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Polymers In Organic Electronics

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Organic Radical Polymers

Organic Radical Polymers Book
Author : Sanjoy Mukherjee,Bryan W. Boudouris
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-06-22
ISBN : 3319585746
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a detailed introduction to organic radical polymers and open-shell macromolecules. Functional macromolecules have led to marked increases in a wide range of technologies, and one of the fastest growing of these fields is that of organic electronic materials and devices. To date, synthetic and organic electronic device efforts have focused almost exclusively on closed-shell polymers despite the promise of open-shell macromolecules in myriad applications. This text represents the first comprehensive review of the design, synthesis, characterization, and device applications of open-shell polymers. In particular, it will summarize the impressive synthetic and device performance efforts that have been achieved with respect to energy storage, energy conversion, magnetic, and spintronic applications. By combining comprehensive reviews with a wealth of informative figures, the text provides the reader with a complete “molecules-to-modules” understanding of the state of the art in open-shell macromolecules. Moreover, the monograph highlights future directions for open-shell polymers in order to allow the reader to be part of the community that continues to build the field. In this way, the reader will gain a rapid understanding of the field and will have a clear pathway to utilize these materials in next-generation applications.

Polymers in Organic Electronics

Polymers in Organic Electronics Book
Author : Sulaiman Khalifeh
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-04-01
ISBN : 192788568X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymers in Organic Electronics: Polymer Selection for Electronic, Mechatronic, and Optoelectronic Systems provides readers with vital data, guidelines, and techniques for optimally designing organic electronic systems using novel polymers. The book classifies polymer families, types, complexes, composites, nanocomposites, compounds, and small molecules while also providing an introduction to the fundamental principles of polymers and electronics. Features information on concepts and optimized types of electronics and a classification system of electronic polymers, including piezoelectric and pyroelectric, optoelectronic, mechatronic, organic electronic complexes, and more. The book is designed to help readers select the optimized material for structuring their organic electronic system. Chapters discuss the most common properties of electronic polymers, methods of optimization, and polymeric-structured printed circuit boards. The polymeric structures of optoelectronics and photonics are covered and the book concludes with a chapter emphasizing the importance of polymeric structures for packaging of electronic devices. Provides key identifying details on a range of polymers, micro-polymers, nano-polymers, resins, hydrocarbons, and oligomers Covers the most common electrical, electronic, and optical properties of electronic polymers Describes the underlying theories on the mechanics of polymer conductivity Discusses polymeric structured printed circuit boards, including their rapid prototyping and optimizing their polymeric structures Shows optimization methods for both polymeric structures of organic active electronic components and organic passive electronic components

Synthesis of Pendant Polymers for Organic Electronics

Synthesis of Pendant Polymers for Organic Electronics Book
Author : Craig Combe
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2013
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The field of organic electronics is dominated by two different strategies; small molecules and conjugated back-bone polymers each with their own strengths and weaknesses. Small molecules tend to have better electronic properties due to the ease with which they form crystals but are difficult to process on an industrial scale. Conjugated back-bone polymers' physical properties are ideal for mass production via methods such as inkjet printing but their electronic properties are highly dependent on the polymer morphology which is difficult to reproduce effectively on an industrial scale. This project will attempt to combine both strategies by making pendant polymers using new and known, high performance small molecules attached to a flexible polymer backbone. It is theorised that the small molecule pendants will interact to give the desired electronic properties, while the backbone will provide the physical properties required for simpler industrial manufacture.

Organic Electronics Materials and Devices

Organic Electronics Materials and Devices Book
Author : Shuichiro Ogawa
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-09-18
ISBN : 4431556540
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is an introductory text for graduate students, researchers in industries, and those who are just beginning to work on organic electronics materials, devices and their applications. The book includes mainly fundamental principles and theories for understanding organic electronics materials and devices, but also provides information about state-of-the-art technologies, applications and future prospects. These topics encompass physics for organic transistors, structure control technologies of polymer semiconductors, nanomaterials electronics, organic solar cells, organic electroluminescence, liquid semiconductors and dynamics for excitation, among others. This book will help researchers to be able to contribute to society with the technologies and science of organic electronics materials in the future.

Triphenylene based Polymers for Organic Electronics

Triphenylene based Polymers for Organic Electronics Book
Author : Moussa Saleh
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Triphenylene based Polymers for Organic Electronics book written by Moussa Saleh, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Organic Electronic Materials

Organic Electronic Materials Book
Author : R. Farchioni,G. Grosso
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-21
ISBN : 3642564259
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book brings together selected contributions both on the fundamental information on the physics and chemistry of these materials, new physical ideas and decisive experiments. It constitutes both an insightful treatise and a handy reference for specialists and graduate students working in solid state physics and chemistry, material science and related fields.

New Conjugated Polymers for Organic Electronics

New Conjugated Polymers for Organic Electronics Book
Author : Yan Zhu
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download New Conjugated Polymers for Organic Electronics book written by Yan Zhu, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Organic Electronics for Electrochromic Materials and Devices

Organic Electronics for Electrochromic Materials and Devices Book
Author : Hong Meng
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-03-30
ISBN : 3527830618
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Explore this comprehensive overview of organic electrochromic materials and devices from a leading voice in the industry Organic Electronics for Electrochromic Materials and Devices delivers a complete discussion of the major and key topics related to the phenomenon of electrochromism. The text covers the history of organic electrochromism, its fundamental principles, different types of electrochromic materials, the development of device structures and multi-function devices, characterizations of device performance, modern applications of electrochromic devices, and prospects for future electrochromic devices. The distinguished author places a strong focus on recent research results from universities and private firms from around the world and addresses the issues and challenges faced by those who apply organic electrochromic technology in the real world. With these devices quickly becoming the go-to display technology in the field of electronic information, this resource will quickly become indispensable to all who work or study in the field of optics. Readers will also benefit from the inclusion of: A thorough introduction to organic electrochromism, including its history and the mechanisms of electrochromic devices An exploration of polymer electrolytes for electrochromic applications, including their requirements and types A discussion of electrochromic small molecules, including the development of technology in conjugated polymer and violene-cyanine hybrids A treatment of Prussian blue and metallohexacyanates, including their backgrounds, technology development, crystal structures, synthesis, nanocomposites, and assembled electrochromic devices Perfect for materials scientists, polymer chemists, organic chemists, physical chemists, and inorganic chemists, Organic Electronics for Electrochromic Materials and Devices will also earn a place in the libraries of physicists and those who work in the optical industry who seek a one-stop reference that covers all aspects of organic electrochromic materials.

Development of Novel Conjugated Polymer Materials and Structures for Organic Electronics and Energy Applications

Development of Novel Conjugated Polymer Materials and Structures for Organic Electronics and Energy Applications Book
Author : Bartlomiej Piotr Kolodziejczyk
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While much research in the field of conducting polymers and organic electronics focuses on development of novel polymers and other related materials, or enhancing the properties of existing materials and understanding the mechanisms behind them, in many cases, clear and reliable future directions or applications of the research are unclear. Developing an understanding of the roles of different physical and chemical mechanisms and establishing simple, cheap and reliable manufacturing and processing technologies for conducting polymers will be crucial to guide future research to uncover modern materials for advanced practical applications. In the present work, several novel manufacturing and processing routes have been established to firstly create organic materials with desired properties and, later, to apply them in functional devices. Several adjustments have been made to the synthesis of conducting polymers, and novel ways for patterning of thin organic films developed, so that high-quality materials can be made cheaply and relatively quickly and then used to create functional devices with improved properties. Conducting polymers such as polyacetylene, polythiophene, polyaniline or poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) have been studied for several decades now; however, their properties have not been sufficient for widespread commercial application. Only recently have developments in the field and improvements in the properties of these materials, as well as better understanding of mechanisms underlying their functionality, allowed their use in prototype devices. The conductivity of organic materials is still relatively low compared to that of their inorganic counterparts, although some applications do not require such high electrical properties. A critical step was to better understand conductivity mechanisms and improve them using several different methods. Examples of methods to improve properties include blending two or more conducting or non-conducting polymers, co-polymerizing different monomers together or designing polymers and their surfaces on the nano-level. This work presents a study of two conducting polymers: poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) and poly(thiophene) and some attempts to increase their current properties or develop new properties to meet requirements for specific applications. Most of the effort focuses on the development of properties that are important for application in fields like energy production and storage, photonics and electronics. These critical properties include high electrical performance and high conductivity, good electrochemical properties, high surface area, broad light absorption spectra, biocompatibility, good mechanical properties and long lifetime. Chapter 3 discusses vapor phase co-polymerization of bithiophene and terthiophene as a route to widen absorption spectra of polythiophene materials. Chapter 4 describes processes responsible for formation of polythiophene nano-structures during vapor phase polymerization. It also explains conditions and polymerization parameters responsible for formation of different nano-structures so that those materials can be tuned for desired applications. Chapter 5 shows development of a laser ablation technique as a way to pattern conducting polymers to get the shape and architecture required for a specific device or application. The laser ablation technique is applied to manufacture organic electrochemical transistors and gas sensors. Lastly, Chapter 6 builds on knowledge from previous chapters to develop organic light sensors and opto-logic gates that can be used in an optical-to-electronic interface. This work significantly advances the state of knowledge of conducting polymers within the organic electronics field, and gives insights into how those materials interact with each other and how to tailor their properties. The findings here can serve as a basis for developing new conducting polymers, as well as direct investigations for new applications using the materials presented here.

Polymers for Light emitting Devices and Displays

Polymers for Light emitting Devices and Displays Book
Author : Inamuddin,Rajender Boddula,Mohd Imran Ahamed,Abdullah M. Asiri
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-05-27
ISBN : 1119654602
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymers for Light-Emitting Devices and Displays provides an in-depth overview of fabrication methods and unique properties of polymeric semiconductors, and their potential applications for LEDs including organic electronics, displays, and optoelectronics. Some of the chapter subjects include: • The newest polymeric materials and processes beyond the classical structure of PLED • Conjugated polymers and their application in the light-emitting diodes (OLEDs & PLEDs) as optoelectronic devices. • The novel work carried out on electrospun nanofibers used for LEDs. • The roles of diversified architectures, layers, components, and their structural modifications in determining efficiencies and parameters of PLEDs as high-performance devices. • Polymer liquid crystal devices (PLCs), their synthesis, and applications in various liquid crystal devices (LCs) and displays. • Reviews the state-of-art of materials and technologies to manufacture hybrid white light-emitting diodes based on inorganic light sources and organic wavelength converters.

Triphenylene based Polymers for Organic Electronics

Triphenylene based Polymers for Organic Electronics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An efficient synthesis has been developed toward a novel series of conjugated blue emitting polymers containing triphenylene as repeating unit for polymer light emitting diodes (PLEDs). Soluble triphenylene-based co- and homo-polymers have been synthesized by the palladium-catalyzed Suzuki-Miyaura and the nickel-catalysed Yamamoto polycondensation reactions, respectively. The photophysical properties as well as the application of the polymers in PLED devices are presented here.rnIn addition a simple GNR fabrication method that allows for the production of atomically precise GNRs of different topologies and widths is introduced. This bottom-up approach consists in the surface-assisted coupling of suitably designed molecular triphenylene precursors into linear polyphenylenes and their subsequent cyclodehydrogenation and results in GNRs whose topology, width and edge periphery are defined by the precursor monomers. Various types of atomically precise GNRs thus eventually become available for experimental investigation and exploitation of their many predicted and technologically highly interesting properties. Furthermore, it is anticipated that this bottom-up approach of GNR fabrication will allow the engineering of chemical and electronic properties and the yet elusive realization of theoretically predicted structures such as intraribbon quantum dots, superlattice structures, or magnetic devices based on specific GNR edge states.rn.

Handbook of Thiophene Based Materials

Handbook of Thiophene Based Materials Book
Author : Igor F. Perepichka,Dmitrii F. Perepichka
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-07-17
ISBN : 9780470745540
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This essential resource consists of a series of critical reviews written by leading scientists, summarising the progress in the field of conjugated thiophene materials. It is an application-oriented book, giving a chemists’ point of view on the state-of-art and perspectives of the field. While presenting a comprehensive coverage of thiophene-based materials and related applications, the aim is to show how the rational molecular design of materials can bring a new breadth to known device applications or even aid the development of novel application concepts. The main topics covered include synthetic methodologies to thiophene-based materials (including the chemistry of thiophene, preparation of oligomers and polymerisation approaches) and the structure and physical properties of oligo- and polythiophenes (discussion of structural effects on electronic and optical properties). Part of the book is devoted to the optical and semiconducting properties of conjugated thiophene materials for electronics and photonics, and the role of thiophene-based materials in nanotechnology.

Organic Electronics

Organic Electronics Book
Author : Gregor Meller,Tibor Grasser
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-11-18
ISBN : 3642045375
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Dear Readers, Since the ground-breaking, Nobel-prize crowned work of Heeger, MacDiarmid, and Shirakawa on molecularly doped polymers and polymers with an alternating bonding structure at the end of the 1970s, the academic and industrial research on hydrocarbon-based semiconducting materials and devices has made encouraging progress. The strengths of semiconducting polymers are currently mainly unfolding in cheap and easily assembled thin ?lm transistors, light emitting diodes, and organic solar cells. The use of so-called “plastic chips” ranges from lightweight, portable devices over large-area applications to gadgets demanding a degree of mechanical ?exibility, which would overstress conventionaldevices based on inorganic,perfect crystals. The ?eld of organic electronics has evolved quite dynamically during the last few years; thus consumer electronics based on molecular semiconductors has gained suf?cient market attractiveness to be launched by the major manufacturers in the recent past. Nonetheless, the numerous challenges related to organic device physics and the physics of ordered and disordered molecular solids are still the subjects of a cont- uing lively debate. The future of organic microelectronics will unavoidably lead to new devi- physical insights and hence to novel compounds and device architectures of - hanced complexity. Thus, the early evolution of predictive models and precise, computationally effective simulation tools for computer-aided analysis and design of promising device prototypes will be of crucial importance.

Electronic Structure of Organic Semiconductors

Electronic Structure of Organic Semiconductors Book
Author : Luís Alcácer
Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Release : 2018-12-07
ISBN : 1643271687
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written in the perspective of an experimental chemist, this book puts together some fundamentals from chemistry, solid state physics and quantum chemistry, to help with understanding and predicting the electronic and optical properties of organic semiconductors, both polymers and small molecules. The text is intended to assist graduate students and researchers in the field of organic electronics to use theory to design more efficient materials for organic electronic devices such as organic solar cells, light emitting diodes and field effect transistors. After addressing some basic topics in solid state physics, a comprehensive introduction to molecular orbitals and band theory leads to a description of computational methods based on Hartree-Fock and density functional theory (DFT), for predicting geometry conformations, frontier levels and energy band structures. Topological defects and transport and optical properties are then addressed, and one of the most commonly used transparent conducting polymers, PEDOT:PSS, is described in some detail as a case study.

Organic Semiconducting Molecules and Polymers for Solution Processed Organic Electronics

Organic Semiconducting Molecules and Polymers for Solution Processed Organic Electronics Book
Author : Romain Stalder
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the second portion of this dissertation, the electron-deficient molecule isoindigo is presented as a valuable building block for conjugated materials applied to organic photovoltaics. First, the synthesis of model compounds is described. Fully conjugated donor-acceptor polymers are then synthesized using electron-donor co-monomers of various donating strengths. These materials are of low band gaps thus absorb towards the near-IR, and they have low HOMO and LUMO energy levels. This makes isoindigo-based conjugated polymers good candidates as n-type materials. The synthesis of fully conjugated polymers composed exclusively of electron-deficient units was thus targeted. In particular, the homopolymer of isoindigo is used in all-polymer solar cells. The last part of this dissertation presents the synthesis of the copolymer of isoindigo and dithienosilole, targeted as p-type material for polymer/fullerenes solar cell applications. The photovoltaic characteristics of the blends are described, both in conventional and inverted solar cell architectures.

Conjugated Polymer Design and Engineering for Organic Electronics

Conjugated Polymer Design and Engineering for Organic Electronics Book
Author : Claire Hoi Kar Woo
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The molecular structure of a conjugated polymer critically impacts its physical and optoelectronic properties, thus determining its ultimate performance in organic electronic devices. In this work, new polymers and derivatives are designed, synthesized, characterized, and tested in photovoltaic devices. Through device engineering and nanoscale characterization, general structure-function relationships are established to aid the design of the next-generation of high performance polymer semiconductors for organic electronic applications. Using a prototypical conjugated polymer, the influence of backbone regioregularity is examined and found to highly impact polymer crystallinity, solid state morphology and device stability. The investigation of alternative aromatic units in the backbone also led to new understandings in polymer processability and the development of promising materials for organic photovoltaics. Besides the backbone structure, the side chain choice of the polymer can significantly affect material properties and device performance as well. In fact, the side chain substitution can influence both the optoelectronic properties and the physical properties of the polymer. A sterically bulky side chain can be used to tune the donor/acceptor separation distance, which in turn determines the charge separation efficiency. The addition of a polar side group increases the dielectric constant of a polymer and improves overall charge separation. Choosing the appropriate solubilizing group can also induce solid state packing of the polymer and considerably enhance device efficiency. Finally, the influence of post-fabrication processing techniques on the crystallinity and charge transport properties of a polymer is highlighted.

Benzodithiophene Containing Semiconducting Polymers for Organic Electronics

Benzodithiophene Containing Semiconducting Polymers for Organic Electronics Book
Author : Prakash Sista,University of Texas at Dallas. Graduate Program in Chemistry
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chapter 1 describes the evolution of the field of semiconducting polymers leading to the development of the benzodithiophene core. Synthetic methodologies adopted for the synthesis of benzodithiophene monomers, polymers and their electronic properties are described in this chapter.

Azobenzene based Polymers for Organic Electronics and Photo thermal Batteries

Azobenzene based Polymers for Organic Electronics and Photo thermal Batteries Book
Author : Seung Pyo Jeong
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Azobenzene based Polymers for Organic Electronics and Photo thermal Batteries book written by Seung Pyo Jeong, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Hydrogen Bonded Small Molecules and Polymers in Organic Electronics

Hydrogen Bonded Small Molecules and Polymers in Organic Electronics Book
Author : Bilal Özen
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mots-clés de l'auteur: Semiaromatic polyamide ; hydrogen bonding ; organic semiconductors ; organic field-effect transistors ; oligothiophene ; perylene bisimide ; structure-property relationships.