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Phytoremediation Potential Of Perennial Grasses

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Phytoremediation Potential of Perennial Grasses

Phytoremediation Potential of Perennial Grasses Book
Author : Vimal Chandra Pandey,D.P. Singh
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-03-27
ISBN : 0128177330
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Phytoremediation Potential of Perennial Grasses provides readers with the knowledge to select specific perennial grass species according to site-specific needs. In addition, it demonstrates the potential opportunities for grass-based phytoremediation to yield phytoproducts, especially biomass-based bioenergy and aromatic essential oils as a green economy while in the process of remediating contaminated sites. The book brings together recent and established knowledge on different aspects of grass-based phytoremediation, providing this information in a single source that offers a cutting-edge synthesis of scientific and experiential knowledge on polluted site restoration that is useful for both practitioners and scientists in environmental science and ecology. Provides a holistic approach to grass-based phytoremediation, covering the ecological, economic and social issues related to its management Addresses the key role that grass-based phytoremediation plays in maintaining ecosystem services in polluted sites Includes strategies to mitigate costs related to the phytoremediation of polluted sites

Perennial Grasses for Bioenergy and Bioproducts

Perennial Grasses for Bioenergy and Bioproducts Book
Author : Efthymia Alexopoulou
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-01-10
ISBN : 0128129018
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Perennial Grasses for Bioenergy and Bioproducts: Production, Uses, Sustainability and Markets for Giant Reed, Miscanthus, Switchgrass, Reed Canary Grass and Bamboo brings together a team of international authors to explore the current utilization, sustainability and future perspectives of perennial grasses in the bioeconomy. The book begins by examining the role of these crops as feedstock for bioenergy, in particular advanced biofuels and bioproducts. It then offers five chapters, each covering one perennial grass type, namely giant reed, miscanthus, switchgrass, reed canary grass and bamboo. The book covers their breeding, cultivation, harvesting, pre-treatment, economics and characterization. The book goes on to present the thermochemical conversion pathways for different types of feedstock. The last chapter explores issues concerning sustainability of perennial grasses, including their production in marginal lands. This thorough overview is a helpful reference for engineering researchers and professionals in the bioenergy sector, whose understanding of feedstock characterization, sustainability and production is critical in the development of conversion technologies. Those in the industrial crops sector will benefit from discussion of various issues surrounding crop production, which can guide their feedstock cultivation, harvesting and pre-treatment for specific conversion processes or end use. The book is also a useful resource for instructors and students in Masters and PhD programs in the area of biomass and energy crops. Policy makers and government agents involved in regulating the bioenergy and bioproducts sector will find comprehensive information to guide their decision making. Explores the whole value chain of grassy feedstock for advanced biofuels and bioproducts, from cultivation to end use, including biomass characterization (physical properties, chemical composition, etc.) and conversion and sustainability Examines the sustainability and economic factors related to perennial grasses and their conversion into biofuels and bioproducts Includes a complete list of grasses relevant for energy uses, and tables with their current and expected future uses and markets

Comptes Rendus

Comptes Rendus Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Comptes Rendus book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Science Culture

Science   Culture Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Science Culture book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Pesticide Decontamination and Detoxification

Pesticide Decontamination and Detoxification Book
Author : Jay J. Gan
Publisher : Amer Chemical Society
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores chemical and biological means to decontaminate and detoxify pesticides and biocides. It contains new studies and concise reviews, and encompasses molecular engineering at one end, and field applications at the other.

Can J Microbiol

Can J Microbiol Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Can J Microbiol book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Remediation of Sites with Dispersed Radioactive Contamination

Remediation of Sites with Dispersed Radioactive Contamination Book
Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
Publisher : IAEA
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report provides an overview of remediation technologies that are particularly suited to the remediation of dispersed contamination. Dispersed low level contamination poses a particular challenge. Many techniques are not efficient below certain concentration thresholds or entail more severe impacts on certain environmental compartments than the contamination itself. The technologies are outlined in brief, and their advantages and limitations are discussed. The need for a holistic design of the remedial action is stressed.

Angewandte Botanik

Angewandte Botanik Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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Phytoextraction of Lead from Contaminated Soil by Panicum Virgatum L switchgrass and Associated Growth Responses

Phytoextraction of Lead from Contaminated Soil by Panicum Virgatum L   switchgrass  and Associated Growth Responses Book
Author : Anne Maureen Gleeson
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Growing interest in biomass crops for energy production has focused attention on Panicum virgatum L. (switchgrass) as a promising perennial feedstock native to much of North America. Switchgrass may be processed into products such as pulp and paper, ethanol, and fuel pellets. A robust C4 grass, switchgrass typically produces 10-12 dry tonnes/ha on agricultural soils in average growing conditions; this study shows that reduced but substantive yields are also possible on soils rendered unsuitable for food crop production by lead contamination over the acceptable level of 70 ppm. Switchgrass offers not only tolerance to lead in the soil environment, but also the potential for extraction of lead contaminants. Integrating the growth of switchgrass for biomass with phytoremediation could provide greater opportunity for biomass production, while eventually increasing the suitability of such lands for agricultural production. This study examines the potential for using switchgrass to remove lead from the soil and to translocate the contaminant to the leafy portions of the plant, where it could be removed from the site through biomass harvest. Roots of plants treated with 6000 and 10000 ppm lead solution from the time of seeding displayed some morphological changes and growth inhibition, yet, produced biomass comparable to expected yields and removed up to 0.1% of the applied lead solution. Established switchgrass displayed few morphological changes and no significant loss of biomass when treated with lead acetate solution while extracting lead into harvestable tissues. As the primary root is the organ through which water, solutes and heavy metals pass into the plant, the dense, fibrous root system of switchgrass may aid in the ability of this plant to extract contaminants from soil without significantly hindering above ground biomass production. Switchgrass grown on brownfield soil, with contamination levels of up to 23600 ppm translocated lead into harvestable tissues without significant changes in biomass production or growth characteristics. However, symptoms of phytotoxicity were observed in switchgrass grown on soil containing 36100 ppm lead. Atomic absorption spectrometry and inductively coupled plasma analyses indicate that lead accumulation in harvestable tissues of switchgrass occurs at rates comparable to those in previous studies. The presence of dark staining deposits, detected by light microscopy in the root and shoot tissue of switchgrass treated with high concentrations of applied lead (13800, 10000), suggests an adaptive response within the plant. Successful integration of phytoremediation with growth of biomass crops such as switchgrass may provide effective reclamation of contaminated soils, while contributing to a sustainable energy economy.

Using Energy Crops for Biofuels or Food The Choice

Using Energy Crops for Biofuels or Food  The Choice Book
Author : Annoula Paschalidou,Michael Tsatiris,Kyriaki Kitikidou,Christina Papadopoulou
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-05-10
ISBN : 3319639439
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book performs a SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats) analysis to examine the current food crisis and how it relates to the use of crops for energy. It analyses how energy crops may help solve humankind’s environmental changes and summarises the economic and practical changes of cultivating and utilising energy crops. Two of humanity’s greatest challenges are the need for more food production as well as growing demands for energy. Biofuel cultivation has been identified as a solution to growing energy use, and biomass power plants offer a rare renewable energy source that requires only basic technology. In this context, a dilemma arises concerning whether energy crops should be used for energy or to help remedy the food crisis. SWOT analysis allows us to organise and weigh different pros and cons against each other in terms of economics, job creation, environmental impacts, the climate change agenda, and European Union (EU) directives that promote biofuels over fossil fuels. By pursuing this approach, the book helps researchers and decision-makers cut through the many competing arguments in connection with this complex subject.

Analysis of PAH degrading Bacteria Associated with Phytoremediation

Analysis of PAH degrading Bacteria Associated with Phytoremediation Book
Author : Endang Susilawati
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Analysis of PAH degrading Bacteria Associated with Phytoremediation book written by Endang Susilawati, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Wetlands Remediation An International Conference Salt Lake City Utah November 16 17 1999

Wetlands   Remediation  An International Conference  Salt Lake City  Utah  November 16 17  1999 Book
Author : Jeffrey L. Means,Robert E. Hinchee
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

- Natural Attenuation- Biological and Ecological Considerations- Wetlands Hydrology and Morphology- Wetlands for Wastewater Remediations and Treatment- Remediation for Contaminated Wetlands- Wetlands Design and Construction- Explosives and Wetlands- Metals and Inorganics.

Phytoremediation Wetlands and Sediments

Phytoremediation  Wetlands  and Sediments Book
Author : Andrea Leeson
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The symposium included 600 presentations in 50 sessions on bioremediation and supporting technologies used for a wide range of contaminants already in, or poised to invade, soil, groundwater, and sediment. Three hundred and fifty-two papers were selected and organized into ten volumes. Volume five's articles address the use of trees and wetland flora to remediate sites contaminated with hydrocarbons, chlorinated compounds, TNT, heavy metals, and other substances. Articles average eight pages, and contain abstracts and references. Annotation copyrighted by Book News Inc., Portland, OR.

Canadian Journal of Botany

Canadian Journal of Botany Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America Book
Author : National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America book written by National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Phytoremediation and Metal Speciation in Highway Soils

Phytoremediation and Metal Speciation in Highway Soils Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Research was conducted to develop a cost effective and environmentally friendly technology to limit the dispersal of metal contaminants from highway traffic in the soil to the surrounding natural environment. The study comprised preliminary field measurements followed by two pot experiments and a field study. The first study evaluated the phytoextraction/ phytostabilisation potential of five plant species: Brassica napus L (rape), Helianthus annuus L. (sunflower), Lolium perenne L (perennial rye grass), Poa pratensis L (Kentucky blue grass) and Festuca rubra L (creeping red fescue) for metals (Cu, Mn, Pb and Zn), in soils with different metal contamination levels. The promising plant species identified were Lolium perenne, Festuca rubra and Poa pratensis. Total soil and plant metal concentrations, as well as the relative metal partitioning in different soil fractions and in plants were determined to provide an estimate of the mobility and potential bioavailability of metals in the soil. The second study evaluated the effectiveness of soil-plant-amendment interaction in immobilising metals in the soil. The amendments included lime, phosphate and compost individually and in combination, and were applied to the plant species: Lolium, Poa and Festuca. Maximum metal immobilisation was achieved in the soil by the combined application of amendments in conjunction with growth of Festuca for Cu, Poa for Pb and Zn and Lolium for Mn. The results obtained from first and second studies were confirmed by conducting field studies. A completely randomized factorial experiment in split plot design with three plant species (Lolium, Poa, and Festuca) individually and in combination, with and without soil amendments was conducted along Highway 17 soil in southwest British Columbia. The influence of root-soil interactions and seasonal influence on the solubility and bioavailability of metals in the soil with and without soil amendments was also evaluated. The best management practices).

CUTT

CUTT Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download CUTT book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Turfgrass

Turfgrass Book
Author : John C. Stier,Brian P. Horgan,Stacy A. Bonos
Publisher : ACSESS
Release : 2020-01-22
ISBN : 9780891186137
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sustainability is a key framework for analyzing biological systems—and turfgrass is no exception. It is part of a complex that encompasses turfgrass interactions with different environments and the suitability of different turfgrasses for specific environments. In addition to its biological role, turfgrass—in the form of lawns, green spaces, and playing surfaces—brings beneficial sociological effects to an increasingly urbanized society. This book presents a comprehensive overview of current knowledge and issues in the field of turfgrass research and management, including the genetics and breeding, the diseases and pests, and the ecology of turfgrasses, and will appeal to a broad spectrum of readers.

Recombinant DNA Technology II

Recombinant DNA Technology II Book
Author : Rakesh K. Bajpai,Aleš Prokop
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1994
ISBN : 9780897668217
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text addresses many of the practical concerns and techniques for employing genetic manipulation in micro-organisms, plants and animals, linking the disciplines of molecular biology and process engineering. The contributors represent a broad sample of the researchers in the field, aiming to provide a useful single volume that spans the entire scope of the technologies that can alter the genomes of many living species.

Phytoextraction of Lead Contaminated Soils Using Perennial Plants

Phytoextraction of Lead Contaminated Soils Using Perennial Plants Book
Author : Ruby Sue Beil
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Phytoextraction of Lead Contaminated Soils Using Perennial Plants book written by Ruby Sue Beil, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.