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Plant Breeding And Cultivar Development

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Plant Breeding and Cultivar Development

Plant Breeding and Cultivar Development Book
Author : D. P. Singh,A. K. Singh,A. Singh
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-01-21
ISBN : 0128175648
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant Breeding and Cultivar Development features an optimal balance between classical and modern tools and techniques related to plant breeding. Written for a global audience and based on the extensive international experience of the authors, the book features pertinent examples from major and minor world crops. Advanced data analytics (machine learning), phenomics and artificial intelligence are explored in the book's 30 chapters that cover classical and modern plant breeding. By presenting these advancements in specific detail, private and public sector breeding programs will learn about new, effective and efficient implementation. The insights are clear enough that non-plant breeding majoring students will find it useful to learn about the subject, while advanced level students and researchers and practitioners will find practical examples that help them implement their work. Bridges the gap between conventional breeding practices and state-of-the-art technologies Provides real-world case studies of a wide range of plant breeding techniques and practices Combines insights from genetics, genomics, breeding science, statistics, computer science and engineering for crop improvement and cultivar development

Hybrid Cultivar Development

Hybrid Cultivar Development Book
Author : S.S. Banga,S.K. Banga
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1998-10-13
ISBN : 9783540635239
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Heterosis breeding based on male sterility has become established in many field crops and has been credited with high productivity. This book presents an update on the advent and promise of hybrids with comprehensive coverage of theoretical and applied aspects of heterosis breeding. Its principal elements are the hybrid advantage, pollination control mechanisms and finally the production of hybrid seeds. Individual crop specialists present in-depth analyses of intricacies involved in the development of hybrids of rice, wheat, maize, barley, pearl millet, sorghum, cotton, sunflower, rapeseed-mustard, castor, pigeonpea, tomato, onion, cole crops, peppers, and melon. The book will be used by researchers, teachers and students of botany, genetics, horticulture and plant breeding.

Biotechnology and Plant Breeding

Biotechnology and Plant Breeding Book
Author : Aluízio Borém,Roberto Fritsche-Neto
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-01-21
ISBN : 012417292X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biotechnology and Plant Breeding includes critical discussions of the newest and most important applications of biotechnology in plant breeding, covering key topics such as biometry applied to molecular analysis of genetic diversity, genetically modified plants, and more. This work goes beyond recombinant DNA technology to bring together key information and references on new biotech tools for cultivar development, such as double-haploids, molecular markers, and genome-wide selection, among others. It is increasingly challenging for plant breeders and agricultural systems to supply enough food, feed, fiber and biofuel for the global population. As plant breeding evolves and becomes increasingly sophisticated, a staggering volume of genetic data is now generated. Biotechnology and Plant Breeding helps researchers and students become familiar with how the vast amounts of genetic data are generated, stored, analyzed and applied. This practical resource integrates information about plant breeding into the context of modern science, and assists with training for plant breeders including those scientists who have a good understanding of molecular biology/biotechnology and need to learn the art and practice of plant breeding. Plant biologists, breeding technicians, agronomists, seed technologists, students, and any researcher interested in biotechnologies applied to plant breeding will find this work an essential tool and reference for the field. Presents in-depth but easy-to-understand coverage of topics, so plant breeders can readily comprehend them and apply them to their breeding programs Includes chapters that address the already developed and optimized biotechnologies for cultivar development, with real-world application for users Features contributions by authors with several years of experience in their areas of expertise

Principles of Cultivar Development Theory and technique

Principles of Cultivar Development  Theory and technique Book
Author : Walter R. Fehr
Publisher : MacMillan Publishing Company
Release : 1987
ISBN : 9780029499207
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Principles of Cultivar Development Theory and technique book written by Walter R. Fehr, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Quantitative Genetics in Maize Breeding

Quantitative Genetics in Maize Breeding Book
Author : Arnel R. Hallauer,Marcelo J. Carena,J.B. Miranda Filho
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-09-28
ISBN : 9781441907660
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Maize is used in an endless list of products that are directly or indirectly related to human nutrition and food security. Maize is grown in producer farms, farmers depend on genetically improved cultivars, and maize breeders develop improved maize cultivars for farmers. Nikolai I. Vavilov defined plant breeding as plant evolution directed by man. Among crops, maize is one of the most successful examples for breeder-directed evolution. Maize is a cross-pollinated species with unique and separate male and female organs allowing techniques from both self and cross-pollinated crops to be utilized. As a consequence, a diverse set of breeding methods can be utilized for the development of various maize cultivar types for all economic conditions (e.g., improved populations, inbred lines, and their hybrids for different types of markets). Maize breeding is the science of maize cultivar development. Public investment in maize breeding from 1865 to 1996 was $3 billion (Crosbie et al., 2004) and the return on investment was $260 billion as a consequence of applied maize breeding, even without full understanding of the genetic basis of heterosis. The principles of quantitative genetics have been successfully applied by maize breeders worldwide to adapt and improve germplasm sources of cultivars for very simple traits (e.g. maize flowering) and very complex ones (e.g., grain yield). For instance, genomic efforts have isolated early-maturing genes and QTL for potential MAS but very simple and low cost phenotypic efforts have caused significant and fast genetic progress across genotypes moving elite tropical and late temperate maize northward with minimal investment. Quantitative genetics has allowed the integration of pre-breeding with cultivar development by characterizing populations genetically, adapting them to places never thought of (e.g., tropical to short-seasons), improving them by all sorts of intra- and inter-population recurrent selection methods, extracting lines with more probability of success, and exploiting inbreeding and heterosis. Quantitative genetics in maize breeding has improved the odds of developing outstanding maize cultivars from genetically broad based improved populations such as B73. The inbred-hybrid concept in maize was a public sector invention 100 years ago and it is still considered one of the greatest achievements in plant breeding. Maize hybrids grown by farmers today are still produced following this methodology and there is still no limit to genetic improvement when most genes are targeted in the breeding process. Heterotic effects are unique for each hybrid and exotic genetic materials (e.g., tropical, early maturing) carry useful alleles for complex traits not present in the B73 genome just sequenced while increasing the genetic diversity of U.S. hybrids. Breeding programs based on classical quantitative genetics and selection methods will be the basis for proving theoretical approaches on breeding plans based on molecular markers. Mating designs still offer large sample sizes when compared to QTL approaches and there is still a need to successful integration of these methods. There is a need to increase the genetic diversity of maize hybrids available in the market (e.g., there is a need to increase the number of early maturing testers in the northern U.S.). Public programs can still develop new and genetically diverse products not available in industry. However, public U.S. maize breeding programs have either been discontinued or are eroding because of decreasing state and federal funding toward basic science. Future significant genetic gains in maize are dependent on the incorporation of useful and unique genetic diversity not available in industry (e.g., NDSU EarlyGEM lines). The integration of pre-breeding methods with cultivar development should enhance future breeding efforts to maintain active public breeding programs not only adapting and improving genetically broad-based germplasm but also developing unique products and training the next generation of maize breeders producing research dissertations directly linked to breeding programs. This is especially important in areas where commercial hybrids are not locally bred. More than ever public and private institutions are encouraged to cooperate in order to share breeding rights, research goals, winter nurseries, managed stress environments, and latest technology for the benefit of producing the best possible hybrids for farmers with the least cost. We have the opportunity to link both classical and modern technology for the benefit of breeding in close cooperation with industry without the need for investing in academic labs and time (e.g., industry labs take a week vs months/years in academic labs for the same work). This volume, as part of the Handbook of Plant Breeding series, aims to increase awareness of the relative value and impact of maize breeding for food, feed, and fuel security. Without breeding programs continuously developing improved germplasm, no technology can develop improved cultivars. Quantitative Genetics in Maize Breeding presents principles and data that can be applied to maximize genetic improvement of germplasm and develop superior genotypes in different crops. The topics included should be of interest of graduate students and breeders conducting research not only on breeding and selection methods but also developing pure lines and hybrid cultivars in crop species. This volume is a unique and permanent contribution to breeders, geneticists, students, policy makers, and land-grant institutions still promoting quality research in applied plant breeding as opposed to promoting grant monies and indirect costs at any short-term cost. The book is dedicated to those who envision the development of the next generation of cultivars with less need of water and inputs, with better nutrition; and with higher percentages of exotic germplasm as well as those that pursue independent research goals before searching for funding. Scientists are encouraged to use all possible breeding methodologies available (e.g., transgenics, classical breeding, MAS, and all possible combinations could be used with specific sound long and short-term goals on mind) once germplasm is chosen making wise decisions with proven and scientifically sound technologies for assisting current breeding efforts depending on the particular trait under selection. Arnel R. Hallauer is C. F. Curtiss Distinguished Professor in Agriculture (Emeritus) at Iowa State University (ISU). Dr. Hallauer has led maize-breeding research for mid-season maturity at ISU since 1958. His work has had a worldwide impact on plant-breeding programs,

Next Generation Plant Breeding

Next Generation Plant Breeding Book
Author : Yelda Ozden Çiftçi
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2018-09-26
ISBN : 1789239257
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Following the green revolution and transgenic crop development, another revolutionary progress has been experienced in plant breeding in the last decade with the application of marker-assisted selection (MAS), next-generation sequencing (NGS), and gene editing techniques together with omic technologies, including genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, and phenomics. Thus, this book is structured into two sections: "Marker-Assisted Breeding" and "RNA-seq and Gene Editing in Plants," which aim to provide a reference for students, instructors, and scientists on recent innovative advances in plant-breeding programs to cultivate crops for tomorrow.

Plant Breeding

Plant Breeding Book
Author : H.K. Jain,M.C. Kharkwal
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9400710402
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Indian Society of Genetics and Plant Breeding was established in 1941 in recognition of the growing contribution of improved crop varieties to the country's agriculture. Scientific plant breeding had started inIndia soon after the rediscovery of Mendel's laws of heredity. The Indian Agricultural Research Institute set up in 1905 and a number of Agricultural Colleges in different parts of the country carried out some of the earliest work mostly inthe form of pure-line selections. In subsequent years, hybridization programmes in crops like wheat, rice, oilseeds, grain legumes, sugarcane and cotton yielded a large number of improved cultivars with significantly higher yields. A turning point came in the 1960s with the development of hybrids in several crops including inter-specific hybrids in cotton. And when new germplasm with dwarfing genes became available in wheat and rice from CIMMYT and IRRI, respectively,Indian plant breeders quickly incorporated these genes into the genetic background of the country's widely grown varieties with excellent grain quality and other desirable traits. This was to mark the beginning of modem agriculture in India as more and more varieties were developed, characterized by a high harvest index and response to modem farm inputs like the inorganic fertilizers . India's green revolution which has led to major surpluses offood grains and othercommodities like sugar and cotton has been made possible by the work of one of the largest groups of plant breeders working in a coordinated network.

Plant Breeding

Plant Breeding Book
Author : Jack Brown,Peter Caligari,Hugo Campos
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-11-17
ISBN : 0470658290
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Plant Breeding book written by Jack Brown,Peter Caligari,Hugo Campos, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Plant Breeding for Water Limited Environments

Plant Breeding for Water Limited Environments Book
Author : Abraham Blum
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-11-09
ISBN : 1441974911
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume will be the only existing single-authored book offering a science-based breeder’s manual directed at breeding for water-limited environments. Plant breeding is characterized by the need to integrate information from diverse disciplines towards the development and delivery of a product defines as a new cultivar. Conventional breeding draws information from disciplines such as genetics, plant physiology, plant pathology, entomology, food technology and statistics. Plant breeding for water-limited environments and the development of drought resistant crop cultivars is considered as one of the more difficult areas in plant breeding while at the same time it is becoming a very pressing issue. This volume is unique and timely in that it develops realistic solutions and protocols towards the breeding of drought resistant cultivars by integrating knowledge from environmental science, plant physiology, genetics and molecular biology.

Proceedings and Minutes Annual Meeting of the Agricultural Research Institute

Proceedings and Minutes  Annual Meeting of the Agricultural Research Institute Book
Author : Agricultural Research Institute (U.S.)
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1981
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Proceedings and Minutes Annual Meeting of the Agricultural Research Institute book written by Agricultural Research Institute (U.S.), available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Plant Genome Science

Plant Genome Science Book
Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science. Subcommittee on Basic Research
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Plant Genome Science book written by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science. Subcommittee on Basic Research, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Molecular Plant Breeding

Molecular Plant Breeding Book
Author : Yunbi Xu
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2010
ISBN : 1845933923
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent advances in plant genomics and molecular biology have revolutionized our understanding of plant genetics, providing new opportunities for more efficient and controllable plant breeding. Successful techniques require a solid understanding of the underlying molecular biology as well as experience in applied plant breeding. Bridging the gap between developments in biotechnology and its applications in plant improvement, Molecular Plant Breeding provides an integrative overview of issues from basic theories to their applications to crop improvement including molecular marker technology, gene mapping, genetic transformation, quantitative genetics, and breeding methodology.

Applied Plant Breeding

Applied Plant Breeding Book
Author : Walter R. Fehr
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1983
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Genetic principles; Types of cultivars; Parent selection; Population formation by hybridization; Techniques for artificial hybridization; Mutation breeding; Recurrent selection; Genetic male sterility for population improvement; Maximizing genetic improvement; Mass selection in self-pollinated populations; Bulk method; Single-seed descent method; Pedigree method; Early generation testing; Homozygous lines from doubled haploids; Backcross method; Development of vegetatively-propagated cultivars; Development of synthetic cultivars; Development of self-pollinated cultivars; Multilines, blends, and cultivar mixtures; Development of hybrid cultivars; Hybrid seed production; Release and distribution of cultivars.

Technologies to Maintain Biological Diversity

Technologies to Maintain Biological Diversity Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1986
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Technologies to Maintain Biological Diversity book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Progress in Plant Breeding 1

Progress in Plant Breeding   1 Book
Author : G.E. Russell
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-02
ISBN : 1483100073
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Progress in Plant Breeding 1 is a collection of review articles that aim to critically assess progress in different major crops, not only in the aspect of variety production, but also across all the related disciplines. The book covers topics such as dwarfing genes in wheat; sugar-beet breeding; development of grain-protein crops; and the breeding programs of the International Potato Center. Also covered in the book are topics such as the development of bird resistance of soghum and maize; advances in the breeding of chickpeas; and breeding rice for disease resistance. The text is recommended for botanists and agriculturists who would like to know more about the advances in plant breeding and how it is improving crops.

Plant Breeding and Genetics in Horticulture

Plant Breeding and Genetics in Horticulture Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Macmillan International Higher Education
Release : 1979-11-10
ISBN : 1349037079
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Plant Breeding and Genetics in Horticulture book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Horticultural Plant Breeding

Horticultural Plant Breeding Book
Author : Thomas J. Orton
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-11-21
ISBN : 0128155701
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Horticultural Plant Breeding is a complete and comprehensive resource for the development of new cultivars or clones of horticultural crops. It covers the basic theories that underpin plant breeding and applies Mendelian, quantitative and population inheritance practices in smaller populations where the individual plant has high value. Specific traditional breeding methods are also covered, with an emphasis on how these methods are adapted for horticultural species. In addition, the integration of biotechnologies with traditional breeding methodologies is explored, with an emphasis on specific applications for fruits, vegetables and ornamental crop species. Presented in focused sections, Horticultural Plant Breeding addresses historical perspectives and context, and genetics as a critical foundation of plant breeding. It highlights treatments of the various components of breeding programs, such as breeding objectives, germplasm, population engineering, mating systems, enhanced selection methods, established breeding methods applicable to inbreeding and outcrossing situations, and post-breeding activities. Provides a complete and comprehensive resource for those involved in the development of new cultivars or clones of horticultural crops Guides readers to the most appropriate breeding strategy including potential integration of traditional and biotechnology strategies that will best achieve a cost-effective outcome Will include access to 20 narrated slide sets to facilitate additional understanding

Accelerated Plant Breeding Volume 2

Accelerated Plant Breeding  Volume 2 Book
Author : Satbir Singh Gosal,Shabir Hussain Wani
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-09-03
ISBN : 3030472981
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant improvement has shifted its focus from yield, quality and disease resistance to factors that will enhance commercial export, such as early maturity, shelf life and better processing quality. Conventional plant breeding methods aiming at the improvement of a self-pollinating crop, such as wheat, usually take 10-12 years to develop and release of the new variety. During the past 10 years, significant advances have been made and accelerated methods have been developed for precision breeding and early release of crop varieties. This edited volume summarizes concepts dealing with germplasm enhancement and development of improved varieties based on innovative methodologies that include doubled haploidy, marker assisted selection, marker assisted background selection, genetic mapping, genomic selection, high-throughput genotyping, high-throughput phenotyping, mutation breeding, reverse breeding, transgenic breeding, shuttle breeding, speed breeding, low cost high-throughput field phenotyping, etc. It is an important reference with special focus on accelerated development of improved crop varieties.

Use of Plant Introductions in Cultivar Development

Use of Plant Introductions in Cultivar Development Book
Author : Henry L. Shands,Loren E. Wiesner
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1991
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Use of Plant Introductions in Cultivar Development book written by Henry L. Shands,Loren E. Wiesner, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

United States Plant Patents

United States Plant Patents Book
Author : United States. Patent and Trademark Office
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006-10-10
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download United States Plant Patents book written by United States. Patent and Trademark Office, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.