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Physics Of Biological Action And Perception

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Physics of Biological Action and Perception

Physics of Biological Action and Perception Book
Author : Mark L. Latash
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-09-05
ISBN : 0128192852
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Physics of Biological Action and Perception helps researchers interested in exploring biological motor control from a physics or alternative viewpoint perspective. The book introduces the idea of parametric control as a distinguishing feature of living systems. Sections cover how the CNS creates stable percepts based on fuzzy and continuously changing signals from numerous receptors and the variable processes related to ongoing actions. The author also develops the idea of control with referent coordinates to stability of salient variables in fields typically united under the label of "cognition." Examples of this include communication (how the gist of a message is preserved despite variability of phrases), thought processes (how one can solve a mental problem via different logical routes), and playing chess (how one selects an optimal move given a position on the board). The book is written for researchers, instructors, clinicians and other professionals in all the fields related to biological movement and perception. Presents a unifying theory of motor control based on physics Encompasses action, perception and cognition Discusses referent coordinates, kinesthetic perception and stability of actions Identifies the importance of the CNS over computational brain function

Bernstein s Construction of Movements

Bernstein s Construction of Movements Book
Author : Mark L. Latash
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2020-10-29
ISBN : 1000213846
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nikolai Aleksandrovich Bernstein was one of the great neuroscientists of the twentieth century and highly respected by Western scientists even though most have never read his most important book entitled On the Construction of Movements. Bernstein's Construction of Movements: The Original Text and Commentaries is the first English translation. It supplements the translated text with a series of commentaries by scientists who knew Bernstein personally, as well as leaders in related fields including physics, motor control, and biomechanics. While written in 1947, Bernstein’s book is anything but obsolete, making this English translation and accompanying commentaries an invaluable text. The translated original text presents in detail Bernstein’s views on the evolutionary history of biological movement and his multi-level hierarchical scheme of the construction of movements in higher animals, including humans. The following commentaries address Bernstein’s personality, the history of the book, and current views on different aspects of neuroscience covered in Bernstein’s text. Ultimately, they present "a book within the book" to showcase how Bernstein’s heritage has developed over the past years. This classic, available for the first time to an English-speaking audience, will prove beneficial to students, instructors, and experts of neuroscience, physics, neurophysiology, motor control, motor rehabilitation, biomechanics, dynamical systems, and related fields.

Perception Consciousness Memory

Perception  Consciousness  Memory Book
Author : G. Adam
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1468420739
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The interdisciplinary approach so popular today is more than a matter of fashion. It is, in fact, a reflection of the recognition that a good many areas once considered ade quately treated by one or the other of the traditional disciplines straddle the boundaries of several. Interdisciplinary research then is, by definition, a coop erative venture by several autonomous branches of science into areas incompletely accessible to anyone of them. By stimulating cooperation among several related disciplines, such research may serve to enrich each of them; but, on the other hand, the existence of these border areas occa sionally serves as Ii, pretext for postponing the solution of seemingly insurmountable problems. Brain research seems to have become such a border area of science. The fortress of classical psychology is being assaulted before our very eyes, its peripheral and even its more integral areas being invaded by physiology, morphol ogy, physics, and chemistry. Neurophysiology, too, has ceased to be an autonomous and self-governing field, and has come increasingly to rely on the help proffered by gen eral psychology, epistemology, and logic, as well as exact sciences such as mathematics and physics. These border assaults have undoubtedly been beneficial for all involved. 9 Within the traditional boundaries of their stuffy principles most classical disciplines are today facing a methodological and epistemological crisis. The breaching of their walls may at least hold out some hope of a renaissance.

Perception and Action

Perception and Action Book
Author : Jean Decety
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 1998
ISBN : 9780863776007
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presents original contributions from cognitive neuroscientists and cognitive neuropsychologists who address this area from different complementary perspectives.

Physics and Biology

Physics and Biology Book
Author : Jean François Allemand,Pierre Desbiolles
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2014-10-15
ISBN : 9814616494
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Do you often lose your keys? You will find in this book the best strategy to find them, or at least the one deduced from statistical physics. What is the link with biology? Some proteins use the same strategy to find their target inside a living cell. This example illustrates one of the many links between physics and biology. These links result from an intense research activity in the past years at the interface between those two disciplines. This book describes some of the most recent progresses at this interface: from instrumental progresses used in biology to the mechanical description of a cell, to molecular motors, from brain activity mechanisms to auditory or sensory perception. Many fields are covered from the molecular to the scale at the organ level. A few biological notions are presented in the first chapter that may help to access the biological aspects of the others. In the end this book may interest people passionate in science, from the simple amateur to the advanced researcher level. Contents:Some Biology Basic PrinciplesFluorescence Microscopy for Biological ImagingMechanical Studies on Single Molecules: General ConsiderationsMolecular MotorsCellular Mechanics and MotilityExploring Neuronal Activity with PhotonsPhysical Principles of HearingSensing Through Friction: The Biomechanics of Texture Perception in Rodents and PrimatesIntermittent Search Strategies Readership: Advanced undergraduates and graduate or any person with a strong scientific background interested by the physics/biology interface. Key Features:No book treating these very different aspects of biophysics is on the market. Some aspects are not treated in any book. It is more introductory and less technical than competing books on similar subjectsKeywords:Biophysics;Molecular Motors;Single Molecule Mechanics;Cellular Mechanics;Physics of Hearing;Neuronal Activity;Microscopy;Biomechanics of Texture;Search Strategies in Biology

Contextuality from Quantum Physics to Psychology

Contextuality from Quantum Physics to Psychology Book
Author : Ehtibar Dzhafarov
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2015-11-30
ISBN : 9814730610
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"The book explores the variety of meanings of contextuality across different disciplines, with the emphasis on quantum physics and on psychology."--

Referent control of action and perception

Referent control of action and perception Book
Author : Anatol G. Feldman
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-06-18
ISBN : 1493927361
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Empirical data on neural control of motor action and perception have not yet been put into the context of a coherent theory. Dr. Feldman's goal for the proposed book is to illustrate that the field is now at a stage where the data can be used to formulate some core principles that underlie action and perception and to present the foundation of a scientific theory of motor control. Dr. Feldman is a well-known expert and has been active in the field for a long time. In the proposed book he will outline an approach to the analysis of action and perception that he and his colleagues have been using for the past 50 years or so. His theoretical approach will not only help to explain past empirical research, but should also help to inform and provide a structure for future empirical studies.

Advances in Radiation Biology

Advances in Radiation Biology Book
Author : John T. Lett,Howard Adler
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 1483281892
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Radiation Biology, Volume 9, provides an overview of the state of knowledge in radiation biology. The book contains nine chapters and begins with a study on the ways in which physical and chemical agents might trigger "regulatory dysfunction" and how these agents might interact with each other. This is followed by separate chapters on the mechanisms underlying changes in vascular function after doses of radiation in the therapeutic range and their role in the development of late effects in normal tissues; the future of hypoxic cell sensitizers in the clinical setting; DNA strand break formation by ionizing radiation; and major pathways which result in radiation-induced loss of cellular proliferative capacity. Subsequent chapters deal with the solid-state radiation chemistry of DNA; radiosensitivity of proliferating mammalian cells; the use of microwave/radiofrequency energy cancer treatment; and the decline of basic radiobiology.

Perceptual Organization

Perceptual Organization Book
Author : Michael Kubovy,James R. Pomerantz
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-03-31
ISBN : 131551236X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Originally published in 1981, perceptual organization had been synonymous with Gestalt psychology, and Gestalt psychology had fallen into disrepute. In the heyday of Behaviorism, the few cognitive psychologists of the time pursued Gestalt phenomena. But in 1981, Cognitive Psychology was married to Information Processing. (Some would say that it was a marriage of convenience.) After the wedding, Cognitive Psychology had come to look like a theoretically wrinkled Behaviorism; very few of the mainstream topics of Cognitive Psychology made explicit contact with Gestalt phenomena. In the background, Cognition's first love – Gestalt – was pining to regain favor. The cognitive psychologists' desire for a phenomenological and intellectual interaction with Gestalt psychology did not manifest itself in their publications, but it did surface often enough at the Psychonomic Society meeting in 1976 for them to remark upon it in one of their conversations. This book, then, is the product of the editors’ curiosity about the status of ideas at the time, first proposed by Gestalt psychologists. For two days in November 1977, they held an exhilarating symposium that was attended by some 20 people, not all of whom are represented in this volume. At the end of our symposium it was agreed that they would try, in contributions to this volume, to convey the speculative and metatheoretical ground of their research in addition to the solid data and carefully wrought theories that are the figure of their research.

Neurocomputers and Attention Connectionism and neurocomputers

Neurocomputers and Attention  Connectionism and neurocomputers Book
Author : Arun V. Holden,V. I. Kri︠u︡kov
Publisher : Manchester University Press
Release : 1991
ISBN : 9780719034565
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Neurocomputers and Attention Connectionism and neurocomputers book written by Arun V. Holden,V. I. Kri︠u︡kov, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Multisensory Perception and Action psychophysics neural mechanisms and applications

Multisensory Perception and Action  psychophysics  neural mechanisms  and applications Book
Author : Zhuanghua Shi,Hermann Josef Mueller
Publisher : Frontiers E-books
Release : 2022-01-24
ISBN : 2889193810
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Multisensory Perception and Action psychophysics neural mechanisms and applications book written by Zhuanghua Shi,Hermann Josef Mueller, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Visual Perception and Action in Sport

Visual Perception and Action in Sport Book
Author : A. Mark Williams,Keith Davids,John Garrett Pascoe Williams
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 1999
ISBN : 9780419182900
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Discusses the visual aspects of sports and explains how players mentally shape and react to what they see

Studies in Perception and Action II

Studies in Perception and Action II Book
Author : S. Stavros Valenti,John B. Pittenger,William M. Mace
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2013-11-19
ISBN : 1317759745
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume offers a comprehensive view of posters presented at the VIIth International Conference on Event Perception and Action. Arranged in order of appearance of their corresponding symposia on the conference program, this collection of 80 miniature articles on event perception and action represents the work of 136 researchers from 13 countries.

Dynamic Neural Field Theory for Motion Perception

Dynamic Neural Field Theory for Motion Perception Book
Author : Martin A. Giese
Publisher : Springer
Release : 1998-10-31
ISBN : 9780792383000
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Dynamic Neural Field Theory for Motion Perception provides a new theoretical framework that permits a systematic analysis of the dynamic properties of motion perception. This framework uses dynamic neural fields as a key mathematical concept. The author demonstrates how neural fields can be applied for the analysis of perceptual phenomena and its underlying neural processes. Also, similar principles form a basis for the design of computer vision systems as well as the design of artificially behaving systems. The book discusses in detail the application of this theoretical approach to motion perception and will be of great interest to researchers in vision science, psychophysics, and biological visual systems.

People Watching

People Watching Book
Author : Kerri Johnson,Maggie Shiffrar
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2013-01-10
ISBN : 0195393708
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The human body has long been a rich source of inspiration for the arts, and artists have long recognized the body's special status. While the scientific study of body perception also has an important history, recent technological advances have triggered an explosion of research on the visual perception of the human body in motion, or as it is traditionally called, biological motion perception. Now reaching a point of burgeoning inter-disciplinary focus, biological motion perception research is poised to transform our understanding of person construal. Indeed, several factors highlight a privileged role for the human body as one of the most critical classes of stimuli affecting social perception. Human bodies in motion, for example, are among the most frequent moving stimulus in our environment. They can be readily perceived at a physical distance or visual vantage that precludes face perception. Moreover, body motion conveys meaningful psychological information such as social categories, emotion state, intentions, and underlying dispositions. Thus, body perception appears to serve as a first-pass filter for a vast array of social judgments from the routine (e.g., perceived friendliness in interactions) to the grave (e.g., perceived threat by law enforcement). This book provides an exciting integration of theory and findings that clarify how the human body is perceived by observers.

The Speech Chain

The Speech Chain Book
Author : Peter B. Denes,Elliot N. Pinson
Publisher : W H Freeman & Company
Release : 1993
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Revised and updated to give a state-of-the-art description of each link in the speech chain - from the speaker's production of words to the transmission of sound to the listener's perception. It provides a foundation for understanding the essential aspects of linguistics, acoustics and anatomy.

Understanding Events

Understanding Events Book
Author : Thomas F. Shipley,Jeffrey M. Zacks
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2008-02-25
ISBN : 0190293314
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

We effortlessly recognize all sorts of events--from simple events like people walking to complex events like leaves blowing in the wind. We can also remember and describe these events, and in general, react appropriately to them, for example, in avoiding an approaching object. Our phenomenal ease interacting with events belies the complexity of the underlying processes we use to deal with them. Driven by an interest in these complex processes, research on event perception has been growing rapidly. Events are the basis of all experience, so understanding how humans perceive, represent, and act on them will have a significant impact on many areas of psychology. Unfortunately, much of the research on event perception--in visual perception, motor control, linguistics, and computer science--has progressed without much interaction. This volume is the first to bring together computational, neurological, and psychological research on how humans detect, classify, remember, and act on events. The book will provide professional and student researchers with a comprehensive collection of the latest research in these diverse fields.

Physics of the Human Temporality

Physics of the Human Temporality Book
Author : Ihor Lubashevsky,Natalie Plavinska
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-11-22
ISBN : 3030826120
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a novel account of the human temporal dimension called the “human temporality” and develops a special mathematical formalism for describing such an object as the human mind. One of the characteristic features of the human mind is its temporal extent. For objects of physical reality, only the present exists, which may be conceived as a point-like moment in time. In the human temporality, the past retained in the memory, the imaginary future, and the present coexist and are closely intertwined and impact one another. This book focuses on one of the fragments of the human temporality called the complex present. A detailed analysis of the classical and modern concepts has enabled the authors to put forward the idea of the multi-component structure of the present. For the concept of the complex present, the authors proposed a novel account that involves a qualitative description and a special mathematical formalism. This formalism takes into account human goal-oriented behavior and uncertainty in human perception. The present book can be interesting for theoreticians, physicists dealing with modeling systems where the human factor plays a crucial role, philosophers who are interested in applying philosophical concepts to constructing mathematical models, and psychologists whose research is related to modeling mental processes.

Handbook of Perception and Action Perception

Handbook of Perception and Action  Perception Book
Author : Wolfgang Prinz,Bruce Bridgeman
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0125161611
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume combines the classical fields of perception research with the major theoretical attitudes of today's research, distinguishing between experience- versus performance-related approaches, transformational versus interactional approaches, and approaches that rely on the processing versus discovery of information. Perception is separated into two parts. The first part deals with basic processes and mechanisms, and discusses early vision and later, yet still basic, vision. The second covers complex achievements with accounts of perceptual constancies and the perception of patterns, objects, events, and actions. Key Features * Gives an overview of the current status of research in classical areas and of current approaches to perception * Covers research areas and theoretical approaches * Combines American and European research * Emphasizes complex achievements of perception: auditory patterns, object identification, event perception, and perception of action

Sensation and Perception

Sensation and Perception Book
Author : E. Bruce Goldstein,Laura Cacciamani
Publisher : Cengage Learning
Release : 2021-04-23
ISBN : 0357446593
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Packed with captivating examples and visuals that bring chapter concepts to life, Goldstein/Cacciamani's SENSATION AND PERCEPTION, 11e equips you with a thorough understanding of perceptual research and how the results of this research relate to everyday experiences. The authors take you on an intriguing journey through the senses with both clarity and thoroughness, drawing from their extensive classroom experience and innovative research to create a visual, colorful text. Reflecting the latest developments from the field, the 11th edition has been thoroughly updated throughout with cutting-edge research. In addition, approximately 85 new full-color figures help deepen your understanding of key concepts. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.