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Plant Disturbance Ecology

Plant Disturbance Ecology Book
Author : Edward A. Johnson,Kiyoko Miyanishi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-10-30
ISBN : 0128188146
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant Disturbance Ecology: The Process and the Response, Second Edition, is fully updated and clearly presents how scientists can use a multitude of approaches in plant disturbance ecology. Chapters on fire and beavers from the previous edition were combined into more extensive and inclusive chapters covering disturbance. There are new chapters on windstorms, droughts, and tree uprooting. All chapters from the first edition have been updated to include the latest research. Edited and written by leading experts in the field, this second edition is an essential resource for scientists interested in understanding plant disturbance and ecological processes. Disturbance ecology is still an active area of research and there have been many advances in new areas. One emerging direction in disturbance studies is the increased coupling of physical and ecological processes, and not just their forcing. Disturbances are increasingly traced back further in space and time to mechanisms that are causing the disturbances themselves (e.g., earth surface processes and mesoscale and larger meteorological processes), and the ecological effects being studied are becoming more physiological. Advances understanding of natural disturbances by combining geophysical and ecological processes Provides a framework for collaboration between geophysical scientists and ecologists studying natural disturbances Offers a fully updated second edition with five new chapters and revisions of 11 chapters from the first edition

The Ecology of Natural Disturbance and Patch Dynamics

The Ecology of Natural Disturbance and Patch Dynamics Book
Author : Steward T.A. Pickett,P. S. White
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 0080504957
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ecologists are aware of the importance of natural dynamics in ecosystems. Historically, the focus has been on the development in succession of equilibrium communities, which has generated an understanding of the composition and functioning of ecosystems. Recently, many have focused on the processes of disturbances and the evolutionary significance of such events. This shifted emphasis has inspired studies in diverse systems. The phrase "patch dynamics" (Thompson, 1978) describes their common focus. The Ecology of Natural Disturbance and Patch Dynamics brings together the findings and ideas of those studying varied systems, presenting a synthesis of diverse individual contributions.

Invasive Plant Ecology

Invasive Plant Ecology Book
Author : Shibu Jose,Harminder Pal Singh,Daizy Rani Batish,Ravinder Kumar Kohli
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-01-09
ISBN : 143988126X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Invasion of non-native plant species, which has a significant impact on the earth’s ecosystems, has greatly increased in recent years due to expanding trade and transport among different countries. Understanding the ecological principles underlying the invasive process as well as the characteristics of the invasive plants is crucial for making good management decisions to address this problem. Invasive Plant Ecology includes chapters derived from presentations at conferences such as the World Congress of the International Union of Forestry Research Organizations (IUFRO), as well as contributions from invited renowned authors. The chapters include both original research and syntheses of current knowledge on specific topics. Actions essential for coordinated approaches to curtail plant invasion include increasing awareness of the ecological impacts of alien plants and employing novel control strategies. This book provides a foundation in invasion ecology by examining ecological theories and case studies that explain plant invasions, their impacts, management strategies, and the ecological economics. The chapters describe ecological characteristics, mutualistic associations, microbial communities, and disturbance regimes that affect the spread of invasive plants. The book also covers spatial analysis and predictive modeling of invasive plants. The final chapters offer guidelines for ecological management and restoration of invaded areas and describe the economics of the invasive plant issue. This collection contains case studies from around the world, giving readers a real view of the extent of the invasive species issue along with real-world strategies. With its focus on the ecological aspects of plant invasion, this book provides an important reference for students, scientists, professionals, and policy makers who are involved in the study and management of alien invasive plants and ecosystems.

Forest Ecology

Forest Ecology Book
Author : Arnold van der Valk
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-08-02
ISBN : 9048127955
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume provides an overview of recent advances in forest ecology on a variety of topics, including species diversity and the factors that control species diversity, environmental factors controlling distribution of forests, impacts of disturbances on forests (fires, drought, hurricane), reproduction ecology of both trees and understory species, and spatial organization of forests. Previously published in Plant Ecology, Volume 201, No.1, 2009.

Ecology and Control of Introduced Plants

Ecology and Control of Introduced Plants Book
Author : Judith L. Myers,Barnabas Lindars,Judith H. Myers,Dawn Bazely
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2003-05-15
ISBN : 9780521357784
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Table of contents

Ecosystems of Disturbed Ground

Ecosystems of Disturbed Ground Book
Author : L.R. Walker
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1999-12-17
ISBN : 9780080550848
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As the human population inexorably grows, its cumulative impact on the Earth's resources is hard to ignore. The ability of the Earth to support more humans is dependent on the ability of humans to manage natural resources wisely. Because disturbance alters resource levels, effective management requires understanding of the ecology of disturbance. This book is the first to take a global approach to the description of both natural and anthropogenic disturbance regimes that physically impact the ground. Natural disturbances such as erosion, volcanoes, wind, herbivory, flooding and drought plus anthropogenic disturbances such as foresty, grazing, mining, urbanization and military actions are considered. Both disturbance impacts and the biotic recovery are addressed as well as the interactions of different types of disturbance. Other chapters cover processes that are important to the understanding of disturbance of all types including soil processes, nutrient cycles, primary productivity, succession, animal behaviour and competition. Humans react to disturbances by avoiding, exacerbating, or restoring them or by passing environmental legislation. All of these issues are covered in this book. Managers need better predictive models and robust data-collections that help determine both site-specfic and generalized responses to disturbance. Multiple disturbances have a complex effect on both physical and biotic processes as they interact. This book provides a wealth of detail about the process of disturbance and recovery as well as a synthesis of the current state of knowledge about disturbance theory, with extensive documentation.

Forest Fires

Forest Fires Book
Author : Edward A. Johnson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2001-03-01
ISBN : 9780080506746
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Even before the myth of Prometheus, fire played a crucial ecological role around the world. Numerous plant communities depend on fire to generate species diversity in both time and space. Without fire such ecosystems would become sterile monocultures. Recent efforts to prohibit fire in fire dependent communities have contributed to more intense and more damaging fires. For these reasons, foresters, ecologists, land managers, geographers, and environmental scientists are interested in the behavior and ecological effects of fires. This book will be the first to focus on the chemistry and physics of fire as it relates to the ways in which fire behaves and the impacts it has on ecosystem function. Leading international contributors have been recruited by the editors to prepare a didactic text/reference that will appeal to both advanced students and practicing professionals.

Vegetation Ecology

Vegetation Ecology Book
Author : Eddy van der Maarel,Janet Franklin
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-10-24
ISBN : 1118452488
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Additional resources for this book can be found at: ahref="http://www.wiley.com/go/vandermaarelfranklin/vegetationecology"www.wiley.com/go/vandermaarelfranklin/vegetationecology/a. Vegetation Ecology, 2nd Edition is a comprehensive,integrated account of plant communities and their environments.Written by leading experts in their field from four continents, thesecond edition of this book: covers the composition, structure, ecology, dynamics,diversity, biotic interactions and distribution of plantcommunities, with an emphasis on functional adaptations; reviews modern developments in vegetation ecology in ahistorical perspective; presents a coherent view on vegetation ecology whileintegrating population ecology, dispersal biology, soilbiology, ecosystem ecology and global change studies; tackles applied aspects of vegetation ecology, includingmanagement of communities and invasive species; includes new chapters addressing the classification and mappingof vegetation, and the significance of plant functional types Vegetation Ecology, 2nd Edition is aimed at advancedundergraduates, graduates and researchers and teachers in plantecology, geography, forestry and nature conservation. VegetationEcology takes an integrated, multidisciplinary approach and will bewelcomed as an essential reference for plant ecologists the worldover.

An Introduction to Disturbance Ecology

An Introduction to Disturbance Ecology Book
Author : Corrado Battisti,Gianluca Poeta,Giuliano Fanelli
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-07-19
ISBN : 3319324764
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book represents an introductory review of disturbance ecology and threat analysis, providing schematic concepts and approaches useful for work on sites that are affected by the impact of human actions. It is aimed at conservation and environmental practitioners, who will find tips for choosing methods and approaches when there are conflicts between the natural components and human activity. It is also addressed to students of applied ecology, ecosystem management, land-use planning and environmental impact assessment. It discusses a number of topics covered in the programs of many university courses related to basic ecology and ecology of disturbance, the latter constituting a field of great interest because of its implications and repercussions in applied territorial science. The book is divided into two parts: the first focuses on the theoretical and disciplinary framework of the ecology of disturbance, while the second is devoted to the analysis of anthropogenic threats. This, in particular, discusses the most recent approach, which uses a conventional nomenclature to allow a coarse-grained quantification and objective assessment of threat impact on different environmental components. Such an approach facilitates the comparison of hierarchically different events and, therefore, helps define the priorities for management and conservation strategies.

Plant Succession

Plant Succession Book
Author : D.C. Glenn-Lewin,R.K. Peet,T.T. Veblen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1992-11-30
ISBN : 9780412269004
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

'Succession' is the term used to describe the phenomenon of changes in vegetational types in both time and space. The subject of the colonization and exploitation of 'new' areas by plants is a key one in ecology and this book summarizes the theoretical arguments currently raging about the topic.

Comparative Plant Succession Among Terrestrial Biomes of the World

Comparative Plant Succession Among Terrestrial Biomes of the World Book
Author : Karel Prach,Lawrence R. Walker
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2020-03-31
ISBN : 1108472761
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Provides a comparative approach to plant succession among all terrestrial biomes and disturbances, helping to reveal generalizable patterns.

Grasses and Grassland Ecology

Grasses and Grassland Ecology Book
Author : David J. Gibson
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2009
ISBN : 019852918X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Grasses and Grassland Ecology provides an ecologically orientated introduction to this influential group of plants, summarizing the most recent scientific research in ecology and agriculture in the context of the older, classic literature. Ten chapters cover the morphology, anatomy, physiology and systematics of grasses, their population, community and ecosystem ecology, their global distribution, and the effects of disturbanceand grassland management.

Wetland Ecology

Wetland Ecology Book
Author : Paul A. Keddy,Keddy Paul a
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2000-09-28
ISBN : 9780521783675
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A unique general overview of wetland ecology which is comprehensive in its coverage of habitat type and geographic region.

Biodiversity Structure and Function Volume II

Biodiversity   Structure and Function   Volume II Book
Author : Wilhelm Barthlott,K. Eduard Linsenmair,Stefan Porembski
Publisher : EOLSS Publications
Release : 2009-08-19
ISBN : 1905839359
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biodiversity: Structure and Function is a component of Encyclopedia of Environmental and Ecological Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The Theme on Biodiversity: Structure and Function discusses matters of great relevance to our world such as: Characterization of Biodiversity; Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning; Spatial and Temporal Dimensions of Biodiversity Dynamics; Evolutionary and Genetic Aspects of Biodiversity; Biodiversity Monitoring, Assessment, Data Management, and Indicators; The Value of Biodiversity; Halting Biodiversity Loss: Fundamentals and Latest Trends of Conservation Science and Action; Application of Ecological Knowledge to Habitat Restoration. These two volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.

Methods in Comparative Plant Population Ecology

Methods in Comparative Plant Population Ecology Book
Author : David Gibson
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2014-10-16
ISBN : 0191651230
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The field of plant population ecology has advanced considerably in the last decade since the first edition was published. In particular there have been substantial and ongoing advances in statistics and modelling applications in population ecology, as well as an explosion of new techniques reflecting the availability of new technologies (e.g. affordable and accurate Global Positioning Systems) and advances in molecular biology. This new edition has been updated and revised with more recent examples replacing older ones where appropriate. The book's trademark question-driven approach has been maintained and some important topics such as the metapopulation concept which are missing entirely from the current edition are now included throughout the text.

Fern Ecology

Fern Ecology Book
Author : Klaus Mehltreter,Lawrence R. Walker,Joanne M. Sharpe
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2010-06-03
ISBN : 113948768X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ferns are an integral part of the world's flora, appreciated for their beauty as ornamentals, problematic as invaders and endangered by human interference. They often dominate forest understories but also colonize open areas, invade waterways and survive in nutrient-poor wastelands and eroded pastures. Presented here is the first comprehensive summary of fern ecology, with worldwide examples from Siberia to the islands of Hawaii. Topics include a brief history of the ecological study of ferns, a global survey of fern biogeography, fern population dynamics, the role of ferns in ecosystem nutrient cycles, their adaptations to xeric environments and future directions in fern ecology. Fully illustrated concepts and processes provide a framework for future research and utilization of ferns for graduate students and professionals in ecology, conservation and land management.

Plant Physiological Ecology

Plant Physiological Ecology Book
Author : Hans Lambers,F Stuart Chapin III,Thijs L. Pons
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-10-08
ISBN : 9780387783413
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Box 9E. 1 Continued FIGURE 2. The C–S–R triangle model (Grime 1979). The strategies at the three corners are C, competiti- winning species; S, stress-tolerating s- cies; R,ruderalspecies. Particular species can engage in any mixture of these three primary strategies, and the m- ture is described by their position within the triangle. comment briefly on some other dimensions that Grime’s (1977) triangle (Fig. 2) (see also Sects. 6. 1 are not yet so well understood. and 6. 3 of Chapter 7 on growth and allocation) is a two-dimensional scheme. A C—S axis (Com- tition-winning species to Stress-tolerating spe- Leaf Economics Spectrum cies) reflects adaptation to favorable vs. unfavorable sites for plant growth, and an R- Five traits that are coordinated across species are axis (Ruderal species) reflects adaptation to leaf mass per area (LMA), leaf life-span, leaf N disturbance. concentration, and potential photosynthesis and dark respiration on a mass basis. In the five-trait Trait-Dimensions space,79%ofallvariation worldwideliesalonga single main axis (Fig. 33 of Chapter 2A on photo- A recent trend in plant strategy thinking has synthesis; Wright et al. 2004). Species with low been trait-dimensions, that is, spectra of varia- LMA tend to have short leaf life-spans, high leaf tion with respect to measurable traits. Compared nutrient concentrations, and high potential rates of mass-based photosynthesis. These species with category schemes, such as Raunkiaer’s, trait occur at the ‘‘quick-return’’ end of the leaf e- dimensions have the merit of capturing cont- nomics spectrum.

Forest Ecosystems

Forest Ecosystems Book
Author : David A. Perry
Publisher : JHU Press
Release : 1994
ISBN : 9780801849879
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Fresh, exciting, and more comprehensive than many other texts. Perry introduces a whole new view of forest ecosystems. This will challenge, stimulate, and redefine current understanding and management." -- Michael Amaranthus, U.S. Forest Service

Disturbance Ecology and Biological Diversity

Disturbance Ecology and Biological Diversity Book
Author : Erik A. Beever,Suzanne Prange,Dominick A. DellaSala
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-11-07
ISBN : 9781482298710
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This book presents cascading effects of ecological disturbances on a multitude of ecosystem components. It includes agricultural development, large infrequent disturbances, forest harvesting, non-native grazing in deserts, ground transportation, powerline corridors, fires, urban ecology, disturbance in aquatic ecosystems, land-use dynamics on diversity, habitat fragmentation, sedimentation of wetlands, and contemporary climate change. The book facilitates users in understanding why disturbances are occurring while recommending mitigation and remediation strategies."--