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Population Health

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The Future of the Public s Health in the 21st Century

The Future of the Public s Health in the 21st Century Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention,Committee on Assuring the Health of the Public in the 21st Century
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2003-02-01
ISBN : 0309133181
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The anthrax incidents following the 9/11 terrorist attacks put the spotlight on the nation's public health agencies, placing it under an unprecedented scrutiny that added new dimensions to the complex issues considered in this report. The Future of the Public's Health in the 21st Century reaffirms the vision of Healthy People 2010, and outlines a systems approach to assuring the nation's health in practice, research, and policy. This approach focuses on joining the unique resources and perspectives of diverse sectors and entities and challenges these groups to work in a concerted, strategic way to promote and protect the public's health. Focusing on diverse partnerships as the framework for public health, the book discusses: The need for a shift from an individual to a population-based approach in practice, research, policy, and community engagement. The status of the governmental public health infrastructure and what needs to be improved, including its interface with the health care delivery system. The roles nongovernment actors, such as academia, business, local communities and the media can play in creating a healthy nation. Providing an accessible analysis, this book will be important to public health policy-makers and practitioners, business and community leaders, health advocates, educators and journalists.

The Health of Populations

The Health of Populations Book
Author : Jack James
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-11-02
ISBN : 0128028130
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Health of Populations: Beyond Medicine uses current research and in-depth analysis to provide insights into the issues and challenges of population health; a subject of increasing concern, due largely to rapid population growth, population aging, rising costs and diminishing resources, health inequality, and the global rise in noncommunicable diseases. Reducing the global burden of disease requires prevention of disease incidence, which is achievable through reduction of exposure to primary (behavioral) and secondary (biomedical) risk factors. The 15 chapters of the book are divided into three sections that focus on the science of health, the harm of medicine, and how to achieve optimal health. By highlighting the benefits of preventing incidence of disease, this book illustrates how biomedicine needs to be repositioned form being the dominant approach in healthcare to being an adjunct to behavioral, legislative, social, and other preventive means for optimizing population health. Heavily evidence-based and thoroughly referenced with hundreds of scientific citations Contains a glossary, as well as valuable tables, illustrations, and information boxes to further explain core content Provides fresh perspectives on issues related to rapid population growth, population aging, rising costs, diminishing resources, health inequality, and more Carefully distils extensive tracts of information, clarifies misunderstandings, and rebuts myths with the ultimate goal of encouraging better understanding of the action needed to promote optimal health for all

Population Health Creating a Culture of Wellness

Population Health  Creating a Culture of Wellness Book
Author : David B. Nash,Dean Jefferson School of Population Health Thomas Jefferson University David B Nash, M.D., M.B.A.,JoAnne Reifsnyder,Raymond J. Fabius,Valerie P. Pracilio
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Publishers
Release : 2010-10-25
ISBN : 1449619479
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With over 45.7 million uninsured in the United States and health reform a national priority, the need for population health management has never been more eminent. Sixty percent of American deaths are attributable to behavioral factors, social circumstances and environmental exposures. Employment of population health management techniques advocating use of preventative services and quality clinical care are imperative. Important Notice: The digital edition of this book is missing some of the images or content found in the physical edition.

Population Health in Canada

Population Health in Canada Book
Author : Ivy Lynn Bourgeault,Ronald Labonté,Corinne Packer,Vivien Runnels
Publisher : Canadian Scholars
Release : 2017-12-15
ISBN : 1773380095
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Drawing on the latest research and statistics, Population Health in Canada presents critical analyses of the most pressing population health equity issues in Canada. Comprising research papers and briefs written by some of the top scholars in the field, this edited collection illustrates fundamental concepts of population health, including social inclusion and exclusion, health as a public good, and the social determinants of health. The editors’ careful selection of the framework and contents has been designed to encourage a social justice lens to address health inequities that are systemic, socially produced, and unfair. Sections on methodological tools, population health equity, community action, and current issues introduce students to the components needed to understand population health in Canada. With an emphasis on theory, methods, interventions, policy, and knowledge translation, this timely volume is well suited to a variety of courses on population health in social science and health studies programs.

Population Health

Population Health Book
Author : T. Kue Young
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0195158547
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Population health encompasses traditional public health and preventive medicine but emphasises the full range of health determinants affecting the entire population rather than only ill or high-risk individuals. The population health approach integrates the social and biological, the quantitative and qualitative, recognising the importance of social and cultural factors in practice and research.Incorporates many new topics that reflect changes in contemporary public health concerns and our response to them; as well as shifts in research directionsNew or expanded discussions of confidence intervals for commonly used rates, the impact of population aging on mortality trends, health survey questionnaires, summary measures of population health, the new International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, migrant studies, race and ethnicity, psychoneuroendocrine pathways, social epidemiology, risk perception, communicating the SARS epidemic, ecologic studies, the odds radio, paticipatory research, suicide, evidence-based community interventions, evaluation methods and health economics, the Cochrane Collaboration, and systemic reviewsContents:Introduction Measuring Health and Disease in Populations (I) Measuring Health and Disease in Populations (II) Modeling Determinants of Population Health Assessing Health Risks in Populations Designing Population Health Studies Planning Population Health Interventions Evaluation of Health Programs for Populations Improving Health of PopulationsIndex

Self Reported Population Health An International Perspective based on EQ 5D

Self Reported Population Health  An International Perspective based on EQ 5D Book
Author : Agota Szende,Bas Janssen,Juan Cabases
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2013-12-05
ISBN : 9400775962
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The EQ-5D instrument, as a standardized, cross-culturally validated measure of self-assessed health has a hugely important role in understanding population health within and across countries. Over the past two decades a wealth of international population health survey data have been accumulated by the EuroQol Group from research conducted in many countries across four continents. One of the success factors of the EQ-5D instruments has been the easy availability of national or international sets of EQ-5D data, as well as clear explanations and guidance for users. There is an unmet need to produce a comprehensive book that captures up-to-date and expanded information of EQ-5D self-reported health and index values. EQ-5D population norms and cross-country analyses are provided from representative national surveys of 20 countries and additional regional surveys. This book will be a must for those who believe that how people report and value health is very important.

Solving Population Health Problems Through Collaboration

Solving Population Health Problems Through Collaboration Book
Author : Ron Bialek,Leslie M. Beitsch,John W. Moran
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2017-03-27
ISBN : 1498763065
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

25 Entering a New Era in Hospital and Public Health Collaboration for Community Benefit -- 26 The Role of Data in Precision Population Health -- 27 Solve Population Health Issues through Collaboration: The IDEA Model -- Index

Assessment of Population Health Risks of Policies

Assessment of Population Health Risks of Policies Book
Author : Gabriel Guliš,Odile Mekel,Balázs Ádám,Liliana Cori
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-10-17
ISBN : 1461485975
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Assessment of Population Health Risks of Policies Gabriel Guliš, Odile Mekel, Balázs Ádám, and Liliana Cori, editors Public health continues to evolve as professionals work not only to prevent disease and promote well-being but also to reduce health disparities and protect the environment. To a greater extent, policy is intimately linked to this process, a reality that is gaining traction in the public health sector. With this understanding in mind, Assessment of Population Health Risks of Policies introduces an international set of guidelines, Risk Assessment from Policies to Impact Dimension (RAPID). In keeping with widely recognized models of public health operations, this innovative methodology factors in social, environmental, and economic health determinants to predict adverse outcomes to populations arising from large-scale policy decisions. Case studies from across the European Union illustrate both the intricacies of risk quantification and other components of assessment and possible relationships between policy and health outcomes. And contributors suggest how international health standards may be implemented despite significant cultural and political differences among nations. Included in the coverage: Public health, policy analysis, risk assessment and impact assessment Risk assessment, impact assessment and evaluation Top-down versus bottom-up policy risk assessment Quantification of health risks Application of RAPID guidance on an international policy Use of policy risk assessment results in political decision making Assessment of Population Health Risks of Policies is an essential and proactive read for researchers and practitioners in impact assessment, public policy, public health, and epidemiology.

Philosophy of Population Health

Philosophy of Population Health Book
Author : Sean A Valles
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2018-05-11
ISBN : 1351670778
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Population health has recently grown from a series of loosely connected critiques of twentieth-century public health and medicine into a theoretical framework with a corresponding field of research—population health science. Its approach is to promote the public’s health through improving everyday human life: afford-able nutritious food, clean air, safe places where children can play, living wages, etc. It recognizes that addressing contemporary health challenges such as the prevalence of type 2 diabetes will take much more than good hospitals and public health departments. Blending philosophy of science/medicine, public health ethics and history, this book offers a framework that explains, analyses and largely endorses the features that define this relatively new field. Presenting a philosophical perspective, Valles helps to clarify what these features are and why they matter, including: searching for health’s "upstream" causes in social life, embracing a professional commitment to studying and ameliorating the staggering health inequities in and between populations; and reforming scientific practices to foster humility and respect among the many scientists and non- scientists who must work collaboratively to promote health. Featuring illustrative case studies from around the globe at the end of all main chapters, this radical monograph is written to be accessible to all scholars and advanced students who have an interest in health—from public health students to professional philosophers.

Communities in Action

Communities in Action Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Committee on Community-Based Solutions to Promote Health Equity in the United States
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2017-04-27
ISBN : 0309452961
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the United States, some populations suffer from far greater disparities in health than others. Those disparities are caused not only by fundamental differences in health status across segments of the population, but also because of inequities in factors that impact health status, so-called determinants of health. Only part of an individual's health status depends on his or her behavior and choice; community-wide problems like poverty, unemployment, poor education, inadequate housing, poor public transportation, interpersonal violence, and decaying neighborhoods also contribute to health inequities, as well as the historic and ongoing interplay of structures, policies, and norms that shape lives. When these factors are not optimal in a community, it does not mean they are intractable: such inequities can be mitigated by social policies that can shape health in powerful ways. Communities in Action: Pathways to Health Equity seeks to delineate the causes of and the solutions to health inequities in the United States. This report focuses on what communities can do to promote health equity, what actions are needed by the many and varied stakeholders that are part of communities or support them, as well as the root causes and structural barriers that need to be overcome.

Making Eye Health a Population Health Imperative

Making Eye Health a Population Health Imperative Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Committee on Public Health Approaches to Reduce Vision Impairment and Promote Eye Health
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2017-01-15
ISBN : 0309439981
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The ability to see deeply affects how human beings perceive and interpret the world around them. For most people, eyesight is part of everyday communication, social activities, educational and professional pursuits, the care of others, and the maintenance of personal health, independence, and mobility. Functioning eyes and vision system can reduce an adult's risk of chronic health conditions, death, falls and injuries, social isolation, depression, and other psychological problems. In children, properly maintained eye and vision health contributes to a child's social development, academic achievement, and better health across the lifespan. The public generally recognizes its reliance on sight and fears its loss, but emphasis on eye and vision health, in general, has not been integrated into daily life to the same extent as other health promotion activities, such as teeth brushing; hand washing; physical and mental exercise; and various injury prevention behaviors. A larger population health approach is needed to engage a wide range of stakeholders in coordinated efforts that can sustain the scope of behavior change. The shaping of socioeconomic environments can eventually lead to new social norms that promote eye and vision health. Making Eye Health a Population Health Imperative: Vision for Tomorrow proposes a new population-centered framework to guide action and coordination among various, and sometimes competing, stakeholders in pursuit of improved eye and vision health and health equity in the United States. Building on the momentum of previous public health efforts, this report also introduces a model for action that highlights different levels of prevention activities across a range of stakeholders and provides specific examples of how population health strategies can be translated into cohesive areas for action at federal, state, and local levels.

The Health Effects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids

The Health Effects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Committee on the Health Effects of Marijuana: An Evidence Review and Research Agenda
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2017-03-31
ISBN : 0309453070
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Significant changes have taken place in the policy landscape surrounding cannabis legalization, production, and use. During the past 20 years, 25 states and the District of Columbia have legalized cannabis and/or cannabidiol (a component of cannabis) for medical conditions or retail sales at the state level and 4 states have legalized both the medical and recreational use of cannabis. These landmark changes in policy have impacted cannabis use patterns and perceived levels of risk. However, despite this changing landscape, evidence regarding the short- and long-term health effects of cannabis use remains elusive. While a myriad of studies have examined cannabis use in all its various forms, often these research conclusions are not appropriately synthesized, translated for, or communicated to policy makers, health care providers, state health officials, or other stakeholders who have been charged with influencing and enacting policies, procedures, and laws related to cannabis use. Unlike other controlled substances such as alcohol or tobacco, no accepted standards for safe use or appropriate dose are available to help guide individuals as they make choices regarding the issues of if, when, where, and how to use cannabis safely and, in regard to therapeutic uses, effectively. Shifting public sentiment, conflicting and impeded scientific research, and legislative battles have fueled the debate about what, if any, harms or benefits can be attributed to the use of cannabis or its derivatives, and this lack of aggregated knowledge has broad public health implications. The Health Effects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids provides a comprehensive review of scientific evidence related to the health effects and potential therapeutic benefits of cannabis. This report provides a research agendaâ€"outlining gaps in current knowledge and opportunities for providing additional insight into these issuesâ€"that summarizes and prioritizes pressing research needs.

Population Health Science

Population Health Science Book
Author : Katherine M. Keyes,Sandro Galea
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2016-07-07
ISBN : 0190459395
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

POPULATION HEALTH SCIENCE formalizes an emerging discipline at the crossroads of social and medical sciences, demography, and economics--an emerging approach to population studies that represents a seismic shift in how traditional health sciences measure and observe health events. Bringing together theories and methods from diverse fields, this text provides grounding in the factors that shape population health. The overall approach is one of consequentialist science: designing creative studies that identify causal factors in health with multidisciplinary rigor. Distilled into nine foundational principles, this book guides readers through population science studies that strategically incorporate: · macrosocial factors · multilevel, lifecourse, and systems theories · prevention science fundamentals · return on investment · equity and efficiency Harnessing the power of scientific inquiry and codifying the knowledge base for a burgeoning field, POPULATION HEALTH SCIENCE arms readers with tools to shift the curve of population health.

Population Health

Population Health Book
Author : David B. Nash,Dean Jefferson School of Population Health Thomas Jefferson University David B Nash, M.D., M.B.A.,JoAnne Reifsnyder,Raymond J. Fabius,Valerie P. Pracilio,Alexis Skoufalos,Janice Clarke
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Publishers
Release : 2015-02-01
ISBN : 1284047938
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Practicing population based care is a central focus of the Affordable Care Act and a key component of implementing health reform. Wellness and Prevention, Accountable Care Organizations, Patient Centered Medical Homes, Comparative Effectiveness Research, and Patient Engagement have become common terms in the healthcare lexicon. Aimed at students and practitioners in health care settings, the Second Edition of Population Health: Creating a Culture of Wellness, conveys the key concepts of concepts of population health management and strategies for creating a culture of health and wellness in the context of health care reform. Beginning with a new opening chapter, entitled, Building Cultures of Health and Wellness, the Second Edition takes a comprehensive, forward-looking approach to population health with an emphasis on creating a culture of wellness. The revised text takes into consideration the Affordable Care Act and its substantial impact on how health science is taught, how health care is delivered and how health care services are compensated in the United States. Key Features: - Study and discussion questions are provided at the conclusion of each chapter to highlight key learning objectives and readings. - Case studies highlight real world applications of concepts and strategies, and links to web sites provide additional opportunities for expanding knowledge. - Each chapter can stand alone to highlight key population health issues and provide strategies to address them, allowing educators to choose specific chapters or sections that meet the learning objectives of the course."

Complex Systems and Population Health

Complex Systems and Population Health Book
Author : Yorghos Apostolopoulos,Kristen Hassmiller Lich,Michael K. Lemke
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2020-06-22
ISBN : 0190880740
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Complex Systems and Computation in Public Health Sciences is the first comprehensive book in population health science that meaningfully integrates complex systems theory, methodology, modeling, computational simulation, and real-world applications while incorporating current population health perspectives.

Healthier

Healthier Book
Author : Sandro Galea
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2017-07-20
ISBN : 0190662417
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fifty essays on the state of population health from a vanguard voice in the field Public health can rightly claim its share of victories: healthier cities, widespread sanitation, broader availability of nutrient-rich food, and reductions in violence and injury. But for all these gains, today we face a new set of challenges, ones complicated by political and professional shifts that threaten to fundamentally change the health of populations. Healthier is both an affirmation and an essential summary of the current challenges and opportunities for those working in and around the improvement of population health. The essays contained here champion an approach to health that is consequentialist and rooted in social justice -- an expansion of traditional, quantitatively motivated public health that will both inform and inspire any reader from student to seasoned practitioner. Galea's cogent, incisive arguments guarantee that his perspective, currently at the forefront of public health, will soon become conventional wisdom.

Population Health Management

Population Health Management Book
Author : Anne Hewitt, PhD, MA,Julie Mascari, MHA,Stephen Wagner, PhD, FACHE, LFACMPE
Publisher : Springer Publishing Company
Release : 2021-10-06
ISBN : 0826144276
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Population Health Management: Strategies, Tools, Applications, and Outcomes uniquely combines perspectives and concepts from community, public, and global health and aligns them with the essentials of health management. Written by leading experts in academia and industry, this text emphasizes the integration of management skills necessary to deliver quality care while producing successful outcomes sensitive to the needs of diverse populations. Designed to be both student-friendly and comprehensive, this text utilizes various models, frameworks, case examples, chapter podcasts, and more to illustrate foundational knowledge and impart the skills necessary for health care managers to succeed throughout the health care sector. The book spans core topics such as community needs assessments, social determinants of health, the role of data analytics, managerial epidemiology, value-based care payment models, and new population health delivery models. COVID-19 examples throughout chapters illustrate population health management strategies solving real-world challenges. Practical and outcomes-driven, Population Health Management prepares students in health administration and management, public health, social work, allied health, and other health professions for the challenges of an evolving health care ecosystem and the changing roles in the health management workforce. Key Features: Highlights up-to-date topics focusing on social marketing, design thinking for innovation, adopting virtual care and telehealth strategies, and social marketing ideas Introduces new population health management skills and tools such as the Social Vulnerability Index, Policy Map, PRAPARE, the PHM Framework, Design Thinking and Digital Messaging Incorporates "Did You Know?" callouts, chapter-based podcasts, and discussion questions to help explain real-world situations and examples that students and health professionals may encounter as administrators and managers Includes four full-length case studies focusing on the co-production of health, implementing a population health data analytics platform, health equity, and collaborative leadership Connects chapter objectives with the National Center for Healthcare Leadership (NCHL) and the Public Health Foundation (PHF) competencies Purchase includes full suite of instructor resources with Instructor's Manual, PowerPoint slides, test bank, and sample syllabus

Population Health Monitoring

Population Health Monitoring Book
Author : Marieke Verschuuren,Hans van Oers
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-12-17
ISBN : 3319765620
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This timely volume presents an in-depth tour of population health monitoring—what it is, what it does, and why it has become increasingly important to health information systems across Europe. Introductory chapters ground readers in the structures of health information systems, and the main theoretical and conceptual models of population health monitoring. From there, contributors offer tools and guidelines for optimum monitoring, including best practices for gathering and contextualizing data and for disseminating findings, to benefit the people most affected by the information. And an extended example follows the step-by-step processes of population health monitoring through a study of health inequalities, from data collection to policy recommendations. Included in the coverage: · Structuring health information: frameworks, models, and indicators · Analysis: contextualization of process and content · Knowledge translation: key concepts, terms, and activities · Health inequality monitoring: a practical application of population health monitoring · Relating population health monitoring to other types of health assessments · Population health monitoring: strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats A robust guide with international implications for an emerging field, Population Health Monitoring is a salient reference for public health experts working in the field of health information as well as post-graduate public health students and public health policymakers. "In this comprehensive and easy to read volume, Verschuuren and van Oers, accompanied by other specialists in the field, present a fresh and thoroughly researched contribution on the discipline of population health monitoring. They critically analyse and describe the phases, functions and approaches to population health monitoring but far more importantly, the discipline is positioned within the wider domains of public health, health policy and health systems. The book is definitely highly recommended reading for students of public health and health services management but is also a useful refresher course for public health practitioners." Natasha Azzopardi Muscat, President, European Public Health Association Chapter 7 of this book is available open access under a CC BY 3.0 IGO license at link.springer.com Chapter 8 of this book is available open access under a CC BY 3.0 IGO license at link.springer.com

Population Health

Population Health Book
Author : T. Kue Young M.D.
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2004-09-23
ISBN : 9780199748037
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Population health encompasses traditional public health and preventive medicine but emphasizes the full range of health determinants affecting the entire population rather than only ill or high-risk individuals. The population health approach integrates the social and biological, the quantitative and qualitative, recognizing the importance of social and cultural factors in practice and research. This text is organized around the logical sequence of studying and attempting to improve the health of populations; measuring health status and disease burden, identifying and modeling health determinants, assessing health risks and inferring causation, designing research studies, planning interventions, and evaluating health programs. The second edition incorporates many new topics that reflect changes in contemporary public health concerns and our response to them; as well as shifts in research directions. These include lifecourse approaches to health, gene-environment interactions, emergent infections, and bioterrorism. Among the specific changes are new or expanded discussions of confidence intervals for commonly used rates, the impact of population aging on mortality trends, health survey questionnaires, summary measures of population health, the new International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, migrant studies, race and ethinicity, psychoneuroendocrine pathways, social epidemiology, risk perception, communicating the SARS epidemic, ecologic studies, the odds radio, paticipatory research, suicide, evidence-based community interventions, evaluation methods and health economics, the Cochrane Collaboration, and systemic reviews. The many positive features of the first edition have been retained, such as the extensive use of boxes, case studies, and exercises; the selection of examples representing a variety of health problems, geographic regions, and historical periods; and a multidisciplinary orientation bridging the quantitative and qualitative, the social and biomedical sciences. The book aims to spark a new kind of broad-based training for researchers and practitioners of population health.