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Plant Disturbance Ecology

Plant Disturbance Ecology Book
Author : Edward A. Johnson,Kiyoko Miyanishi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-07-20
ISBN : 9780080492957
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The media coverage of natural disasters (hurricanes, fires, floods, ice storms, etc.) indicates the prevalence of natural disasters in most, if not all, ecosystems. In order for scientists to study, understand, and ultimately predict how these disturbances affect ecosystems, it is necessary for them to know more about the physical processes involved in these disturbances and to learn how to couple these processes to the ecological systems. Essential for all ecologists, forest researchers, and conservation biologists, this book includes chapters on the disturbance processes, how the disturbance causes necrosis or death to individuals, and their effects on population or community processes. In Plant Disturbance Ecology, physical scientists who study disturbances provide an introduction to the physical disturbance processes, while ecologists relate this information to the way the vegetation responds to the disturbances. This reference is also key for all researchers hydrology, geomorphology, and environmental management. Includes coverage on six different disturbance processes: Wind, Gravity, Geomorphic, Hydrologic, Combustion, and Biotic Provides a clear explanation of how some of the physical processes of disturbance affect plant ecological processes Offers ecologists an up-to-date understanding of the physical processes and allows them to predict future affects of disturbances Unites two related fields by linking the disturbance processes and ecological responses Presents physical scientists with ideas of how they might usefully apply their knowledge to advance understanding of ecological systems

Plant Disturbance Ecology

Plant Disturbance Ecology Book
Author : Edward A. Johnson,Kiyoko Miyanishi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-10-21
ISBN : 0128188146
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Disturbance ecology continues to be an active area of research, having undergone advances in many areas in recent years. One emerging direction is the increased coupling of physical and ecological processes, in which disturbances are increasingly traced back to mechanisms that cause the disturbances themselves, such as earth surface processes, mesoscale, and larger meteorological processes, and the ecological effects of interest are increasingly physiological. Plant Disturbance Ecology, 2nd Edition encourages movement away from the informal, conceptual approach traditionally used in defining natural disturbances and clearly presents how scientists can use a multitude of approaches in plant disturbance ecology. This edition includes nine revised chapters from the first edition, as well new, more comprehensive chapters on fire disturbance and beaver disturbance. Edited by leading experts in the field, Plant Disturbance Ecology, 2nd Edition is an essential resource for scientists interested in understanding plant disturbance and ecological processes. Advances understanding of natural disturbances by combining geophysical and ecological processes Provides a framework for collaboration between geophysical scientists and ecologists studying natural disturbances Includes fully updated research with 5 new chapters and revision of 11 chapters from the first edition

The Biology of Disturbed Habitats

The Biology of Disturbed Habitats Book
Author : Lawrence R. Walker
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0199575290
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Providing a global summary of the biology of disturbance ecology, this text offers both the conceptual underpinnings and practical advice required to comprehend and address the unprecedented environmental challenges facing humans. It examines both natural and anthropogenic disturbances in aquatic and terrestrial habitats.

Invasive Plant Ecology

Invasive Plant Ecology Book
Author : Shibu Jose,Harminder Pal Singh,Daizy Rani Batish,Ravinder Kumar Kohli
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-01-09
ISBN : 143988126X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Invasion of non-native plant species, which has a significant impact on the earth’s ecosystems, has greatly increased in recent years due to expanding trade and transport among different countries. Understanding the ecological principles underlying the invasive process as well as the characteristics of the invasive plants is crucial for making good management decisions to address this problem. Invasive Plant Ecology includes chapters derived from presentations at conferences such as the World Congress of the International Union of Forestry Research Organizations (IUFRO), as well as contributions from invited renowned authors. The chapters include both original research and syntheses of current knowledge on specific topics. Actions essential for coordinated approaches to curtail plant invasion include increasing awareness of the ecological impacts of alien plants and employing novel control strategies. This book provides a foundation in invasion ecology by examining ecological theories and case studies that explain plant invasions, their impacts, management strategies, and the ecological economics. The chapters describe ecological characteristics, mutualistic associations, microbial communities, and disturbance regimes that affect the spread of invasive plants. The book also covers spatial analysis and predictive modeling of invasive plants. The final chapters offer guidelines for ecological management and restoration of invaded areas and describe the economics of the invasive plant issue. This collection contains case studies from around the world, giving readers a real view of the extent of the invasive species issue along with real-world strategies. With its focus on the ecological aspects of plant invasion, this book provides an important reference for students, scientists, professionals, and policy makers who are involved in the study and management of alien invasive plants and ecosystems.

Landscape Disturbance and Biodiversity in Mediterranean Type Ecosystems

Landscape Disturbance and Biodiversity in Mediterranean Type Ecosystems Book
Author : Philip W. Rundel,Gloria Montenegro,Fabian M. Jaksic
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-04-17
ISBN : 366203543X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human impact on natural landscapes through urbanization and agricultural expansion are becoming more and more dramatic and are the cause of serious environmental problems. This volume examines the effect of landscape disturbance on plant and animal diversity in the five mediterranean-climate regions of the world. It begins with three introductory chapters broadly reviewing the issues of landscape degradation. Further contributions describe regional land use conflicts in each of the five regions. Landscape disturbance and plant diversity, and landscape disturbance and animal diversity are treated in separate chapters. Four contributions deal with demography and ecophysiology in vegetation succession following disturbance. The volume closes with a consideration of the future addressing aspects of environmental politics.

Vegetation Ecology

Vegetation Ecology Book
Author : Eddy van der Maarel,Janet Franklin
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-10-24
ISBN : 1118452488
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Additional resources for this book can be found at: ahref="http://www.wiley.com/go/vandermaarelfranklin/vegetationecology"www.wiley.com/go/vandermaarelfranklin/vegetationecology/a. Vegetation Ecology, 2nd Edition is a comprehensive,integrated account of plant communities and their environments.Written by leading experts in their field from four continents, thesecond edition of this book: covers the composition, structure, ecology, dynamics,diversity, biotic interactions and distribution of plantcommunities, with an emphasis on functional adaptations; reviews modern developments in vegetation ecology in ahistorical perspective; presents a coherent view on vegetation ecology whileintegrating population ecology, dispersal biology, soilbiology, ecosystem ecology and global change studies; tackles applied aspects of vegetation ecology, includingmanagement of communities and invasive species; includes new chapters addressing the classification and mappingof vegetation, and the significance of plant functional types Vegetation Ecology, 2nd Edition is aimed at advancedundergraduates, graduates and researchers and teachers in plantecology, geography, forestry and nature conservation. VegetationEcology takes an integrated, multidisciplinary approach and will bewelcomed as an essential reference for plant ecologists the worldover.

The Ecology of Natural Disturbance and Patch Dynamics

The Ecology of Natural Disturbance and Patch Dynamics Book
Author : Steward T.A. Pickett,P. S. White
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 0080504957
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ecologists are aware of the importance of natural dynamics in ecosystems. Historically, the focus has been on the development in succession of equilibrium communities, which has generated an understanding of the composition and functioning of ecosystems. Recently, many have focused on the processes of disturbances and the evolutionary significance of such events. This shifted emphasis has inspired studies in diverse systems. The phrase "patch dynamics" (Thompson, 1978) describes their common focus. The Ecology of Natural Disturbance and Patch Dynamics brings together the findings and ideas of those studying varied systems, presenting a synthesis of diverse individual contributions.

An Introduction to Disturbance Ecology

An Introduction to Disturbance Ecology Book
Author : Corrado Battisti,Gianluca Poeta,Giuliano Fanelli
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-07-19
ISBN : 3319324764
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book represents an introductory review of disturbance ecology and threat analysis, providing schematic concepts and approaches useful for work on sites that are affected by the impact of human actions. It is aimed at conservation and environmental practitioners, who will find tips for choosing methods and approaches when there are conflicts between the natural components and human activity. It is also addressed to students of applied ecology, ecosystem management, land-use planning and environmental impact assessment. It discusses a number of topics covered in the programs of many university courses related to basic ecology and ecology of disturbance, the latter constituting a field of great interest because of its implications and repercussions in applied territorial science. The book is divided into two parts: the first focuses on the theoretical and disciplinary framework of the ecology of disturbance, while the second is devoted to the analysis of anthropogenic threats. This, in particular, discusses the most recent approach, which uses a conventional nomenclature to allow a coarse-grained quantification and objective assessment of threat impact on different environmental components. Such an approach facilitates the comparison of hierarchically different events and, therefore, helps define the priorities for management and conservation strategies.

Just Call Me Mom

Just Call Me Mom  Book
Author : Mary Tatem
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1994
ISBN : 9780875095516
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A survey of 500 men and women across America showed that mothers with grown children long for meaningful family contacts and newlyweds desire to establish separate family identities. By combining God's wisdom and down-to-earth common sense, this book helps to blend these desires.

Effects of Logging Disturbance on Understory Plant Communities in Temperate Forests

Effects of Logging Disturbance on Understory Plant Communities in Temperate Forests Book
Author : Daniel Ray DeJoode
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Effects of Logging Disturbance on Understory Plant Communities in Temperate Forests book written by Daniel Ray DeJoode, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Forest Ecology

Forest Ecology Book
Author : Arnold van der Valk
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-08-02
ISBN : 9048127955
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume provides an overview of recent advances in forest ecology on a variety of topics, including species diversity and the factors that control species diversity, environmental factors controlling distribution of forests, impacts of disturbances on forests (fires, drought, hurricane), reproduction ecology of both trees and understory species, and spatial organization of forests. Previously published in Plant Ecology, Volume 201, No.1, 2009.

Comparative Plant Succession Among Terrestrial Biomes of the World

Comparative Plant Succession Among Terrestrial Biomes of the World Book
Author : Karel Prach,Lawrence R. Walker
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2020-03-31
ISBN : 1108472761
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Provides a comparative approach to plant succession among all terrestrial biomes and disturbances, helping to reveal generalizable patterns.

Ecology and Control of Introduced Plants

Ecology and Control of Introduced Plants Book
Author : Judith L. Myers,Barnabas Lindars,Judith H. Myers,Dawn Bazely
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2003-05-15
ISBN : 9780521357784
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Table of contents

Plant Ecology

Plant Ecology Book
Author : J. Phil Gibson,Terri R. Gibson
Publisher : Infobase Publishing
Release : 2006
ISBN : 1438107021
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Explores the interrelationships between plants and humans, and provides a look at the natural processes that create, build, and sustain life.

Disturbance Ecology and Biological Diversity

Disturbance Ecology and Biological Diversity Book
Author : Erik A. Beever,Inger Suzanne Prange,Dominick A. DellaSala
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-10-30
ISBN : 0429530498
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents cascading effects of ecological disturbances on a multitude of ecosystem components. It includes agricultural development, large infrequent disturbances, forest harvesting, non-native grazing in deserts, ground transportation, powerline corridors, fires, urban ecology, disturbance in aquatic ecosystems, land-use dynamics on diversity, habitat fragmentation, sedimentation of wetlands, and contemporary climate change. The book facilitates users in understanding why disturbances are occurring while recommending mitigation and remediation strategies.

Invasive Plant Ecology in Natural and Agricultural Systems

Invasive Plant Ecology in Natural and Agricultural Systems Book
Author : Barbara Diane Booth,Stephen D. Murphy,Clarence J. Swanton
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2010
ISBN : 1845936051
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

`As an undergraduate text [the book] does a superb job of traversing the wide expanse of ecology. Several chapters should be key components of any course on understanding weed ecology.' Biological Invasions --

Disturbance in Grasslands

Disturbance in Grasslands Book
Author : J. van Andel,Jan P. Bakker,R.W. Snaydon
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9400940556
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume is the result of a Symposium, held in October, 1985, to celebrate the Silver Jubilee of the De partment of Plant Ecology of the University of Groningen. The Department of Plant Ecology was founded by Professor Dingeman Bakker and has, since its incep tion, been involved with studies of grasslands, and especially with the effects of human interference on grassland communities. It has been especially involved in an almost unique enterprise to convert areas of grassland from intensive agricultural production to nature reserves. With over-production of most food commodities in the EEC, and increasing interest in various types of 'set aside' schemes, this initiative now seems to be remarkably prescient. The Netherlands have a long history of human manipulation of the environment. Indeed, the Dutch en vironment is probably more man-made than that of any other country. In view of this, and the Laborato ry's interest in managed grasslands, it is not surprising that 'Disturbance in Grasslands' was selected as the topic for the Laboratory's Jubilee Symposium. Although both the Symposium and the resulting vo lume, have a strong Dutch component, the organisers invited a number of contributors from Europe and elsewhere to provide key chapters. The result is a volume which covers many aspects of disturbance in a variety of grasslands. Disturbance is considered at both the community and the population level, and the principles and processes underlying those responses are explored.

Wetland Plants

Wetland Plants Book
Author : Julie K. Cronk,M. Siobhan Fennessy
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-04-19
ISBN : 1420032925
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A detailed account of the biology and ecology of vascular wetland plants and their applications in wetland plant science, Wetland Plants: Biology and Ecology presents a synthesis of wetland plant studies and reviews from biology, physiology, evolution, genetics, community and population ecology, environmental science, and engineering. It provides a thorough discussion of the range of wetland plants adaptations to conditions such as life in water or saturated soils, high salt or high sulfur, as well as low light and low carbon dioxide levels. The authors include the latest research on the development of plant communities in newly restored or created wetlands and on the use of wetland plants as indicators of ecological integrity and of wetland boundaries. Over 140 figures, including over 70 original photographs, allow you to visualize the concepts, 40 tables give you easy access to definitions and data, and international examples provide you with a broad base of information. The growing consensus in wetlands literature and research suggests that methods are needed to assess the ecological health or integrity of wetlands, to set goals for wetland restoration, and to track the status and trends of wetlands. Wetland plants are emerging as important indicators, and becoming an important part of this research. Wetland Plants: Biology and Ecology contains up-to-date information on this increasingly important area in wetlands technology.

Fern Ecology

Fern Ecology Book
Author : Klaus Mehltreter,Lawrence R. Walker,Joanne M. Sharpe
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2010-06-03
ISBN : 113948768X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ferns are an integral part of the world's flora, appreciated for their beauty as ornamentals, problematic as invaders and endangered by human interference. They often dominate forest understories but also colonize open areas, invade waterways and survive in nutrient-poor wastelands and eroded pastures. Presented here is the first comprehensive summary of fern ecology, with worldwide examples from Siberia to the islands of Hawaii. Topics include a brief history of the ecological study of ferns, a global survey of fern biogeography, fern population dynamics, the role of ferns in ecosystem nutrient cycles, their adaptations to xeric environments and future directions in fern ecology. Fully illustrated concepts and processes provide a framework for future research and utilization of ferns for graduate students and professionals in ecology, conservation and land management.

Plant Physiological Ecology

Plant Physiological Ecology Book
Author : Hans Lambers,F Stuart Chapin III,Thijs L. Pons
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-10-08
ISBN : 9780387783413
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Box 9E. 1 Continued FIGURE 2. The C–S–R triangle model (Grime 1979). The strategies at the three corners are C, competiti- winning species; S, stress-tolerating s- cies; R,ruderalspecies. Particular species can engage in any mixture of these three primary strategies, and the m- ture is described by their position within the triangle. comment briefly on some other dimensions that Grime’s (1977) triangle (Fig. 2) (see also Sects. 6. 1 are not yet so well understood. and 6. 3 of Chapter 7 on growth and allocation) is a two-dimensional scheme. A C—S axis (Com- tition-winning species to Stress-tolerating spe- Leaf Economics Spectrum cies) reflects adaptation to favorable vs. unfavorable sites for plant growth, and an R- Five traits that are coordinated across species are axis (Ruderal species) reflects adaptation to leaf mass per area (LMA), leaf life-span, leaf N disturbance. concentration, and potential photosynthesis and dark respiration on a mass basis. In the five-trait Trait-Dimensions space,79%ofallvariation worldwideliesalonga single main axis (Fig. 33 of Chapter 2A on photo- A recent trend in plant strategy thinking has synthesis; Wright et al. 2004). Species with low been trait-dimensions, that is, spectra of varia- LMA tend to have short leaf life-spans, high leaf tion with respect to measurable traits. Compared nutrient concentrations, and high potential rates of mass-based photosynthesis. These species with category schemes, such as Raunkiaer’s, trait occur at the ‘‘quick-return’’ end of the leaf e- dimensions have the merit of capturing cont- nomics spectrum.