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Planetary Tectonism Across The Solar System

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Planetary Tectonism across the Solar System

Planetary Tectonism across the Solar System Book
Author : Christian Klimczak,Geoffrey C. Collins,Paul K. Byrne
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-05-01
ISBN : 0128165367
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Planetary Tectonism across the Solar System, Volume Two in the Comparative Planetology series, addresses key questions surrounding planetary tectonism, such our understanding of the global contraction of Mercury, the formation of giant rift zones on Saturn’s icy moons, or the tesserated terrain on Venus. It makes connections to Earth, such as how deformation on Mercury is both similar and different, and how to apply theoretical considerations behind plate tectonics on Earth to other planets. The book offers an up-to-date, accessible and comprehensive discussion of the major tectonic processes and landforms that shape and drive the evolution of planets, moons and smaller bodies. By placing a singular emphasis on comparing tectonic processes and landforms on all relevant Solar System bodies, with the explicit objective of providing a systems-level understanding of this widespread phenomenon, this book is ideal for anyone studying planetary tectonism. Includes an introduction that places the book in the context of the larger Comparative Planetology series Compares tectonic processes on all relevant Solar System bodies, providing a systems-level understanding of this widespread phenomenon that shapes and drives the evolution of planets, moons and smaller bodies Features over 100 color illustrations and charts to better convey concepts Offers additional online content, including figures, animations, videos and interviews with contributing authors

Volcanism and Tectonism Across the Inner Solar System

Volcanism and Tectonism Across the Inner Solar System Book
Author : T. Platz,M. Massironi,P.K. Byrne,H. Hiesinger
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release : 2015-01-05
ISBN : 1862396329
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volcanism and tectonism are the dominant endogenic means by which planetary surfaces change. This book aims to encompass the broad range in character of volcanism, tectonism, faulting and associated interactions observed on planetary bodies across the inner solar system - a region that includes Mercury, Venus, Earth, the Moon, Mars and asteroids. The diversity and breadth of landforms produced by volcanic and tectonic processes is enormous, and varies across the inner solar system bodies. As a result, the selection of prevailing landforms and their underlying formational processes that are described and highlighted in this volume are but a primer to the expansive field of planetary volcanism and tectonism. This Special Publication features 22 research articles about volcanic and tectonic processes manifest across the inner solar system.

Planetary Geology

Planetary Geology Book
Author : Angelo Pio Rossi,Stephan van Gasselt
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-11-28
ISBN : 331965179X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides an up-to-date interdisciplinary geoscience-focused overview of solid solar system bodies and their evolution, based on the comparative description of processes acting on them. Planetary research today is a strongly multidisciplinary endeavor with efforts coming from engineering and natural sciences. Key focal areas of study are the solid surfaces found in our Solar System. Some have a direct interaction with the interplanetary medium and others have dynamic atmospheres. In any of those cases, the geological records of those surfaces (and sub-surfaces) are key to understanding the Solar System as a whole: its evolution and the planetary perspective of our own planet. This book has a modular structure and is divided into 4 sections comprising 15 chapters in total. Each section builds upon the previous one but is also self-standing. The sections are: Methods and tools Processes and Sources Integration and Geological Syntheses Frontiers The latter covers the far-reaching broad topics of exobiology, early life, extreme environments and planetary resources, all areas where major advancements are expected in the forthcoming decades and both key to human exploration of the Solar System. The target readership includes advanced undergraduate students in geoscience-related topics with no specific planetary science knowledge; undergraduates in other natural science domains (e.g. physics, astronomy, biology or chemistry); graduates in engineering and space systems design who want to complement their knowledge in planetary science. The authors’ backgrounds span a broad range of topics and disciplines: rooted in Earth geoscience, their expertise covers remote sensing and cartography, field mapping, impact cratering, volcanology and tectonics, sedimentology and stratigraphy exobiology and life in extreme environments, planetary resources and mining. Several generations of planetary scientists are cooperating to provide a modern view on a discipline developed from Earth during and through Space exploration.

Mercury

Mercury Book
Author : Sean C. Solomon,Larry R. Nittler,Brian J. Anderson
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2018-12-31
ISBN : 1107154456
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Offers an authoritative synthesis of knowledge of the planet Mercury after the MESSENGER mission, for researchers and students in planetary science.

Planetary Tectonics

Planetary Tectonics Book
Author : Thomas R. Watters,Richard A. Schultz
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0521765730
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is an essential reference volume that surveys tectonic landforms on solid bodies throughout the Solar System.

Plate Tectonics Crustal Evolution

Plate Tectonics   Crustal Evolution Book
Author : Kent C. Condie
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 1483286657
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This substantially revised edition includes recently published information relating to plate tectonics and continental origin. A large number of new figures have been added, and new sections included on meteorites, seismic tomography, mantle convection, accretionary terranes, mantle sources and evolution, continental growth, secular changes in Earth history, also a new chapter on exogenic Earth systems. In addition the following topics have been substantially revised: lunar origin, global gravity, origin of the core, metamorphism, plate boundaries, hotspots, tectonic settings, and magma associations. Among the new features the Tectonic Map of the World has also been updated.

Thrust Faulting on the Terrestrial Planets

Thrust Faulting on the Terrestrial Planets Book
Author : Kelsey Taylor Warden
Publisher :
Release : 2019
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The exterior of a planet often reflects its internal workings. On planets with little to no erosion, the surface geology can record billions of years of planetary evolution. Mercury, the smallest planet in our solar system, has not experienced aqueous erosion and as such, is an ideal site for exploring the longest-lived and most ancient planetary processes. These include global contraction (a decrease in planet volume), tidal despinning (slowing of the planet's rotation), and reorientation (a shift in the orientation of the rotational axis). Each of these processes contributes to stresses that have influenced the tectonic development of structures like faults and folds in the rocks, often basalts, that cover the surface of the planet. On Earth, regional processes are also recorded in local structures. Studying the development of faults and folds is important for understanding the tectonic context of their structural evolution. Research presented in this dissertation ties together Earth and other-planetary tectonism, deciphering what structures are telling us about planetary evolution. By describing how basalts deform, I relate their deformation to more widespread processes. I present the first quantitative estimates for strain rates from global contraction on Mercury ranging back ~4 Ga, and describe the likely structural style of faulting based on the most detailed tectonic map ever produced of another planet. Results from mapping have also allowed for the constraint of the timing of despinning and reorientation. An investigation of an Earth analogue to these structures, the Yakima Fold Province of central Washington state is also carried out. The structures are represented with a three-dimensional model produced from structural data collected in the field and ~44 km of seismic profile interpretations. Insight into the distribution of deformation across these folds and faults has allowed me to intimately relate the strain observed in the belt to the tectonic setting of the Cenozoic northwest, including the opening of the Basin and Range, subduction of the Juan de Fuca and Farallon plates, and hotspot volcanism in the Snake River Plain.

Fundamentals of Physical Geology

Fundamentals of Physical Geology Book
Author : Sreepat Jain
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-10-18
ISBN : 8132215397
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Physical Geology is a vast subject and it is not possible to cover all aspects in one book. This book does not invent the wheel but merely put together sets of updated but concise material on Physical Geology with lots of illustrations. All illustrations are created by hand and give a real classroom feel to the book. Students or readers can easily reproduce them by hand. This is a book, where a diagram says it all. The book is divided into four parts. The first part “The Solar System and Cosmic Bodies” deals with elements of our Solar System and the cosmic bodies around it (like meteorites, asteroids, etc.). The second part “The Earth Materials” deals with Earth and its internal structure. The third part “The Hydrologic System” is more exhaustive and deals with the hydrological system of the Earth including Weathering and Mass Wasting, Streams, Groundwater, Karst, Glaciers, Oceans and Aeolian Processes and Landforms. The fourth and the final part “The Tectonic System” deals with different aspects of Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes and Volcanoes.

Alien Volcanoes

Alien Volcanoes Book
Author : Rosaly M. C. Lopes,Michael W. Carroll
Publisher : JHU Press
Release : 2008-05
ISBN : 0801886732
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

At once terrifyingly destructive and awe-inspiringly beautiful, volcanoes have long fascinated humankind. From Vesuvius and Etna to Krakatau and Mount Saint Helen’s, these molten rock- and ash-spewing geysers have destroyed whole cities and countless lives, and altered the course of history. Yet our understanding of volcanoes on Earth—and throughout the celestial world—remains maddeningly incomplete. With Alien Volcanoes, Rosaly M. C. Lopes and Michael W. Carroll offer a dynamic tour of volcanic activity across the solar system. Through eight gracefully written chapters laced with gripping photographs and stunning artwork, Lopes and Carroll survey the complete spectrum of volcanism in time and location, from the solar system’s origin to the modern era and from the familiar shield volcanoes of the terrestrial worlds to the bizarre superchilled geysers on distant ice moons. In the process, they entertain the possibility of hidden lakes on Saturn’s moon Enceladus, discuss the potential effects of greenhouse gases on Neptune’s moon Triton, reconstruct the last moments of life for Pompeiians in the face of an erupting Mount Vesuvius, and explain how a 4,000-mile-long river of lava could have once flowed freely across the plains of Venus. Richly illustrated with original paintings supplemented by NASA and European Space Agency photographs, Alien Volcanoes advances our knowledge of volcanoes on other heavenly bodies, enhances our ability to comprehend how they came into being on Earth, and describes how we might better predict the impact of future eruptions.

Introduction to Earth and Planetary System Science

Introduction to Earth and Planetary System Science Book
Author : Naotatsu Shikazono
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-03-12
ISBN : 443154058X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents basic information on material science (geochemistry, geophysics, geology, mineralogy, etc.), interaction between subsystem consisting earth system (atmosphere, hydrosphere, litho (geo) sphere, biosphere, humans) and in earth-planet system and evolution of earth-planetary system. The nature-humans interactions are described and new view on earth, planets and humans (integration of anthropocentrism and naturecentrism) are presented.

Physics of the Solar System

Physics of the Solar System Book
Author : B. Bertotti,Paolo Farinella,David Vokrouhlický
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2003
ISBN : 9781402014284
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume covers most areas in the physics of the solar system, with special emphasis on gravitational dynamics; its gist is the rational, in particular mathematical, understanding of the main processes at work. Special stress is given to the variety of objects in the planetary system and their long-term evolution. The unique character of this book is its breadth and depth, which aims at bringing the reader to the threshold of original research; however, special chapters and introductory sections are included for the benefit of the beginner. The volume is generally suitable for post-graduate students and researchers in physics, especially in the field related to the solar system. A large amount of figures and diagrams is included, often compiled with real data.

Planetary Surface Processes

Planetary Surface Processes Book
Author : H. Jay Melosh
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2011-08-25
ISBN : 1139498304
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Planetary Surface Processes is the first advanced textbook to cover the full range of geologic processes that shape the surfaces of planetary-scale bodies. Using a modern, quantitative approach, this book reconsiders geologic processes outside the traditional terrestrial context. It highlights processes that are contingent upon Earth's unique circumstances and processes that are universal. For example, it shows explicitly that equations predicting the velocity of a river are dependent on gravity: traditional geomorphology textbooks fail to take this into account. This textbook is a one-stop source of information on planetary surface processes, providing readers with the necessary background to interpret new data from NASA, ESA and other space missions. Based on a course taught by the author at the University of Arizona for 25 years, it is aimed at advanced students, and is also an invaluable resource for researchers, professional planetary scientists and space-mission engineers.

How to Find a Habitable Planet

How to Find a Habitable Planet Book
Author : James Kasting
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0691138052
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ever since Carl Sagan first predicted that extraterrestrial civilizations must number in the millions, the search for life on other planets has gripped our imagination. Is Earth so rare that advanced life forms like us--or even the simplest biological organisms--are unique to the universe? How to Find a Habitable Planet describes how scientists are testing Sagan's prediction, and demonstrates why Earth may not be so rare after all. James Kasting has worked closely with NASA in its mission to detect habitable worlds outside our solar system, and in this book he introduces readers to the advanced methodologies being used in this extraordinary quest. He addresses the compelling questions that planetary scientists grapple with today: What exactly makes a planet habitable? What are the signatures of life astronomers should look for when they scan the heavens for habitable worlds? In providing answers, Kasting explains why Earth has remained habitable despite a substantial rise in solar luminosity over time, and why our neighbors, Venus and Mars, haven't. If other Earth-sized planets endowed with enough water and carbon are out there, he argues, chances are good that some of those planets sustain life. Kasting describes the efforts under way to find them, and predicts that future discoveries will profoundly alter our view of the universe and our place in it. This book is a must-read for anyone who has ever dreamed of finding other planets like ours--and perhaps even life like ours--in the cosmos.

Post Punk Perception

Post Punk Perception Book
Author : Edmund Wong
Publisher : Xlibris Corporation
Release : 2013-07-27
ISBN : 1483672743
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Growing up in Singapore in the 80s has been challenging. I didn't know much about life or economy. I didn't know what I want to do apart from playing. I know I had to study and get a job. In school we had to write composition about our profession when we grow up. I had never wanted to be a philosopher, let alone writing about social philosophy. It is just that growing up with a single parent is tough. It is tougher when she is uneducated and I had to learn most things by myself. After my National Service, I decided to further studies. That was when I was exposed to philosophy and psychology in the UK. After graduation in 1999 with a degree in Electronics, I came back home to resume my National Service (I disrupt it and had about 2 months left). The life in UK exposed me to something that I did not notice when growing up in Singapore. I find local social scene unsatisfactory. They are Confucians, Muslims, Christians, freethinkers and humanists. Most time, they are preoccupied with how to earn more money. Religion does not give me the fulfillment that it promised. In addition, most were based on Singaporeans' interpretation of the Bible and Buddhism's dharma. Most times, I feel that everything that Singaporeans do has got to do with wealth creation or at least with the expenditure of it. It end up like what Pope Francis referred to as "the cult of money." Organised religion involves more fear-mongering than cultivating an inner grace and peace. Hence this book is about how I relate an ancient thinker's ethics (Aristotle) to the present day. I find Aristotle's ethics to most suit my needs as a man and lover. It does not pretend to be more than what it seek, the golden mean. It does require us to think and explore the values to find balance and achieve wisdom with intellectual and moral virtues. I also find other philosophers (French or not) particularly insightful and thought-provoking. They offer me explanation and exploration on subjects like love, sex, and death. Freudian psychoanalysis are also very penetrating in their findings and insights. Moreover, I needed some contemporary psychological theory, not in-depth psychoanalysis, to back Aristotle's model of ethics (intellectual and moral virtues). Hence the psychological background of my book. I got acquainted with these psychological theories when I was preparing myself to be a financial consultant. I later found out more about them and they became useful in my work and life. Hence I would like to share it with people in Asia so that they can ask the right kind of questions in life in order to learn more about themselves and the social milieu they are living in. Because everyone of us are affected by the social sciences (politics, economics and sociology). This book will, I hope, allow us to understand why we are irrational and how we can make rational changes through reasonings in their life and achieving eudaimonia. My wish is simply to share what I enjoy doing, apart from creating useful ideas to improve the world. Through my book, I hope to make others understand religion, science and philosophy and how they play an increasingly integral part in the Asian century.

Voyages Through the Universe

Voyages Through the Universe Book
Author : Andrew Fraknoi,David Morrison,Sidney C. Wolff
Publisher : Harcourt Brace College Publishers
Release : 1997
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

VOYAGES THROUGH THE UNIVERSE provides students and professors with the ideal combination of authors and experience. It is written by an award-winning astronomy educator (Fraknoi) and two distinguished research scientists (Morrison at NASA and Wolff at NOAO). This author team combines the latest science with classroom-tested teaching strategies and a student-friendly approach. Through unique group activities and a focus on astronomy as a human endeavor, the authors engage and involve students, helping them both understand and enjoy astronomy. The market-leading technology package includes access to InfoTracCollege Edition (free!) and TheSky Student Edition CD-ROM (free!), as well as an optional package with the RedShift College Edition CD-ROM (including animations) along with an accompanying workbook.

Earth Science Multiple Choice Questions and Answers MCQs

Earth Science Multiple Choice Questions and Answers  MCQs  Book
Author : Arshad Iqbal
Publisher : Bushra Arshad
Release :
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Earth Science Multiple Choice Questions and Answers (MCQs): Quizzes & Practice Tests with Answer Key" covers mock tests for competitive exams. This book can help to learn and practice Earth Science Quizzes as a quick study guide for placement test preparation. "Earth Science Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)" will help with theoretical, conceptual, and analytical study for self-assessment, career tests. "Earth Science Multiple Choice Questions and Answers" pdf is a revision guide with a collection of trivia questions to fun quiz questions and answers pdf on topics: agents of erosion and deposition, atmosphere composition, atmosphere layers, earth atmosphere, earth models and maps, earth science and models, earthquakes, energy resources, minerals and earth crust, movement of ocean water, oceanography: ocean water, oceans exploration, oceans of world, planets facts, planets for kids, plates tectonics, restless earth: plate tectonics, rocks and minerals mixtures, solar system for kids, solar system formation, space astronomy, space science, stars galaxies and universe, tectonic plates for kids, temperature, weather and climate to enhance teaching and learning. Earth Science Quiz Questions and Answers pdf also covers the syllabus of many competitive papers for admission exams of different schools from science textbooks on chapters: Agents of Erosion and Deposition Multiple Choice Questions: 20 MCQs Atmosphere Composition Multiple Choice Questions: 13 MCQs Atmosphere Layers Multiple Choice Questions: 12 MCQs Earth Atmosphere Multiple Choice Questions: 40 MCQs Earth Models and Maps Multiple Choice Questions: 163 MCQs Earth Science and Models Multiple Choice Questions: 131 MCQs Earthquakes Multiple Choice Questions: 29 MCQs Energy Resources Multiple Choice Questions: 107 MCQs Minerals and Earth Crust Multiple Choice Questions: 97 MCQs Movement of Ocean Water Multiple Choice Questions: 18 MCQs Oceanography: Ocean Water Multiple Choice Questions: 31 MCQs Oceans Exploration Multiple Choice Questions: 45 MCQs Oceans of World Multiple Choice Questions: 25 MCQs Planets Facts Multiple Choice Questions: 14 MCQs Planets Multiple Choice Questions: 82 MCQs Plates Tectonics Multiple Choice Questions: 41 MCQs Restless Earth: Plate Tectonics Multiple Choice Questions: 17 MCQs Rocks and Minerals Mixtures Multiple Choice Questions: 164 MCQs Solar System Multiple Choice Questions: 15 MCQs Solar System Formation Multiple Choice Questions: 18 MCQs Space Astronomy Multiple Choice Questions: 38 MCQs Space Science Multiple Choice Questions: 52 MCQs Stars Galaxies and Universe Multiple Choice Questions: 59 MCQs Tectonic Plates Multiple Choice Questions: 13 MCQs Temperature Multiple Choice Questions: 15 MCQs Weather and Climate Multiple Choice Questions: 103 MCQs The chapter “Agents of Erosion and Deposition MCQs” covers topics of glacial deposits types, angle of repose, glaciers and landforms carved, physical science, rapid mass movement, and slow mass movement. The chapter “Atmosphere Composition MCQs” covers topics of composition of atmosphere, layers of atmosphere, energy in atmosphere, human caused pollution sources, ozone hole, wind, and air pressure. The chapter “Atmosphere Layers MCQs” covers topics of layers of atmosphere, earth layers formation, human caused pollution sources, and primary pollutants. The chapter “Earth Atmosphere MCQs” covers topics of layers of atmosphere, energy in atmosphere, atmospheric pressure and temperature, air pollution and human health, cleaning up air pollution, global winds, human caused pollution sources, ozone hole, physical science, primary pollutants, solar energy, wind, and air pressure, and winds storms. The chapter “Earth Models and Maps MCQs” covers topics of introduction to topographic maps, earth maps, map projections, earth surface mapping, azimuthal projection, direction on earth, earth facts, earth system science, elements of elevation, equal area projections, equator, flat earth sphere, flat earth theory, geographic information system (GIS), GPS, latitude, longitude, modern mapmaking, north and south pole, planet earth, prime meridian, remote sensing, science experiments, science projects, topographic map symbols, and venus. The chapter “Earth Science and Models MCQs” covers topics of branches of earth science, geology science, right models, climate models, astronomy facts, black smokers, derived quantities, geoscience, international system of units, mathematical models, measurement units, meteorology, metric conversion, metric measurements, oceanography facts, optical telescope, physical quantities, planet earth, science experiments, science formulas, SI systems, temperature units, SI units, types of scientific models, and unit conversion. The chapter “Earthquakes MCQs” covers topics of earthquake forecasting, earthquake strength and intensity, locating earthquake, faults: tectonic plate boundaries, seismic analysis, and seismic waves. The chapter “Energy Resources MCQs” covers topics of energy resources, alternative resources, conservation of natural resources, fossil fuels sources, nonrenewable resources, planet earth, renewable resources, atom and fission, chemical energy, combining atoms: fusion, earth science facts, earth’s resource, fossil fuels formation, fossil fuels problems, science for kids, science projects, and types of fossil fuels. The chapter “Minerals and Earth Crust MCQs” covers topics of what is mineral, mineral structure, minerals and density, minerals and hardness, minerals and luster, minerals and streak, minerals color, minerals groups, mining of minerals, use of minerals, cleavage and fracture, responsible mining, rocks and minerals, and science formulas. The chapter “Movement of Ocean Water MCQs” covers topics of ocean currents, deep currents, science for kids, and surface currents. The chapter “Oceanography: Ocean Water MCQs” covers topics of anatomy of wave, lure of moon, surface current and climate, tidal variations, tides and topography, types of waves, wave formation, and movement. The chapter “Oceans Exploration MCQs” covers topics of exploring ocean: underwater vessels, benthic environment, benthic zone, living resources, nonliving resources, ocean pollution, save ocean, science projects, and three groups of marine life. The chapter “Oceans of World MCQs” covers topics of ocean floor, global ocean division, ocean water characteristics, and revealing ocean floor. The chapter “Planets’ Facts MCQs” covers topics of inner and outer solar system, earth and space, interplanetary distances, Luna: moon of earth, mercury, meteoride, moon of planets, Saturn, and Venus. The chapter “Planets MCQs” covers topics of solar system, discovery of solar system, inner and outer solar system, asteroids, comets, earth and space, Jupiter, Luna: moon of earth, mars planet, mercury, meteoride, moon of planets, Neptune, radars, Saturn, Uranus, Venus, and wind storms. The chapter “Plates Tectonics MCQs” covers topics of breakup of tectonic plates boundaries, tectonic plates motion, tectonic plates, plate tectonics and mountain building, pangaea, earth crust, earth interior, earth rocks deformation, earth rocks faulting, earth rocks folding, sea floor spreading, and wegener continental drift hypothesis. The chapter “Restless Earth: Plate Tectonics MCQs” covers topics of composition of earth, earth crust, earth system science, and physical structure of

Raging Planet

Raging Planet Book
Author : Bill McGuire
Publisher : Barrons Educational Series
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9780764119699
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volcanoes, earthquakes, and giant killer tidal waves called tsunamis . . . We think of these events as disasters, but for Earth they are merely business as usual. This dramatically illustrated book describes some of the more than 3,000 active volcanoes scattered around the planet, and chronicles many of history's most devastating volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, and tidal waves. The author explains that volcanoes and earthquakes both result from movement of the Earth's vast tectonic plates, and are most likely to occur at or near places where two or more plates come together. Such movement has been going on since the Earth's origins, creating mountain ranges and dividing the landmass into separate continents. Described in these pages are volcanic blasts from the past: Vesuvius, Italy in 79 A.D. ... Laki, Iceland in 1783 ... Tambora, Indonesia in 1815 ... Krakatoa, Indonesia in 1883 ... Mount St. Helens, Washington State in 1980 ... Pinatubo, the Philippines in 1991, and others. Also chronicled are earthquakes that have struck large population centers, producing disasters in Lisbon, Portugal, in 1755, San Francisco in 1906, Tokyo-Yokohama, Japan, in 1923, and Kobe, Japan, in 1995. The Earth's major trouble spots and likely targets for future earthquakes are described. Urban areas in greatest danger continue to be those along the Pacific Rim, which encompasses North America's West Coast and most of Japan's cities. Here is an intensely readable summary of natural disasters that have struck the earth, along with informed speculation on how and when similar events will recur in the future. More than 200 color illustrations.

The Expanding Earth

The Expanding Earth Book
Author : S.W. Carey
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 1483289559
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Developments in Geotectonics, 10: The Expanding Earth focuses on the principles, methodologies, transformations, and approaches involved in the expanding earth concept. The book first elaborates on the development of the expanding earth concept, necessity for expansion, and the subduction myth. Discussions focus on higher velocity under Benioff zone, seismic attenuation, blue schists and paired metamorphic belts, dispersion of polygons, arctic paradox, and kinematic contrast. The manuscript then ponders on the scale of tectonic phenomena, non-uniformitarianism, tectonic profiles, and paleomagnetism. Concerns cover global paleomagnetism, general summary of the tectonic profile, implosions, fluid pressures, pure shear, crustal extension, simple shear with horizontal axis, geological examples of scale fields, and length-time fields of deformation. The publication explores the cause of expansion, modes of crustal extension, and rotation and asymmetry of the earth, including dynamic asymmetry, precessions, nutations, librations, and wobbles at fixed obliquity, variation of rate of rotation, and categories of submarine ridges. The text is a dependable source of data for researchers wanting to study the concept of expanding earth.