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Plant Nutrition And Food Security In The Era Of Climate Change

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Plant Nutrition and Food Security in the Era of Climate Change

Plant Nutrition and Food Security in the Era of Climate Change Book
Author : Penna Suprasanna,Ashish Kumar Srivastava,Vinay Kumar
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-09-01
ISBN : 0128230932
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant nutrients are the vital elements essential for plant growth and survival, with key roles in adapting to challenging environments. Each nutrient, whether required in relatively large (macronutrients) or minute concentrations (micronutrients) plays a unique role in plant life cycle. Both the insufficient and surplus concentrations of these nutrients may render negative impacts on plant growth and development and therefore their homeostasis is considered critical for optimal plant growth and yield. Plant Nutrition and Food Security in the Era of Climate Change comprehensively reviews all critical plant nutrients. Chapters include topics such as: biological roles, uptake and transport of vital nutrients in plants; an in-depth review of the roles of potassium, calcium, magnesium and trace element; molecular breeding approaches for enhanced plant nutrients; and exploring the rhizosphere microbiome for enhance nutrient availability. Written by leading experts in the field of plant biology, this is an essential read for researchers and scientists interested in plant science, agronomy, food security and environmental science. A comprehensive review of all the important plant nutrients Discusses plant homeostasis under natural and changing environments Introduces novel approaches and state-of-the-art tool for enhancing the levels of targeted nutrients within plant tissues

Sustainable Food Security in the Era of Local and Global Environmental Change

Sustainable Food Security in the Era of Local and Global Environmental Change Book
Author : Mohamed Behnassi,Olaf Pollmann,Gabrielle Kissinger
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-07-01
ISBN : 9400767196
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume discusses a broad range of vital issues encompassing the production and consumption of food in the current period of climate change. All of these add up to looming, momentous challenges to food security, especially for people in regions where malnutrition and famine have been the norm during numerous decades. Furthermore, threats to food security do not stop at the borders of more affluent countries – governance of food systems and changes in eating patterns will have worldwide consequences. The book is arranged in four broad sections. Part I, Combating Food Insecurity: A Global Responsibility opens with a chapter describing the urgent necessity for new paradigm and policy set to meet the food security challenges of climate change. Also in this section are chapters on meat and the dimensions of animal welfare, climate change and sustainability; on dietary options for mitigating climate change; and the linkage of forest and food production in the context of the REDD+ approach to valuation of forests. Part II, Managing Linkages Between Climate Change and Food Security offers a South Asian perspective on Gender, Climate Change and Household Food Security; a chapter on food crisis in sub-Saharan Africa; and separate chapters on critical issues of food supply and production in Nigeria, far-Western Nepal and the Sudano-Sahelian zone of Cameroon. Part III examines Food Security and patterns of production and consumption, with chapters focused on Morocco, Thailand, Bahrain, Kenya and elsewhere. The final section discusses successful, innovative practices, with chapters on Food Security in Knowledge-Based Economy; Biosaline Agriculture in the Gulf States; Rice production in a cotton zone of Benin; palm oil in the production of biofuel; and experiments in raised-bed wheat production. The editors argue that technical prescriptions are insufficient to manage the food security challenge. They propose and explain a holistic approach for adapting food systems to global environmental change, which demands the engagement of many disciplines – a new, sustainable food security paradigm.

Sustainable Agriculture in the Era of Climate Change

Sustainable Agriculture in the Era of Climate Change Book
Author : Rajib Roychowdhury,Shuvasish Choudhury,Mirza Hasanuzzaman,Sangeeta Srivastava
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-07-06
ISBN : 3030456692
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Under ongoing climate changes, natural and cultivated habitats of major crops are being continuously disturbed. Such conditions impose and exacerbate abiotic and biotic stressors. Drought, salinity, flood, cold, heat, heavy metals, metalloids, oxidants, irradiation, etc. are important abiotic stressors, while diseases and infections caused by plant pathogens, such as fungal agents, bacteria and viruses, are major biotic stresses. In many instances, stresses have become the major limiting factor for agricultural productivity and exert detrimental role on growth and yield of the crops. To help feed an ever increasing world population and to ensure global food security, concerted efforts from scientists and researchers have identified strategies to manage and mitigate the impacts of climate-induced stresses. This book, summarizing their findings, is aimed at crop improvement beyond such kind of barriers, by agronomic practices (genetics, breeding, phenotyping, etc.) and biotechnological applications, including molecular markers, QTL mapping, genetic engineering, transgenesis, tissue culture, various 'omics' technologies and gene editing. It will cover a wide range of topics under environmental challenges, agronomy and agriculture processes, and biotechnological approaches. Additionally, fundamental mechanisms and applied information on stress responses and tolerance will be discussed. This book highlights problems and offers proper solutions for crop stress management with recent information and up-to-date citations. We believe this book is suitable for scientists, researchers and students working in the fields of agriculture, plant science, environmental biology and biotechnology.

Food security and nutrition in the age of climate change

Food security and nutrition in the age of climate change Book
Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
Release : 2018-10-17
ISBN : 9251309310
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

After steadily declining for over a decade, global hunger is on the rise again, while various forms of malnutrition coexist. Climate change is already exacerbating this grim picture, which is why food security and food production will be a major focus of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s 6th Assessment Cycle. Thanks to the participation of 250 experts from all around the world, the International Symposium on Food Security and Nutrition in the Age of Climate Change highlighted the importance of food and agricultural systems in the fight against climate change and presented concrete multi-sector solutions to address this global issue. The event placed special emphasis on the regional realities of West Africa and the Canadian North, as well as to the presence of young people and members of Indigenous and Northern communities directly affected by these issues. The summaries of these four days of plenaries, interactive workshops, and special events have been grouped under seven major themes for this publication: 1) Climate change, food security and nutrition: the issues; (2) The agriculture sectors in the context of climate change; (3) Food systems in the face of climate change; (4) Natural resources: challenges and solutions; (5) Food security and nutrition in a changing North; (6) Summary of solutions; (7) Strengthening and adapting regional and international cooperation.

Essential Plant Nutrients

Essential Plant Nutrients Book
Author : M. Naeem,Abid A. Ansari,Sarvajeet Singh Gill
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-08-31
ISBN : 3319588419
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores the agricultural, commercial, and ecological future of plants in relation to mineral nutrition. It covers various topics regarding the role and importance of mineral nutrition in plants including essentiality, availability, applications, as well as their management and control strategies. Plants and plant products are increasingly important sources for the production of energy, biofuels, and biopolymers in order to replace the use of fossil fuels. The maximum genetic potential of plants can be realized successfully with a balanced mineral nutrients supply. This book explores efficient nutrient management strategies that tackle the over and under use of nutrients, check different kinds of losses from the system, and improve use efficiency of the plants. Applied and basic aspects of ecophysiology, biochemistry, and biotechnology have been adequately incorporated including pharmaceuticals and nutraceuticals, agronomical, breeding and plant protection parameters, propagation and nutrients managements. This book will serve not only as an excellent reference material but also as a practical guide for readers, cultivators, students, botanists, entrepreneurs, and farmers.

Agriculture Rural Development Food and Drug Administration and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2013

Agriculture  Rural Development  Food and Drug Administration  and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2013 Book
Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Agriculture Rural Development Food and Drug Administration and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2013 book written by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Building Resilience for Adaptation to Climate Change in the Agriculture Sector

Building Resilience for Adaptation to Climate Change in the Agriculture Sector Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Fao Inter-Departmental Working Group
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"The joint workshop on Building resilience for adaptation to climate change in the agriculture sector was organized by FAO and OECD, and was held from 23 to 24 April 2012, at FAO headquarters in Rome."--P. 5.

Genetic Manipulation in Plants for Mitigation of Climate Change

Genetic Manipulation in Plants for Mitigation of Climate Change Book
Author : Pawan Kumar Jaiwal,Rana Pratap Singh,Om Parkash Dhankher
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-01-07
ISBN : 8132226623
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a detailed overview and critical evaluation of the state of the art and latest approaches in genetic manipulation studies on plants to mitigate the impact of climate change on growth and productivity. Each chapter has been written by experts in plant-stress biology and highlights the involvement of a variety of genes/pathways and their regulation in abiotic stress, recent advances in molecular breeding (identification of tightly liked markers, QTLs/genes), transgenesis (introduction of exogenous genes or changing the expression of endogenous stress- responsive genes) and genomics approaches that have made it easier to identify and isolate several key genes involved in abiotic stress such as drought, water lodging/flooding, extreme temperatures, salinity and heavy-metal toxicity. Food and nutritional security has emerged as a major global challenge due to expanding populations, and cultivated areas becoming less productive as a result of extreme climatic changes adversely affecting the quantity and quality of plants. Hence, there is an urgent need to develop crop varieties resilient to abiotic stress to ensure food security and combat increased input costs, low yields and the marginalization of land. The role of GM crops in poverty alleviation, nutrition and health in developing countries and their feasibility in times of climate change are also discussed. Recent advances in gene technologies have shown t he potential for faster, more targeted crop improvements by transferring genes across the sexual barriers. The book is a valuable resource for scientists, researchers, students, planners and industrialists working in the area of biotechnology, plant agriculture, agronomy, horticulture, plant physiology, molecular biology, plant sciences and environmental sciences.

Genomic Designing of Climate Smart Fruit Crops

Genomic Designing of Climate Smart Fruit Crops Book
Author : Chittaranjan Kole
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-03-30
ISBN : 3319979469
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edited book provides a comprehensive overview of modern strategies in fruit crop breeding in the era of climate change and global warming. It demonstrates how advances in plant molecular and genomics-assisted breeding can be utilized to produce improved fruit crops with climate-smart traits. Agriculture is facing a number of challenges in the 21st century, as it has to address food, nutritional, energy and environmental security. Future fruit varieties must be adaptive to the varying scenarios of climate change, produce higher yields of high-quality food, feed, and fuel and have multiple uses. To achieve these goals, it is imperative to employ modern tools of molecular breeding, genetic engineering and genomics for ‘precise’ plant breeding to produce ‘designed’ fruit crop varieties. This book is of interest to scientists working in the fields of plant genetics, genomics, breeding, biotechnology, and in the disciplines of agronomy and horticulture.

Proceedings of the International Symposium on Underutilized Plants for Food Security Nutrition Income and Sustainable Development

Proceedings of the International Symposium on Underutilized Plants for Food Security  Nutrition  Income and Sustainable Development Book
Author : International Society for Horticultural Science. Commission on Plant Genetic Resources,International Society for Horticultural Science. Working Group on Underutilized Plant Genetic Resources
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 9789066057012
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Proceedings of the International Symposium on Underutilized Plants for Food Security Nutrition Income and Sustainable Development book written by International Society for Horticultural Science. Commission on Plant Genetic Resources,International Society for Horticultural Science. Working Group on Underutilized Plant Genetic Resources, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Forgotten Agricultural Heritage

Forgotten Agricultural Heritage Book
Author : Parviz Koohafkan,Miguel A. Altieri
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2016-11-25
ISBN : 131547008X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Contemporary agriculture is often criticized for its industrial scale, adverse effects on nutrition, rural employment and the environment, and its disconnectedness from nature and culture. Yet there are many examples of traditional smaller scale systems that have survived the test of time and provide more sustainable solutions while still maintaining food security in an era of climate change. This book provides a unique compilation of this forgotten agricultural heritage and is based on objective scientific evaluation and evidence of the value of these systems for present and future generations. The authors refer to many of these systems as Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) and show how they are related to the concepts of heritage and the World Heritage Convention. They demonstrate how GIAHS based on family farms, traditional indigenous knowledge and agroecological principles can contribute to food and nutrition security and the maintenance of agro-biodiversity and environmental resilience, as well as sustain local cultures, economies and societies. Two substantial chapters are devoted to descriptions and assessments of some 50 examples of designated and potential GIAHS from around the world, including rice-fish culture in China, mountain terrace systems in Asia, coffee agroforestry in Latin America, irrigation systems and land and water management in Iran and India, pastoralism in East Africa, and the dehesa agrosilvopastoral system of Spain and Portugal. The book concludes by providing policy and technical solutions for sustainable agriculture and rural development through the enhancement of these systems.

Improvement of Crops in the Era of Climatic Changes

Improvement of Crops in the Era of Climatic Changes Book
Author : Parvaiz Ahmad,Mohd Rafiq Wani,Mohamed Mahgoub Azooz,Lam-Son Phan Tran
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-12
ISBN : 1461488303
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Current trends in population growth hint that global food production is unlikely to gratify future demands under predicted climate change scenarios unless the rates of crop improvement are accelerated. Crop production faces numerous challenges, due to changing environmental conditions and evolving needs for new plant-derived materials. These challenges come at a time when the plant sciences are witnessing remarkable progress in understanding fundamental processes of plant growth and development. Drought, heat, cold and salinity are among the major abiotic stresses that often cause a series of morphological, physiological, biochemical and molecular alterations which adversely affect plant growth, development and productivity, consequently posing a serious challenge for sustainable food production in large parts of the world, particularly in emerging countries. This emphasizes the urgency of finding better ways to translate new advances in plant science into concrete successes in agricultural production. To overcome the pessimistic influence of abiotic stresses and to maintain the food security in the face of these challenges, new, improved and tolerant crop varieties, contemporary breeding techniques, and cavernous understanding of the mechanisms that counteract detrimental climate changes are indubitably needed to sustain the requisite food supply. In this context, Improvement of Crops in the Era of Climatic Changes, Volume 1 provides a state-of-the-art guide to recent developments that aid in the understanding of plant responses to abiotic stresses and lead to new horizons vis-à-vis prime strategies for translating current research into applied solutions to create strong yields and overall crop improvement under such unfavourable environments. Written by a diverse group of internationally famed scholars, Improvement of Crops in the Era of Climatic Changes, Volume 1 is a brief yet all-inclusive resource that is immensely advantageous for researchers, students, environmentalists, soil scientists, professionals, and many others in the quest of advancement in this flourishing field of research.

Why

Why Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Why book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Biology Digest

Biology Digest Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Biology Digest book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Climate Change and Multi Dimensional Sustainability in African Agriculture

Climate Change and Multi Dimensional Sustainability in African Agriculture Book
Author : Rattan Lal,David Kraybill,David O. Hansen,Bal Ram Singh,Theodosy Mosogoya,Lars Olav Eik
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-11-23
ISBN : 3319412388
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This 35-chapter book is based on several oral and poster presentations including both invited and contributory chapters. The book is thematically based on four pillars of sustainability, with focus on sub-Saharan Africa (SSA): Environment, Economic, Social and Institutional. The environmental sustainability, which determines economic and social/institutional sustainability, refers to the rate of use of natural resources (soil, water, landscape, vegetation) which can be continued indefinitely without degrading their quality, productivity and ecosystem services for different ecoregions of SSA. This book will help achieve the Sustainable Development Goals of the U.N. in SSA. Therefore, the book is of interest to agriculturalists, economists, social scientists, policy makers, extension agents, and development/bilateral organizations. Basic principles explained in the book can be pertinent to all development organizations.

Bibliography of Agriculture with Subject Index

Bibliography of Agriculture with Subject Index Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Bibliography of Agriculture with Subject Index book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Science and Sustainable Food Security

Science and Sustainable Food Security Book
Author : Monkombu Sambasivan Swaminathan
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2010
ISBN : 9814282111
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Section I. Food security and economic development - how science is applied to solve problems of poverty, drought and famine. 1. Key to third world prosperity / Swaminathan, M.S. 2. Changing nature of the food security challenge : implications for agricultural research and policy / Swaminathan, M.S. 3. Bridging the nutritional divide - building community centred nutrition security systems / Swaminathan, M.S. 4. Africa's rainbow revolution / Swaminathan, M.S. 5. Hunger in Africa : the link between unhealthy people and unhealthy soils / Sanchez Pedro, A. and Swarninathan, M.S. 6. Cutting world hunger in half / Sanchez Pedro, A. and Swaminathan, M.S. 7. Can science and technology feed the world in 2025? / Swarninathan, M.S. 8. Effects of climate change on food production / Parry, Martin L. and Swaminathan, M.S. 9. Sustainable food security in Africa : lessons from India's green revolution / Swaminathan, M.S. 10. Sustainable food and water security / Swaminathan, M.S. -- Section II. Science and food security - how science is used to generate efficient and optimal agricultural outputs. 11. Science and sustainable food security / Swaminathan, M.S. 12. Indian agriculture at the crossroads / Swaminathan, M.S. 13. Magnitude of hybrid vigor retained in double haploid lines of some heterotic rice hybrids / Bui Ba Bong and Swaminathan, M.S. 14. Development of monosomic series in an Indian wheat and isolation of a nullisomic lines / Swaminathan, M.S. [und weitere]. 15. Consanguineous marriages and the genetic load due to lethal genes in Kerala / Kumar, S., Pai, R.A. and Swaminathan, M.S. 16. The experimental manipulation of genes / Swaminathan, M.S. 17. Nature of polyploidy in some 48-chromosome species of the section Tuberarium Genus Solanum / Swaminathan, M.S. 18. Overcoming cross-incompatibility among some Mexican diploid species of solanum / Swaminathan, M.S. 19. Polyploidy and radiosensitivity / Swaminathan, M.S. and Natarajan, A.T. 20. Disomic and tetrosomic inheritance in a Solanum hybrid / Swaminathan, M.S. 21. The green revolution in Indian agriculture from an environmentally sound technology point of view / Swaminathan, M.S. 22. Science and shaping our agricultural future / Swaminathan, M.S. -- Section III. Food security and ecological balance - how the gains of green revolution are impacted by climate change, how science will be helpful in ensuring sustainable food security, green revolution to ever-green revolution - a roadmap. 23. An evergreen revolution / Swaminathan, M.S. 24. Agriculture and food systems / Swaminathan, M.S. 25. Managing extreme natural disasters in coastal areas / Kesavan, P.C. and Swaminathan M.S. 26. Ecological security - a prerequisite for food and livelihood security / Swaminathan, M.S. 27. Genetic conservation : microbes to Man. Presidential addres / Swaminathan, M.S. 28. Monsoon management in an era of climate change

Exploring Synergies and Trade offs between Climate Change and the Sustainable Development Goals

Exploring Synergies and Trade offs between Climate Change and the Sustainable Development Goals Book
Author : V. Venkatramanan,Shachi Shah,Ram Prasad
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-11-16
ISBN : 9811573018
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The existential environmental crisis prompted the United Nations to formulate the Millennium Development Goals at the turn of the 21st century in order to embark on an era of sustainable development. The progress and deficiencies in achieving the Millennium Development Goals provided impetus to the intelligentsia and policymakers to map out the pertinent goals for a sustainable growth trajectory for humanity and the planet. The United Nations’ 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which was adopted in September 2015, took the shape of 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and 169 targets. In effect, the 17 Sustainable Development Goals focus on protecting the earth's life support systems for intra- and inter-generational equity and for development that is rooted in sustainability science. Attaining these goals is an uphill task; nevertheless, scientific knowledge, trans and interdisciplinary inquiries, concerted global action and capacity building would provide an enabling environment for achieving the SDGs. This book explores the synergies and trade-offs between climate change management and other SDGs. It highlights the policy imperatives as well as the interrelations between combating climate change and its impacts (SDG 13) and food and nutritional security (SDG 2), water security (SDG 6), soil security (SDG 15), energy security (SDG 7), poverty eradication (SDG 1), gender equality (SDG 5), resilient infrastructure (SDG 9), and sustainable and resilient cities (SDG 11).

The Economic Studies

The Economic Studies Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Economic Studies book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Genomic Designing of Climate Smart Pulse Crops

Genomic Designing of Climate Smart Pulse Crops Book
Author : Chittaranjan Kole
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-05-28
ISBN : 3319969323
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes the concepts, strategies and techniques for pulse-crop improvement in the era of climate change, highlighting the latest advances in plant molecular mapping and genome sequencing. Genetic mapping of genes and QTLs has broadened the scope of marker-assisted breeding and map-based cloning in almost all major pulse crops. Genetic transformation, particularly using alien genes conferring resistance to herbicide, insects and diseases has facilitated the development of a huge number of genetically modified varieties of the major pulse crops. Since the genome sequencing of rice in 2002, genomes of over 7 pulse crops have been sequenced. This has resulted in the possibility of deciphering the exact nucleotide sequence and chromosomal positions of agroeconomic genes. Most importantly, comparative genomics and genotyping-by-sequencing has opened up a new vista for exploring wild crop relatives for identification of useful donor genes.