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Plant Biotechnology and Agriculture

Plant Biotechnology and Agriculture Book
Author : Arie Altman,Paul M. Hasegawa
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0123814669
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As the oldest and largest human intervention in nature, the science of agriculture is one of the most intensely studied practices. From manipulation of plant gene structure to the use of plants for bioenergy, biotechnology interventions in plant and agricultural science have been rapidly developing over the past ten years with immense forward leaps on an annual basis. This book begins by laying the foundations for plant biotechnology by outlining the biological aspects including gene structure and expression, and the basic procedures in plant biotechnology of genomics, metabolomics, transcriptomics and proteomics. It then focuses on a discussion of the impacts of biotechnology on plant breeding technologies and germplasm sustainability. The role of biotechnology in the improvement of agricultural traits, production of industrial products and pharmaceuticals as well as biomaterials and biomass provide a historical perspective and a look to the future. Sections addressing intellectual property rights and sociological and food safety issues round out the holistic discussion of this important topic. Includes specific emphasis on the inter-relationships between basic plant biotechnologies and applied agricultural applications, and the way they contribute to each other Provides an updated review of the major plant biotechnology procedures and techniques, their impact on novel agricultural development and crop plant improvement Takes a broad view of the topic with discussions of practices in many countries

Agricultural Biotechnology

Agricultural Biotechnology Book
Author : H. D. Kumar
Publisher : Daya Books
Release : 2005
ISBN : 9788170354123
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Book Looks At The Application Of A Variety Of Biotechnologies To Agricultural Development. It Addresses Recent Concerns About The Sterile-Seed Terminator Technology And About The Biosafety Of Genetically Modified Foods/Crops, And Assesses The Potential Of Apomixis As A Possible Countervailing Strategy To The Adverse Effects Of The Terminator, For Some Crops. The Book Introduces The Concepts Of Participatory Plant Breeding And Diversified Site-Or Field Potential To Meet The Needs Of Small-Scale Farmers In Developing Countries Whose Traditional Wisdom And Indigenous Knowledge Can Be Put To Good Use Through Inputs From Modern Biotechnology For The Benefit Fo Humanity. The Text Provides A Valuable Source Of Recent Information Not Only To Researchers Of Agriculture And Biotechnology But Also Meets The Course Requirements Of Students In Agronomy, Genetics And Plant Breeding, Crop Physiology And Related Disciplines In Agriculture, Biotechnology, Food Processing, Nutrition And Home Science. Contents Chapter 1: General Introduction; Definition And Perspective Of Biotechnology, New Technologies, Scope, Potential & Achievements, Introduction To Agriculture, Effects Of Biotechnology On Agrobiodiversity, Biotechnology For Agriculture, Genetic Manipulation In Plant Breeding, Crop Plants, Dangers Of Genetic Uniformity, Preservation And Exchange Of Genetic Resources, Use Of Transgenic Plants In Industry, Agriculture And Medicine, Safeguarding Domestic Animal Diversity Through Animal Husbandry, Advances In Animal Breeding Technology, Animal Byproducts, Transgenic Livestock, Transgenic Sheep And Wool Growth, Genetically-Modified Food, Biotechnology And Sustainable Development, References; Chapter 2: Techniques; Introduction, Plant Tissue Culture And Its Impact On Agriculture, Gene Transfer To Plants, Direct Gene Transfer, Germplasm Storage, Transgenic Plants For Non-Transgenic Crops, Tilling-A Non-Transgenic Approach To Wheat Improvement, Applications Of Bioluminescence And Chemiluminescene, Proprietary Technologies, Genetic Use Restriction Technologies (Gurts), Apomixis, Plant Biotechnology Tools For Developing World, References; Chapter 3: Biodiversity And Agriculture; Introduction, Crop Diversity, The Struggle For Genetic Resources, Double-Green Revolution, Hormones And Green Revolution, Global Climate Change And Biodiversity, Complementarity As Biodiversity Indicator, Genetic Diversity And Gene Control In Rice, Genetic Improvement In Rice, Golden Rice, Reference; Chapter 4: Crop Genetic Resource And Plant Breeding; Introduction, The Genecological Approach, Two Agricultures, Farmer S Rights, Convention On Biological Diversity, Trips, Environmental Rights, Resistance Breeding, Participatory Plant Breeding, Seed Regulation And Local Seed Systems, References; Chapter 5: Biological Nitrogen Fixation; Introduction, Forage Legumes, Alley Cropping, Green Manures And Rice, Crop Residues, Biofertilizers, Plant-Microbe Signalling, Nodulation, And Symbiotic Nitrogen Fixation, The Oxygen Paradox, Nodulation Of Cereals, References; Chapter 6: Transgenics Crops And Biosafety; Introduction, Genetically Modified Crops, Improvement Of Grain Quality, Carbon Storage In Seeds, Transgenic Corn, Transgenic Oilseed Rape, Transgenic Linum, Field Testing And Commercialization Of Transgenic Plants, Balancing Risks And Benefits Of Gm Crops, Restrictions On The Right Of Farmers To Save Seed, Crop Genomics, Cereal Improvement Through Genomics, Tramsgemics, Transgenic Plants For Tropical Regions, Biosafety, Biosafety And National Priorities, Contained Use And Release Of Modified Organisms, Forest Tree Biotechnology, Transgenic Trees, References; Chapter 7: Food And Nutrition; Introduction, Biotechnology And Food Security, Global Food Security, Food Politics, Diversity And Food Security, In Situ Conservation, Sustainable Food Security, Eradication Of World Hunger, Food Safety, Future Food Supply Prospects, Global Food Prospects To 2025, Organic Food, Butter, Milk And Dairy Farming, New Biotechnologies For Food Production And Processing, Biotechnology For Alleviating Malnutrition, Community Gene Banks And Sustainable Food Security, Epidemiology Of Malnutrition, Engineering Solutions To Malnutrition, Agricultural Diversification And Human Nutrition, Soybean In Argentina, References; Chapter 8: Management; Introduction, Global Agricultural Sustainability, Mega Agriculture And Sustainable Production, Organic Agriculture, Leisa, The Interactive Bottom-Up Approach, Cereal Production, The Leipzig Commitment, Farmer-Centered Agenda, Precision Agriculture, Production Of Recombinant Proteins In Transgenic Barley Grains, Enhancement Of Natural Plant Defenses, Improving Plant Resistance To Bacterial Diseases Through Genetic Engineering, Livestock Management, Disease Resistance In Farm Animals, Management Of Energy, Nitrogen And Carbon For Food Security, Patenting Of Agricultural Biotechnologies, References.

Plants Biotechnology and Agriculture

Plants  Biotechnology and Agriculture Book
Author : Denis Murphy
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2011
ISBN : 1845939131
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

At a time when the world's food supplies are increasingly unable to meet the needs of a burgeoning population, there is significant diversity of opinion concerning the benefits and perceived dangers of the application of biotechnology to food production. Plants, Biotechnology and Agriculture provides the reader with a guide to plants as both organisms and resources. The first half of the book gives an overview of plant biology, suitable for students of plant biology and agriculture as well as those without a biology background. This is followed by an outline of the human exploitation of plants, from domestication to scientific manipulation. Further chapters describe the technologies that are now being used to improve crops, society's responses to these technologies, and how they are being modified as a result. The book concludes with a discussion of future challenges for biotechnology in the face of rapid population growth, depletion of non-renewable resources and climate change.

Agricultural Biotechnology

Agricultural Biotechnology Book
Author : Arie Altman
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1997-11-06
ISBN : 9781420049275
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This work integrates basic biotechnological methodologies with up-to-date agricultural practices, offering solutions to specific agricultural needs and problems from plant and crop yield to animal husbandry. It presents and evaluates the limitations of classical methodologies and the potential of novel and emergent agriculturally related biotechnologies.

Agricultural Biotechnology

Agricultural Biotechnology Book
Author : Rajmohan Joshi
Publisher : Gyan Publishing House
Release : 2006
ISBN : 9788182053809
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book is a comprehensive reference work on agricultural biotechnology. It brings together the principles and contemporary agricultural biotechnology. Topics such as history and scope of agricultural biotechnology, plant tissues culture, techniques of genetic modification, crop improvement, production of transgenic crops etc. are dealt with comprehensively. Modern biotechnology has great potential to influence and benefit agriculture. Highly useful publication for agriculture scientists, biotechnologists.

Biotechnology in Agriculture

Biotechnology in Agriculture Book
Author : Sharma
Publisher : Daya Books
Release : 2005
ISBN : 9788176221580
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Preface 1. Introduction 2. Use of Biotechnology in Agriculture 3. Agricultural Biotechnology on Biodiversity 4. Transgenic Plants and World Agriculture 5. Economic Effect of Agricultural Biotechnology 6. Demand for Agricultural Biotechnology 7. Agricultural Biotechnology and the Poor 8. Scientific Basis of Genetic Modification 9. Ethical and Social Issues of Genetically Modified Crops 10. Conservation Technologies and the Plant Science 11. Modem Biotechnology for Food and Agriculture 12. Public Attitudes towards Agricultural Biotechnology Bibliography Index

Economic and Social Issues in Agricultural Biotechnology

Economic and Social Issues in Agricultural Biotechnology Book
Author : Robert E. Evenson,V. Santaniello,David Zilberman
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2002-07-01
ISBN : 9780851997889
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There are currently many controversial socioeconomic issues concerned with the development and implementation of agricultural biotechnology. This book presents selected revised and edited papers from the fourth and fifth meetings of the International Consortium on Agricultural Biotechnology Research, held in Italy in 2000 and 2001.

Plants Genes and Crop Biotechnology

Plants  Genes  and Crop Biotechnology Book
Author : Maarten J. Chrispeels,David E. Sadava
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Learning
Release : 2003
ISBN : 9780763715861
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book integrates many fields to help students understand the complexity of the basic science that underlies crop and food production.

Meta topolin A Growth Regulator for Plant Biotechnology and Agriculture

Meta topolin  A Growth Regulator for Plant Biotechnology and Agriculture Book
Author : Naseem Ahmad,Miroslav Strnad
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2021-02-11
ISBN : 9789811590450
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant tissue culture (PTC) technology has gained unassailable success for its various commercial and research applications in plant sciences. Plant growth regulators (PGRs) are an essential part of any plant tissue culture intervention for propagation or modification of plants. A wide range of PGRs are available, including aromatic compounds that show cytokinin activities, promote cell division and micro-propagation, viz. kinetin, N6-benzyladenine and topolins. Topolins are naturally occurring aromatic compounds that have gained popularity as an effective alternative for other frequently used cytokinins in in vitro culture of plants. Among them, meta-topolin [6-(3-hydroxybenzlyamino) purine] is the most popular and its use in plant tissue culture has amplified swiftly. During the last few decades, there have been numerous reports highlighting the effectiveness of meta-topolin in micropropagation and alleviation of various physiological disorders, rooting and acclimatization of tissue culture raised plants.

Plant Biotechnology

Plant Biotechnology Book
Author : Agnès Ricroch,Surinder Chopra,Shelby J. Fleischer
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-07-11
ISBN : 331906892X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written in easy to follow language, the book presents cutting-edge agriculturally relevant plant biotechnologies and applications in a manner that is accessible to all. This book introduces the scope and method of plant biotechnologies and molecular breeding within the context of environmental analysis and assessment, a diminishing supply of productive arable land, scarce water resources and climate change. Authors who have studied how agro ecosystems have changed during the first decade and a half of commercial deployment review effects and stress needs that must be considered to make these tools sustainable.

Plant Biotechnology

Plant Biotechnology Book
Author : Mahipal singh Shekhawat,Vikrant
Publisher : MJP Publisher
Release : 2019-06-11
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In vitro Plant Biotechnology: Status and Scope, In vitro Plant Regeneration—An Overview, In vitro Culture Laboratory— Organization and Management, Sterilization Techniques, Plant Cell In vitro Nutrition: Culture Medium, Cell Differentiation and Totipotency, Micropropagation: A Source of Clonal Regeneration, Callus: Induction and Differentiation, Cell Suspension Culture, Single Cell Culture: Technology and Applications, Embryo Culture, Somatic Embryo: Induction and Regeneration, Haploid Production-I (Androgenesis), Haploid Production-II (In vitro Pollination Fertilization and Gynogenesis), Endosperm and Nucellus Culture, Protoplast Technology— Isolation and Regeneration of Protoplast, Protoplast Technology— Somatic Hybridization and Cybridization, Somaclonal Variation: Source and Significance, Biodiversity and Preservation of Germplasm, Artificial (synthetic) Seed Production Technology, Secondary Metabolite Production-I, Secondary Metabolite Production-II, Transgenic Production-I, Transgenic Production-II, Transgenic Production-III, G M Crops and their Impacts, Plastid Engineering, Plant In vitro Biotechnology in Agriculture, Plant In vitro Biotechnology in Forestry, Plant In vitro Biotechnology in Industry.

First the Seed

First the Seed Book
Author : Jack Ralph Kloppenburg
Publisher : Univ of Wisconsin Press
Release : 2005-04-26
ISBN : 9780299192433
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

First the Seed spotlights the history of plant breeding and shows how efforts to control the seed have shaped the emergence of the agricultural biotechnology industry. This second edition of a classic work in the political economy of science includes an extensive, new chapter updating the analysis to include the most recent developments in the struggle over the direction of crop genetic engineering. 1988 Cloth, 1990 Paperback, Cambridge University Press Winner of the Theodore Saloutos Award of the Agricultural History Society Winner of the Robert K. Merton Award of the American Sociological Association

Plant Biotechnology

Plant Biotechnology Book
Author : P K Gupta
Publisher :
Release : 2010
ISBN : 9788171339365
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The present book plant biotechnology has been written as a textbook both for elementary and advanced courses in plant biotechnology for B.Sc./B.tech and M.Sc./M.tech students. The book consists of 50 chapters, which include the first chapter giving an overview of the subject of plant biotechnology and the remaining chapters conveniently divided in the following seven parts. Part I : DNA technology; Part II: plant cell and tissue culture; Part III: Transgenic plants (including transplastomic plants); Part IV: Plant genomics and quantitative genetics; Part V: Plant biotechnology for agricultural practices; Part VI: Plant biotechnology for environment; Part VII: Plant biotechnology and IPR.

Phytohormones in Plant Biotechnology and Agriculture

Phytohormones in Plant Biotechnology and Agriculture Book
Author : Ivana Machácková,Georgy A. Romanov
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-11
ISBN : 9401726647
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Phytohormone research is a crucially important area of plant sciences. Phytohormones are one of the key systems integrating metabolic and developmental events in the whole plant and the response of plants to external factors. Thus, they influence the yield and quality of crops. During the last decade we have slowly begun to understand the molecular mechanisms underlying phytohormone action, largely as a result of the rapid developments that have been made internationally in the field of plant molecular genetics. Putative receptor proteins for ethylene (1993- 95), brassinosteroids (1997) and cytokinins (2001) have been identified and the genes that encode them cloned. Primary response genes and elements of hormonal signal transduction have also been identified for most known phytohormones. There is now little doubt that phytohormones, like their animal counterparts, function as signal molecules and create a signalling network in the whole plant organism. The in vivo activity of hormones depends, among other things, on their rate of biosynthesis and metabolism, and on their transport into and out of target cells. Consequently, genes and enzymes involved in these processes are of particular interest. In recent years a number of genes encoding enzymes for the synthesis, modification and degradation of different phytohormones have been cloned and identified, as have genes encoding proteins involved in phytohormone transport and its regulation. Some classes of phytohormone have been shown to participate in stress reactions and can increase the resistance of plants to unfavorable environmental factors.

Plant Biotechnology Volume 1

Plant Biotechnology  Volume 1 Book
Author : Bishun Deo Prasad,Sangita Sahni,Prasant Kumar,Mohammed Wasim Siddiqui
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-12-22
ISBN : 135181950X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book, first of this new two-volume set, provides an informative tour of the basics of biotechnology to recent advances in biotechnology. Knowledge of new and fresh approaches is a prerequisite to solving plant biological problems, and to this end, the editors have brought together a group of contributors who address the most recent techniques and their applications in plant biotechnology. The chapters discuss some recent techniques such as TILLING (Targeting Induced Local Lesions In Genomes), advances in molecular techniques to study diversity, protein purification, and methods and analysis in protein-protein interaction detection. The volume also covers molecular markers and QTL mapping, including four chapters that deal with different molecular markers, development of mapping populations, and association mapping for dissecting the genetic basis of complex traits in plants in sufficient detail. The knowledge of biotechnology techniques and their applications will be valuable for researchers and scientists as well as for the many students engaged in plant biotechnology studies.

Agricultural Biotechnology

Agricultural Biotechnology Book
Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Agriculture. Subcommittee on Risk Management, Research, and Specialty Crops,United States
Publisher :
Release : 1999
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent Advances in Plant Biotechnology

Recent Advances in Plant Biotechnology Book
Author : Ara Kirakosyan,Peter B. Kaufman
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-08-15
ISBN : 9781441901941
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant biotechnology applies to three major areas of plants and their uses: (1) control of plant growth and development; (2) protection of plants against biotic and abiotic stresses; and (3) expansion of ways by which specialty foods, biochemicals, and pharmaceuticals are produced. The topic of recent advances in plant biotechnology is ripe for consideration because of the rapid developments in this ?eld that have revolutionized our concepts of sustainable food production, cost-effective alt- native energy strategies, environmental bioremediation, and production of pla- derived medicines through plant cell biotechnology. Many of the more traditional approaches to plant biotechnology are woefully out of date and even obsolete. Fresh approaches are therefore required. To this end, we have brought together a group of contributors who address the most recent advances in plant biotechnology and what they mean for human progress, and hopefully, a more sustainable future. Achievements today in plant biotechnology have already surpassed all previous expectations. These are based on promising accomplishments in the last several decades and the fact that plant biotechnology has emerged as an exciting area of research by creating unprecedented opportunities for the manipulation of biological systems. In connection with its recent advances, plant biotechnology now allows for the transfer of a greater variety of genetic information in a more precise, controlled manner. The potential for improving plant productivity and its proper use in agric- ture relies largely on newly developed DNA biotechnology and molecular markers.

Plant Biotechnology

Plant Biotechnology Book
Author : Hiru Ranabhatt,Renu Kapor
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-12-31
ISBN : 0429012977
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book summarises various aspects of plant biotechnology and is divided into 27 chapters. This edition discusses: plant cell culture and development, plant tissue culture, micropropagation, germplasm storage, haploid plants, triploid plants, in vitro pollination and fertilisation, protoplast isolation and culture, somatic cell hybridisation, synthetic seeds, plant breeding, plant derived vaccines, genetically modified foods, improving photosynthesis and crop yield, insect resistant plants, fungus resistant plants, virus resistant plants, ornamental plants, medicinal plants, recombinant DNA, molecular markers, intellectual property rights. Chapters on nanotechnology for micronutrients in soil-plant systems are a unique feature of the book.

Plant Biotechnology Principles and Applications

Plant Biotechnology  Principles and Applications Book
Author : Malik Zainul Abdin,Usha Kiran,Kamaluddin,Athar Ali
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-03-10
ISBN : 981102961X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book traces the roots of plant biotechnology from the basic sciences to current applications in the biological and agricultural sciences, industry, and medicine. Providing intriguing opportunities to manipulate plant genetic and metabolic systems, plant biotechnology has now become an exciting area of research. The book vividly describes the processes and methods used to genetically engineer plants for agricultural, environmental and industrial purposes, while also discussing related bioethical and biosafety issues. It also highlights important factors that are often overlooked by methodologies used to develop plants’ tolerance against biotic and abiotic stresses and in the development of special foods, bio-chemicals, and pharmaceuticals. The topics discussed will be of considerable interest to both graduate and postgraduate students. Further, the book offers an ideal reference guide for teachers and researcher alike, bridging the gap between fundamental and advanced approaches.