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Plastics In Medical Devices

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Plastics in Medical Devices

Plastics in Medical Devices Book
Author : Vinny R. Sastri
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2013-11-27
ISBN : 0323265634
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plastics in Medical Devices is a comprehensive overview of the main types of plastics used in medical device applications. It focuses on the applications and properties that are most important in medical device design, such as chemical resistance, sterilization capability and biocompatibility. The roles of additives, stabilizers, and fillers as well as the synthesis and production of polymers are covered and backed up with a wealth of data tables. Since the first edition the rate of advancement of materials technology has been constantly increasing. In the new edition Dr. Sastri not only provides a thorough update of the first edition chapters with new information regarding new plastic materials, applications and new requirements, but also adds two chapters – one on market and regulatory aspects and supplier controls, and one on process validation. Both chapters meet an urgent need in the industry and make the book an all-encompassing reference not found anywhere else. Comprehensive coverage of uses of polymers for medical devices. Unique coverage of medical device regulatory aspects, supplier control and process validation. Invaluable guide for engineers, scientists and managers involved in the development and marketing of medical devices and materials for use in medical devices.

The Complete Book on Medical Plastics

The Complete Book on Medical Plastics Book
Author : NIIR Board of Consultants and Engineers
Publisher : ASIA PACIFIC BUSINESS PRESS Inc.
Release : 2006-10-01
ISBN : 8178330008
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plastics currently form one of the most important components of the medical industry. Medical device designers and engineers increasingly prefer plastics to conventional packaging materials such as metals owing to superior flexibility offered by plastics in fabrication process. Advancements in sterilization techniques shift towards disposable devices, development of enhanced plastic materials, and technological innovations are factors driving the overall market growth and expansion. The development of novel materials such as biocompatible polymers for use in medical implants will furthermore provide the required impetus for the global medical plastics market. Every day, plastics are involved in critical surgeries, life saving efforts, and routine medical procedures. Plastic materials can be sterilized hundreds of times without degradation. Lightweight plastics are used to form replacement joints, non surgical supports, and therapy equipment. Clear plastics provide visibility for transfusions, surgeries, and diagnostic equipment of all kinds and plastics can be machined, molded, or formed into almost any shape imaginable. The use of plastics in health care field encompasses several distinct markets. Plastic is used on a large scale as medical devices like disposable syringes, optical and dental products, heart valves, contact lenses and many more medical products. This way plastic has very importance in making medical devices. The medical plastics industry is set to expand rapidly over the next decade taking up increasing proportions of GDP, as countries provide healthcare to an ageing population, access to medicine expands in developing regions and new technology is developed. This book basically deals with significance of packaging for pharmaceuticals & medical industry, tablets & capsules liquids, creams and ointments, OPVC, OPP and oriented and non oriented pet containers, blister trays for ampoules, cartridge tubes etc., shrink packaging and stretch wrapping, conducting health based risk assessments of medical materials, performance properties of metallocene polyethylene, EVA, and flexible PVC films, polyurethane thin film welding for medical device applications, polyurethane film as an alternative to PVC and latex, opportunities for PVC replacement in medical solution containers, thermoplastic silicone urethane copolymers : a new class of biomedical elastomers, selecting materials for medical products : from PVC to metallocene polyolefins, injection molding engineering plastics, assessing the performance and suitability of parylene coating etc. The present book contains the important information of plastics in medical field and their uses in various ways. This is very useful book for entrepreneurs, researchers, technocrats and technical institutions.

Applications of Polymers and Plastics in Medical Devices

Applications of Polymers and Plastics in Medical Devices Book
Author : Syed Ali Ashter
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2022-03-15
ISBN : 9780128209806
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Applications of Polymers and Plastics in Medical Devices: Design, Manufacture, and Performance is a comprehensive guide to plastic materials for medical devices, covering fundamentals, materials, applications, and regulatory requirements. The book begins by introducing the role of plastics in medical devices, socio-economic factors, and classification of medical devices. The next section focuses on materials selection for the construction of devices and presents detailed coverage of properties, characteristics, performance, medical grades, and suppliers, of polymer materials, which are categorized by performance level. Manufacturing processes for device components are explained, including extrusion, casting, injection molding, and assembly processes. The book then covers applications in detail, examining each device and the role that polymers and plastics play in its construction and function. The final part of the book brings together comprehensive information on the role of regulatory requirements and other key factors, such as quality control, re-processing of re-usable medical devices, and future directions of medical devices. This is an essential resource for engineers, R&D, and other professionals working on plastics for medical devices, across the plastics industry, medical device manufacturing, pharmaceuticals, packaging, and biotechnology. In an academic setting, this book is of interest to researchers and advanced students in medical plastics, plastics engineering, polymer science, mechanical engineering, chemical engineering, biomedical engineering, and materials science. Offers systematic coverage of the major classes of polymers used in medical devices - properties, characteristics, performance, medical grades, and suppliers - and supporting materials selection for specific devices. Reviews regulatory requirements of the FDA and other global agencies, as well as considering quality control and socio-economic factors. Includes the latest advances in plastics for medical devices, such as novel applications, use of bio-based polymers, and processing of re-usable medical devices.

Plastics in Medical Devices for Cardiovascular Applications

Plastics in Medical Devices for Cardiovascular Applications Book
Author : Ajay Padsalgikar
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2017-02-01
ISBN : 0323371221
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plastics in Medical Devices for Cardiovascular Applications enables designers of new cardiovascular medical devices to make decisions about the kind of plastics that can go into the manufacture of their device by explaining the property requirements of various applications in this area, including artificial valves, lead insulation, balloons, vascular grafts, and more. Enables designers to improve device performance and remain compliant with regulations by selecting the best material for each application Presents a range of applications, including artificial valves, stents, and vascular grafts Explains which materials can be used for each application, and why each is appropriate, thus assisting in the design of better tools and processes

Plastics in Medical Devices

Plastics in Medical Devices Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Plastics in Medical Devices book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Plastics for Medical Devices

Plastics for Medical Devices Book
Author : Melvin Schlechter
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000
ISBN : 9781569652930
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Plastics for Medical Devices book written by Melvin Schlechter, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Handbook of Polymer Applications in Medicine and Medical Devices

Handbook of Polymer Applications in Medicine and Medical Devices Book
Author : Len Czuba
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-12-05
ISBN : 012807664X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This chapter will present a look at the medical device market with a particular focus on the materials of construction of devices and what we can expect in new products looking ahead. A deeper look at some other trends that have an effect on the direction of the medical device industry will be done. Finally, consideration will be given to a number of global factors that can have dramatic effects on our industry.

Handbook of Polymer Applications in Medicine and Medical Devices

Handbook of Polymer Applications in Medicine and Medical Devices Book
Author : Vinny R. Sastri
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-12-05
ISBN : 0128076763
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the past 2000 years, many devices have been developed and used in the mitigation and diagnosis of diseases. The materials used in these devices have ranged from stone, wood, metal, ceramics, and most recently plastics. Medical devices have also evolved in sophistication and complexity over time. With the formalization of the scientific method in the seventeenth century such devices became more prevalent [1]. Many medical devices were manufactured by doctors or small companies and sold directly to the public with no government standards or oversight. With the explosion of medical technology in the early twentieth century, several intermediaries had evolved between the medical device industry and the public. In 1879, Dr E.R. Squibb, in an address to the Medical Society of the State of New York, proposed the enactment of a national statute to regulate food and drugs [2]. It was not until 27 years later that the Food and Drug Act of 1906 was introduced into the Congress and signed into law by President Theodore Roosevelt [3]. At that time, devices that were harmful to human safety and health proliferated the market but regulation of medical devices by the Bureau of Chemistry (the precursor to the Food and Drug Administration—FDA) was limited to challenging commercial products only after they had been released into the market. Devices in the marketplace that were defective, adulterated, or misbranded were seized and the device manufacturers were prosecuted in a court of law, but only after the products were sold in the market and caused harm to the end users. Thus, there was a strong need for regulating the devices before they entered the marketplace. An FDA report [4], issued in September 1970, detailed as many as 10,000 injuries and 731 deaths from ineffective medical devices. The report recommended the formation of a regulatory system and body that would enforce the production and sale of safe and effective devices to the public. All medical devices already on the market would be inventoried and classified into a three-tiered system based on their criticality of end use. It also detailed requirements for records and reports, registration and inspection of establishments, and uniform quality assurance programs called good manufacturing practices (GMP). After much lobbying by the FDA, Senate bill SR 510, “The Medical Device Amendments of 1973” was introduced by Senator Edward M. Kennedy and was passed by the Senate in 1975. House bill HR 11124, introduced by Representative Paul Rogers, was passed by the House in 1976. These bills eventually became the Medical Device Amendments of 1976, and were signed into law by President Nixon. The Medical Device Amendments of 1976 became the basis for the medical device regulation in the United States to control and regulate the production of finished devices and thus the device manufacturers themselves.

Plastics for Medical Devices

Plastics for Medical Devices Book
Author : Melvin Schlechter
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1996
ISBN : 9781569652688
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Plastics for Medical Devices book written by Melvin Schlechter, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Handbook of Polymer Applications in Medicine and Medical Devices

Handbook of Polymer Applications in Medicine and Medical Devices Book
Author : Kayvon Modjarrad,Sina Ebnesajjad
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-12-05
ISBN : 0323221696
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While the prevalence of plastics and elastomers in medical devices is now quite well known, there is less information available covering the use of medical devices and the applications of polymers beyond medical devices, such as in hydrogels, biopolymers and silicones beyond enhancement applications, and few books in which these are combined into a single reference. This book is a comprehensive reference source, bringing together a number of key medical polymer topics in one place for a broad audience of engineers and scientists, especially those currently developing new medical devices or seeking more information about current and future applications. In addition to a broad range of applications, the book also covers clinical outcomes and complications arising from the use of the polymers in the body, giving engineers a vital insight into the real world implications of the devices they’re creating. Regulatory issues are also covered in detail. The book also presents the latest developments on the use of polymers in medicine and development of nano-scale devices. Gathers discussions of a large number of applications of polymers in medicine in one place Provides an insight into both the legal and clinical implications of device design Relevant to industry, academic and medical professionals Presents the latest developments in the field, including medical devices on a nano-scale

Handbook of Polymer Applications in Medicine and Medical Devices

Handbook of Polymer Applications in Medicine and Medical Devices Book
Author : Laurence W. McKeen
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-12-05
ISBN : 0128076658
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Medical devices range from simple devices, to test equipment, to implants. Plastics are used more and more in these devices, for weight, cost, and performance purposes. Examples of medical devices include surgical instruments, catheters, coronary stents, pacemakers, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) machines, X-ray machines, prosthetic limbs, artificial hips/knees, surgical gloves, and bandages.

Polymers in Disposable Medical Devices

Polymers in Disposable Medical Devices Book
Author : Colin R. Blass
Publisher : iSmithers Rapra Publishing
Release : 1999
ISBN : 9781859571828
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Polymers in Disposable Medical Devices book written by Colin R. Blass, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Plastics in Medical Devices

Plastics in Medical Devices Book
Author : Vinny R. Sastri
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-03-05
ISBN : 081552028X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

No book has been published that gives a detailed description of all the types of plastic materials used in medical devices, the unique requirements that the materials need to comply with and the ways standard plastics can be modified to meet such needs. This book will start with an introduction to medical devices, their classification and some of the regulations (both US and global) that affect their design, production and sale. A couple of chapters will focus on all the requirements that plastics need to meet for medical device applications. The subsequent chapters describe the various types of plastic materials, their properties profiles, the advantages and disadvantages for medical device applications, the techniques by which their properties can be enhanced, and real-world examples of their use. Comparative tables will allow readers to find the right classes of materials suitable for their applications or new product development needs.

Medical Plastics

Medical Plastics Book
Author : Robert C Portnoy
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2008-12-10
ISBN : 9780080950433
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The use of plastics is widespread. Less widespread, however, is a clear understanding and examination of the many forms of degradation inherent within the very environments these materials must perform. Medical PlasticsùDegradation Resistance & Failure Analysis fills that void. The introductory chapter gives an overview of the medical applications of plastics and the specific performance requirements they need to meet. The following chapters discuss various degrading environments and their effects including environmental stress cracking, effect of body liquids, effect of harsh environments, and various methods of sterilization. The book also discusses the failure of medical devices due to contamination, low temperature, the effects of UV light, migration of formulation components, mechanical stresses, and problems with design and fabrication. Case histories of failures of some common products used in medicine are also provided.

Handbook of Polymer Applications in Medicine and Medical Devices

Handbook of Polymer Applications in Medicine and Medical Devices Book
Author : André Colas,Jim Curtis
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-12-05
ISBN : 0128076690
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Silicone materials have been widely used in medicine for over 60 years. Available in a variety of material types, they have unique chemical and physical properties that manifest in excellent biocompatibility and biodurability for many applications. Silicone elastomers have remarkably low glass-transition temperatures and maintain their flexibility over a wide temperature range, enabling them to withstand conditions from cold storage to steam autoclaving. They have high permeability to gases and many drugs, advantageous respectively in wound care or in transdermal drug delivery. They have low surface tension and remarkable chemical stability, enabling biocompatibility and biodurability in many long-term implant applications.

New Technology in Thermoplastic Materials Processes and Applications for Medical Devices and Packaging

New Technology in Thermoplastic Materials  Processes  and Applications for Medical Devices and Packaging Book
Author : Lorene Baccaro,Robert Portnoy
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1995
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download New Technology in Thermoplastic Materials Processes and Applications for Medical Devices and Packaging book written by Lorene Baccaro,Robert Portnoy, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Emerging Trends in Medical Plastic Engineering and Manufacturing

Emerging Trends in Medical Plastic Engineering and Manufacturing Book
Author : Markus Schönberger,Marc Hoffstetter
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2016-01-06
ISBN : 0323374654
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Emerging Trends in Medical Plastic Engineering and Manufacturing gives engineers and materials scientists working in the field detailed insights into upcoming technologies in medical polymers. While plastic manufacturing combines the possibility of mass production and wide design variability, there are still opportunities within the plastic engineering field which have not been fully adopted in the medical industry. In addition, there are numerous additional challenges related to the development of products for this industry, such as ensuring tolerance to disinfection, biocompatibility, selecting compliant additives for processing, and more. This book enables product designers, polymer processing engineers, and manufacturing engineers to take advantage of the numerous upcoming developments in medical plastics, such as autoregulated volume-correction to achieve zero defect production or the development of ‘intelligent’ single use plastic products, and methods for sterile manufacturing which reduce the need for subsequent sterilization processes. Finally, as medical devices get smaller, the book discusses the challenges posed by miniaturization for injection molders, how to respond to these challenges, and the rapidly advancing prototyping technologies. Provides a roadmap to the emerging technologies for polymers in the medical device industry, including coverage of ‘intelligent’ single use products, personalized medical devices, and the integration of manufacturing steps to improve workflows Helps engineers in the biomedical and medical devices industries to navigate and anticipate the special requirements of this field with relation to biocompatibility, sterilization methods, and government regulations Presents tactics readers can use to take advantage of rapid prototyping technologies, such as 3D printing, to reduce defects in production and develop products that enable entirely new treatment possibilities

Polymers in Medical Applications

Polymers in Medical Applications Book
Author : B.J. Lambert,F.-W. Tang,W. J. Rogers
Publisher : iSmithers Rapra Publishing
Release : 2001
ISBN : 9781859572597
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The use of polymers in medical devices is growing at a steady rate. These materials are generally relatively cheap and versatile, qualities required in many bulk applications. In more specialised medical devices, polymeric components have been developed to meet challenging property and performance requirements. This review describes the process of developing polymeric products for medical applications from design requirements through to specific examples of medical devices and packaging. An additional indexed section containing several hundred abstracts from the Rapra Polymer Library database gives useful references for further reading.

The Medical Device R D Handbook

The Medical Device R D Handbook Book
Author : Theodore R. Kucklick
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2005-11-21
ISBN : 9780849327179
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Medical Device R&D Handbook presents a wealth of information for the hands-on design and building of medical devices. Detailed information on such diverse topics as catheter building, prototyping, materials, processes, regulatory issues, and much more are available in this convenient handbook for the first time. The Medical Device R&D Handbook also includes exclusive interviews with pioneers and leaders in the medical device industry, offering an insider's perspective on issues that are critical to the medical device entrepreneur. Highlights Include... An Introduction to Medical Plastics Catheter Forming Equipment and Operations Basics of Catheter Construction Basics of Medical Needles Rapid Prototyping for Medical Devices Reverse Engineering for Medical Devices Using Medical Illustration in Product Development Introduction to Pre-Clinical Studies Introduction to Regulatory Affairs Assessing Biocompatibility Exclusive Interviews with Key Industry Leaders ...And More This practical handbook is a unique, insightful guide that helps you design, test, and successfully introduce new medical devices to the marketplace.