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Polygeneration With Polystorage For Chemical And Energy Hubs

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Polygeneration with Polystorage

Polygeneration with Polystorage Book
Author : Kaveh Rajab Khalilpour
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-11-27
ISBN : 0128133074
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polygeneration with Polystorage: For Energy and Chemicals addresses the problem of both traditional and dispersed generation with a broad, multidisciplinary perspective. As the first book to thoroughly focus on the topic of polygeneration, users will find the problem presented from different scientific and technical domains down to both macro and micro levels. Detailed analyses and state-of-the-art developments in specific fields are included, focusing on storage in conventional energy supply chains and demand-side renewable polygeneration systems, management advice and the necessary market mechanisms needed to support them. This reference is useful for academics and professionals in conventional and unconventional energy systems. Includes an outlined framework towards polygeneration and polystorage down to both micro and macro levels Contains fluid and continuous chapters that provide detailed analysis and a review of the state-of-the-art developments in specific fields Addresses the wider global view of research advancement and potential in the role of polygeneration and polystorage in the move toward sustainability

Polygeneration Systems

Polygeneration Systems Book
Author : Francesco Calise,Laura Vanoli,Massimo Dentice D’Accadia,Maria Vicidomini
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-09-22
ISBN : 0128206268
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The support for polygeneration lies in the possibility of integrating different technologies into a single energy system, to maximize the utilization of both fossil and renewable fuels. A system that delivers multiple forms of energy to users, maximizing the overall efficiency makes polygeneration an emerging and viable option for energy consuming industries. Polygeneration Systems: Design, Processes and Technologies provides simple and advanced calculation techniques to evaluate energy, environmental and economic performance of polygeneration systems under analysis. With specific design guidelines for each type of polygeneration system and experimental performance data, referred both to single components and overall systems, this title covers all aspects of polygeneration from design to operation, optimization and practical implementation. Giving different aspects of both fossil and non-fossil fuel based polygeneration and the wider area of polygeneration processes, this book helps readers learn general principles to specific system design and development through analysis of case studies, examples, simulation characteristics and thermodynamic and economic data. Detailed economic data for technology to assist developing feasibility studies regarding the possible application of polygeneration technologies Offers a comprehensive list of all current numerical and experimental results of polygeneration available Includes simulation models, cost figures, demonstration projects and test standards for designers and researchers to validate their own models and/or to test the reliability of their results

Thermal Mechanical and Hybrid Chemical Energy Storage Systems

Thermal  Mechanical  and Hybrid Chemical Energy Storage Systems Book
Author : Klaus Brun,Timothy C. Allison,Richard Dennis
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-09-24
ISBN : 012819894X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thermal, Mechanical, and Hybrid Chemical Energy Storage Systems provides unique and comprehensive guidelines on all non-battery energy storage technologies, including their technical and design details, applications, and how to make decisions and purchase them for commercial use. The book covers all short and long-term electric grid storage technologies that utilize heat or mechanical potential energy to store electricity, including their cycles, application, advantages and disadvantages, such as round-trip-efficiency, duration, cost and siting. Also discussed are hybrid technologies that utilize hydrogen as a storage medium aside from battery technology. Readers will gain substantial knowledge on all major mechanical, thermal and hybrid energy storage technologies, their market, operational challenges, benefits, design and application criteria. Provide a state-of-the-art, ongoing R&D review Covers comprehensive energy storage hybridization tactics Features standalone chapters containing technology advances, design and applications

Solar Photovoltaic Power Intermittency and Implications on Power Systems

Solar Photovoltaic Power Intermittency and Implications on Power Systems Book
Author : Mohammed Albadi
Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Release : 2021
ISBN : 1527572420
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Solar photovoltaic (PV) systems have experienced a tremendous increase in installed capacity in the past decade. Although solar PV power is environmentally friendly and can be used to extend the life of fossil fuel reserves, it is of an intermittent nature. Through nine chapters, this book provides an understanding of solar PV systems’ power output intermittency and its impacts on power systems. The first part of the book highlights the source of the variability of both solar irradiation and PV systems’ output, while the second highlights the impact of factors such as temperature and dust on PV systems’ output variability through case studies. The third part highlights the impacts of PV systems’ output variability of the design and operation of power systems. This book will appeal to students, researchers, operators, engineers, designers, and policymakers working on solar PV or electric power systems design, planning, or operation.

Mechanical Energy Storage Technologies

Mechanical Energy Storage Technologies Book
Author : Ahmad Arabkoohsar
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-09-20
ISBN : 0128226617
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mechanical Energy Storage Technologies presents a comprehensive reference that systemically describes various mechanical energy storage technologies. State-of-the-art energy storage systems are outlined with basic formulation, utility, and detailed dynamic modeling examples, making each chapter a standalone module on storage technology. Each chapter includes a detailed mathematical model of the given energy storage system along with solved and unsolved examples, case studies, and prospects among emerging technologies and solutions for future energy systems. Giving a detailed understanding of why mechanical energy storage systems are useful, this book is a beneficial reference for anyone researching and working in mechanical energy storage systems. Covers advances in mechanical energy storage systems, both electricity and heat, in one reference Includes solved and unsolved examples for each storage technology Offers end-of-chapter summaries for each application Includes detailed mathematical models of each energy storage system examined

Clean Ironmaking and Steelmaking Processes

Clean Ironmaking and Steelmaking Processes Book
Author : Pasquale Cavaliere
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-07-18
ISBN : 3030212092
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

​This book describes the available technologies that can be employed to reduce energy consumption and greenhouse emissions in the steel- and ironmaking industries. Ironmaking and steelmaking are some of the largest emitters of carbon dioxide (over 2Gt per year) and have some of the highest energy demand (25 EJ per year) among all industries; to help mitigate this problem, the book examines how changes can be made in energy efficiency, including energy consumption optimization, online monitoring, and energy audits. Due to negligible regulations and unparalleled growth in these industries during the past 15-20 years, knowledge of best practices and innovative technologies for greenhouse gas remediation is paramount, and something this book addresses. Presents the most recent technological solutions in productivity analyses and dangerous emissions control and reduction in steelmaking plants; Examines the energy saving and emissions abatement efficiency for potential solutions to emission control and reduction in steelmaking plants; Discusses the application of the results of research conducted over the last ten years at universities, research centers, and industrial institutions.

Electrospinning for Advanced Energy Storage Applications

Electrospinning for Advanced Energy Storage Applications Book
Author : Neethu T. M. Balakrishnan,Raghavan Prasanth,Springer Nature
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021
ISBN : 9811588449
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a consolidated description of the process of electro-spinning and detailed properties and applications of electro-spun electrodes and electrolytes in energy storage devices. It discusses the preparation, structure and electrochemical properties of nanofiber electrode and electrolyte materials. It focuses exclusively on Lithium Ion batteries, with the contents discussing different aspects of electrospinning in storage systems. This book aims to provide a comprehensive resource to help researchers choose the best electrodes and electrolyte materials based on the properties required for their desired commercial applications. It will be a useful guide to graduate students and researchers working in solid-state chemistry, physics, materials chemistry, and chemical engineering on aspects of energy storage.

Zero Waste Biorefinery

Zero Waste Biorefinery Book
Author : Yogalakshmi Kadapakkam Nandabalan,Vinod Kumar Garg,Nitin K. Labhsetwar,Anita Singh
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-02-13
ISBN : 9811686823
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a compilation of process, technologies and value added products such as high value biochemicals and biofuels produced from different waste biorefineries. The book is sectioned into four categories providing a comprehensive outlook about zero waste biorefinery and technologies associated with it. The emerging technologies that potentially put back the lignocellulosic waste, municipal solid waste and food waste into intrinsic recycling for production of high value biochemicals and bioenergy, along with associated challenges and opportunities are also included. The content also focuses on algal biorefineries leading to sustainable circular economy through production of broad spectrum of bioactive compounds, bioethanol, biobutanol, biohydrogen, biodiesel through integrated biorefinery approach. The volume also includes chapters on conversion technologies and mathematical models applied for process optimization. A sound foundation about the underlying principles of biorefineries and a up-to-date state-of-the-art based overview on the latest advances in terms of scientific knowledge, techno-economic developments and life cycle assessment methodologies of integrated waste biorefinery is provided. This volume will be of great interest to professionals, post-graduate students and policy makers involved in waste management, biorefineries, circular economy and sustainable development.

Water Safety Security and Sustainability

Water Safety  Security and Sustainability Book
Author : Ashok Vaseashta,Carmen Maftei
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021
ISBN : 3030760081
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on threats, especially contaminants, to drinking water and the supply system, especially in municipalities but also in industrial and even residential settings. The safety, security, and suitability landscape can be described as dynamic and complex stemming from necessity and hence culpability due to the emerging threats and risks, vis-a-vis globalization resulting in new forms of contaminants being used due to new technologies. The book provides knowledge and guidance for engineers, scientists, designers, researchers, and students who are involved in water, sustainability, and study of security issues. This book starts out with basics of water usage, current statistics, and an overview ofwater resources. The book then introduces different scenarios of safety and security and areas that researchers need to focus. Following that, the book presents different types of contaminants inadvertent, intentional, or incidental. The next section presents different methodologies of contamination sensing/detection and remediation strategies as per guidance and standards set globally. The book then concludes with selected chapters on water management, including critical infrastructure that is critical to maintaining safe water supplies to cities and municipalities. Each chapter includes descriptive information for professionals in their respective fields. The breadth of chapters offers insights into how science (physical, natural, and social) and technology can support new developments to manage the complexity resident within the evolving threat and risk landscape.

Sustainable Downstream Processing of Microalgae for Industrial Application

Sustainable Downstream Processing of Microalgae for Industrial Application Book
Author : Kalyan Gayen,Tridib Kumar Bhowmick,Sunil Kumar Maity
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-10-03
ISBN : 0429639880
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microalgae can be future resource for industrial biotechnology In current energy crisis era, microalgae are under tremendous research focus for the production of biodiesel due to their high photosynthetic efficiency, growth rate and high lipid content compared to territorial plants. However, the large-scale production of algal biomass and downstream processing of harvested algae towards bio-fuels are facing several challenges from economic viability perspective. Apart from bio-fuels, the microalgae synthesize number of bio-molecules such as pigments (e.g., chlorophyll, carotenoid), protein (e.g., lectin, phycobiliprotein), and carbohydrates (e.g., agar, carrageenan, alginate, fucodian) which are available in the various forms of microalgal products. Therefore, developing a strategy for large-scale production and use of algal biomass for the co-production of these value-added macromolecules is thus imperative for the improvement of the economics of algal biorefinery. In the above context, this book covers three major areas (i) commercial-scale production of bio-molecules from microalgae, (ii) sustainable approach for industrial-scale operation, and (iii) optimization of downstream processes. Each of these sections is composed of several chapters written by the renowned academicians/industry experts. Furthermore, in this book, a significant weightage is given to the industry experts (around 50%) to enrich the industrial perspectives. We hope that amalgamate of fundamental knowledge from academicians and applied research information from industry experts will be useful for forthcoming implementation of a sustainable integrated microalgal biorefinery. This book highlights following. Explores biomolecules from microalgae and their applications Discusses microalgae cultivations and harvesting Examines downstream processing of biomolecules Explores sustainable integrated approaches for industrial scale operations Examines purification techniques specific for microalgal proteins, Omega 3 fatty Acids, carbohydrates, and pigments

Graphene Based Biopolymer Nanocomposites

Graphene Based Biopolymer Nanocomposites Book
Author : Bhasha Sharma,Purnima Jain
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-12-17
ISBN : 9811591806
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book comprehensively covers the different topics of graphene based biopolymer and nanocomposites, mainly synthesis methods for the composite materials, various characterization techniques to study the superior properties and insights on potential advanced applications.The book will address and rectify the complications of using plastics that are non-degradable and has abhorrent impact on environment. The limitations of properties of biopolymer can be vanquished by employing graphene as a nanomaterial. Outstanding properties of graphene in accordance with biopolymer can be utilized to develop applications like water treatment, tissue engineering, photo-catalysts, super-absorbents. This is a useful reference source for both engineers and researchers working in composite materials science as well as the students attending materials science, physics, chemistry, and engineering courses.

Solar Driven Water Treatment

Solar Driven Water Treatment Book
Author : Omid Mahian,Jinjia Wei,Robert A. Taylor,Somchai Wongwises
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-10-26
ISBN : 0323900038
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Solar-Driven Water Treatment: Re-engineering and Accelerating Nature’s Water Cycle looks at the use of solar energy and in particular photovoltaic technologies, as a viable, accessible and sustainable option in the treatment of water. Solar-Driven Water Treatment: Re-engineering and Accelerating Nature’s Water Cycle provides insight into the different solar powered technologies, in-depth information about the viability of sunlight in the water treatment process, the potential environmental implications as well as the performance, economics, operation and maintenance of the discussed technologies. Elaborating on the potential issues and health risks associated with the water purification systems this reference also covers the need for appropriate technologies in the present scenario to improve worldwide access to clean drinking water. Readers will learn the most appropriate technology for their specific need making this book useful for renewable energy and environmental engineers in investigating energy efficiency, water treatment technologies, and the economics of technological change in the treatment of water by solar technologies. Provides a valuable resource on how to solve the issue of drinking water scarcity by solar energy Describes various solar water treatment techniques with their environmental impacts Cover issues associated with solar water purification and the need for technology assessment

Biomass Biofuels Biochemicals

Biomass  Biofuels  Biochemicals Book
Author : Indu Shekhar Thakur,Ashok Pandey,Huu Hao Ngo,Carlos Ricardo Soccol,Christian Larroche
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-12-10
ISBN : 0128236094
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomass, Biochemicals, Biofuel: Climate Change Mitigation: Sequestration of Green House Gases is designed to not only give basic knowledge on the topics presented, but also to enlighten on conventional and advanced technologies, socioeconomic aspects, techno-economic feasibility, models and modeling tools, and detailed LCA approaches in the sequestration of GHGs for biofuel and biomaterials, including biopolymer production. These innovative technologies and novel prospective directly find applications in day-to-day practices. The book is a useful guide to politicians, researchers, teachers and waste management practitioners. It offers a treasure of knowledge to guide readers on the importance of GHGs sequestration in important areas. The issue of climate change is gaining much more attention by researchers, public, politicians and others. Climate change is one of the most complex issues the world is facing today. It has implications across society, including in science, technology, economics, society, politics, and moral and ethical dilemmas. Introduces appropriate technologies for GHG sequestration for biofuel and biomaterials production Presents the best available technologies for climate mitigation and examples from various geographical areas Evaluates technological systems to help users develop technically best and economically feasible projects Offers chemical looping mechanisms for the sequestration of green house gases for biofuel and biomaterials

Handbook of Biofuels

Handbook of Biofuels Book
Author : Sanjay Sahay
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-10-31
ISBN : 0128231335
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Biofuels looks at the many new developments in various type of bioenergy, along with the significant constraints in their production and/or applications. Beyond introducing current approaches and possible future directions of research, this title covers sources and processing of raw materials to downstream processing, constraints involved and research approaches to address and overcome these needs. Different combinations of products from the biorefinery are included, along with the material to answer questions surrounding the optimum process conditions for conversion of different feedstocks to bioenergy, the basis for choosing conversion technology, and what bioenergy products make economic sense. With chapters on the techno-economic analysis of biofuel production and concepts and step-by-step approaches in bioenergy processing, the objective of this book is to present a comprehensive and all-encompassing reference about bioenergy to students, teachers, researchers and professionals. Reviews all existing and emerging technologies surrounding the production of advanced biofuels, including biodiesel and bioethanol Includes biofuel applications with compatible global application case studies Offers new pathways for converting biomass

Sustainable Fuel Technologies Handbook

Sustainable Fuel Technologies Handbook Book
Author : Suman Dutta,Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-09-25
ISBN : 0128225602
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sustainable Fuel Technologies Handbook provides a thorough thermodynamic analysis of new and current methods to give detailed insight into energy efficiency processes. This book includes the production methods, storage systems, and applications in various engines, as well as the safety related issues associated with all stages of production, storage, and utilization. With a comparison of cost implications and a techno-economic evaluation checking the feasibility of sustainable fuel use, this handbook is an invaluable reference source for researchers, professionals, and scientists working in the field of sustainability. The present power from solar, biomass, wind, hydrogen and other forms of renewable energy generated from sustainable sources can be harvested by various means and utilized in a variety of industries, supporting the need for clean fuels in modern society. However, there is still limited global availability and insufficient storage, which are required for efficient and effective harvesting of sustainable fuels. Discusses new and innovative sustainable fuel technologies Provides an integrated approach for modern tools, methodologies, and indicators in sustainable technologies Evaluates advanced fuel technologies alongside other transformational options

Water Asset Management in Times of Climate Change and Digital Transformation

Water Asset Management in Times of Climate Change and Digital Transformation Book
Author : Robert Kijak
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-09-02
ISBN : 3030793605
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this book, climate change and digital transformation are explored as key strategic drivers for the contemporary practices of water utility companies. These drivers seem to be separate, but clearly, they are not. The recent weather anomalies in water stressed countries are discussed, which have been breaking records and become an elevated risk to water assets. In parallel, the book examines a contextual proposition that the concept of the fourth industrial revolution applied to the water sector, Water 4.0, assists with the water supply decentralisation and sustainability, in particular climate resilience. It further suggests that the implementation of an Asset Management System with reference to the ISO 55001 standard is a useful tool in this process.

Hydrocarbon Biorefinery

Hydrocarbon Biorefinery Book
Author : Sunil Kumar Maity,Kalyan Gayen,Tridib Kumar Bhowmick
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-09-01
ISBN : 0128234202
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sustainable production of hydrocarbon biofuels from biomass, fuels that are fully compatible with existing internal combustion engines, will allow the global transport economy to transition to a sustainable energy source without the need for capital-intensive new infrastructures. Hydrocarbon Biorefinery: Sustainable Processing of Biomass for Hydrocarbon Biofuels presents a comprehensive and easy to understand consolidation of existing knowledge for the production of hydrocarbon biofuels from biomass. Three major areas for the conversion of biomass to hydrocarbon biofuels are addressed: i) Chemical and thermochemical conversion processes, ii) Biological and biochemical conversion processes, and iii) Conversion processes of biomass-derived compounds. Additionally, the book includes process design, life cycle analysis of various processes, reaction engineering, catalysts, process conditions and process concepts, and is supported with detailed case studies. The economic viability of each process is specifically addressed to provide a clear guide for the economic development of future hydrocarbon biofuels. Hydrocarbon Biorefinery: Sustainable Processing of Biomass for Hydrocarbon Biofuels offers an all-in-one resource for researchers, graduate students, and industry professionals working in the area of bioenergy and will be of interest to energy engineers, chemical engineers, bioengineers, chemists, agricultural researchers, and mechanical engineers. Furthermore, this book provides structured foundational content on biorefineries for undergraduate and graduate students. Presents fundamental concepts and processes of hydrocarbon biofuel production, covering chemical, biological, and biomass-derived conversion processes Synthesizes the state-of-the-art research and commercial initiatives of this emerging concept into stand-alone chapters, serving as a structured resource for researchers and practitioners Emphasizes the process design and economic feasibility of each process using life cycle assessments to support commercial development