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Polyphenols In Human Health And Disease

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Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease

Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease Book
Author : Ronald Ross Watson,Victor R. Preedy,Sherma Zibadi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-10-26
ISBN : 012398467X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease documents antioxidant actions of polyphenols in protection of cells and cell organelles, critical for understanding their health-promoting actions to help the dietary supplement industry. The book begins by describing the fundamentals of absorption, metabolism and bioavailability of polyphenols, as well as the effect of microbes on polyphenol structure and function and toxicity. It then examines the role of polyphenols in the treatment of chronic disease, including vascular and cardiac health, obesity and diabetes therapy, cancer treatment and prevention, and more. Explores neuronal protection by polyphenol metabolites and their application to medical care Defines modulation of enzyme actions to help researchers see and study polyphenols’ mechanisms of action, leading to clinical applications Includes insights on polyphenols in brain and neurological functions to apply them to the wide range of aging diseases

Polyphenols Mechanisms of Action in Human Health and Disease

Polyphenols  Mechanisms of Action in Human Health and Disease Book
Author : Ronald Ross Watson,Victor R. Preedy,Sherma Zibadi, MD
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-08-22
ISBN : 9780128130063
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polyphenols: Mechanisms of Action in Human Health and Disease, Second Edition describes the mechanisms of polyphenol antioxidant activities and their use in disease prevention. Chapters highlight the anti-inflammatory activity of polyphenols on key dendritic cells, how they modulate and suppress inflammation, and how they are inactivated or activated by metabolism in the gut and circulating blood. Polyphenols have proven effective for key health benefits, including bone health, organ health, cardiac and vascular conditions, absorption and metabolism, and cancer and diseases of the immune system. They are a unique group of phytochemicals that are present in all fruits, vegetables and other plant products. This very diverse and multi-functional group of active plant compounds contain powerful antioxidant properties and exhibit remarkable chemical, biological and physiological properties, including cancer prevention and cardio-protective activities. Expands coverage on green tea, cocoa, wine, cumin and herbs Outlines their chemical properties, bioavailability and metabolomics Provides a self-teaching guide to learn the mechanisms of action and health benefits of polyphenols

Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease

Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease Book
Author : Ronald Ross Watson,Victor R. Preedy,Sherma Zibadi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-08-06
ISBN : 0128130091
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polyphenols in Prevention and Treatment of Human Disease, Second Edition authoritatively covers evidence of the powerful health benefits of polyphenols, touching on cardiovascular disease, cancer, obesity, diabetes and osteoporosis. This collection represents the contributions of an international group of experts in polyphenol research who share their expertise in endocrinology, public health, cardiology, pharmacology, agriculture and veterinary science. Researchers from diverse backgrounds will gain insight into how clinical observations and practices can feed back into the research cycle, thus allowing them to develop more targeted insights into the mechanisms of disease. This reference fills a void in research where nutritionists and alternative therapies may be applicable. Describes polyphenol modulation of blood flow and oxygenation as a potential mechanism of protection against vascular atherosclerosis Describes how polyphenols and antioxidants frequently change immune defenses and actions Focuses on the most important areas of research and provides insights into their relationships and translational opportunities

Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease

Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease Book
Author : Ronald Ross Watson,Victor R. Preedy,Sherma Zibadi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-08-06
ISBN : 0128130075
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polyphenols: Mechanisms of Action in Human Health and Disease, Second Edition describes the mechanisms of polyphenol antioxidant activities and their use in disease prevention. Chapters highlight the anti-inflammatory activity of polyphenols on key dendritic cells, how they modulate and suppress inflammation, and how they are inactivated or activated by metabolism in the gut and circulating blood. Polyphenols have proven effective for key health benefits, including bone health, organ health, cardiac and vascular conditions, absorption and metabolism, and cancer and diseases of the immune system. They are a unique group of phytochemicals that are present in all fruits, vegetables and other plant products. This very diverse and multi-functional group of active plant compounds contain powerful antioxidant properties and exhibit remarkable chemical, biological and physiological properties, including cancer prevention and cardio-protective activities. Expands coverage on green tea, cocoa, wine, cumin and herbs Outlines their chemical properties, bioavailability and metabolomics Provides a self-teaching guide to learn the mechanisms of action and health benefits of polyphenols

Food Quality Balancing Health and Disease

Food Quality  Balancing Health and Disease Book
Author : Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu,Alina Maria Holban
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-02-03
ISBN : 0128114940
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Food Quality: Balancing Health and Disease, Volume Thirteen in the Handbook of Food Bioengineering series, provides essential information for researchers, scientists and students on the relationship between the quality of foods and disease at the biological level. It presents different technological approaches to detect food properties and their capabilities for balancing health and disease to deliver high-quality products to consumers. This volume explores the dynamic potential of how food bioengineering can improve traditional foods through modern methods to make a positive impact on human health and foster innovation. Provides information on how bioavailability of nutrients and food formulation can be used to prevent or improve disease Includes the most recent research methods of metabolomics and genomics to detect best outcomes Includes innovative applications for anti-aging effects and curative properties in foods Presents research examples on how both human gut microbiota and food components control the way certain organisms develop and react in different environmental conditions

Phytochemicals of Nutraceutical Importance

Phytochemicals of Nutraceutical Importance Book
Author : Dhan Prakash,Girish Sharma
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2014-02-28
ISBN : 1780643632
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nutraceuticals are bioactive phytochemicals that protect or promote health and occur at the intersection of food and pharmaceutical industries. This book will cover a wider spectrum of human health and diseases including the role of phytonutrients in the prevention and treatment. The Book includes chapters dealing with biological and clinical effect, molecular level approach, quality assurance, bioavailability and metabolism of a number phytochemicals and their role to combat different diseases.

Nutrition and Traumatic Brain Injury

Nutrition and Traumatic Brain Injury Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,Food and Nutrition Board,Committee on Nutrition, Trauma, and the Brain
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2011-07-01
ISBN : 0309210089
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) accounts for up to one-third of combat-related injuries in Iraq and Afghanistan, according to some estimates. TBI is also a major problem among civilians, especially those who engage in certain sports. At the request of the Department of Defense, the IOM examined the potential role of nutrition in the treatment of and resilience against TBI.

Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods in Human Health and Disease Prevention

Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods in Human Health and Disease Prevention Book
Author : Debasis Bagchi,Harry G. Preuss,Anand Swaroop
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-10-15
ISBN : 1482237229
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Functional foods and nutraceuticals, dietary supplements, and natural antioxidants have established their potential roles in the protection of human health against disease. Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods in Human Health and Disease Prevention examines the benefits, efficacy, and success of properly designed nutraceuticals and functional foods in human health and their possible application in disease prevention. The book demonstrates diverse disease pathophysiology and how nutraceuticals and functional food can be used to combat and prevent disease. The book discusses global food habits and trends, safety and toxicology, and how food addiction or overindulgence of food can lead to a variety of disease states. It then highlights how supplements help in disease prevention. Although a significant number of nutraceuticals and functional foods have demonstrated their efficacy, a large number of supplements are still surviving on false claims. Therefore, the editors underscore risks and benefits, and why government regulatory agencies are so critical of these nutraceutical supplements. With the global nutraceuticals market expected to reach $204.8 billion by 2017, what once seemed a very niche sector has become big business. An overview of nutraceuticals and functional foods and their application in human health, this book exhaustively covers antioxidants, functional foods, and nutraceuticals in human health and disease prevention. With contributions from experts and pioneers, the book gives insight into the role of functional foods in optimal diet and exercise.

Dietary Polyphenols in Human Diseases

Dietary Polyphenols in Human Diseases Book
Author : Mithun Rudrapal
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2022-12-29
ISBN : 1000803236
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Diets rich in plant polyphenols or dietary polyphenols are the subject of increasing scientific interest because of their diverse range of health benefits and medicinal uses. This book, Dietary Polyphenols in Human Diseases: Advances and Challenges in Drug Discovery, fills the gap that exists in the current knowledge by presenting the latest information in the area of polyphenol-based drug discovery research. The book focuses on the current understanding of the beneficial effects on human health of diets rich in polyphenols and/or polyphenolic compounds derived from dietary sources (plant-based foods) and their possible preventive role in the management of chronic human diseases. In addition, biochemical mechanisms involved in the antioxidative effect of dietary polyphenols along with their bioavailability, pharmacokinetic, and toxicological considerations are also discussed herein. Key Features Presents health benefits and medicinal importance of dietary polyphenols having antioxidative effects and their possible preventive role against oxidative stress (OS)-induced chronic human diseases. Summarizes the latest understanding of the biochemical mechanism(s) involved in the antioxidative action of dietary polyphenols along with their bioavailability, pharmacokinetic, and toxicological considerations. Highlights novel approaches of drug discovery from dietary polyphenols through computational screening of bioactive phytochemical components. With contributions by a global team of experts (academics, scientists, and researchers), this book is intended to be a useful resource for a wider audience, particularly those working in the area of drug discovery and development research, such as discovery scientists, pharmaceutical scientists (R&D), formulation scientists, medicinal chemists, pharmacologists, toxicologists, phytochemists, biochemists, clinicians, researchers, students, teachers, and many others.

Nitrite and Nitrate in Human Health and Disease

Nitrite and Nitrate in Human Health and Disease Book
Author : AnnMarie Kocher,Joseph Loscalzo
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-04-15
ISBN : 1607616165
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nitrite and Nitrate in Human Health and Disease delivers a comprehensive review of nitrite and nitrate biology, from basic biochemistry to the complex physiology and metabolism of these two naturally occurring molecules in the human body. Well-organized and well referenced chapters cover the rich history of nitrite and nitrate, sources of exposure, and the physiological effects when consumed through foods containing nitrite and nitrate. The chapters are written by leading experts, all of whom share their research and perspectives in order to help define the context for benefits vs. any potential risks associated with nitrite and nitrate use, either through dietary ingestion or therapeutic dosing. This diverse collection of authors includes vascular biologists, physiologists, physicians, epidemiologists, cancer biologists, registered dieticians, chemists, and public health experts from five countries in both academia and government. Nitrite and Nitrate in Human Health and Disease provides a balanced view of nitric oxide biochemistry, and nitrite and nitrate biochemistry in physiology and in the food sciences.

Effect of Phenolic Compounds on Human Health

Effect of Phenolic Compounds on Human Health Book
Author : Elena Gonzalez-Burgos,M. Pilar Gómez-Serranillos Cuadrado
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2022
ISBN : 9783036528991
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Phenolic compounds are non-essential dietary compounds that are found in many vegetables (i.e. onion, cabbage, broccoli and parsley), fruits (i.e. cherries, grapes, berries and pears), cereals and beverages (i.e. red wine, tea and chocolate). These heterogeneous compounds are produced as secondary metabolites. Structurally, these compounds are characterized by comprising an aromatic ring with one or more hydroxyl groups that can be classified into two groups: flavonoids and non-flavonoids. Phenolic compounds have received considerable attention for its health-promoting properties in many chronic disorders including diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, cancer and neurodegenerative diseases, among others. These health benefits are mainly attributed to its antioxidant properties. Phenolic compounds act as antioxidant by scavenging free radicals, metal chelation and endogenous antioxidant system upregulation (enzymatic antioxidants such as catalase, superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase and non-enzymatic antioxidants such as glutathione).The consumption of exogenous medicinal plants and food rich in phenolic compounds represent a promising therapeutically to prevent many chronic diseases and improve health.This Special Issue entitled “Effect of Phenolic Compounds on Human Health” include research articles and review articles on phenolic compounds and its role in health (i.e. flavonoids and diabetes, polyphenols and liver diseases, polyphenols and obesity, polyphenols and cardiovascular diseases and polyphenols and neuroprotection).

Dietary Polyphenols

Dietary Polyphenols Book
Author : Francisco A . Tomás-Barberán,Antonio González-Sarrías,Rocío García-Villalba
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-10-20
ISBN : 1119563712
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presents recent research on metabolism and the health effects of polyphenols Consumer interest in the health benefits of many phenolic compounds found in plant foods and derivatives has grown considerably in recent years, giving rise to an increased demand for functional foods. Although preclinical and observational studies have promoted the protective properties of polyphenols for a range of chronic diseases, evidence has shown that most dietary polyphenols have little bioavailability. Once ingested, most of them are metabolized by either the intestinal enzymes or by the gut microbiota and then undergo extensive phase-II metabolism reaching significant concentrations of conjugated metabolites. They remain in the systemic circulation and target systemic tissues where trigger biological effects. The polyphenol-derived metabolites produced in humans are dependent upon the composition of the gut microbiota and the subject genetics. Thus all the metabolites do not show the same biological activity in different individuals. To fully understand the health effects of polyphenols, further clinical investigations are required. Dietary Polyphenols describes the latest findings on the polyphenol metabolism and reviews the current evidence on their health effects and that of their bioavailable metabolites. Emphasizing the importance of interindividual variability and the critical role of gut microbiota, this authoritative volume features contributions from recognized experts in the field, exploring specific families of extractable and non-extractable phenolic compounds that exhibit potential health effects. Topics include structural diversity of polyphenols and distribution in foods, bioavailability and bioaccessibility of phenolics, metabolism, and gastrointestinal absorption of various metabolites and their health effects. This comprehensive volume: Discusses the bioavailability, bioaccessibility, pharmacokinetics studies, and microbial metabolism of different groups of phenolic compounds Examines the interaction between polyphenols and gut microbiota Describes analytical methods for identifying and quantifying polyphenols in foods and biological samples Reviews recent epidemiological and clinical intervention studies showing protective effects of polyphenols Dietary Polyphenols: Metabolism and Health Effects is an important resource for scientists working in the area of dietary polyphenols and health effects, microbiota, and their interaction with other nutritional compounds, and for health professionals, nutritionists, dieticians, and clinical researchers with interest in the role of polyphenols in the prevention and treatment of chronic diseases

Non extractable Polyphenols and Carotenoids

Non extractable Polyphenols and Carotenoids Book
Author : Fulgencio Saura-Calixto,Jara Pérez-Jiménez
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2018-04-30
ISBN : 1788014472
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polyphenols and carotenoids are abundant in fruits, vegetables, herbs and spices, and beverages, such as tea, cocoa and wine providing health-related benefits and antioxidant properties. Focusing on non-extractable polyphenols and carotenoids that are present in the diet, this book will improve our knowledge of dietary intakes and physiological properties ensuring a better understanding of their potential health effects. With global appeal, this will be the first book dedicated to raising the profile of this important area. Summarising the current knowledge in the field, the book will direct further research for food chemists, scientists and nutritionists looking for new perspectives.

Functional Food

Functional Food Book
Author : María Chávarri Hueda
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2017-08-02
ISBN : 9535134396
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years, the concern of society about how food influences the health status of people has increased. Consumers are increasingly aware that food can prevent the development of certain diseases, so in recent years, the food industry is developing new, healthier products taking into account aspects such as trans fats, lower caloric intake, less salt, etc. However, there are bioactive compounds that can improve the beneficial effect of these foods and go beyond the nutritional value. This book provides information on impact of bioactive ingredients (vitamins, antioxidants, compounds of the pulses, etc.) on nutrition through food, how functional foods can prevent disease, and tools to evaluate the effects of bioactive ingredients, functional foods, and diet.

Dietary Polyphenols and Human Health

Dietary Polyphenols and Human Health Book
Author : Anna Tresserra-Rimbau
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-12-23
ISBN : 3039437933
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polyphenols are a heterogeneous group of bioactive compounds mainly found in plant-based foods. Numerous clinical and epidemiological studies have led to the result that polyphenol intake may protect against chronic diseases such as cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases, cancer, or type 2 diabetes, to name some. Polyphenol intake estimation can be obtained through food frequency questionnaires and nutritional biomarkers, both having their own advantages and disadvantages. Although the association between these bioactive compounds and health seems irrefutable, many questions remain still unanswered. For instance, more studies are needed to identify possible interactions and effect-modulating variables, such as smoking habit, body mass index, sex, alcohol, hormones, other foods, etc. Moreover, intestinal microbiota seems to play an important role in the metabolism of polyphenols, but it is still unclear how.

Effects of Polyphenol Rich Foods on Human Health

Effects of Polyphenol Rich Foods on Human Health Book
Author : Giuseppe Grosso
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2018-08-27
ISBN : 3038971413
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Effects of Polyphenol-Rich Foods on Human Health" that was published in Nutrients

Functional Food and Human Health

Functional Food and Human Health Book
Author : Vibha Rani,Umesh C. S. Yadav
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-10-12
ISBN : 9811311234
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Global health and the increasing incidence of various diseases are a cause for concern, and doctors and scientists reason that the diet, food habits and lifestyle are contributing factors. Processed food has reduced the nutritional value of our diet, and although supplementing foods with various additives is considered an alternative, the long-term impact of this is not known. Many laboratories around the world are working to identify various nutritional components in our daily food and their effect on human health. These have been classified as Nutraceuticals or functional food, and they may have preventive and therapeutic effects in a number of pathologies associated with modern dietary habits and lifestyles. This book addresses various aspects of this issue, revitalizing the discussion and consolidating the latest research on nutritional and functional food and their effects in in-vitro, in-vivo and human clinical studies.

The Health Benefits of Foods

The Health Benefits of Foods Book
Author : Liana Claudia Salanta
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2020-04-01
ISBN : 1789859336
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The global market of foods with health claims remains highly dynamic and is predicted to expand even further. Consumers have become increasingly aware of the importance of consuming healthy foods in order to have a well-balanced diet and this has increased the demand for foods with health benefits. On the other hand, the food sector companies are trying to meet the new consumers' expectations while designing a variety of novel, enhanced products. Thus, understanding the potential uses of bioactive compounds in food products, the wide range of therapeutic effects, and the possible mechanisms of action is essential for developing healthier products. Covering important aspects of valuable food molecules, this book revises the current knowledge, providing scientifically demonstrated information about the benefits and uses of functional food components, their applications, and the future challenges in nutrition and diet.

Phenolic Compound Biochemistry

Phenolic Compound Biochemistry Book
Author : Wilfred Vermerris,Ralph Nicholson
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-02-20
ISBN : 1402051646
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

These are just a few examples that illustrate the chemical diversity and use of phenolic compounds, the topic of ‘Phenolic Compound Biochemistry’. This book is written for researchers, instructors, advanced undergraduate students and beginning graduate students in the life sciences who wish to become more familiar with these and many other intriguing aspects of phenolic compounds. Topics covered include nomenclature, chemical properties, biosynthesis, including an up-to-date overview of the genetics controlling phenolic metabolism, isolation and characterization of phenolic compounds, phenolics used in plant defense, and the impact of phenolics on human health. The book is written in an accessible style, and assumes only basic knowledge of organic chemistry, biochemistry and cell physiology. More than 300 chemical structures and reaction schemes illustrate the text. Wilfred Vermerris is Associate Professor of Agronomy at the University of Florida Genetics Institute in Gainesville, FL. His research focuses on the genetic control of phenolic compounds that impact agro-industrial processing of crop plants. Ralph Nicholson is Professor of Botany and Plant Pathology at Purdue University in West Lafayette, IN. He is an expert on phenolic compounds involved in the plant’s defense against pathogenic fungi and bacteria.