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Plant Hazard Analysis And Safety Instrumentation Systems

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Plant Hazard Analysis and Safety Instrumentation Systems

Plant Hazard Analysis and Safety Instrumentation Systems Book
Author : Swapan Basu
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-10-21
ISBN : 0128038217
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant Hazard Analysis and Safety Instrumentation Systems is the first book to combine coverage of these two integral aspects of running a chemical processing plant. It helps engineers from various disciplines learn how various analysis techniques, international standards, and instrumentation and controls provide layers of protection for basic process control systems, and how, as a result, overall system reliability, availability, dependability, and maintainability can be increased. This step-by-step guide takes readers through the development of safety instrumented systems, also including discussions on cost impact, basics of statistics, and reliability. Swapan Basu brings more than 35 years of industrial experience to this book, using practical examples to demonstrate concepts. Basu links between the SIS requirements and process hazard analysis in order to complete SIS lifecycle implementation and covers safety analysis and realization in control systems, with up-to-date descriptions of modern concepts, such as SIL, SIS, and Fault Tolerance to name a few. In addition, the book addresses security issues that are particularly important for the programmable systems in modern plants, and discusses, at length, hazardous atmospheres and their impact on electrical enclosures and the use of IS circuits. Helps the reader identify which hazard analysis method is the most appropriate (covers ALARP, HAZOP, FMEA, LOPA) Provides tactics on how to implement standards, such as IEC 61508/61511 and ANSI/ISA 84 Presents information on how to conduct safety analysis and realization in control systems and safety instrumentation

Practical Industrial Safety Risk Assessment and Shutdown Systems

Practical Industrial Safety  Risk Assessment and Shutdown Systems Book
Author : Dave Macdonald
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2003-11-25
ISBN : 0080473881
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is a book for engineers that covers the hardware and software aspects of high-reliability safety systems, safety instrumentation and shutdown systems as well as risk assessment techniques and the wider spectrum of industrial safety. Rather than another book on the discipline of safety engineering, this is a thoroughly practical guide to the procedures and technology of safety in control and plant engineering. This highly practical book focuses on efficiently implementing and assessing hazard studies, designing and applying international safety practices and techniques, and ensuring high reliability in the safety and emergency shutdown of systems in your plant. This book will provide the reader with the most up-to-date standards for and information on each stage of the safety life cycle from the initial evaluation of hazards through to the detailed engineering and maintenance of safety instrumented systems. It will help them develop the ability to plan hazard and risk assessment studies, then design and implement and operate the safety systems and maintain and evaluate them to ensure high reliability. Finally it will give the reader the knowledge to help prevent the massive devastation and destruction that can be caused by today's highly technical computer controlled industrial environments. * Helps readers develop the ability to plan hazard and risk assessment studies, then design, implement and operate the safety systems and maintain and evaluate them to ensure high reliability * Gives the reader the knowledge to help prevent the massive devastation that can be caused by today's highly technical computer controlled industrial environments * Rather than another book on the discipline of safety engineering, this is a thoroughly practical guide to the procedures and technology of safety in control and plant engineering

Power Plant Instrumentation and Control Handbook

Power Plant Instrumentation and Control Handbook Book
Author : Swapan Basu,Ajay Kumar Debnath
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-06-09
ISBN : 0081028059
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Power Plant Instrumentation and Control Handbook, Second Edition, provides a contemporary resource on the practical monitoring of power plant operation, with a focus on efficiency, reliability, accuracy, cost and safety. It includes comprehensive listings of operating values and ranges of parameters for temperature, pressure, flow and levels of both conventional thermal power plant and combined/cogen plants, supercritical plants and once-through boilers. It is updated to include tables, charts and figures from advanced plants in operation or pilot stage. Practicing engineers, freshers, advanced students and researchers will benefit from discussions on advanced instrumentation with specific reference to thermal power generation and operations. New topics in this updated edition include plant safety lifecycles and safety integrity levels, advanced ultra-supercritical plants with advanced firing systems and associated auxiliaries, integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) and integrated gasification fuel cells (IGFC), advanced control systems, and safety lifecycle and safety integrated systems. Covers systems in use in a wide range of power plants: conventional thermal power plants, combined/cogen plants, supercritical plants, and once through boilers Presents practical design aspects and current trends in instrumentation Discusses why and how to change control strategies when systems are updated/changed Provides instrumentation selection techniques based on operating parameters. Spec sheets are included for each type of instrument Consistent with current professional practice in North America, Europe, and India All-new coverage of Plant safety lifecycles and Safety Integrity Levels Discusses control and instrumentation systems deployed for the next generation of A-USC and IGCC plants

Plant Flow Measurement and Control Handbook

Plant Flow Measurement and Control Handbook Book
Author : Swapan Basu
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-08-22
ISBN : 0128124385
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant Flow Measurement and Control Handbook is a comprehensive reference source for practicing engineers in the field of instrumentation and controls. It covers many practical topics, such as installation, maintenance and potential issues, giving an overview of available techniques, along with recommendations for application. In addition, it covers available flow sensors, such as automation and control. The author brings his 35 years of experience in working in instrumentation and control within the industry to this title with a focus on fluid flow measurement, its importance in plant design and the appropriate control of processes. The book provides a good balance between practical issues and theory and is fully supported with industry case studies and a high level of illustrations to assist learning. It is unique in its coverage of multiphase flow, solid flow, process connection to the plant, flow computation and control. Readers will not only further understand design, but they will also further comprehend integration tactics that can be applied to the plant through a step-by-step design process that goes from installation to operation. Provides specification sheets, engineering drawings, calibration procedures and installation practices for each type of measurement Presents the correct flow meter that is suitable for a particular application Includes a selection table and step-by-step guide to help users make the best decision Cover examples and applications from engineering practice that will aid in understanding and application

Practical Hazops Trips and Alarms

Practical Hazops  Trips and Alarms Book
Author : David Macdonald
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2004-07-16
ISBN : 9780080480190
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Do you have trips and safety interlocks in your plant? Are they good enough or are they perhaps over-designed and much more expensive than necessary? Are you or your company aware of how Hazard Studies should define risk reduction requirements? Are you actually using Hazard Studies at all? The answer is the integrated approach to safety management. New international standards combined with well-proven hazard study methods can improve safety management in your company. Practical Hazops, Trips and Alarms for Engineers and Technicians describes the role of hazard studies in risk management, and then proceeds with basic training in Hazop techniques. A number of practical exercises support the reference information and allow you to test your understanding of the material in the book. This book aims to bridge the discipline gap between hazard studies and the provision of safety-related alarm and trip systems. It provides training in hazard and operability methods (Hazops) and in the principles of safety instrumented systems as defined by international standard IEC 61508. Design an integrated safety management system to increase efficiency and reduce costs Learn how to carry out hazard and operability studies (Hazops) and find out how to convert Hazop outputs into safety requirements specifications Implement safety instrumented systems to the new IEC standards (IEC61508)

Cross Country Pipeline Risk Assessments and Mitigation Strategies

Cross Country Pipeline Risk Assessments and Mitigation Strategies Book
Author : Arafat Aloqaily
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2018-07-12
ISBN : 012816008X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cross Country Pipeline Risk Assessments and Mitigation Strategies describes the process of pipeline risk management and hazard identification, using qualitative risk assessment, consequence modeling/evaluation, pipeline failure rates, and risk calculations, as well as risk mitigation and control strategies. The book evaluates potential causes of pipeline failure in the oil and gas industry based on a wide range of data that cover more than 40 years of operating history. Additionally, it details a consistent approach that allows for proper estimation of potential risk and offers methods for mitigating this potential risk. This approach is then combined with consequence modeling to fully calculate the different forms of risk presented by pipelines. Cross Country Pipeline Risk Assessments and Mitigation Strategies is an essential resource for professionals and experts involved in pipeline design as well as researchers and students studying risk assessment, particularly in relation to pipelines. Offers a practical risk assessment model for pipelines without the need for complicated, expensive software Describes a new and systematic approach for pipeline risk control and mitigation that reflects actual pipeline conditions and operating status Provides examples of all pipeline hazard identification techniques and how they are used to produce consistent results Includes access to a newly developed Excel tool PipeFAIT for assessing pipeline risk

Plant Design and Operations

Plant Design and Operations Book
Author : Ian Sutton
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2014-10-06
ISBN : 0323311474
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant Design and Operations provides practical guidance on the design, operation, and maintenance of process facilities. The book is based on years of hands-on experience gathered during the design and operation of a wide range of facilities in many different types of industry including chemicals, refining, offshore oil and gas, and pipelines. The book helps managers, engineers, operators, and maintenance specialists with advice and guidance that can be used right away in working situations. Each chapter provides information and guidance that can be used immediately. For example, the chapter on Energy Control Procedures describes seven levels of positive isolation — ranging from a closed block valve all the way to double block and bleed with line break. The Safety in Design chapter describes topics such as area classification, fire protection, stairways and platforms, fixed ladders, emergency showers, lighting, and alarms. Other areas covered in detail by the book include security, equipment, and transportation. A logical, practical guide to maintenance task organization is provided, from conducting a Job Hazards Analysis to the issue of a work permit, and to the shutdown and isolation of equipment. Common hazards are covered in detail, including flow problems, high pressure, corrosion, power failure, and many more. Provides information to managers, engineers, operators and maintenance personnel which is immediately applicable to their operations Supported by useful, real-world examples and experience from a wide range of facilities and industries Includes guidance on occupational health and safety, industrial hygiene and personal protective equipment

Plant Intelligent Automation and Digital Transformation

Plant Intelligent Automation and Digital Transformation Book
Author : Swapan Basu
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2022-08-15
ISBN : 9780323902465
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant Intelligent Automation and Digital Transformation is an expansive four volume collection reviewing every major aspect of the intelligent automation and digital transformation of power, process and manufacturing plants, from the specific control and automation systems pertinent to various power process plants through manufacturing and factory automation systems. The first volume, Fundamentals and Functional Details of Control Types introduces the foundations of automation control theory, networking practices and communication for power, process and manufacturing plants considered as integrated digital systems. It discusses Distributed control System (DCS) for Closed loop controls system (CLCS) and PLC based systems for Open loop control systems (OLCS) and factory automation. It provides in-depth guidance on functional and design details pertinent to each of the control types referenced above, as well as installation commissioning of control systems. Introduces foundations of control systems, networking, and industrial data communications for power, process and manufacturing plant automation Reviews core functions, design details and optimized configurations of plant digital control systems Addresses advanced process control for digital control systems, inclusive of software implementations Provides guidance for installation commissioning of control systems in working plants

Instrument Engineers Handbook Volume Three

Instrument Engineers  Handbook  Volume Three Book
Author : Bela G. Liptak
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2002-06-26
ISBN : 143986344X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Instrument Engineers' Handbook, Third Edition: Volume Three: Process Software and Digital Networks provides an in-depth, state-of-the-art review of existing and evolving digital communications and control systems. While the book highlights the transportation of digital information by buses and networks, the total coverage doesn't stop there. It des

Plant Intelligent Automation and Digital Transformation

Plant Intelligent Automation and Digital Transformation Book
Author : Swapan Basu
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-03-01
ISBN : 0323859089
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant Intelligent Automation and Digital Transformation is an expansive four volume collection reviewing every major aspect of the intelligent automation and digital transformation of power, process and manufacturing plants, from the specific control and automation systems pertinent to various power process plants through manufacturing and factory automation systems. The second volume, Control and Monitoring Hardware and Software reviews the key role of management Information systems (MIS), HMI, and alarm systems in plant automation in systemic digitalization. The work covers hardware and software implementations for embedded microcontrollers, FPGA and operator and engineering stations. Chapters address plant life cycle considerations, inclusive of plant hazards and risk analysis. It also discusses industry 4.0 factory automation as a component of digitalization strategies as well as digital transformation of power plants, process plants and manufacturing industries. Reviews supervisory control and data acquisitions (SCADA) systems for real time plant data analysis Provides practitioner perspective on operational implementation, including human machine interface, operator workstation and engineering workstations Covers alarm and alarm management systems, including life cycle considerations Fully covers risk analysis and assessment, including safety life cycle and relevant safety instrumentation

Safety Instrumented Systems

Safety Instrumented Systems Book
Author : Paul Gruhn,Harry Cheddie
Publisher : Isa
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This newly revised best-seller is ideal for instrumentation and control system engineers in the process industries who are responsible for designing, installing, and maintaining safety instrumented systems. Engineers, managers, technicians, and sales professionals employed by end users, engineering firms, systems integrators, and consultants can all benefit from the material presented here.Safety Instrumented Systems: Design, Analysis, and Justification, 2nd Editionaddresses the increased realization that todayÂ's engineering systemsÂ--and the computers used to control themÂ--are capable of large-scale destruction. When even a single accident could be disastrous, the luxury of learning from experience no longer exists. This book is a practical how-to text on the analysis, design, application and installation of safety instrumented systems.

Practical Machinery Safety

Practical Machinery Safety Book
Author : David Macdonald
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2004-07-16
ISBN : 9780080480237
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Practical Machinery Safety aims to provide you with the knowledge to tackle machinery safety control problems at a practical level whilst achieving compliance with national and international standards. The book highlights the major international standards that are used to support compliance with EU regulations and uses these standards as a basis for the design procedures. It looks at the risk assessment processes used to identify hazards and to quantify the risks inherent in a machine. It introduces the concepts of safety categories as defined by standard EN954-1 (Safety of Machinery) and illustrates the principles of failsafe design, fault tolerance and self-testing. It also provides an introduction to machinery protection devices such as guards, enclosures with interlocks and guard-monitoring relays, locking systems, safety mats, photo-electric and electro-sensitive principles and the application of light curtains, a study of Safety Control System techniques, and introduces the principles of safety-certified PLCs. Plan and implement safety systems that deliver a safe working environment and compliance with national and international standards Apply simple risk assessments and hazard design methods to your own projects Identify hazards that occur with machinery and know how to deal with them

Guidelines for Chemical Process Quantitative Risk Analysis

Guidelines for Chemical Process Quantitative Risk Analysis Book
Author : CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2010-08-27
ISBN : 0470935413
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chemical process quantitative risk analysis (CPQRA) as applied to the CPI was first fully described in the first edition of this CCPS Guidelines book. This second edition is packed with information reflecting advances in this evolving methodology, and includes worked examples on a CD-ROM. CPQRA is used to identify incident scenarios and evaluate their risk by defining the probability of failure, the various consequences and the potential impact of those consequences. It is an invaluable methodology to evaluate these when qualitative analysis cannot provide adequate understanding and when more information is needed for risk management. This technique provides a means to evaluate acute hazards and alternative risk reduction strategies, and identify areas for cost-effective risk reduction. There are no simple answers when complex issues are concerned, but CPQRA2 offers a cogent, well-illustrated guide to applying these risk-analysis techniques, particularly to risk control studies. Special Details: Includes CD-ROM with example problems worked using Excel and Quattro Pro. For use with Windows 95, 98, and NT.

High Integrity Systems and Safety Management in Hazardous Industries

High Integrity Systems and Safety Management in Hazardous Industries Book
Author : J.R Thomson
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2015-01-09
ISBN : 0128020342
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is about the engineering management of hazardous industries, such as oil and gas production, hydrocarbon refining, nuclear power and the manufacture of chemicals and pharmaceuticals. Its scope includes an overview of design standards and processes for high integrity systems,safety management processes as applied to hazardous industries and details best practices in design, operations, maintenance and regulation. Selected case studies are used to show how the complex multidisciplinary enterprises to design and operate hazardous plant can sometimes fail. This includes the subtlety and fragility of the robust safety culture that is required. It is aimed at professional engineers who design, build and operate these hazardous plants. This book is also written for business schools and university engineering departments where engineering management is studied. An overview of design standards and processes for high integrity systems An overview of safety management processes as applied to hazardous industries Best practices in design, operations, maintenance and regulation

Safety Instrumented Systems

Safety Instrumented Systems Book
Author : Paul Gruhn,Simon Lucchini
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019
ISBN : 9781523119165
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Safety Instrumented Systems book written by Paul Gruhn,Simon Lucchini, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Industrial Automation

Industrial Automation Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Bookboon
Release : 2022-09-24
ISBN : 8740300048
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Industrial Automation book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Lees Loss Prevention in the Process Industries

Lees  Loss Prevention in the Process Industries Book
Author : Frank Lees
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2012-11-05
ISBN : 0123977827
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Safety in the process industries is critical for those who work with chemicals and hazardous substances or processes. The field of loss prevention is, and continues to be, of supreme importance to countless companies, municipalities and governments around the world, and Lees’ is a detailed reference to defending against hazards. Recognized as the standard work for chemical and process engineering safety professionals, it provides the most complete collection of information on the theory, practice, design elements, equipment, regulations and laws covering the field of process safety. An entire library of alternative books (and cross-referencing systems) would be needed to replace or improve upon it, but everything of importance to safety professionals, engineers and managers can be found in this all-encompassing three volume reference instead. The process safety encyclopedia, trusted worldwide for over 30 years Now available in print and online, to aid searchability and portability Over 3,600 print pages cover the full scope of process safety and loss prevention, compiling theory, practice, standards, legislation, case studies and lessons learned in one resource as opposed to multiple sources

Safety and Security Review for the Process Industries

Safety and Security Review for the Process Industries Book
Author : Dennis P. Nolan
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2011-10-28
ISBN : 1437735193
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Safety and Security Review for the Process Industries: Application of HAZOP, PHA, What-IF and SVA Reviews, Third Edition, describes the responsibilities, methods, and documentation required for the performance of qualitative hazard analysis for industrial and commercial processes, specifically Preliminary Hazard Analysis (PHA), What-If, and Hazard and Operability (HAZOP) reviews. It is a guideline and reference book that explains how the methodology and procedures used for these reviews can be adopted and applied for Security Vulnerability Analysis (SVA) to avoid the major risks that have the potential to severely impact the industry. Organized into 13 chapters, the book relies mainly on practices commonly observed in the petroleum, chemical, and petrochemical industries. It begins with an overview of PHA, What-If, and HAZOP reviews, including their limitations and advantages. It then moves into a discussion of safety reviews that are increasingly used in the process industries: Bow-Tie Analysis (BTA), Layers of Protection Analysis (LOPA), and Safety Integrity Level (SIL). The book looks at review team members, their qualifications and responsibilities, and senior management support and responsibilities for the safety and security of a facility. The reader is also introduced to review procedures and worksheets, review applications, preparation and distribution of the study report, and handling and resolution of recommendations. The book concludes by explaining the estimation of review scheduling and cost. This book will serve as a reminder to members of PHA, What-If, and HAZOP review teams about their duties and responsibilities. Helps you to achieve compliance and avoid disasters: Dennis Nolan combines his extensive personal experience with relevant industry examples to provide the checklists and best-practice guidance needed to negotiate the labyrinth of Hazard Analysis and Safety Review procedures. Keeps your knowledge up-to-date: Coverage of the latest forms of Hazard Analysis and Safety Review, including LOPA and Bowtie Saves time... and money: Demonstrates how each of the typically required reviews is related, so that information and conclusions used on one may be transferred or adapted for another. Also helps you avoid the fines associated with non-compliance, e.g. fines of up to $25k per day imposed by the Department of Homeland Security in the USA for non-compliance with the Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standard (CFATS).

Hazardous Area Classification in Petroleum and Chemical Plants

Hazardous Area Classification in Petroleum and Chemical Plants Book
Author : Alireza Bahadori
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-12-09
ISBN : 1482206463
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Due to an increase in the wide-range of chemicals in petrochemical processing industries, as well as frequency of use, there has been a steady rise in flammability problems and other hazards. Hazardous Area Classification in Petroleum and Chemical Plants: A Guide to Mitigating Risk outlines the necessities of explosion protection in oil, gas and chemical industries, and discusses fire and occupancy hazards, extinguishing methods, hazard identification, and classification of materials. This book addresses these issues and concerns and presents a simple hazard identification system to help offset future problems. It offers information on the hazards of various materials and their level of severity as it relates to fire prevention, exposure, and control. The system provides an alerting signal and on-the-spot information to help protect lives in an industrial plant or storage location during fire emergencies. Understanding the hazard helps to ensure that the process equipment is properly selected, installed, and operated to provide a safe operating system. This text also includes a summary of the rules, methods, and requirements for fighting a fire, introduces various hazard identification systems. • Includes a summary of the rules, methods, and requirements needed to extinguish a fire • Introduces various hazard identification systems • Includes concepts for layout and spacing of equipment in process plants The book serves as resource for plant design engineers as well as plant protection and safety personnel in planning for effective firefighting operations.

Guidelines for Initiating Events and Independent Protection Layers in Layer of Protection Analysis

Guidelines for Initiating Events and Independent Protection Layers in Layer of Protection Analysis Book
Author : CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-02-03
ISBN : 1118948718
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book is a guide for Layers of Protection Analysis (LOPA)practitioners. It explains the onion skin modeland in particular, how it relates to the use of LOPA and the needfor non-safety instrumented independent protection layers. Itprovides specific guidance on Independent Protection Layers (IPLs)that are not Safety Instrumented Systems (SIS). Using theLOPA methodology, companies typically take credit for riskreductions accomplished through non-SIS alternatives; i.e.administrative procedures, equipment design, etc. Itaddresses issues such as how to ensure the effectiveness andmaintain reliability for administrative controls or“inherently safer, passive” concepts. This book will address how the fields of Human ReliabilityAnalysis, Fault Tree Analysis, Inherent Safety, Audits andAssessments, Maintenance, and Emergency Response relate to LOPA andSIS. The book will separate IPL’s into categories such as thefollowing: Inherent Safety eliminates a scenario or fundamentally reduces a hazard Preventive/Proactive prevents initiating event from occurring such as enhancedmaintenance Preventive/Active stops chain of events after initiating event occurs but beforean incident has occurred such as high level in a tank shutting offthe pump. Mitigation (active or passive) minimizes impact once an incident has occurred such as closingblock valves once LEL is detected in the dike (active) or the dikepreventing contamination of groundwater (passive).