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Polylactic Acid

Polylactic Acid Book
Author : Lee Tin Sin,Bee Soo Tueen
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2019-06-15
ISBN : 0128144734
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polylactic Acid: A Practical Guide for the Processing, Manufacturing, and Applications of PLA, Second Edition, provides a practical guide for engineers and scientists working in PLA and on the development of emerging new products. The current market situation for PLA and biodegradable polymers is described, along with applications across a range of market sectors. In addition, the mechanical, chemical, thermal, rheology and degradation properties are included. Updates include new chapters covering various processing methods, as well as recycling methods, and additives and processing aids. New applications cover a range of products (including 3D Printing), and an environmental assessment, including regulatory aspects. The book is not only a useful introduction to this topic, but also a practical, readily applicable reference book that will support decision-making in the plastics industry. Presents an essential reference for engineers, scientists and product designers considering switching to a sustainable plastic Covers the properties, synthesis and polymerization of PLA, along with processing techniques involved in fabricating parts from this polymer Includes critical new chapters on processing, additives, recycling and environmental considerations relating to PLA

Polylactic Acid Based Nanocellulose and Cellulose Composites

Polylactic Acid Based Nanocellulose and Cellulose Composites Book
Author : Jyotishkumar Parameswaranpillai,Suchart Siengchin,Nisa V. Salim,Jinu Jacob George,Aishwarya Poulose
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2022-04-21
ISBN : 1000577120
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polylactic Acid-Based Nanocellulose and Cellulose Composites offers a comprehensive account of the methods for the synthesis, characterization, processing, and applications of these advanced materials. This book fills a gap in the literature as the only currently available book on this topic. This book: Describes the procedures for the extraction of cellulose materials from different sources and characterization methods adopted for analyzing their properties Covers properties, processing, and applications of PLA biocomposites made using the extracted cellulose Discusses the effect of reinforcement of cellulose on the biopolymer matrix and the enhancement of biopolymer properties Examines current status, challenges, and future outlook in biocomposite research and applications The book serves as a reference for researchers, scientists, and advanced students in polymer science and engineering and materials science who are interested in cellulose polymer composites and their applications.

Polylactic Acid Production Cost Analysis PLA E11A

Polylactic Acid Production   Cost Analysis   PLA E11A Book
Author : Intratec
Publisher : Intratec
Release : 2019-09-17
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report presents a cost analysis of Polylactic Acid (PLA) production from lactic acid using a melt-phase polymerization process. The process examined is similar to a process developed by Natureworks, in which poly(lactic acid) is produced from a 88 wt% lactic acid solution in water via the ring opening polymerization chemical pathway. In this process lactic acid is first oligomerized and then depolymerized into lactide, a cyclic dimer of lactic acid, which is then polymerized to yield Poly(lactic acid). This report was developed based essentially on the following reference(s): (1) US Patent 8674056, issued to NatureWorks in 2014 (2) EP Patent 1247808, issued to Cargill in 2003 Keywords: Lactide, 2-Hydroxypropanoic Acid, Dow, Biodegradable Polymer

Polylactic Acid Production from Glucose Cost Analysis PLA E21A

Polylactic Acid Production from Glucose   Cost Analysis   PLA E21A Book
Author : Intratec
Publisher : Intratec
Release : 2019-09-17
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report presents a cost analysis of Polylactic Acid (PLA) production starting from glucose syrup. The first section of the examined processis similar to Cargill process for lactic acid production, while the second section is similar to the NatureWorks process for polymerization of lactic acid. In this process, a 70 wt% glucose-water syrup is used as raw material. Lactic Acid recovery from the fermentation broth is realized by trialkylamine solvent extraction in the presence of carbon dioxide. An 88 wt% Lactic Acid solution in water is generated and further polymerized to form Polylactic Acid. This report was developed based essentially on the following reference(s): (1) US Patent 6472559, issued to Cargill in 2002 (2) US Patent 8674056, issued to NatureWorks in 2014 (3) EP Patent 1247808, issued to Cargill in 2003 Keywords: Dextrose, 2-Hydroxypropanoic Acid, Anaerobic Fermentation, Trialkyl Amine, Sodium Carbonate, Lactide, 2-Hydroxypropanoic Acid, Dow, Biodegradable Polymer

Polylactic Acid Production from Corn Cost Analysis PLA E41A

Polylactic Acid Production from Corn   Cost Analysis   PLA E41A Book
Author : Intratec
Publisher : Intratec
Release : 2017-06-01
ISBN : 1641480521
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report presents a cost analysis of Polylactic Acid (PLA) production starting from corn The first section of the examined process is similar to Cargill process for lactic acid production, while the second section is similar to the NatureWorks process for polymerization of lactic acid. In this process, shelled corn is passed through a wet milling process to form corn starch, which, in turn, is hydrolyzed to dextrose, the feed for the fermentation process that generates lactic acid . Lactic Acid recovery from the fermentation broth is carried out via trialkylamine solvent extraction in the presence of carbon dioxide. A L-Lactic Acid solution in water is formed and further polymerized to form Polylactic Acid. The conversion of corn into dextrose forms some residues that are sold as by-product. This report was developed based essentially on the following reference(s): (1) US Patent 6472559, issued to Cargill in 2002 (2) US Patent 8674056, issued to NatureWorks in 2014 (3) EP Patent 1247808, issued to Cargill in 2003 Keywords: Corn, Corn Starch, 2-Hydroxypropanoic Acid, Anaerobic Fermentation, Trialkyl Amine, Sodium Carbonate, Lactide, 2-Hydroxypropanoic Acid, Dow, Biodegradable Polymer

Polylactic Acid Production from Raw Sugar Cost Analysis PLA E31B

Polylactic Acid Production from Raw Sugar   Cost Analysis   PLA E31B Book
Author : Intratec
Publisher : Intratec Solutions
Release : 2019-09-17
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report presents a cost analysis of Polylactic Acid (PLA) production starting from raw sugar. The first section of the examined processis similar to Cargill process for lactic acid production, while the second section is similar to the NatureWorks process for polymerization of lactic acid. In this process, raw sugar (sucrose) is diluted and sucrose is hydrolyzed into glucose and fructose (invert sugars). The invert sugars are then fermented to produce lactic acid. Lactic Acid recovery from the fermentation broth is done by trialkylamine solvent extraction in the presence of carbon dioxide. An 88 wt% Lactic Acid solution in water is generated and further polymerized to form Polylactic Acid. This report was developed based essentially on the following reference(s): (1) US Patent 6472559, issued to Cargill in 2002 (2) US Patent 8674056, issued to NatureWorks in 2014 (3) EP Patent 1247808, issued to Cargill in 2003 Keywords: Dextrose, 2-Hydroxypropanoic Acid, Anaerobic Fermentation, Trialkyl Amine, Sodium Carbonate, Lactide, 2-Hydroxypropanoic Acid, Dow, Biodegradable Polymer

Enzymatic Transformation

Enzymatic Transformation Book
Author : Soundar Divakar
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-18
ISBN : 8132208730
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Transformations using enzymes have been extensively investigated in the last two decades and the results promise great potential for this growing field, especially in the area of synthetic organic chemistry mainly due to of its many advantages. Accordingly, this book has attempted to bring out the advantages of using enzymes involving complex underivatized and unprotected substrates in non-polar media under homogenous and heterogeneous reaction conditions. Merits and demerits of using enzymes in terms of yields and selectivity/specificity are presented without any prejudice. Almost all the reactions dealt with are from the author’s laboratory comprising diverse substrates, and the catalysis involves two important hydrolyzing enzymes, extensively examined for the reverse reactions. Thus, esterification involving lipses and glycosylation involving glycosidases were investigated with respect to various strategies like optimization of reaction conditions, response surface methodology and kinetics, carrying out reactions under solvent, non-solvent and super critical carbon dioxide conditions. In short, the work presented is to ensure the comprehension of the problems faced by the researchers in this area so as to work out further efficient strategies for carrying out enzymatic transformations in the laboratory successfully with better yields and specificity.

Polylactic Acid for Surgical Implants

Polylactic Acid for Surgical Implants Book
Author : R. K. Kulkarni
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1960
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Polylactic Acid for Surgical Implants book written by R. K. Kulkarni, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Halogens Advances in Research and Application 2013 Edition

Halogens   Advances in Research and Application  2013 Edition Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
Release : 2013-05-01
ISBN : 1490100717
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Halogens—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ book that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Chlorine. The editors have built Halogens—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Chlorine in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Halogens—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Environmental Biotechnology Volume 4

Environmental Biotechnology Volume 4 Book
Author : K. M. Gothandam
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-06-29
ISBN : 3030777952
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Environmental Biotechnology Volume 4 book written by K. M. Gothandam, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Development of Polylactic Acid based Materials Through Reactive Modification

Development of Polylactic Acid based Materials Through Reactive Modification Book
Author : Alison Camille Fowlks
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Development of Polylactic Acid based Materials Through Reactive Modification book written by Alison Camille Fowlks, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Alkadienes Advances in Research and Application 2013 Edition

Alkadienes   Advances in Research and Application  2013 Edition Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
Release : 2013-06-21
ISBN : 1481696815
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Alkadienes—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyBrief™ that delivers timely, authoritative, comprehensive, and specialized information about ZZZAdditional Research in a concise format. The editors have built Alkadienes—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about ZZZAdditional Research in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Alkadienes—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Anhydrides Advances in Research and Application 2013 Edition

Anhydrides   Advances in Research and Application  2013 Edition Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
Release : 2013-06-21
ISBN : 1481672746
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Anhydrides—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ book that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Maleic Anhydrides. The editors have built Anhydrides—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Maleic Anhydrides in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Anhydrides—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Development of Polylactic Acid PLA Based Blends and Their Nanocomposites for Packaging Applications

Development of Polylactic Acid  PLA  Based Blends and Their Nanocomposites for Packaging Applications Book
Author : Mariappan Chidambarakumar
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Development of Polylactic Acid PLA Based Blends and Their Nanocomposites for Packaging Applications book written by Mariappan Chidambarakumar, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Nanoscience in Food and Agriculture 1

Nanoscience in Food and Agriculture 1 Book
Author : Shivendu Ranjan,Nandita Dasgupta,Eric Lichtfouse
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-08-18
ISBN : 3319393030
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanotechnology is a fast-evolving discipline that already produces outstanding basic knowledge and industrial applications for the benefit of society. Whereas the first applications of nanotechnology have been developed mainly in material sciences, applications in the agriculture and food sectors are still emerging. Due to a rapid population growth there is a need to produce food and beverages in a more efficient, safe and sustainable way. Here, nanotechnology is a promising way to improve crop production, water quality, nutrition, packaging, and food security. There are actually few comprehensive reviews and clear textbooks on nanotechnology in agriculture, water, and food. In this book there are 10 chapters describing the synthesis and application of nanomaterials for health, food, and agriculture are presented. Nanomaterials with unique properties will dramatically improve agriculture and food production. Applications will include nanofertilisers to enhance plant growth and nanosensors to detect food contamination. An overall view of nanotechnology applications in agriculture, food, water, and environment are described in the first two chapters by Dasgupta et al. and Singh. Health and environmental applications of nanotechnology are presented in chapters 3-5. Shukla and Iravani review green methods to synthesize metal nanoparticles, and give applications to water purification, in chapter 3. The removal of up to 95% of contaminants by nanoparticles, nanotubes and nanostructured membranes is described by Naghdi et al. in chapter 4. Yoti et al. then review nanosensors for the detection of pathogenic bacteria in chapter 5. Those nanosensors can be used as biodiagnostics to control food and water quality. Food applications of nanoscience are presented in chapters 6 and 7 by Kuswandi and Sarkhar et al. Kuswandi explain in chapter 6 that nanomaterials can improve packaging quality and that nanosensors can detect freshness and contanimants. The use of nanoparticles to protect ingredients such as vitamins, flavours, and antimicrobials is reviewed by Sarkhar et al. in chapter 7.

Materials Processing Technology II

Materials Processing Technology II Book
Author : Lian Cheng Zhao,Hao Wei Wang,Chang Fa Xiao
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2012-06-14
ISBN : 3038138614
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This work comprises papers selected from the 2nd International Conference on Advanced Engineering Materials and Technology (AEMT 2012) which was held on the 15th to 17th June 2012 in Zhuhai, China. The peer-reviewed papers are grouped into sixteen chapters: Thin Films; Surface Engineering/Coatings; Modeling, Analysis and Simulation; Materials Forming; Materials Machining; Welding and Joining; Mechanical Behavior and Fracture; Computer Aided Material Design; Laser Processing Technology; Theory and Application of Friction and Wear; Dynamic Mechanical Analysis, Optimization and Control; Thermal Engineering Theory and Applications; Precision Manufacturing Technology and Measurements; Material Physics and Chemistry; Dynamic Analysis of Processing; Advanced Design Technology.

Polylactic Acid

Polylactic Acid Book
Author : Lee Tin Sin,Abdul Razak Rahmat,Wan A. W. A. Rahman
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2012
ISBN : 1437744591
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Annotation An essential reference for engineers, scientists and product designers that already work with polymers and plastics who wish to convert to a sustainable plastic. It covers the properties, synthesis and polymerisation of PLA and processing techniques involved in fabricating parts from this polymer.

Key Engineering Materials VIII

Key Engineering Materials VIII Book
Author : Alexander M. Korsunsky,Chobin Makabe,Emma Wang
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2018-08-20
ISBN : 303573304X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The 8th International Conference on Key Engineering Materials (ICKEM2018) Selected, peer reviewed papers from the 8th International Conference on Key Engineering Materials (8th ICKEM 2018), March 16-18, 2018, Osaka, Japan

Polylactic Acid

Polylactic Acid Book
Author : Lee Tin Sin,Bee Soo Tueen
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2019-06
ISBN : 9780128144725
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polylactic Acid: A Practical Guide for the Processing, Manufacturing, and Applications of PLA, Second Edition, provides a practical guide for engineers and scientists working in PLA and on the development of emerging new products. The current market situation for PLA and biodegradable polymers is described, along with applications across a range of market sectors. In addition, the mechanical, chemical, thermal, rheology and degradation properties are included. Updates include new chapters covering various processing methods, as well as recycling methods, and additives and processing aids. New applications cover a range of products (including 3D Printing), and an environmental assessment, including regulatory aspects. The book is not only a useful introduction to this topic, but also a practical, readily applicable reference book that will support decision-making in the plastics industry. Presents an essential reference for engineers, scientists and product designers considering switching to a sustainable plastic Covers the properties, synthesis and polymerization of PLA, along with processing techniques involved in fabricating parts from this polymer Includes critical new chapters on processing, additives, recycling and environmental considerations relating to PLA

Journal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy

Journal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Journal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.