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Polymeric Supports For Enzyme Immobilization

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Polymeric Supports for Enzyme Immobilization

Polymeric Supports for Enzyme Immobilization Book
Author : Alka Dwevedi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-10
ISBN : 9780128192061
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years, the range of available enzyme immobilization approaches and support materials has grown significantly, while the cost, labor, and environmental impact have decreased, encouraging wider use across the life, industrial, and physical sciences. Here, Dr. Alka Dwevedi and her supporting contributors have provided a practical, application-based resource on optimal enzyme immobilization strategies for various enzymes, processes, and applications, with careful attention paid to polymeric supports and their ability to reduce reaction times. Polymeric Supports for Enzyme Immobilization: Opportunities and Applications offers in-depth discussions of known polymeric enzyme support materials, reaction processes, and optimized methods to enhance enzyme immobilization. Case-based chapters examine uses across the fields of medicine; environmental science; industrial science; clean energy; and even space exploration. Prominently featured are discussions of immobilized enzymes in drug delivery systems; development of ELISA (enzyme linked immunosorbent assays); antibiotics production; biosensor production; planetary exploration; and treatment for lactose intolerance; diabetes; and arthritis among other disorders. Throughout, emphasis is placed on future opportunities and next steps in each area of research application.

Immobilization of Enzymes and Cells

Immobilization of Enzymes and Cells Book
Author : Jose M. Guisan
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006
ISBN : 1597450537
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The continuing rapid progress in work designed to improve the functional properties of enzymes and cells as industrial catalysts has led to this revised, updated, and expanded new edition of the warmly received initial edition of Immobilization of Enzymes and Cells. This long-awaited second edition contains new and simplified protocols useful for industrial applications, novel techniques that will prove useful now or in the near future, and protocols for the preparation of immobilized derivatives suitable for a wide variety of nonconventional reaction media. The authors also offer tools for the development of new immobilization techniques, methods for preparing immobilized derivatives for therapeutic and industrial use, and new chemical reactors designed to overcome the limitations of immobilized derivatives. The emphasis is on improving enzyme and cell properties via very simple immobilization protocols, along with the development of new and better methods. The protocols follow the successful Methods in Biotechnology series format, each offering step-by-step laboratory instructions, an introduction outlining the principles behind the technique, lists of the necessary equipment and reagents, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Innovative and highly practical, Immobilization of Enzymes and Cells, Second Edition, affords biochemists, biotechnologists, and biochemical engineers a practical review of all the latest methods and tools-as well as optimized conventional techniques-needed to carry out successful research involving immobilizing enzymes and cells.

Functionalized Polymeric Materials in Agriculture and the Food Industry

Functionalized Polymeric Materials in Agriculture and the Food Industry Book
Author : Ahmed Akelah
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-07-03
ISBN : 1461470617
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The purpose of this book will be to demonstrate 1) the newly developed method of using reactive functionalized materials in agriculture to solve the economic and public health problems associated with using conventional agrochemicals; and 2) new technology aimed at achieving the greening of chemistry to meet appropriate environmental standards in both agriculture and industrial foodstuffs production. More specifically, the book will accomplish this goal by addressing 3 key issues in the field: 1) the production of reactive functionalized materials with enhanced properties that offer a major opportunity to overcome the disadvantages of using traditional materials; 2) the applications of functionalized materials in agriculture for the purpose of solving the economic and the environmental pollution problems associated with the uses of conventional agrochemicals; and 3) the contribution of polymers in solving problems associated with conventional procedures of food growth and processing, including those used in the dairy industry, sugar and fruit juices, beer and wine production, nutritive and nonnutritive food additives, and in food protection.

Concise Polymeric Materials Encyclopedia

Concise Polymeric Materials Encyclopedia Book
Author : Joseph C. Salamone
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1998-08-28
ISBN : 9780849322266
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Concise Polymeric Materials Encyclopedia culls the most used, widely applicable articles from the Polymeric Materials Encyclopedia - more than 1,100 - and presents them to you in a condensed, well-ordered format. Featuring contributions from more than 1,800 scientists from all over the world, the book discusses a vast array of subjects related to the: synthesis, properties, and applications of polymeric materials development of modern catalysts in preparing new or modified polymers modification of existing polymers by chemical and physical processes biologically oriented polymers This comprehensive, easy-to-use resource on modern polymeric materials serves as an invaluable addition to reference collections in the polymer field.

Principles of Polymerization

Principles of Polymerization Book
Author : George Odian
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2004-02-09
ISBN : 0471274003
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The new edition of a classic text and reference The large chains of molecules known as polymers are currently used in everything from "wash and wear" clothing to rubber tires to protective enamels and paints. Yet the practical applications of polymers are only increasing; innovations in polymer chemistry constantly bring both improved and entirely new uses for polymers onto the technological playing field. Principles of Polymerization, Fourth Edition presents the classic text on polymer synthesis, fully updated to reflect today's state of the art. New and expanded coverage in the Fourth Edition includes: * Metallocene and post-metallocene polymerization catalysts * Living polymerizations (radical, cationic, anionic) * Dendrimer, hyperbranched, brush, and other polymer architectures and assemblies * Graft and block copolymers * High-temperature polymers * Inorganic and organometallic polymers * Conducting polymers * Ring-opening polymer ization * In vivo and in vitro polymerization Appropriate for both novice and advanced students as well as professionals, this comprehensive yet accessible resource enables the reader to achieve an advanced, up-to-date understanding of polymer synthesis. Different methods of polymerization, reaction parameters for synthesis, molecular weight, branching and crosslinking, and the chemical and physical structure of polymers all receive ample coverage. A thorough discussion at the elementary level prefaces each topic, with a more advanced treatment following. Yet the language throughout remains straightforward and geared towards the student. Extensively updated, Principles of Polymerization, Fourth Edition provides an excellent textbook for today's students of polymer chemistry, chemical engineering, and materials science, as well as a current reference for the researcher or other practitioner working in these areas.

Immobilized Enzyme Principles

Immobilized Enzyme Principles Book
Author : Lemuel B. Wingard,Ephraim Katchalski-Katzir,Leon Goldstein
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-06-28
ISBN : 1483215849
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Applied Biochemistry and Bioengineering, Volume 1: Immobilized Enzyme Principles focuses on the utilization of immobilization techniques for the study and application of enzyme catalysts in a variety of potential end-uses. This book emphasizes the preparation of enzyme-support systems, effects caused by the concurrent phenomena of enzyme-catalyzed reaction kinetics and mass transfer resistances, and how these reactions are incorporated into the design of enzyme-catalyzed reactor systems. The magnitude of the perturbation of the apparent kinetic parameters of an immobilized enzyme that could serve in principle as a measure of the effective concentrations of substrate, modifier, or inhibitor at the site of the enzymic reaction is also explained. This volume is recommended for biological scientists and engineers, as well as researchers interested in the biochemical common denominator that causes the interaction of engineering practice and biological sciences for technological development.

Biocatalysis in Polymer Chemistry

Biocatalysis in Polymer Chemistry Book
Author : Katja Loos
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-07-18
ISBN : 3527632557
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Searching for green and environmentally friendly polymerization methods by using enzymes? This first handbook on this hot and essential topic contains the whole chain of knowledge of biocatalysis in polymer chemistry in both a comprehensive and compact form. International leading experts cover all important aspects, from enzymatic monomer synthesis to polymer modification and degradation. While the major focus of the book is on enzymatic polymerizations of the polymer classes reported so far, industrial contributions are also included, making this invaluable reading for biochemists and polymer chemists working in academia and industry.

Biomass Biofuels Biochemicals

Biomass  Biofuels  Biochemicals Book
Author : Ram Sarup Singh,Reeta Rani Singhania,Ashok Pandey,Christian Larroche
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-01-31
ISBN : 0444641157
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomass, Biofuels and Biochemicals: Advances in Enzyme Technology provides state-of-the-art information on the fundamental aspects and current perspectives in enzyme technology to graduate students, postgraduates and researchers working in industry and academia. The book provides information about the use of enzyme technology as an important tool for biotechnological processes, including food, feed, fuels, textiles, paper, energy and environmental applications. The search for improvements in existing enzyme-catalyzed processes dictates the need to update information on various enzyme technologies. The book gives a snapshot of current practice and research in the area of enzyme technology. Includes current and emerging technologies for the development of novel enzyme catalysis Outlines immobilized enzymes and their implications Refers to enzymes as diagnostic tools Includes metabolic engineering principles for improving industrial enzymes

Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Catalysis

Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Catalysis Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : VSP
Release : 1986-06
ISBN : 9789067640732
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Proceedings contains plenary lectures and selected poster communications spanning the entire field of catalysis --- from catalysis by protons to catalysis by multinuclear clusters and ultra-disperse particles. It includes discussion of the recent results of fundamental research conducted at the juncture between homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis. New ideas, based on modern physical and quantum-chemical methods, and concerning the mechanism of formation and functioning of active sites of catalysts are suggested. It is shown how the cyclic change of atomic distribution in the active site occurs during catalytic transformations. In addition, the Proceedings report new data on methods of ''assembling'' molecularly organized catalytic systems and on the mechanisms of their action. The various problems such as the effect of strong metal--support interaction, migration of atoms in active sites, and design of catalytic properties of substances are also widely discussed. Similarities and differences in mechanisms of action of homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts are considered, using as examples CO hydrogenation, hydrogenolysis of saturated hydrocarbons, selective hydrogenation and oxidation of olefins, metathesis and polymerization of olefins, hydrosilylation and hydroformylation of olefins, etc.

Polymers as Aids in Organic Chemistry

Polymers as Aids in Organic Chemistry Book
Author : N.K Mather
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0323141196
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymers as Aids in Organic Chemistry covers the broad classifications and application of polymers in organic chemistry. This book is organized into 15 chapters that focus on the transformation of polymers and their role in other reagents that must be easily separated from their final product. After a brief introduction to polymer chemistry, the book presents a tabulation of the various types of polymers that have been used and the methods for their characterization. It then discusses the use of polymers as supports in peptide, oligonucleotide, and oligosaccharide chemistry; in peptide sequencing; in monofunctionalized difunctional compounds preparation, as aids in asymmetric syntheses; and as trapping agents in the determination of reaction intermediates. The subsequent chapters describe the use of polymers as catalysts, with particular emphasis on transition metals immobilized in the polymer matrix and used as catalysts. The concluding chapters examine polymer-immobilized compounds, enzymes, and whole cells that have been used to carry out a large number of reaction, most of which impinge on the area of organic chemistry. Polymer scientists and researchers and organic chemists will find this book invaluable.

Catalysis by Polymer Immobilized Metal Complexes

Catalysis by Polymer Immobilized Metal Complexes Book
Author : Anatoly D. Pomogailo
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1999-01-27
ISBN : 9789056991302
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Deals with a new and promising field developed during the last two decades on the boundary between homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis. This book presents general information on catalysis for a wide range of organic reactions, e.g., hydrogenation and oxidation reactions, and polymerization transformations. Special attention is paid to electro- and photochemical stimulation of catalytic processes in the presence of immobilized metal complexes. Other topics covered are the quantitative data on the comparison of catalyses by mobile and immobilized metal complexes; main factors affecting the activity of these catalytic systems and methods of optimizing their control; and specific problems of catalysis by fixed complexes (e.g., ligand exchange and electron transfer in metal polymer systems, macromolecular effects and polyfunctional catalysis).

Industrial Enzymes

Industrial Enzymes Book
Author : Jeanne Colbert Johnson
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 1977
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Principles and Practice of Heterogeneous Catalysis

Principles and Practice of Heterogeneous Catalysis Book
Author : John Meurig Thomas,W. John Thomas
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-11-19
ISBN : 352768378X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This long-awaited second edition of the successful introduction to the fundamentals of heterogeneous catalysis is now completely revised and updated. Written by internationally acclaimed experts, this textbook includes fundamentals of adsorption, characterizing catalysts and their surfaces, the significance of pore structure and surface area, solid-state and surface chemistry, poisoning, promotion, deactivation and selectivity of catalysts, as well as catalytic process engineering. A final section provides a number of examples and case histories. With its color and numerous graphics plus references to help readers to easily find further reading, this is a pivotal work for an understanding of the principles involved.

Biocatalysis

Biocatalysis Book
Author : D.A. Abramowicz
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-09
ISBN : 9401091242
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The action of enzymes fascinated mankind long before they were rec ognized for the complex chemicals that they are. The first application of these remarkable compounds to produce ethanol by fermentation is lost to antiquity. Payer and Persoz (Ann. Chim. Phys. , 53, 73 (1833ii)) appear to have provided the first step toward understanding this com plex area when they reported the isolation of diastase in 1833. These workers showed that diastase could catalyze the hydrolysis of starches to sugars. Somewhat earlier Kirchhoff (Schwigger's Journal, 4, 108 (1812)) had shown that a small amount of dilute acid could hydrolyze a seemingly endless amount of starch to sugars. The genius of Berzelius recognized the commonality of these two observations in connection with a few other isolated observations and in 1834 coined the term catalysis to describe such actions. Professor Leibig was one of the giants of the chemical world in 1840. In addition to his own work, Liebig was training the world's next generation of chemists in his laboratory in Giessen. This cadre of chemists were very impressed by the master teacher so that is it only natural that Liebig's views should dominate with this next generation of chemists. Leibig was, in the 1830s and 1840s, developing his mastery of agricultural chemistry. The mechanism of putrefication was of great concern to Leibig, and he turned to the newly defined area of catalysis for an explanation.

Enzyme Engineering XI

Enzyme Engineering XI Book
Author : Douglas S. Clark,David A. Estell,Engineering Foundation (U.S.)
Publisher :
Release : 1992
ISBN : 9780897667630
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume is the result of the proceedings of a conference sponsored by the Engineering Foundation. The papers cover such topics as enzyme structure and function, improved biocatalysts through genetic engineering, enzyme stability and stabilization, and enzymes under unusual conditions.

Solid Phase Organic Synthesis

Solid Phase Organic Synthesis Book
Author : Patrick H. Toy,Yulin Lam
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-01-10
ISBN : 1118141636
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presents both the fundamental concepts and the most recent applications in solid-phase organic synthesis With its emphasis on basic concepts, Solid-Phase Organic Synthesis guides readers through all the steps needed to design and perform successful solid-phase organic syntheses. The authors focus on the fundamentals of heterogeneous supports in the synthesis of organic molecules, explaining the use of a solid material to facilitate organic synthesis. This comprehensive text not only presents the fundamentals, but also reviews the most recent research findings and applications, offering readers everything needed to conduct their own state-of-the-art science experiments. Featuring chapters written by leading researchers in the field, Solid-Phase Organic Synthesis is divided into two parts: Part One, Concepts and Strategies, discusses the linker groups used to attach the synthesis substrate to the solid support, colorimetric tests to identify the presence of functional groups, combinatorial synthesis, and diversity-oriented synthesis. Readers will discover how solid-phase synthesis is currently used to facilitate the discovery of new molecular functionality. The final chapter discusses how using a support can change or increase reaction selectivity. Part Two, Applications, presents examples of the solid-phase synthesis of various classes of organic molecules. Chapters explore general asymmetric synthesis on a support, strategies for heterocyclic synthesis, and synthesis of radioactive organic molecules, dyes, dendrimers, and oligosaccharides. Each chapter ends with a set of conclusions that underscore the key concepts and methods. References in each chapter enable readers to investigate any topic in greater depth. With its presentation of basic concepts as well as recent findings and applications, Solid-Phase Organic Synthesis is the ideal starting point for students and researchers in organic, medicinal, and combinatorial chemistry who want to take full advantage of current solid-phase synthesis techniques.

Biotechnological Applications of Proteins and Enzymes

Biotechnological Applications of Proteins and Enzymes Book
Author : Zvi Bohak,Nathan Sharon
Publisher :
Release : 1977
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The position of applied research in nonindustrial laboratories; Production of enzymes; Selection of bacteria as sources of enzymes; Industrial approach to enzyme production; The microbial production of enzymes; Production of enzymes and proteins in tissue culture; Exploitation of soluble and insolubilized enzymes; Industrial application of imobilized enzymes: present state of the art; A comparison of cells and enzymes as industrial catalysts;"Togetherness" through immobilization; Chemically modified polymers containing isocyanide functional groups as supports for enzyme immobilization; Effectiveness of enzyme-membrane filtration reactores; Exploitation of multienzyme systems for synthesis; Biotransformation of steroid hormones and antibiotics; Medical applications of proteins and enzymes; Zinc biochemistry: a perspective on the role of the metal in normaland abnormal growth processes; Novel application for antibodies; Applications of immobilized enzymes in analysis; Some economic, enzymological, and practical problems in the technological and analytical application of immobilized enzymes; Some medical applications of immobilized proteins and enzymes; Proteins as food; Interaction of food proteins with water and with lipids, and some effects of these interactions on functional properties; Muscle and connective tissue proteins as food.