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Phytochemistry The Military And Health Phytotoxins And Natural Defenses

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Phytochemistry the Military and Health

Phytochemistry  the Military and Health Book
Author : Andrew G. Mtewa,Chukwuebuka Egbuna
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-03-02
ISBN : 0128232307
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Phytochemistry, the Military and Health: Phytotoxins and Natural Defenses comes as a response to the gap that there has for so long existed between phytochemistry and survival of both service personnel and civilian communities during and after conflicts. Armed conflicts cause a lot of devastation to communities and should be avoided as much as it can be possible. The devastation is usually evident in service provisions such as Health, Education, Water, and Food among many others. Both service personnel and civilians are affected to various degrees. Facilities usually end up being physically destroyed, with no essential supplies and/or having dysfunctional systems. Going with untreated wounds, communicable and non-communicable diseases for weeks with no medical interventions due to the conflicts, disease burdens heavily weigh down on communities as well as security personnel. To make the situation even more complicated, masses of people are forced to migrate for safety and security reasons, likely going with diseases along wherever they go. In such instances, phytochemicals become handy in providing solutions from first aid, basic analgesia, antimicrobials, and the general improvement of health. Phytochemicals are known to play a major role in the day to day management of diseases and health. There has been much research into their effectiveness as community medicines and as alternatives to conventional drugs. However, the role that phytochemicals play in the military, counterterrorism, and security has been overlooked. Phytochemistry, the Military and Health: Phytotoxins and Natural Defenses discusses the roles that phytochemicals play as friends and foes in the military, including insights aimed to help develop antidotes against phytochemicals and other chemical agents used maliciously as weapons. Filling a gap between drug discovery, security, and emergency medicine, this book describes which plants can be categorized for protection and controls, which can be helpful in times of conflicts and soon after conflicts, in military operations, and those that can be used as deterrents and as emergency medicines. Carefully designed to show the contribution that phytochemicals play in safety and security, this book is useful for researchers, regulators and anyone interested in plant chemistry. Covers the contribution that phytochemicals play in safety and security Contains insights that will help in the development of antidotes against phytochemical and other chemical weapons Categorizes plants in terms of their usefulness as well as the potential security risks they possess

Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals

Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals Book
Author : Chukwuebuka Egbuna,Genevieve Dable Tupas
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-08-24
ISBN : 3030423190
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Functional foods and nutraceuticals are food products that naturally offer or have been modified to offer additional health benefits beyond basic nutrition. As such products have surged in popularity in recent years, it is crucial that researchers and manufacturers understand the concepts underpinning functional foods and the opportunity they represent to improve human health, reduce healthcare costs, and support economic development worldwide. Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals: Bioactive Components, Formulations and Innovations presents a guide to functional foods from experienced professionals in key institutions around the world. The text provides background information on the health benefits, bioavailability, and safety measurements of functional foods and nutraceuticals. Subsequent chapters detail the bioactive components in functional foods responsible for these health benefits, as well as the different formulations of these products and recent innovations spurred by consumer demands. Authors emphasize product development for increased marketability, taking into account safety issues associated with functional food adulteration and solutions to be found in GMP adherence. Various food preservation methods aimed at enhancing the quality and shelf life of functional food are also highlighted. Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals: Bioactive Components, Formulations and Innovations is the first of its kind, designed to be useful to students, teachers, nutritionists, food scientists, food technologists and public health regulators alike.

Neglected Tropical Diseases and Phytochemicals in Drug Discovery

Neglected Tropical Diseases and Phytochemicals in Drug Discovery Book
Author : Muhammad Akram,Chukwuebuka Egbuna,Jonathan Chinenye Ifemeje
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-10-25
ISBN : 1119617154
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

NEGLECTED TROPICAL DISEASES AND PHYTOCHEMICALS IN DRUG DISCOVERY Explore novel drug discovery updates from medicinal plants to help fight the devastating effects of neglected tropical diseases Neglected Tropical Diseases and Phytochemicals in Drug Discovery delivers a comprehensive exploration of the drug discovery process as it pertains to neglected tropical diseases. The book covers recent advancements in drug discovery, as well as druggable targets and new challenges facing the industry. It offers readers expansive discussions of specific diseases, including protozoan, helminth, bacterial, viral, fungal, and ectoparasitic infections. This book provides readers with insightful perspectives from leading industry voices on fifty years of trends and progress in the search for new, safe, and affordable therapeutic drugs in the fight against neglected tropical diseases. It includes information beneficial to researchers in a variety of fields of biology, chemistry, medicine, and pharmaceuticals. The distinguished authors cover topics including the effects of phytochemicals on the causative agent of leprosy and the potential applicability of phytochemicals in the management of Dengue fever. Readers will also enjoy the inclusion of: Thorough introductions to neglected tropical diseases, phytochemicals, protein targets, and mechanisms in drug discovery, as well as the epidemiology of neglected tropical diseases An exploration of novel bioactive lead compounds for drug discovery against neglected tropical diseases, leishmaniasis, lymphatic filariasis, trypanosomiasis, and schistosomiasis Discussions of protozoan infections, including herbal, nutritional, and traditional remedies for giardiasis and the anti-leishmanial potentials of phytochemicals Examinations of helminth infections, including the prospects of phytochemicals in the treatment of helminthiasis Perfect for medicinal chemists, drug developers, and research and development scientists, Neglected Tropical Diseases and Phytochemicals in Drug Discovery will also earn a place in the libraries of toxicologists and researchers in biology, chemistry, medicinal chemistry, ethnobotany, and bioinformatics seeking a one-stop resource for drug discovery for neglected tropical diseases.

Medical Biotechnology Biopharmaceutics Forensic Science and Bioinformatics

Medical Biotechnology  Biopharmaceutics  Forensic Science and Bioinformatics Book
Author : Hajiya Mairo Inuwa,Ifeoma Maureen Ezeonu,Charles Oluwaseun Adetunji,Emmanuel Olufemi Ekundayo,Abubakar Gidado,Abdulrazak B. Ibrahim,Benjamin Ewa Ubi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2022-05-11
ISBN : 1000550982
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers a range of topics on exploiting Nigeria’s mega biodiversity for food security and health; DNA forensic science and its applications; medical biotechnology and biopharmaceutics; medicinal and underutilized plants; impact and mitigation of antibiotic resistance; bioinformatics applications; medical insect biotechnology; etc. The book will be useful reference material for the scientists and researchers working in the fields of nutraceuticals, molecular diagnostics and DNA forensics, biopharmaceuticals and medical biotechnology, nanotechnology, antimicrobials from indigenous plant species, bioinformatics, etc. Emphasizes recent advances in biotechnologies that will help in tackling emerging global health challenges Provides detailed information on how to harness indigenous bioresources including microorganisms and plants for healthcare delivery Introduces new frontiers in the areas of molecular diagnostics and DNA forensic science and bioinformatics with case studies, recent advances in medical insect biotechnology and molecular genetics of pest use towards the exploitation of arthropod midgut components to develop interventions against infectious diseases Reviews bioactive molecules derived from commonly used and underutilized medicinal plants that could be used to develop novel drugs for improved healthcare delivery Discusses current approaches in medical and biopharmaceutical biotechnology, deployment of inexpensive genomics-based vector surveillance for effective disease outbreak prediction and control of mosquito-borne viruses Hajiya Mairo Inuwa, Ph.D., is Professor in the Department of Biochemistry and Formerly Director, Centre for Biotechnology Research and Training (CBR&T), Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria. Ifeoma Maureen Ezeonu, Ph.D., is Professor of Medical Microbiology and Molecular Genetics in the Department of Microbiology, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria. Charles Oluwaseun Adetunji, Ph.D., is Associate Professor of Microbiology and Biotechnology and Director of Intellectual Property and Technology Transfer, Edo State University, Uzairue, Nigeria. Abubakar Gidado, Ph.D., is Professor of Biochemistry and Director of North-East Zonal Biotechnology Centre of Excellence at the University of Maiduguri. Emmanuel Olufemi Ekundayo, Ph.D., is Associate Professor of Medical Microbiology and Microbial Genetics, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Nigeria. Abdulrazak B. Ibrahim, Ph.D., is a Capacity Development Expert at the Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa (FARA) and Associate Professor of Biochemistry, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria. Benjamin Ewa Ubi, Ph.D., is a Professor of Plant Breeding and Biotechnology and Director, Biotechnology Research and Development Centre, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Nigeria.

Phytochemistry

Phytochemistry Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019-02
ISBN : 9781771887595
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Phytochemistry book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Phytochemistry

Phytochemistry Book
Author : Chukwuebuka Egbuna,Jonathan Chinenye Ifemeje,Stanley Chidi Udedi,Shashank Kumar
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-12-12
ISBN : 0429760337
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This first book in this three-volume set provides comprehensive coverage of a wide range of topics in phytochemistry. With chapters from professional specialists from key institutions around the world, the volume starts with an introduction to phytochemistry and details the fundamentals. Part II discusses the state-of-the-art modern methods and techniques in phytochemical research, while Part III provides an informative overview of computational phytochemistry and its applications. Part IV presents novel research findings in the discovery of drugs that will be effective in the treatment of diseases. The chapters are drawn carefully and integrated sequentially to aid flow, consistency, and continuity.

Natural Antimicrobial Agents

Natural Antimicrobial Agents Book
Author : Jean-Michel Mérillon,Céline Riviere
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-02-08
ISBN : 331967045X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Documenting the latest research in the field of different pathogenic organisms, this book presents the current scenario about promising antimicrobials in the following areas: Part I. Plants as source of antibacterials, Part II. Naturally occurring antifungal natural products, Part III. Antiparasitic natural products, Part IV. Antiviral natural products. Renowned scientists from the globe have been selected as authors to contribute chapters. Use of plants for various ailments is as old as human civilization and continuous efforts are being made to improve medicinal plants or to product their bioactive secondary metabolites in high amounts through various technologies. About 200,000 natural products of plant origin are known and many more are being identified from higher plants and micro-organisms. Some plants based drugs are used since centuries and there is no alternative medicine for many such drugs as cardiac glycosides. Drug discovery from medicinal plants or marine micro-organisms continues to provide an important source of new drug leads. Research on new antibacterials represents a real and timely challenge of this century, particularly for the treatment of infections caused by clinical isolates that show multidrug resistance. The main microorganisms involved in the resistance process have been identified and given the acronym ESKAPE for Enterococcus faecium, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Acinetobacter baumanii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Enterobacteriaceae. Multidrug resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis including highly drug-resistant strains (XDR-TB) has also emerged as one of the most important clinical challenges of this century. Plants of diverse taxa and marine micro-organisms are rich source of these antimicrobials. An attempt has been made to compile the recent information about natural sources of antibacterials and their sustainable utilization. Increased panic of these pathogens warrants a growing demand for research to undertake the threat of multidrug resistance. The search for new antifungal, antiparasitic and antiviral natural products is far from devoid of interest. According to the WHO report in 2013, malaria still represents some 207 million cases worldwide and more than 3 billion of people are still exposed to this risk. Similarly, about 350 million people are considered at risk of contracting leishmaniasis. The fight against some viruses also requires that the research on natural products continue. For example, even if an antiretroviral with direct action was recently approved in Europe in 2013, its high cost does not allow to offer it to an exposed population in countries where the cost of drugs remains a problem for a large part of the population. These books are useful to researchers and students in microbiology, biotechnology, pharmacology, chemistry and biology as well as medical professionals.

Preparation of Phytopharmaceuticals for the Management of Disorders

Preparation of Phytopharmaceuticals for the Management of Disorders Book
Author : Chukwuebuka Egbuna,Abhay Prakash Mishra,Megh R. Goyal
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-11-03
ISBN : 0128202858
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Preparation of Phytopharmaceuticals for the Management of Disorders: The Development of Nutraceuticals and Traditional Medicine presents comprehensive coverage and recent advances surrounding phytopharmaceuticals, nutraceuticals and traditional and alternative systems of medicines. Sections cover the concepts of phytopharmaceuticals, their history, and current highlights in phytomedicine. Also included are classifications of crude drugs, herbal remedies and toxicity, traditional and alternative systems of medicine, nanotechnology applications, and herbal cosmeticology. Final sections cover applications of microbiology and biotechnology in drug discovery. This book provides key information for everyone interested in drug discovery, including medicinal chemists, nutritionists, biochemists, toxicologists, drug developers and health care professionals. Students, professors and researchers working in the area of pharmaceutical sciences and beyond will also find the book useful. Includes the history and current highlights in phytomedicine, along with classifications of crude drugs, herbal drug technologies and herbal cosmeticology Provides detailed information on herbal remedies and toxicity, traditional and alternative systems of medicine, and applications of microbiology and biotechnology in drug discovery Discusses the nutritional and health benefits of nutraceuticals and how they help in the management and treatment of metabolic diseases

Antibacterial Drug Discovery to Combat MDR

Antibacterial Drug Discovery to Combat MDR Book
Author : Iqbal Ahmad,Shamim Ahmad,Kendra P. Rumbaugh
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-11-09
ISBN : 9811398712
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book compiles the latest information in the field of antibacterial discovery, especially with regard to the looming threat of multi-drug resistance. The respective chapters highlight the discovery of new antibacterial and anti-infective compounds derived from microbes, plants, and other natural sources. The potential applications of nanotechnology to the fields of antibacterial discovery and drug delivery are also discussed, and one section of the book is dedicated to the use of computational tools and metagenomics in antibiotic drug discovery. Techniques for efficient drug delivery are also covered. The book provides a comprehensive overview of the progress made in both antibacterial discovery and delivery, making it a valuable resource for academic researchers, as well as those working in the pharmaceutical industry.

Pollutants and Water Management

Pollutants and Water Management Book
Author : Pardeep Singh
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-06-14
ISBN : 1119693616
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Discover the latest trends in the abatement of water pollution from four celebrated and authoritative authors Water Resource Management: Strategies and Scarcity delivers a balanced and comprehensive look at recent trends in the management of polluted water resources. Covering the latest practical and theoretical aspects of polluted water management, the distinguished academics and authors emphasize indigenous practices of water resource management, the scarcity of clean water, and the future of the water system in the context of an increasing urbanization and globalization. The book details the management of contaminated water sites, including heavy metal contaminations in surface and subsurface water sources. It details a variety of industrial activities that typically pollute water, such as those involving crude oils and dyes. In its discussion of recent trends in abatement strategies, Water Resource Management includes an exploration of the application of microorganisms, like bacteria, actinomycetes, fungi, and cyanobacteria, for the management of environmental contaminants. Readers will also discover a wide variety of other topics on the conservation of water sources, like: The role of government and the public in the management of water resource pollution The causes of river system pollution and potential future scenarios in the abatement of river pollution Microbial degradation of organic pollutants in various water bodies The advancement in membrane technology used in water treatment processes Lead contamination in groundwater and recent trends in abatement strategies for it Highly polluting industries and their effects on surrounding water resources Perfect for graduate and post graduate students and researchers whose focus is on recent trends in abatement strategies for pollutants and the application of microorganisms for the management of environmental contaminants, Water Resource Management: Strategies and Scarcity also has a place in the libraries of environmentalists whose work involves the management and conservation of polluted sites.

Toxic Chemical and Biological Agents

Toxic Chemical and Biological Agents Book
Author : Giovanni Sindona,Joseph H. Banoub,Maria Luisa Di Gioia
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2021-10-21
ISBN : 9789402420432
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book critically assesses the current state of knowledge on new and important detection technologies, e.g. mass spectrometry, tandem mass spectrometry, biosensor detection and tissue imaging, in connection with toxic chemical and biological agents. In general, the main topics discussed concern the risks and consequences of chemical and biological agents for human health in general, with special emphasis on all biochemical and metabolic pathways including the reproductive system. The exposome, genetic risks and the environment, various health hazard agents, risk assessment, environmental assessment and preparedness, and analysis of sub-lethal effects at the molecular level are also discussed. In closing, the book provides comprehensive information on the diagnosis of exposure, and on health concerns related to toxic chemical and biological agents.

Selected Papers from XVI MaNaPro and XI ECMNP

Selected Papers from XVI MaNaPro and XI ECMNP Book
Author : Susana P. Gaudêncio,Rui Pedrosa,Vitor Vasconcelos
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2021-09-03
ISBN : 303650642X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The oceans harbor the majority of the Earth´s biodiversity. Marine organisms/microorganisms provide a diverse array of natural products, which are important sources of biologically active agents with unique chemical structures and a broad range of medical and biotechnological applications. The XVI MaNaPro and XI ECMNP conferences aim to present advances and future perspectives on marine natural product research to the scientific community by gathering scientists who work in marine chemistry and related scientific fields from all over the world and at different seniority levels. This Special Issue was organized on the occasion of the 2nd joint XVI MaNaPro and XI ECMNP meeting (http://wmnp2019.ipleiria.pt/) held in Peniche, Portugal, in 2019. It comprises 12 original research articles that exemplify research performed in the scope of the conference topics.

Chemistry of Spices

Chemistry of Spices Book
Author : V. A. Parthasarathy,Bhageerathy Chempakam,T. John Zachariah
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2008
ISBN : 1845934059
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book (24 chapters) covers the chemistry (chemical composition and structure) of the following spice plants and their products, and provides brief information on the morphology, and postharvest management (storage, packaging and grading) of these crops: black pepper (Piper nigrum), small cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum), large cardamom (Amomum subulatum), ginger, turmeric, cinnamon and cassia (Cinnamomum spp.), clove, nutmeg and mace, coriander (Coriandrum sativum), cumin (Cuminum cyminum), fennel, fenugreek, paprika and chilli (Capsicum spp.), vanilla (Vanilla spp.), ajowan (Trachyspermum ammi), star anise (Illicium verum), aniseed (Pimpinella anisum), garcinia (Garcinia spp.), tamarind, parsley, celery, curry leaf (Murraya koenigii) and bay leaf (Laurus nobilis). This book will be useful to researchers, industrialists and postgraduate students of agriculture, horticulture and phytochemistry, and to spice traders and processors.

Coronavirus Drug Discovery

Coronavirus Drug Discovery Book
Author : Chukwuebuka Egbuna
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-05-25
ISBN : 0323851789
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Coronavirus Drug Discovery: SARS-CoV-2 (Covid 19) Prevention, Diagnosis, and Treatment presents comprehensive information on antiviral drug discovery from medicinal plants, animals, marine organisms and microorganisms. This book present special chapters on the COVID-19 disease outbreak and detailed information on drug discovery for the COVID-19 virus, including its diagnosis and prevention strategies. Subsequent chapters present drug discovery opportunities for the treatment and management of respiratory viral diseases, gastrointestinal viral diseases, exanthematous viral diseases, hepatic viral diseases, cutaneous viral diseases, hemorrhagic viral diseases and neurologic viral diseases. The book's contributors are specialists from key institutions around the world, making this a key resource for drug developers, medicinal chemists, public health scientists, molecular biologists, biochemists, and toxicologists, among others. Details the various natural bioactive compounds for antiviral drug discoveries surrounding treatments for the coronavirus Discuses recent drug discovery for covid-19 treatment and drug discovery from natural sources Focuses on the discovery of drugs against acute viral diseases of world importance Reviews recent advances in research tools for the discovery of new antiviral drugs

Plant Toxins

Plant Toxins Book
Author : P. Gopalakrishnakone,Célia R. Carlini,Rodrigo Ligabue-Braun
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2022-08-14
ISBN : 9789400767287
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Plant Toxins book written by P. Gopalakrishnakone,Célia R. Carlini,Rodrigo Ligabue-Braun, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Environmental Degradation and Transformation of Organic Chemicals

Environmental Degradation and Transformation of Organic Chemicals Book
Author : Alasdair H. Neilson,Ann-Sofie Allard
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2007-08-09
ISBN : 9781420006773
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Addressing the persistent environmental threat of organic chemicals with a fresh approach to degradation and transformation processes, Environmental Degradation and Transformation of Organic Chemicals examines a wide range of compounds as well as abiotic and microbiological reactions mediated by microorganisms. The book emphasizes the pathways used

Bioavailability of Contaminants in Soils and Sediments

Bioavailability of Contaminants in Soils and Sediments Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Water Science and Technology Board,Committee on Bioavailability of Contaminants in Soils and Sediments
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2003-05-03
ISBN : 0309086256
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bioavailability refers to the extent to which humans and ecological receptors are exposed to contaminants in soil or sediment. The concept of bioavailability has recently piqued the interest of the hazardous waste industry as an important consideration in deciding how much waste to clean up. The rationale is that if contaminants in soil and sediment are not bioavailable, then more contaminant mass can be left in place without creating additional risk. A new NRC report notes that the potential for the consideration of bioavailability to influence decision-making is greatest where certain chemical, environmental, and regulatory factors align. The current use of bioavailability in risk assessment and hazardous waste cleanup regulations is demystified, and acceptable tools and models for bioavailability assessment are discussed and ranked according to seven criteria. Finally, the intimate link between bioavailability and bioremediation is explored. The report concludes with suggestions for moving bioavailability forward in the regulatory arena for both soil and sediment cleanup.

Plant Growth Promoting Microbes for Sustainable Biotic and Abiotic Stress Management

Plant Growth Promoting Microbes for Sustainable Biotic and Abiotic Stress Management Book
Author : Heba I. Mohamed,Hossam El-Din Saad El-Beltagi,Kamel A. Abd-Elsalam
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-05-02
ISBN : 3030665879
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Abiotic and biotic stress factors, including drought, salinity, waterlog, temperature extremes, mineral nutrients, heavy metals, plant diseases, nematodes, viruses, and diseases, adversely affect growth as well as yield of crop plants worldwide. Plant growth-promoting microorganisms (PGPM) are receiving increasing attention from agronomists and environmentalists as candidates to develop an effective, eco-friendly, and sustainable alternative to conventional agricultural (e.g., chemical fertilizers and pesticide) and remediation (e.g., chelators-enhanced phytoremediation) methods employed to deal with climate change-induced stresses. Recent studies have shown that plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB), rhizobia, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF), cyanobacteria have great potentials in the management of various agricultural and environmental problems. This book provides current research of biofertilizers and the role of microorganisms in plant health, with specific emphasis on the mitigating strategies to combat plant stresses.

Oxidative Damage to Plants

Oxidative Damage to Plants Book
Author : Parvaiz Ahmad
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-01-29
ISBN : 0128004606
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With contributions that review research on this topic throughout the world, Oxidative Damage to Plants covers key areas of discovery, from the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROSs), their mechanisms, quenching of these ROSs through enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants, and detailed aspects of such antioxidants as SOD and CAT. Environmental stress is responsible for the generation of oxidative stress, which causes oxidative damage to biomolecules and hence reduces crop yield. To cope up with these problems, scientists have to fully understand the generation of reactive oxygen species, its impact on plants and how plants will be able to withstand these stresses. Provides invaluable information about the role of antioxidants in alleviating oxidative stress Examines both the negative effects (senescence, impaired photosynthesis and necrosis) and positive effects (crucial role that superoxide plays against invading microbes) of ROS on plants Features contributors from a variety of regions globally

Plant Adaptation and Phytoremediation

Plant Adaptation and Phytoremediation Book
Author : M. Ashraf,M. Ozturk,M. S. A. Ahmad
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-08-17
ISBN : 9048193702
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The problems engendered by the conflicting imperatives of development and ecology show no sign of ending, and every day more locations are added to the list of landscapes poisoned by human activity. This vital book, featuring an international set of authors, is a key reference for researchers and environmental managers, as well as anyone involved in the mining industry or landscape remediation. The comprehensive coverage of current approaches to phytoremediation begins by examining the problem. It looks at natural and human-induced toxins, and their effects on natural vegetation as well as agricultural crops. Particular attention is paid to the two largest challenges to remediation – heavy metals, and the salt stress that is impeding agricultural productivity worldwide. The text moves on to focus on the efficacy of different plant species in removing toxic pollutants from the environment. Along with analysis of a number of case studies, this section includes new and updated information on the mechanism of toxin-tolerance in plants.