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Plant Metal Interaction

Plant Metal Interaction Book
Author : Parvaiz Ahmad
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-02-02
ISBN : 0128031832
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant Metal Interaction: Emerging Remediation Techniques covers different heavy metals and their effect on soils and plants, along with the remediation techniques currently available. As cultivable land is declining day-by-day as a result of increased metals in our soil and water, there is an urgent need to remediate these effects. This multi-contributed book is divided into four sections covering the whole of plant metal interactions, including heavy metals, approaches to alleviate heavy metal stress, microbial approaches to remove heavy metals, and phytoremediation. Provides an overview of the effect of different heavy metals on growth, biochemical reactions, and physiology of various plants Serves as a reference guide for available techniques, challenges, and possible solutions in heavy metal remediation Covers sustainable technologies in uptake and removal of heavy metals

Plants and Heavy Metals

Plants and Heavy Metals Book
Author : Antonella Furini
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-04-23
ISBN : 9400744412
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This title focuses on the many aspects of the interaction between plants and heavy metals. Not only it describes the effects of heavy metal toxicity on the plant cell and its organs but it also examines the mechanisms that plants adopt to scavenge heavy metals at cellular, physiological, and metabolic level. Plants and Heavy Metals also analyses Hyperaccumulator plants and shows their potential role in phytoremediation technologies in light of the recent research results.

Salinity heavy Metal Interaction on Metal Uptake by Salt tolerant Plants

Salinity heavy Metal Interaction on Metal Uptake by Salt tolerant Plants Book
Author : Nathalie Farid Khoury
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Two experiments were conducted in an attempt to identify suitable candidates for the remediation of saline metal-polluted environments. Percent germination and speed of germination of the glycophyte H. vulgare and the halophytes P. coronopus and P. oleracea were evaluated at three salinity levels (0, 9, 18 dS/m) and 4 metals (no metal, 2 ppm Cd, 4 ppm Cr and 10 ppm Ni). While Cd and Cr stimulated the germination of P. coronopus at 9 dS/m, all metals decreased the speed of germination of//, vulgare at 18 dS/m. Both P. coronopus and P. oleracea had no germination at 18 dS/m, and their speed of germination decreased with increasing salinity. This was attributed to osmotically induced dormancy, triggered by salinity stress.--The salt-tolerant plants H. vulgare, I. crithmoides, P. coronopus and P. oleracea, were grown in a greenhouse at three salinity levels (0, 9, 18 dS/m) and four metals (no metal, 2 ppm Cd, 4ppm Cr, 10 ppm Ni), to evaluate the combined effects of metal and salinity on plant metal uptake While H. vulgare, I. crithmoides and P. coronopus were tolerant to both salinity and metal, growth of P. oleracea was reduced at 18 dS/m Growth of P. oleracea was also affected by Cd and Ni treatments. Therefore, it appears that tolerance thresholds of P. oleracea for Cd and Ni are below 2 ppm and 10 ppm respectively. Since metals decreased Na accumulation in plants, it might be speculated that metals induce a physiological change at the level of root permeability, thus affecting Na uptake by plants--None of the plants accumulated significant amounts of metals. Metal uptake was affected by salinity as decreases in Cd, Cr and Ni uptake were observed with increasing salinity. The restriction of Na uptake beyond a certain salinity level in the environment might reduce the concurrent uptake of metals such as Cd, Cr and Ni. Consequently, reduced metal uptake occuring with high salinity stress questions the use of salt-tolerant plants for phytoremediation.

Plant Metal Interaction

Plant Metal Interaction Book
Author : Parvaiz Ahmad
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-10-01
ISBN : 9780128031582
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant Metal Interaction: Emerging Remediation Techniques covers different heavy metals and their effect on soils and plants, along with the remediation techniques currently available. As cultivable land is declining day-by-day as a result of increased metals in our soil and water, there is an urgent need to remediate these effects. This multi-contributed book is divided into four sections covering the whole of plant metal interactions, including heavy metals, approaches to alleviate heavy metal stress, microbial approaches to remove heavy metals, and phytoremediation. Provides an overview of the effect of different heavy metals on growth, biochemical reactions, and physiology of various plants Serves as a reference guide for available techniques, challenges, and possible solutions in heavy metal remediation Covers sustainable technologies in uptake and removal of heavy metals

Effect of Heavy Metal Pollution on Plants

Effect of Heavy Metal Pollution on Plants Book
Author : N. W. Lepp
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401173397
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Trace metals occur as natural constituents of the earth's crust, and are ever present constituents of soils, natural waters and living matter. The biological significance of this disparate assemblage of elements has gradually been uncovered during the twentieth century; the resultant picture is one of ever-increasing complexity. Several of these elements have been demonstrated to be essential to the functions of living organisms, others appear to only interact with living matter in a toxic manner, whilst an ever-decreasing number do not fall conveniently into either category. When the interactions between trace metals and plants are considered, one must take full account of the known chemical properties of each element. Consideration must be given to differences in chemical reactivity, solubility and to interactions with other inorganic and organic molecules. A clear understanding of the basic chemical properties of an element of interest is an essential pre-requisite to any subsequent consideration of its biological significance. Due consideration to basic chemical considerations is a theme which runs through the collection of chapters in both volumes.

Heavy Metal Stress in Plants

Heavy Metal Stress in Plants Book
Author : Dharmendra K. Gupta,Francisco J. Corpas,José M. Palma
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-08-04
ISBN : 3642384692
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plants possess a range of potential cellular mechanisms that may be involved in the detoxification of heavy metals and thus tolerance to metal stress. Metal toxicity causes multiple direct and indirect effects in plants that concern practically all physiological functions. The main purpose of this book is to present comprehensive and concise information on recent advances in the field of metal transport and how genetic diversity affects heavy metal transport in plants. Other key futures of the book are related to metal toxicity and detoxification mechanisms, biochemical tools for HM remediation processes, molecular mechanisms for HM detoxification, how metallomics and metalloproteomics are affected by heavy metal stress in plants, and the role of ROS metabolism in the alleviation of heavy metals. Some chapters also focus on recent developments in the field of phytoremediation. Overall the book presents in-depth information and the most essential advances in the field of heavy metal toxicity in plants in recent years.

Heavy Metal Stress in Plants

Heavy Metal Stress in Plants Book
Author : M.N.V. Prasad
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-04-17
ISBN : 3662077434
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Whilst heavy metal phytotoxicity has been known for more than a century, it is astonishing that interest in the effects of heavy metals on organisms has only recently received added attention. Research in the past years, however, has confirmed the immense damage by metal pollution to plants, the soil and ultimately to humans. This completely updated and enlarged second edition gives a state-of-the art review on both field and laboratory work. It deals with the various functional and ecological aspects of heavy metal stress on plants and outlines the scope for future research and the possibilities for remediation.

Plants and the Chemical Elements

Plants and the Chemical Elements Book
Author : Margaret E. Farago
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2008-07-11
ISBN : 3527615903
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How do plants react to elements in the soil? A vital question, particulary in today's world of increasing environmental contamination... The answer can be found in this book. It has an extraordinarily broad basis, compiling up-to-date information from numerous specialist disciplines. Key articles are devoted to - Soil Chemistry and Bioavailability - Metal-tolerant Plants - Metalloenzymes - Toxic Effects of Metals - Radionuclides Moreover emphasis is placed on environmental aspects, with detailed considerations of plants that hyperaccumulate heavy metals and plants that are indicators for pollution. A discussion of experimental techniques rounds off the book. They include sampling, sample preparation, analytical methods and aspects of quality assurance. All in all a valuable forum for the exchange of current thinking across a broad spectrum of disciplines.

Plants and Heavy Metals

Plants and Heavy Metals Book
Author : Antonella Furini
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2012-04-28
ISBN : 9789400744424
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This title focuses on the many aspects of the interaction between plants and heavy metals. Not only it describes the effects of heavy metal toxicity on the plant cell and its organs but it also examines the mechanisms that plants adopt to scavenge heavy metals at cellular, physiological, and metabolic level. Plants and Heavy Metals also analyses Hyperaccumulator plants and shows their potential role in phytoremediation technologies in light of the recent research results.

Handbook of Bioremediation

Handbook of Bioremediation Book
Author : Mirza Hasanuzzaman,Majeti Narasimha Vara Prasad
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-10-18
ISBN : 0128193832
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Bioremediation: Physiological, Molecular and Biotechnological Interventions discusses the mechanisms of responding to inorganic and organic pollutants in the environment using different approaches of phytoremediation and bioremediation. Part One focuses specifically on inorganic pollutants and the use of techniques such as metallothionein-assisted remediation, phytoextraction and genetic manipulation. Part Two covers organic pollutants and consider topics such as plant enzymes, antioxidant defense systems and the remediation mechanisms of different plant species. This comprehensive volume is a must-read for researchers interested in plant science, agriculture, soil science and environmental science. The techniques covered in this book will ensure scientists have the knowledge to practice effective bioremediation techniques themselves. Provides a comprehensive review of the latest advances in bioremediation of organic and inorganic pollutants Discusses a range of different phytoremediation techniques Evaluates the role of genomics and bioinformatics within bioremediation

Poplar Interactions with Zinc for Use in Bioremediation and Monitoring

Poplar Interactions with Zinc for Use in Bioremediation and Monitoring Book
Author : Joshua Pope Adams
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant mechanisms that regulate environmental heavy metal interactions are vital for plant survival. Plants must maintain adequate metal levels while guarding against excesses. With growing interest in bioremediation, several mechanisms involved in heavy metal uptake and sequestration have been identified and studied in hyperaccumulating plants such as Thlaspi caerulescens. These plants accumulate large quantities of metals, but their use in remediation is limited by their small size. On the other hand, the mechanisms in high-biomass, non-hyperaccumulating perennial species such as poplar (Populus spp.) are unknown. The central goal of this project is to delineate specific mechanisms in poplar regulating the heavy metal zinc (Zn) for potential use in bioremediation and real-time monitoring. Specifically, project aims are: 1) Determine the role of HMA4 and PCS1 genes in poplar; 2) Delineate the ZIP gene family including ZIP1 and ZNT1 activity; and 3) Harness fluorescent energy transfer to engineer a poplar tree that monitors Zn-soil contamination. These are addressed using current technologies including phylogenetic analysis, gene transformation, expression assays, promoter-GUS assays, fluorescent-gene imaging, and metal assays. Through these experiments and assays, mechanisms controlling heavy metal interaction are identified and characterized in poplar. Poplar contains a large number of genes in both the ZIP and HMA4 families, but only two members in the PCS family. Poplar also contains several genes that share close sequence and structural homology to those in hyperaccumulators. However, there is an overall divergence from hyperaccumulators in regards to expression across an environmental Zn gradient. Poplar seems to tightly regulate its Zn intake by suppressing absorption avenues when under Zn excess. Over-expression of HMA4 and PCS1 resulted in more tolerance and more accumulation, respectively, in poplar lines. These findings lend support to a regulatory system used in poplar to limit Zn under excess and promote Zn under deficiency. Using ZNT1 and its natural expression gradient, a chimeric protein was created that served as a biosensor in both poplar and Arabidopsis thaliana host plants and was able to discriminate between 1[mu]M and 10mM Zn concentrations. These findings add to the current knowledge of heavy metal regulation and help fill the gap of knowledge currently existing on the regulatory mechanisms that perennial trees use to control heavy metals.

Phosphate in Soils

Phosphate in Soils Book
Author : H. Magdi Selim
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-10-08
ISBN : 148223680X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Edited by One of the Best Specialists in Soil Science Recent studies reveal that Phosphorus (P) in the form of phosphate, a macronutrient essential for plant growth, and crop yields can influence the bioavailability, retention, and mobility of trace elements, metal(loid)s, and radio nuclides in soils. When this occurs, phosphates can affect the dynamics of heavy metals and influence soil characteristics, impacting soil mobility and toxicity. Phosphate in Soils: Interaction with Micronutrients, Radionuclides and Heavy Metals utilizes the latest research to emphasize the role that phosphate plays in enhancing or reducing the mobility of heavy metals in soil, and the soil-water-plant environment. It provides an in-depth understanding of each heavy metal species, and expands on phosphate interactions in geological material. Composed of 12 chapters, this text: Provides an overview of the reactions of metal(loid)s and common P compounds that are used as fertilizer in soils Emphasizes the effect of phosphorus on copper and zinc adsorption in acid soils Discusses findings on the influence of phosphate compounds on speciation, mobility, and bioavailability of heavy metals in soils as well as the role of phosphates on in situ and phytoremediation of heavy metals for contaminated soils Places emphasis on the influence of phosphate on various heavy metals species in soils, and their solubility/mobility and availability Provides extensive information on testing various high phosphate materials for remediation of heavy metal, micronutrients, and radionuclides contaminated sites Explores the reactivity of heavy metals, micronutrients and radionuclides elements in several soils Presents a case study illustrating various remediation efforts of acidic soils and remediation of Cu, Zn, and lead (Pb) contaminated soils around nonferrous industrial plants Emphasizes the significance of common ions (cations and anions) on phosphate mobility and sorption in soils, and more The author includes analytical and numerical solutions along with hands-on applications, and addresses other topics that include the transport and sorption modeling of heavy metals in the presence of phosphate at different scales in the vadose zone.

Plant Microbe Interaction An Approach to Sustainable Agriculture

Plant Microbe Interaction  An Approach to Sustainable Agriculture Book
Author : Devendra K. Choudhary,Ajit Varma,Narendra Tuteja
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-02-08
ISBN : 9811028540
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book addresses current public concern about the adverse effect of agrochemicals and their effect on the agro-ecosystem. This book also aims to satisfy and contribute to the increasing interest in understanding the co-operative activities among microbial populations and their interaction with plants. It contains chapters on a variety of interrelated aspects of plant-microbe interactions with a single theme of stress management and sustainable agriculture. The book will be very useful for students, academicians, researcher working on plant-microbe interaction and also for policy makers involved in food security and sustainable agriculture.

Cellular and Molecular Phytotoxicity of Heavy Metals

Cellular and Molecular Phytotoxicity of Heavy Metals Book
Author : Mohammad Faisal
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-10-22
ISBN : 3030459756
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Cellular and Molecular Phytotoxicity of Heavy Metals book written by Mohammad Faisal, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Phytoremediation

Phytoremediation Book
Author : Abid A. Ansari,Sarvajeet Singh Gill,Ritu Gill,Guy R. Lanza,Lee Newman
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-01-02
ISBN : 3319996517
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text details the plant-assisted remediation method, “phytoremediation”, which involves the interaction of plant roots and associated rhizospheric microorganisms for the remediation of soil contaminated with high levels of metals, metalloids, fuel and oil hydrocarbons, nano particles, pesticides, solvents, organic compounds and various other contaminants. Many chapters highlight and compare the efficiency and economic advantages of phytoremediation and nano-phytoremediation to currently practiced soil and water treatment practices. Volume 6 of Phytoremediation: Management of Environmental Contaminants continues the series. Taken together, the six volumes provide a broad–based global synopsis of the current applications of phytoremediation using plants and the microbial communities associated with their roots to decontaminate terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems.

Advances in Plant Physiology Vol 9

Advances in Plant Physiology  Vol  9  Book
Author : A. Hmantaranjan
Publisher : Scientific Publishers
Release : 2007-01-01
ISBN : 9387913260
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The configuration of Volume 9 of the International Treatise Series has been done absolutely due to commendable contributions from World Scientists of eminence in unambiguous fields. Amazingly, within the time span of nine years, now this treatise has been duly recognized through 151 Web of Knowledge Current Contorts in - the hearts of distinguished readers and has beyond doubt achieved the international status. This programme has been undertaken with a view to reinforce the identical efforts to recognize the outcome of meticulous research in some of the very sensible and stirring areas of Molecular Physiology & Biology of Plants. In order to sustain and further advance Plant Physiology, it is dedicated to continue the originality and the introduction of spanking new ideas, ensure that the treatise welcomes the best science done across the full extent of modern plant biology, in general, and plant physiology., in particular, persevere on advancing the quality of what is published, place high value on the quality of production, and be highly attentive and responsive to the rapidly changing face of academic publishing. In spite of handiness of quick accessibility of vast literature from internet, this treatise series in the field of life sciences has been realized over and above to be like a true guide, friend and philosopher, everlastingly enlightening the most hidden perceptible nerves of an individual worker, which is beyond the competence of mere web service. In Volume 9. with inventive applied research, attempts have been made to bring together much needed twenty review articles by Forty-six contributors from Australia, Belgium, France, Germany, India, Italy and Spain dispersed duly evaluated by the respective Consulting Editors of international stature from India, U.K.:4„ U.S.A., Argentina. Australia, France, Germany, Japan, Spain. Portugal, Israel, and Morocco and rationally disseminated in Nine Sections. Creditably in this volume, over ten important reviews belong to the field of Environmental Stresses besides covering significant areas of research. In reality the treatise is prosperity fir interdisciplinary exchange of information. Apart from fulfilling the firm need of this kind of exclusive edition in different volumes for research teams and scientists engaged in various facets of research in Molecular Physiology and Biology of Plants in traditional and agricultural universities, institutes and research laboratories throughout the world, it would be extremely a constructive book and a voluminous reference material for acquiring advanced knowledge by post-graduate and Ph.D. scholars in response to the innovative courses in Plant Physiology, Plant Biochemistry, Plant Molecular Biology, Plant Biotechnology, Environmental Sciences, Plant Pathology, Microbiology, Soil Science & Agricultural chemistry, Agronomy, Horticulture, and Botany.

Mechanisms of Heavy Metal Sequestration in Soils

Mechanisms of Heavy Metal Sequestration in Soils Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For stabilization of heavy metals at contaminated sites, the three way interaction among soil organic matter (OM)-microbes-plants, and their effect on heavy metal binding is critically important for long-term sustainability, a factor that is poorly understood at the molecular level. Using a soil aging system, the humification of plant matter such as wheat straw was probed along with the effect on microbial community on soil from the former McClellan Air Force Base.

Plant Environment Interaction

Plant Environment Interaction Book
Author : Mohamed Mahgoub Azooz,Parvaiz Ahmad
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-01-26
ISBN : 1119080991
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The increase in global population, urbanization and industrialization is resulting in the conversion of cultivated land into wasteland. Providing food from these limited resources to an ever-increasing population is one of the biggest challenges that present agriculturalists and plant scientists are facing. Environmental stresses make this situation even graver. Plants on which mankind is directly or indirectly dependent exhibit various mechanisms for their survival. Adaptability of the plants to changing environment is a matter of concern for plant biologists trying to reach the goal of food security. Despite the induction of several tolerance mechanisms, sensitive plants often fail to withstand these environmental extremes. Using new technological approaches has become essential and imperative. Plant-Environment Interaction: Responses and Approaches to Mitigate Stress throws light on the changing environment and the sustainability of plants under these conditions. It contains the most up-to-date research and comprehensive detailed discussions in plant physiology, climate change, agronomy and forestry, sometimes from a molecular point of view, to convey in-depth understanding of the effects of environmental stress in plants, their responses to the environment, how to mitigate the negative effects and improve yield under stress. This edited volume is written by expert plant biologists from around the world, providing invaluable knowledge to graduate and undergraduate students in plant biochemistry, food chemistry, plant physiology, molecular biology, plant biotechnology, and environmental sciences. This book updates scientists and researchers with the very latest information and sustainable methods used for stress tolerance, which will also be of considerable interest to plant based companies and institutions concerned with the campaign of food security.

Antioxidants in Plant microbe Interaction

Antioxidants in Plant microbe Interaction Book
Author : Dr. H. B. Singh,Anukool Vaishnav,Riyazali Zafarali Sayyed
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021
ISBN : 9811613508
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edited book is focused on antioxidant compounds and their biosynthesis, up-regulation, mechanism of action for selective bioactivity, targeted role and the advancement of their bioactive potential during plant-microbe interaction and other stress conditions. This book also emphasizes on the role of antioxidants in recruiting beneficial microbes in plant surroundings. Antioxidants have multiple biological roles in plants especially in the signalling pathway. These compounds are secondary metabolites produced besides the primary biosynthetic pathway and are associated with growth and development. Besides they also have special role to play during oxidative stress produced via abiotic stimulants or pathogen attack. This understanding of the biosynthesis, signaling and function of antioxidant compounds in plants during stress condition is helpful in restoring plant ecosystem productivity and improve plant responses to a wide range of stress conditions. This book is a useful compilation for researchers and academicians in botany, plant physiology, plant biochemistry and stress physiology. Also the book serves as reading material for undergraduate and graduate students of environmental sciences, agricultural sciences and other plant science courses.