including renewable energy storage and generation, due to their superior physical properties and availability. The environmentally-friendly production of these materials is crucial for a sustainable future. This book focuses on the transformation of sustainable precursors into functional, porous carbonaceous materials via the two most significant approaches: Starbon® and Hydrothermal Carbonisation. Covering cutting-edge research and emerging areas, chapters cover applications of porous carbon materials in catalysis and separation science as well as in energy science. Moreover, the challenges of characterization of these materials and their commercialization are explained by worldwide experts. The content will be accessible and valuable to post-graduate students and senior researchers alike and it will serve as a significant reference for academics and industrialists working in the areas of materials science, catalysis and separation science.

Environmental Perspectives

Environmental Perspectives Book
Author : Caroline Jeanne Roush
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Environmental Perspectives book written by Caroline Jeanne Roush, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Porous Materials

Porous Materials Book
Author : Juan Carlos Moreno-Piraján
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-07-29
ISBN : 3030659917
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Porous Materials book written by Juan Carlos Moreno-Piraján, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Synthesis Characterization and Electrochemical Applications of Multi Scale Porous Carbons

Synthesis  Characterization and Electrochemical Applications of Multi Scale Porous Carbons Book
Author : Fujun Li
Publisher : Open Dissertation Press
Release : 2017-01-26
ISBN : 9781361267905
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This dissertation, "Synthesis, Characterization and Electrochemical Applications of Multi-scale Porous Carbons" by Fujun, Li, 李福军, was obtained from The University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong) and is being sold pursuant to Creative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License. The content of this dissertation has not been altered in any way. We have altered the formatting in order to facilitate the ease of printing and reading of the dissertation. All rights not granted by the above license are retained by the author. DOI: 10.5353/th_b4714771 Subjects: Porous materials Carbon

Argon Adsorption Studies of Porous Carbons

Argon Adsorption Studies of Porous Carbons Book
Author : Leon C. Gardner
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Argon Adsorption Studies of Porous Carbons book written by Leon C. Gardner, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Electrochemistry of Porous Materials

Electrochemistry of Porous Materials Book
Author : Antonio Doménech Carbó
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2009-12-10
ISBN : 9781439806340
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Porous materials continue to attract considerable attention because of their wide variety of scientific and technological applications, such as catalysis, shape- and size-selective absorption and adsorption, gas storage, and electrode materials. Both research and applications of porous materials—via electroanalysis, electrosynthesis, sensing, fuel cells, capacitors, electro-optical devices, etc.—heavily rely on electrochemistry. Electrochemistry of Porous Materials focuses on generalized theoretical modeling and describes redox processes for different porous materials, assessing their electrochemical applications. Considering the large variety of materials that can be classified as porous, the text focuses on nanostructured micro- and mesoporous materials. Using this approach, the book offers a more focused and practical analysis of key porous materials that are considered relatively homogeneous from an electrochemical point of view. These include: Porous silicates and aluminosilicates Porous metal oxides and related compounds Porous polyoxometalates Metal-organic frameworks Porous carbons, nanotubes, and fullerenes Porous polymers and certain hybrid materials With its detailed presentation of advances in electrochemistry of nanostructured materials, this text specifically addresses the foundation and applications of the electrochemistry of microporous materials. It incorporates the latest breakthroughs in applied fields (development of fuel cells, supercapacitors, etc.) and fundamental research (in areas including fractal scaling, photoelectrocatalysis, magnetoelectrochemistry, etc.). Designed to make the topic accessible and understandable for researchers and graduate students working in the field of material chemistry, this volume approximates porous materials chemistry to electrochemists. Selective and streamlined, it culls a wide range of relevant and practically useful material from the extensive literature on the subject, making it an invaluable reference for readers of all levels of understanding.

Effect of Porous Structure on Carbon Activation

Effect of Porous Structure on Carbon Activation Book
Author : Colorado. University. Chemical Engineering Department,Ronald Emmett West,University of Colorado. Chemical Engineering Department,United States. Environmental Protection Agency
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1971
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Effect of Porous Structure on Carbon Activation book written by Colorado. University. Chemical Engineering Department,Ronald Emmett West,University of Colorado. Chemical Engineering Department,United States. Environmental Protection Agency, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Nanocasting

Nanocasting Book
Author : An-Hui Lu,Dongyuan Zhao,Ying Wan
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0854041885
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanostructured materials with tailored properties are regarded as a fundamental element in the development of future science and technology. Research is still ongoing into the nanosized construction elements required to create functional solids. The recently developed technique, nanocasting, has great advantage over others in terms of the synthesis of special nanostructured materials by the careful choice of suitable elements and nanoengineering steps. This new book summarizes the recent developments in nanocasting, including the principles of nanocasting, syntheses of novel nanostructured materials, characterization methods, detailed synthetic recipes and further possible development in this area. The book focuses on the synthesis of porous solids from the viewpoint of methodology and introduces the science of nanocasting from fundamental principles to their use in synthesis of various materials. It starts by outlining the principles of nanocasting, requirements to the templates and precursors and the tools needed to probe matter at the nanoscale level. It describes how to synthesize nano structured porous solids with defined characteristics and finally discusses the functionalization and application of porous solids. Special attention is given to new developments in this field and future perspectives. A useful appendix covering the detailed synthetic recipes of various templates including porous silica, porous carbon and colloidal spheres is included which will be invaluable to researchers wanting to follow and reproduce nanocast materials. Topics covered in the book include: * inorganic chemistry * organic chemistry * solution chemistry * sol-gel and interface science * acid-base equilibria * electrochemistry * biochemistry * confined synthesis The book gives readers not only an overview of nanocasting technology, but also sufficient information and knowledge for those wanting to prepare various nanostructured materials without needing to search the available literature.

From Zeolites to Porous MOF Materials the 40th Anniversary of International Zeolite Conference 2 Vol Set

From Zeolites to Porous MOF Materials   the 40th Anniversary of International Zeolite Conference  2 Vol Set Book
Author : Ruren Xu,Jiesheng Chen,Zi Gao,Wenfu Yan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2007-07-12
ISBN : 9780080548852
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Proceedings of the 15th International Zeolite Conference contain 291 full papers, including the full papers of 5 plenary lecture, 12 keynote lectures, and 4 invited lectures at the R. M. Barrer Symposium. The topics of these full papers include synthesis, modifications, structures, characterization, adsorption, separation and diffusion, catalysis, host-guest chemistry and advanced materials, industrial applications, theory and modeling, mesostructured materials, MOF materials, and natural zeolites. The other 271 full papers were selected from the about 1000 contributions submitted to the 15th IZC. - Most recent research results in zeolite science - Full indexes - Wide coverage of zeolite science and technology

3rd International Workshop on Dynamics in Confinement

3rd International Workshop on Dynamics in Confinement Book
Author : Michael Koza,Bernhard Frick,Reiner Zorn
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download 3rd International Workshop on Dynamics in Confinement book written by Michael Koza,Bernhard Frick,Reiner Zorn, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Novel Carbon Adsorbents

Novel Carbon Adsorbents Book
Author : J. M. D. Tascón
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0080977448
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Following in the lineage of Adsorption by Carbons (Bottani & Tascon, 2008), this work explores current research within contemporary novel carbon adsorbents. Both basic and applied aspects are discussed for this important class of materials. The first section of the book introduces physical adsorption and carbonaceous materials, and is followed by a section concerning the fundamentals of adsorption by carbons. This leads to development of a series of theoretical concepts that serve as an introduction to the following section in which adsorption is mainly envisaged as a tool to characterize the porous texture and surface chemistry of carbons. Particular attention is paid to novel nanocarbons, and the electrochemistry of adsorption by carbons is also addressed. Finally, several important technological applications of gas and liquid adsorption by carbons in areas such as environmental protection and energy storage constitute the last section of the book. Encompasses fundamental science of adsorption by carbons, in one location, supporting current R&D without extensive literature review Describes adsorption as it is currently applied to major novel types of carbon materials, including carbon gels, carbide-derived carbons, zeolite-templated carbvons, hydrothermal carbons, carbon nanohorns and graphene Specific discussion of fuel storage, environmental remediation and biomedical applications, of contemporary interest to many surface chemists and applications-focused researchers

Studies on Porous Monolithic Materials Prepared via Sol Gel Processes

Studies on Porous Monolithic Materials Prepared via Sol   Gel Processes Book
Author : George Hasegawa
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-10-03
ISBN : 4431541985
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This thesis focuses on porous monolithic materials that are not in the forms of particles, fibers, or films. In particular, the synthetic strategy of porous monolithic materials via the sol–gel method accompanied by phase separation, which is characterized as the non-templating method for tailoring well-defined macropores, is described from the basics to actual synthesis. Porous materials are attracting more and more attention in various fields such as electronics, energy storage, catalysis, sensing, adsorbents, biomedical science, and separation science. To date, many efforts have been made to synthesize porous materials in various chemical compositions—organics, inorganics including metals, glasses and ceramics, and organic-inorganic hybrids. Also demonstrated in this thesis are the potential applications of synthesized porous monolithic materials to separation media as well as to electrodes for electric double-layer capacitors (EDLCs) and Li-ion batteries (LIBs). This work is ideal for graduate students in materials science and is also useful to engineers or scientists seeking basic knowledge of porous monolithic materials.

Characterization of Porous Solids

Characterization of Porous Solids Book
Author : H. Kral,Jean Rouquerol,Kenneth S.W. Sing,KK Unger
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1988-04-01
ISBN : 9780080960739
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The importance of porosity has long been recognized by scientists and engineers. Porous solids are widely encountered in industry and everyday life and their behaviour, e.g. chemical reactivity, adsorptive capacity, and catalytic activity is dependent on their pore structure. A considerable amount of work on porous solids has been undertaken both in academic and in industrial laboratories. However, all this activity is in urgent need of a critical appraisal. To undertake this task, a number of leading experts in the field of adsorption, porosimetry, X-ray and neutron scattering, optical and electron microscopy, calorimetry and fluid permeation, were brought together at the 1987 IUPAC (COPS I) Symposium. This proceedings volume provides an up-to-date overall review of the theoretical foundations for modelling and characterizing porous systems. It deals with most of the techniques in current use as applied to both model systems and porous solids of industrial importance. The reader will find the description and discussion of a number of novel techniques as well as a critical appraisal and comparison of the more established methods. All those concerned with the characterization of porous solids in academic and industrial laboratories will find much to interest them in this volume. It should be on the bookshelf of applied research centres involved in adsorption, catalysis, purification of gases and liquids, pigments, fillers, building materials, etc.

Ice Templating and Freeze Drying for Porous Materials and Their Applications

Ice Templating and Freeze Drying for Porous Materials and Their Applications Book
Author : Haifei Zhang
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-10-22
ISBN : 3527342729
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Filling a gap in the literature, this is the first book to focus on the fabrication of functional porous materials by using ice templating and freeze drying. Comprehensive in its scope, the volume covers such techniques as the fabrication of porous polymers, porous ceramics, biomimic strong composites, carbon nanostructured materials, nanomedicine, porous nanostructures by freeze drying of colloidal or nanoparticle suspensions, and porous materials by combining ice templating and other techniques. In addition, applications for each type of material are also discussed. Of great benefit to those working in the freeze-drying field and researchers in porous materials, materials chemistry, engineering, and the use of such materials for various applications, both in academia and industry.