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Plant Macronutrient Use Efficiency

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Plant Macronutrient Use Efficiency

Plant Macronutrient Use Efficiency Book
Author : Mohammad Anwar Hossain,Takehiro Kamiya,David Burritt,Lam-Son Phan Tran,Toru Fujiwara
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-07-27
ISBN : 0128112948
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant Macronutrient Use Efficiency presents an up-to-date overview of the latest research on the molecular and genetic basis of macro-nutrient use efficiency (NUE) in plants, and strategies that can be used to improve NUE and nutrient-associated stress tolerance in crop plants. Plant NUE is a measure of how efficiently plants use available nutrients and an understanding of plant NUE has the potential to help improve the use of limited natural resources and to help achieve global food security. This book presents information important for the development of crop plants with improved macro-NUE, a prerequisite to reducing production costs, expanding crop production into noncompetitive marginal lands with low nutrient resources, and for helping to prevent environmental contamination. Plant Macronutrient Use Efficiency provides a comprehensive overview of the complex mechanisms regulating macro-NUE in crop plants, which is required if plant breeders are to develop modern crop varieties that are more resilient to nutrient-associated stress. Identification of genes responsible for macro-NUE and nutrient-related stress tolerance in crop plants will help us to understand the molecular mechanisms associated with the responses of crop plants to nutrient stress. This volume contains both fundamental and advanced information, and critical commentaries useful for those in all fields of plant science research. Provides details of molecular and genetic aspects of NUE in crop plants and model plant systems Presents information on major macronutrients, nutrient sensing and signaling, and the molecular and genomic issues associated with primary and secondary macronutrients Delivers information on how molecular genetic information associated with NUE can be used to develop plant breeding programs Includes contributions from world-leading plant nutrition research groups

Plant Micronutrient Use Efficiency

Plant Micronutrient Use Efficiency Book
Author : Mohammad Anwar Hossain,Takehiro Kamiya,David J. Burritt,Lam-Son Phan Tran,Toru Fujiwara
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-03-23
ISBN : 0128122439
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant Micronutrient Use Efficiency: Molecular and Genomic Perspectives in Crop Plants presents information on the complex mechanisms regulating micronutrient use efficiency in plants. Understanding this science is essential for the development of new varieties of crop plants that are more resilient to micronutrient stress, as well as plants with increased bioavailable concentrations of essential micronutrients. This book explores the discovery of novel genes and key metabolic pathways associated with micronutrient use efficiency in plants, gives an analyses of the gene expression patterns in plants in response to low and/or high nutrient levels, and investigates the potential functions of these genes and their products. Strategies to enhance micronutrient use efficiency and stress tolerance, to develop bio-fortified crop, and to improve the sustainable utilization of natural resources are critically evaluated. The book contains both fundamental and advanced information as well as critical commentaries that are useful for those involved in the various fields that make up the plant sciences. Presents in-depth information on mineral nutrition, including coverage of all the major micronutrients Explores the molecular and genetic aspects of micronutrient use efficiency in crop plants Provides information and critical discussion of the latest developments in the micronutrient biofortification of crop plants with an aim to prevent micronutrient deficiencies in humans Includes contributions from experts in plant micronutrient use efficiency and crop biofortification

Nutrient Use Efficiency from Basics to Advances

Nutrient Use Efficiency  from Basics to Advances Book
Author : Amitava Rakshit,Harikesh Bahadur Singh,Avijit Sen
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-12-26
ISBN : 8132221699
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses in detail multifaceted approaches to boosting nutrient use efficiency (NUE) that are modified by plant interactions with environmental variables and combine physiological, microbial, biotechnological and agronomic aspects. Conveying an in-depth understanding of the topic will spark the development of new cultivars and strains to induce NUE, coupled with best management practices that will immensely benefit agricultural systems, safeguarding their soil, water, and air quality. Written by recognized experts in the field, the book is intended to provide students, scientists and policymakers with essential insights into holistic approaches to NUE, as well as an overview of some successful case studies. In the present understanding of agriculture, NUE represents a question of process optimization in response to the increasing fragility of our natural resources base and threats to food grain security across the globe. Further improving nutrient use efficiency is a prerequisite to reducing production costs, expanding crop acreage into non-competitive marginal lands with low nutrient resources, and preventing environmental contamination. The nutrients most commonly limiting plant growth are N, P, K, S and micronutrients like Fe, Zn, B and Mo. NUE depends on the ability to efficiently take up the nutrient from the soil, but also on transport, storage, mobilization, usage within the plant and the environment. A number of approaches can help us to understand NUE as a whole. One involves adopting best crop management practices that take into account root-induced rhizosphere processes, which play a pivotal role in controlling nutrient dynamics in the soil-plant-atmosphere continuum. New technologies, from basic tools like leaf color charts to sophisticated sensor-based systems and laser land leveling, can reduce the dependency on laboratory assistance and manual labor. Another approach concerns the development of crop plants through genetic manipulations that allow them to take up and assimilate nutrients more efficiently, as well as identifying processes of plant responses to nutrient deficiency stress and exploring natural genetic variation. Though only recently introduced, the ability of microbial inoculants to induce NUE is gaining in importance, as the loss, immobilization, release and availability of nutrients are mediated by soil microbial processes.

Plant Nutrition and Food Security in the Era of Climate Change

Plant Nutrition and Food Security in the Era of Climate Change Book
Author : Vinay Kumar,Ashish Kumar Srivastava,Penna Suprasanna
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-09-19
ISBN : 0128230932
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant nutrients are the vital elements essential for plant growth and survival, with key roles in adapting to challenging environments. Each nutrient, whether required in relatively large (macronutrients) or minute concentrations (micronutrients) plays a unique role in plant life cycle. Both the insufficient and surplus concentrations of these nutrients may render negative impacts on plant growth and development and therefore their homeostasis is considered critical for optimal plant growth and yield. Plant Nutrition and Food Security in the Era of Climate Change comprehensively reviews all critical plant nutrients. Chapters include topics such as: biological roles, uptake and transport of vital nutrients in plants; an in-depth review of the roles of potassium, calcium, magnesium and trace element; molecular breeding approaches for enhanced plant nutrients; and exploring the rhizosphere microbiome for enhance nutrient availability. Written by leading experts in the field of plant biology, this is an essential read for researchers and scientists interested in plant science, agronomy, food security and environmental science. A comprehensive review of all the important plant nutrients Discusses plant homeostasis under natural and changing environments Introduces novel approaches and state-of-the-art tool for enhancing the levels of targeted nutrients within plant tissues

The Plant Family Fabaceae

The Plant Family Fabaceae Book
Author : Mirza Hasanuzzaman,Susana Araújo,Sarvajeet Singh Gill
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-08-05
ISBN : 9811547521
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book comprehensively introduces all aspects of the physiology, stress responses and tolerance to abiotic stresses of the Fabaceae plants. Different plant families have been providing food, fodder, fuel, medicine and other basic needs for the human and animal since the ancient time. Among the plant families Fabaceae have special importance for their agri-horticultural importance and multifarious uses apart from the basic needs. Interest in the response of Fabaceae plants toward abiotic stresses is growing considering the economic importance and the special adaptive mechanisms. Recent advances and developments in molecular and biotechnological tools has contributed to ease and wider this mission. This book provides up-to-date findings that will be of greater use for the students and researchers, particularly Plant Physiologists, Environmental Scientists, Biotechnologists, Botanists, Food Scientists and Agronomists, to get the information on the recent advances on this plant family in regard to physiology and stress tolerance.

Forages Volume 2

Forages  Volume 2 Book
Author : Kenneth J. Moore,Michael Collins,C. Jerry Nelson,Daren D. Redfearn
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-06-03
ISBN : 1119436621
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forages: The Science of Grassland Agriculture, 7th Edition, Volume II will extensively evaluate the current knowledge and information on forage agriculture. Chapters written by leading researchers and authorities in grassland agriculture are aggregated under section themes, each one representing a major topic within grassland science and agriculture. This 7th edition will include two new additional chapters covering all aspects of forage physiology in three separate chapters, instead of one in previous editions. Chapters will be updated throughout to include new information that has developed since the last edition. This new edition of the classic reference serves as a comprehensive supplement to An Introduction to Grassland Agriculture, Volume I.

Nutrient Use Efficiency in Plants

Nutrient Use Efficiency in Plants Book
Author : Malcolm J. Hawkesford,Stanislav Kopriva,Luit J. De Kok
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-11-14
ISBN : 331910635X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nutrient Use Efficiency in Plants: Concepts and Approaches is the ninth volume in the Plant Ecophysiology series. It presents a broad overview of topics related to improvement of nutrient use efficiency of crops. Nutrient use efficiency (NUE) is a measure of how well plants use the available mineral nutrients. It can be defined as yield (biomass) per unit input (fertilizer, nutrient content). NUE is a complex trait: it depends on the ability to take up the nutrients from the soil, but also on transport, storage, mobilization, usage within the plant, and even on the environment. NUE is of particular interest as a major target for crop improvement. Improvement of NUE is an essential pre-requisite for expansion of crop production into marginal lands with low nutrient availability but also a way to reduce use of inorganic fertilizer.

Functional Dissection of Calcium Homeostasis and Transport Machinery in Plants

Functional Dissection of Calcium Homeostasis and Transport Machinery in Plants Book
Author : Girdhar K. Pandey
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-10-18
ISBN : 3030585026
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Functional Dissection of Calcium Homeostasis and Transport Machinery in Plants book written by Girdhar K. Pandey, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Essential Plant Nutrients

Essential Plant Nutrients Book
Author : M. Naeem,Abid A. Ansari,Sarvajeet Singh Gill
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-08-31
ISBN : 3319588419
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores the agricultural, commercial, and ecological future of plants in relation to mineral nutrition. It covers various topics regarding the role and importance of mineral nutrition in plants including essentiality, availability, applications, as well as their management and control strategies. Plants and plant products are increasingly important sources for the production of energy, biofuels, and biopolymers in order to replace the use of fossil fuels. The maximum genetic potential of plants can be realized successfully with a balanced mineral nutrients supply. This book explores efficient nutrient management strategies that tackle the over and under use of nutrients, check different kinds of losses from the system, and improve use efficiency of the plants. Applied and basic aspects of ecophysiology, biochemistry, and biotechnology have been adequately incorporated including pharmaceuticals and nutraceuticals, agronomical, breeding and plant protection parameters, propagation and nutrients managements. This book will serve not only as an excellent reference material but also as a practical guide for readers, cultivators, students, botanists, entrepreneurs, and farmers.

Nutrient Use Efficiency in Plants An Integrative Approach

Nutrient Use Efficiency in Plants  An Integrative Approach Book
Author : Guillermo Esteban Santa María,Francisco Rubio,Manuel Nieves-Cordones
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-02-03
ISBN : 2889664465
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Nutrient Use Efficiency in Plants An Integrative Approach book written by Guillermo Esteban Santa María,Francisco Rubio,Manuel Nieves-Cordones, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Calcium Transport Elements in Plants

Calcium Transport Elements in Plants Book
Author : Santosh Kumar Upadhyay
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-01-25
ISBN : 0128217936
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Calcium Transport Elements in Plants discusses the role of calcium in plant development and stress signaling, the mechanism of Ca2+ homeostasis across plant membranes, and the evolution of Ca2+/cation antiporter (CaCA) superfamily proteins. Additional sections cover genome-wide analysis of Annexins and their roles in plants, the roles of calmodulin in abiotic stress responses, calcium transport in relation to plant nutrition/biofortification, and much more. Written by leading experts in the field, this title is an essential resource for students and researchers that need all of the information on calcium transport elements in one place. Calcium transport elements are involved in various structural, physiological and biochemical processes or signal transduction pathways in response to various abiotic and biotic stimuli. Development of high throughput sequencing technology has favored the identification and characterization of numerous gene families in plants in recent years, including the calcium transport elements. Provides a complete compilation of detailed information on Ca2+ efflux and influx transporters in plants Discusses the mode of action of calcium transport elements and their classification Explores the indispensable role of Ca2+ in numerous developmental and stress related pathways

Advances in Agronomy

Advances in Agronomy Book
Author : Donald L. Sparks
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-05
ISBN : 0128207655
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Agronomy, Volume 161, continues to be recognized as a leading reference and first-rate source for the latest research in agronomy. Each volume contains an eclectic group of reviews by leading scientists throughout the world. As always, the subjects covered are rich, varied and exemplary of the abundant subject matter addressed by this long-running serial.

Biostimulants for Crops from Seed Germination to Plant Development

Biostimulants for Crops from Seed Germination to Plant Development Book
Author : Shubhpriya Gupta,Johannes van Staden
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-06-30
ISBN : 0128229969
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biostimulants for crops from seed germination to plant development focuses on the effects and roles of natural biostimulants in every aspect of plant growth development to reduce the use of harmful chemical fertilizers and pesticides. Biostimulants are a group of substances of natural origin that offer a potential to reduce the dependency on harmful chemical fertilizers causing environmental degradation. While there is extensive literature on biostimulants, there remains a gap in understanding how natural biostimulants work and their practical application. This book fills that gap, presenting the ways in which biostimulants enhance seed vigor and plant productivity by looking into their mode of action, an area still being researched for deeper understanding. Exploring the roles of seed germination, pollen tube formation, pollen-pistil interaction, flower and fruit setting, to plant pigments, rhizospheric and soil microorganisms, the book also sheds light on the challenges and realistic opportunities for the use of natural biostimulants. Approaches biostimulant research with the goal of transforming scientific research into practical application Includes real-world examples from laboratory, greenhouse and field experiments Presents the biochemical, physiological and molecular mode of action of biostimulants

Phosphorus Management in Crop Production

Phosphorus Management in Crop Production Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018-05
ISBN : 9781642241556
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sustainable crop production aims at maintaining high crop yield without adversely affecting ecosystems to meet the need of current as well as future generations. In order to meet the increasing world population agricultural production and productivity need to parallel increased. Since phosphorus (P) in agriculture is the second most growth limiting macronutrient after nitrogen, its proper management in soil contributes significantly to sustainable crop production. Despite its importance for normal plant growth and metabolism, P is one of the least accessible nutrients. Phosphorus is a macronutrient that plays a number of important roles in plants, and is fundamental for the efficient use of nitrogen fertilizer. The maximum uptake rate of phosphorus by plants occurs around flowering but its accumulation continues until maturity. Adequate phosphorus results in higher grain production, improved crop quality, greater stalk strength, increased root growth, and earlier crop maturity. For over one hundred years, phosphorus has been applied to crops as fertilizer-first as ground bone and now as some chemical reaction product of ground rock. Yet, for all that experience, its management cannot be taken for granted.Phosphorus Management in Crop Production presents in-depth coverage of soil and climatic factors that affect P availability and diagnostic techniques for P requirements by different crops as well as provide up-to-date information on the function of P in crop plants and methods to identify P use efficient field crops practices that could enhance P use efficiency.Definitive chapters cover sustainable phosphorus management in agriculture, soil order and management practices control soil phosphorus fractions, does balanced phosphorus fertilization sustain high herbage yields and phosphorus contents in alternately grazed and mown pastures, P use efficiency and interactions with other nutrients in crop plants, management of P for optimal crop production and environmental quality, phosphorus cycling in Montreal's food and urban agriculture systems and basic principles and methodology regarding P nutrition in crop plants. This work is a comprehensive guide for students, lecturers, practitioners, food scientists, agricultural extension specialists, private consultants, fertilizer companies, and government agencies that deal with agricultural and environmental issues.

Microbial Services in Restoration Ecology

Microbial Services in Restoration Ecology Book
Author : Jay Shankar Singh,Shobhit Raj Vimal
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-04-21
ISBN : 0128204273
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microbial Services in Restoration Ecology describes the role of microbial resources and their beneficial services in soil fertility and restoration of degraded ecosystems. The role of microbial interactions with crop plants which benefit agricultural productivity is also discussed. The book also includes significant advances in microbial based bio-pesticide production and strategies for high-density bio-inoculant cultivation to improve stress survivability of crop plants. This work provides next-generation molecular technologies for exploring complex microbial secondary metabolites and metabolic regulation in viability of plant–microbe interactions. Describes the role of microbial resources and their beneficial services in soil fertility and restoration of degraded ecosystems Discusses the role of microbial interactions with crop plants and how it benefits of agricultural productivity Includes significant advances in microbial based bio-pesticide production and strategies for high-density bio-inoculant cultivation to improve stress survivability of crop plants provides next-generation molecular technologies for exploring complex microbial secondary metabolites and metabolic regulation in viability of plant–microbe interactions

Seed Endophytes

Seed Endophytes Book
Author : Satish Kumar Verma,James Francis White, Jr
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-04-05
ISBN : 3030105040
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on the importance and roles of seed microbiomes in sustainable agriculture by exploring the diversity of microbes vectored on and within seeds of both cultivated and non-cultivated plants. It provides essential insights into how seeds can be adapted to enhance microbiome vectoring, how damaged seed microbiomes can be assembled again and how seed microbiomes can be conserved. Plant seeds carry not only embryos and nutrients to fuel early seedling growth, but also microbes that modulate development, soil nutrient acquisition, and defense against pathogens and other stressors. Many of these microbes (bacteria and fungi) become endophytic, entering into the tissues of plants, and typically exist within plants without inducing negative effects. Although they have been reported in all plants examined to date, the extent to which plants rely on seed vectored microbiomes to enhance seedling competitiveness and survival is largely unappreciated. How microbes function to increase the fitness of seedlings is also little understood. The book is a unique and important resource for researchers and students in microbial ecology and biotechnology. Further, it appeals to applied academic and industrial agriculturists interested in increasing crop health and yield.

Microbial Metatranscriptomics Belowground

Microbial Metatranscriptomics Belowground Book
Author : Manoj Nath
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-10-18
ISBN : 9811597588
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Microbial Metatranscriptomics Belowground book written by Manoj Nath, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Computational Intelligence in Communications and Business Analytics

Computational Intelligence in Communications and Business Analytics Book
Author : Paramartha Dutta
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-10-18
ISBN : 3030755290
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Computational Intelligence in Communications and Business Analytics book written by Paramartha Dutta, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Advances in Botanical Research

Advances in Botanical Research Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-10-01
ISBN : 0128216972
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Botanical Research: Past, Current and Future Topics, Volume 100 in the Advances in Botanical Research series, celebrates a remarkable achievement as 100 volumes have now been published, with several others being prepared. New chapters in this monumental release include Editorial activities for Advances in Botanical Research, Revisiting ABR editing in the period 2006-2012: An exciting experience with Jean-Claude Kader, A tribute to the scientific contributions of Pierre Gadal and his laboratory, Evolution of Bacterial Phototrophy, Algae for Global Sustainability, Genomics of cyanobacteria: New insights and lessons for shaping our future, An overview of the root-knot-nematode compatible interaction, and more. Celebrates the 100th volume of a series that has covered multiple aspects of plant biology in the last 50 years Includes impressive developments of plant physiology topics and techniques Covers plant genomics, a newly developing section of plant sciences

Handbook of Photosynthesis

Handbook of Photosynthesis Book
Author : Mohammad Pessarakli
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-09-03
ISBN : 1315362538
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since the publication of the previous editions of the Handbook of Photosynthesis, many new ideas on photosynthesis have emerged in the past decade that have drawn the attention of experts and researchers on the subject as well as interest from individuals in other disciplines. Updated to include 37 original chapters and making extensive revisions to the chapters that have been retained, 90% of the material in this edition is entirely new. With contributions from over 100 authors from around the globe, this book covers the most recent important research findings. It details all photosynthetic factors and processes under normal and stressful conditions, explores the relationship between photosynthesis and other plant physiological processes, and relates photosynthesis to plant production and crop yields. The third edition also presents an extensive new section on the molecular aspects of photosynthesis, focusing on photosystems, photosynthetic enzymes, and genes. New chapters on photosynthesis in lower and monocellular plants as well as in higher plants are included in this section. The book also addresses growing concerns about excessive levels and high accumulation rates of carbon dioxide due to industrialization. It considers plant species with the most efficient photosynthetic pathways that can help improve the balance of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Completely overhauled from its bestselling predecessors, the Handbook of Photosynthesis, Third Edition provides a nearly entirely new source on the subject that is both comprehensive and timely. It continues to fill the need for an authoritative and exhaustive resource by assembling a global team of experts to provide thorough coverage of the subject while focusing on finding solutions to relevant contemporary issues related to the field.