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Physiological Systems In Insects

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Physiological Systems in Insects

Physiological Systems in Insects Book
Author : Marc J Klowden
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-05-15
ISBN : 0124159702
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Physiological Systems in Insects discusses the roles of molecular biology, neuroendocrinology, biochemistry, and genetics in our understanding of insects. All chapters in the new edition are updated, with major revisions to those covering swiftly evolving areas like endocrine, developmental, behavioral, and nervous systems. The new edition includes the latest details from the literature on hormone receptors, behavioral genetics, insect genomics, neural integration, and much more. Organized according to insect physiological functions, this book is fully updated with the latest and foundational research that has influenced understanding of the patterns and processes of insects and is a valuable addition to the collection of any researcher or student working with insects. There are about 10 quintillion insects in the world divided into more than one million known species, and some scientists believe there may be more than 30 million species. As the largest living group on earth, insects can provide us with insight into adaptation, evolution, and survival. The internationally respected third edition of Marc Klowden's standard reference for entomologists and researchers and textbook for insect physiology courses provides the most comprehensive analysis of the systems that make insects important contributors to our environment. Third edition has been updated with new information in almost every chapter and new figures Includes an extensive up-to-date bibliography in each chapter Provides a glossary of common entomological and physiological terms

Insect Physiology 21st Century Biology and Agriculture Textbook Series

Insect Physiology  21st Century Biology and Agriculture  Textbook Series  Book
Author : K.P. Sanjayan
Publisher : Scientific Publishers
Release : 2018-03-01
ISBN : 9387991954
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook contains important, comprehensive and in-depth account of all aspects of insect physiology, providing wherever necessary also the fundamental knowledge of the various systems. Although it is aimed as a resource material for postgraduate students of entomology, it would serve as an essential reference source for invertebrate physiologists and neurologists, entomologists, zoologists and insect biochemists. To achieve this goal, extensive references have been made to several textbooks and reviews, to a few research papers dealing with applied aspects of insect physiology and the resources available over the net. The first chapter deals with the anatomical and physiological attributes of the integument conferring insect success with a discussion on the use of the chemical properties of the cuticle to design novel molecules to control insect pests. The chapter also indicates that the structural design of the cuticle could itself be applied in the field of material science to develop hard structures which can withstand the harshness of the environment. Chapter two discusses the diversity in growth and life cycle patterns in insects. Chapters three and six deals with the digestive and excretory systems as potential targets for pest management. Aspects of the circulatory system of insects are presented along with an account on the new frontiers in insect immunity in chapter four. This would appraise the reader on the possible improved use of entomopathogens in biological control, in the discovery of antimicrobial molecules that can be exploited by humans, and of new strategies for management of insect vectors of human and animal disease. While the dynamism of the respiratory system (Chapter five) is presented as a key to their success, the use of the knowledge thus gained in fluid dynamics and biomechanical research is mentioned. An up to date account on the insect nervous system is presented in Chapter seven, together with a note on learning, memory and intelligence in insects. Chapter eight deals with the reproductive system of insects while chapter nine deals with hormones and regulation of metabolism, moulting and diapause. General protein, carbohydrate and lipid metabolism and their energetic are presented in chapter ten along with the physiology of regulation in cold hardiness and flight. Chapter eleven deals with muscular coordination while an in depth account on the sensory physiology and behaviour is presented in chapter twelve.

Outlines and Highlights for Physiological Systems in Insects by Marc J Klowden

Outlines and Highlights for Physiological Systems in Insects by Marc J Klowden Book
Author : Cram101 Textbook Reviews
Publisher : Academic Internet Pub Incorporated
Release : 2011-08-01
ISBN : 9781619057197
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Never HIGHLIGHT a Book Again! Virtually all of the testable terms, concepts, persons, places, and events from the textbook are included. Cram101 Just the FACTS101 studyguides give all of the outlines, highlights, notes, and quizzes for your textbook with optional online comprehensive practice tests. Only Cram101 is Textbook Specific. Accompanys: 9780123694935 .

My Friends and Other Insects Book Review

My Friends and Other Insects  Book Review Book
Author : G. W. Elmes
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download My Friends and Other Insects Book Review book written by G. W. Elmes, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Insect Physiology and Biochemistry Third Edition

Insect Physiology and Biochemistry  Third Edition Book
Author : James L. Nation, Sr.
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-08-07
ISBN : 9781482247589
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Following the tradition of its bestselling predecessors, this edition provides working scientists and students with an engaging and authoritative guide to the most current findings in the dynamic field of insect physiology. Expanded and updated, this third edition challenges conventional entomological wisdom with the latest research and analytical interpretations. Encouraging independent evaluation of the data and allowing for the extrapolation of major concepts across species, this indispensable text establishes a thorough understanding of the physiological and biochemical functions and adaptations that have made insects one of the most successful groups of living organisms on the planet.

Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Insects

Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Insects Book
Author : Jon F. Harrison,H. Arthur Woods,Stephen P. Roberts
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2012-01-26
ISBN : 0191625353
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Insects are the most ecologically important multicellular heterotrophs in terrestrial systems. They play critical roles in ecological food webs, remain devastating agricultural and medical pests, and represent the most diverse group of eukaryotes in terms of species numbers. Their dominant role among terrestrial heterotrophs arises from a number of key physiological traits, and in particular by the developmental and evolutionary plasticity of these traits. Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Insects presents a current and comprehensive overview of how the key physiological traits of insects respond to environmental variation. It forges conceptual links from molecular biology through organismal function to population and community ecology. As with other books in the Series, the emphasis is on the unique physiological characteristics of the insects, but with applications to questions of broad relevance in physiological ecology. As an aid to new researchers on insects, it also includes introductory chapters on the basics and techniques of insect physiology ecology.

Studyguide for Physiological Systems in Insects by Klowden Marc J

Studyguide for Physiological Systems in Insects by Klowden  Marc J  Book
Author : Cram101 Textbook Reviews
Publisher : Cram101
Release : 2013-05
ISBN : 9781490204765
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Never HIGHLIGHT a Book Again Virtually all testable terms, concepts, persons, places, and events are included. Cram101 Textbook Outlines gives all of the outlines, highlights, notes for your textbook with optional online practice tests. Only Cram101 Outlines are Textbook Specific. Cram101 is NOT the Textbook. Accompanys: 9780521673761

Insect Physiological Ecology

Insect Physiological Ecology Book
Author : Steven L. Chown,Steven Chown,Sue W. Nicolson,Department of Zoology and Entomology Sue W Nicolson
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2004-07-15
ISBN : 9780198515487
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Insects exhibit incredible physiological diversity, making them ideal model organisms for the purpose of this book. The authors draw together the central issues in physiology (nutrition, water balance, temperature, etc.) treating each in sufficient detail to give researchers a broad update in summary form.

Advances in Insect Physiology

Advances in Insect Physiology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 1994-10-26
ISBN : 9780080579214
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Insect physiology is currently undergoing a revolution with the increased application of molecular biological techniques to investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying the physiological responses to insect cells. Advances in Insect Physiology has instituted a commitment to the publication of high quality reviews on molecular biology and molecular genetics in areas where they provide an increased understanding of physiological processes in insects. Volume 25 contains increased coverage on the molecular biology of insect physiology.

Target Receptors in the Control of Insect Pests

Target Receptors in the Control of Insect Pests  Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-05-14
ISBN : 9780124170100
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume of Advances in Insect Physiology contains comprehensive interdisciplinary reviews on basic and practical aspects relevant to major target receptors for crucial physiological functions and mechanisms in prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms, particularly insects. Chapters emphasize advanced genomic, molecular biology, chemical, and proteomic research on the receptors and their corresponding agonist and antagonist ligands. The book encompasses target systems such as sodium channels, octopamine/tyramine receptors, ABC transporters, acetylcholinesterase as a target enzyme, juvenile hormone receptors, and receptors targeted by neuropeptides. Contains important, comprehensive and in-depth reviews An essential reference source for invertebrate physiologists and neurobiologists, entomologists, zoologists, and insect biochemists First published in 1963, this serial is ranked second in the highly competitive ISI category of Entomology

Acetic Acid Bacteria

Acetic Acid Bacteria Book
Author : Kazunobu Matsushita,Hirohide Toyama,Naoto Tonouchi,Akiko Okamoto-Kainuma
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-06-14
ISBN : 4431559337
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides all facets of acetic acid bacteria (AAB) and offers the future targets and directions of AAB research. It summarizes the distinctive physiological properties of AAB and the recent progress on AAB study, especially in the following five areas: 1) Molecular phylogeny and genome study of AAB; 2) Ecological features of AAB: interaction with plants, natural fermentation systems, and insects; 3) Physiological features and living strategies of AAB, including rapid oxidation ability, acid resistance, biofilm formation, and genetic instability; 4) Molecular mechanisms of several oxidative fermentations such as acetate fermentation, sorbose fermentation, and ketogluconate fermentation; 5) Recent biotechnological aspects of AAB: biocatalysts, biosensors, biocellulose, and other useful polysaccharides. AAB research has a long history since the discovery of AAB by Louis Pasteur and the identification of AAB by Martinus Beijerinck in the nineteenth century. In the twentieth century, basic research on the taxonomic study of AAB and on biochemical study for the unique oxidative reactions of AAB had progressed as well as the industrial application of AAB not only in vinegar fermentation but also in the bioconversion process for useful chemical or pharmaceutical products. Entering the twenty-first century, AAB research has expanded more, and further progress is expected to be seen in all fields of AAB: classification and ecology, physiology and biochemistry, genetics, and biotechnology of vinegar fermentation and other oxidative fermentations. Far-reaching development in the last decade makes these bacteria more valuable for various industrial uses. Readers can obtain useful and comprehensive information which is exciting in aspects of basic science and provides hints for the better application of these bacteria to various kinds of practical production scenarios as well.

Comprehensive Insect Physiology Biochemistry and Pharmacology

Comprehensive Insect Physiology  Biochemistry  and Pharmacology Book
Author : G. A. Kerkut,Lawrence Irwin Gilbert
Publisher : Pergamon
Release : 1985
ISBN : 9780080308043
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume is primarily devoted to the analysis of the integument (epidermis, cuticle), the fat body, the connective tissues, the circulatory and respiratory systems. It discusses the organization and functioning of the insect systems implicated in growth, intermediary metabolism, homeostasis and defence mechanisms. Much of the volume is devoted to anatomical and structural developments, which appear as introductions to corresponding biochemical and physiological aspects. Many diagrams, drawings and photographs accompany the text throughout. Altogether, this volume presents a clear and up-to-date account of the most recent and important discoveries in the fields and shows the extent of progress which is expected in the near future.

Low Temperature Biology of Insects

Low Temperature Biology of Insects Book
Author : David L. Denlinger,Richard E. Lee, Jr
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2010-01-28
ISBN : 1139485474
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Low temperature is a major environmental constraint impacting the geographic distribution and seasonal activity patterns of insects. Written for academic researchers in environmental physiology and entomology, this book explores the physiological and molecular mechanisms that enable insects to cope with a cold environment and places these findings into an evolutionary and ecological context. An introductory chapter provides a primer on insect cold tolerance and subsequent chapters in the first section discuss the organismal, cellular and molecular responses that allow insects to survive in the cold despite their, at best, limited ability to regulate their own body temperature. The second section, highlighting the evolutionary and macrophysiological responses to low temperature, is especially relevant for understanding the impact of global climate change on insect systems. A final section translates the knowledge gained from the rest of the book into practical applications including cryopreservation and the augmentation of pest management strategies.

Comparative Physiology and Evolution of Vision in Invertebrates

Comparative Physiology and Evolution of Vision in Invertebrates Book
Author : M.F. Land,S.B. Laughlin,D.R. Nässel,N.J. Strausfeld,T.H. Waterman
Publisher : Springer
Release : 1980-11-01
ISBN : 9783540087038
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Morphology and physiology are two fields which cannot be separated. This statement needs to be amplified: purely factual results of a morphological or physiological nature only have real value when they are gained in the context of certain guiding, embracing questions. By themselves they are mostly of little value, because only a guiding hypothesis or theory is of any importance. Equally, a physiological question will always raise questions as to the morphological substrate, and vice versa. Thus, Wiedemann's discovery, for instance, that the visual cells in each ommatidium of the dipterans have differing fields of vision has revived the question as to what the optical properties of individual visual cells, and the complete ommatidium, might be and how neighboring ommatidia interact. These questions in turn led to that of the morphological, neuronal wiring diagram of the visual cells in the optical ganglia. Within the realm of invertebrates, the morphological and physiological problems of visual perception have been resolved in very different ways on various levels, from the photo receptor to higher centers; despite many investigations, however, there remain unsolved problems. The first chapter of Vol. VII/6B deals with the neuroarchitecture in the visual system of two groups: crustaceans and insects. These systems are best known through recent investigations. The second chapter is devoted to the neural principles in the visual system of insects. It could not have been written without parallel research into morphology.

Comparative Physiology and Evolution of Vision in Invertebrates

Comparative Physiology and Evolution of Vision in Invertebrates Book
Author : M.F. Land,S.B. Laughlin,D.R. Nässel,N.J. Strausfeld,T.H. Waterman
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2012-02-12
ISBN : 9783642669095
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Morphology and physiology are two fields which cannot be separated. This statement needs to be amplified: purely factual results of a morphological or physiological nature only have real value when they are gained in the context of certain guiding, embracing questions. By themselves they are mostly of little value, because only a guiding hypothesis or theory is of any importance. Equally, a physiological question will always raise questions as to the morphological substrate, and vice versa. Thus, Wiedemann's discovery, for instance, that the visual cells in each ommatidium of the dipterans have differing fields of vision has revived the question as to what the optical properties of individual visual cells, and the complete ommatidium, might be and how neighboring ommatidia interact. These questions in turn led to that of the morphological, neuronal wiring diagram of the visual cells in the optical ganglia. Within the realm of invertebrates, the morphological and physiological problems of visual perception have been resolved in very different ways on various levels, from the photo receptor to higher centers; despite many investigations, however, there remain unsolved problems. The first chapter of Vol. VII/6B deals with the neuroarchitecture in the visual system of two groups: crustaceans and insects. These systems are best known through recent investigations. The second chapter is devoted to the neural principles in the visual system of insects. It could not have been written without parallel research into morphology.

Regulation Digestion Nutrition Excretion

Regulation  Digestion  Nutrition  Excretion Book
Author : G. A. Kerkut
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 1483286207
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this volume, seven of the chapters deal with feeding and diet, which is reasonable since insects consume an estimated l5-20% of all the world's planted crops. Many insects even have a specialized larval feeding stage that usually occupies a different ecological niche to the adult and so does not compete for the adult's food stock. Other chapters describe the means by which insects maintain their water balance, nitrogen balance and temperature balance under a range of conditions. These involve regulation by hormonal and behavioural systems that are also described here. The l4 chapters are all extensively illustrated and referenced and therefore provide excellent summaries of current knowledge. They will be of great value to entomologists, zoologists and biologists in general.

Plant derived Compounds

Plant derived Compounds Book
Author : Ranil Waliwitiya
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Botanical extracts may contain compounds that have insecticidal properties that may be developed as inexpensive insecticides. In this thesis, I used a series of techniques to identify the acute toxicities and modes of action of plant-derived compounds against the Yellow Fever mosquito Aedes aegypti and the blowfly Phaenicia sericata. Initially I evaluated the acute toxicity of 16 phytochemicals on aquatic and terrestrial insects alone or with the synergist piperonyl butoxide (PBO) to quantify their lethal and sublethal effects. From this study 5 compounds, thymol, eugenol, pulegone, -terpineol and citronellal, were selected for further study. I then evaluated the biochemical mechanisms underlying the activity of these phytochemicals and the basis of their increased toxicity in the presence of PBO. These phytochemicals affected the biotransformational capacity of these insects to detoxify the compounds, and their effects were enhanced by PBO. I then developed an electrophysiological system to evaluate the physiological effects of the plant-derived compounds and several commercially available insecticides on flight muscle impulses and wing beat signals of the blowfly, P. sericata. These compounds readily penetrate the insect cuticle and interfere with flight muscle and/or central nervous system function. All 5 compounds depressed flight-associated responses, and acted similarly to compounds that block sodium channels and facilitate Ɣ-amino butyric acid (GABA) action. I compared these responses to those induced by several synthetic insecticides whose mode of action is well known to allow us to make a more precise prediction of how the 5 compounds affect the target insects. I then evaluated the effect of the 5 phytochemicals, and octopamine on the octopaminergic system of insects by comparing the production of a second messenger molecule, cAMP, after treatment. Some monoterpenoids interfere with the octopaminergic system by targeting the octopamine receptors. The acute toxicity observed in Ae. aegypti and P. sericata may be the collective result of these compounds on complex biological systems in the insect and may depend on their structure, concentration, or exposure time. The overall results indicate that plant-derived compounds directly and indirectly affect aspects of insect physiology and could possibly be developed as new insecticides.

Target Receptors in the Control of Insect Pests

Target Receptors in the Control of Insect Pests  Book
Author : Ephraim Cohen
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-04-25
ISBN : 9780124170100
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume of Advances in Insect Physiology contains comprehensive interdisciplinary reviews on basic and practical aspects relevant to major target receptors for crucial physiological functions and mechanisms in prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms, particularly insects. Chapters emphasize advanced genomic, molecular biology, chemical, and proteomic research on the receptors and their corresponding agonist and antagonist ligands. The book encompasses target systems such as sodium channels, octopamine/tyramine receptors, ABC transporters, acetylcholinesterase as a target enzyme, juvenile hormone receptors, and receptors targeted by neuropeptides. Contains important, comprehensive and in-depth reviews An essential reference source for invertebrate physiologists and neurobiologists, entomologists, zoologists, and insect biochemists First published in 1963, this serial is ranked second in the highly competitive ISI category of Entomology

Comparative Physiology and Evolution of Vision in Invertebrates

Comparative Physiology and Evolution of Vision in Invertebrates Book
Author : M.F. Land,S.B. Laughlin,D.R. Nässel,N.J. Strausfeld,T.H. Waterman
Publisher : Springer
Release : 1980-11-01
ISBN : 9783540087038
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Morphology and physiology are two fields which cannot be separated. This statement needs to be amplified: purely factual results of a morphological or physiological nature only have real value when they are gained in the context of certain guiding, embracing questions. By themselves they are mostly of little value, because only a guiding hypothesis or theory is of any importance. Equally, a physiological question will always raise questions as to the morphological substrate, and vice versa. Thus, Wiedemann's discovery, for instance, that the visual cells in each ommatidium of the dipterans have differing fields of vision has revived the question as to what the optical properties of individual visual cells, and the complete ommatidium, might be and how neighboring ommatidia interact. These questions in turn led to that of the morphological, neuronal wiring diagram of the visual cells in the optical ganglia. Within the realm of invertebrates, the morphological and physiological problems of visual perception have been resolved in very different ways on various levels, from the photo receptor to higher centers; despite many investigations, however, there remain unsolved problems. The first chapter of Vol. VII/6B deals with the neuroarchitecture in the visual system of two groups: crustaceans and insects. These systems are best known through recent investigations. The second chapter is devoted to the neural principles in the visual system of insects. It could not have been written without parallel research into morphology.

Animal Physiology

Animal Physiology Book
Author : Richard W. Hill,Gordon A. Wyse
Publisher : Benjamin-Cummings Publishing Company
Release : 1989
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook explores the structure and function of animals. Readers will gain knowledge on the diversity, as well as similarities of animal physiologies -- at the microscopic as well as macroscopic level. Topics include general physiology (tissues and organ systems, sensory reception, respiration, digestion etc.), genetics and reproduction, and evolution. Animal physiology is the study of how animals function. This volume is designed to survey molecular and cellular physiology as well as the major physiological systems and how these systems function to maintain homeostasis in various environments.