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Polymer Foams Handbook

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Polymer Foams Handbook

Polymer Foams Handbook Book
Author : Nigel J. Mills
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9780750680691
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

From crash helmets to packaging, this is the complete guide to understanding, selecting, processing and working with polymer foams.

Handbook of Polymer Foams

Handbook of Polymer Foams Book
Author : David Eaves
Publisher : iSmithers Rapra Publishing
Release : 2004-01-01
ISBN : 1859573886
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Handbook reviews the chemistry, manufacturing methods, properties and applications of the synthetic polymer foams used in most applications. In addition, a chapter is included on the fundamental principles, which apply to all polymer foams. There is also a chapter on the blowing agents used to expand polymers and a chapter is on microcellular foams - a relatively new development where applications are still being explored.

Handbook of Polymer Foams

Handbook of Polymer Foams Book
Author : David Eaves
Publisher : Rapra Technology
Release : 2004-01-01
ISBN : 9781847350541
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The use of polymer foams is extremely widespread. Indeed, it is hard to think of any industries where polymer foams do not have a part to play. They can be found for example in sports and leisure products, in military applications, in vehicles, in aircraft, and in the home. Most people will encounter polymer foams every day in one form or another, whether it be in furniture, in packaging, in their car, in refrigerator insulation, or in some other common application. Although naturally occurring polymer foams have been known for a long time, (e.g., sponges, cork), synthetic polymer foams have only been introduced to the market over the last fifty years or so. The development of a new polymer has usually been quickly followed by its production in an expanded or foam form owing to the unique and useful properties, which can be realised in the expanded state. This handbook reviews the chemistry, manufacturing methods, properties and applications of the synthetic polymer foams used in most applications. In addition, a chapter is included on the fundamental principles, which apply to all polymer foams. There is also a chapter on the blowing agents used to expand polymers, blowing agents having undergone considerable change and development in recent years in order to meet the requirements of the Montreal Protocol in relation to the reduction and elimination of chloroflurocarbons (CFC) and other ozone depleting agents. A chapter is also included on microcellular foams - a relatively new development where applications are still being explored. Most chapters have references to facilitate further exploration of the topics. The chapters are all written by experts in the field. This book will be of interest to those just embarking upon an exploration of the subject of foams, whether in industry or academia. But this will be equally useful to those already working in the field, who need to know about different types of foam.

Polymer Foams Handbook

Polymer Foams Handbook Book
Author : Nigel J. Mills
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Polymer Foams Handbook book written by Nigel J. Mills, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Handbook of Plastic Foams

Handbook of Plastic Foams Book
Author : Arthur H. Landrock
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1995-12-31
ISBN : 0815517653
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is intended to be a source of practical information on all types of plastic foams (cellular plastics) in use, including the new structural plastic foams. Elastomer (rubber-like) foams are also considered. The book is intended primarily for those who require a non-theoretical, authoritative, easy-to-use handbook in the subject area. It should be of value to materials engineers, plastics fabricators, chemists, chemical engineers and students. Recognized authorities have written several chapters and parts of chapters in their fields of expertise. The book is organized in such a way that information on a desired subject can be found rapidly. An unusual feature is a comprehensive listing of all known standardization documents (test methods, practices, and specifications), including some international standards. Each document includes a brief description of its contents.

Polymeric Foams

Polymeric Foams Book
Author : Shau-Tarng Lee,N. S. Ramesh
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2004-05-27
ISBN : 9780203506141
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is the inaugural volume a series entitled Polymeric Foams: Technology and Applications. Generally, thermoplastic and thermoset foams have been treated as two separate practices in industry. Polymeric Foams: Mechanisms and Materials presents the basics of foaming in general build a strong foundation to those working in both thermoplastic and thermoset foams. The book addresses scientific principles behind polymeric foaming and presents foaming chemistry and physics, resin and blowing agents, and foaming mechanisms in separate chapters, thus providing an overall and fundamental understanding of foaming for polymeric foam products and processes.

Integral Structural Polymer Foams

Integral Structural Polymer Foams Book
Author : Fyodor A. Shutov
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2013-01-02
ISBN : 9783662024881
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Integral, or structural, foams are one of the most remarkable materials that have been developed over the last fifteen years. As with all rapidly growing fields, the terminology seems to have grown even faster. Thus there are two names for the material structure itself. In the United States and in Japan the term for these plastics is Structural Foams, whereas in Europe and the USSR the term used is usually Integral Foams. We have adhered to the European term in the text and hope our colleagues will bear with us. Integral foams have a specific structure: a cellular core that gradually turns into a solid skin. The skin gives the part its form and stiffness, while the cellular core contributes to the very high strength-to-weight values of the material. These are higher than those of some unfoamed plastics and metals. The sandwich-like structure with its unique mechanical properties was prompted by nature. Wood and bone are strong and light-weight natural materials having a cellular structure. Since the sandwich-like structure of the integral foams resembles that of natural wood, the foams are often referred to as artifical wood or plastic wood, thereby emphasizing not only the formal structural similarity of these materials, but also one of the main functional applications of integral foams - replacement of wooden articles in various fields of engineering and construction.

Polymer Foams Handbook

Polymer Foams Handbook Book
Author : Nigel Mills
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2007-03-23
ISBN : 9780080475448
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This handbook explores the applications of polymer foams, and the properties that make them suitable for so many applications, in the detail required by postgraduate students, researchers and the many industrial engineers and designers who work with polymer foam in industry. It covers the mechanical properties of foams and foam microstructure, processing of foams, mechanical testing and analysis (using Finite element analysis). In addition, it uniquely offers a broader perspective on the actual engineering of foams and foam based (or foam including) products by including nine detailed case studies which firmly plant the theory of the book in a real world context, making it ideal for both polymer engineers and chemists and mechanical engineers and product designers. * Complete coverage of the mechanical and design aspects of polymer foams from an acknowledged international expert: no other book is available with this breadth making this a plastics engineer's first choice for a single volume Handbook * Polymer foams are ubiquitous in modern life, used everywhere from running shoes to furniture, and this book includes nine extensive case studies covering each key class of application, including biomechanics * Offers a rigorous mechanical and microstructure perspective, plus a computer based chapter: Essential for engineers and designers alike.

Handbook of Polymeric Foams and Foam Technology

Handbook of Polymeric Foams and Foam Technology Book
Author : Daniel Klempner,Kurt Charles Frisch
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1991
ISBN : 9780195209297
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This important new handbook draws on the experience of leading industrial and academic specialists to describe virtually every type of polymer foam. The book is the intended to help scientists, engineers and technicians in their efforts to develop practical solutions for industrial design and process manufacturing challenges. It fully describes all classes of polymeric foam including their chemistry, synthesis, commercial production methods, properties and applications. Fundamentals of foam formation are also carefully explained. The internationally known contributors present data and techniques relevant to the study of polymer composites and other materials, along with manufacturing techniques for foamed and porous plastics. Amply illustrated, carefully indexed, and organized by incremental headings for easy reference, the handbook is the first comprehensive reference on the subject, offering a huge store of information in one convenient resource.

Plastics

Plastics Book
Author : Mike Jenkins,Nigel Mills
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2005-10-15
ISBN : 0080497748
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Now in its Third Edition, Plastics is the key text for senior students studying the science and engineering of plastic materials. Starting from microstructure and physical properties, the book covers the mechanical, chemical and electrical properties of plastic materials, and also deals in detail with wider plastics issues that today’s engineers and materials scientists need such as manufacturing processes and the design of plastic products. The new edition has been updated to reflect changes in polymer technology and the plastics industry, and the increased knowledge of the mechanical properties of plastics. A new first chapter introduces plastics properties through practical exercises, to help students to see the relevance of more academic chapters. Computer modeling has revealed the mechanics of many types of composites, so the emphasis of chapter 4 has shifted to modeling. Applications, product design and process technology have moved on; consequently the case studies in chapter 14 were updated. A new chapter 15 introduces sport and biomaterials case studies, since increasing numbers of students are enrolled on courses with these emphases. The material has been thoroughly updated, and the principles of polymer structure-property relationships set out more clearly. Meets latest undergraduate needs for studying polymer properties Expended coverage of materials selection and shape selection New teaching case studies plus new material on plastics for use in sport applications and biomaterials Examination questions to accompany each chapter

Polyurethane and Related Foams

Polyurethane and Related Foams Book
Author : Kaneyoshi Ashida
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2006-09-22
ISBN : 0203505999
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polyurethane and Related Foams: Chemistry and Technology is an in-depth examination of the current preparation, processing, and applications of polyurethanes (PURs) and other polymer foams. Drawing attention to novel raw materials, alternative blowing agents, and new processing methods, the book accentuates recent innovations that meet increasingly stringent environmental and fire safety regulations as well as higher quality products. Written by Dr. Kaneyoshi Ashida, a renowned pioneer of polyisocyanurate (PIR) foams, the book details the fundamental chemistry and material properties for each category of foams. The author presents mechanisms for chemical modification and foaming reactions, emphasizing the relationship between molecular design and enhanced physical properties. The latter half of the book focuses on polyurethane foams, the largest segment of the polyisocyanate-based foam industry. It contains a fully updated description of the chemistry, raw materials, manufacturing, formulations, analyses, and testing involved in producing a wide variety of progressive applications, including building materials. This book chronicles the scientific and technological evolution of preparation and processing methods for polyisocyanate-based foams. Polyurethane and Related Foams: Chemistry and Technology offers a clear and concise guide to the technologies, methods, and best practices that help the foam industry meet higher quality, health, and environmental standards.

Plastics

Plastics Book
Author : Nigel Mills,Mike Jenkins,Stephen Kukureka
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2020-02-16
ISBN : 0081025009
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plastics: Microstructure and Applications is a key text for senior students studying the science and engineering of plastics materials (or polymers) and will serve as a valuable introduction to the fundamentals of polymer properties for those new to the field. Starting from microstructure and physical properties, the book covers the mechanical, chemical, transport and electrical properties of plastics materials and also deals in detail with wider issues that today’s engineers and materials scientists need, such as manufacturing processes and the design of plastics products. A thorough revision of the book for this 4th edition reflects advances in the field by including more detailed discussion of characterization techniques, crystallization and molecular structure, thermoplastic composites, 3D printing and electrical properties of plastics. The chapter on materials and shape selection covers sustainability, life cycle analysis and waste disposal considerations for plastics materials. Provides introductory information for students of plastics technology, materials science and engineering, mechanical engineering and other fields. A useful introduction to the fundamentals of plastics for academic and industrial researchers from other fields. Includes substantial new coverage of microstructure and morphology of polymers; electrical properties of plastics; modern additive manufacturing and consideration of sustainability and life cycle analysis of plastic materials.

Polymeric Foams Structure Property Performance

Polymeric Foams Structure Property Performance Book
Author : Bernard Obi
Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
Release : 2015-07-05
ISBN : 9781455777556
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymeric Foams Structure-Property-Performance is a response to the design challenges faced by engineers in a growing market with evolving standards, new regulations and with an ever increasing variety of application types for polymeric foam. Bernard Obi, an author with a wide experience in testing, characterizing and applying polymer foams, approaches this emerging complexity with a practical design methodology focusing on the understanding of the relationship between structure-properties of polymeric foams and their performance attributes. The book introduces the fundamentals of polymer and foam science and engineering but also goes into more depth to cover foam processing, properties, and uses for a variety of applications. By connecting the diverse technologies of polymer science to those from foam science, and by linking both micro and macro-structure-property relationships to key performance attributes the book gives engineers the information required to solve the pressing design problems involving the use of polymeric foams and to optimize the foam performance. With a focus on applications in the automotive and transportation industries, and uses of foams in structural composites for light weighting applications, the author provides numerous case studies and design examples of real life industrial problems from various industries and their solutions. Provides the science and engineering fundamentals relevant for solving polymer foam application problems Offers a exceptionally practical methodology to tackle the increasing complexity of real-world design challenges faced by engineers working with foams. Discusses numerous case studies and design examples - with a focus on automotive and transportatio

Polymeric Foams Structure Property Performance

Polymeric Foams Structure Property Performance Book
Author : Bernard Obi
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2017-12-14
ISBN : 1455777560
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymeric Foams Structure–Property–Performance: A Design Guide is a response to the design challenges faced by engineers in a growing market with evolving standards, new regulations, and an ever-increasing variety of application types for polymeric foam. Bernard Obi, an author with wide experience in testing, characterizing, and applying polymer foams, approaches this emerging complexity with a practical design methodology that focuses on understanding the relationship between structure–properties of polymeric foams and their performance attributes. The book not only introduces the fundamentals of polymer and foam science and engineering, but also goes more in-depth, covering foam processing, properties, and uses for a variety of applications. By connecting the diverse technologies of polymer science to those from foam science, and by linking both micro- and macrostructure–property relationships to key performance attributes, the book gives engineers the information required to solve pressing design problems involving the use of polymeric foams and to optimize foam performance. With a focus on applications in the automotive and transportation industries, as well as uses of foams in structural composites for lightweight applications, the author provides numerous case studies and design examples of real-life industrial problems from various industries and their solutions. Provides the science and engineering fundamentals relevant for solving polymer foam application problems Offers an exceptionally practical methodology to tackle the increasing complexity of real-world design challenges faced by engineers working with foams Discusses numerous case studies and design examples, with a focus on automotive and transportation Utilizes a practical design methodology focused on understanding the relationship between structure-properties of polymeric foams and their performance attributes

Polymeric Foams

Polymeric Foams Book
Author : José Ignacio Velasco,Marcelo Antunes
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-11-18
ISBN : 3039216325
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in nanotechnology have boosted the development of more efficient materials, with emerging sectors (electronics, energy, aerospace, etc.) demanding novel materials to fulfill the complex technical requirements of their products. This is the case of polymeric foams, which may display good structural properties alongside functional characteristics through a complex composition and (micro)structure in which a gas phase is combined with rigid ones, mainly based on nanoparticles, dispersed throughout the polymer matrix. In recent years, there has been an important impulse in the development of nanocomposite foams, extending the concept of nanocomposites to the field of cellular materials. This, alongside developments in new advanced foaming technologies which have allowed the generation of foams with micro, sub-micro, and even nanocellular structures, has extended the applications of more traditional foams in terms of weight reduction, damping, and thermal and/or acoustic insulation to novel possibilities, such as electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding. This Special Issue, which consists of a total of 22 articles, including one review article written by research groups of experts in the field, considers recent research on novel polymer-based foams in all their aspects: design, composition, processing and fabrication, microstructure, characterization and analysis, applications and service behavior, recycling and reuse, etc.

Polymeric Foams

Polymeric Foams Book
Author : Shau-Tarng Lee
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-11-03
ISBN : 1498738893
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymeric foams are sturdy yet lightweight materials with applications across a variety of industries, from packaging to aerospace. As demand for these materials increase, so does innovation in the development of new processes and products. This book captures the most dynamic advances in processes, technologies, and products related to the polymeric foam market. It describes the latest business trends including new microcellular commercialization, sustainable foam products, and nanofoams. It also discusses novel processes, new and environmentally friendly blowing agents, and the development and usage of various types of foams, including bead and polycarbonate, polypropylene, polyetherimide microcellular, and nanocellular. The book also covers flame-retardant foams, rigid foam composites, and foam sandwich composites and details applications in structural engineering, electronics, and insulation. Authored by leading experts in the field, this book minimizes the gap between research and application in this important and growing area.

Handbook on Pet Film and Sheets Urethane Foams Flexible Foams Rigid Foams Speciality Plastics Stretch Blow Moulding Injection Blow Moulding Injection and Co Injection Preform Technologies

Handbook on Pet Film and Sheets  Urethane Foams  Flexible Foams  Rigid Foams  Speciality Plastics  Stretch Blow Moulding  Injection Blow Moulding  Injection and Co Injection Preform Technologies Book
Author : NIIR Board of Consultants & Engineers
Publisher : ASIA PACIFIC BUSINESS PRESS Inc.
Release : 2018-01-09
ISBN : 8178331772
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polyester or polyethylene terephthalate (PET) is an unreinforced, semi-crystalline thermo-plastic polyester derived from polyethylene terephthalate. Its excellent wear resistance, low coefficient of friction, high flexural modulus, and superior dimensional stability make it a versatile material for designing mechanical and electro-mechanical parts. PET is fully recyclable and can be easily reprocessed into many other products for many different applications. However, unlike paper and other cellulose products, PET does not readily decompose. However, biodegradable additives are available that enhance the biodegradation of this plastic without affecting the physical properties. Formation of a flexible polyurethane foam is an intricate process employing unique hardware, multiple ingredients and at least two simultaneous reactions. The urethane forming reaction occurs between the isocyanate and the polyol. Polyurethanes, also known as polycarbamates, belong to a larger class of compounds called polymers. Polyurethanes can be produced in four different forms including elastomers, coatings, flexible foams, and cross-linked foams. Elastomers are materials that can be stretched but will eventually return to their original shape. They are useful in applications that require strength, flexibility, abrasion resistance, and shock absorbing qualities. Thermoplastic polyurethane elastomers can be molded and shaped into different parts. This makes them useful as base materials for automobile parts, ski boots, roller skate wheels, cable jackets, and other mechanical goods. When these elastomers are spun into fibers they produce a flexible material called spandex. Spandex is used to make sock tops, bras, support hose, swimsuits, and other athletic apparel. Co-injection is the process of injecting two resins simultaneously through a single gate to form a multi-layer structure. Recently, there has been a re-emergence of interest in co-injection technology spurred on by the development of new resins, barrier systems, controls, and hardware technologies. Increasing demand of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) from food and beverage sector like in carbonated soft drinks packaging, increase demand for packaged food due to rise in consumption of frozen and processed food, rise in demand for electronics and automotive applications/industries and ecofriendly substitution are the most important driving factors in the polyethylene terephthalate market. Also, rapid urbanization, innovative packaging and high economic growth is contribution in increasing the demand for polyethylene terephthalate regardless of the geographical location. This book will be a mile stone for its readers who are new to this sector, will also find useful for professionals, entrepreneurs, those studying and researching in this important area. TAGS Production Process for Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET), Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Production and Manufacturing, PET Sheet Making, PET Packaging Film Production, Packaging Films Manufacture, Production of PET Film, Polyester Film Production, PET Film Manufacturing, PET Film Making Plant, PET Film Production, PET Sheet Production, Production of PET Sheet, Film/Sheet Production, PET Sheet Manufacturing Business, PET Sheet Manufacture, PET Sheet Making Unit, How Polyurethane is Made? Manufacturing of Urethane Foams, Manufacturing of Polyurethane Foams, Urethane Foam Manufacturing, Urethane Foam Production, Manufacturing of PU Foam, How to Make Polyurethane Flexible Foam, Making of Polyurethane Foams, Production of Polyurethane Foam, Polyurethane Foam Making Plant, Polyurethane Flexible Foam Production, PU Foam Manufacturing Process, Process for Making Polyurethane Foam, Production Plant of Polyurethane Foam, Flexible Polyurethane Foam Manufacturing Business, Polyurethane Foam Production Process, Flexible Polyurethane Foam Production, Flexible Polyurethane Foam Manufacture, Polyurethane Rigid Foam Manufacturing Process, Production of Rigid Polyurethane Foam, Rigid Polyurethane Foaming Process, Specialty Plastic Manufacturing, Speciality Plastics, Foams Manufacturing Plant, Specialty Packaging, Stretch Blow Molding, Stretch Blow Molding Machine, Stretch Blow Moulding Process, Stretch Blow Moulding for Plastic, Injection Blow Moulding, Extrusion Blow Moulding, Injection And Extrusion Blow Molding, Co-Injection Technology, PET Film Manufacturing Project Ideas, Projects on Small Scale Industries, Small Scale Industries Projects Ideas, PET Film Manufacturing Based Small Scale Industries Projects, Project Profile on Small Scale Industries, How to Start PET Sheet Manufacturing Industry in India, PET Film Manufacturing Projects, New Project Profile on PET Film Manufacturing Industries, Project Report on PET Film Manufacturing Industry, Detailed Project Report on PET Film Manufacturing, Project Report on PET Sheet Manufacturing, Pre-Investment Feasibility Study on PET Sheet Manufacturing, Techno-Economic Feasibility Study on PET Sheet Manufacturing, Feasibility Report on Polyurethane Rigid Foam Manufacturing, Free Project Profile on PET Sheet Manufacturing, Project Profile on Polyurethane Rigid Foam Manufacturing, Download Free Project Profile on Polyurethane Foam Production, Industrial Project Report on Polyurethane Foam Production

Blowing Agents and Foaming Processes 2003

Blowing Agents and Foaming Processes 2003 Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : iSmithers Rapra Publishing
Release : 2003
ISBN : 9781859573662
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Blowing Agents and Foaming Processes 2003 book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Szycher s Handbook of Polyurethanes First Edition

Szycher s Handbook of Polyurethanes  First Edition Book
Author : Michael Szycher, Ph.D
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1999-04-23
ISBN : 9780849306020
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Polyurethanes serves as the first source of information of useful polymers. This new book thoroughly covers the entire spectrum of polyurethanes - from current technology to buyer's information. Discussions include: block and heteroblock systems rubber plasticity structure-property relations microphase separation catalysis of isocyanate reactions synthesis of polyurethanes for thermoplastics, thermosets, and curable compositions by either heat or U.V. energy biomedical applications of urethane elastomers castables, sealants, and caulking compounds flexible and semi-flexible foams health and safety This handbook compiles data from many sources, exhaustively illustrating the complex principles involved in polyurethane chemistry and technology. Handbook of Polyurethanes represents invaluable information for corporations, universities, or independent inventors.

Handbook of Bioplastics and Biocomposites Engineering Applications

Handbook of Bioplastics and Biocomposites Engineering Applications Book
Author : Srikanth Pilla
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-09-15
ISBN : 1118177045
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In today’s world, bioplastics are becoming increasinglyprominent owing mainly to scarcity of oil, increase in the cost ofpetroleum-based commodities, and growing environmental concernswith the dumping of non-biodegradable plastics in landfills. Thisbook summarizes the field of bioplastics by illustrating how theyform a unique class of research area that integrates pure andapplied sciences such as chemistry, engineering and materialsscience, to initate solutions. Compelling science demystics thiscomplex and often ambiguous branch of study for benefit of allthose concerned with bioplastics.