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Physicochemical And Environmental Plant Physiology

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Physicochemical and Environmental Plant Physiology

Physicochemical and Environmental Plant Physiology Book
Author : Park S. Nobel
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 032313761X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text is the successor volume to Biophysical Plant Physiology and Ecology (W.H. Freeman, 1983). The content has been extensively updated based on the growing quantity and quality of plant research, including cell growth and water relations, membrane channels, mechanisms of active transport, and the bioenergetics of chloroplasts and mitochondria. One-third of the figures are new or modified, over 190 new references are incorporated, the appendixes on constants and conversion factors have doubled the number of entries, and the solutions to problems are given for the first time. Many other changes have emanated from the best laboratory for any book, the classroom. · Covers water relations and ion transport for plant cells; diffusion, chemical potential gradients, solute movement in and out of plant cells · Covers interconnection of various energy forms; light, chlorophyll and accessory photosynthesis pigments, ATP and NADPH · Covers forms in which energy and matter enter and leave a plant; energy budget analysis, water vapor and carbon dioxide, water movement from soil to plant to atmosphere

Physicochemical and Environmental Plant Physiology

Physicochemical and Environmental Plant Physiology Book
Author : Park S. Nobel
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2005-01-24
ISBN : 0125200269
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Physiology," which is the study of the function of cells, organs, and organisms, derives from the Latin physiologia, which in turn comes from the Greek physi- or physio-, a prefix meaning natural, and logos, meaning reason or thought. Thus physiology suggests natural science and is now a branch of biology dealing with processes and activities that are characteristic of living things. "Physicochemical" relates to physical and chemical properties, and "Environmental" refers to topics such as solar irradiation and wind. "Plant" indicates the main focus of this book, but the approach, equations developed, and appendices apply equalIy welI to animaIs and other organisms. We wilI specificalIy consider water relations, solute transport, photosynthesis, transpiration, respiration, and environmental interactions. A physiologist endeavors to understand such topics in physical and chemical terms; accurate models can then be constructed and responses to the internal and the external environment can be predicted. Elementary chemistry, physics, and mathematics are used to develop concepts that are key to under-standing biology -the intent is to provide a rigorous development, not a compendium of facts. References provide further details, although in some cases the enunciated principIes carry the reader to the forefront of current research. Calculations are used to indicate the physiological consequences of the various equations, and problems at the end of chapters provide further such exercises. Solutions to alI of the problems are provided, and the appendixes have a large tist of values for constants and conversion factors at various temperatures.

Physicochemical and Environmental Plant Physiology

Physicochemical and Environmental Plant Physiology Book
Author : Park S. Nobel
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2005-05-24
ISBN : 0080455115
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The new edition of Physicochemical and Environmental Plant Physiology uses elementary chemistry, physics, and mathematics to explain and develop key concepts in plant physiology. In fundamental ways, all physiological processes that occur in cells, tissues, organs, and organisms obey such relations. Topics include diffusion, membranes, water relations, ion transport, photochemistry, bioenergetics of energy conversion, photosynthesis, environmental influences on plant temperature, and gas exchange for leaves and whole plants. This new edition maintains the unparalleled commitment to clear presentation and improves upon the user friendliness of the previous versions. * All illustrations have been redrawn, many in two-color * New material includes: 14 new figures, 100 new references, 20 new equations and considerable new and revised text * Extensive cross-referencing with a simpler system for chapter sections and subsections * Easy-to-use format including major equations being presented at the beginning of each chapter, and calculations presented outside of the chapter text

Plants and Microclimate

Plants and Microclimate Book
Author : Hamlyn G. Jones
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1992-06-04
ISBN : 9780521425247
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A STUDY OF PLANTS-CLIMATE AND THE IMPACTS OF CHANGE UPON VEGETATION.

Plants in Action

Plants in Action Book
Author : Brian James Atwell,Paul E. Kriedemann,Colin G. N. Turnbull
Publisher : Macmillan Education AU
Release : 1999
ISBN : 9780732944391
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Accompanying CD-ROM includes 600 figures, tables and color plates from the book Plants in action which can be used for the production of color transparencies or for projections in lectures.

An Introduction to Environmental Biophysics

An Introduction to Environmental Biophysics Book
Author : Gaylon S. Campbell,John Norman
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461216265
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

From reviews of the first edition: "well organized . . . Recommended as an introductory text for undergraduates" -- AAAS Science Books and Films "well written and illustrated" -- Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society

Environmental Physiology of Plants

Environmental Physiology of Plants Book
Author : Alastair Fitter,R. K. Hay,Roy Hay,Robert K. M. Hay
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1987
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Already a widely acknowledged and successful work, this second edition has been extensively revised to reflect the vast amount of new literature in the field of plant physiology. The text deals with plant physiological responses to the environment, focusing on the boundary between physiology and ecology, and the treatment is largely based on North American and European examples with reference to the tropics when necessary.

Introduction to Environmental Soil Physics

Introduction to Environmental Soil Physics Book
Author : Daniel Hillel
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2003-12-17
ISBN : 008049577X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An abridged, student-oriented edition of Hillel's earlier published Environmental Soil Physics, Introduction to Environmental Soil Physics is a more succinct elucidation of the physical principles and processes governing the behavior of soil and the vital role it plays in both natural and managed ecosystems. The textbook is self-contained and self-explanatory, with numerous illustrations and sample problems. Based on sound fundamental theory, the textbook leads to a practical consideration of soil as a living system in nature and illustrates the influences of human activity upon soil structure and function. Students, as well as other readers, will better understand the importance of soils and the pivotal possition they occupy with respect to careful and knowledgeable conservation. Written in an engaging and clear style, posing and resolving issues relevant to the terrestrial environment Explores the gamut of the interactions among the phases in the soil and the dynamic interconnection of the soil with the subterranean and atmospheric domains Reveals the salient ideas, approaches, and methods of environmental soil physics Includes numerous illustrative exercises, which are explicitly solved Designed to serve for classroom and laboratory instruction, for self-study, and for reference Oriented toward practical problems in ecology, field-scale hydrology, agronomy, and civil engineering Differs from earlier texts in its wider scope and holistic environmental conception

Plant Physiology Development and Metabolism

Plant Physiology  Development and Metabolism Book
Author : Satish C Bhatla,Manju A. Lal
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-11-28
ISBN : 9811320233
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on the fundamentals of plant physiology for undergraduate and graduate students. It consists of 34 chapters divided into five major units. Unit I discusses the unique mechanisms of water and ion transport, while Unit II describes the various metabolic events essential for plant development that result from plants’ ability to capture photons from sunlight, to convert inorganic forms of nutrition to organic forms and to synthesize high energy molecules, such as ATP. Light signal perception and transduction works in perfect coordination with a wide variety of plant growth regulators in regulating various plant developmental processes, and these aspects are explored in Unit III. Unit IV investigates plants’ various structural and biochemical adaptive mechanisms to enable them to survive under a wide variety of abiotic stress conditions (salt, temperature, flooding, drought), pathogen and herbivore attack (biotic interactions). Lastly, Unit V addresses the large number of secondary metabolites produced by plants that are medicinally important for mankind and their applications in biotechnology and agriculture. Each topic is supported by illustrations, tables and information boxes, and a glossary of important terms in plant physiology is provided at the end.

Cacti

Cacti Book
Author : Park S. Nobel,Professor of Biology and Associate Director of the UCLA-Doe Laboratory Park S Nobel
Publisher : Univ of California Press
Release : 2002-07-10
ISBN : 9780520231573
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"There is nothing in the world like this book. It should be in every library and on the bookshelves of all those interested in cacti. The book will be an important resource for plant physiology, agronomy, and horticulture classes at both the undergraduate and graduate level."—Bruce Smith, Brigham Young University "Cacti: Biology and Uses is a landmark publication of one of the world's most unique group of plants. Park Nobel, a leading authority on succulent plants, has assembled a collection of contributions that spans a wide range of issues extending from basic systematics, anatomy, physiology and ecology to considerations of conservation and human uses of this diverse group of plants. This nicely-produced and well-illustrated volume provides a resource that will be of great use to a wide range of scientists, practitioners, and enthusiasts of this plant group."—Harold Mooney, Paul S. Achilles Professor of Environmental Biology, Stanford University

Plant Growth and Development

Plant Growth and Development Book
Author : Lalit M. Srivastava
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2002-08-27
ISBN : 0080514030
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides current information on synthesis of plant hormones, how their concentrations are regulated, and how they modulate various plant processes. It details how plants sense and tolerate such factors as drought, salinity, and cold temperature, factors that limit plant productivity on earth. It also explains how plants sense two other environmental signals, light and gravity, and modify their developmental patterns in response to those signals. This book takes the reader from basic concepts to the most up-to-date thinking on these topics. * Provides clear synthesis and review of hormonal and environmental regulation of plant growth and development * Contains more than 600 illustrations supplementary information on techniques and/or related topics of interest * Single-authored text provides uniformity of presentation and integration of the subject matter * References listed alphabetically in each section

Biophysical Plant Physiology and Ecology

Biophysical Plant Physiology and Ecology Book
Author : Park S. Nobel
Publisher : W H Freeman & Company
Release : 1983
ISBN : 9780716714477
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cells and difusion. Cell structure. Diffusion. Membrane structure. Membrane permeability. Cell walls. Problems. Water. Physical properties. Chemical potential. Central vacuole and chloroplasts. Water potential and plant cells. Chemical potential of ions. Fluxes and diffusion potentials. Active transport. Principles of irreversible thermodynamics. Solute movement across membranes. Light. Wavelength and energy. Absorption of light by molecules. De-excitation. Absorption spectra and action spectra. Photochemistry of photosynthesis. Chlorophyll -- Chemistry and spectra. Other photosynthetic pigments. Electron flow. Bioenergetics. Gibbs free energy. Biological energy currencies. Chloroplast bioenergetics. Energy flow in the biosphere. Temperature. Energy budget -- radiation. Wind -- heat conduction and convection. Latent heat -- transpiration. Soil. Further examples of energy budgets. Leaves and fluxes. Resistances and conductances -- transpiration. Water vapor fluxes accompanying transpiration. CO2 conductances and resistances. CO2 fluxes accompanying photosyntesis. Water use efficiency. Plants and fluxes. Gas fluxes above the leaf canopy. Gas fluxes within plant communities. Soil. Water movement in the xylem and phloem. The soil-plant-atmosphere continuum.

Principles of Plant Nutrition

Principles of Plant Nutrition Book
Author : Konrad Mengel (etc),Ernest A. Kirkby
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2001-07-31
ISBN : 9781402000089
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant nutrition; The soil as a plant nutrient medium; Nutrient uptake and assimilation; Plant water relationships; Plant growth and crop production; Fertilizer application; Nitrogen; Sulphur; Phosphorus; Potassium; Calcium; Magnesium; Iron; Manganese; Zinc; Copper; Molybdenum; Boron; Further elements of importance; Elements with more toxic effects.

Air Pollutants and the Leaf Cuticle

Air Pollutants and the Leaf Cuticle Book
Author : Kevin E. Percy,J. Neil Cape,Richard Jagels,Caroline J. Simpson
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-29
ISBN : 364279081X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant leaves are covered by a thin, lipoidal, non-living membrane called the cuticle. Forming the interface between plants and the atmospheric environment, it presents an effective barrier to pollutant entry. The book provides a comprehensive review of air pollutant effects on the cuticle and covers the following thematic areas: - Cuticular physicochemical characteristics, physiological, regulatory, and protective roles. - Effects, mechanisms, and consequences of air pollutant interaction with leaf cuticles. - Non-anthropogenic and environmental influences on the cuticle and potential of the cuticle for biomonitoring and critical levels mapping. - New developments in experimental methodology and analytical techniques.

Environmental Biology of Agaves and Cacti

Environmental Biology of Agaves and Cacti Book
Author : Park S. Nobel
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2003-10-16
ISBN : 9780521543347
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive review of these two interesting and economically important desert succulents.

Plant Life under Changing Environment

Plant Life under Changing Environment Book
Author : Durgesh Kumar Tripathi,Vijay Pratap Singh,Devendra Kumar Chauhan,Shivesh Sharma,Sheo Mohan Prasad,Nawal Kishore Dubey,Naleeni Ramawat
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-04-10
ISBN : 0128182059
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant Life under Changing Environment: Responses and Management presents the latest insights, reflecting the significant progress that has been made in understanding plant responses to various changing environmental impacts, as well as strategies for alleviating their adverse effects, including abiotic stresses. Growing from a focus on plants and their ability to respond, adapt, and survive, Plant Life under Changing Environment: Responses and Management addresses options for mitigating those responses to ensure maximum health and growth. Researchers and advanced students in environmental sciences, plant ecophysiology, biochemistry, molecular biology, nano-pollution climate change, and soil pollution will find this an important foundational resource. Covers both responses and adaptation of plants to altered environmental states Illustrates the current impact of climate change on plant productivity, along with mitigation strategies Includes transcriptomic, proteomic, metabolomic and ionomic approaches

Physicochemical and Environmental Plant Physiology

Physicochemical and Environmental Plant Physiology Book
Author : Park S. Nobel
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2009-05-13
ISBN : 9780080920894
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Physicochemical and Environmental Plant Physiology, Fourth Edition, is the updated version of an established and successful reference for plant scientists. The author has taken into consideration extensive reviews performed by colleagues and students who have touted this book as the ultimate reference for research and learning. The original structure and philosophy of the book continue in this new edition, providing a genuine synthesis of modern physicochemical and physiological thinking, while entirely updating the detailed content. This version contains more than 40% new coverage; five brand new equations and four new tables, with updates to 24 equations and six tables; and 30 new figures have been added with more than three-quarters of figures and legends improved. Key concepts in plant physiology are developed with the use of chemistry, physics, and mathematics fundamentals. The book is organized so that a student has easy access to locate any biophysical phenomenon in which he or she is interested. * More than 40% new coverage * Incorporates student-recommended changes from the previous edition * Five brand new equations and four new tables, with updates to 24 equations and six tables * 30 new figures added with more than three-quarters of figures and legends improved * Organized so that a student has easy access to locate any biophysical phenomenon in which he or she is interested * Per-chapter key equation tables * Problems with solutions presented in the back of the book * Appendices with conversion factors, constants/coefficients, abbreviations and symbols

Herbicides and Plant Physiology

Herbicides and Plant Physiology Book
Author : Andrew H. Cobb,John P. H. Reade
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-06-09
ISBN : 1444322494
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Herbicides make a spectacular contribution to modern crop production. Yet, for the development of more effective and safer agrochemicals, it is essential to understand how these compounds work in plants and their surroundings. This expanded and fully revised second edition of Herbicides and Plant Physiology provides a comprehensive and up-to-date account of how modern herbicides interact with target plants, and how they are used to manage crop production. In addition, the text: Provides a current account of the importance of weeds to crop yield and quality; Describes how new herbicides are discovered and developed; Examines precise sites of herbicide action and mechanisms of herbicide selectivity and resistance; Reviews commercial and biotechnological applications, including genetically engineered herbicide resistance in crops; Suggests new areas for future herbicide development; Includes many specially prepared illustrations. As a summary of diverse research information, this second edition of Herbicides and Plant Physiology is a valuable reference for students and researchers in plant physiology, crop production/protection, plant biochemistry, biotechnology and agriculture. All libraries in universities, agricultural colleges and research establishments where these subjects are studied and taught will need copies of this excellent book on their shelves.

Photosynthesis and Production in a Changing Environment

Photosynthesis and Production in a Changing Environment Book
Author : D.O. Hall,J.M.O. Scurlock,H.R. Bolhar-Nordenkampf,Richard C. Leegood,S.P. Long
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-12-01
ISBN : 9401115664
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The majority of the world's people depend research work should be carried out at the local and regional level by locally trained on plants for their livelihood since they grow them for food, fuel, timber, fodder and people. many other uses. A good understanding Following the success of our earlier book of the practical factors which govern the (Techniques in Bioproductivity and Photo synthesis; Pergamon Press, 1985), which productivity of plants through the process of photosynthesis is therefore of paramount was translated into four major languages, importance, especially in the light of cur the editors and contributors have exten rent concern about global climate change sively revised the content and widened the and the response of both crops and natural scope of the text,· so it now bears a title ecosystems. in line with current concern over global The origins of this book lie in a series of climate change. · In particular, we have training courses sponsored by the United added chapters on remote sensing, con Nations Environment Programme (Project trolled-environment studies, chlorophyll No. FP/6108-88-0l (2855); 'Environment fluorescence, metabolite partitioning and changes and the productivity of tropical the use of mass isotopes, all of which grasslands'), with additional support from techniques are increasing in their applica many international and national agencies. tion and importance to this subject area.

Physicochemical Environmental Plant Physiology

Physicochemical   Environmental Plant Physiology Book
Author : Park S. Nobel,Professor of Biology and Associate Director of the UCLA-Doe Laboratory Park S Nobel
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 1999
ISBN : 9780125200257
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The functioning of all living systems obeys the laws of physics in fundamental ways. This is true for all physiological processes that occur inside cells, tissues, organs, and organisms. The new edition of Park Nobel's classic text has been revised in an unprecedented fashion, while still remaining user-friendly and clearly presented. Certain to maintain its leading role in teaching general and comparative physiological principles, Physicochemical and Environmental Plant Physiology now establishes a new standard of excellence in teaching advanced physiology.The book covers water relations and ion transport for plant cells, including diffusion, chemical potential gradients, and solute movement in and out of plant cells. It also presents the interconnection of various energy forms, such as light, chlorophyll and accessory photosynthesis pigments, and ATP and NADPH. Additionally, the book describes the forms in which energy and matter enter and leave a plant, for example: energy budget analysis, water vapor and carbon dioxide, and water movement from soil to plant to atmosphere.