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Polymeric Supports For Enzyme Immobilization

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Polymeric Supports for Enzyme Immobilization

Polymeric Supports for Enzyme Immobilization Book
Author : Alka Dwevedi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-06-22
ISBN : 0128192070
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Enzyme immobilization has been approached for finding solutions for various critical problems associated with industries, medicine, environment, agriculture, etc. Especially since last decades, several innovative researches have come up to look for enhancing catalytic efficiency, reusability of immobilized enzyme and longer stability by introducing range of immobilizing supports, supports modifiers through introduction of several chemical agents (non-toxic) and adopting innovative enzyme immobilization methods. In the present book, polymeric supports have been focussed for enzyme immobilization, especially due to their versatility in immobilizing different enzymes for different large scale enzyme reactors to be used for several applications. Especially, polymers can be modified according to applications and enzyme properties which have made it supports of choice for all several enzyme based applications. Polymeric Supports for Enzyme Immobilization: Opportunities and Applications offers in-depth discussions of known polymeric enzyme support materials, reaction processes, and optimized methods to enhance enzyme immobilization. Case-based chapters examine methods of enzyme immobilization onto various polymeric supports, their surface chemistry and physical morphology followed by implementation of polymers based immobilized enzymes in various applications, viz. medicine, environment, industries, clean energy, disease diagnosis, drug delivery etc. This book has prime focus to allow several researchers across the world to provide updated technological details and incite to contribute more innovative work in coming years to find solutions to several critical problems. Offers an in-depth, case-driven discussion of known polymeric enzyme support materials, associated reaction processes, and methods to enhance enzyme immobilization Provides optimal strategies for various enzymes, processes, and applications, considering the enzyme itself, substrate, and available support properties Provides complete details on applications of polymeric based immobilized enzymes in various applications ranging from chemical; or pharmaceutical synthesis, food processing, bioremediation, industrial catalysis, etc.

Immobilized Enzyme Principles

Immobilized Enzyme Principles Book
Author : Lemuel B. Wingard,Ephraim Katchalski-Katzir,Leon Goldstein
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-06-28
ISBN : 1483215849
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Applied Biochemistry and Bioengineering, Volume 1: Immobilized Enzyme Principles focuses on the utilization of immobilization techniques for the study and application of enzyme catalysts in a variety of potential end-uses. This book emphasizes the preparation of enzyme-support systems, effects caused by the concurrent phenomena of enzyme-catalyzed reaction kinetics and mass transfer resistances, and how these reactions are incorporated into the design of enzyme-catalyzed reactor systems. The magnitude of the perturbation of the apparent kinetic parameters of an immobilized enzyme that could serve in principle as a measure of the effective concentrations of substrate, modifier, or inhibitor at the site of the enzymic reaction is also explained. This volume is recommended for biological scientists and engineers, as well as researchers interested in the biochemical common denominator that causes the interaction of engineering practice and biological sciences for technological development.

Functionalized Polymeric Materials in Agriculture and the Food Industry

Functionalized Polymeric Materials in Agriculture and the Food Industry Book
Author : Ahmed Akelah
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-07-03
ISBN : 1461470617
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The purpose of this book will be to demonstrate 1) the newly developed method of using reactive functionalized materials in agriculture to solve the economic and public health problems associated with using conventional agrochemicals; and 2) new technology aimed at achieving the greening of chemistry to meet appropriate environmental standards in both agriculture and industrial foodstuffs production. More specifically, the book will accomplish this goal by addressing 3 key issues in the field: 1) the production of reactive functionalized materials with enhanced properties that offer a major opportunity to overcome the disadvantages of using traditional materials; 2) the applications of functionalized materials in agriculture for the purpose of solving the economic and the environmental pollution problems associated with the uses of conventional agrochemicals; and 3) the contribution of polymers in solving problems associated with conventional procedures of food growth and processing, including those used in the dairy industry, sugar and fruit juices, beer and wine production, nutritive and nonnutritive food additives, and in food protection.

Principles of Polymer Chemistry

Principles of Polymer Chemistry Book
Author : A. Ravve
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461542278
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Principles of Polymer Chemistry, Second Edition was written for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in polymer chemistry, along with practicing chemists who need a reference guide. Many important events have taken place since the First Edition was published in 1995, and they are updated here. For example, sections have been included on controlled/living free radical polymerization, and sections on metathesis type polymerization and metallocene catalysts were expanded. The book was also expanded to include discussions of thermodynamics of elasticity, thermodynamics of polymeric solutions, and rheology and viscoelasticity. A chapter on degradation of polymers was also added.

Enzyme or Whole Cell Immobilization for Efficient Biocatalysis Focusing on Novel Supporting Platforms and Immobilization Techniques

Enzyme or Whole Cell Immobilization for Efficient Biocatalysis  Focusing on Novel Supporting Platforms and Immobilization Techniques Book
Author : Wen-Yong Lou,Jun Ge,Changzhu Wu,Jesús Fernández Lucas
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-04-21
ISBN : 288966709X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Enzyme or Whole Cell Immobilization for Efficient Biocatalysis Focusing on Novel Supporting Platforms and Immobilization Techniques book written by Wen-Yong Lou,Jun Ge,Changzhu Wu,Jesús Fernández Lucas, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Concise Polymeric Materials Encyclopedia

Concise Polymeric Materials Encyclopedia Book
Author : Joseph C. Salamone
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1998-08-28
ISBN : 9780849322266
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Concise Polymeric Materials Encyclopedia culls the most used, widely applicable articles from the Polymeric Materials Encyclopedia - more than 1,100 - and presents them to you in a condensed, well-ordered format. Featuring contributions from more than 1,800 scientists from all over the world, the book discusses a vast array of subjects related to the: synthesis, properties, and applications of polymeric materials development of modern catalysts in preparing new or modified polymers modification of existing polymers by chemical and physical processes biologically oriented polymers This comprehensive, easy-to-use resource on modern polymeric materials serves as an invaluable addition to reference collections in the polymer field.

Immobilized Biocatalysts

Immobilized Biocatalysts Book
Author : Peter Grunwald
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2018-11-14
ISBN : 3038973181
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Immobilized Biocatalysts" that was published in Catalysts

Principles of Polymerization

Principles of Polymerization Book
Author : George Odian
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2004-02-09
ISBN : 0471274003
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The new edition of a classic text and reference The large chains of molecules known as polymers are currently used in everything from "wash and wear" clothing to rubber tires to protective enamels and paints. Yet the practical applications of polymers are only increasing; innovations in polymer chemistry constantly bring both improved and entirely new uses for polymers onto the technological playing field. Principles of Polymerization, Fourth Edition presents the classic text on polymer synthesis, fully updated to reflect today's state of the art. New and expanded coverage in the Fourth Edition includes: * Metallocene and post-metallocene polymerization catalysts * Living polymerizations (radical, cationic, anionic) * Dendrimer, hyperbranched, brush, and other polymer architectures and assemblies * Graft and block copolymers * High-temperature polymers * Inorganic and organometallic polymers * Conducting polymers * Ring-opening polymer ization * In vivo and in vitro polymerization Appropriate for both novice and advanced students as well as professionals, this comprehensive yet accessible resource enables the reader to achieve an advanced, up-to-date understanding of polymer synthesis. Different methods of polymerization, reaction parameters for synthesis, molecular weight, branching and crosslinking, and the chemical and physical structure of polymers all receive ample coverage. A thorough discussion at the elementary level prefaces each topic, with a more advanced treatment following. Yet the language throughout remains straightforward and geared towards the student. Extensively updated, Principles of Polymerization, Fourth Edition provides an excellent textbook for today's students of polymer chemistry, chemical engineering, and materials science, as well as a current reference for the researcher or other practitioner working in these areas.

Bioactive Polymeric Systems

Bioactive Polymeric Systems Book
Author : Charles G. Gebelein,Charles E. Carraher
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1475704054
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The vast array of libraries in the world bear mute witness to the truth of the 3000-year-old observation of King Solomon who stated " ... of making many books there is no end, and much study is a weariness of the flesh." Yet books are an essential written record of our lives and the progress of science and humanity. Here is another book to add to this huge collection, but, hopefully, not just another collection of pages, but rather a book with a specific purpose to aid in alleviating the "weariness of the flesh" that could arise from much studying of other journals and books in order to obtain the basic information contained herein. This book is about polymeric materials and biological activity, as the title notes. Polymeric materials, in the broad view taken here, would include not only synthetic polymers (e.g., polyethylene, polyvinyl chloride, polyesters, polyamides, etc.), but also the natural macromolecules (e.g., proteins, nucleic acids, polysaccharides) which compose natural tissues in humans, animals and plants. In the broad sense used here, biological activity is any type of such action whether it be in medication, pest control, plant-growth regu lation, and so on. In short, this book attempts to consider, briefly, the use of any type of polymeric material system with essentially any kind of biological activity.

Enzyme Immobilization

Enzyme Immobilization Book
Author : Rowan Austin
Publisher : Scientific e-Resources
Release : 2018-12-19
ISBN : 1839473460
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An enzyme is a protein, or protein complex, that catalyses a chemical reaction. Like any catalyst, enzymes work by lowering the activation energy of a reaction, thus allowing the reaction to proceed to its steady state or completion much faster than it otherwise would; the enzyme remains unaltered by the completed reaction and can therefore continue catalysis. An immobilized enzyme is an enzyme attached to an inert, insoluble material-such as calcium alginate. This can provide increased resistance to changes in conditions such as pH or temperature. It also lets enzymes be held in place throughout the reaction, following which they are easily separated from the products and may be used again-a far more efficient process and so is widely used in industry for enzyme catalysed reactions. An alternative to enzyme immobilization is whole cell immobilization. Carrier matrices for enzyme immobilisation by adsorption and covalent binding must be chosen with care. The manufacture of high-valued products on a small scale may allow the use of relatively expensive supports and immobilisation techniques whereas these would not be economical in the large-scale production of low added-value materials. A substantial saving in costs occurs where the carrier may be regenerated after the useful lifetime of the immobilised enzyme. This book is simple protocols for the immobilization of enzymes and cells that could be useful for application at industrial scale, novel protocols for immobilization in the future, and new chemical reactors able to overcome the limitations of a number of immobilized derivatives.

Industrial Applications of Microbial Enzymes

Industrial Applications of Microbial Enzymes Book
Author : Pankaj Bhatt
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2022-08-03
ISBN : 1000600629
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microbial enzymes are important because they can be used for a wide variety of industrial purposes. There is dispersed and scanty information available with respect to microbial enzymes and their industrial applications. In this edited book, leading scientists have covered the various aspects of microbial enzymes and their industrial applications. Using microbial enzymes can help expedite various manufacturing processes and contribute to sustainable development, which is a priority worldwide. Research gaps in the entrainment of microbial enzymes with their direct application in product development are a major focus of this volume. Key Features • Covers microbial enzymes with comprehensive and in-depth information • Benefits students by describing recent advancements into microbial enzymology • Provides updates regarding microbial enzymes for researchers and industrial scientists • Includes findings on the microbial actions for better life

Polymers as Aids in Organic Chemistry

Polymers as Aids in Organic Chemistry Book
Author : N.K Mather
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0323141196
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymers as Aids in Organic Chemistry covers the broad classifications and application of polymers in organic chemistry. This book is organized into 15 chapters that focus on the transformation of polymers and their role in other reagents that must be easily separated from their final product. After a brief introduction to polymer chemistry, the book presents a tabulation of the various types of polymers that have been used and the methods for their characterization. It then discusses the use of polymers as supports in peptide, oligonucleotide, and oligosaccharide chemistry; in peptide sequencing; in monofunctionalized difunctional compounds preparation, as aids in asymmetric syntheses; and as trapping agents in the determination of reaction intermediates. The subsequent chapters describe the use of polymers as catalysts, with particular emphasis on transition metals immobilized in the polymer matrix and used as catalysts. The concluding chapters examine polymer-immobilized compounds, enzymes, and whole cells that have been used to carry out a large number of reaction, most of which impinge on the area of organic chemistry. Polymer scientists and researchers and organic chemists will find this book invaluable.

Styrenes Advances in Research and Application 2011 Edition

Styrenes  Advances in Research and Application  2011 Edition Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
Release : 2012-01-09
ISBN : 1464925585
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Styrenes: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyBrief™ that delivers timely, authoritative, comprehensive, and specialized information about Styrenes in a concise format. The editors have built Styrenes: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Styrenes in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Styrenes: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Surface Engineering of Polymer Membranes

Surface Engineering of Polymer Membranes Book
Author : Zhi-Kang Xu,Xiao-Jun Huang,Ling-Shu Wan
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-05-15
ISBN : 3540884130
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Surface Engineering of Polymer Membranes covers the processes that modify membrane surfaces to improve their in-service performance, meaning, to confer surface properties which are different from the bulk properties. Purposes may be to minimize fouling, modulate hydrophilicity/ hydrophobicity, enhance biocompatibility, create diffusion barriers, provide functionalities, mimic biomembranes, fabricate nanostructures, etc. First, the basics of surface engineering of polymer membranes are covered. Then topics such as surface modification by graft polymerization and macromolecule immobilization, biomimetic surfaces, enzyme immobilization, molecular recognition, and nanostructured surfaces are discussed. This book provides a unique synthesis of the knowledge of the role of surface chemistry and physics in membrane science. Dr. Zhikang Xu of the Institute of Polymer Science of Zhejiang University has eight Chinese patents and in 2006 was honored as a Distinguished Young Scholar by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC).

Biodegradable Systems in Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine

Biodegradable Systems in Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine Book
Author : Rui L. Reis,Julio San Román
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2004-11-29
ISBN : 1135494428
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Conventional materials technology has yielded clear improvements in regenerative medicine. Ideally, however, a replacement material should mimic the living tissue mechanically, chemically, biologically and functionally. The use of tissue-engineered products based on novel biodegradable polymeric systems will lead to dramatic improvements in health

Catalyst Immobilization

Catalyst Immobilization Book
Author : Maurizio Benaglia,Alessandra Puglisi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-02-10
ISBN : 3527345094
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive resource on techniques and applications for immobilizing catalysts Catalyst Immobilization: Methods and Applications covers catalyst immobilization topics including technologies, materials, characterization, chemical activity, and recyclability. The book also presents innovative applications for supported catalysts, such as flow chemistry and machine-assisted organic synthesis. Written by an international panel of expert contributors, this book outlines the general principles of catalyst immobilization and explores different types of supports employed in catalyst heterogenization. The book?s chapters examine the immobilization of chiral organocatalysts, reactions in flow reactors, 3D printed devices for catalytic systems, and more. Catalyst Immobilization offers a modern vision and a broad and critical view of this exciting field. This important book: -Offers a guide to supported and therefore recyclable catalysts, which is one of the most important tools for developing a highly sustainable chemistry -Presents various immobilization techniques and applications -Explores new trends, such as 3D printed devices for catalytic systems -Contains information from a leading international team of authors Written for catalytic chemists, organic chemists, process engineers, biochemists, surface chemists, materials scientists, analytical chemists, Catalyst Immobilization: Methods and Applications presents the latest developments and includes a review of the innovative trends such as flow chemistry, reactions in microreactors, and beyond.

Polymeric Materials for Clean Water

Polymeric Materials for Clean Water Book
Author : Rasel Das
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-09-27
ISBN : 303000743X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book gives an overview of recent developments in the synthesis of macromolecules for water purification applications. The preparation of these polymers from organic and inorganic starting materials is described. Important post-polymerization modifications, introduction of functional groups and production of supramolecular assemblies and nanomaterials are shown. The synthesized materials are presented with their interesting properties and broad areas of applications. A comprehensive discussion about the engineering aspect and the usage in water treatment as well as environmental issues is given. The wide variety of materials and their synthesis techniques will encourage scientists in developing new synthesis routes and materials, whereby engineers will be encouraged to find new possible applications.

Immobilized Catalysts

Immobilized Catalysts Book
Author : W. Bannwarth
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2004-11-22
ISBN : 9783540209157
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

R. Haag, S. Roller: Polymeric Supports for the Immobilisation of Catalysts .- J. Horn, F. Michalek, C.C. Tzschucke, W. Bannwarth: Non-Covalently Solid-Phase Bound Catalysts for Organic Synthesis .- Y. Uozumi: Recent Progress in Polymeric Palladium Catalysts for Organic Synthesis .- D.E. Bergbreiter, J. Li: Applications of Catalysts on Soluble Supports .- B. Desai, C.O. Kappe: Microwave-Assisted Synthesis Involving Immobilized Catalysts .- A. Kirschning, G. Jas: Applications of Immobilized Catalysts in Continuous Flow Processes .- N. End, K.-U. Schöning: Immobilized Catalysts in Industrial Research and Application .- N. End, K.-U. Schöning: Immobilized Biocatalysts in Industrial Research and Production

Enzymes in Action Green Solutions for Chemical Problems

Enzymes in Action Green Solutions for Chemical Problems Book
Author : Binne Zwanenburg,Marian Mikolajczyk,Piotr Kielbasinski
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401009244
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Enzymes in Action is a timely survey of a modern development in organic chemistry. It is clear that bioreagents demand that organic chemists think in a different way. If they do so, they will open up new avenues of exciting, new chemistry that will permit problems to be solved in an elegant way. The first section covers the concepts necessary to understand enzymes in molecular operations. The second section covers heteroatom enzyme chemistry, with considerable attention being given to the use of enzymes in the detoxification of chemical warfare agents and their application in environmental problems. The final section highlights the strategic use of enzymes in organic chemistry. It is clear that the term `green chemistry' is appropriate, since enzyme mediated processes occur under mild, environmentally benign conditions, and enzymes enable chemists to perform new chemical operations that would otherwise be difficult to achieve at all.

Structural Order in Polymers

Structural Order in Polymers Book
Author : Francesco Ciardelli,Paolo Giusti
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 1483279006
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Structural Order in Polymers presents the increasing importance of the relationships between order in the chemical constitution and in the steric structure of the macromolecules and physical and chemical properties of the polymers. This book discusses the simple types of steric order found in biopolymers. Organized into three parts encompassing 16 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the structural regularity as a primary requisite for the crystallization of a polymer. This text then examines the structure of cellulose, which is the most significant structural stereoregular polymer. Other chapters consider the major concepts of the stereoregulation of propylene catalytic polymerization. This book discusses as well the factors that determine microstructure and stereospecifity in polymerization. The final chapter deals with the significant role that membranes and membrane-related processes play in solving many ecological problems. This book is a valuable resource for chemical engineers, chemists, physicists, scientists, and research workers.