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Polyphenols In Human Health And Disease

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Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease

Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease Book
Author : Ronald Ross Watson,Victor R. Preedy,Sherma Zibadi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-10-26
ISBN : 012398467X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease documents antioxidant actions of polyphenols in protection of cells and cell organelles, critical for understanding their health-promoting actions to help the dietary supplement industry. The book begins by describing the fundamentals of absorption, metabolism and bioavailability of polyphenols, as well as the effect of microbes on polyphenol structure and function and toxicity. It then examines the role of polyphenols in the treatment of chronic disease, including vascular and cardiac health, obesity and diabetes therapy, cancer treatment and prevention, and more. Explores neuronal protection by polyphenol metabolites and their application to medical care Defines modulation of enzyme actions to help researchers see and study polyphenols’ mechanisms of action, leading to clinical applications Includes insights on polyphenols in brain and neurological functions to apply them to the wide range of aging diseases

Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease

Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease Book
Author : Ronald Ross Watson,Victor R. Preedy,Sherma Zibadi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-08-06
ISBN : 0128130075
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polyphenols: Mechanisms of Action in Human Health and Disease, Second Edition describes the mechanisms of polyphenol antioxidant activities and their use in disease prevention. Chapters highlight the anti-inflammatory activity of polyphenols on key dendritic cells, how they modulate and suppress inflammation, and how they are inactivated or activated by metabolism in the gut and circulating blood. Polyphenols have proven effective for key health benefits, including bone health, organ health, cardiac and vascular conditions, absorption and metabolism, and cancer and diseases of the immune system. They are a unique group of phytochemicals that are present in all fruits, vegetables and other plant products. This very diverse and multi-functional group of active plant compounds contain powerful antioxidant properties and exhibit remarkable chemical, biological and physiological properties, including cancer prevention and cardio-protective activities. Expands coverage on green tea, cocoa, wine, cumin and herbs Outlines their chemical properties, bioavailability and metabolomics Provides a self-teaching guide to learn the mechanisms of action and health benefits of polyphenols

Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease

Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease Book
Author : Ronald Ross Watson,Victor R. Preedy,Sherma Zibadi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-11-19
ISBN : 9780123984562
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Polyphenols are a unique group of phytochemicals that are present in all fruits, vegetables, and other plant products. They are classified according to their chemical structure, which contains multiple linked phenol groups and they have powerful antioxidant properties. There is a great variety of biological systems that can be positively modified by polyphenols in foods and dietary supplements. As the major focus on polyphenols is their biomodification of human physiology the functional mechanisms of action, positive or negative are critical. These can range from being antioxidants that concentrate in specific locations or cell types as protection to bioregulators of enzymes and DNA. Understanding the mechanisms of action, expecially protection from oxidative damage, is essential for researchers and physicians conducting clinical studies on the application of polyphenols to a wide variety of diseases and physiological dysfunctions."--

Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease

Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease Book
Author : Ronald Ross Watson,Victor R. Preedy,Sherma Zibadi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-11-19
ISBN : 9780123984562
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Polyphenols are a unique group of phytochemicals that are present in all fruits, vegetables, and other plant products. They are classified according to their chemical structure, which contains multiple linked phenol groups and they have powerful antioxidant properties. There is a great variety of biological systems that can be positively modified by polyphenols in foods and dietary supplements. As the major focus on polyphenols is their biomodification of human physiology the functional mechanisms of action, positive or negative are critical. These can range from being antioxidants that concentrate in specific locations or cell types as protection to bioregulators of enzymes and DNA. Understanding the mechanisms of action, expecially protection from oxidative damage, is essential for researchers and physicians conducting clinical studies on the application of polyphenols to a wide variety of diseases and physiological dysfunctions."--

Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease

Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease Book
Author : Ronald Ross Watson,Victor R.. Preedy,Sherma Zibadi
Publisher :
Release : 2014
ISBN : 9780123984715
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Polyphenols are a unique group of phytochemicals that are present in all fruits, vegetables, and other plant products. They are classified according to their chemical structure, which contains multiple linked phenol groups and they have powerful antioxidant properties. There is a great variety of biological systems that can be positively modified by polyphenols in foods and dietary supplements. As the major focus on polyphenols is their biomodification of human physiology the functional mechanisms of action, positive or negative are critical. These can range from being antioxidants that concentrate in specific locations or cell types as protection to bioregulators of enzymes and DNA. Understanding the mechanisms of action, expecially protection from oxidative damage, is essential for researchers and physicians conducting clinical studies on the application of polyphenols to a wide variety of diseases and physiological dysfunctions."--

Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease

Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease Book
Author : Ronald Ross Watson,Victor R.. Preedy,Sherma Zibadi
Publisher :
Release : 2014
ISBN : 9780123984722
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Polyphenols are a unique group of phytochemicals that are present in all fruits, vegetables, and other plant products. They are classified according to their chemical structure, which contains multiple linked phenol groups and they have powerful antioxidant properties. There is a great variety of biological systems that can be positively modified by polyphenols in foods and dietary supplements. As the major focus on polyphenols is their biomodification of human physiology the functional mechanisms of action, positive or negative are critical. These can range from being antioxidants that concentrate in specific locations or cell types as protection to bioregulators of enzymes and DNA. Understanding the mechanisms of action, expecially protection from oxidative damage, is essential for researchers and physicians conducting clinical studies on the application of polyphenols to a wide variety of diseases and physiological dysfunctions."--

Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease

Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease Book
Author : Ronald Ross Watson,Victor R. Preedy,Sherma Zibadi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-08-06
ISBN : 0128130091
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polyphenols in Prevention and Treatment of Human Disease, Second Edition authoritatively covers evidence of the powerful health benefits of polyphenols, touching on cardiovascular disease, cancer, obesity, diabetes and osteoporosis. This collection represents the contributions of an international group of experts in polyphenol research who share their expertise in endocrinology, public health, cardiology, pharmacology, agriculture and veterinary science. Researchers from diverse backgrounds will gain insight into how clinical observations and practices can feed back into the research cycle, thus allowing them to develop more targeted insights into the mechanisms of disease. This reference fills a void in research where nutritionists and alternative therapies may be applicable. Describes polyphenol modulation of blood flow and oxygenation as a potential mechanism of protection against vascular atherosclerosis Describes how polyphenols and antioxidants frequently change immune defenses and actions Focuses on the most important areas of research and provides insights into their relationships and translational opportunities

Anthocyanins in Health and Disease

Anthocyanins in Health and Disease Book
Author : Taylor C. Wallace,M. Monica Giusti
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-09-04
ISBN : 1439894760
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Anthocyanins, polyphenolic compounds abundant in certain foods, are responsible for the orange-red to blue-violet hues evident in many fruits, vegetables, cereal grains, and flowers. Interest in these pigments has intensified due to their potential health-promoting properties as dietary antioxidants, as well as their use as natural dyes in a variet

Chocolate and Health

Chocolate and Health Book
Author : Rodolfo Paoletti,Andrea Poli,Ario Conti,Francesco Visioli
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-01-26
ISBN : 9788847020382
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cocoa and chocolate are the subjects of much research in the fields of food chemistry, food technology, and health science. We now know that cocoa contains a remarkable number of bioactive compounds, and these are being tested in humans to verify their disease prevention characteristics. This state of the art text thoroughly explores the different aspects of the relationship between chocolate and health. After introductory discussion of the historical background, careful attention is devoted to technological developments designed to improve the health-giving qualities of chocolate and biochemical and clinical trials of cocoa and its components. Various health impacts of cocoa and chocolate are thoroughly evaluated, including acute vascular effects and effects on blood pressure, blood lipids, and platelets. Psychological drivers of chocolate consumption and craving are also considered. Readers will find this book to be a rich source of essential information on cocoa and chocolate, their purported health-giving qualities, and the advances that are being made in this area.

Diet and Exercise in Cognitive Function and Neurological Diseases

Diet and Exercise in Cognitive Function and Neurological Diseases Book
Author : Akhlaq A. Farooqui,Tahira Farooqui
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-02-06
ISBN : 1118840569
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Diet and exercise have long been recognized as important components of a healthy lifestyle, as they have a great impact on improving cardiovascular and cerebrovascular functions, lowering the risk of metabolic disorders, and contributing to healthy aging. As a greater proportion of the world’s population is living longer, there has been increased interest in understanding the role of nutrition and exercise in long-term neurological health and cognitive function. Diet and Exercise in Cognitive Function and Neurological Diseases discusses the role and impact that nutrition and activity have on cognitive function and neurological health. The book is divided into two sections. The first section focuses on diet and its impact on neurobiological processes. Chapters focus on the impacts of specific diets, such as the Mediterranean, ketogenic and vegan diets, as well as the role of specific nutrients, fats, fatty acids, and calorie restriction on neurological health and cognitive function. The second section of the book focuses on exercise, and its role in maintaining cognitive function, reducing neuroinflammatory responses, regulating adult neurogenesis, and healthy brain aging. Other chapters look at the impact of exercise in the management of specific neurological disorders such Multiple Sclerosis and Parkinson’s Disease. Diet and Exercise in Cognitive Function and Neurological Diseases is a timely reference on the neurobiological interplay between diet and exercise on long-term brain health and cognitive function.

Phytochemicals in Health and Disease

Phytochemicals in Health and Disease Book
Author : Yongping Bao,Roger Fenwick
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2004-05-24
ISBN : 9780203021408
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"... well-written and the content is clearly presented. ... There are plentiful figures and tables, which are effectively labeled and adequately support the content. ...highly recommended for academic and special libraries. ...effectively presents current research on phytochemicals in a readable manner." - E-Streams "This landmark volume shows how far the field has advanced ... . This important volume is filled with reports on what the editors term as the 'new era' in the study of phytochemicals, in which we move from the 'eat more vegetable and fruit' admonition to more detailed information on the biology, molecular biology, regulatory function, and role in human health of phytochemicals. ... All workers in phytochemicals should get themselves a copy of this valuable book."

Olives and Olive Oil in Health and Disease Prevention

Olives and Olive Oil in Health and Disease Prevention Book
Author : Victor R. Preedy,Ronald Ross Watson
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2010-03-23
ISBN : 9780080922201
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Long used in sacred ceremonies and associated with good health, the nutritional and health promoting benefits of olives and olive oils have been proven by an ever-increasing body of science. From cardiovascular benefits to anti-microbial, anti-cancer, antioxidant activity and effects on macrophages and aptoptosis to cellular and pathophysiollogical process, olives and olive oils are proving important in many healthful ways. For example, reactive components in olive oils or olive oil by-products have now been isolated and identified. These include tyrosol, hydroxytyrosol, 3,4-dihydroxyphenyl acetic acid elenolic acid and oleuropein. Oleic acid is the main monosaturated fatty acid of olive oil. These have putative protective effects and modulate the biochemistry of a variety of cell types including those of the vascular system. Some but not all components have been characterised by their putative pharmacological properties. It is possible that usage of these aforementioned products may have beneficial application in other disease. However, in order for this cross-fertilization to take place, a comprehensive understanding of olives and olive oils is required. Finding this knowledge in a single volume provides a key resource for scientists in a variety of food an nutritional roles. Key Features: * Explores olives and olive oil from their general aspects to the detailed level of important micro-and micronutrients * Includes coverage of various methodologies for analysis to help scientists and chemists determine the most appropriate option for their own studies, including those of olive-related compounds in other foods * Relates, in a single volume resource, information for food and nutritional chemists, pharmaceutical scientists, nutritionists and dieticians * Presents information in three key categories: General aspects of olives an olive oils; Nutritional, pharmacological and metabolic properties of olives and olive oil; Specific components of olive oil and their effects on tissue and body systems

Antioxidants in Human Health and Disease

Antioxidants in Human Health and Disease Book
Author : Tapan Kumar Basu,Norman J. Temple,Manohar L. Garg
Publisher : Wallingford [England] : CABI Pub.
Release : 1999
ISBN : 9780851993348
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Antioxidants and their mechanisms of action; Food factors as antioxidants; Coronary heart disease; Malignant disease; Other diseases; Indicators of oxidative stress; Consumer issues.

Curcumin in Health and Disease

Curcumin in Health and Disease Book
Author : Beatrice E. Bachmeier
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-10-11
ISBN : 3039214497
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The plant-derived polyphenol curcumin has been used in promoting health and combating disease for thousands of years. Its therapeutic effects have been successfully utilized in Ayurvedic and Traditional Chinese Medicine in order to treat inflammatory diseases. Current results from modern biomolecular research reveal the modulatory effects of curcumin on a variety of signal transduction pathways associated with inflammation and cancer. In this context, curcumin’s antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumorigenic, and even anti-metastatic activities are discussed. On the cellular level, the reduced activity of several transcription factors (such as NFkB or AP-1) and the suppression of inflammatory cytokines, matrix degrading enzymes, metastasis related genes and even microRNAs are reported. On functional levels, these molecular effects translate into reduced proliferative, invasive, and metastatic capacity, as well as induced tumor cell apoptosis. All these effects have been observed not only in vitro but also in animal models. In combination with anti-neoplastic drugs like Taxol, kinase inhibitors, and radiation therapy, curcumin potentiates the drugs’ therapeutic power and can protect against undesired side effects. Natural plant-derived compounds like curcumin have one significant advantage: They do not usually cause side effects. This feature qualifies curcumin for primary prevention in healthy persons with a predisposition to cancer, arteriosclerosis, or chronic inflammatory diseases. Nonetheless, curcumin is considered safe, although potential toxic effects stemming from high dosages, long-term intake, and pharmacological interactions with other compounds have yet to be assessed. This Special Issue examines in detail and updates current research on the molecular targets, protective effects, and modes of action of natural plant-derived compounds and their roles in the prevention and treatment of human diseases.

Epigenetics and Human Health

Epigenetics and Human Health Book
Author : Alexander Haslberger,Sabine Greßler
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-08-24
ISBN : 352764475X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

After first introducing the concept of epigenetics, this handbook and ready reference provides an overview of the main research on epigenetics. It adopts a multidisciplinary approach, involving molecular biology, molecular epidemiology and nutritional science, with a special focus of the book is on disease prevention and treatment. Of interest to all healthcare-related professionals as well as nutritionists, and the medical community focusing on disease prevention.

Handbook of Antioxidants

Handbook of Antioxidants Book
Author : Lester Packer
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2001-10-26
ISBN : 0824745108
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Contains new and expanded material on antioxidants in beverages and herbal products, nitric oxide and selenium, and the effect of vitamin C on cardiovascular disease and of lipoic acid on aging, hyperglycemia, and insulin resistance! Offering over 4200 contemporary references-2000 more than the previous edition-the Second Edition of the Handbook of Antioxidants is an up-to-the-minute source for nutritionists and dietitians, cell biologists and biochemists, cardiologists, oncologists, dermatologists, and medical students in these disciplines.

Protective Effects of Tea on Human Health

Protective Effects of Tea on Human Health Book
Author : N. K. Jain,Maqsood Siddiqi,J. H. Weisburger
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2006
ISBN : 1845931130
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bringing together the latest research from leading experts, this book provides an indispensable reference on the health benefits of drinking tea. It examines the general health giving properties of tea before moving on to a detailed review of the evidence for the beneficial effects of tea on specific ailments including cancer, the common cold, renal disease, cardiovascular disease, antiviral influenza, arthritis, lung and pulmonary ailments, aging, oral health, and dementia.

Diet Microbe Interactions in the Gut

Diet Microbe Interactions in the Gut Book
Author : Kieran Tuohy,Daniele Del Rio
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-08-04
ISBN : 0124079415
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Drawing on expert opinions from the fields of nutrition, gut microbiology, mammalian physiology, and immunology, Diet-Microbe Interactions for Human Health investigates the evidence for a unified disease mechanism working through the gut and its resident microbiota, and linking many inflammation-related chronic diet associated diseases. State of the art post-genomic studies can highlight the important role played by our resident intestinal microbiota in determining human health and disease. Many chronic human diseases associated with modern lifestyles and diets — including those localized to the intestinal tract like inflammatory bowel disease and celiac disease, and more pervasive systemic conditions such as obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease — are characterized by aberrant profiles of gut bacteria or their metabolites. Many of these diseases have an inflammatory basis, often presenting with a chronic low-grade systemic inflammation, hinting at persistent and inappropriate activation of inflammatory pathways. Through the presentation and analysis of recent nutrition studies, this book discusses the possible mechanisms underpinning the disease processes associated with these pathologies, with high fat diets appearing to predispose to disease, and biologically active plant components, mainly fiber and polyphenols, appearing to reduce the risk of chronic disease development. One comprehensive, translational source for all aspects of nutrition and diet's effect on gastrointestinal health and disease Experts in nutrition, diet, microbiology and immunology take readers from the bench research (cellular and biochemical mechanisms of vitamins and nutrients) to new preventive and therapeutic approaches Clear presentations by leading researchers of the cellular mechanisms underlying diet, immune response, and gastrointestinal disease help practicing nutritionists and clinicians (gastroenterologists, endocrinologists) map out new areas for clinical research and structuring clinical recommendations

Recent Advances in Polyphenol Research

Recent Advances in Polyphenol Research Book
Author : Annalisa Romani,Vincenzo Lattanzio,Stephane Quideau
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-10-20
ISBN : 1118329678
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant polyphenols are secondary metabolites that constitute one of the most common and widespread groups of natural products. They express a large and diverse panel of biological activities including beneficial effects on both plants and humans. Many polyphenols, from their structurally simplest representatives to their oligo/polymeric versions (also referred to as vegetable tannins) are notably known as phytoestrogens, plant pigments, potent antioxidants, and protein interacting agents. Sponsored by the scholarly society Groupe Polyphénols, this publication, which is the fourth volume in this highly regarded Recent Advances in Polyphenol Research series, is edited by Annalisa Romani, Vincenzo Lattanzio, and Stéphane Quideau. They have once again, like their predecessors, put together an impressive collection of cutting-edge chapters written by expert scientists, internationally respected in their respective field of polyphenol sciences. This Volume 4 highlights some of the latest information and opinion on the following major research topics about polyphenols: Biosynthesis and genetic manipulation Ecological role of polyphenols in plant defense Actions of polyphenols in human health protection Physical organic chemistry and organic synthesis Chemists, biochemists, plant scientists, pharmacognosists and pharmacologists, biologists, ecologists, food scientists and nutritionists will all find this book an invaluable resource. Libraries in all universities and research institutions where these disciplines are studied and taught should have copies on their bookshelves.

Phytochemicals

Phytochemicals Book
Author : Venketeshwer Rao,Leticia Rao
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2015-09-30
ISBN : 9535121707
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Global dietary recommendations emphasize the consumption of plant-based foods for the prevention and management of chronic diseases. Plants contain many biologically active compounds referred to as phytochemicals or functional ingredients. These compounds play an important role in human health. Prior to establishing the safety and health benefits of these compounds, they must first be isolated, purified, and their physico-chemical properties established. Once identified, their mechanisms of actions are studied. The chapters are arranged in the order from isolation, purification and identification to in vivo and clinical studies, there by covering not only the analytical procedures used but also their nutraceutical and therapeutic properties.