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Principles of Plant Genetics and Breeding

Principles of Plant Genetics and Breeding Book
Author : George Acquaah
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-09-28
ISBN : 1119626692
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The revised edition of the bestselling textbook, covering both classical and molecular plant breeding Principles of Plant Genetics and Breeding integrates theory and practice to provide an insightful examination of the fundamental principles and advanced techniques of modern plant breeding. Combining both classical and molecular tools, this comprehensive textbook describes the multidisciplinary strategies used to produce new varieties of crops and plants, particularly in response to the increasing demands to of growing populations. Illustrated chapters cover a wide range of topics, including plant reproductive systems, germplasm for breeding, molecular breeding, the common objectives of plant breeders, marketing and societal issues, and more. Now in its third edition, this essential textbook contains extensively revised content that reflects recent advances and current practices. Substantial updates have been made to its molecular genetics and breeding sections, including discussions of new breeding techniques such as zinc finger nuclease, oligonucleotide directed mutagenesis, RNA-dependent DNA methylation, reverse breeding, genome editing, and others. A new table enables efficient comparison of an expanded list of molecular markers, including Allozyme, RFLPs, RAPD, SSR, ISSR, DAMD, AFLP, SNPs and ESTs. Also, new and updated “Industry Highlights” sections provide examples of the practical application of plant breeding methods to real-world problems. This new edition: Organizes topics to reflect the stages of an actual breeding project Incorporates the most recent technologies in the field, such as CRSPR genome edition and grafting on GM stock Includes numerous illustrations and end-of-chapter self-assessment questions, key references, suggested readings, and links to relevant websites Features a companion website containing additional artwork and instructor resources Principles of Plant Genetics and Breeding offers researchers and professionals an invaluable resource and remains the ideal textbook for advanced undergraduates and graduates in plant science, particularly those studying plant breeding, biotechnology, and genetics.

Hybrid

Hybrid Book
Author : Noel Kingsbury
Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Release : 2011-11-15
ISBN : 0226437132
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Noel Kingsbury reveals that even those imaginary perfect foods are themselves far from anything that could properly be called natural, rather, they represent the end of a millennia-long history of selective breeding and hybridization. Starting his story at the birth of agriculture, Kingsbury traces the history of human attempts to make plants more reliable, productive, and nutritiousa story that owes as much to accident and error as to innovation and experiment. Drawing on historical and scientific accounts, as well as a rich trove of anecdotes, Kingsbury shows how scientists, amateur breeders, and countless anonymous farmers and gardeners slowly caused the evolutionary pressures of nature to be supplanted by those of human needs and thus led us from sparse wild grasses to succulent corn cobs, and from mealy, white wild carrots to the juicy vegetables we enjoy today. At the same time, Kingsbury reminds us that contemporary controversies over the Green Revolution and genetically modified crops are not new, plant breeding has always had a political dimension."--Publisher's description.

Principles of Plant Breeding

Principles of Plant Breeding Book
Author : Robert W. Allard
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 1999-05-10
ISBN : 9780471023098
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As ancient as agriculture itself, plant breeding is one of civilization\'s oldest activities. Today, world food production is more dependent than ever on the successful cultivation of only a handful of major crops, while continuing advances in agriculture rely on successfully breeding new varieties that are well-adapted to their human-influenced ecological circumstances. Plant breeding involves elements of both natural and cultural selection-a process which operates on individual plants and on plant populations. This book offers the most recent detailed knowledge of plant reproduction and their environmental interaction, which can help guide new breeding programs and help insure continuing progress in providing more food for growing populations produced with better care of the environment.

Plant Breeding Reviews

Plant Breeding Reviews Book
Author : J. Janick
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2012-04-26
ISBN : 9781468488982
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant breeding, the domestication and systematic improvement of crop species, is the basis of past and present agriculture. Our so called primitive progenitors selected practically all our present-day crop plants, and the improvement wrought through millenia of selection has so changed some of them that in many cases their links to the past have been obliterated. There is no doubt that this ranks among the greatest of human achievements. Although plant breeding has been a continuous empirical activity for as long as humans have forsaken the vagaries and thrill of hunting for the security and toil of agriculture, genetic crop improvement is now very much of a twentieth-century discipline. Its scientific underpinnings date to the beginning of this century with the discovery of Gregor Mendel's classic 1865 paper on the inheritance of seven characters in the garden pea. If any science can be traced to single event, the best example is surely found in the conception of modern genetics that appears in this single creative work. The relationship of plant breeding progress to advances in genetics has become closely entwined. Mendel himself was concerned with crop improvement and worked on schemes for apple and pear breeding. Plant breeding also has claims on other scientific and agricultural disci plines-botany, plant pathology, biochemistry, statistics, taxonomy, entomology, and cytology, to name a few-and has also impinged on our social, ethical, economic, and political consciousness.

Participatory Plant Breeding Concept and Applications

Participatory Plant Breeding  Concept and Applications Book
Author : Atul Bhargava,Shilpi Srivastava
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-04-13
ISBN : 9811371199
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant breeding has played a significant role in the development of human civilizations. Conventional plant breeding has significantly improved crop yield by genetically manipulating agronomically important traits. However, it has often been criticized for ignoring indigenous germplasm, failing to address the needs of the marginal and the poor farmers, and emphasizing selection for broad instead of local adaptation. Participatory plant breeding (PPB) is the process by which the producers and other stakeholders are actively involved in a plant-breeding programme, with opportunities to make decisions throughout. The Working Group on Participatory Plant Breeding (PPBwg) was established in 1996 under the framework of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR). Research in PPB can promote informed participation and trust in research among consumers and producers, and in recent years, PPB has had a significant impact on food production by quickly and cost-effectively producing improved crop varieties. At the same time, there has been significant research in the area. PPB offers significant advantages that are particularly relevant to developing countries where large investments in plant breeding have not led to increased production, especially in the marginal environments. In addition to the economic benefits, participatory research has a number of psychological, moral, and ethical benefits, which are the consequence of a progressive empowerment of the farming communities. PPB can empower groups such as women or less well-off farmers that are traditionally left out of the development process. This book explores the potential of PPB in the coming decades. The topic is more relevant since international breeding efforts for major crops are aimed at decentralizing local breeding methods to better incorporate the perspective of end users into the varietal development process. The first book incorporating the upcoming research on this novel breeding approach, it reviews the important tools and applications of PPB in an easy-to-read, succinct format, with illustrations to clarify these complex topics. It provides readers with a basic idea of participatory plant breeding as well as advances in the field and insights into the future to facilitate the successful integration of farmers into breeding programmes. This book is a valuable reference resource for agriculturists, agricultural advisers, policy makers, NGOs, post-doctoral students and scientists in agriculture, horticulture, forestry and botany.

PLANT BREEDING Classical to Modern

PLANT BREEDING  Classical to Modern Book
Author : P. M. Priyadarshan
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-11-09
ISBN : 9811370958
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers a detailed overview of both conventional and modern approaches to plant breeding. In 25 chapters, it explores various aspects of conventional and modern means of plant breeding, including: history, objective, activities, centres of origin, plant introduction, reproduction, incompatibility, sterility, biometrics, selection, hybridization, methods of breeding both self- and cross- pollinated crops, heterosis, synthetic varieties, induced mutations and polyploidy, distant hybridization, quality breeding, ideotype breeding, resistance breeding, breeding for stress resistance, G x E interactions, tissue culture, genetic engineering, molecular breeding, genomics, gene action and varietal release. The book’s content addresses the needs of students worldwide. Modern methods like molecular breeding and genomics are dealt with extensively so as to provide a firm foundation and equip readers to read further advanced books. Each chapter discusses the respective subject as comprehensively as possible, and includes a section on further reading at the end. Info-boxes highlight the latest advances, and care has been taken to include nearly all topics required under the curricula of MS programs. As such, the book provides a much-needed reference guide for MS students around the globe.

Principles and Procedures of Plant Breeding

Principles and Procedures of Plant Breeding Book
Author : G. S. Chahal,S. S. Gosal
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9780849313219
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Covering traditional and emerging breeding procedures, this book explores the scientific bases and details of breeding plants. It puts a special emphasis on the further refinements possible in the light of the latest developments in molecular biology. Specific breeding methods in self and cross-pollinated crops, their genetic basis and scope of further refinements, concepts and techniques of tissue culture, molecular biology and production of transgenic plants, commonly used experimental designs in plant breeding, seed production, and implications of plant breeder's rights are other highlights.

Plant Breeding Systems

Plant Breeding Systems Book
Author : A. J. Richards
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 1997
ISBN : 9780412574405
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This illustrated text attempts to provide a unified and comprehensive coverage of plant breeding systems, a subject vital to plant geneticists, plant breeders, taxonomists, evolutionists and conservationists.

Plant Breeding Reviews

Plant Breeding Reviews Book
Author : Jules Janick
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2010-04-22
ISBN : 0470650087
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant Breeding Reviews is an ongoing series presenting state-of-the art review articles on research in plant genetics, especially the breeding of commercially important crops. Articles perform the valuable function of collecting, comparing, and contrasting the primary journal literature in order to form an overview of the topic. This detailed analysis bridges the gap between the specialized researcher and the broader community of plant scientists.

Cytogenetics in Plant Breeding

Cytogenetics in Plant Breeding Book
Author : J. Sybenga
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642840833
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An introductory discussion of basic chromosome structure and function preceeds the main text on the application of cytogenetic approaches to the analysis of the manipulation of both the genetic make-up and the genetic transmission system of plant breeding material. Analysis using light and electron microscopy, segregations and molecular techniques, yields information for assessing the material before and after manipulation. Much attention is given to quantitative methods. Manipulation not only involves the construction of specific genotypes, but also chromosomal transmission systems. Although analysis and manipulation in the somatic cycle are considered, the focus is on the generative cycle, with emphasis on analysis and subsequent segregation of specifically constructed material. The book is intended for plant breeders and other scientists interested in the analysis and manipulation of breeding material at the chromosomal level. Comparisons with molecular and cell biological approaches are made, and the potential of the various methods is evaluated.

PLANT BREEDING METHODS

PLANT BREEDING METHODS Book
Author : MAHABAL RAM
Publisher : PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
Release : 2014-10-01
ISBN : 8120348508
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This comprehensive book provides a detailed account of the plant breeding methodology, covering particularly pre- and post-Green Revolution era. It elaborates on plant breeding and gene manipulation, utilization of self-incompatibility in developing hybrids, different plant breeding methods for development of crop varieties and hybrids in self- and cross-pollinated crops, nature of gene action and genotype–environment interaction. The text discusses gene manipulation in the crop plant and transfer of genes from wild species to cultivated crops, application of biotechnology in plant breeding, and genetic engineering and transgenic molecular markers as breeding tools and their limitations. It concludes with a discussion on physiologic breeding approach and new plant ideotype concepts which are new and emerging areas of interest in plant breeding research. The book will be of immense use to undergraduate and postgraduate students of Agricultural Sciences and Botany for their course study. Besides, research scholars and professionals will also find the book as an excellent source of reference.

Omics in Plant Breeding

Omics in Plant Breeding Book
Author : Aluízio Borém,Roberto Fritsche-Neto
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-06-03
ISBN : 1118820843
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Computational and high-throughput methods, such as genomics,proteomics, and transcriptomics, known collectively as“-omics,” have been used to study plant biology forwell over a decade now. As these technologies mature, plant andcrop scientists have started using these methods to improve cropvarieties. Omics in Plant Breeding provides a timely introductionto key omicsbased methods and their application in plantbreeding. Omics in Plant Breeding is a practical and accessibleoverview of specific omics-based methods ranging from metabolomicsto phenomics. Covering a single methodology within each chapter,this book provides thorough coverage that ensures a strongunderstanding of each methodology both in its application to, andimprovement of, plant breeding. Accessible to advanced students, researchers, and professionals,Omics in Plant Breeding will be an essential entry point into this innovative and excitingfield. • A valuable overview of high-throughput, genomics-basedtechnologies and their applications to plant breeding • Each chapter explores a single methodology, allowing fordetailed and thorough coverage • Coverage ranges from well-established methodologies,such as genomics and proteomics, to emerging technologies,including phenomics and physionomics Aluízio Borém is a Professor of Plant Breedingat the University of Viçosa in Brazil. Roberto Fritsche-Neto is a Professor of Genetics andPlant Breeding at the University of São Paulo in Brazil.

Horticultural Plant Breeding

Horticultural Plant Breeding Book
Author : Thomas J. Orton
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-11-21
ISBN : 0128155701
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Horticultural Plant Breeding is a complete and comprehensive resource for the development of new cultivars or clones of horticultural crops. It covers the basic theories that underpin plant breeding and applies Mendelian, quantitative and population inheritance practices in smaller populations where the individual plant has high value. Specific traditional breeding methods are also covered, with an emphasis on how these methods are adapted for horticultural species. In addition, the integration of biotechnologies with traditional breeding methodologies is explored, with an emphasis on specific applications for fruits, vegetables and ornamental crop species. Presented in focused sections, Horticultural Plant Breeding addresses historical perspectives and context, and genetics as a critical foundation of plant breeding. It highlights treatments of the various components of breeding programs, such as breeding objectives, germplasm, population engineering, mating systems, enhanced selection methods, established breeding methods applicable to inbreeding and outcrossing situations, and post-breeding activities. Provides a complete and comprehensive resource for those involved in the development of new cultivars or clones of horticultural crops Guides readers to the most appropriate breeding strategy including potential integration of traditional and biotechnology strategies that will best achieve a cost-effective outcome Will include access to 20 narrated slide sets to facilitate additional understanding

Dictionary of Plant Breeding

Dictionary of Plant Breeding Book
Author : Rolf H. J. Schlegel
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-07-22
ISBN : 1000066983
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

One of the oldest scientific traditions, plant breeding began in Neolithic times with methods as simple as saving the seeds of desirable plants and sowing them later. It was not until the re-encounter with Mendel’s discoveries thousands of years later, the genetic basis of breeding was understood. Developments following have provided further insight into how genes acting alone or in concert with other genes and the environment, result in a particular phenotype. From Abaxial to Zymogram, the third edition of Dictionary of Plant Breeding contains clear and useful definitions of the terms associated with plant breeding and related scientific/technological disciplines. It defines jargon; provides helpful tables, examples, and breeding schemes; and includes a list of crop plants with salient details. Packed with data and organized to make that data easy to access, this revised and expanded reference provides comprehensive coverage of the latest discoveries in cytogenetics, molecular genetics, marker-assisted selection, experimental gene transfer, CRISPR technology, seed sciences, crop physiology, and genetically modified crops. Features: Provides a comprehensive list of technical terms used in plant breeding Explores the historical development of crop improvement Discusses applications of molecular genetics and biotechnology Includes numerous figures, drawings, tables, and schemes supplementing the glossary A complex subject, plant breeding draws from many scientific and technological disciplines, often making it difficult to know the precise meanings of many terms and to accurately interpret specific concepts. As in the previous editions, this dictionary unifies concepts by including the specific terms of plant breeding and terms that are adjusted from other disciplines. Drawing on Rolf Schlegel’s 50 years of experience, the book provides an encyclopedic list of commonly used technical terms that reflect the latest developments in the field.

Plant Breeding Past Present and Future

Plant Breeding  Past  Present and Future Book
Author : John E. Bradshaw
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-03-08
ISBN : 3319232851
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book aims to help plant breeders by reviewing past achievements, currently successful practices, and emerging methods and techniques. Theoretical considerations are also presented to strike the right balance between being as simple as possible but as complex as necessary. The United Nations predicts that the global human population will continue rising to 9.0 billion by 2050. World food production will need to increase between 70-100 per cent in just 40 years. First generation bio-fuels are also using crops and cropland to produce energy rather than food. In addition, land area used for agriculture may remain static or even decrease as a result of degradation and climate change, despite more land being theoretically available, unless crops can be bred which tolerate associated abiotic stresses. Lastly, it is unlikely that steps can be taken to mitigate all of the climate change predicted to occur by 2050, and beyond, and hence adaptation of farming systems and crop production will be required to reduce predicted negative effects on yields that will occur without crop adaptation. Substantial progress will therefore be required in bridging the yield gap between what is currently achieved per unit of land and what should be possible in future, with the best farming methods and best storage and transportation of food, given the availability of suitably adapted cultivars, including adaptation to climate change. My book is divided into four parts: Part I is an historical introduction; Part II deals with the origin of genetic variation by mutation and recombination of DNA; Part III explains how the mating system of a crop species determines the genetic structure of its landraces; Part IV considers the three complementary options for future progress: use of sexual reproduction in further conventional breeding, base broadening and introgression; mutation breeding; and genetically modified crops.

History of Plant Breeding

History of Plant Breeding Book
Author : Rolf H. J. Schlegel
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-12-15
ISBN : 1351588958
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While there has been great progress in the development of plant breeding over the last decade, the selection of suitable plants for human consumption began over 13,000 years ago. Since the Neolithic era, the cultivation of plants has progressed in Asia Minor, Asia, Europe, and ancient America, each specific to the locally wild plants as well as the ecological and social conditions. A handy reference for knowing our past, understanding the present, and creating the future, this book provides a comprehensive treatment of the development of crop improvement methods over the centuries. It features an extensive historical treatment of development, including influential individuals in the field, plant cultivation in various regions, techniques used in the Old World, and cropping in ancient America. The advances of scientific plant breeding in the twentieth century is extensively explored, including efficient selection methods, hybrid breeding, induced polyploidy, mutation research, biotechnology, and genetic manipulation. Finally, this book presents information on approaches to the sustainability of breeding and to cope with climatic changes as well as the growing world population.

Advanced Molecular Plant Breeding

Advanced Molecular Plant Breeding Book
Author : D.N. Bharadwaj
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-10-29
ISBN : 1351358464
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This new volume provides a better understanding of molecular plant breeding in order to boost the quality of agriculture produce, to increase crop yields and to provide nutritious food for everyone by 2050. Scientists believe the challenge can be met by implementing new and improved techniques of quantitative trait inheritance in plant breeding. Integrating genomics and molecular biology into appropriate tools and methodologies can help to create genetically engineered plants, such as by using biotic and abiotic stress tolerance, molecular markers, ‘-omics’ technology, and genome editing.

Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies Fruits

Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies  Fruits Book
Author : Jameel Al-Khayri,Shri Mohan Jain,Dennis V. Johnson
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-07-20
ISBN : 331991944X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book examines the development of innovative modern methodologies towards augmenting conventional plant breeding for the production of new crop varieties, under the increasingly limiting environmental and cultivation factors, to achieve sustainable agricultural production and enhanced food security. Two volumes of Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies were published in 2015 and 2016, respectively; Volume 1: Breeding, Biotechnology and Molecular Tools and Volume 2: Agronomic, Abiotic and Biotic Stress Traits. This is Volume 3: Fruits, which is focused on advances in breeding strategies for the improvement of individual fruit crops. It consists of 23 chapters grouped into three parts, according to distribution classification of fruit trees: Part I, Temperate Fruits, Part II, Subtropical Fruits, and Part III, Tropical Fruits. Each chapter comprehensively reviews the modern literature on the subject and reflects the authors' own experience.

Farmers and Plant Breeding

Farmers and Plant Breeding Book
Author : Ola Tveitereid Westengen,Tone Winge
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2019-10-02
ISBN : 0429017014
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the history of, and current approaches to, farmer-breeder collaboration in plant breeding, situating this work in the context of sustainable food systems, as well as national and international policy and law regimes. Plant breeding is essential to food production, climate-change adaptation and sustainable development. This book brings together experienced practitioners and researchers involved in collaborative breeding programmes across a diversity of crops and agro-ecologies around the world. Case studies include collaborative sorghum and pearl millet breeding for water-stressed environments in West Africa, participatory rice breeding for intensive rice farming in the Mekong Delta, and evolutionary participatory quinoa breeding for organic agriculture in North America. While outlining the challenges, the volume also highlights the positive impacts, such as yield increases, farmers’ empowerment in the innovation and development processes, contributions to maintenance of crop genetic diversity and adaptation to climate change. This collection offers a range of perspectives on enabling conditions for farmer–breeder collaboration in plant breeding in relation to biodiversity agreements such as the Plant Treaty, trade agreements and related intellectual property rights (IPR) regimes, and national seed policies and laws. Relevant to a wide audience, including practitioners with experience in plant breeding and management of crop genetic resources and those with a broader interest in agriculture and development, as well as students of international cooperation and development, this volume is a timely addition to the literature.

Plant Breeding

Plant Breeding Book
Author : Niko Huttunen,Taavi Sinisalo
Publisher : Nova Science Pub Incorporated
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant breeding is the art and science of changing the genetics of plants for the benefit of humankind. A major goal of plant breeders is to select genotypes with stable and high performing phenotypes across environments. However, a selected genotype often performs differently across environments. This book presents a comprehensive review of various stability analysis methods and their application in plant breeding for selection of stable and high performing genotypes. Additionally, efficient methods to produce doubled haploid plants and to provide embryogenic suitable haploid cells systems are needed for future genetic manipulations and breeding in bread and durum wheat. This book describes a new stress in durum wheat, for its effectiveness to induce embryogenesis and regeneration plants. Along with its implications for plant selection, the methods used for dose-response variation are also explored, as well as the relationship between genetic variation and changes in dose-response behaviour. Other chapters in this book discuss the breeding strategy of self-incompatibility, an evolutionary force to preserve genetic variability in plants, the pros and cons of marker-assisted selection (MAS) breeding along with its future prospects, and the use of Joint Regression Analysis (JRA) in the management of plant breeding programs.