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Plant Hazard Analysis and Safety Instrumentation Systems

Plant Hazard Analysis and Safety Instrumentation Systems Book
Author : Swapan Basu
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-10-21
ISBN : 0128038217
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant Hazard Analysis and Safety Instrumentation Systems is the first book to combine coverage of these two integral aspects of running a chemical processing plant. It helps engineers from various disciplines learn how various analysis techniques, international standards, and instrumentation and controls provide layers of protection for basic process control systems, and how, as a result, overall system reliability, availability, dependability, and maintainability can be increased. This step-by-step guide takes readers through the development of safety instrumented systems, also including discussions on cost impact, basics of statistics, and reliability. Swapan Basu brings more than 35 years of industrial experience to this book, using practical examples to demonstrate concepts. Basu links between the SIS requirements and process hazard analysis in order to complete SIS lifecycle implementation and covers safety analysis and realization in control systems, with up-to-date descriptions of modern concepts, such as SIL, SIS, and Fault Tolerance to name a few. In addition, the book addresses security issues that are particularly important for the programmable systems in modern plants, and discusses, at length, hazardous atmospheres and their impact on electrical enclosures and the use of IS circuits. Helps the reader identify which hazard analysis method is the most appropriate (covers ALARP, HAZOP, FMEA, LOPA) Provides tactics on how to implement standards, such as IEC 61508/61511 and ANSI/ISA 84 Presents information on how to conduct safety analysis and realization in control systems and safety instrumentation

Plant Hazard Analysis and Safety Instrumentation Systems

Plant Hazard Analysis and Safety Instrumentation Systems Book
Author : Swapan Basu
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-11-01
ISBN : 9780128037638
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Plant Hazard Analysis and Safety Instrumentation Systems" is the first book to combine coverage of these two integral aspects of running a chemical processing plant. It helps engineers from various disciplines learn how various analysis techniques, international standards, and instrumentation and controls provide layers of protection for basic process control systems, and how, as a result, overall system reliability, availability, dependability, and maintainability can be increased. This step-by-step guide takes readers through the development of safety instrumented systems, also including discussions on cost impact, basics of statistics, and reliability. Swapan Basu brings more than 35 years of industrial experience to this book, using practical examples to demonstrate concepts. Basu links between the SIS requirements and process hazard analysis in order to complete SIS lifecycle implementation and covers safety analysis and realization in control systems, with up-to-date descriptions of modern concepts, such as SIL, SIS, and Fault Tolerance to name a few. In addition, the book addresses security issues that are particularly important for the programmable systems in modern plants, and discusses, at length, hazardous atmospheres and their impact on electrical enclosures and the use of IS circuits. Helps the reader identify which hazard analysis method is the most appropriate (covers ALARP, HAZOP, FMEA, LOPA)Provides tactics on how to implement standards, such as IEC 61508/61511 and ANSI/ISA 84Presents information on how to conduct safety analysis and realization in control systems and safety instrumentation

Power Plant Instrumentation and Control Handbook

Power Plant Instrumentation and Control Handbook Book
Author : Swapan Basu,Ajay Kumar Debnath
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-06-09
ISBN : 0081028059
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Power Plant Instrumentation and Control Handbook, Second Edition, provides a contemporary resource on the practical monitoring of power plant operation, with a focus on efficiency, reliability, accuracy, cost and safety. It includes comprehensive listings of operating values and ranges of parameters for temperature, pressure, flow and levels of both conventional thermal power plant and combined/cogen plants, supercritical plants and once-through boilers. It is updated to include tables, charts and figures from advanced plants in operation or pilot stage. Practicing engineers, freshers, advanced students and researchers will benefit from discussions on advanced instrumentation with specific reference to thermal power generation and operations. New topics in this updated edition include plant safety lifecycles and safety integrity levels, advanced ultra-supercritical plants with advanced firing systems and associated auxiliaries, integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) and integrated gasification fuel cells (IGFC), advanced control systems, and safety lifecycle and safety integrated systems. Covers systems in use in a wide range of power plants: conventional thermal power plants, combined/cogen plants, supercritical plants, and once through boilers Presents practical design aspects and current trends in instrumentation Discusses why and how to change control strategies when systems are updated/changed Provides instrumentation selection techniques based on operating parameters. Spec sheets are included for each type of instrument Consistent with current professional practice in North America, Europe, and India All-new coverage of Plant safety lifecycles and Safety Integrity Levels Discusses control and instrumentation systems deployed for the next generation of A-USC and IGCC plants

Plant Flow Measurement and Control Handbook

Plant Flow Measurement and Control Handbook Book
Author : Swapan Basu
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-08-22
ISBN : 0128124385
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant Flow Measurement and Control Handbook is a comprehensive reference source for practicing engineers in the field of instrumentation and controls. It covers many practical topics, such as installation, maintenance and potential issues, giving an overview of available techniques, along with recommendations for application. In addition, it covers available flow sensors, such as automation and control. The author brings his 35 years of experience in working in instrumentation and control within the industry to this title with a focus on fluid flow measurement, its importance in plant design and the appropriate control of processes. The book provides a good balance between practical issues and theory and is fully supported with industry case studies and a high level of illustrations to assist learning. It is unique in its coverage of multiphase flow, solid flow, process connection to the plant, flow computation and control. Readers will not only further understand design, but they will also further comprehend integration tactics that can be applied to the plant through a step-by-step design process that goes from installation to operation. Provides specification sheets, engineering drawings, calibration procedures and installation practices for each type of measurement Presents the correct flow meter that is suitable for a particular application Includes a selection table and step-by-step guide to help users make the best decision Cover examples and applications from engineering practice that will aid in understanding and application

Plant Intelligent Automation and Digital Transformation

Plant Intelligent Automation and Digital Transformation Book
Author : Swapan Basu
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-03-15
ISBN : 9780128244579
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant Intelligent Automation and Digital Transformation is an expansive four volume collection reviewing every major aspect of the intelligent automation and digital transformation of power, process and manufacturing plants, from the specific control and automation systems pertinent to various power process plants through manufacturing and factory automation systems. The second volume, Control and Monitoring Hardware and Software reviews the key role of management Information systems (MIS), HMI, and alarm systems in plant automation in systemic digitalization. The work covers hardware and software implementations for embedded microcontrollers, FPGA and operator and engineering stations. Chapters address plant life cycle considerations, inclusive of plant hazards and risk analysis. It also discusses industry 4.0 factory automation as a component of digitalization strategies as well as digital transformation of power plants, process plants and manufacturing industries. Reviews supervisory control and data acquisitions (SCADA) systems for real time plant data analysis Provides practitioner perspective on operational implementation, including human machine interface, operator workstation and engineering workstations Covers alarm and alarm management systems, including life cycle considerations Fully covers risk analysis and assessment, including safety life cycle and relevant safety instrumentation

Plant Intelligent Automation and Digital Transformation

Plant Intelligent Automation and Digital Transformation Book
Author : Swapan Basu
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2022-01-01
ISBN : 0323902472
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant Intelligent Automation and Digital Transformation is an expansive four volume collection reviewing every major aspect of the intelligent automation and digital transformation of power, process and manufacturing plants, from the specific control and automation systems pertinent to various power process plants through manufacturing and factory automation systems. The first volume, Fundamentals and Functional Details of Control Types introduces the foundations of automation control theory, networking practices and communication for power, process and manufacturing plants considered as integrated digital systems. It discusses Distributed control System (DCS) for Closed loop controls system (CLCS) and PLC based systems for Open loop control systems (OLCS) and factory automation. It provides in-depth guidance on functional and design details pertinent to each of the control types referenced above, as well as installation commissioning of control systems. Introduces foundations of control systems, networking, and industrial data communications for power, process and manufacturing plant automation. Reviews core functions, design details and optimized configurations of plant digital control systems. Addresses advanced process control for digital control systems, inclusive of software implementations. Provides guidance for installation commissioning of control systems in working plants.

Plant Flow Measurement and Control Handbook

Plant Flow Measurement and Control Handbook Book
Author : Swapan Basu
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-08
ISBN : 9780128124376
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant Flow Measurement and Control Handbook is a comprehensive reference source for practicing engineers in the field of instrumentation and controls. It covers many practical topics, such as installation, maintenance and potential issues, giving an overview of available techniques, along with recommendations for application. In addition, it covers available flow sensors, such as automation and control. The author brings his 35 years of experience in working in instrumentation and control within the industry to this title with a focus on fluid flow measurement, its importance in plant design and the appropriate control of processes. The book provides a good balance between practical issues and theory and is fully supported with industry case studies and a high level of illustrations to assist learning. It is unique in its coverage of multiphase flow, solid flow, process connection to the plant, flow computation and control. Readers will not only further understand design, but they will also further comprehend integration tactics that can be applied to the plant through a step-by-step design process that goes from installation to operation. Provides specification sheets, engineering drawings, calibration procedures and installation practices for each type of measurement Presents the correct flow meter that is suitable for a particular application Includes a selection table and step-by-step guide to help users make the best decision Cover examples and applications from engineering practice that will aid in understanding and application

Practical Industrial Safety Risk Assessment and Shutdown Systems

Practical Industrial Safety  Risk Assessment and Shutdown Systems Book
Author : Dave Macdonald
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2003-11-25
ISBN : 9780080473888
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is a book for engineers that covers the hardware and software aspects of high-reliability safety systems, safety instrumentation and shutdown systems as well as risk assessment techniques and the wider spectrum of industrial safety. Rather than another book on the discipline of safety engineering, this is a thoroughly practical guide to the procedures and technology of safety in control and plant engineering. This highly practical book focuses on efficiently implementing and assessing hazard studies, designing and applying international safety practices and techniques, and ensuring high reliability in the safety and emergency shutdown of systems in your plant. This book will provide the reader with the most up-to-date standards for and information on each stage of the safety life cycle from the initial evaluation of hazards through to the detailed engineering and maintenance of safety instrumented systems. It will help them develop the ability to plan hazard and risk assessment studies, then design and implement and operate the safety systems and maintain and evaluate them to ensure high reliability. Finally it will give the reader the knowledge to help prevent the massive devastation and destruction that can be caused by today's highly technical computer controlled industrial environments. * Helps readers develop the ability to plan hazard and risk assessment studies, then design, implement and operate the safety systems and maintain and evaluate them to ensure high reliability * Gives the reader the knowledge to help prevent the massive devastation that can be caused by today's highly technical computer controlled industrial environments * Rather than another book on the discipline of safety engineering, this is a thoroughly practical guide to the procedures and technology of safety in control and plant engineering

Cross Country Pipeline Risk Assessments and Mitigation Strategies

Cross Country Pipeline Risk Assessments and Mitigation Strategies Book
Author : Arafat Aloqaily
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2018-07-12
ISBN : 012816008X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cross Country Pipeline Risk Assessments and Mitigation Strategies describes the process of pipeline risk management and hazard identification, using qualitative risk assessment, consequence modeling/evaluation, pipeline failure rates, and risk calculations, as well as risk mitigation and control strategies. The book evaluates potential causes of pipeline failure in the oil and gas industry based on a wide range of data that cover more than 40 years of operating history. Additionally, it details a consistent approach that allows for proper estimation of potential risk and offers methods for mitigating this potential risk. This approach is then combined with consequence modeling to fully calculate the different forms of risk presented by pipelines. Cross Country Pipeline Risk Assessments and Mitigation Strategies is an essential resource for professionals and experts involved in pipeline design as well as researchers and students studying risk assessment, particularly in relation to pipelines. Offers a practical risk assessment model for pipelines without the need for complicated, expensive software Describes a new and systematic approach for pipeline risk control and mitigation that reflects actual pipeline conditions and operating status Provides examples of all pipeline hazard identification techniques and how they are used to produce consistent results Includes access to a newly developed Excel tool PipeFAIT for assessing pipeline risk

Win Win A Manager s Guide to Functional Safety

Win Win  A Manager s Guide to Functional Safety Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : exida
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0972723471
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Win Win A Manager s Guide to Functional Safety book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Power Plant Instrumentation and Control Handbook

Power Plant Instrumentation and Control Handbook Book
Author : Swapan Basu,Ajay Debnath
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-04
ISBN : 9780081028049
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Power Plant Instrumentation and Control Handbook, Second Edition provides a contemporary resource on the practical monitoring of power plant operation, with a focus on efficiency, reliability, accuracy, cost and safety. It includes comprehensive listings of operating values and ranges of parameters for temperature, pressure, flow and levels of both conventional thermal power plant and combined/cogen plants, supercritical plants and once-through boilers. It is updated to include tables, charts and figures from advanced plants in operation or pilot stage. Practicing engineers, freshers, advanced students and researchers will benefit from discussions on advanced instrumentation with specific reference to thermal power generation and operations. New topics in this updated edition include plant safety lifecycles and safety integrity levels, advanced ultra-supercritical plants with advanced firing systems and associated auxiliaries, integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) and integrated gasification fuel cells (IGFC), advanced control systems, and safety lifecycle and safety integrated systems. Covers systems in use in a wide range of power plants: conventional thermal power plants, combined/cogen plants, supercritical plants, and once through boilers Presents practical design aspects and current trends in instrumentation Discusses why and how to change control strategies when systems are updated/changed Provides instrumentation selection techniques based on operating parameters. Spec sheets are included for each type of instrument Consistent with current professional practice in North America, Europe, and India All-new coverage of Plant safety lifecycles and Safety Integrity Levels Discusses control and instrumentation systems deployed for the next generation of A-USC and IGCC plants

Nuclear Power Plants Innovative Technologies for Instrumentation and Control Systems

Nuclear Power Plants  Innovative Technologies for Instrumentation and Control Systems Book
Author : Yang Xu,Feng Gao,Weihua Chen,Zheming Liu,Pengfei Gu
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-12-12
ISBN : 981107416X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book gathers selected papers from the Second International Symposium on Software Reliability, Industrial Safety, Cyber Security and Physical Protection of Nuclear Power Plant, held in Chengdu, China on August 23–25, 2017. The symposium provided a platform of technical exchange and experience sharing for a broad range of experts, scholars and nuclear power practitioners. The book reflects the state of the art and latest trends in nuclear instrumentation and control system technologies, as well as China’s growing influence in this area. It offers a valuable resource for both practitioners and academics working in the field of nuclear instrumentation, control systems and other safety-critical systems, as well as nuclear power plant managers, public officials and regulatory authorities.

Practical Hazops Trips and Alarms

Practical Hazops  Trips and Alarms Book
Author : David Macdonald
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2004-07-16
ISBN : 9780080480190
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Do you have trips and safety interlocks in your plant? Are they good enough or are they perhaps over-designed and much more expensive than necessary? Are you or your company aware of how Hazard Studies should define risk reduction requirements? Are you actually using Hazard Studies at all? The answer is the integrated approach to safety management. New international standards combined with well-proven hazard study methods can improve safety management in your company. Practical Hazops, Trips and Alarms for Engineers and Technicians describes the role of hazard studies in risk management, and then proceeds with basic training in Hazop techniques. A number of practical exercises support the reference information and allow you to test your understanding of the material in the book. This book aims to bridge the discipline gap between hazard studies and the provision of safety-related alarm and trip systems. It provides training in hazard and operability methods (Hazops) and in the principles of safety instrumented systems as defined by international standard IEC 61508. Design an integrated safety management system to increase efficiency and reduce costs Learn how to carry out hazard and operability studies (Hazops) and find out how to convert Hazop outputs into safety requirements specifications Implement safety instrumented systems to the new IEC standards (IEC61508)

International Conference and Workshop on Risk Analysis in Process Safety

International Conference and Workshop on Risk Analysis in Process Safety Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Amer Inst of Chemical Engineers
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Comprises papers from a conference, held in October 1997, and co-sponsored by the US Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA), UK Health and Safety Executive, and European Federation of Chemical Engineering. The text concentrates on the current state of risk assessment as perceived from a broad selection of industry and regulatory viewpoints, and introduces discussion of the recent USEPA Risk Management Program interpretation tools.

Instrument Engineers Handbook Third Edition Volume Three

Instrument Engineers  Handbook  Third Edition  Volume Three Book
Author : Bela G. Liptak
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2002-06-26
ISBN : 9781439863442
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Instrument Engineers' Handbook, Third Edition: Volume Three: Process Software and Digital Networks provides an in-depth, state-of-the-art review of existing and evolving digital communications and control systems. While the book highlights the transportation of digital information by buses and networks, the total coverage doesn't stop there. It describes a variety of process-control software packages suited for plant optimization, maintenance, and safety related applications. In addition, topics include plant design and modernization, safety and operations related logic systems, and the design of integrated workstations and control centers. The book concludes with an appendix providing practical information such as bidders lists and addresses, steam tables, materials selection for corrosive services, and much more. If you buy the three-volume set of the Instrument Engineers Handbook, you will have everything a process control engineer or instrumentation technician needs. If you buy this volume, you will have at your fingertips all the software and digital network related information that is needed by I&C engineers. It will be the resource you reach for over and over again.

Power Plant Instrumentation and Control Handbook

Power Plant Instrumentation and Control Handbook Book
Author : Swapan Basu,Ajay Kumar Debnath
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-06-22
ISBN : 0128195045
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Power Plant Instrumentation and Control Handbook, Second Edition, provides a contemporary resource on the practical monitoring of power plant operation, with a focus on efficiency, reliability, accuracy, cost and safety. It includes comprehensive listings of operating values and ranges of parameters for temperature, pressure, flow and levels of both conventional thermal power plant and combined/cogen plants, supercritical plants and once-through boilers. It is updated to include tables, charts and figures from advanced plants in operation or pilot stage. Practicing engineers, freshers, advanced students and researchers will benefit from discussions on advanced instrumentation with specific reference to thermal power generation and operations. New topics in this updated edition include plant safety lifecycles and safety integrity levels, advanced ultra-supercritical plants with advanced firing systems and associated auxiliaries, integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) and integrated gasification fuel cells (IGFC), advanced control systems, and safety lifecycle and safety integrated systems. Covers systems in use in a wide range of power plants: conventional thermal power plants, combined/cogen plants, supercritical plants, and once through boilers Presents practical design aspects and current trends in instrumentation Discusses why and how to change control strategies when systems are updated/changed Provides instrumentation selection techniques based on operating parameters. Spec sheets are included for each type of instrument Consistent with current professional practice in North America, Europe, and India All-new coverage of Plant safety lifecycles and Safety Integrity Levels Discusses control and instrumentation systems deployed for the next generation of A-USC and IGCC plants

The Safety Critical Systems Handbook

The Safety Critical Systems Handbook Book
Author : David J. Smith,Kenneth G. L. Simpson
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2020-01-15
ISBN : 0128202599
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Safety Critical Systems Handbook: A Straightforward Guide to Functional Safety: IEC 61508 (2010 Edition), IEC 61511 (2015 Edition) and Related Guidance, Fifth Edition presents the latest guidance on safety-related systems that guard workers and the public against injury and death, also discussing environmental risks. This comprehensive resource has been fully revised, with additional material on risk assessment, cybersecurity, COMAH and HAZID, published guidance documents/standards, quantified risk assessment and new worked examples. The book provides a comprehensive guide to the revised IEC 61508 standard as well as the 2016 IEC 61511. This book will have a wide readership, not only in the chemical and process industries, but in oil and gas, power generation, avionics, automotive, manufacturing and other sectors. It is aimed at most engineers, including those in project, control and instrumentation, design and maintenance disciplines. Provides the only comprehensive guide to IEC 61508 and 61511 (updated for 2016) that ensures engineers are compliant with the latest process safety systems design and operation standards Presents a real-world approach that helps users interpret the standard, with new case studies and best practice design examples using revised standards Covers applications of the standard to device design

Bow Tie Industrial Risk Management Across Sectors

Bow Tie Industrial Risk Management Across Sectors Book
Author : Luca Fiorentini
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-05-19
ISBN : 1119523672
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

BOW-TIE INDUSTRIAL RISK MANAGEMENT ACROSS SECTORS Explore an approachable but rigorous treatment of systematic barrier-based approaches to risk management and failure analysis In Bow-Tie Industrial Risk Management Across Sectors: A Barrier-Based Approach, accomplished researcher and author Luca Fiorentini delivers a practical guide to risk management tools, with a particular emphasis on a systematic barrier-based approach called “bow-tie.” The book includes discussions of two barrier-based methods, Bow-Tie and Layers of Protection Analysis (LOPA), for risk assessment, and one barrier-based method for incident analysis, Barrier Failure Analysis (BFA). The author also describes a traditional method–Root Cause Analysis–and three quantitative methods–FMEA/FMECA, Fault Tree (FTA), and Event Tree (ETA) with a discussion about their link with barriers. Written from the ground up to be in full compliance with recent ISO 31000 standards on enterprise risk management, and containing several case studies and examples from a variety of industries, Bow-Tie Industrial Risk Management Across Sectors also contains discussions of international standards dealing with common risks faced by organizations, including occupational health and safety, industrial safety, functional safety, environmental, quality, business continuity, asset integrity, and information security. Readers will also benefit from the inclusion of: A thorough introduction to the Bow-Tie method, including its practical application in risk management workflow from ISO 31000, the history of Bow-Tie, related methods, and the application of Bow-Tie in qualitative and quantitative ways An exploration of Barrier Failure Analysis, including events, timelines, barriers, causation paths, and multi-level causes A practical discussion of how to build a Barrier Failure Analysis, including fact finding, event chaining, identifying barriers, assessing barrier states, causation analysis, and recommendations A concise treatment of Bow-Tie construction workflow, including a step-by-step guide Perfect for engineers and other professionals working in risk management, Bow-Tie Industrial Risk Management Across Sectors: A Barrier-Based Approach will also earn a place in the libraries of advanced undergraduate and graduate students studying risk management and seeking a one-stop reference on the “bow-tie” approach and barrier-based methods.

Guidelines for Chemical Process Quantitative Risk Analysis

Guidelines for Chemical Process Quantitative Risk Analysis Book
Author : CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2010-08-27
ISBN : 0470935413
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chemical process quantitative risk analysis (CPQRA) as applied to the CPI was first fully described in the first edition of this CCPS Guidelines book. This second edition is packed with information reflecting advances in this evolving methodology, and includes worked examples on a CD-ROM. CPQRA is used to identify incident scenarios and evaluate their risk by defining the probability of failure, the various consequences and the potential impact of those consequences. It is an invaluable methodology to evaluate these when qualitative analysis cannot provide adequate understanding and when more information is needed for risk management. This technique provides a means to evaluate acute hazards and alternative risk reduction strategies, and identify areas for cost-effective risk reduction. There are no simple answers when complex issues are concerned, but CPQRA2 offers a cogent, well-illustrated guide to applying these risk-analysis techniques, particularly to risk control studies. Special Details: Includes CD-ROM with example problems worked using Excel and Quattro Pro. For use with Windows 95, 98, and NT.

Guidelines for Initiating Events and Independent Protection Layers in Layer of Protection Analysis

Guidelines for Initiating Events and Independent Protection Layers in Layer of Protection Analysis Book
Author : CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-12-31
ISBN : 0470343850
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book is a guide for Layers of Protection Analysis (LOPA) practitioners. It explains the onion skin model and in particular, how it relates to the use of LOPA and the need for non-safety instrumented independent protection layers. It provides specific guidance on Independent Protection Layers (IPLs) that are not Safety Instrumented Systems (SIS). Using the LOPA methodology, companies typically take credit for risk reductions accomplished through non-SIS alternatives; i.e. administrative procedures, equipment design, etc. It addresses issues such as how to ensure the effectiveness and maintain reliability for administrative controls or “inherently safer, passive” concepts. This book will address how the fields of Human Reliability Analysis, Fault Tree Analysis, Inherent Safety, Audits and Assessments, Maintenance, and Emergency Response relate to LOPA and SIS. The book will separate IPL’s into categories such as the following: Inherent Safety eliminates a scenario or fundamentally reduces a hazard Preventive/Proactive prevents initiating event from occurring such as enhanced maintenance Preventive/Active stops chain of events after initiating event occurs but before an incident has occurred such as high level in a tank shutting off the pump. Mitigation (active or passive) minimizes impact once an incident has occurred such as closing block valves once LEL is detected in the dike (active) or the dike preventing contamination of groundwater (passive).